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CREAT STATE YELLOWSTONE COUNTY IS THE GARDEN SPOT. SO WRITES CHICAGO EDITOR D. H. Anderson of the Irrigation Age, Particularly Impressed on Visit Here. D. H. Anderson, editor of the Irri gation Age, published in Chicago, a gentleman who has made irrigation a study and the subject of many able articles within the past five years, spent Saturday and Sunday in this city, examining in detail the projects in this vicinity. While here Mr. Anderson was taken in charge by W. T. Clark and I. D. O'Donnell and it is safe to say that he gathered sufficient data from these gentlemen to write up a good story on Billings and the productiveness of the Billings bench and the Yellowstone valley. Mr. Anderson visited Montana only a short time ago and following are some of the good things he had to say of the state in general and Yel lowstone county in particular, in his paper: "In all the large scope of the na tional irrigation projects, under the present laws, no state or territory of fers such magnificent opportunities, with such certain and splendid results to follow the work, as does Montana. There are three important factors to bring these results, which are not pos sessed in such large measure by any other section. These are almost un limited areas of arid or semi-arid lands, which under the inspiration of irrigation will become the most pro ductive acres in the universe; second, an almost unlimited supply of avail able water (sufficient to reclaim 10, 000,000 acres running to waste in the state, according to the estimates of experts); and, third, an almost unlim ited home market for all the products that can be raised when these mil lions of acres are reclaimed and made to produce. This is a combination which, as said before, can be found in no other section of the country. Of the 1,455,000 square miles of territory within the boundaries of Montana but a small fraction has been brought un der cultivation. Immense areas are made available for grazing, and the cattle and sheep industries of the state rank among the first in the coun try. Yet several million acres of land can be reclaimed without at all inter fering with these industries. In fact, irrigation will prove a benefit to them in many ways, and the stocktien, who are popularly supposed to be opposed to any change from the old-time condi tions, are heartily in favor of the largest possible reclamation of the arid and semi-arid lands. More and more are they coming to aprpeciate the benefits of a large and cheap sup ply of winter feed, and to see that with smaller farms cultivated and "finish ed" cattle shipped direct to market, their profits would be increased, and the percentage of losses will be appre ciably smaller. The large mining population of the state makes a good market for pro ducts, which now have to be very largely imported. It s estimated that at least $5,000,000 annually go out of the state for vegetables, fruit, dairy, poultry and hog products, which ought to be produced within the state. It is the old story of the man with 5,000,000 head of cattle, who was buy ing his butter and bacon and eggs at the nearest market town. The reports of the agricultural de partment of the government show that the soil of Montana, under irri gation, will 1produce a larger amount than in any other state; add to this the advantages of voracious home markets and the benefits that will fol low the working of an irrigated farm in this state are evident. There are in the state, as the result of private enterprise, nearly 1,000,0)00 acres of land that have been r(eclaimed, and the fortunate owners of these acres have nothing to complain of. They are prosperous to a degree. It must not appear from this that the state of Montana is entirely arid. T'Ihere are hundreds of thousands of nacre. in different sections of the state t!, :t grow bounteous croeps without the :i:l of irrigaticln. Valley and bench hln.ls in Fergues county, for inltanlc.e, y.eow 45 bushels of wheat per cor-, without irrigation. \Vegetables and othor- crop s are as successfully raised in that see tipn and in others. In the Fllathead country, inl the extreme niorthwestern corner of the state, as fine fruit as can be found in the world is grown, with immense cr'ops of grain and vegetables and hay. In the famous Bitter Root valley fine fruit and vegetables are grown, and in the Gallatin valley the finest wheat and barley in the world are produced, with immense crops of hay and alfalfa. The latter yieldls three crops a year. aggregating five tons to the acre, selling in the stack at from $3.50 to $4.50 per ton, yield ing to the grower a fine profit. An immense trade has been built up by the farmers in winter feeding of cattle and sheep, thus making a market at their own stacks. Potatoes yield from 300 to 500 bushels per acre, and as high as 1,213 bushels have been produced on an acre of ir rigated land. Yet it is estimated that 5,000 tons of potatoes a year are im ported into the state. The present projects under consld -ation by the federal government lea to the reclamation of over 1,000, W aorem of land in Montana. These eonajse six large enterprises in varl u atisans of the state, and the pre Sw baawork has been eommenced a, •tbemi The Madison river s emlbed, will divert the Mattade river to reelaim aorem of lad la the aM P*(t Pear valleys, including a strip at least 100 miles long from the head waters of the Missouri to an dincluding the Prickley ena, the capital of the state. This ent, the capital of the state. This vast area is more accessible to the railways than any other in the state, lying on both sides of the Northern Pacific and in sight of it the entire distance, and beang at the doors of the two great markets of the state, Helena and Butte. These lands when reclaimed will be the most productive and most valuable of any in the north west, owing to contiguity to markets and the demand and prices for their products. The other projects under way are the Milk river canal, which will re claim 250,000 acres in northern Mon tana, and will prove of inestimable benefit to that section of the state, as well as to the immense stock inter ests which have their flocks and herds in that section, affording winter feed for cattle and sheep. The Sun river project will reclaim 200.'00 acres in middle northern Montana, and in ad dition to this the Conrad project in the vicinity north of Great Falls will reclaim at least 100,000 acres, a por tion of the lands already being under ditch. In eastern Montana three projects are under way, the Glendive-Buford, which will reclaim 190,0(0 acres most ly in Montana and a small portion in North Dakota. Another project is un der way which will reclaim 40,000 acres near Billings, called the Huntley flats project and the reclamation of a large portion of the Crow reserva tion, which is to be thrown open to settlement in the near future, as soon as the surveys can be made. Witlh these great projects the popu lation of Montana will be trebled in the near future. The lands reclaimed will be sold to actual settlers in small tracts, which will result in small farms, more productive than any in the country, which under the stimu lus of home markets for their entire products will prove unusually profit able. Fruit, vegetables, hay, grain, alfalfa, dairy, hog and poultry pro ducts will find a market right at home and thus the millions of dollars annu ally sent out of the state for these products will be kept at home, while the miners and mechanics of the state will secure the advantages of lower prices than are now paid for the imported articles. People from the east and middle west who are thinking of changing their residence can do no better than to thoroughly investigate the possi bilities and advantages in Montana. They will find an equable climate, with no sudden changes; bright and exhilerating weather, immunity from severe storms in winter and summer, and all conditions favorable for the making of happy homes and the build ing up of a prosperous community. KNOWS GOOD THING. Thermopolis Wants to Be Seat of Land Drawing. Thermopolis, Wyo., Sept. 19.-The Commercial club of this city has start ed a petition asking the interior de partment to hold the drawings for homesteads on the Wind river reser vation at this place. Geographically, Thermopolis has advantages which will probably land it the plum. The petition will be forwarded to W. A. Richards, commissioner of the general land office. BIG RESERVOIR PLANNED. Company Organized to Carry Out Huge Irrigation Project. Sheridan, Wyo., Sept. 19.-Plans have been completed for the construc tion of a large storage reservoir on Cross creek, in the Big Horn moun tains, for the irrigation of 5,000 acres of land lying near Sheridan. A Colo rado company, assisted by local busi ness and ,rofessional men, is behind the scheme. The ccst of the dam will not be great, as it will be constructed of logs and roek found at the site. The dam will be 25 feet high, 290 feet long, and whel: the reservoir is full it will cove: 125 acres. It is believed the use of this v. ater late in the summer will result in the growing of larger crops in this vicinity, and will bring much prosperity to this section. OFFICIAL PROCEEDINGS Of the Board of County Commission ers, Yellowstone County. Special Meeting. Billings, Mont., Sept. 2, 1905. The board met this day in special session, tiursuant to notice by publi cation, for-the lIpurpse of receiving bids on Junction Bridge Bdnds, all members and the clerk being in at t dlance. 'lThe minutes of the previous m:let n- were read and allpproved. The affidavits of the publishers hav iia been filed as proof of publication , notice of bond sale for the time re ,:(led by law, and the state board of 1:ld commissioners havina declined to bid on the bonds in behalf of the state, and the county attorney having filed his written opinion approving the legality of the proceedings of the county commissioners in connection with said issue of bonds; and the clerk having stated to the board that due notice of sale and transcript of proceedings, together with certificate showing amount of taxable property in and in'-ebtedness against Yellow stone county had been furnished the state board of land commissioners, as required by law, and the hour of 12 o'clock, noon, having arrived, the board proceeded to open the following bids for the purchase of $35,000 Junc tion Bridge Bonds: N. W. Halsey & Co., Chicago, ac companied by certified check for $1,750, par; county to pay $340 for blank bonds and legal expenses in connection. E. H. Rollins & Sons, Denver, ac companled by certified check for $1,750, par; county to pay $700 for blank bonds and legal expenses in connection. Upon motion by Commissioner Ja cobs, seconded by Commissioner Dev erill, the $35,000 Junction Bridge Bonds were awarded to N. W. Halsey & Co. No other business appearing, the board adjourned. Approved: W. O. PARKER, Attest: Chairman. J. W. FISH, Clerk. ARE DENIER OF ACTIVITY TERRITORY WOOLS HOLDING THE BOSTON MARKET. ALL WANT TO CONTRACT Buyers in the Field Eager for Closing Advance Sales-Little Mon. tana Left. During the past week a moderate business has been done, with the bulk of activity centered in territory wools. All grades of these wools have moved steadily, mostly in smaller lots than heretofore, but some sizeable transac tions are reported. Dealers encoun ter no trouble in making sales and their stocks are in such a diminished state that even if concessions were insisted upon, they could complacently lay back and await the coming around of manufacturers to their views, says the Boston Commercial Bulletin. Stocks of Montana Small. The wools from Montana have felt the ceaseless demand to such an ex tent that supplies are extremely small, although some may 'be obtained for a while yet, but the 'choicest lots have been eliminated from possible purchase. One of the largest dealers in territory wools says: "i have not a pound of Montana left, and as a mat ter of fact, I have been .leaned out for some little time." There is a greater supply of Wyo ming, Idaho and Utah wools to be had, but even in these the nicer clips are sold. Stocks of Oregon are very limit ed, good staple having brought as high as 27c. In fact, all wools are in light supply, particularly good medium grades, and one bull goes so far as to say that 80 per cent of the clip is sold. .Some exceptionally fine lots of Wyo ming rettized as high as 28c and even, in some instances, 30c, but the average price has Ibeen around 26c. In all sales, however, full prices have been paid. The wools have Ibeen sent out, both in original bags and graded. Eager to Contract Reports continue to be heard that contracting for 'the 1906 clip is still being done, but it is understood that while contracting ils going on in 'Mon tana, Wyoming, Idaho and Utah, the amounts coralled are comparatively small. One 'large Boston firm is re ported to have been recently contract ing in the .first named state around Malta and Saco at about 22c, but owing to the determined at titude of growers, who are asking 24c to 25c, the chances are that the buying ahead will not assume any consider a"ble magnitude. In Utah early cdntracting has been done at 18%c and up until 20@22c has been reached. The clips contract ed within 'the past two months, it is understood, only aggregate 1,500,000 pounds, at the range of 18'4@22c. There is a lively disposition on the part of buyers to do further contract ing if growers will unbend on prices, but they are 'holding off for 24@25c. Some contracting has also been ac complished at 22@23c, price's being asked, which, it is said 'by another well known dealer, are above what could 'be realized for them on this market if they were now here. At these 'high values, with the new clip eight or nine months away, and con siderable money tied up for that period, extensive contracting is now heeled to be a sheer gamble. However if growers modify their demands it is quite probaible that it may show more general activity. American Heavy Buyer. It is reported that the American Woolen company has placed an order for 10,000 bales of South American wool in round lots at about 23c, with two prominent Boston houses. This, however, is not unusual, and only amounts to 9,000,000 pounds, which is a four months' supply of that wool for the Washington mills, 'the first shipl ment will reach them in December and the last in May. The same company was in the St. Louis market the 'last part of last week, anld purchased a large lot of Soda Springs medium territory at, it is uniderstood, 28c. The Mills. Business is very good on worsteds, but those who have tried to place duplicate orders have been unable'to do so at the present time. It is thought that the mercerized goods, which do, not give much satisfaction, will not become favorites, but that the demand will run to woolens. The woolen mills are receiving more orders and are consequently showing more activi ty. Foreign Markets. The strength which the end of the war accentuated in all the foreign mar kets is retained, and indications point to higher prices at the sales which open next Tuesday, not only on the fine wools but the low ones as well. Brad ford mills are short of stock, and will, it is understood, Iresent lively compe tition, and if necessary pay high pric es, because they must have raw ma terial to work on. This series of auc tions is momentous, even though se lections are poor and offerings small, because it will . undoubtedly have a sympathetic effect on the Melbourne sales, which will open in about two months. It is said that the Boston market will not be as quickly affeoted by advances as the Australian, because the former responds to a decline quicker than to an advance. As far as is known, only three Boeton deail ers have gone to London for the saies, and as there is but a emall amount of the offerings asutrible for this eoultr7 It is doubtful it nmuch American buying will be done. On the other hand, it is im.possible to say -what may turn up to induce buying on the part of Ameri cans. The offerings are, according to a late cable, albout 75,000 bales, with 1800 Punta Arenas additional. Private sales of merinos have been made since the close of the last series, at advanc ed prices. The auctions "close on Sep temnber 29. The sale of East Indian wools op ens on the 19th also, with offerings of 29,394 bales. Some dealers look for advances, while others expect a de clfine, but the majority seem to think that present rates will be sustained at the least. Interest is anticipated rather from the English buyers than the Americans. Sihrops'hires and Staf fords have, withip a few days, had an advance of one-4falf penny. All mills on the Continent are in the same predicament as the English ones, that is, they are very short of wool. In fact, they are so much in need of sup plies in France that they are working on odds and ends. Through the kind ness of Flipo & Segard, we present a cable dispatch on the opening of the Antwerp auctions: "The Antwerp auctions of River Plate wools opened September 13, with a large attendance, English buyers very numerous, and ex cellent competition on crossbreds. Prices have advanced five per cent since last sales." These auctions ,last only two or three days. The advance of five ,per cent over February and March rates makes 10 per cent since the opening of the latter auctions. It is said by one dealer in South Ameri can wools, that these advances will not make buying in the markets of the Argentine any easier. A cable from Buenos Aires states that the new clip will ;be larger in quantity and of better quality than last year. It is expected that shear ing, which is probably going on in the northern part of the Argentine now, will have progressed enough to admit of wool buying around the first of Oc tober. Holders still refuse 'to do any material selling yet, in many cases, declining to consider offers for wool ,before it is shorn. Shearing will be in full swing within 'two weeks, un less (heavy rains prevent. Territory Rules Strong. 'Territory Wools-The call for good staple has continued, and clothing has I also sold. Supplies are getting low, with the better lots already passed from the dealers' hands. 'Choice me-. dium Wyoming has brought from 28 @30c, and medium 24c, and Montanas 1 28@29c. 'The higher grades are I strong, territory staple fine being quoted at 76@78c, 70@73c 'for fine me dium and 65@68c for med'ium. Fine ordinary is 'held at 73@75c and fine medium 68@72c. Texas, Oregon and California. Texas wools have not had a large movement, but some sales have taken place at 25@26c for eight months, and 12 months at 26@27c. The short wools have, owing to 'the call from 'some woolen mills, become a little in teresting to consumers. Oregon wool is very limited in sup ply, 'but the demand is active. Good staple has sold at as high as 27c in the grease. No. 1 staple is quoted at 73@75c and No. 1 clothing 70@72c. Valley No. 1 is at 60@62c, No. 2 57@ 58c and No. 3 54@C)5c. California Wools-Some wools are l now moving, the demand for short wools having picked up a little. North ern commands 28c, Southern 21@22c 1 and middle 24@25c. Sales of the new I fall wool have been made in California at high prices, some free clips of wool costing 65c landed clean. Receipts and Shipments. Boston's receipts of wool for the week ending September 14, inclusive, I consisted of 3,069,382 pounds domes- I tic and 844,865 pounds foreign, a total of 3,914,247 pounds. For the corres ponding week last year 'they were 2, 576,708 pounds domestic and 1,646,041 pounds foreign. Total, 4,222,749 pounds. Up to and including Septem ber 14 the year's receipts aggregated 278,319,813 ,pounds, of which 147,574, 709 pounds were domestic and 130, 745,104 pounds foreign. During t'he corresponding period in 1904 the re cei'pts were 176,890,015 pounds domes tic and 82,076,469 pounds foreign, mak ing a total of 258,966,484 pounds. The ,shipments for the week ending September 14, inclusive, totaled 5,781, 855 pounds, as against 6,767,651 pounds for the corresponding week last year. Since December 29, 1904, 'the total of all shipments has been 171.831.356 pounds. For the corres ponding period last year the totwl was 160,194,868 pounds. Excess of receipts over shipments to date, 1905, 106,486,457 pounds. Excess of receipts over 'shipments to date, 1904, 98,771,616 pounds. INDIANS WERE DRUNK. Three Crows, One a Woman. Are In the City Jail. From Wednesday's Daily. I-:,gh Lider and wife and Ben Gard ner. all Crow Indians from the Pryor agency, who came here to atten 1 the fair, are in jail on a charge of drunk enness. There is also confined in the same jail one Bessie Williams, a ne gro woman, who is charged with sup plying the Indians with firewater. The Crows were camped on the flats immediatey in the rear of the redlight district. Last night they spent the evening in their tepee and had one of the most sociable times of their lives. The Liders were enter taining Gardner in approved style. Mrs. Lider furnished the money to Bessie Williams, who transported to the tepee numerous foaming tankards of pale beer. The Idians love beer and would drink it regularly at their 6 o'clock dinners if the government had not thrown so many obstacles in the way of their procuring it. But Bessie didn't care for the obstacles, in fact, it is doubtful if she knew of their existence, and as long as the Indian woman furnished the money she kept the crowd in beer. All of them finally became drunk and began to shout and yell and sing war songs. People in the neighbor hood complained and the police arrest ed the entire party. The Williams woman will probably have to face a charge in the United States courts. Chief Mowre wired Major Reynolds, the Crow agent, this morning, telling him of the arrest, and RRrtt.--rr., t rl t tr ttr tt!TltlrtrtrlrT11r TTrrrt TrTTrTTrrrti, FOR FARM LOANS ! CALL WO OR WRITE TO " R. H. Vermiye Room 24 (iruwell Building ,_ 0 NO DELAY. NO SENDING AWAY APPLICATIONS FOR APPROVAL. L. H, FENSKE, DEALER N holesale WINES, LIQUORS and CIGARS. Sole Agent for VAL, BLATZ and BUDWEISER BEER. BILLINGS, MONTANA. an answer came from him to hold the Indians and the party who furnished them the liquor. SHEEP AT HIGH PRICES. The Louis Lehfeldt Lamb Sell at $3.30 Per Head. From Wednesday's Daily. A. C. Logan, the sheep broker, sold Monday night about 4,000 lambs of Louis Lehfeldt's raising to Denman & Lawson of Indiana, at the high price of $3.30 per head. Mr. Logan purchas ea the lambs only a few days before for Rea Bros., and sold them again at a nice profit for Mr. Rea and inci dentally a very comfortable commis sion for Mr. Logan. Mr. Logan sold another good bunch last night. The buyers were Cowan Bros. of Joliet and they bought 2,400 ewes of Mr. Logan at $3.50 per head. Sheep are also still going into the Chicago market quite rapidly. Yester day Rea Bros. loaded 28 cars at Gala ta, on the Great Northern railway, and this morning the same firm loaded 36 cars at Forsyth. Cattle shipments for the past three days have been as follows: S. R.Mil-, ler, 40 cars from Custer station. Os car Stevens, 40 cars from Custer sta tion, and John T. Murphy, 34 cars from the same station. A HOT FOOT RACE. Charley Schneider Defeats a Fleet footed Fargoite. From Wednesday's Daily. A red hot foot race was run on Montana avenue at 8:30 o'clock last evening between Charles Schneider of this city and White, a fast man from the village of Fargo, in North Dakota. It is said that the Fargo man came west to pick up a little "easy money," but he bumped up against a snag when he struck Schneider, and $50 of his good coin went into Mr. Schnei der's possession. It was a tight race, however, as the local man only de feated him about six inches. It is reported that there is some dispute as to who won the race, but Mr. Schneider was given the stakes at the outcome and in order to satisfy any one who has any doubts of his ability to outrun the Fargo gentleman he au thorizes The Gazette to announce that he will .post $250 and run him 100 yards at any time or place he chooses. RAM OFFERINGS. BY THE ESCALIER SHEEP CO. SUNNYSIDE, MONT. .4,,5" ,f ESCALIER LAMBS Aid YEARLING RAMS The Fall offerings of this Company will be ready for the inspection of intending purchasers on or about Sept. 5, 1905, at Sunnyside, Mont. Fourteen yearlings sold by this Company last fall to Pii+lip Chevalier, of Helena, of lot exhibited at the State Fair, sheaxed by hand this sum mer as two-year-olds, an average of 26 pounds--individual shearing run ning from 24 to 33 pounds. Offerings by Sun River Stock & Land Co., SUNNYSIDE, I1ONTANA. About 500 head of April ram lambs, sired by selected thoroughbred Cotswold rams and out of large, smooth, heavy-shearing ewes. Also about 200 head of French Merino and Spanish Merino rams, two, three and four years old And about 11,000 breeding ewes, from yearlings to six years. These ewes, including the yearlings, averaged ten pounds each this year's shearing, and netted the company about 24%c. per pound. For particulars inquire of A. C. LOGAN, Billings, or write C. B. POWER, Sunnyside, or Helena, Montana. Sunnyalde is 14 miles west of Great Falls, and can be reached by stage from Great Falls, or by Mont ana and Great Northern trains. J. F. KELLEY EMPLOYM9LNT AGENCY. No. 9, S. 28th St. Bell Phone 73 B Mutual Phone 363 BILLINGS, MONTANA. Stockwell Employment Barran Oldest Agency in Billings 2606 flontana Ave. Bell 89-M - - - Mutua No Charge for Hale Help YELLOWSTONE NURSERY. 25 Mil0 S. W. of Billings. Established 1898. 75,000 HOME GiROWN TREES OF TESTED AND PROVED VARITI ES. Orchards Planted and Cared for On Contract. No Payment Till Trees Grow. 0. S. CItLCOTT, Prop. Rockvale, Mont.