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The Billings Gazette.
Gazette Printing Company, Publishers Issued Semi-Weekly. TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS. Subscription Rates. One year, in advance ............ $3.00 Six months...................1.50 Entered at the Billings Postoffice as Second Class Matter. Tuesday, September 12, 1905. JAPANESE IN UGLY MOOD. Baron Komura may be aright when he :says that an uprising in Japan is impossible, but this does not appear to prevent the Japanese from express ing-in other forms their disapproval of the peace terms made with Russia. Evidence of this fact is contained in the Tokio dispatches. The correspondents of the Japanese newspapers who were at Portsmouth when the final agreement was arrived at 'that resulted in the signing of the treaty seem to have had a better line on the sentiment of their countrymen than the envoys. The newspaper mnen, it will be remembered, declared that when the full terms of the treaty Ibecame known at home there would he trounble, as the peace concluded was humiliating to the Japanese, na tion, and that the subjects of the mi kado 'would not be slow in giving man ifestation to their disapproval. The predictions made in this regard are seemingly being fulfilled. Although the demonstrations thus far have not reached the stage of open revolt, they certainly are indicative of a frame of mind on the part of the people where but little would be required 'to cause anuch more serious trouble. Seeming ly all that is needed is a leader, a man capable of uniting the forces opposed to the treaty. A revolt, as the situa tion appears in this distance, could be easily fomented. The masses of the Japanese appar ently are incapable of reasoning on the high plane adopted by the emperor and his counsellors. They argue that as their country was -successful in the war it should have insisted upon strict and complete compliance with the de mand's promulgated from Tokio when it was agreed ,to have a conference of envoys of the two nations. They care not for the humanitarian ,side of the question. They were the victors in a long and costly war and as such con sider themselves entitled to all of the spoils made possible by the conclusion of the war. To them it matters not how the ;rest of the world may regard them. Intensely patrioticc and proud of their country and its achievements, tthey reason that at the height of its success the nation was disgraced and humiliated by the weakness of its ruler and his advisers and that in the (battle of diplomacy they allowed them selves to be worsted by a foe defeated on land and sea and ignobly yielded to him and instead of insisting upon the rights of the victor became sup plicants for favors from the van quished. This thought rankles and in stead of the predicted speedy subsid ence of any feeling of dissatisfaction which might have been engendered, that feeling seems to grow stronger wi'th the )assing days. Enough has already come to pass to show that the Jalpanesre are much like other people in s;::n respects and that not 'withstanding the almost divine rever ence 'they accord the emperor and the supernaturt,' attribulos with which they endow him they are not. to le do terred f rom vigorous x:'ro'i.nll of dis applroval o: 's' acts whern thiwy beoiitve them to. ,l ,' iitr inw tal tro ,hie c u.try cr calceiula: to shamle it i, the sight Of its otnt .,ýpie .(r hI: e'hl. A L.E-L SLTiiVE OU-r, S. I the ;i( : , I 11 it ; i of il ' " li l 1 1. Ol -.'y e '. sc il .2w.' h' , ,I; ] I,, +),1,; i at th te l i :· .', ; prodh(t t skill is . out e'( ,o11i 1has st a I ,' i' i l };y been ll . ill i> ( i, i..]!; of the it.,,- ... ;, ld 1 1tho 10i,11 i " cured its ,. Tl l , e n d o rs e d , Ib t l t!i o. ', ,I , it was sought t: r'. it, llt 1 tl ly denounced. Bulat the editors ar 'lt hl I ly ones who do not feel tlat thew ,'rolm ses maholo before the tetletiont ol(l contained in the lhitfior1ls of ltl parties were not carried ot. The, makeshift, pretense, or whatever the law may be called, is regarded so illy by a majority that so far very few have manifested any intention to avail themselves of It and the ol way of doing things will probably he followed by a majority of the coun. ties. Now and then some place is to be heard of where It is purposed to put into execution the provisions of the law. Butte is one of them. A pe titicn is being circulated there, at the instigation of Mr. "Swede" Mur phy, one of the luminous figures in the politics of Silver Bow county, but according to all accounts it has not been nee essary to call in the services of the police to maintain order among the clamoring thousands struggling for the privilege of signing. It is said that at one of the labor union halls better success is being had and Mr. Murphy and those who are in sympathy with him are working hard to secure the required fifteen per cent of the votes necessary. GETS HIS REWARD. Having recovered frcm the shock to his pride and vanity, Alton B. Par ker is now probably glad that he lis tened, to the syren song of August Belmont last fall and permitted him self to be sacrificed on the altar of a forlorn and disowned cause . While he failed to get within a number of millions of votes the prize for which he entered, and resigned a good, easy job for the privilege of being the worst defeated man that ever ran for the presidency, he is not without his substantial reward. Figured in cold cash, he was a win ner, for he has been given something, not "just as good," but decidedly bet ter than being boss of the White house. Recognizing the gentleman's high legal ability and the service he rendered him and his associates in Wall street, Mr. Belmont has appoint ed Judge Parker chief counsel for the Brooklyn Rapid Transit company. ID addition to the honor the place car ries a salary of one hundred thous and dollars annually. Certainly the statement is not made publicly that the appointment is in the way of compensation for the things that occurred last fall, but that is not necessary. Unless he is much denser politically than even his bit terest enemies would charge him with being, the man from Esopus must have known and thoroughly realized the hopelessness of the contest on which he entered when he became the democratic candidate for presi dent. Report has it that he is far from being a rich man. This true it is not likely that he would have surrendered a certainty for the most apparent and absolute uncertainty that the mind could conjure. Hence it is only reasonable to suppose that some sort of an understanding existed between himself and his political 'sponsor that he would be taken care of, no matter how the end might be. And there is no four-year limit to the tenuire of the position he now holds. That's another thing worth consider ing. BUTTE SHOULD BOND. Simply because they opposed his election some of the newspapers of Butte and those claiming 'affiliations with that town are opposing the at tempt of Mayor Macginnis to secure favorable consideration of his efforts to have the city bond its floating in debtedness. The amount of that debt is considerable, running into the hun dreds of thousands of dollars. It draws a heavy rate of interest, and there is always present the possibility that because of a shortage of available funds the warrants now indiscrimi nately held may be discounted. This would not speak well for the town or its credit. Large as the debt is, a ma terial increase is promised if many needed and loudly demanded improve ments are made. Given his way, the mayor would consolidate the debt and have only one or two creditors, in stead of the woods swarming with them, besides reducing the interest charges to a considerable degree. Although that newspaper vigorously i: posed his election and made the s rongest possible fight against him, SMinor thinkts he bonding proposi Sa good thing for the town and is Si:g all it, can to create sentiment in :eti dircciion. l]o:h the Miner and layeor ,Ma.ginnis are right. Billings , ' trurigling iudeir a load of floating i;. , and o:ncliudre that the i ch:1 (ome fr a change. By a hl ;;,ii on 'uajrity its people voted in ar [ :h( i:i lng of long term bonds ':it'. hihn : 1 \\- ra' of interest. Now i, lini::.. I :ff:tirs are in first class eo d itiin. II lays as it goes and be .iles is ]a:i:g p111 some;hing against te lint.' o :.' ' hitnds become due. '.ry p irr-"''i..-sie uinicipality long ago Ilearnrd tilhe alvan age of a bonded ovi'r a floating inde',l't, Idncss and has availed itself of lhi opplortunity to inmal. the change. DOES NOT TEMPT THEM. Twe'nty-two (·cens is a decidedly temlting offer for wool that has still almost a full year in which it may re. main on the sthe.1p's back, but tempt Ing as It Imay aplear, it fails to in duco the shrewd .Montalna flock master into an acce(tltla(' of it. Eastern buyers are in tih. state for the express purpose of closing contracts ifr next season's dcliviry, but they seem to be doing no business. The sheepmen do not care to sell and intend to hang onto their wool until the ,market opens next year, satisfied that they will get even better prices than those now of fered. Sometime ago the prediction was made in these columns that there would be little contracting in the state this fall. This prediction appar ently is 'being verified, and there is good reason for it. Last year many flockmasters were carried away Iby what they considered as exceptionally high offers and monthas before the shearing season began sold their pros pective clips. They congratulated 'themselves on their shrewdness and some of them were inclined to feel something akin to contemptuous pity for the men who refused to sell and waited until later, when their clips were ready for the market and the buying season was regularly opened. With but very few exceptions the men who did not sell had the satisfaction of seeing the others wish they had not 'been quite 'so hasty. High as the contracting prices appeared, when compared with those paid later they seemed small. Only one result was to 'be expected-abandonment of the con tracting practice. Fortunately for themselves the sheepmen of the state are so situated that they are not compelled to 'sell in advance, at least not this year. The past season proved exceptionally pro fitable for them and they are not pressed for ready money. Not only did they obtain good prices for their wool, 'but they also fared well on the mutton and sheep market, se they are in excellent shape for the coming sea son. It may happen that here and there one of them is to 'be found who is an exception to the rule, but even he will probably 'be not tempted by an advance on his clip, but will pre fer to borrow what money he may need and take his chances with the others that next year will be a better one than the last. In this conclusion he will be justified by the prospects the future holds out. Were it not al most absolutely certain that wool In 1906 will be much higher than it was in 1905 there would not be the pres ent rush of buyers into the state, eager to close purchases in advance. Statistically wool is strong. The world is without the surplus that ex isted a few years ago and every indi cation points to a shortage next year. Every foreign market of importance is giving unmistakable evidience of greater strength and advances are making in every grade of the staple. These facts are all known to the men of Montana and they are determined to take advantage of them. In this respect they are showing good judg ment, as 'the future will undoubtedly demonstrate. THREATENED TRA'DE DECREASE. Although it seems to 'be taken for granted that congress will not attempt to enact any tariff legislation at the coming session, this does not signify that it will not be asked to do so. The position adopted by Germany as re gards the imposition of higher duties on imports from this country is caus ing apprehension in some quarters. Now comes Canada with a tariff com mission sitting for the purpose of in vestigating 'trade conditions with a view to making recommendation to Iarliament as regards a revision of the dominion's tariff. The manufacturers are to be given an extended hearing and full opportunity to place their views before the commission. They represent an element.that is strongly in favor of a protective tariff, and a high one that will keep out the pro du'cts of the American machine shops and factories. As they hail from that part of the country which is almost in ab,:ioliut control, politically, it is very likeily that their wi.dhes will prevail. In w.-:(:irn Canada, where the farmers are dominant, opposition to any tariff ll.,at will have a teidency to cause an advance in the prices of farming nia chint ry and implements is pronounc ed. For this reason it was requested of the commission that it defer its WVinnipc g session until sometime in Nox ember, as until then the farmers will he too busy to leave their -work, hit. no hI' ed was given to the request and the agrcli lturalists, will have lit lie olq]ortunity to be heard. If 1he anticipated action is takten by the dominion government it is hound to result in a material decrease in the trade this country now has across the border. In retaliation Can ada will blye loser to a considerable ex tent by the diversion of trade that now goes there but this prospect does not sseem to be worrying the Canucks, as has been manifested by their refusal to further consider the matter of reciprocity. They think they are getting to be large and strong enough to take care of themselves. Inasmuch as it has been considered necessary to place Toklo under m*.* tlal law, Mutsuhlteo will hardly dare to accuse the Correpondents of over coloring the situation. DIFFERENCE IS NOTICEABLE. Why it should be so no one has yet cared to explain, but many have no ticed that the burning of American church property in Tokio and the al leged assaults and insults suffered by American citizens in the Japanese capital have not caused a recurrence of the demands for indemnity and sat isfaction that were heard a few years ago when somewhat similar conditions existed in Pekin and other places in the Chinese 'empire. It cannot be that we are more afraid of the little Jap than we were of the lumbering and un wieldy Chinaman. Is it possilble that the sentiment created in his favor dur ing 'the ibrownie's war with Russia is so deeply grounded that we are hesi tant to demand that he shall treat us with the common respect and courtesy that we have a right to expect from him? ,Maybe it is too early yet to expect vigorous and energetic action on the part of Washington, for undoubtedly an investigation is making to deter mine to just what degree we have a cause of complaint against the Jap anese. Whatever the public may want, it is safe 'to assume that in handling the matter 'the men at Wash ington will prove themselves fully equal to the occasion and that none of our rights or privileges will be per mitted to suffer. 'This is an' absolute certainty. Still it is remarkable that there is none of the usual clamor by the 'hasty and impulsive. Not a single demand that a fleet of warships Ibe sent to the Japanese coast has been heard. Still of the opinion that it was un warranted and unwarrantable impu dence and impertinence on the part of President Roosevelt when he made the first move toward bringing the warr ing Russians and Japanese together in an effort to end the war, 'the disgrun tled Anaconda Standard has not seen fit to add its tribute of praise to that accorded him by the other democratic newspapers of the state. For its un gracious conduct in this respect it is taken to task by some of its more lib eral and honest contemporaries shar ing its political faith. The Livingston Post, for instance, charges it with hav ing descended to the level of "peanut" politics and deplores that one demo cratic publication should be found in Montana small enough to prefer that the war had continued, rather than that it should have ceased through the efforts of a reipublican president. Of course, it was an accident, yet the killing of a woman by two men, one of them her husband, near Living ston a few days ago, was marked by carelessness nearer a degree of crim inality than any other recorded in a long time. Without giving a moment's thought and without the slightest at tempt to ascertain whether they were right, they fired simultaneously into a cluster of 'brush because they thought it might conceal a wildcat, having seen the top of some of the shrubbery move. Such thoughtlessness might be excusable in a child, but when exhibit ed by men supposedly possessed of a modicum of common, ordinary sense, it is unpardonable. Having successfully performed his self-appointed task of bringing to a close the most bloody and costly war of modern times, the president is once more busying himself in the matter of another peace conference at The Hague. While all 'the powers appear to be prepared to participate, it should not be taken for granted that all will go there prepared to make moves in the interest and direction of universal peace to the extent dreamed of by the sentimcn:talisits. There will be much talk of peace, but no appreciable de crease in the preparations for war. The day of the world's disarmament is still some distance removed. It is to 'be hoped that 'the disting uished gentlemen who are attempting to settle the question as to whom of them is entitled to fill several of the offices at Albuquerque will not recon sider their resolution to abide by the decision of the court. Such a step down there might be followed by a boom in the business of the under taker and a corres~plondinrg decrease in the population of the territory. Imposing as no doubt they were, the thanksgiving services held at Peterhoff in commemoration of the conclusion of peace with Japan promise to be eclipsed by the ones to follow in honor of the restoration of peace at home, judging from the reports received from various places in the empire. Considering her youth and inexperi ence, Mrs. Jackson of Fort Worth is certainly entitled to at least honorable mention in the competition for suc cessful solution of the problem of race suicide. Since he donned his now famous iron gray wig, Rockefeller probably oonalders himself one of them. Hence the cordiality and attention he be. stowed upon the hmarileta. Very marked is the difference be tween the news coming these days from the respective capitals of Russia and Japan. Notwithstanding the brave talk of the war party a few days ago, the cable brings no information of popular disturbances at Sit. Petersburg to !show disapprovall of the conclusion of peace. Mr. Nolan is another one who seems to entertain a painful distrust of the ability of the Native Son 'to act with absolute fairness ,and impartiality in any matter in ,which one of himself and a fellow from east of the Sierras are involved. Although the assault on American citizens was undoubtedly a serious matter, it is hardly likely to end in a disruption of the friendly relations ex isting between Tokio and Washing ton. PUBLIC PRINT SCANDAL. Minneapolis Journal: It is isome thing more than twenty years since James G. Blaine published a solemn warning against the extravagances of the public printing office, but he plac ed the responsibility for the excesses of this 'bureau where they belong, with congress. The work of the govern ment printing office comes, nearly all of it, directly or indirectly from con gress-directly where congress orders matter which has been brought up in debate to be printed immediately, or indirectly when congress commands an executive department to put some document or other in type. The president can never reform the public printing office without the co operation of congress, and the co-op eration of congress will be hard to get so long as the office pampers the van ity of the congressman. It enables him to print long, dreary documents which, when received (franked) by his constituents, by their very weight con vince that he must 'be a very promi nent man, else he would not have been able to write all that stuff and get it printed. It does not matter that he did no write and probably has never read it. He knows that it is good, as the 'member did who printed Henry George's "Progress and Poverty" in the Record, and that other member who secured the publication of Thom as Jefferson's Testament. These bits of printing have been inveighed against, but it should not be so. They had the merit of being readable, which is more than can be said for nine tenths of the stuff that Uncle Sam laboriously puts in type. So far as the conduct of the office is concerned, 'the president probably can do 'something by changing public printers, by enforcing the rule in re gard to hours of work and by gener ally "jacking up"' the force, but any substantial reduction of the expenses of this bureau must come through congress. TRIBUTE WELL BESTOWED. Baltimore News: As the yellow fe ver in New Orleans and vicinity draws to its probable wane one fact sticks out, and that is that yellow fever, like smallpox, is losing its terrors. From the first the death rate has tbeen re markably low when compared with the scourge of 1878,and the visitation of Norfolk. To date, in 1,878 cases there have been but 271 deaths. How far has the reduction in the death rate been due to progress in medical sci ence and how far to other conditions? In every place where yellow fever has developed careful nursing seems to have been one of the main friends of convalescence. Is not the nurse en titled to a large share of the credit? The doctor would certainly lose none of his glory by its bestowal. Is yellow fever so terrible as it has been thought? In the great plague, so vividly impressed upon the memories of those who were there, the streets were cometeries, dvery passing wagon was a hearse, every house was a house of mourning. It used to be so with smallpox, but that disease has failed to terrify for years, and its chief dread is it repulsiveness. Even the fear of pitmarks has been lessened by the certainty that with proper nursing these will be but slight, if they come at all. What professional nurse does not hait with something of profession al delight an interesting case of ty ph,oid? The rising and falling of the chart, the fascinating changes of con ditions from day to day, seems to have *a subtle charm for the nurse who loves her calling. How long has it been since friends and relatives fled the smallpox with fear and trembling? The leper who shrank by the roadside and warned the world away from his contaminating presence was not more dreaded than the victim of that dis ease which in the years of scientific advancement has dwindled in fearful ness to just the extent that the science of nursing has adyanced. All honor, then, to the nurse. At tack the source, slaughter the stego myla, screen the cisterns, wash the streets, fumigate the trains, quaran tine the boats, burn the bananas, but don't forget the nurse, She brings re lief to the watchers and comfort to the sufferer, and in thousands of cases de cides in his favor the balance of life and death. A PRACTICAL REFORM. Minneapolis Journal: Hereafter the sale of blood-and-'thunder novels' on trains is a thing of the past, so far as trains running into Minneapolis are concerned. The reform, which is an excellent one, ,was very simply 'brought about. The syndlicate which supplies the train boys with their pa 'bulum will no longer distribute the cheap class of novels. The syndicate is a commercial company and in tak ing this advarnced step it probasbly, for a time at least, voluntarily interferes with its own revenues, so it is entitled to commendation for an effort to lift the public taste at its own expen*. The riding public in America will read and it stands to reason that it will read what is furnished it. If only good reading is at hand, good reading will become the rule rather than the exception. There is plenty of light reading which is harmless and there fore no good reason exists -why the companies should insist upon furnish in.g stories which are 'a direct incent ive ,to crime and lawlessness gener ally. IN PLACE OF LOOMIS. Spokesman-Review: While Robert Bacon, President Roosevelt's choice as assistant secretary of state to suc ceed Francis B. Loomis, has been. a prominent figure in the business cir cles of New York, not enough is gen. erally known as to his qualifications for the new position to which he is appointed to justify the passing of judlgment on the appointment. Still it is not difficpit to believe that he will be an improvement upon Mr. Loomis. The country at large 'has never been convinced that justice was done to Mr. Loomis in the Bowen case. Other wise he would not have been contin ued in his position with the additional honor of being sent as a special com missioner to receive the body of John Paul Jones from France. President Roosevelt 'doubtless has his own rea sons for desiring to let Mr. Loomis down as easily as possible and he is certainly doing it. According to latest advices the diplomatic mission which was to fall to the lot of thel assistant secretary seems now unlikely to ma terialize. The new assistant secretary, who it is announced will enter upon his du ties about the 'middle of October, is an unknown quantity to a 'majority of `he people, and appears to have been known to the president only since the settlement of thee anthracite} coal strike a 'few years ago. He ably rep. resented the coal barons at that time, and it is characteristic of Mr. Roose velt that he should then have picked out Mr. Bacon for an official position. As first assistant secretary of state duties of a most important nature will devolve upon him. The appointment is made with the hearty concurrence of 'Secretary Root. COST OF FOREST FIRES. New York Sun: A million dollar fire in a lumber yard excites public attention and comment from Maine to California. Few pay attention to the $25,000,000 worth of lumber annually destroyed in the United States by for est fires. The price of 'beef, gas and railway rates is a permanent topic of active discussion and controversy. Few give any heed to the .recent enor mous increase in the cost of lumber or to the danger of an early exhaus ,tion of our forest resources. HE IS. Philadelphia Record: The Indian is assuredly acquiring civilization. Forty years ago the Sioux were the scourge of the nortlhwest. The other day the greater part of the 'tri'be assembled to honor Missionary Bishop Hare on the occasion of 'his retirement. And that terrible old Apache, Geronimo, is a communicant in the Reformed church. lHunters and Sportsmen, ATTENTION! We carry in stock a fine line of Shot Guns and Rifles and other Sportsmen's Goods. Full supply of f'resh Ammuni tion, the best on the market. Shot iuns For Rent. For Repairing of Guns and Rifles Call on us. Expert Gunsmiths. BEHRENDT BROS. Mutual Phone 2o0 24 N. 29 St. Austin North BILLINGS, MONTANA A private financial Institution for the accumulation of savings and the lending thereof to aid in the develop. moen of the Yellowstone valley. Transacts a General Banking Business. -ustin North, Cashier. WV. W. Beeman, Aaeletant Cashier.