Newspaper Page Text
1 he. Dillings Gazette. .
VOL. XXI. BILLINGS, MONTANA, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1905. NO. 37 A WINNER many times over you are sure to be if you open up and keep an account at our savings bank. you can Open an Account for a Dollar or more and keep on adding to it. It is only a question of time then that you will have a plen ty. Our board of trustees are well known and can help you in many ways. Yegen Bros. Savings Bank Responsible Capital $125,000. Yellowstone National OF Bank BILLINGS CAPITAL. - $50,000 SURPLUS $40,000 A. L. BABCOCK, President PBTER LARSON, Helena, Vice-Pres. E. H. HOLLISTER, Cashier L. C. BABCOCV, Ass't Cashier DI RECTORS. PETER LARSON Hoelna ED. CARDWELL. DB. H E. ASMTRnoNo . .H. HOLLISTES A L. BARO4iO. Boxes for Rent In Safety Deposit Vault. General Banking Business Sell Exchange available in all the princi pal cities of the United States and lurope Collections promptly made and remit ted for. Accounts of firms and individuals solic ited on the most favorable terms consis tent with safe and conservative banking. BillingsState Bank Capital Stock, $50,000.00. OFFICERS: Paul McCormick, President. B. G. Shorey, VicePres. Charles' Spear, Cashier. John A. Hoyt, Teller. DIRECTORS: H. C. Bostwick, W. Hansard, C. O. tGruwell, Paul McCormick, A. H. Barth, B. G. Shorey, Ohas. Spear. Transact a General Banking Business. GRUWELL BLOCK, BILLINGS, . MONTANA. THE PEOPLE'S SAVINiS BANK 2715 Montana Ave., Billings, Mont. Interest Paid on Deposits Savings Deposits secured by first Mortgages on Improved Real Estate Ioney Loaned on City and Farm Property The People's Savings Bank is Owned and Guaranteed by the stockholders of the Billings Loan & Trust Company TIOS. J. BOUTON, Pres. W. F. Sylvester. Sec. a Treua. g FARM LOANS * No Delay Lowest Rates BILLINGS LOAN & TRUST * COMPANY 0 000 0, J00Q,000Og SIN WAY OF TIDAL WAVE ROOSEVELT MAY BE FORCED TO RUN. HIS CANDIDACY DEMANDED Unless Public Opinion Changes Dur ing Next Three Years Awkward Position Awaits Him. Chicago, Sept. 2.-Walter Wellman in a Portsmouth, N. H., special to the Record-Herald says: Is President Roosevelt's triumph as the peacemaker to make him his owi successor in the White house despite his declared intention not to accept another term? This is the questioa which many men are now asking. Eminent foreigners attending the peace conference express great sur prise when told that this is Mr. Roose velt's last term in the presidency. They cannot understand how the Am erican people can permit such a pub lic servant to retire to private life. How Foreigners Regard Him. These foreigners look upon Mr. Roosevelt not only as the greatest man America has had in the presiden 'tial chair for a gentleman, but they frankly confess he is by long odds the greatest man now upon the world's stage. In his character, his achieve ments, his prestige, his power for good, our friends from across the sea place him higher than any other head of a state. No other head of a government could have done what Mr. Roosevelt did, they say. Americans Talk Same Way. But it is noteworthy that just at this moment many Americans are talk ing the same way. For instance, a leading newspaper of New York, and a democratic paper at that, editorially declared all the probabilities are Mr. Roosevelt will be freed by his party to stand as a candidate for another term. The president's wonderful achieve ment as a peacemaker has fired the imagination of the world. He is her alded by friend and foe alike as the "foremost man of his time," as the "first citizen of the world," as the "greatest factor for good upon the glolbe." A Friend's Opinion. Weeks ago, before the success of the peace conference was foreseen, and when the president himself ex pressed his thought as one of hope, not one of confidence, I discussed the subject of Mr Roosevelt's future with one of his closet and most confidential friends. "The president is absolutely sin cere," said this gentleman, who had within the week been Mr. Roosevelt's guest for several days and nights "He means precisely what he says. There is no string to his declaration. He will live up to it to the limit of his power. He will throw all his energy into the maintenance of his pledge. No one shall ever be able to accuse him of indirection or of acting a part. But-" "You pause," said I to the presi dents friend. "Please go on." "Well, if the president retains his wonderful popularity, if he makes a success of the peace conference, if he goes through the next three years without making any serious blunder, I believe the people of the United States, almost regardless of party, will rise up and demand that he stay where he is. And if they do so, if the de mand is genuine and hearty and rep resentative of the will of the major ity of the people, I do not see how any living man can resist it. "I cannot speak for the president. But I know him well. He believes it to be the duty of every American to obey the voice of the people. -Ie took the vice-presidential nomination, not because he wanted it, but because he told me and his other friends that no man has the right to dictate to his party or to the people what they shall do. It is for the people to command, for the individual to obey. That is his philosophy. And I anticipate that three years hence Mr. Roosevelt is to be tried as American public man nev er before was-tried by a popular coam mnad that he retract his own volun tary pledge." Would there have been a treaty of ,peace b" the work of Presi dent r ' I asked a high-la ed :r . ,day. "No," was, the reply. "I am not revealing a secret, I think, when I tell you that we should have reached a compromise broadly on the proposal which immediately followed the presi dent's first efforts, had It not been for the cleverness of Mr. Witte. When that fell into unpromisingness on ac count of the sudden change of attitude on Russia's part, the president renew ew his efforts, addressing himself di rectly to Tokio through Baron Kane wo. You all know the result. There would have been no peace but for the work of Mr. Roosevelt." PERSONA NON GRATA. German Government Objects to Unit ed States Consul. [Scripps News Service.] London, Sept. 2.-It has become known that the German government has objected to the continuance in of .fice of J. Martin Miller, the former war correspondent, now consul from the United States at Aix Lacharpelle. Miller is said to have written many articles during his career which the German government did not like. Among them is said to be one alleging a plot of Germany to put a figureheaid monarch on the throne of Samoa. The, claim is made. that this article caused the Samoans to rise against the Ger mans. HUNTING FATALITY. Monarch Man Killed by Accidental Discharge of Gun. [Scripps News Service.] Great Falls, Sept. 2.-The opening of the hunting season was marked in northern Montana by at least cna fa" tality. Frank Gensiere, a well-known Monarch merchant, was the victim. He was accidentally killed by the dis charge of his gun while crawling through a fence, which severed an ar tery and he bled to death. TO MAKE NEW START. [Scripps News Service.] Rushville, Ind., Sept. 2.-Oliver Jones, formerly cashier of the Bank of Arlington, in prison for embezzling X10,000, together with two other pris 3ners, sawed his way out and escaped, early this morning. Jones left a note saying that he expected to recoup and pay his creditors. FIRE AND DYNAMITE. [Scripps News Service.] Tiflis, Sept. 2.-It is reported that the town of Ihusha is in flames and that the people have fled to the moun tains. Troops are hastening to the scene. The property of Prince Much rani in the Dushet district has been destroyed by dynamite. Prince Eris toff has been murdered near Cori. KILLED ;N COLLISION. [Scripps News Service.] St. Louis, Sept. 2.-Two Iron Moun itain trains collided this morning near Valmyer. One of the conductors and a brakeman were killed. Another re port has it that four were killed. Twto ,passengers are seriously injured. DIVIDEND FOR DEPOSITORS. [Scripps News Service.] Denver, Colo., Sept. 2.-The receiv er for tlWe Denver Savings bank re ponts that the assets of the institu tion are sufficient to pay 75 per cent of the claims of the depositors. DEATH OF AGED LADY. Miss Lucy Malloy Had Lived Almost 84 Years. After living with the family of Fred. E. Foster, the mayor, and that of his father and mother for 60 years, Miss Lucy Malloy died at noon today. If she had lived until next month she would have been 84 years of age. Miss Malloy had Ibeen in quite feeble health for the past two and a half years, but yesterday she was in ex celeat condition, apparently, and was not even confined to her room. She had previously suffered several para lytlc strokes and was quite weak, but her condition was better .than it had Ibeen in months and her friends re marked it. At 11 o'clock last night she was suddenly stricken with an illness which ultimately resulted in her death. The funeral will be held at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Foster, corner of See ond avenue and Thirty-first street, south, at 2 o'clock tomorrow after neon. The esrvlces will be conducted by the Reverend J. J. Bowker. MAY RECEIVE - PEACE PRIZE e ROOSEVELT LIKELY TO HAVE SIGNAL RECOGNITION. SCABLE THAT IS SIGNIFICANT Storthing Committee of Nobel Bequest Sends Its Congratulation--Re markable Institutes. Christiana, Norway, Sept. 2.-There is every reason to believe that Presi dent Roosevelt will receive signal rec ognition from the Nobel peace prize committee of the stort'hing. This com mittee 'has cabled its congratulations to the president for his work "for the peace of the world and humanity." Such a 'message is tantamount to say ing that this year's Nobel peace prize of about $40,000 ,will be awarded to President Roosevelt. The awards in all five of the Nobel prizes are made annually December 10, the anniver sary of Nobel's death. Nobel's Remarkable Will. Alfred Bernhard Nobel, who was the richest man in Sweden, died Decem ber 10, 1896, and left a most remark- 1 able will. He provided tfr the estab +lish.mont of five institutes, respresent ing different fields of activi'ty--hbu'man ity or the cause of peace, physical sdience, literature, chemistry and med icine. The revenues from his estate were to be divided equally between these five institutes, and the king of Sweden was 'to have general supervi sion of the whole and appoint an exe cu'tive board, with a president, to man ;age the affairs of the foundation. Each institute was to have its own build ing and apparatus, and it affairs were to 'be governed 'by a faculty of special ists, chosen not merely from Scandi navia, 'but from the number of scien tists of unquestioned reputation in their respective fields. These special ists were to develop and extend the 'usefulness of discoveries or inven 'tions, for which annual prizes were to Ibe awarded. They were to reside in Stockholm, where the headquarters of the institutes are to be maintained. Prizes were to be awarded annually by each institute to the man who, in its judgment, bad performed Ithe most useul service in promoting the peace ,of Vte world, or made the 'most import ant (discovery, or written the most val uab'le book. Candi'd'ates for these prizes were to be named 'by the learn ed bodies of the world, and no per sonal sa,)plieations would be received. A Huge Estate. There was some delay in the set tling of the estate, owing to the claims of i elatives, but the executors suc 'ceedled in satisfying these claims 'by the payment of 3,000,000 kronor. The rest of Mr. Nobel's extensive estate includinLg his South African gold mainas, oil work's at Baku, Russia, and Ihis manufactories of smokeless pow der, dynamite and other explosives in various parts of Europe-was all sold and the proceeds, amounting to 31, 000,000 kronor (about $8,300,000) were invested in the Ibonds of 'Sweden, Nor way, England, Germanny, Russia and other . utpean countries. These bonds now yield an annual income of about $350,000, so Ithat each institute has some $70,000 a year to carry on its work and pay the prizes. Entrusted to Storthing. T'he award of the peace prize was entrusted by Mr. Nobel to the Nor ,legian storthing. The reason for this action was 'that the storthing 'ahl al ways actively promoted the settle-t menat ~of international controversies by arbitirttion. The storthing does not itself elect the prize winner, bult dele gates that duty to a committee of five, who may belong to its own n~um bear, or may lbe selected from ouitside. The prize, like the other four, is open 'to the world, and nominations 'may be made by any legislative body, by the Internettional Bar association, by the faoulties of law colleges and profes sors of history, philosophy and politi- - oal science in established universities, or by any society organized for the purpose of promoting peace. The prize for the beet literary wiorK d is awarded by the Swedish aoademy, r oomposed of 18 immotrital---all Bwedee, a The prize in physics is awarded 'by ihe Swedish academy of science, 75 of whose 175 members, are residents of other European countries. The prize in medicine is given by the fac ulty of the Stockholm medical aol lege. The president of the executive 'board is former Premier Bostroem of Swe den. He receives an annual salary of $1,200. The executors of the Nobel estate, R. Sohinman and R. Lilequist, are bo'h engineers who were associalt ed with Nobel. for 'many years, and they devote their entire time to the work, receiving salaries of $3,000 a year. War Profits and Peace. The Nobel fortune was made by the manufacture of war materials of all kinds, and it is, therefore, peculiar ly fitting that a part of it should be devoted to the promotion of peace. Nobel was born in 'Stookholm in 1833 and inherited the business of manu facturing explosives from his father, who laid the torpedos and placed the guns at Kronstadt, the great fortress that defends St. Petersburg. ,Alfred Nobel was the inventor of dynamite and one of the first to imanufacture smokeless powder. He employed 12, 000 people in his shops and laborator ies and 12,000 more in his petroleum mills 'at Baku. He stipulated express ly that in awarding the prizes, "no consideration whatever be paid to the nationality of the candidates, and that the most deserving shall receive the prizes, whether of Scandinavian origin or not." Former Prize Winners. In 1902 the peace prize was divided between 'Secretary Ducammon of the international peace (bureau and Doctor Gobert, both Swiss advocates of peace. In 1903 it went to Wim. R. Cramer, a member of the British 'par liament, who published '"The Arbitra tor." Last year the prize was not given to a man, but to an organ~iza L'Ins'tittut de Droit International (The Institute of International Right), which is composed of leaders from all sover the world ; mong Ithe workers for peace. Each 5y ir the prize amounts to nearly $40,C J. MUST STAND TRIAL. Captain Taggart Will Have to Face Court Martial. [Scripps News Service.] Wooster, Ohio, 'Sept. 2.-Whether or not he wins his divorce suit, Captain Taggart must stand trial by a court martial. Army officers say the' mili tary court is awaiting the result of the -divorce proceedings because the amended 'petition in the latter is based u~pon the char'ges before the court mar tial. Captain Jame's Taylor, attorney for Mrs. Taggart, says it is practically certain that Lieutenant Fortescue will file charges against the captain. Mrs. Taggart will 'be a witness against him in the court martial that hears the charges preferred ,by General Miner against Taggart. The time of the court this morning was taken up 'by the reading of depo si'tions by army officers, who said that Captain Taggart was sober and, to the best of their knowledge, kind to his wife and children. Major Newbury, who was associated with Taggart in the Philippines and who knew Augustine, will testify next Monday. Witnesses from Orrvile con Mtradict the testimony of "Billy" Tag gart and the latter is to be placed on the stand again. Judge Eason is anxious to finish the ease and will hold court Lalbor day. It is expected that all the testimony will be in and the arguments conclud ed by Thursday. HARPER IS WORSE. [Scripps News Service.] OChicago, 'Sept. 2.-PresideiTt Harper of the University of Chicago left for Battle Creek this morning, expeoting to be gone two w'eeks. This has given rise to rumors that his condition has grown 'worse. SHANGHAI 18 FLOODED. [Scripps News Service.] Shanghai, Sept. 2.-A typhoon swept over the city last night. The town is flooded this morning and the water rose 'to a height of three feet. GERMANY'S CHOLERA PLAGUE. [Scripps News Service.] Berlin, Sept. 2.--At noon today 17 deaths and 43 cases of cholera were reported from different places in Ger many. FiRS DRAFT IS FINISHED PEACE TREATY CONSISTS OF FIFTEEN ARTICLES. 8OLDIERS HAVE THE NEWS Both Armies Know That the Fighting Is Over-Arranging for Neutral Zone Between Lines. [Scripps News Service.] Portsmouth, N. H., Sept. 2.--~1he first draft of the treaty of peace ass been completed. John Sullivan of the postoffice department and n. B. Rose of the state department have arrived from Washington and are at work ew. 'rossing the. treaty. They say that if it does not exceed 10 pages it can be engrossed, in two days, by working 16 hours each 'day. While the treaty constits of 15 ar ticles, it is understood that s~ne of them are very 'brief. Witte 'has accepted an invitation 'of the Metrop0olitan club to attend a ban quet in his honor during his stay at New York. He will afterward go to Chicago, via Niagara and Buffalo. A meeeting of the envoy§ has been called for this afternoon at the hotel. It is merely a formality. The proto col will be signed at Tuesday's meet ing. The meeting of the treaty framers adjourned at 12:45. Mr. Dennison, le gal adviser of the Japanese, says that a few minor points remain to be ad justed, 'but that the treaty 'has been practically -completed for inspeotion by the envoys at this afternoon's meet-. ing, when, it is undarstood, divergent views as to the phraseology will be harmonized. On Their Own Responsibility. At 1 o'clock Mr. Dennison replied in answer to questions on the subject that no 'message had been received from the emperor of Japlan for five lays. He admitted that the Japanese envoys 'acted entirely on their own responsibility in t'he drawing up of the armistice, last Friday. FRONT HAS THE NEWS. r. Peace Agreement Printed in Today's Issue of Army Organs. [Scripps News Service.] Gunshu, Sept. 2.-The first intima 'tion of an agreeiment between the peace p lenipotentiaries was ,printed in today's issue of the army organs. Ar rangements have been made for a neutral zone between the two armies, pending dispersal. The foreign military attaches are arranging for 'formal leave takings from the different commanders, ex pecting recalls .momentarily. NEW SILVER REGION. Predicted That It Will Exceed Colora do In Richness. [Scripps News Service.] Vancouver, B. C., Sept. 2.-E. Bris tol, M. P., of Toronto, returned today from the north, where he viewed the 'silver deposits at Windy Arm, near the White Pass railroad. He gives it as his opinion that Colorado will he excelled and the greatest 'mining camp in the world established there. WOMAN GOLF CHAMPION. [Scripps News Service.. Flossmoor, Ills., Sept. 2.-In a driv ing rain this morning Mrs. C. L... ing defeated Mrs. W. F. Anderson, four up, two to play, for the chbanpion ship of the Western Golf assoclation. NEW MINISTRY APPROVED. [Scripps News Service.] Guyaquil, Sept. 2.-President Garag i has approved of the 'formation of the new ministry. Carlos Tobor becomesS minister, of foreign affairs. CABLE WORKING AGAIN. [Soripps News Service.] New York, Sept. 2.-Cable ooo Inunications to Japan, via FoTcess, were restored today. The wire air s worklng slowly.