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The Billings Gazette.
Sazette Printing Company, Publishers Issued Semi-Weekly. TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS, Subscription Rates. One )ear, in advance............$3.00 Six months.....................1.50 Entered at the Billings Postoffce as Second Class Matter. Friday, December 1, 1905. ISLE OF PINES. If the American colonists in the Isle of Pines really believed that their movement for annexation to the United States would prove successful they must be a disappointed lot. The letter of Secretary Root makes plain the fallacy of any hope they may have entertained in that direction. Not only does the secretary tell them that there is no procedure by which they can lawfully set up a territorial form of government in the island, but that they are bound to render obedience to -the laws of the republic of Cuba under -whose dominion they live or be pre pared to take the consequences, with out hope of interference from this nation. Plainly also he tells them not to build false hopes as to what the future may hold in store for them as regards any action likely to be taken by the United States in reference to changing the status of the island. The treaty now pending before the senate, if approved, he points out will relin quish any claim this country may pre tend to have to the island. But even though disapproved, it would still not alter the relative positions of the two countries; the Isle of Pines would be as much a part of the territory of Cuba as though the senate had agreed to the treaty. To make himself still clearer, the secretary tells the colon ists that to transfer the island formal ly to this country would necessitate a treaty directly contrary to the one now awaiting action by the senate, "and there is not the slightest pros geot of such a treaty being made. You may be sure," he adds, " that Cuba will never consent to give up the Isle of Pines and that the United States will never try to compel her to give it up against her will." This succinctly and forcibly sets forth the position of the administra tion and should for all time put an end to the silly talk of prejudiced and warped persons who have pretended to believe that the appeal of the Amer icans on the Isle of Pines would be taken advantage of by the president as an excuse for depriving a friendly and to a certain extent helpless na tion of what rightfully and justly be longs to it, regardless of right and in ternational law. Feebly it was at tempted to draw an analogy between the case of the Isle of Pines and Pana ma. Although knowing that abso lutely no similarity existed, partisan bias could not resist the temptation to belittle the president and place him in a wrong light before the people. In Panama citizens organized a revolu tion and declared for reinstatement of a former condition, a return td a con dition of actual independence and the recreation of a sovereign state, which Panama was before the union with Columbia. A regularly organized gov ernment was set up and immediately entered upon the discharge of its functions as such, giving every evi dence of stability and permanancy. It was then that this government recog nized Panama, as did other foreign nations and Panama as a separate state was given place in the world. Nothing of the kind can be said as regards the Isle of Pines. No actual severance was attempted there, unless it be said that the action of a few aliens who went through the pretense of organizing a territory under the laws and usages of the United States constituted such action. Not for a moment did they cease to be subject to the laws and government of the nation of which the island on which they found themselves formed a part and is now a part. They did not de clare themselves an independent state, nor did they go to the extent of main taining a form of government. In stead they asked that they be recog nized by the United States as a part of itself, a proposition impossible of entertainment. The fact that the Americans settled on the island under a misconception of the real situation and that they may have been induced to form a wrong be lief and build hopes not destined to fruition does not alter the matter. Much as some of us may regret that the island belongs to Cuba, and not to us, does not affect the question of right and wrong involved. We may be steeped in imperialism, as some of the well meaning but misguided men and women of the east insist, but we have eot yet reached the stage of imperial il where our conception of right and J suls Is so blunted as to impel us as a nation into the commission of a downright act of territorial robbery. The Isle of Pines belongs to Cuba and always will, unless the time comes, as many believe, when Cuba and all be longing to it shall become a part of the United States. That time as mat ters now seem to stand is a long ways hence. PROMISES INTERESTING TALE. Cassie Chadwick says she has changed her mind and if given the op portunity will tell much more than on her first hearing in the bankruptcy court. She has petitioned to have her case reopened and only asks to be permitted to tell all she knows. If what she hints at is really true, then, it is safe to say, strong effort will be made to prevent what she is asking for. Undoubtedly she 1l a wicked, dis honest, scheming woman, but it is only reasonable to suppose that with out assistance to some degree she could hardly have carried out her game of theft and dishonesty to the collosal extent that marked her op erations. For the sake of the information of undoubted value she can give it is to be hoped that she will be granted a rehearing. While it might not be productive of real good to the com munities in which she operated, her story would undoubtedly prove, as she says, highly interesting. If she has shielded those guilty with her self she should be permitted to tell her story and if it is capable of proof then others should go to prison witn her. LAST APPEAL FAILS. Evidently Mrs. Rogers is doomed to die on the gallows. The highest court in the land has passed upon her case and seen nothing in the record to warrant reversal of the judgment of the lower tribunals. It affirms their decree and declares that the law has been properly observed and that the defendant has not been deprived of any right that was hers. Governor Bell, who alone has it within his pow er to save the miserable woman's life, is quoted as saying that he will not interfere, that he does not intend to set himself above the courts who de cided that in taking the life of her husband she forfeited her own. Contemplation of the spectacle of a woman dying on the scaffold is grue some and revolting. American man hood rebels against it, but after all it is only sentiment that causes differen tiation between a female taker of hu man life and a male guilty of the crime. In the eyes of the law all are supposed to stand equal and the mat ter of sex is supposed to make no difference in the degree of punishment that is to be meted out for violation of its mandates. To hang Mrs. Rog ers is probably only justice, but it is the kind of justice that but few care to see carried out. A DEGRADED SPORT. Chicago's city council, much as it may have to answer for in other respects, is entitled to the distinguish ed regard of the country for the stand it has taken in reference to the so called game of football. While college presidents and others are engaged Jp academic discussions and deploring the brutality which now marks what was intended as a sport and pastime, the Chicago aldermen propose not to permit it within the territory over which their jurisdiction extends. If other cities were to do the same thing the cry now heard against the "game" would soon cease. There would be no playing, or the rules governing it would be so revised as to once more make football something to be toler ated and raise it above the level to which it has degenerated during re cent years. A contemporary asks, "Is football sport? Of course, it is sport, but of the same kind as prizefighting and purring matches, and its influence on those who play it is the same. Its ten dency is to brutalize, to dull the finer sensibilities and to exalt brute strength and brute force. The adher ents of it pretend that it serves a use ful purpose in fostering a spirit of fra ternity and institutional pride among students, while at the same time teach ing them self-reliance and developing physical courage. If it inspires fra ternity and college pride they are of the kin:l that find place in the minds of the fellows whose "gang" Is capable of worsting another "gang" whenever their paths happen to lead them to gether. Instead of fostering the spirit of true sportsmanship it has the op posite tendency. This has become evi dent of late in the many charges and counter charges of "professionalism." It has been tolerably well established that many of the men who are playing in the teams of the larger in stitutions are carried on the rolls of those schools, not because their educational qualifications make them eligible to entry in the dif ferent classes to which they are as signed, but because of their prowess on the football field. Hence ex-pugil ists, retired wrestlers and others pos sessed of brawn and muscle instead of brains and intelligence are playing all over the country under the colors of reputable institutions of learning as regularly enrolled students. So great has the craze become for distinction on the gridiron that the real purposes of a school are only too often made subservient to the training of bruiser; and fighters. Parents may complain that they send their sons to those places for the purpose of acquiring useful knowledge and not to learn to play football, but their complaints re main unheeded if their hopefuls but show themselves possessed of the re iuisite strength and coarseness of nature to shine in those prearranged rough-and-tumble fights called inter ;ollegiate football games. Their first luty is to the "team" and their obedi ence is due the professional trainpr -etained at an enormous salary to fit them for participation in those ructions. If any time remains be tween practice hours they may apply themselves to their books and studies, or between times they are supposedly free to do as they please, so long as they observe the stringent dietary ules and for the care of their physi ýal bodies prescribed for their obser vance. No one would find fault with foot )all were it kept within its proper ;phere and made a source of innocent, lealthful amusement for schools and pupils, an incident to school life. But ,his it has ceased to be. As now re tarded it is about all there is to a 'our-years' course at any of the col eges or universities. Intelligence and vit sufficient to understand signals Lnd to gouge and hit are all that is -equired, consequently many a youth ;raduates from the football field in stead of from the college to which he has been sent and at which he spent several years of valuable time that -ould have been devoted with much better results to himself and those who sent him there to the cultivation of muscle at the forge or in the foundry. His frame would have been no less sturdy and his sinews no less strong, while in intelligence and learning he would probably have been equally far advanced. AN INTERESTING SERIAL. With undiminished interest and e well sustained continuity of plot the serial appearing in the daily papers under the New York date line contin ues to reach those who care for that kind of literature. Although not of the blood and thunder order, the story is not lacking in the element of ex citement. The hero, of course, is Law yer Hughes and the way he brings out the truth and compels confessions of a questionable transactions and d - right dishonesty must prove refrei ing to the well minded reader. e cause of its length and completeness of detail very few will probably pe able to keep run of all the circum stances. While this interferes in res pect of keeping in mind the minutia, E it answers admirably the purpose of strengthening the conviction formed at the very beginning that all the ras cals who should be in the penitenitary are not there by a goodly number. 1 With rare skill Mr. Hughes is hand ling his case and continues to pile .p p evidence'of guilt on the part of men who heretofore have stood high in the estimation of their friends and acquaintances and enjoyed the esteem and confidence of the business world. From unwilling lips he forces confes sions as astonishing to read as tlley must be humiliating to .those making them. In a pitiless way are given to the world the secrets of how colos&~l fortunes havr been built up in a few years and how trusts have been viola ted and custody of funds belonging to others has been used in furtherance of private gains. Yesterday's install ment of the story was particularly rich in this regard. Unblushingly men told how they had speculated with money belonging to policy holders; how the company always stood to loose in case the speculations failed and how the manipulators pocketed the profits when success attended the ventures. More scandalous and dis reputable methods have never been employed by conscienceless men than those of the insurance officials who are now being forced to make public what they had hoped would always remain a secret known only to the small circle directly concerned. The worst is that the end seems to be as far off as ever. THE COMMISSION'S BILL. Diffeting in many essentials from that submitted by Senator Foraker is the bill for a law for governme'ltal control of the railroads which the interstate commerce commission has filed with the senate committee on interstate commerce. It comes nearer to being what popular demand calls for and will probably receive the sup port of the people for that reason, regardless of how the committee may regard it. The bill is what it purports to be Sa measure for control by the govern ment of interstate transportation. It goes without saying that the railroads will not consider it in a kindly way because it contains the very provi sions against which they are con tending, although it cannot well be said that it is unfair to them. While enlarging the power and scope of the commission, it is not unjust to the railroads, as it provides for appeal .o the courts in every instance where .hey may be dissatisfied with any or ler issued by the commission. The 2hief objection of the roads will prob ably be found in the provision which leclares that an appeal shall not act as a supersedeas, meaning that al though appeal may be taken, the or der appealed from shall continue in affect until vacated by the courts. This would have the result of afford .ng instant and prompt remedy to ag grieved shippers, without necessitat ing the long delay of going into court .irst and after months of waiting and itigation obtain a decision. Seemingly it is the desire of the com nission to place the railroads relative y on the same footing as the national banks as regards examination of their books and accounts by examiners ap pointed for that purpose. This, of course, is not for the purpose of as certaining their financial standing in respect of their solvency, but in order to afford opportunity to learn whether the law is being complied with. To keep the business of transportation within full and effective control of the commission, or rather the statute en forcement of which is made its duty, care has been taken that evasion may not'be practiced in cases where ship ments originating in the United States and destined to some other point in the country which to reach it is neces sary that they shall pass through a for eign country. To accomplish this it is provided that all goods so forwarded shall be made liable to the payment of a custom duty, unless the through rate governing the same is filed with the commission. As well as this can be done, pio vision is made against the payment of rebates or the granting of secret, spe cial rates to shippers by the clause forbidding the keeping of books of account other than those prescribed by the commission. This part of the law will probably be strongly opposedI by the railroads who have arrayed themselves against the president, but if, as they claim, they are really in earnest when they say that they would welcome any law which would release them from the power of the heavy shippers, who, they charge, actually force them into the payment of re bates and the granting of secret rates, it would seem that they have it in this very clause. As it reads the bill probably is satis factory to Presidents Whitney, Cassmtt and Mellen, who have gone on record as favoring governmental control, be ing in this respect at variance with the other gentlemen occupying execu tive positions with the greater sys tems. As before said, the bill will undoubtedly suit the people, but it may be relied upon to arouse strong antagonism from the railroads and the senators who insist upon a modified form of control. Two bills are thus far before the committee, varying greatly in their purport and objects. Others will be forthcoming, as it is known that sev eral of the members intend to sub mit bills. Even were no others to be offbred, ground already exists for spir ited and extended debate in the com mittee before its report to the senate shall be submitted. FOR UNIVERSAL PEACE. St. Louis Globe-Democrat: Repre sentative Bartholdt's address on the peace movement, which he has just delivered before a society cf one of the St. Louis churches, deserves wide publicity. Its author is well qualified to speak on that theme. He presided over the sessions of the interparlia mentary union which were held at the St. Louis world's fair in 1904. At the Brussels peace conference of 1905 he headed the American delegation, consisting of twenty or more members of congress. At that gathering he presented the American plan of main taining the peace of the world, of which he was the chief author. The American proposition at Brus sels was a permanent international parliament and a general arbitration treaty. This subject formed the basis for most of the discussions of the conference. The subject is large. It has an importance beyond anything else which can come up in internation al politics. The war just ended in Manchuria cost over $4,000,000,000, counting the destruction of property as well as the debts which it incited on both sides. The loss of life, from wounds in battle, from disease and from the regular exigencies of the service, was over 400,000, most of the deaths being among men in the early prime of life. And this way only one of the many wars which the world has had in the past half century. As Mr. Bartholdt pointed out in his address, Europe's military budgets just previous to the Franco-German war were $588,000,000 a year. They had advanced to $1,000,000,000 by 1893. They are $1,400,000,000 in 1905. The amount expended by the great nations for military purposes increas es far faster than does population, and the people's burdens, as a coa:s quence, grow constantly heavier. For a financial as well as humanitarian rea sons the greatest question which con fronts the nations is the invention of some plan whereby the differences be tween them can be settled" in court, just as those between individuals are in all civilized lands. America is taking the lead in dealing with this large ipsue. There is a prospect that the plan of the American delegates at the Brussels conference, or something en those general lines, will be agreed to ultimately by the powers, and wars will be diminished, and eventually abolished. SOUND PROSPERITY. Minneapolis Journal: Secretary Wilson, when he had finished his an nual report as head of the department of agriculture, could scarcely refrain from dropping into poetry, so wonder fully impressive were the facts and figures spread before him. One bit of sentiment found its way in. "Dreams of wealth production," he says, "could scarcely equal actual re sults; every sunset for five years has witnessed an increase in the value of the farms of our country of $2, 400,000." Every month has piled value upon value until it represents to day a gain per month of $102,000, 000, and since the census of 1900 was taken, the total farm value of the United States has increased by the great sum of $6,133,000,000. These are mighty figures and they speak of prosperity unparalleled in the world's history. Little wonder that the men who compile them and come in touch with the moving forces for which the figures stand, are tempt ed to give away to enthusiasm. While the lands of the farmer have been advancing, the farmer himself has not been idle. This past season he made a new record, turning out a total farm production of $6,415,000,000, a sum greater than the increase rep resented by land enhancement. Corn is again the greatest crop, in measur ed units of production as well as in value and it stands this year for $1, 216,000,000. Hay measures up to $605,000,000, cotton has a value of $575,000,000, wheat $525,000,000, milk and butter run to $665,000,000, and the great variety of farm production makes a diversity of items, each large in itself, and bringing the total to the figures above. There are many different ways' in which the effect of this production of new wealth may be shown, but prob ably no one thing makes it clearer than the turning of the wealthier farmers into the banking field. Of national banks, of $50,000 capitaliza tion or more, there were organized, since March 14, 1900, to October 31 of this year, 1,754 new banks, of which a majority represent 'the money of farmers, who have gone in both as depositors and stockholders. The whole exhibit is a wonder. But after one reads it, there is no longer wonder that the country is prosper ous nor can any doubt remain of the soundness of the advance in values in general. Prosperity that is based upon the farmers' prosperity is the real thing, and nowhere is the farmer more prosperous than in our own - northwest. UNDER THE BAN. Catholics Unchurched For Attending Divorced Man's Wedding. [By Associated Prees] Omaha, Nov. 30.-Bishop Richard Scannell of the Nebraska diocese of the Catholic church has declared ex communicated, ipso facto, all mem bers of the Catholic church who par ticipated in the wedding of Congress ian Kennedy and Miss Pritchett, Monday. There were a number of prominent Catholics present, including Mrs. Edward Cudahy, wife of the packing house magnate. Mrs. M. A. Hamilton, whose individual fortune is rated at over a million, was one of the bridesmaids. Congressman Ieennedy has a divorc ed wife living and for that reason the bishop issued last Sunday a pastoral forbidding all Catholics to participate in the ceremony. COMMANDER SINKS SHIP. Heroic Measure Taken to Save Life at Sebastopol. [By Associated Press] Sebastopol, Via Warsaw, Nov. 30. During the battle between the rebel and loyal vessels of the Black sea fleet a mining ship, which had 200 Whitehead torpedos and other explo sives on board, was sunk by her com mander, who feared that she would be struck by a shell. Some regiments with artillery have arrived here from Odessa and other places. DIE PITIABLE DEATH. [By Associated Press] Vancouver, Nov. 30.---With sure death facing them and without a fight ing chance left, eight men were caught in an ice jam at Coal creek below Forty Mile, Alaska, October 26. and drowned. MARKS EPOCH FOR ISRAEL (Continued from Filst Page.) rejoice in the good which the settle ment we commemorate has brought to the nation in which we all find safety and protection; and, uninterrupted by differences in religious faith, let us, under the guidance of the genius of toleration and equality, here conse crate ourselves more fully than ever to united and devoted labor in the field of our common nation's advancement and exaltation." President Roosevelt's Letter. President Roosevelt's letter read as follows: "The White House, "Washington, November 16, 1905. "My dear Sir: "I am forced to make a rule not to write letters on the occasion of any celebration, no matter how important, simply because I can not write one without either committing myself to write hundreds of others or else run ning the risk of giving offense to worthy persons. I make an exception in this case because the lamentable and terrible suffering to which so many of the Jewish people in other lands have been subjected makes me feel it my duty as the head of the Amer ican people not only to express my deep sympathy for them, as I now do, but at the same time to point out what fine qualities of citizenship have been displayed by the men of Jewish faith and race, who, having come to this country, enjoy the benefits of free in stitutions and equal treatment before the law. I feel very strongly that if any people are oppressed anywhere, the wrong inevitably reacts in the end on those who oppress them; for it is an immutable law in the spiritual world that no one can wrong others and yet in the end himself escape un hurt. "The celebration of the 250 anni versary of the settlement of the Jews in the United States properly empha sizes a series of historical facts of more that merely national significance. Even in our colonial period the Jews participated in the upbuilding of this country, acquired citizenship, and took an active part in the development of foreign and domestic commerce. Dur ing the revolutionary period they aided the cause of liberty by serving in the continental army and by substantial contributions to the empty treasury of the republic. During the civil war thousands served in the armies and mingled their blood with the soil for which they fought. I am glad to be able to say, in addressing you on this occasion, that while the Jews of the United States, who number more than a million, have remained Joyal to their faith and their race traditions, they have become indissolubly incorporated in the great army of American citizen ship, prepared to make all sacrifice for the country, either in war or peace, and striving for the perpetuation of good government and for the mainten ance of the principles embodied in our constitution. They are honorably dis tinguished by their industry, their obedience to law and their devotion to the national welfare. They are en gaged in generous rivalry with their fellow citizens of other denominations in advancing the interests of our com mon country. This is true not only of the descendants of, the early settlers - and those of American birth, but of a Sgreat and constantly increasing pro - portion of those who have come to our - shores within the last 25 years as ref ugees reduced to the direst straits of Spenury and misery. All Americans Smay well be proud of the extraordinary Sillustration of the wisdom and strength Sof our givernmental system thus af 3 forded. In a few years, men and fwomen hitherto utterly unaccustomed to any of the privileges of citizenship, - have moved mightily upward toward Sthe standard of loyal, self-respecting 1 American citizenship; of that citizen 3 ship which not merely insists upon its rights, but also eagerly recognizes its duty to do its full share in the material, social and moral advancement of the nation. e "With all good wishes, believe me, Sincerely yours, "THEODORE ROOSEVELT. "Jacob H. Schiff, Esq., - Chairman, Committee on the Celebra 1 tion of the 250th Anniversary of the a Settlement of the Jews in the United O States, 52 William Street, New . . York." COURT MARTIAL CLOSES. Only Announcment of Verdict in Meri wether Case Remains. [By Associated Press] Annapolis, Md., Nov. 30.-Except for the announcement of the verdict, after it shall have been passed upon by the secretary of the navy, the Meriwether court martial insofar as the public is concerned, is at an end. Today was almost wholly given ov er to arguments of counsel. Calling cards at The Gasette of.ic