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£he BIllings (Gazette.
Gazette Printing Company, Publishers Issued Semi-Weekly. TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS. Subscription Rates. One year, in advance........... .3.UO 8.i months......................1.5U Entered at the Billings Postofice as Second Class Matter. Friday, October 20, 1905. GIVING ARIZONA JUSTICE. Having seen for themselves, the members of the congressional party that has been making a tour of Ari zona have come to the conclusion that there is more merit than pretense in the demands of the people of that ter ritory for admission as a state, with out a jointure with New Mexico. Rep resentative Minor of Wisconsin was one of the visiting statesmen and he is quoted as saying that to unite the two territories and admit tuem as a single state would be a crime against Arizona. Others expressed themselves almost as forcibly, among them Repre sentative Adams of Wisconsin, one of tne original unionists and who voted for jointure. He declares that he has learned sometning and hereafter will vote for separatee admission. It is fortunate for the people of Ari zona that the party made the visit to them. What the congressmen saw will prove more convincing than all the ar guments and pleas the Arizonans could advance. They have learned the true conditions obtaining there and know .ow that much has been misrep resented or misunderstood by the unionists. Arizona is not the barren, forbidding and sparsely settled terri tory that most of those who have never been there picture it to be. Dur ing the last few years a material change has taken place in the condi tions of the territory. It has among the best school systems of the coun try. Its development along social and economic lines has been phenomenal and its growth is really astonishing. Under the operations of the national lin igation law it is bound to advance marvelously within the next decade, as it possesses all the latent possibili ties of a rich and varied agricultural state. In addition it is known to be wonderfully rich in the precious and semi-precious metals and all that is needed to give it first place among the rich mining regions of the country is development. This it is undergoing at a rapid rate. Because of climatic advantages it is destined to become of the really great fruit producing sec tions. In intelligence, civilization, pat riotism and all the other requisities of a people Arizona is today the equal of almost any of the western states or 1 territories and to force it into a union a distasteful and galling would be doing p a,, irreparable injury to the hardy and t, energetic men and women who have a labored to bring the territory to its q present exalted stage. c Politics should not be permitted to 0 cut a figure in consideration of the c question. Arizona is large enough, v rich enough and will soon be densely t enough populated to maKe it one oI t the grandest states in the union and r to link it with New Mexico, to compel it to lose its iLdividuality and iden tity would be what Representative Minor characterizes such an act. VICTIM OF SKIN GAME. C George A. Lovejoy of Spokane be lieves himself to have been the victim of a skin game of more than ordinary vileness and he is after the man whom he holds responsible for its per petration. He is suing a doctor for damages. Ten thousand dollars is the amount of monetary satisfaction he demands. Literally, and not figuratively was the plaintiff skinned. He is a member of a fraternal organization noted for its egenrosity and eral be nevolence and charity to those in suffering and want. Some time ago the wife of a brother met with an accident that promptea the attending physician to resort to the operation of skin grafting. Vol unteers to contribute portions of their cuticle were caileu for. The response was liberal, but a little more skin was required and Mr. Lovejoy was asked t3 piece out. This he consented to ao and submitted to the administration o" an anesthetic, being assured in ad vance that only a very small part of the skin of his leg would be required. Whether his skin proved to be par ticularly attractive to the medico, or whether he has under estimated the amount required is not known, but when the generous Mr. Lovejoy re gained ,his senses he found himself possessed of two legs that greatly re acmbled the hind quarter of a dressed beet. Not only did he suffer eoru ciatingly, but was compellea to oc cupy a cot for several weeks in the same hospital in which lay the woman who was wearing his skin. As soon as he was able to be about he consulted a lawyer and the two took an inventory of the damage done. The market value placed on the skin by them was sixty-six and sixty-six one hundreths dollar per square inch, with five hundred dollars more for loss sustained by enforced neglect of the plaintiff's business. The total amount suing for is $10,000. The doctor claims that the price de manded is away above the market quotations for the very finest article of skin, and he proposes to fight the case to the last extreme. Further more, he denies that either specifi cally or impliedly any understanding existed between him and the plaintif as to the quantity of cuticle he was to remove and consequently he felt at liberty to take all he thought was necessary. And then besides, the wo inan finally died anyway, and the skin was really wasted. KNOWS THE REPORTERS. General Booth, tne supreme head of the Salvation army, knows newspaper reporters, and knows them well. rie appreciates the services they render to the rest of the world and has a thorough understanding of their wortn as men and citizens. Unlike many others, especially those connected with the church world, he does not re gard them as sinners beyond redemp tion. On the contrary he believes they will average up pretty well with the usual run of mankind and that they will make a strong showing in the realms of the blessed. The kindly feeling he entertains toward the craft was shown recently, when, at Aber deen, Scotland, he offered a prayer for them. The prayer was that of a fath er asking divine gifts upon loved ones, rather than that of a man supplicating the Eternal Throne for forgiveness and pardon for wretched and miser .1,1 E i-'. T-ara lc th P gciT 'rR l's able sinners. t-ere is rue generalt supplication verbatim, as delivered on t that occasion:. t "And now, dear Lord, bless the re porters, whose nimbie pens catch ev ery word almost before it is uttered. Like Thyself, they are omnipresent and almost omnipotent. If we take the wings of the morning and fly to a the uttermost parts of the earth, they t are there. They meet us in the jun gles of Africa; they waylay us even in the Atlantic ocean, and when we tread the prairies of North America, behold, they are there. May their light and their goodness be equal to their power, and in the general assem bly of heaven let no reporter be ex cluded." NATIONALIZING INSURANCE. Only escond to the matter of rail way rate legislation, it is said, will the president treat national control of insurance in his message to congress. Last year he contented himself with a brief mention of the question, mere ly suggesting that congress inquire whether it would be lawful for the powers of the bureau of corporations to be so extended as to cover insur ance. Congress failed to act on the n question. Since then things have oc- s curred that have caused the question n of nationalization of insuranc9 to be Tl considered as an issue co.rierning a which congress can no longer refusl e to take action, and it is the gener;al beii.?f that somet¶i ..l will be done in res.inse to the damullr, of the people. Shsould congress see its way clear G to enact legislati in of that ki,id it 'ill c find little oppoiilio'. Many .'f the t: leading insureane mt:n of the coJr';ry I favor government.al superv'Jion and n control. Among them is Senator Drs- i den of New .Jerrev, president of one t of the larger life insurance companies. t During the last session of congress he I; introduced a bill pra'iding for fele, al ( regulation, but it failed of action. This winter he intends to introduce the bill again and is confident that it will be I accorded a fair hearing. Some of those opposing the pro posed legislation claim to do so onl constitutional grounds, holding that in surance cannot be construed in any way as being commerce, hence con gress is powerless to legislate con cerning it, holding that it is a matter for regulation by the several states It is said that since last winter Presi- I dent Roosevelt has investigated the i subject thoroughly and has arrived at I the conclusion that no constitutional I bar exists and that the question is one fully within the jurisdiction and 4 power of congress. He and the others I who are supporting the proposition of 4 federal control claim that a decision of the United States supreme court, i rendered in 1868, fully covers the mat- 1 ter, the court ruling that insurance was commerce in the same manner as banking, transportation, telegraph messages, etc. As the decision did not r relate to the real point involved in the present controversy-the regula t tion of insurance business as inter state commerce by the federal govern i ment,-lit is held in some quarters that it has not definitely and finally d settled the matter. As no law of the kind has been passed by congress since then and none was in existence prior to the ruling of the court, the question is still an open One, many contend, and that before congress enact a law of that kind and the court is given opportunity to pass upon it directly it may not be held that the decision referred to covers the case. Another argument advanced by those opposing federal control is that it is a step in the direction of cen tralization of governmental power dangerous to the country and its in stitutions; in other words, they pro fess to see approach of the time when instead of a government by the peo ple we shall have an autocracy, insidu ously instituted, an end of the liber ties we now enjoy. By a hard stretch of the imagination something of the kind may be pictured, but the danger is so far distant and the likelhood of its eventuation so remote that a ma jortiy of the people will risk it and pray for its introduction through the medium proposed by the president in this instance. Senator Dryden, discussing the ad vantages that would follow the na tionalization of the business, says: "It is my firm conviction that such an act would be productive of the most excellent results, increasing the security of insurance to the policy holders, diminishing the now consid erable amount of needless clerical la bor to meet the requirements of some fifty different states and territories, decreasing the expense rate, decreas ing the burden of taxation, increasing the returns to policyholders, and thus decreasing the cost of insurance, broadening the scope of administra tion, and, in a word, nationalizing the business. Such an act would give to insurance the protection of the federal government, to which it is rightfully entitled, because its universality and high social and economic functions now make it indispensable to the wel fare of the public." CASTRO MUST ACT. Although giving every evidence of a desire to be reasonable and pa tient, yet France is making prepara tions that Castro might do well to take heed of and if the fiery South American dictator is possessed of or dinary wisdom he will avail himself of the time intervening before the warships that have left the French coast can assemble at Fort De France and make his peace with the authori ties directing their movements. Not much is askedaof him, only that he withdraw his offensive actipn to ward the French charge d'affaires at Caracas and the presentation of a suitable explanation. Only this is de manded. Should he fail to do this he may wake some morning and find the coast of Venezuela blockaded. This would be annoying and inconvenient, particularly as he may not look to the United States to come to his assist ance. This government, as well as France, has a grievance against him, although the situation has not yet progressed so far that the ordinary channels of diplomacy no longer suf fice to effect a settlement. It is need less to say tnat the United States will not permit or tolerate a seizure of Venezuelan territory, but this will not prevent France. from obtaining satisfaction in some other manner, neither will it in the end prevent France from mulcting Venezuela in a goodly sum, should she be so mind ed. TRADE AT HOME. Elsewhere in this issue of The e Gazette "Reciprocity" give his ideas f concerning an old subject. The gen- t tleman does, not advance anything new in his discussion, for there is 2 nothing new to be said-the argument I is all on one side and the facts sustain I the argument. All must admit that the only way to build up a community is to be loyal to it and its interests. t One of the best forms for that loyalty .to assume is in accordance with the i suggestion of the correspondent. c Every cent that can possibly be ex- < pended at home hould be kept here and confined to the local channels of trade. The mail order houses do 1 nothing for the betterment or pro- i gress of the town. Every penny spent 1 gress of the town. Every penny sent to them is that much money with drawn from local circulation. It never returns and no one at home is bene fited by its expenditure. Spend your money at home and patronize your home tradesmen. By doing this you help yourself while helping others. While on the subject it may not be out of place to say that the ones most ly complained of, the ranchers, the city consumers and the stockmen, are not the only offenders. Some of the merchants who complain of the prac tice of patronizing foreign concerns are not entirely free of guilt them elves. Some of them are transgress i ors of the same kind, often it so hap pens that even in degree they are but i little better than the ones whose pat ronage they believe they should re ceive. Tempted in the same manner as the other, they occasionally send away for things they could secure at home because by dong so they may save a little. Of course, they are ex i ercising a right that no one will deny them, but they, above all others, dl u,.d ue the. .st ones to offend anu .et an example bound to be hurtful n its consequences. Let all join and nake it a common cause; let all re solve that there shall be no more .rading, except at home, and let all .irmly adhere to that resolution. CHARACTERISTIC DECISION. With characteristic promptness and in the way to be expected from him has President Roosevelt gone to the relief of the treasury department in a matter that concerns him intimate ly. Because of the popular manner in which that young lady's visit was received by the oriental potentates, big and little, Miss Roosevelt is re turning with an immense collection of valuable gifts, intrinsically said to be worth at least a hundred thousand dollars. As estimated in advance the value of the material evidence of esteem and respect will call for a large amount of duty, something like half or more than the worth of the collection.' The announcement of the young lady's coming filled the cus toms officers with concern, a concern in which the secretary of the treasury i: said to have shared. As the daugh ter of the president they thought she should be permitted to enter her bric a-brac free of duty, particularly as its bestowal upon her was if the nature of a compliment to the nation, al though it is to oe regarded as her per. sonal property exclusively. In his doubt and tribulation Secre tary Shaw appealed to the president, probably intimating that it might be an easy matter to so arrange things that the collection of duty would be foregone. If he really expected any intimation from Mr. Roosevelt indicat ing a waiver of the government's right he was sadly disappointed. Promptly the president informed him that the daughter of the president of the United States stood in no different relation to the law than the daughter of any other citizen-that she must pay whatever the duty happened to be. That is Roosevelt throughout and it iq that which makes him the most popular president the country has ev er had. Neither he nor any of his shall receive more than what is their right, nor do they or he ask it or expect it. The law is there for him and them and must be obeyed. ROOSEVELT IN DIXIE. Dixie may not subscribe to his politi cal belief, but Dixie is therefore no less an, ardent admirer of the man Roosevelt and no less intent on show ing honor to the president of the United States. The demonstrations that have thus far marked his pro gress through the south evidence this. Comparatively easy would it be to show proper courtey and respect to the wearer of the title, without in jection of the spirit indicative of per onal regard for him. In the atten tions shown him it is not difficult to distinguish that it is Roosevelt as much or more than the president that is being welcomed by the men and women of the south. He has done things that have not met with their approval, but for all that he compels their respect because of his honesty, his fearlessness and his manifest de sire and purpose to do the things which he conscientiously beleves to be right and for the right. In the great serv ices he has rendered the country and is continuing to render sight is lost of the small things that in some in stances have caused individuals to be for the moment offended or small areas to entertain resentment toward him. This is characteristic of American citi zenship. Recognition of national su premacy and that broad and compre hensive patriotism that places country above the individual or section may always be depended upon to appear at the right time. The southerners did not like it when Roosevelt treated with ordinary civility and courtesy a man of a color different than their own and they said some harsh things concerning him. But when he proved himself equal to the great task of bringing two war ring nations together and causing them to become friends again, the southerners felt proud of him. When he made it possible that the hope and dream of the nation should become an actuality and they saw construc tion of an isthmian canal actually be gun, they realized that he was in tensely American and that what he was doing would redound to their benefit and advantage, their hearts warmed toward him and they impa tiently waited for the time when he would come among them, the same as he had gone among the people of other sections, so that they mght give him proof of their friendship and ad miration., That time has arrived and they are making the most of it. When his tour shall have ended and he is back once more at Was? ington they will know better than ever that he is not the president of a part of the country, but the presi dent of the United States; that in his desire to promote the interests and welfare of the nation he knows no sectional lines, is not actuated by self flshnea or narraw mindedness. They will believe in him more than ever and realize that he is their friend as much as he is the friend of the east, the north, the west and that he will jealously guard their rights and that sectional or geographical lines do not mnter into his plans and ambitions for the advancement and glory of the ommon country. IN DOUGHERTY'S STEPS Ten Counts Returned Against Louis- t ville Banker by Grand Jury. [By Associated Press] Louisville, Ky., Oct. 19.--W. B. Smith, former president of the West ern National bank of this city, was indicted today by the federal grand 1 jury on 10 counts, charging him with embezzlement, making false entries and misappropriation of funds of the 1 bank. The total defalcations charged in the indictment is $198,013 divided as follows: False entries, $135,966; misappro priation, $12,047; embezzlement, $50,- 1 000. I SPEND YOUR MONEY AT HOME Billings, October 19. 1 milinery, dress goods, furs, shoes, etc., Editor Gazette: The mercantile hous es of Billings distribute in this im mediate vicinity more than $200,000 annually. At least 60 per cent of this amount goes to the direct support of many of the families living here, and every dollar expended by them indi rectly reaches nearly every one living in this community. Possibly the above facts never nave occurred to you. If you are a mer chant the following facts have' been forcibly impressed upon you: That you should not ship in produce, butter, grain, or any other commodity that is raised or manufactured here, but expend any and all monies pos sible for home products regardless of the fact that frequently the same com modity can be purchased for less else where, and sold for less to the con sumer than the home product can; that you should patronize local agents for insurance or anything else want ed; that you should not patronize for eign telephone companies; that you should not install your own lighting plant, etc., etc. All that has been mentioned the merchant should do, but it is perfect ly proper for the wives, mothers and daughters of the business men of Bil lings to patronize every peddler of DIRECTORS WHO PROVE TO HAVE BEEN ONLY DUMMIES r,.. , +A . A t "Pss D aea1 Pittsburg, Oct. 19.-The investiga tion into the condition of the Enter prise National bank, which was closed by the comptroller of the currency yesterday shows beyond a doubt that the institution was conducted in a manner unknown to the directors. From a representative of the bank it is learned that since the investigation stal Le papers have been brought to the attention of the directors which they tever saw before. Among these papels are two notes bearing the nar:e of W. H. Andrews, who today stated positively that he had no paper in the bank. Bank Examiner Cunningham, who is in charge of the institution, would say nothing concerning this state ment, but the source of the informa BISHOP OF LONDON SEES DANGER IN RACE SUICIDE [By A-ssoieJted Press] London, Oct. 19.-The falling birth rate was the subject of interesting comment by the bishop of London, Doctor Ingram, in an address to the clergy of his diocese in St. Paul's cathedral this afternoon. Like President Roosevelt, he warn ed his hearers of the dangers of this dectease. It was impossible, the bishop said, to descre with what dismay he viewed the diminution of the birth rate, not only in England, but in the TRAFIC IN WiITE SLAVES I[By Amseated P~ress] Chicago, Oct. 17.-A traffic in young women, purchased in Chicago for prac tical sale in all parts of the empire of China has been discovered by the federal and police authorities, but thus far no law has been found pro hibiting the exporting of American women to foreign countries. The police are of the opinion that two women, one in Chicago and an other in Shang flai, are leaders in the practice. The plan used in the operation of the alleged ring was, it is believed, to irst hire unsuspecting .women, tempt ung them with catchy stories of THEY CRUCIFIED HER Alleged Statement of Mrs. Shandein Concerning Own Family. [By Associated Press] Mi aukee, Oct. 19.-"I have been cruci d for a number of years in this town and it all comes from mem bers of my own family." This is a statement made by Mrs. Lizette Schandein before her last trip to Europe in 1903, to Mrs. Ann Rich ards, an actress, and repeated by the latter on the stand in the famous will contest this afternoon. "Several years ago," Mrs. Richards continued, "Mrs. Schandein told me that her own flesh and blood gossiped about her. She also told me that just before Mr. Schandein's last trip to Europe he had told her that if any thing happened to him she could de pend upon Jacob Heyl, who know all about his affairs. Mrs. Schandein said she was very fortunate in having him for her secretary and for her son-in law. milinery, dress goods, furs, shoes, etc., that comes to Billings. And every dollar paid to these peddlers is taken out of town. Should the goods pur chased prove unsatisfactory nothing is said and the goods are not returned, but let a Billings merchant sell goods and many are returned-from no de fect, but simply "I have changed my mind." Neither Billings nor the pur chaser derives any benefit from these peddlers; they pay little or no license for doing business and in most in stances the goods purchased are in ferior to those sold by your local deal e," and you have paid much more for them. If the goods prove unsatisfac tory you have no recourse. If your local dealer does not have exactly what you want he can easily order it for you, and will order several ar ticles from which you can select what you want. The farmers and ranchers have built up the mail order houses of the east, and we do not believe there is a man in America who ever sold a mail order house one dollar's worth of farm or ranch produce-but they do expect the local merchant to buy what they Ihave to sell. "Far fetched and dear bought" is I at. old adage which many seem to fol low. RECIPROCITY. tion is thoroughly reliable. The statement made today by the officials of the Santa le Central rail way and the Pennsylvania Develop ment company, on behalf of which the dead cashier is said to have ne gotiated bonds, would seem to lay all the blame on Clark, who so far as known, left no explanation of the bank's relations with the two com panies. The amount of the state money sup posed to be in the bank will probably reach $782,000, but the exact sum will not be known for some days yet. The state's attorney has caused to be entered judgment against the bank directors on their individual bonds to secure its deposits. These securities can be called at once. L colonies. It appeared to him to be an arti ficial diminution by artificial means. The practice of the deliberate preven tion of conception had spread like a blight among the middle classes and must be viewed by the church of Eng land as a sin. 'ine prevailing love of a comfort was largely responsible for this and the clergy must learn them ' selves to teach others to live the 1 simpler life which their forefathers a had lived. wealth in the orient. A position of maid or high servant in wealthy Chi nese families is said to have been the bait offered. To bind the contract, the applicant for the position was told that her traveling and living expenses would le paid and all the clothing necessary furnished. When the women reached China they were immediately placed under guard and sent to the purchasers, who had previously paid from $500 to $1,000 for each. Many are supposed to be held in palaces of wealthy Chinese under heavy guards.