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The 13B1i1ngs Gazette.
szette Printing Company, Publishers Issued Semi-Weekly. TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS. Subscription Rates. e year, in advance............. 3.UO months....................1.50 tered at the Billings Postofice as Second Class Matter. Tuesday, October 17, 1905. A NATIONAL DISGRACE. klmost daily incidents transpire and ters are brought to public knowl 'e showing the imperative neces for a change in the affairs of ,ska. Laws are passed for the bene of the Philippines, the Porto Ric and the people of far off Guam, e Alaska, a part of the mainland Ethe country, is neglected, overlook Sand ignored. Conditions little re ,ved from anarchy are permitted to ast there year after year, with no '1nifest evidence of desire on the o't of congress to make any improve . Ints. alhe latest proof of the deplorable matters are permitted to pass i*dre is furnished in the statement of tor George B. Gordon, an eminent 8eentist, who has just returned from ska, .where he spent July and Au it and traveled over 3,000 miles and 4ited a half hundred tribes of Atha a can Indians of the interior and any Eskimos along the coast. :lear what the doctor says: oThe most vicious elements of white eaenturers, gamblers and robbers i working among these races, and hair doom is sealed. They do not lie re gamble or assault and beat each ter or murder; are literally free m crime, gentle, kind, hospitable, ppless prey to the mining camp ad Iturers, the gamblers and whiskey ders. The work of assassination of 5shelpless race is almost complete. -t to every conceivable wrong add gI, utter impossibility of their get t lg any justice or appealing to any nerican governmental power for tection, and you have the state of ngs in Alaska." sked as to what basis of informa ne of this government had, the doc replied none. he good people who think that the rssionaries who labor in that remote -t of the world are the agents of civi ation and regeneration they pretend "be will undoubtedly be shocked by alat further Doctor Gordon had to ,: "With a few honorable excep rns, the missionaries are there un the mask of the gospel to share e spoils of exploitation and race ex hnmination. What would you expect r missionaries who go there poor d come back rich, some of them hn to live in Fifth avenue, New hrk, and are elected bank directors." A~ severe arraignment of both gov iment and missionaries, you will H', yet, accepting as true the asser nas in respect of both that Doctor frirdon makes, you will also be con Siained to admit that it is justified. 'But Doctor Gordon was not through rh the government in the first para ph taken from his statement. He her said: 'The whole of what there is of ite man's government there is ab autely to promote the interests of e white man, with no protection 4atever for the rights of the Indians d. Eskimo tribes. They have no po e. Our nation is solemnly pledged by ;aty to give those people govern 9Bntal protection. She leaves them a :y to every outrage of the white .n's invention, cunning, greed and Fusion. On top of this the more re 'rseless operation of economic laws .-inst their health and life." %fhis is not the first time that men dsthe responsibility and standing of Vector Gordon have raised their voices e protest against the outrageous .nner in which the affairs of Alaska administered. Protest and remon .ance all have been unavailing, and travesty of a nation governing a rt of its territory as the United jtes pretends to govern Alaska con ues. It is the duty of congress to iedy the situation, and to longer 'lect that duty is to bring further e and disgrace upon the nation. ska should be given a territorial i of government, and the federal ernment should give the same tection and shelter to the starving ves that it has extended to those other parts of the country. Politics st no longer be permitted to play part it has to obstruct the orderly gress of things and to keep in lor, wretchedness and degrada~ a territory pIossessing the possi. ties of our northernmost posession. IOLATION OF HIGHER LAW. ndoubtedly they are justified by a t interpretation of the law, but _ consideration of humanity re Sagainst the action of the cor. missioners of Dawson county in refus ing to render assistance to an unfor tunate man who met with an accident just across the Dakota line by which he suffered the loss of both feet and who was brought to Glendive as the nearest place where he could receive the surgical attention necessary to save his life. The poor, mangled and supposedly fatally injured fellow was permitted to lie unattended and un eared for because the county attorney advised the commissioners that Daw son county was not liable and that under the law they were not expected to give aid to a man not a citizen and who was injured in another state. But for the kindness of a doctor, who per sonally assumed charge of the man, and besides giving him the attention needed placed him in a private hos pital, where he now remains, unlucky, forsaken Carlson would have died like some wild beast. As before said, the commissioners may have acted in accordance with the law, but it is safe to say that had they responded to the promptings of decency and humanity, not a person in Dawson county would have been found to utter a word in protest. It is hard to believe that such things can happen in Montana. THE WESTERN HOMESEEKER. Among the new journalistic ven tures of the state is the Western Homeseeker, a monthly magazine published at Missoula, the initial num ber of which is at hand. The mission of the Homeseeker is best explained in the introductory by its editor: "The 'mission' of the 6 Western Homeseeker is to keep pace with the varying and recurring opportunities by an intelligent effort to show the stranger, looking for better conditions than he now enjoys, where specific opporunity peculiarly exists for him opportunity that fits each individual case." If the first number is to be ac cepted as a criterion, then the Home seeker is certainly destined to fulfill its errand. It is filled with matter of the kind that is bound to appeal to the discriminating seeker after the truth as regards the region in which it is published. Typographically and editorially the new publication is exceptionally good, and the amount of truthful informa tion it contains is the best evidence of the desire of the publishers to do what they announce is their purpose, place the resources and opportunities of Montana before the world. FACTOR OF OUR GREATNESS. Globe Democrat: In many places in the United States, including St. Louis, some of the Americans of German birth have been celebrating the anni versary of the landing of the first col ony from their fatherland in the .Unit ed States. This took place on Octo ber 6, 1683, when Francis Daniel Pas torius, at the head of a company of German immigrants, landed near Philadelphia and laid out the settle ment named Germantown, which is now in Philadelphia's city limits. They were welcomed by William Penn and became of a very valuable addition to the colony of that empire builder. From that day, nearly two and a quarter centuries ago, the Germans have been a very important ingredi ent of the American population. Uncle Sam's census takers in 1900 found 2,669,164 persons of German birth re siding in the United States. No other country has made such a large contri bution to the population of the United States, as measured by this standard. The British islands in the earlier day furnished the bulk of the population of the United States, and they are very large contributors to its immigra tion still. Ireland, the second on the roll, was represented in 1900 by 1,619, 469 persons, England with 843,491 the English-speaking Canadians with 787, 798, and the French Oanadians with 395,427. In all of America's wars, from the revolution to that against Spain in 1898, the citizens of German nativity or descent figured prominently and creditably. Their participation in the war of 1861-65 was a factor of large consequence in the preservation of the nation. They were in the advanced line among the pioneers who carried the banner of American civilization to the Pacific and to the islands of the sea. In every large enterprise and activity in the life of the country this virile race has been conspicuous. They have been among the most pro minent and most successful of the ex ponents of the arts and sciences in the United States. The halbits and ideals of our people, particularly throughout the west, have been influ enced in a powerful degree by this element of the community. The Ger man is a very large and potent in gredient in that racial composite which figures under the designation of Amiuerican. CONTROL OF CANAL WORK. Spokesman-R(-vi-w: The announce ec. intention of .eo'.tIary of War Taft to visi~t Panama and ahil( direct con tlr)i of the consl trullci( o of the isth mian canal is a good one. It is not assumed that Mr. Taft is more qualio fled than Chairman Shouta or Chief ·----o .1 Engineer Stevens, but it is highly es sential that there should be one su preme head, in an executive position in the government, and an engineer ing project naturally comes under the jurisdiction of the secretary of war. The people are considerably at sea as to the status of work on the canal. The canal commissioners are attend ing to the duties devolving upon them, the chief engineer is attending to his branch of the work, the consulting engineers are looking over the ground to obtain information on which to base a recommendation for a lock ca nal or a sea level waterway, laborers are being taken to the works, the pur chase of commissary supplies is excit ing consideraible lively comment, and James J. Hill continues to attack the whole enterprise. Various reports have come from time to time as to conditions in the canal zone and come of these have quickly been followed: by contradic tnons, leaving a very confused idea of the actual situation. While it is un doubtedly expedient to insure the best quality of work by avoiding un due haste, there is danger that a lot of valuable time may be wasted un less the whole work is centralized un der one head, with full authority and without interference. BRIGHT LIGHT GOES OUT. But' recently the pleasure-loving world was grieved by the statement that Sir Henry Irving had decided to permanently retire from the stage and in a few months enter upon the rest he felt he had earned after a half century's hard and conscientious work behind the footlights. Regret was felt that by his retirement the world would lose the one who was generally con ceded to be its greatest actor. Now comes the word of his sudden and un expected death, his answer to the final summons from a stage manager whom none may disobey. The rest on earth to which he looked forward has been denied him; in its place he has been called to the eternal rest. Sir Henry was the most able and most popular player England has pro duced within the memory of any liv ing at present. Through his several appearances on the American stage he became known to the people of the new; -\orld. As an artist he was held in no less esteem by them than by those on the other side. To his own people he was better known as the man. As both he was loved and ad mired. His personality compelled re epect, while. his genius and brilliant ability compelled admiration for the actor. He was not a creature of fortune so far as his professional success and standing were concerned. Difficulties beset him at the beginning of his ca reer that would have proved insur mountable to any one but him. Na ture endowed him with defects that would have deterred almost any other from even attempting what he suc cessfilly accomplished. By dint of sheer determination, unconquerable will and perseverance he forced praise where first only ridicule was heard. From the very fot of the ladder he climbed to the dizzy heights of success. He became the idol of a people, the favorite of royalty. In reward for his masterful work on the stage and the new honor he brought to it he was knighted by Queen Victorio. a dis tinction given to no other Thespian in modern times. His love for hie art caused him to stop at no sacrifice if he thought that thereby it could be brought into higher regard. Unlike a majority of the famous and really great actors he did not seek to shine by contrast. For this reason he was never known to surround himself with an inferior company. Only the very best men and women that could be secured" found place in any company with which he was connected. No de tail of costuming or stage setting was considered too trifling to be overlook ed. Everything had to be historically and artistically correct, every produc tion finished. The stage has lost its dean and one of its brightest stars. A VIRILE AMERICAN. Others have expressed the same sen timent and conveyed the same im pression, but it remained for "Hink Dink," otherwise the Honorable Mi chael McKenna, alderman from the "Foist' ward, Chicago, to tell in the vernacular how he was impressed by a recent visit to Europe, and in the picturesque language of the circles in which he shines a bright and particu lar light draw comparison between the places he visited and those of his own, his native land. Mr. McKenna is intensely patriotic. The patryonimic he bears suggests that, and especially does his patriotism manifest itself in the superlative degree when in any manner the United States and Eng land are involved. As was due a man of his importance and distinction, Mr. McKenna was in terviewed by all of the Chicago pa pers as soon as it was shown thai he had returned. First of all thie Hon orable "lilnky Dink" aInid particular emphasis upon the fervor of his Amr or-lcanism before his deparllture for for eigln lands ntlid urrsrtl that ias a w: sis for emplhaaizing the increased irt,, sity of pride hre felt in his own coiun try by reason of the opportunity af forded by the trip to see others and compare them with the one to which he owes allegiance. He said: "I don't see where Europe has any thing on this country. I wouldn't set tle down in any part of it if they made me king. Chicago is good enough for me. I am glad I saw Eu rose, And saw it right. Now I'm bet. ter able to appreciate my own coun try." This should be a lesson to the blase fellow citizens of Mr. McKenna, who annually go abroad and then come back complaining of the lack of this or that in the United States and telling how much better things are in "Yurrope." Mr. McKenna's interview is too long to permit reproduction of it in its en tirety, consequently only a few ex tracts from it may be given. They are sufficient, however, to enable those who have never been there to form a tolerably corect idea of how things look to a genuine American citizen, who is proud of being such. Here are a few sentences culled from a num ber of the most striking ones: "The tower of London and the Brit ish museum are especially fine for those who like that kind of game but my life is too short to spend any time looking at old junk. "I also took a flyer out to Strat ford-on-Avon, to see where Shakes peare was born. It's a nice little town, but there's nothing to be seen there. "You can't buy an ice cream soda in London. On the square, the women folks hunted everywhere for a week, and finally they found a place where they sold something that looked like a soda, but it was all fizz. "It was a funny snap to see the people in London rushing through the streets with a leg of mutton or a hot roast, which they were taking home from the bakeshop. The women in London must be bum cooks. "What do you think of a town with 400 bridges and not a swing bridge in the bunch? That's Venice. Give me the Madison street bridge in Chicago, and they can have the Rialto and all the rest of 'em. "Venice is a tough town for saloon keepers. If a man gets full in your place you've got to see him safely home. That means you've got to do the gondolier act with a drunken man rocking the boat. "Yellowstone park knocks the spot off anything Europe can show. They've got nothing to touch Niagara Falls, and the Husdon river has got the Rhine and Danube skinned four ways from the jack. "I don't see anything so great about an Italian sunset. When the sun sinks down in the Pacific way out beyond the Golden gate, it beats all the Ital ian sunests that ever came over. "The Campus Martius in Rome is a busy place, but it ain't one. two, nine with South Water street, Chicago. "Piccadilly and the Strand in Lon don are swell business sections, and so is the Under den Linden, Berlin; but little old Broadway, New York, has got 'em all faded. T''he Pantheon and the Catacombs are amon. the greatest sights of Eu rope. That kind of stuff don't make much of a hit with me, but I can see how people who like it go oughouse. I saw the tomb where Augustus, one of the Roman emperors, is buried. 'Gus' has been planted about 1,900 years, and yet people who never knew him visit his gl ave." ITS LATST APPLICATION. Much and often very proper fault has been found during the last few years with the invokement of the in junction and the readiness of the courts in granting it in cases where i: seemed that application of it was direct contravention of the spirit and purpose of the institution. Very often it has appeared that resort to it was had in a manner seriously interfering with the rights and liberties guaran teed under the constitution, thereby making it an instrument of downright oppression, but it has remained for an Ohio court to grant an injunction which in essence practically makes for slavery. The person enjoined is restricted feom leaving the employ of a .concern and entering that of another offering him higher pay and an opportunity for advancement. The man learned the trade of shoemaking with his first employers. Stress of circumstances compelled that he be taken from his bench and put in the place of a travel ing salesman. He developed such marked aptitude in his new position that it was decidedl to retain him in it permanently. His success in the new field caused him to attract the atten tion of a rival company and he was oflored a position by it. This he ac c.pled and made arrangements to transfer his services. Before he could do so the "house" by whom he had tIee appealed to the United States circuit court and had hint enjoined from carrying out. his contract. In its pettion for the writ concern inrg enjoining the hman sets forth that -ic learned his business under its tut-. I uge mand therefore it should be for all time entitled to his services, holding ILat his trade formis an asset. to which the petitioner has the exclusive right and that to transfer as the man in tended would work an irreparable in. jury to its business. It is really re markable that a juuge should be found who would grant even the temporary injunction which issued in the case; that it should be made permanent af ter a hearing of the matter oni its merits is inconceivable. It would es tablish a precedent that but few would care to contemplate, be they skilled or unskilled workmen, or for that matter, professional men, as it would mean denial of the right of any man to better his condition, unless granted the privilege by the employer or employers in whose service he may happen to be at the time, especially if he learned his trade or business while in the employ of that person oe persons. He would be compelled to re main for all time with one concern, wholly dependent upon its caprices and whims as regards pay or advance ment. It would mean slavery, pure and simple, so far as the right of better ment of condition pertains. THE CASE OF WILLIAMSON. Ten months in prison and a fine of five hundred dollars, by some may be considered as very light punishment for a crime of the nature of which Congressman Williamson was convict ed. Excessive severity does not mark tne sentence of Judge Hunt, still, con sidering everything, it seems to be se vere enough. The mere sentence pro nounced by the court is not all the punishment Williamson will have to undergo. His financial fortune is said to have been wrecked, which, of itself, is punishment, but added to this must be considered the wrecking of his po litical ambition and aspiration, the loss of his good name and repute among his fellow men, the conscious ness that henceforth he will be re garded with suspicion and distrust by them and that he may never hope to regain, the standing and esteem in which he was formerly held. To a man like him all these must appear harder than the inconvenience of en forced deprivation of liberty for a stated time. The utter humiliation heaped upon him is the hardest pun ishment. In this respect he differs from the ordinary run of criminals, men, who have never tasted life as it has been given to him to enjoy. They have never known what it means to be signalized by the bestowal of high honors, the reposing of trust and con fidence by not only an immediate community, out by an entire state, the projection onto the canvas of the na tion. Of these things they know noth ing. If the desire for reform is sin cere and earnest in them, removal to another locality usually is all they need to do to escape the disgrace at taching to them by reason of their past misdeeds. Not so with William son. No matter where he may go he will be known and pointed out as the man who made use of a hgh posi tion for dishonest gain, who betrayed the trust of a state and a nation, a violator of the laws he helped to enact and w,,,ch he swore to protect and enforce. Conviction alone, with out any consequent punishment ty fine or imprisonment would have been a penalty tor him. But it was right that he should be punished in the other way. Only consideration of age and im paired physical health caused the court to make any distinction in pass ing upon the three men jointly con victed. In the case of Gesner the term that he must serve in prison was reduced by half, but the money fine doubled. Biggs, the remaining de fendant, was given the same penalty as Williamson. THAT BOND RULING. Atorney General Galen may be right in his interpreation of the law, and, then again, he may be abso lutely wrong. The question is one too deep for the layman, although this will not prevent the formation and expression of opinion relative to the contreversy. As in all cases of the kind there is the same difference of opinion among the profession as among the laity. Thus, some lawyers are not backward in expressing it as their belief that Mr. Galen is in er ror in his construction of the law involved, while others are equally free in upholding him. Among the former is Governor Toole, admittedly one of the able attorneys of the state. He thinks that when finally submitted to the supreme court Mr. Galen will be held to have been in erorr and that the validity of the bonds attacked by the attorney general will be sustaine.l. The singular part of the whole mat ter is that none of the holders of the bonds has ever raised the question raised by Mr. Galen. Bond dealers are presumed to make careful and ex haustive inquify into every ,issue on which they arb invited to bid, and to that end have their attorneys, who pass upon every form of security sub mitted to them. They are presumed to be qualified, otherwise their serv ices would not be nueployod. DI)scussion of the matter will do no harm, but the court of last resort will have to be invoked before it can Ie finally and permanently disposed of or considered as having been sot tied. Meanwhile it may be interesflng 9 to hear what the men who have bought the bonds will have to say. Up to the present they have not been heard from, Very evidently they are giving themselves no concern, or else have not learned of the opinion ex pressed by the attorney general. A HEALTHFUL TENDENCY. Very likely the t me is still far dis tant, if it ever comes, when party lines will be obliterated and when fit ness and capacity will be wholly the considerations figuring in the selec tion of men for public office, but the fact remains that all over the country a desire is manifesting itself to pay less heed to political distinction and to select candidates for important pos itions on the basis of merit. In New York City we see the not displeasing spectacle of a number of candidates running for office on that basis. Thus Jerome, a democrat, is conducting an independent campaign, defying the men who supposedly must sanction the candidacy of any man if he wishes to obtain office as a demo crat. He has thrown down the gaunt let to Tammany and all that that im plies, and is relying solely upon his record as a public prosecutor and the wishes of the majority for enforce ment of the laws and punishment of its transgressors. Ivins, another dein ocrat, is the republican candidate for mayor. His platform is pretty much the same as that of Jerome-enmity to Tammany hall and its bosses. Then there is Hearst, a democrat of the more radical school. His name ap pears on the banner of those who would have public ownership of public utilities. In accepting a nomination from the men who are advancing his interests he cut loose from the demo cratic party as an organization, nfQt only for the present, but for the time to come, for it would be futile for him to expect the party's support here after. It is possible that he believes municipal ownersnlp to be the com ing thing and that the sentiment will continue to grow until it is strong enough to wipe 11 political parties and defeat all who do not subscribe to its tenents. In matters of national affairs we have another sample of the independ ence of Roosevelt and his determina tion to carry out his ideas of a "square deal." To replace a republican who has resigned a position on the inter state commerce commission, we are told he has selected a democrat. A man whom he believes to be capable and in every respect qualified for the place. It is true that the president's choice was influenced by his desire to represent the west in that body, but that must not be accepted as signify ing that to do so the president found himself reduced to the limit of select ing a man not in accord with him pol itically. He could have found repub licans amply fitted for the position, but very evidently none of the eli gibles appealed to him as strongly as Lane, the democrat. The selection of the Californian becomes all the more noteworthy when it is considered that Senator Cullom and others presum ably of great influence and power pol itically in the state of Illinois had a candidate from that state whom they urged for succession to Fifer, himself an Illinoisan. The warfare waging on "graft" and "grafters" is not without its beneficial results. The signs of the times indi cate a healthy and healthful reawak ening of the public mind and a quick ening of conscience gratifying to be hold. HUSBANDS IN REBELLION. Make Vigorous Protest Against Hab its of Society Loving Wives. Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 16.-Two hundred husbands of Williamsport, Warren county, are in revolt against society functions which their wives have cultivated till household duties have been neglected and life for the men become a burden. Long-delayed dinners, constant drains on the purse, late hours at night and languid move ments in the daytime are some of the results of giving themselves up wholly to social functions, nad it is against that the husbands now protest. Expostulations at home, it appears, have gone for naugat, and this after noon, while their wives were at eu chre parties, pink teas, receptions and the like, the men concluded' to act. They called a meeting and at 2:30 o'clock had a pink tea themselves. Then they marched around to the var ious places where their wives were being entertained and burlesqued their social functions. Some of them did not take kindly to- the intrusion, but others admitted that their better halves had just cause of complaint and promised better things for the fu ture. Hollister's Rocky Mountain Tea is positive, never nauseates or upsets the stomach. Cleanses and purifies the entire system. A great blessing ti suffering humanity. 3r cents, Tea o: Tablets. Holmes & Rixon. 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