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CHRISTMAS NEW ROAD TO BEAR CREEK WILL BE OPENED AT THAT TIME. GRADERS WORK ON P. M. Gallaher Says That the New Road Will Be Continued Towards Cooke City This Winter if Weather is Favorable. .From Saturday's Daily. P. M. Gallaher, who is in the city from Bear Creek, gave The Gazette the latest information as to the pres ent status of the projects over which he now presides as engineer. "The grading is almost finished," 'said Mr. Gallaher, "and we are busy collecting the material for the con struction work. About half of this material is now ready and the rest will be in shape very soon. Probably the track laying will be commenced next week and when that is begun we are ready to lay one mile a day. At this rate, the road will be ready for use at Christmas time. "Mining has been temporarily sus pended for the present as the mines ..have been sufficiently developed to Sassure a large output as soon as the .road is in operation. "Already the mines have been de -veloped so that a quarter of a mil lion tons of coal are available. The mnines are not in shape to put out their full capacity at first, as there is work to finish that will take two or three naatb4 yet. When every thing is ready, there will be a daily output of from 1,000 to 1,500 tons daily. "Arrangements are being made to costimue the road on towards Cooke City md Ri the weather permits, grad tr Vwil be continued well along to wards the state line this winter. The rest of the road is assured and the project will not be allowed to rest until the entire line is completed." A &GENEROUS DONATION Local Lodge of Eagles Give a Large Sum to be Used For the Benefit of the City's Poor. From Saturday's Daily. There was a meeting of the Eagles Thursday night at their hall for the purpose of attending to some matters of routine business. One of the subjects in hand was the nomination of officers, which was taken up but left uncompleted. Later, the lodge took up the subject of charities in which they have done considerable in an unostentatious way in the past. After the matter had been duly dis cussed, it was ordered that the sum of $150 be paid into the treasury of the board of united charities of this city to be used at the discretion of the board. A member of the board, when seen later in regard to the matter said that this donation will ble particularly ac ceptable at this time just at the begin ning of the winter season. REAL ESTATE TRANSFERS. The following real estate transfers have been recorded in the office of the' county clerk during the past week: J. B. Herford to Mary M. Wilkinson, lot 9, block 42, Billings-$100. Fleda Cothran to Joseph Brunton, lots 37 to 40, block 11, Westside addi tion-$1. First National bank to Peter Ribb, lots 17, 18, block 61, Billings--300. Austin North to W. F. Terrens, lots 9, 10, block 3, Billings-$1. Austin North to W. L. Terrell, lots 11, 12, block 3, Billings-$1. Estate of Frederick Billings to Jo seph Newcomer, lots 34 to 40, block 7, Suburban subdivision, Billings-$1. W. H. Kipp to Kenni C. Jones, lots 18, 19, block 203, Billings-$500. Guy Nurse to Joseph Brinton, lots 18, 19, block 203, Billings--S550. Billings Land and Irrigation com pany, to S. R. Dougherty, lots 1 to 6, block 4, Suburban subdivision, Bil lings--$1. North Town Land Co. to Julia A. Sawyer, lots 5 to 8, block 48, Foster's addition, Billings-$1. W. H. Norton to W. D. Jenkins, lots 7, 8, 9, block 18, Stillwater-$90. 'homas Smith to J. H. Sutter, lots 15 to 18, block 6, Billiags-i1. A. J, Wilkinson to O. H. Snell, lots 9, 1, blouk 42, Billing--4L Bllgs Loan and Trust Co. to W. H. Re7.ely, 09 acre. northaat, quarter, section 29, township 2 north, range 27 -$2,800. Maude Paige to O. H. Snell, lots 15 to 18, block 263, Billings-$1. North Town Lot Co. to Olaf John son, lots 9, 10, block 28, Foster's ad dition, Billings-$300. C. D. Van Aernam to Montana L. & T. Co., lots 11, 12, block 85, and lots 13 and 14, block 66, Billings-$1. C. S. Rhodes to Jeannette E. Callo way, 46 acres section 22, township 2 south, range 23-$1. Stanley Rudgewiski to C. M. Jacobs, lots 13, 14, block 63, Billings-$350. Minnesota and Montana L. & I. Co. to James Bartholomew, lots 17, 18, block 97, Billings-$200. Thomas Barnett to S. E. Heslop, lots 7, 8, Westside addition, Billings -$500. Milo C. Roberts to Fannie C. Simp son, lots 2 and 3, block 60, Billings $1,900. Mary McCormick to O. B. Parham, lots 1, 2, block 50, Billings-$1. L. C. Lehfelt to Estella Parque, land-$3,500. Billings Loan and Trust Co.to R. H. Vermilye, northwest quarter, section, 29, township 2 north, range 27-$4,750. S. T. Connelly to Annie Town, lots 5, 6, block 96, Billings-$1. John McVey to Chris. Yegen, west half of southeast quarter, section 26, and southeast quarter, section 10, township 5 north, range 26-$1. Minnesota and Montana L. & I. Co. to Chris. Schuster, lots 1, 2, block 'j3, Billings-$240. West Side Realty Co. to Edward Marsh, lots 7 to 10, block 6, Westside addition, Billings-$1. Jesse Marsh to W. B. George, lots 1 to 5, block 6, Westside addition, Bil lings-$1. Mattie Armstrong to Leora Cone, lots 20, 21, block 140, Billings-$1. Leora Cone to John Ross, lots 20, 21, block 140, Billings-$1. WILL ADVERTISE CITY One of the State Papers Sends Cor respondent Here to Gather Pictures and Data Showing Prosperity of This Municipality. From Saturday's Daily. Don O. Noel, representing the Butte Miner, is in the city for the purpose of working up a Billings page for their Christmas edition. "I am not here to solicit advertis ing," said Mr. Noel. "My sole purpose is to gather pictures and data concern ing Billings and shape up the same for our big edition." "During the summer, I was over on the west side of the state and saw all of the towns there. It is fair to all of them to say that this city is ahead of the procession in the matter of growth and progress. "The Miner has heard of the rapid growth of your city and it is a mere matter of ordinary enterprise on the part of the management to run this write-up now. By advertising your city we hope to benefit ourselves in the long run." ATTEND FAIR MEETING Yellowstone County Needs a Grand Fair, Says W. B. George, and the People Should Pull Together from the Beginning. An important meeting of the stock holders of the county fair association will be held at the city hall, Wednes day, next, at 8 o'clock. Matters of policy will be discussed at this meeting which should be of interest to every well wisher of this community, and it is desired that anyone who cares for a good fair, and all that it stands for in the county, should be present. There is still a question whether there will be any fair at all and the determination of this issue will be one of the subjects of discussion. If a fair is determined upon, then it is to be settled whether the asso ciation become a member of the state circuit. Several other matters will also be discussed and the opinions of those who have such things at heart are wanted. In speaking of the meeting, the sec retary, W. B. George, said that the fair is for the benefit of the community and that all of the business men as well as the farmers should give it attention. He mentioned the good that has re sulted from the former fairs held here, and called attention to the high place which this county has held at the state fairs as the result of system atic preparation secured through the local gathering. Remember, that the date is next Wednesday evening. Registered Pigs for Sale.. Several registered Duroc Jersey pigs, either sex. Apply to MINOR YORK, Billings Postomce. kJ-3 SAW SUGAR BEET CROP E. B. CAMP VISITS LOVELAND, COLORADO DURING HARVEST TIME. FACTORY RUNNING Finds That Billings Will Have Some Advantages Not Possessed by the Older Beet Raising Sections-Land Prices Near Factory. From Sunday's Daily. "I went east on a private business trip," said E. B. Camp, yesterday, "but I came around by Denver and ran out to Loveland where there is one of the largest beet sugar factories in the state. "Coming there as I did during the harvesting season, I was able to see the whole thing from start to finish. In the fields the farmers were still gathering the crop, and at the factory they were using about 1,000 tons of beets daily. "The yield for the season was good and all of the farmers that I talked with were well satisfied with the re turns from their crop. The soil there is apparently just the same as we have here. The color is the same and the texture and quality are similar. "We have one big advantage over the section that I visited in the matter of water supply. The farmers at the places visited by me have need to hus band carefully all of the water that is doled out to them, and some of them would raise their hands in horror could they see'the prodigal supply that is permitted to flow over the fields here. "Again, like our own lands, they have some low lying bottom fields that are becoming water-logged, and they are putting in tile drains to take care of this condition. "Land prices near the dumping sta tions are way up, and while I was there a 10-acre plot about a quarter of a mile from the factory sold for $300 an acre. "There is no doubt that the promo ters of the sugar factory here knew what they were about when the select ed Billings as the site of one of their largest ventures." OLD LANDMARK TO GO Site of P. H. Smith's Stable Will Soon Be Put in Shape for a Pretentious Business Block. From Saturday's Daily. When approached by a representa tive of The Gazette, yesterday, P. H. Smith, the veteran livery man, said that it is true that he is closing out his business in North Twenty-seventh street. "I have been in this business for over 20 years now," said he, "and I want a change and a rest. On the first day of next month the old place will be closed and I will quit. "It is my intention to move the present buildings off the lots which they now occupy. I have four good business lots here and they have be come too valuable to be used any longer as they have been. "It is not yet fully determined whether I will build a new structure at present, but if I do not sell the property, I shall not let it remain idle very long. "A new building such as I want would cost not less than $40,000 and I do not wish to attempt it until I am fully ready. "The removal of these wooden buildings will make this side of the street show to much better advantage than it does now and the real value of the site will then be apparent to all." WEALTH IN OLD CHECKS. Interesting Find Made in Looking Over Papers of Dead Man. Alto Pass, ill., Nov. 24.-While look ing through papers left by the late Reuben Lindsy, W. H. Finch found old checks worth $1,300-two for $500 each, drawn, by the Adams Express company, and one for $300, drawn by the Page & Bacon Banking company. All were drawn at San Francisco in 1852, in favor of James Stearns. Mr. Stearns was a gold miner in California in the 40s, and exchanged his dust for checks Just before starting east. He died shortly after reaching his home here, without having told of the checks. An effort will be made to collect them. Calllng cards at Gastte oma. 18 DECLARED VALID. Iowa Supreme Court Sustains Soldiers' Preference Law. Des Moines, Nov. 24.-The supreme court yesterday declared the soldiers' preference law constitutional. Sever al thousand old soldiers in Iowa await ed with interest this decision. They, will now be able to hold their posi tions, no matter in what department of state, city or county they may be, except where they may be removed for cause. The measure was passed by the last legislature. Under its provisions old soldiers are not only retained in of fice for life and good behavior, but are given the preference, all else being equal, in the matter of securing ap pointive positions. In the case ap pealed from Marshalltown, a man named Harris, an old soldier, had ask ed for a minor position in the gift of the city council. He was refused and the matter was appealed to the dis trict court. The court decided that the council had a right to refuse him employment. Harris then appealed to the supreme court, and the decision reverses the Marshall county judge. Twenty-five appointive positions in the city of Des Moines alone depend on this decision. Several statehouse decisions hinged on the decision, the employees holding their places against the wishes of the appointive power till the constitutionality of the law could be tested. There has been bitter opposition to the law because it removed some 4,000 or 5,000 offices in the state from com petition of young men who have never seen army service. The real intent of the law was to preserve positions for the old soldiers, but the letter of it gives soldiers-the preference in secur ing positions. GIVES HIS IDEA FORM Foraker Submits to Senate Committee Draft of Bill he Would Enact as Amending the Interstate Commerce Law. [By Associated Press] Washington, Nov. 24.-Senator Foraker today presented to the senate committee on interstate commerce the draft of his bill to amend the inter state commerce law. The senator stated that he had tried to meet the complaint against present railway con ditions and at the same time avoid conferring on the interstate commerce commission or any similar body the power over railway rates. The Foraker bill, however, provides for enjoining the publishing and charg ing of excessive rates and the enjoin ing of any discriminations forbidden by law, whether between shippers, places, commodities or otherwise and whether effected by means of rates, rebates, classifications, private cars, preferen tials or "in any other manner what ever." While this does not confer upon the court the power to fix a rate, it does authorize the court to say what is an unlawful rate and how much is unlawful and to enjoin the carrier from charging more than is found to be lawful. The bill also is designed to prohibit the granting of passes, to allow free access to the railway documents and to make complaints against railways on exported and domestic goods. OLD CLERKS ALARMED. Washington, Nov. 24.-Congress will be asked to make some provision at its coming session for the clerks who have grown old in the service, and who can now no longer perform their work satisfactorily. The question of what to do with the old clerks has worried cabinet Officers for years. Men and women, many of them old soldiers or widows of veter ans, are unable to do the work assign ed to them, yet are carried on the rolls at the salaries they received when competent. To discharge these clerks would be equivalent to sending them to the poorhouse, as few have made any pro vision for the future. This has pre vented any drastic action in the past on the part of the heads of the various departments. The aged clerks are now referred to as "dead wood," and the younger ele ment in office is demanding promo tion to the higher salaried places held by the old clerks. The department heads have so far managed to with stand the demand for the dismissal of these clerks, who have outgrown their usefulness, but now admit that the government's work is being delayed by their retention. The Keep commission, which is to make recommendations for placing the departments on a "business basis," is expected to recommend radical measures. The president has time and again said the departments need new blood, men and women with push and energy, and the old clerks do not feel that they have a friend in him. The old employes are pinning their hopes on the action of congress. WEAK SPOTS IN JAPAN'S WARFARE Stanley Washburn, Pekin correspon- 1 dent, in Minneapolis Journal: It is a t grave mistake for a newspaper corres pondent to attempt to discuss military affairs in a technical way, since few correspondents can properly call themselves experts in such. matters. However, it is legitimate, I think, to record the impressions made on one's i mind during eighteen months of al- 1 most constant association with the 1 Japanese fighters, both on sea and land. It is scarcely worth while at this late day, in my opinion, to add to the mighty volume of praise which has been caused by the amazing ex cellences of the Japanese soldier, the Japanese sailor, and the Japanese of ficer. It is conceded that the infantry which fought under Oyama in Man churia was brave, intelligent, cheerful and immensely effective in all the duties imposed upon it. Physically, the men of the Japanese armies could withstand the greatest hardships. The simplicity of their lives made it easy to provide them with food, since a handful of rice, a bit of dried fish and an occasional cracker was enough to satisfy the soldier in the field. He had no nerves to speak of, so that if he was wounded he proceeded to get well in short order, soon returning to tho ranks. He always refused to die except under extreme provocation. The artillerymen, though their guns were distinctly inferior to the Russian guns, used them so well that they were more than a match for the enemy. But all this and very much more to the same effect has been writ ten many times. It is only fair now to give some attention to the defects in the Japanese system of warfare. The greatest defects, in my opinion, were found in their cavalry, their land transport and the seeming impossibil ity of their leaders to form new plans on the spur of the moment. I will consider the last . of these short comings first. As every one knows, the war in Man churia was planned in Tokio, months and perhaps years before it was exe cuted. What the Japanese had planned for in advance they did absolutely, but they did no more. For example, it was planned that Togo, when war was declared, should make an attack on Port Arthur and torpedo the Russ ian battleships. The plan worked like a charm. He carried out his orders, but he did nothing else, though the Russians themselves say that had the Japanese wished they might have en tered the harbor with their big ships, almost undisturbed, so great was the confusion that prevailed. With Port Arthur in their hands at the start, one of the bloodiest sieges in history might have been avoided. But this was a contingency that had not been foreseen and hence w4s not taken ad vantage of in any way. After having done what was intended Togo with drew and proceeded week after week and month after month to work out the program as it had been arranged in Tokio. Slowness in Advancing. Again, take the campaign of the Jap anese first army. The Japanese had expected to encounter bitter opposi tion all the way from the Yalu to Liao-yang. They estimated that it would take them until fall to get there. The resistance turned out to be puerile and ineffective, but this made no difference to the Japanese. They had planned to be there at a certain time, so they proceeded to fol low out that plan, waiting for prear ranged periods of time at pre-ar ranged places. The Russians say that had Kuroki and the other armies push ed on without long delays after each battle there never would have been a big fight at Liao-yang and Mukden would wave been taken in the fall, perhaps even without a battle. Take one more example. I was told in Mukden that the demoralization after the battle of the Shaho in Octo ber was so great that had the Japan ese pressed forward Mukden could have been taken at once and the fear ful carnage of last spring would have been avoided. But it was not on the Japanese plans, and so the army did not advance. Letting the Enemy Escape. In a word, then, the Japanese, while they have shown themselves masters of strategy when they have time to plan ahead, have failed utterly at those crucial moments when a Napol eon would have crushed a defeated army. The Japanese have been con tent with victory and the defeated army has escaped. The long wait of the last summer was due, one may guess, to this same element in the Japanese charcter. It is believed by the military attaches and the correspondents that the Japan ese never planned to go beyond Muk den at all. Hence the long delay and the willingness to accept less in mak ing peace than anyone anticipated. For the Japanese found themselves confronted suddenly with a campaign for which they had but vague plans. The result was that the entire summer passed without action, while scouts and spies were making maps of Mon golia and the generals in Mluden were burning the midnight .oil over new plans for a fall campaign. About the Japanese Horse. In the actual operations the chief defects have been due to the wretched little Japanese horse, which in a mea sure is responsible for the other two evils mentioned, the cavalry and the transport system. The cavalry can be dismissed almost in a word. It is fair as far as it goes, but there is none of it to speak of. Twenty thous and is a liberal estimate for the caval ry of the entire empire. The horses are vicious and don't begin to stand the long, hard rides that are endured by the American or Australian horse, Every Japanese cavalry soldier, in fact, is little more than a nurse to his evil minded little charger. Criticisms against the transport will be received with surprise, for much has been said in its praise, and justly, too. It is fine as far as it goes, but it goes such a little way and so slowly that it delays the whole cam paign. The Japanese during the war were dependent on four things for their transport-the local Chinese carts, the waterways, the railroad and their own transport carts. The Chi nese carts are clumsy and slow and cover the minimum distance with a moderate load with the maximum amount of noise, delay and turmoil. The waterways, such as the Liao riv er, were of enormous benefit to the Japanese and were used absolutely at the top notch of efficiency. But, un fortunately for the islanders, the wa terways were few and far between, and when the war closed they had reached the last point where the Liao was of value to them. After that they would have been dependent on their own carts and the line of the railroad. Trouble with Land Transport. The Japanese cart is very small, carrying between 800 and 1,000 pounds of supplies, ammunition or what not. Each cart requires a man, who must devote his entire time to keeping the pony from charging about and mixing up with his equally atrocious play mates. In other armies four horses driven by one man pull an average weight of a ton apiece. With the Japanese one horse attended by one man pulls less than half a ton and makes a terrible disturbance in doing that bit of work. The result has been that it took weeks and months for the Japanese to make a move. After they had made one advance they waited f- or long periods until the thousands of tiny carts could bring up food and am 3 munition for another advance. This I was a grave weakness in their grand 3 starategy, for no army can strike r quickly and effectively unless it can s keep its baggage and supply train al i ways in touch with it. The last great weakness to be men g tioned is the railroad, which, from an American point of view, is About the e worst built and worst operated bit of t line that one ever saw. In the first I place, the grades are inexcusably heavy, for Manchuria is not a difficult railroad country. However, the Rus - sians, not the Japanese, are respon d sible for this. Then the steel is light, I- being not over 48 pounds, and the a construction generally second class. .t The Japanese have changed the Rus t sian five-foot gage to suit the toy o equipment of their narrow gage im s perial railroad system in Japan. And ). here lies the greatest of all their a troubles. For how can they expect to I- do a man's work with a child's size r- railroad? Railroading in Manchuria. The dars are absurd little creations which hold six tons apiece and the en gines are built to haul 20 to 30 of these little cars at a time. The net result is that the line blocked with dozens of those absurd little trains, which all together carry less than is carried by one good sized American train. A single American locomotive weighs over 100 tons and pulls 40 cars each with a load of 50 tons, or a total pull of over 2,000 tons, or nearly twenty times what one Japanese en gine hauls. The disadvantages that the Japan ese have had to face because of these conditions are excusable, but the poor operation even of these small trains to an outsider seems a bit beyond ex cuse. The poor, wheezing little en gines are not responsible for their feebleness, but surely some one is re sponsible for the fact that hours and hours elapse at every siding. The dis tance from Mukden to Tieling is 40 miles. I have made the trip four times and never in less than four and a half to five solid hours, perhaps two of which were spent on si:lirgs waiting for another train down the line which was waiting for its schedule time to come around before it moved on to the next station. The Japanese, like the entire east, apparently fail to realize the value of time. They are better than the Chinese, who figure by days and weeks. The Japanese have got down to hours, but they have a lot to learn before they can operate railroads on American lines where the unit of time is not weeks, days or hours, but mla utes and seconds.