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The Billings Gazette.
Gazette Printing Company, Publishers Issued Semi-Weekly. TUESfAYS AND FRIDAYS. Subscription Rates. One year, in advance............ 3.U00 Six months .....................1.50 Entered at the Billings Postotlice as Second Class Matter. Tuesday, November 28, 1303. .NOT ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY. 'Regardless of what the probable ex ,ecutive action would be in the event the legislature were convened in spec ial session for the purpose of passing .a law creating a state board of rail road commissioners, it is doubtful .whether any real earnest and deep seated desire obtains with a majority for convocation of the legislature at the present time. The people have had one experience in this regard and I. is only reasonable to suppose that that were the same men who furnished that experience to be convened theyi would do pretty much as they did be fore. Even if they did not, it would still be an experiment and doubt as to Its results would exist. It is not to be denied that many, un 'doubtedly a majority, of the people of the state would like to see a railroad commission one of the state's insti tutions, but they want it to be effective and possessed of real power, with the "square deal" as the model for the law creating it, It is doubtful whether a measure could be devised and passed -within the short time that would be at 'the disposal of the legislature that would attain this ideal and meet with the approval of the governor. He has given proof that as the legislature was minded when sitting in regular session it did not reach the standard of his ideas in that respect and no reason ex ists for believing that either he or the legislature has changed opinions since then. Admitting this, there is strong probability that nothing would be ac complished. And then, too, legisla -tive sessions are expensive things. As the average legislature goes it is enough to have one convene biennial ly without going to the luxury of ses sions between times. Unless absolute and imperative necessity exists for extraordinary sessions none should be called. It cannot be said that occasion has now arisen when one should be convened. In only a little more than a year the time will be here when by law a session must be held. Let the intervening time be given to discus sion of the subject, so that when the legislature shall meet its members will be in possession of a comprehensive idea as to what is wanted and needed and can act intelligently. Further more, by that date no doubt national legislation will have been enacted, and, it is possible, of a nature so far reaching in its effects that a state board may not be needed. If this does not occur then the legislature may set itself to the lask of legislating for the people of the state. BETTER DAY COMING. While probably not all will agree -with the political part of his state ment, that the McKinley administra tion was the culture bed of the trusts, one of which is conspiring to the injury of the cattlemen of the state, yet a majority of the stock raisers will agree with M. E. Milner that things are not just what they should be and that their industry is suffering as it should not suffer. Mr. Milner is one of the prominent cattlemen of northern Montana and a few days ago submitted to an inter view by the Great Falls Tribune. The gentleman began his remarks' by re ferring to the prosperous year of 1902, when the stockman made more money than ever before or since. That year, as Mr. Milner recalls, England was en gaged in a war and made tremendous call on this country for meats, cured and canned; the packers were quarrel ing among themselves, grass was plenty and water in abundance on the range, while the service rendered by the railroads was as near perfect as could be. The success of those in the business caused many new men to en gage in it, who believed that the good times would continue indefinitely. But they ended with that year and since then things have grown con stantly worse, There have been droughts, heavy losses and the forma tion of the packers' trust. Scarcity of feed has. compelled the marketing of cattle at prices ruinously low, and the constant shrinkage of the range has forced reduction of herds. Mr. Miller lays particular stress upon the conditions prevailing this year. This Is what he says: "We have this year seen out cattle selling as though they were bankrupt stock upon a bargain counter. The average price of all beef steers sold hba been $.40 per hundred weight, and the average net loss to owners cannot have been less than ten dollars per head, when all sources of expense s and of loss are takn into considra tion." The gentleman then takes oc casion to speak of the advantages taken of the producer by calling atten tion to the proposed increase in the price of boots and shoes I. cause of the advance in the price of bides. He con tinues and says: "Now, many of our cattle have this season sold in the Chicago and St. Paul markets at not much above the price of green hides, which according to quality and weight, bring to the pur chasers of our cattle from eight to fourteen dollars per hide. Very few of the best dry cows have netted in Chicago twenty dollars. The carcass of a thousand pound cow will dress six hundred pounds of meat, which surely will not be sold by the packing concerns for less than five to eight cents per pound on the average. It will be seen that there is something rotten at the stock yards, in spite of the Garfield report in favor of the packers." Thus far Mr. Milner's views are en tirely and absolutely pessimistic, but he diverges and becomes more opti mistic. Saying that the American peo ple will not much longer tolerate the "piratical practices on the part of the packers, of railroads or any of the thieving trusts," he looks for new and better conditions. His reason for so believing is herewith given: "But the day of the range cattle business has already passed because of the settling up of the country, against which it is folly to contend. I Only those who are sagacious enough t to provide themselves with pastures e and with winter feed can remain in e the business. When that plan shall be t followed the autumnal glut of cattle in the Chicago market can be avoided by judicious shipments spread out from May until December The pres- I ent is the best time that has presented itself for many years to invest in the cattle business, for those who can t equip themselves to take care of their stock." MADE CENSORED ADDRESSES When Governor Douglas and the other shoe manufacturers appeared at the White house and made their plea for a :emoval of the duty on hides, ,bey did not say all tl .y w anted or had intended to say. The addresses made were delivered not as they had been written, but as censored by offi cers of the leather trust, another branch of the "beef" trust, to whom they were submitted before the delega tion departed for Washington. As originally prepared, the speeches con tained some decidedly pointed refer ences to the leather combine. These were carefully expunged and very lit tle was said to the president about the trust and its manner of oppressing the shoe manufacturers. The latter, much as they may have disliked it, could not help themselves and had to submit. All this and much more has come to the surface since the visit of the dele gation. Individual members of the delegation and other shoe manufactur ers have talked during the interim, and have talked plainly. Whether they have the right conception is not established, but they claim that the duty on hides is not beneficial to the farmer and the stock raiser, as they receive nothing for the hides of the animals they sell, and that the only ones benefitted are the packers. They control the United States Leather com pany, the official title of the leather trust. They dictate the price the cat tle raiser shall be paid for his animals and then dictate to the manufacturers how much they shall pay for the leather. One thing that places the shoe men in a more 'favorable light is the fact that in their representations to the president they declared perfect will ingness to submit to a reduction on the duty of shoes, provided congress would remove the duty on hides and enable them to go into the markets of the world for their raw materials. This, they maintain, would make them free of the leather trust and result in cheaper footwear for the people, with out any corresponding loss to the men who sell the animals from which the hides in this country are obtained. In addition to being at the mercy of the leather trust for their supplies of the unfinished material, the shoe man ufacturers claim they are threatened by that body in another direction. They say the combine is seeking to secure control of the machinery used in the manufacture of shoes. Should it suc ceed in this, then their cup of misery would be filled. a MILEAGE LAW CONSTITUTIONAL. f Hereafter the sheriffs of Montana ,f may no longer collect milage charges e for taking prisoners to the state peni s tentlary, insane to the asylum or bad children to the reform school. The s supreme court has affirmed the valid s ity of the law passed by the legisla ture last winter by which such officers e are to be paid only their actual ex t penses, and no more when making e trips of that kind. d The law was submitted on an t, agreed case, the sheriffs who were el icted last fall having decided to fig:, it on. constitutional grounds, hol!:1 that in effect It change:l their salaries being in that regara in violation of the onstitution, which declares that the pay of an elective officers may not be changed during the term for which ha is elected. They held that the fee of .en cents for every mile traveled by them in the delivery of persons to the stitutions named constituted a part ,f their reguiar salary. The case sel ected on which to make the test was that of Peter Scharrenbroich, sheriff of Lewis and Clark county, who pre sented a claim for expenses, based upon the mileage basis. This was dis allowed in part, payment being order ed in accordance with the new law. The matter was taken before Judge Clements of Helena, who ruled in favor of the sheriff, sustaining the con tention of the plaintiff in respect of the unconstitutionality of the law. An appeal was taken by the state and the matter was finally decided last Friday. Judge Clements was reversed, the full court concurring. The decision is one of importance to the people of the state, as it will mean a considerable saving every year to the taxpayers. Aside from this, it seems to be just. No reason exists why the sheriffs should be paid as they have been. Three cents a mile is the fair charged by the railroads and why the state should allow the sheriffs a profit of seven cents a mile has never been quite clear. On top of this is the fact that every sheriff in the state travels on a pass, so it costs them nothing, except for meals. in justification of the mileage charge the sheriffs argued that while appar ently they have been making hand some profits through the workings of the system, in the long run the money so made has only about offset the heavy expenses they are under when it becomes necessary to hire teams or horses for the service of papers at places remote from the railroads or when pursuing fugitives who have taken to the hills and prairies, as the charges for such means of conveyance I are usually far in excess of the amount I allowed by the state. Probably this Is so, but the trouble was that some 1 of the sheriffs worked the mileage 1 game too hard. Some of those in ex treme parts of the state, and some nearer, were not satisfied with an or- t dinary profit, but "hogged" it, making unnecessary trips and running up bills i that were astonishing for the amount they represented. Instead of employ ing guards and taking several prison ers at one time, many of them took only one, making a special journey for each man lodged by them in Deer Lodge. Sometimes it so happened that four or five men were convicted and by the time the last one was delivered to the warden the sheriff had a bill that was beyond all reason. It was this practice that caused the agi tation which finally resulted in the law now held to be constitutional. It is a good law and its validation meets with the approval of all, possibly the sheriffs alone excepted. HIS FINAL EXIT. Closely following that of Irving, comes the death of another man who at one time was but little less famous in the theatrical world than the great English 'actor. Daniel E. Bandmann, whom Montana for many years claim ed as one of its most distinguished citizens, has answered the last call and made his final exit from the world's stage. Death overtook him suddenly at his home near Bonner. Heart failure, brought on by an acute attack of indigestion, was the cause. Herr Bandmann was truly a great actor and gained fame and reputation on the stage of the old world, as well as that of the new. He was the son of an actor, consequently his talent was inherited. Born in Germany, where the drama has ever held a high place and where because of the great esteem in which the art of acting is held, it is given to very few to become prominent in the mimic world, he had acquired sidereal honors when yet but twenty-one years of age. His fame and renown had reached this side of the ocean and he was induced to come to America. His success in this coun try proved to be no less signal than in in his own and speedily he became one of the commanding figures on the boards. He was a student and scholar a man of genius, polished and possess ed of many sides. While eminent in all roles essayed by him, his greatest claim to distinction was achieved in his impersonation of Shylock, which was conceded to be the best ever seen. In this he appeared in many lands. Ellen Terry, who subsequently gave similar support to Irving, was his lead ing lady during the earlier part of his career. When he decided to leave the stage, Herr Bandmann selected Montana as the place in which to spend his re maining days. Near Bonner he bought a farm and devoted himself to rural pursuits. There he remained, occas ionally appearing in public, either in readings or at the head of a well train ed company of amateurs. His perfor mances at such times were usually for the benefit of some institution or cause that enlsited his sympathies. To Mr. Bandmann the orchardista of Montana owe a vast debt. It was he that made possible and successful the system of inspection of fruits and fruit trees that now obtains in the state. It was he that aroused the sense of dan ger existing in the codlin moth and San Jose scale, but it was not without great and persistent effort that he suc ceeded in gaining support. At first. he was derided and scoffed at, but he persevered and gradually had the sat isfaction of finding himself possessed of a large and influential following and legislation was enacted to cary out his plans for the preservation of the fruit industry of the state, which is destin ed to speedily be one of its greatest. While Montana will mourn him as one of its family, the news of his death will cause sorrow in many parts of the world. BUTTE'S LONGING SATISFIED. Whether it is a manifestation of that greed for more which often follows the possession of a generous amount of this world's goods and wealth, or whether it is simply a longing to In dulge in the luxuries that wealth makes possible, is now known, but the fact is that Butte is not satisfied with its million dollar payroll and some of the other things peculiarly its own and which have conspired to give it fame. It feels that something is lacking in the long list to complete, its happiness. Just what that missing ingredient is has troubled its people for a long time, and think and study as they bight they could not make up their minds what it was. At last its agony and worriment are over. The momentous and vexa tious question has been solved. A lit tle band of patriots, after months of hard thinking, pondering and cogitat ing has found the cure for Butte's un rest and longing, Butte needs a county fair and it is going to have one. The little matter that SIlver Bow is anything but an agricultural commun ity, that it possesses nothing in the way of horticulture, that its only or chards are the scrawny, straggling pines which here and there are still permitted to dot the mountain sides because of their worthlessness for min ing timbers; all these things amount to nothing. Butte wants a fair, a reg ular old fashioned thing, where pump kins as large as hogsheads. are entered for blue ribbons and where golden grain and grunting pigs are lined up for inspection by the judges, where the thrifty wife of the farmer competes with her neighbor for premiums for plum butter and where proud young men lead truculent bulls in front of the grandstand and others parade meek eyed cows in competition for honors. That's the sort of a fair it wants. Butte, proud, magnificent and power ful, does not propose to let any little village from away back beat it in things of that kind,-not so long as it has the money to indulge its taste for them. It can go down into the Deer Lodge and Beaverhead valleys and buy trainloads of produce, vegetables, cere als, cattle, sheep, swine and horses and dump them on the big flat below town. In that manner it can secure displays of the conventioal kind. With this for a groundwork it can add exhibits peculiarly its own, and add them with prodigious lavishness to cause the rest of the state to turn wild with envy. As a start in. that direction it could put on exhibition its board of county commissioners-there's not another one like it in Montana, yes, even in the whole country. Then there is its city council that stops the ordinary kinds of gambling and licenses pool rooms and permits slot machines to run double time. A nice little booth could be arranged for displaying one of its trial juries that are called to sit in the numerous murder cases. Another one could be devoted to an exhibition of an allegory representative of peace and harmony with F. Aug. Heinze and Sen ator Clark posing as the two central figures in the picture. Judge Clancy's whiskers and some of his famous de cisions would fill a large case, and the Honorable "Swede" Murphy, Mr. "An. heuser Kid"' and a few more whose names cannot just now be recalled could be made to do duty as visible and tangible embodiments of the gen ius of politics as practiced in the big mining camp As the climax for the rare and wonderful display there re_ mains the veracious correspondent of the Minneapolis Journal, who could be placed on a mound composed of the juicy sugar beets raised by the farmers of Butte. At stated times he could de. liver short talks on the science of beet culture, and the managers of the Butte sugar factory would undoubtedly be enterprising and loyal enough to donate barrels of sugar to be given away as souvenirs of the first fair ever held in the city made famous by the pPoduction of their article. By all means, Butte should hold a fair and the resorceful geniuses ro sponbeib!e for the idea should have their names engraved in letters a yard long, aunk a foot deep Into the blocks of copper from which it is proposed to erect floral hall. Their memory should never be permitted to perish. THESE ARE HISTORICAL DAYS. These are times when history is malking with astonishing rapidity, and the historian of the future will lay prtioular emphasis upon the closing days of 1905 and the men and events that made them memorable. New states have been created, old ones after centuries of existence as separate and distinct organizations, are losing their identity and forms of government and are undergoing changes that will leave them little resembling the powers as the world has grown to know and recognize them. Up in the far north of Europe a new kingdom has been created, or rather resumed its ancient rank as an inde pendent nation. In the far east an empire has lost its independence and become but little better than the vas sal of a larger and more powerfal neighbor. Autocracy is expiring in Russia and absolute rule already is only a reminiscence. The same spirit which brought about the change in the land of the czar is at work in other parts of the old world. Everywhere is the feeling of unrest manifesting Ltself and daily growing more insistent in its demand for greater liberty and men are clamoring for the right to live as God intended they should live, free and untrammeled, save only as they owe allegiance to him and with regard for order and regularity. The heav ing, groaning masses; may be kept in subjection a little longer, but the time is coming when out of the present travail will be born a new order of things, when the flkes of liberty lighted in the new, shall shed thefr light over all' the old world, when des& pot shall rule no longer and when the oppressed and downtrodden shall be 'freed from the tyranny and cruelty new weighing them down: FOR THE SECONDI TIME. Once more Senator Burton has been convicted and stands before his con stituents with the brand of a criminal on. his brow. Again has a, jury of his peers adjudged him guilty of the charge brought against him by the government he was elected to serve. Of" course, he will not permit the case to remain where it now rests. Already notice of an appeal has been given and nothing that money or inflhence can do in his behalf willl be overlooked. A higher court is still to pass upon him, and it is possible that, as once before, a technicality may result in a. reversal of the judgment now recorded against him. But even thould this oc cur; the Kansan will stand discredited before the nation and the respect and esteem once occorded him will be, gone. The fetich built up of quilps and tricks that has been permitted toe surround the courts until it often seems that law, justice, facts and ev erything else given cognizance by hon est, serious minded men are as naught when compared with hair splitting technicalities and rules, may save him, but the Truth will endure and this the people will not forget. MR. JEROME'S FUTURE. Portland Evening Telegram: Al ready there is talk among New York democrats of inducing District Attor ney Jerome to become the democratic gubernatorial candidate next year. Mr. Jerome has not been heard from with reference to the matter, but many of the politicians, alleged-since the elec tion- to be his friends, are urging that he will be the only logical candi date for the chief office in the state canvass which the democrats can put forward. Jerome is one of the characters in the country who have attained to a national reputation by the administra tion of a local office. His principal qualifications are fearlessness, untir ing energy and unwavering integrity of purpose. He has manifested all of these so clearly and to such good purpose that in sentiment he has rais ed a considerable following outside of his own state. As a consequence the shaping of his future political course is a matter of more than ordinary in terest in every section of the United States. Men like William Travers Jerome, because of his independent and vigor ous prosecution of the affairs of his office. That regard was immeasurab ly heightened when he persistently ad hered to his determination to be re elected to an office where there was yet much for him to do. They saw in this action the man who was wed ded to the discharge of duty irrespec tive of the fame and emolument at tached to advance in political for tunes. It is more probable' that if that ground were to be abandoned, through the temptation of attaining to the high er political positions, as suggested by his democratic friends, popular regard would lessen. It is doubtful even if throughout the state of New York he would be accepted with the same sen timent of loyalty to the public, rather than to personal benefit, which won for him in his recent campaign. Regarding Jerome's possible candi dacy from another standpoint, one will hardly escape the conviction that de feat would await him if he made the race for governor of New York. There can be no denying that he would en counter Tammany in the convention; and with the nomination captured, his cause would suffer from the partisan standpoint by the sullen opposition, if not the open hostility, of that organiza tion. No one will believe that with the comutLtutionaldy opposite characteris tics of these-Jerome and Tammany -the tiger would become forgiving. It would be found in such instance that the tiger changes its spots no more than the leopard. Tammany would strive its hardest to deal the death blow to Mr. Jerome's political ambitions; and, so far as the quietus might be administered by defeat in a state campaign, there is little doubt but the sachems and braves would bring that about. Mr. Jerome's career of usefulness just now lies in the administration of the office to which he was recently re-elected. Until his work is done, that will continue to be the feld where he can best add to his reputation and insure his political future. LOBBYING AT WASHINGTON. Omaha Bee: Already It appears. that preparations have been made by var ious interests to have their lobbyists at the national capital as soon as con gress assembles, ready to look after such interests in the event of any legis lation being proposed relating to them. It is said that not foe a good while,;. probably, have there been such mark ed symptoms of the presence of in jurious influences surrounding legis-. lation as are now to be noted. The Washington correspondent of an eastern paper remarks that there has been a. change in the methods of lobbying. The former direct plan of winning or controlling votes by one scheme or another has been to a large extent given up and the, later plan is to bring influence to Hear upon the constituents of legislatures, through bureaus of publicity, of which the railroads have given an example. It is stated that a. comparatively novel way in which the evil of lobby ihg is renewing itself is found in the effort to direct or infhlence the kind of news sent out by press representa tives. "This evil proceeds," it is said, "not so much from special interests themselves as from a certain small number of representatives of those special interests who happen to be seated in sundry administrative posi tions." It is asserted that in several of 'the different departments of the government a system has grown up of directing public opinion by the issue of so-called press bulletins, which are often well written and some of them onestly intended ,to afford informationh. to the press of tne country. On the oth- er hand some have a bias in favor of this or that cause or movement. An other evil noted is in the form of muzzling the press, 'though it does not appear that this has become par ticularly serious. It is altogether probable that lobby ing, in one form and another, will, be as conspicuous as usual during the coming session of congress. It is safe to say that the. railroads will be well represented and doubtless there are some other special interests, which will have their representatives' in the national capital with a view to seeing that no harm is done such interests. Congress can, of course, protect itself against the intrusion of lobbyists, with the exception of those men, by reason of having been members of that body, enjoy the right of admis sion to the floor of the two houses, but there is no way by which the congressman can guard himself, when not engaged in the performance of his duty, from the approaches of the lobbyist, unless he should go about disguised, and even such an expedient would probably not always be success ful. Discussion of means for doing away with the lobby evil has been going on for many years, but it still abides and seems likely 'to continue indefinitely. YOUNG FIELD DEAD. [ [By AssoIated Pness] Chicago, Nov. 27.-Marshall Field, Jr., died at 5 o'clock tonight at Mercy hospital. Mr. Field, who was the only son of Marshall Field, the multi-mil Itonaire of this city, was accidentally shot on the afternoon of Wednesday, November 221, while examining a new revolver, which he had purchased. CRAZED BY GOSSIP. Enraged Man Commits Frightful Tragedy Because of Slanderous Reports. Grand Haven, Mich., Nov. 27.-En raged by gossip to the effect tlat his wife cared more for his friend, Frank Dubrowski, than for himself, Carl Ko kosinski, a tinner at Pullman, lills., to day shot his wife and Dubrowski; shot and killed his little son Eddie, mor tally wounded his five year old son Max; shot and wounded a neighbor, Joseph Smith, who tried to stop the wholesales shooting, and then sent a bullet through his own brain, killing himself instantly. Dubrowski is dying, but the woman will recover. Rheumatism, gout, backache, acid poison, are results of kidney trouble. Hollister's Rocky Mountain Tea goes directly to the seat of the disease and cures when all else fails. 35 cents. Holmgs & Rixon.