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The Billings gazette. [volume] (Billings, Mont.) 1896-1919, October 20, 1905, Image 4

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£he BIllings (Gazette.
Gazette Printing Company, Publishers
Issued Semi-Weekly.
Subscription Rates.
One year, in advance........... .3.UO
8.i months......................1.5U
Entered at the Billings Postofice as
Second Class Matter.
Friday, October 20, 1905.
Having seen for themselves, the
members of the congressional party
that has been making a tour of Ari
zona have come to the conclusion that
there is more merit than pretense in
the demands of the people of that ter
ritory for admission as a state, with
out a jointure with New Mexico. Rep
resentative Minor of Wisconsin was
one of the visiting statesmen and he
is quoted as saying that to unite the
two territories and admit tuem as a
single state would be a crime against
Arizona. Others expressed themselves
almost as forcibly, among them Repre
sentative Adams of Wisconsin, one of
tne original unionists and who voted
for jointure. He declares that he has
learned sometning and hereafter will
vote for separatee admission.
It is fortunate for the people of Ari
zona that the party made the visit to
them. What the congressmen saw will
prove more convincing than all the ar
guments and pleas the Arizonans
could advance. They have learned the
true conditions obtaining there and
know .ow that much has been misrep
resented or misunderstood by the
unionists. Arizona is not the barren,
forbidding and sparsely settled terri
tory that most of those who have
never been there picture it to be. Dur
ing the last few years a material
change has taken place in the condi
tions of the territory. It has among
the best school systems of the coun
try. Its development along social and
economic lines has been phenomenal
and its growth is really astonishing.
Under the operations of the national
lin igation law it is bound to advance
marvelously within the next decade,
as it possesses all the latent possibili
ties of a rich and varied agricultural
state. In addition it is known to be
wonderfully rich in the precious and
semi-precious metals and all that is
needed to give it first place among
the rich mining regions of the country
is development. This it is undergoing
at a rapid rate. Because of climatic
advantages it is destined to become
of the really great fruit producing sec
tions. In intelligence, civilization, pat
riotism and all the other requisities of
a people Arizona is today the equal of
almost any of the western states or 1
territories and to force it into a union a
distasteful and galling would be doing p
a,, irreparable injury to the hardy and t,
energetic men and women who have a
labored to bring the territory to its q
present exalted stage. c
Politics should not be permitted to 0
cut a figure in consideration of the c
question. Arizona is large enough, v
rich enough and will soon be densely t
enough populated to maKe it one oI t
the grandest states in the union and r
to link it with New Mexico, to compel
it to lose its iLdividuality and iden
tity would be what Representative
Minor characterizes such an act.
George A. Lovejoy of Spokane be
lieves himself to have been the victim
of a skin game of more than ordinary
vileness and he is after the man
whom he holds responsible for its per
petration. He is suing a doctor for
damages. Ten thousand dollars is the
amount of monetary satisfaction he
Literally, and not figuratively was
the plaintiff skinned. He is a member
of a fraternal organization noted
for its egenrosity and eral be
nevolence and charity to those
in suffering and want. Some
time ago the wife of a brother
met with an accident that promptea
the attending physician to resort to
the operation of skin grafting. Vol
unteers to contribute portions of their
cuticle were caileu for. The response
was liberal, but a little more skin was
required and Mr. Lovejoy was asked
t3 piece out. This he consented to ao
and submitted to the administration
o" an anesthetic, being assured in ad
vance that only a very small part of
the skin of his leg would be required.
Whether his skin proved to be par
ticularly attractive to the medico, or
whether he has under estimated the
amount required is not known, but
when the generous Mr. Lovejoy re
gained ,his senses he found himself
possessed of two legs that greatly re
acmbled the hind quarter of a dressed
beet. Not only did he suffer eoru
ciatingly, but was compellea to oc
cupy a cot for several weeks in the
same hospital in which lay the woman
who was wearing his skin.
As soon as he was able to be about
he consulted a lawyer and the two
took an inventory of the damage done.
The market value placed on the skin
by them was sixty-six and sixty-six
one hundreths dollar per square inch,
with five hundred dollars more for loss
sustained by enforced neglect of the
plaintiff's business. The total amount
suing for is $10,000.
The doctor claims that the price de
manded is away above the market
quotations for the very finest article
of skin, and he proposes to fight the
case to the last extreme. Further
more, he denies that either specifi
cally or impliedly any understanding
existed between him and the plaintif
as to the quantity of cuticle he was
to remove and consequently he felt
at liberty to take all he thought was
necessary. And then besides, the wo
inan finally died anyway, and the skin
was really wasted.
General Booth, tne supreme head of
the Salvation army, knows newspaper
reporters, and knows them well. rie
appreciates the services they render
to the rest of the world and has a
thorough understanding of their wortn
as men and citizens. Unlike many
others, especially those connected
with the church world, he does not re
gard them as sinners beyond redemp
tion. On the contrary he believes they
will average up pretty well with the
usual run of mankind and that they
will make a strong showing in the
realms of the blessed. The kindly
feeling he entertains toward the craft
was shown recently, when, at Aber
deen, Scotland, he offered a prayer for
them. The prayer was that of a fath
er asking divine gifts upon loved ones,
rather than that of a man supplicating
the Eternal Throne for forgiveness
and pardon for wretched and miser
.1,1 E i-'. T-ara lc th P gciT 'rR l's
able sinners. t-ere is rue generalt
supplication verbatim, as delivered on t
that occasion:. t
"And now, dear Lord, bless the re
porters, whose nimbie pens catch ev
ery word almost before it is uttered.
Like Thyself, they are omnipresent
and almost omnipotent. If we take
the wings of the morning and fly to a
the uttermost parts of the earth, they t
are there. They meet us in the jun
gles of Africa; they waylay us even
in the Atlantic ocean, and when we
tread the prairies of North America,
behold, they are there. May their
light and their goodness be equal to
their power, and in the general assem
bly of heaven let no reporter be ex
Only escond to the matter of rail
way rate legislation, it is said, will
the president treat national control of
insurance in his message to congress.
Last year he contented himself with
a brief mention of the question, mere
ly suggesting that congress inquire
whether it would be lawful for the
powers of the bureau of corporations
to be so extended as to cover insur
ance. Congress failed to act on the n
question. Since then things have oc- s
curred that have caused the question n
of nationalization of insuranc9 to be Tl
considered as an issue co.rierning a
which congress can no longer refusl e
to take action, and it is the gener;al
beii.?f that somet¶i ..l will be done in
res.inse to the damullr, of the people.
Shsould congress see its way clear G
to enact legislati in of that ki,id it 'ill c
find little oppoiilio'. Many .'f the t:
leading insureane mt:n of the coJr';ry I
favor government.al superv'Jion and n
control. Among them is Senator Drs- i
den of New .Jerrev, president of one t
of the larger life insurance companies. t
During the last session of congress he I;
introduced a bill pra'iding for fele, al (
regulation, but it failed of action. This
winter he intends to introduce the bill
again and is confident that it will be I
accorded a fair hearing.
Some of those opposing the pro
posed legislation claim to do so onl
constitutional grounds, holding that in
surance cannot be construed in any
way as being commerce, hence con
gress is powerless to legislate con
cerning it, holding that it is a matter
for regulation by the several states
It is said that since last winter Presi- I
dent Roosevelt has investigated the i
subject thoroughly and has arrived at I
the conclusion that no constitutional I
bar exists and that the question is
one fully within the jurisdiction and 4
power of congress. He and the others I
who are supporting the proposition of 4
federal control claim that a decision
of the United States supreme court, i
rendered in 1868, fully covers the mat- 1
ter, the court ruling that insurance
was commerce in the same manner
as banking, transportation, telegraph
messages, etc. As the decision did not
r relate to the real point involved in
the present controversy-the regula
t tion of insurance business as inter
state commerce by the federal govern
i ment,-lit is held in some quarters
that it has not definitely and finally
d settled the matter. As no law of the
kind has been passed by congress
since then and none was in existence
prior to the ruling of the court, the
question is still an open One, many
contend, and that before congress
enact a law of that kind and the court
is given opportunity to pass upon it
directly it may not be held that the
decision referred to covers the case.
Another argument advanced by
those opposing federal control is that
it is a step in the direction of cen
tralization of governmental power
dangerous to the country and its in
stitutions; in other words, they pro
fess to see approach of the time when
instead of a government by the peo
ple we shall have an autocracy, insidu
ously instituted, an end of the liber
ties we now enjoy. By a hard stretch
of the imagination something of the
kind may be pictured, but the danger
is so far distant and the likelhood of
its eventuation so remote that a ma
jortiy of the people will risk it and
pray for its introduction through the
medium proposed by the president
in this instance.
Senator Dryden, discussing the ad
vantages that would follow the na
tionalization of the business, says:
"It is my firm conviction that such
an act would be productive of the
most excellent results, increasing the
security of insurance to the policy
holders, diminishing the now consid
erable amount of needless clerical la
bor to meet the requirements of some
fifty different states and territories,
decreasing the expense rate, decreas
ing the burden of taxation, increasing
the returns to policyholders, and thus
decreasing the cost of insurance,
broadening the scope of administra
tion, and, in a word, nationalizing the
business. Such an act would give to
insurance the protection of the federal
government, to which it is rightfully
entitled, because its universality and
high social and economic functions
now make it indispensable to the wel
fare of the public."
Although giving every evidence of
a desire to be reasonable and pa
tient, yet France is making prepara
tions that Castro might do well to
take heed of and if the fiery South
American dictator is possessed of or
dinary wisdom he will avail himself
of the time intervening before the
warships that have left the French
coast can assemble at Fort De France
and make his peace with the authori
ties directing their movements.
Not much is askedaof him, only that
he withdraw his offensive actipn to
ward the French charge d'affaires at
Caracas and the presentation of a
suitable explanation. Only this is de
manded. Should he fail to do this he
may wake some morning and find the
coast of Venezuela blockaded. This
would be annoying and inconvenient,
particularly as he may not look to the
United States to come to his assist
ance. This government, as well as
France, has a grievance against him,
although the situation has not yet
progressed so far that the ordinary
channels of diplomacy no longer suf
fice to effect a settlement. It is need
less to say tnat the United States
will not permit or tolerate a seizure
of Venezuelan territory, but this will
not prevent France. from obtaining
satisfaction in some other manner,
neither will it in the end prevent
France from mulcting Venezuela in
a goodly sum, should she be so mind
Elsewhere in this issue of The e
Gazette "Reciprocity" give his ideas f
concerning an old subject. The gen- t
tleman does, not advance anything
new in his discussion, for there is 2
nothing new to be said-the argument I
is all on one side and the facts sustain I
the argument. All must admit that
the only way to build up a community
is to be loyal to it and its interests. t
One of the best forms for that loyalty
.to assume is in accordance with the i
suggestion of the correspondent. c
Every cent that can possibly be ex- <
pended at home hould be kept here
and confined to the local channels of
trade. The mail order houses do 1
nothing for the betterment or pro- i
gress of the town. Every penny spent 1
gress of the town. Every penny sent
to them is that much money with
drawn from local circulation. It never
returns and no one at home is bene
fited by its expenditure. Spend your
money at home and patronize your
home tradesmen. By doing this you
help yourself while helping others.
While on the subject it may not be
out of place to say that the ones most
ly complained of, the ranchers, the
city consumers and the stockmen, are
not the only offenders. Some of the
merchants who complain of the prac
tice of patronizing foreign concerns
are not entirely free of guilt them
elves. Some of them are transgress
i ors of the same kind, often it so hap
pens that even in degree they are but
i little better than the ones whose pat
ronage they believe they should re
ceive. Tempted in the same manner
as the other, they occasionally send
away for things they could secure at
home because by dong so they may
save a little. Of course, they are ex
i ercising a right that no one will deny
them, but they, above all others,
dl u,.d ue the. .st ones to offend anu
.et an example bound to be hurtful
n its consequences. Let all join and
nake it a common cause; let all re
solve that there shall be no more
.rading, except at home, and let all
.irmly adhere to that resolution.
With characteristic promptness and
in the way to be expected from him
has President Roosevelt gone to the
relief of the treasury department in
a matter that concerns him intimate
ly. Because of the popular manner
in which that young lady's visit was
received by the oriental potentates,
big and little, Miss Roosevelt is re
turning with an immense collection of
valuable gifts, intrinsically said to be
worth at least a hundred thousand
dollars. As estimated in advance the
value of the material evidence of
esteem and respect will call for a
large amount of duty, something like
half or more than the worth of the
collection.' The announcement of the
young lady's coming filled the cus
toms officers with concern, a concern
in which the secretary of the treasury
i: said to have shared. As the daugh
ter of the president they thought she
should be permitted to enter her bric
a-brac free of duty, particularly as its
bestowal upon her was if the nature
of a compliment to the nation, al
though it is to oe regarded as her per.
sonal property exclusively.
In his doubt and tribulation Secre
tary Shaw appealed to the president,
probably intimating that it might be
an easy matter to so arrange things
that the collection of duty would be
foregone. If he really expected any
intimation from Mr. Roosevelt indicat
ing a waiver of the government's
right he was sadly disappointed.
Promptly the president informed him
that the daughter of the president of
the United States stood in no different
relation to the law than the daughter
of any other citizen-that she must
pay whatever the duty happened to
That is Roosevelt throughout and it
iq that which makes him the most
popular president the country has ev
er had. Neither he nor any of his
shall receive more than what is their
right, nor do they or he ask it or
expect it. The law is there for him
and them and must be obeyed.
Dixie may not subscribe to his politi
cal belief, but Dixie is therefore no
less an, ardent admirer of the man
Roosevelt and no less intent on show
ing honor to the president of the
United States. The demonstrations
that have thus far marked his pro
gress through the south evidence this.
Comparatively easy would it be to
show proper courtey and respect to
the wearer of the title, without in
jection of the spirit indicative of per
onal regard for him. In the atten
tions shown him it is not difficult to
distinguish that it is Roosevelt as
much or more than the president that
is being welcomed by the men and
women of the south. He has done
things that have not met with their
approval, but for all that he compels
their respect because of his honesty,
his fearlessness and his manifest de
sire and purpose to do the things which
he conscientiously beleves to be right
and for the right. In the great serv
ices he has rendered the country and
is continuing to render sight is lost of
the small things that in some in
stances have caused individuals to be
for the moment offended or small areas
to entertain resentment toward him.
This is characteristic of American citi
zenship. Recognition of national su
premacy and that broad and compre
hensive patriotism that places country
above the individual or section may
always be depended upon to appear at
the right time.
The southerners did not like it
when Roosevelt treated with ordinary
civility and courtesy a man of a color
different than their own and they said
some harsh things concerning him.
But when he proved himself equal to
the great task of bringing two war
ring nations together and causing
them to become friends again, the
southerners felt proud of him. When
he made it possible that the hope and
dream of the nation should become
an actuality and they saw construc
tion of an isthmian canal actually be
gun, they realized that he was in
tensely American and that what he
was doing would redound to their
benefit and advantage, their hearts
warmed toward him and they impa
tiently waited for the time when he
would come among them, the same as
he had gone among the people of
other sections, so that they mght give
him proof of their friendship and ad
miration., That time has arrived and
they are making the most of it.
When his tour shall have ended and
he is back once more at Was?
ington they will know better than
ever that he is not the president of
a part of the country, but the presi
dent of the United States; that in his
desire to promote the interests and
welfare of the nation he knows no
sectional lines, is not actuated by self
flshnea or narraw mindedness. They
will believe in him more than ever
and realize that he is their friend as
much as he is the friend of the east,
the north, the west and that he will
jealously guard their rights and that
sectional or geographical lines do not
mnter into his plans and ambitions for
the advancement and glory of the
ommon country.
Ten Counts Returned Against Louis- t
ville Banker by Grand Jury.
[By Associated Press]
Louisville, Ky., Oct. 19.--W. B.
Smith, former president of the West
ern National bank of this city, was
indicted today by the federal grand 1
jury on 10 counts, charging him with
embezzlement, making false entries
and misappropriation of funds of the 1
bank. The total defalcations charged
in the indictment is $198,013 divided
as follows:
False entries, $135,966; misappro
priation, $12,047; embezzlement, $50,- 1
000. I
Billings, October 19. 1 milinery, dress goods, furs, shoes, etc.,
Editor Gazette: The mercantile hous
es of Billings distribute in this im
mediate vicinity more than $200,000
annually. At least 60 per cent of this
amount goes to the direct support of
many of the families living here, and
every dollar expended by them indi
rectly reaches nearly every one living
in this community.
Possibly the above facts never nave
occurred to you. If you are a mer
chant the following facts have' been
forcibly impressed upon you:
That you should not ship in produce,
butter, grain, or any other commodity
that is raised or manufactured here,
but expend any and all monies pos
sible for home products regardless of
the fact that frequently the same com
modity can be purchased for less else
where, and sold for less to the con
sumer than the home product can;
that you should patronize local agents
for insurance or anything else want
ed; that you should not patronize for
eign telephone companies; that you
should not install your own lighting
plant, etc., etc.
All that has been mentioned the
merchant should do, but it is perfect
ly proper for the wives, mothers and
daughters of the business men of Bil
lings to patronize every peddler of
r,.. , +A . A t "Pss D aea1
Pittsburg, Oct. 19.-The investiga
tion into the condition of the Enter
prise National bank, which was closed
by the comptroller of the currency
yesterday shows beyond a doubt that
the institution was conducted in a
manner unknown to the directors.
From a representative of the bank it
is learned that since the investigation
stal Le papers have been brought to
the attention of the directors which
they tever saw before. Among these
papels are two notes bearing the
nar:e of W. H. Andrews, who today
stated positively that he had no paper
in the bank.
Bank Examiner Cunningham, who
is in charge of the institution, would
say nothing concerning this state
ment, but the source of the informa
[By A-ssoieJted Press]
London, Oct. 19.-The falling birth
rate was the subject of interesting
comment by the bishop of London,
Doctor Ingram, in an address to the
clergy of his diocese in St. Paul's
cathedral this afternoon.
Like President Roosevelt, he warn
ed his hearers of the dangers of this
dectease. It was impossible, the bishop
said, to descre with what dismay
he viewed the diminution of the birth
rate, not only in England, but in the
I[By Amseated P~ress]
Chicago, Oct. 17.-A traffic in young
women, purchased in Chicago for prac
tical sale in all parts of the empire of
China has been discovered by the
federal and police authorities, but
thus far no law has been found pro
hibiting the exporting of American
women to foreign countries.
The police are of the opinion that
two women, one in Chicago and an
other in Shang flai, are leaders in the
The plan used in the operation of
the alleged ring was, it is believed, to
irst hire unsuspecting .women, tempt
ung them with catchy stories of
Alleged Statement of Mrs. Shandein
Concerning Own Family.
[By Associated Press]
Mi aukee, Oct. 19.-"I have been
cruci d for a number of years in
this town and it all comes from mem
bers of my own family."
This is a statement made by Mrs.
Lizette Schandein before her last trip
to Europe in 1903, to Mrs. Ann Rich
ards, an actress, and repeated by the
latter on the stand in the famous will
contest this afternoon.
"Several years ago," Mrs. Richards
continued, "Mrs. Schandein told me
that her own flesh and blood gossiped
about her. She also told me that
just before Mr. Schandein's last trip
to Europe he had told her that if any
thing happened to him she could de
pend upon Jacob Heyl, who know all
about his affairs. Mrs. Schandein said
she was very fortunate in having him
for her secretary and for her son-in
milinery, dress goods, furs, shoes, etc.,
that comes to Billings. And every
dollar paid to these peddlers is taken
out of town. Should the goods pur
chased prove unsatisfactory nothing
is said and the goods are not returned,
but let a Billings merchant sell goods
and many are returned-from no de
fect, but simply "I have changed my
mind." Neither Billings nor the pur
chaser derives any benefit from these
peddlers; they pay little or no license
for doing business and in most in
stances the goods purchased are in
ferior to those sold by your local deal
e," and you have paid much more for
them. If the goods prove unsatisfac
tory you have no recourse. If your
local dealer does not have exactly
what you want he can easily order it
for you, and will order several ar
ticles from which you can select what
you want.
The farmers and ranchers have
built up the mail order houses of the
east, and we do not believe there is a
man in America who ever sold a mail
order house one dollar's worth of farm
or ranch produce-but they do expect
the local merchant to buy what they
Ihave to sell.
"Far fetched and dear bought" is
I at. old adage which many seem to fol
tion is thoroughly reliable.
The statement made today by the
officials of the Santa le Central rail
way and the Pennsylvania Develop
ment company, on behalf of which
the dead cashier is said to have ne
gotiated bonds, would seem to lay all
the blame on Clark, who so far as
known, left no explanation of the
bank's relations with the two com
The amount of the state money sup
posed to be in the bank will probably
reach $782,000, but the exact sum will
not be known for some days yet.
The state's attorney has caused to
be entered judgment against the bank
directors on their individual bonds to
secure its deposits. These securities
can be called at once.
L colonies.
It appeared to him to be an arti
ficial diminution by artificial means.
The practice of the deliberate preven
tion of conception had spread like a
blight among the middle classes and
must be viewed by the church of Eng
land as a sin. 'ine prevailing love of
a comfort was largely responsible for
this and the clergy must learn them
' selves to teach others to live the
1 simpler life which their forefathers
a had lived.
wealth in the orient. A position of
maid or high servant in wealthy Chi
nese families is said to have been the
bait offered. To bind the contract,
the applicant for the position was told
that her traveling and living expenses
would le paid and all the clothing
necessary furnished.
When the women reached China
they were immediately placed under
guard and sent to the purchasers,
who had previously paid from $500 to
$1,000 for each.
Many are supposed to be held in
palaces of wealthy Chinese under
heavy guards.

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