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The Billings Gazette.
Gazette Printing Company, Publishers Issued Semi-Weekly. TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS. Subscription Rates. One year, in advance............ $3.00 Six months.......................1.50 Entered at the Billings Fostotice as Second Class iMatter. Friday, January 26, 1906. BLOCKING RATE LEGISLATION. While a majority of the democratic newspapers of the country are con tinually demanding the prompt enact ment by congress of a rate law, lead ing members of the party in both houses are plotting and scheming to prevent it. Like all persons in cabal, they are working secretly and quietly, but, they hope, none the less effective ly. The plot they have laid is a deep one. Not only do they expect to de feat the efforts of the president, but do it a way that will make it appear that the responsibility for defeat rests upon the administration. Although the scheme extends to the house, it is in the senate where success is looked for. Gorman, always conspicuous for his leanings toward corporations, is en gineering the intended blockade in the senate. In the house the democrats in tend to stand for their own measure, although on final roll call they may vote for the Hepburn bill. The meas ure will then go to the senate, where it will be made the basis for an admini stration bill. It is taken for granted that without democratic assistance the outlook for success of the bill is not the brightest. Here is where Gorman will come in. He will use his influ ence and powers of persuasion to con vince his fellow democrats that it would be poor politics to vote for a republican measure. Whether he suc ceeds remains to be seen, but the chances are that he will come very near it. If he does it will leave mat ters in a peculiar condition. Commenting on the situation thus likely to be brought about, a usually well informed and conservative Wash ington corespondent, assuming that Gorman is successful, says: "The ad ministration forces are confronted by three alternatives: "First, they must accept the demo cratic bill in the senate; or, second, they must accept the bill put forward by Foraker, Elkins and Kean; or, third, they must face the fact that there will be no legislation of any kind. "The democratic senate bill will be patterned after the house democratic bill and will be ultra radical in char acter. The democratic party would never in the world stand for such a bill if it were in control of both houses of congress. "The Foraker-Elkins-Kean bill is so 1 mild as to be ineffective, and, besides, it carries the court feature, which many leaders believe to be unconsti tutional." The scheme is one worthy of the mind that has conceived it. Gorman is first and above all things a poli tician. Under pretense of willingness to do what the people demand, he and his supporters are in reality exerting their utmost efforts to prevent it. No matter what others may think of the methods, the men practicing them see in them a way to fool the people. They are in politics for selfish purposes, and trickery and deceit are the biggest share of their assets. OF MIXED PARENTAGE. After great travail a rate bill has been born in the house sonimittee on interstate and foreign commerce. Al though given the name of the distin guished republican representative from Iowa, the child's parentage is of the composite order, its birth resulting from a compromise arrived at between the two parties. As amended the bill met with the views of the democrats and its passage by the house has been unanimously recommended. In spite of the many rumors to the contrary which have been sent out, it seems that at no time was there a serious disagreement between the members of the committee. The prin cipal difference related to verbiage. In this the republicans deferred to the wishes of the democrats and a speedy agreement followed. Having had their way in committee, it now becomes the duty of the minority to give the meas ure as reported their unqualified sup port. They are left without a pretext for withholding it, as no bill represen. totive of their views is now before the bijae which has the endorsement of toe..ommittee membership. The amendment to the original bill far as it relates to a maximum rate ' be objectlonable to no one who is S y In sympathy with the president his efforts to place transportation rates under federal control. It may not be said to be radical or unreason able.- A "just, reasonable and fairly remunerative rate" is to be fixed by the commission in all cases where dis pute arises between shipper and trans porter, which shall be the maximum rate that may be charged. There is nothing suggestive of confiscation in this. It is all that the carrier should in reason ask, while the shipper can ask no less. The other amendment which has to do with the number of members of the interstate commerce commission is al so entitled to endorsement. Seven men should be ample under any and all circumstances. Probably five would be enough. Nine, as originally propos ed, would be too many, as it would make the body unwieldy and add to the difficulty of arriving at a satisfac tory understanding where anything akin to a serious difference of opinion arose. It is much more difficult for a large body of men to arrive at a com mon opinion than for a smaller one. ONE MORE TARIFF WALL. In the news of Russia's decision to put into effect a new tariff on imports the advocates of a dual tariff for this country have further argu ment on their side, assuming tnat the policy of reciprocity is not to be adopted. As the report has it, within a short time Russia will in effect bar the major portion of the large list of articles we are now exporting to that country, by reason of the immense advance that is to be made in the duty on farming machinery, electrical supplies and the various other wares and things for which we have built up a market over there. While, of course, made general in its effects, the new taiff law will hurt American the most. Germany has entered into reciprocal trade relations with the Russ and under the advan tage thus secured expects to take America's place in supplying the large list of articles formerly bought from us. Unless a maximum and minimum tariff law is passed, this country will be practically helpless and will be campelled to see others enjoy the benefit of a trade that it took years of patient and persistent effort to build up, as we will be with out the means of retaliation. With Russia and Germany threatening to close their doors against us, it would seem that something would have to be done to prevent the one-sided trade relations now apparently confronting us. SPICY PROCEEDINGS, To the spectators the proceedings in Judge Humphrey's court must prove interesting and entertaining. Certain ly they may not complain of dryness and a lack of spice. The exchanges of pleasantries between counsel for the government and the accused thus far have been frequent and without much restraint. In this little byplay they have the permission of the court to go as far as they will, so long as they remain within the bounds of de corum and reason. He is showing no favors. In response to the complaints of the defense that the attorney for the prosecution was indulging in ar gument, instead of making a mere pre sentation of facts or statement to the jury, Judge Humphrey simply replied that the other side had done the same thing, and let it be understood that he did not propose to differentiate, much as the lawyers for the packers might like it. Notwithstanding their imposing ar ray of counsel, as compared to the numerically insignificant display made by the government, the packers seem to realize that the facts are against them. Like all defendants who find themselves in tight quarters, they have raised technicalities, instead of depending upon a determination of the facts at issue to establish their in nocence. As District Attorney Morri son aptly remarked, while they are charged with violations of the law, they have not answered a single one of the accusations made against them, but seek to escape trial on petty tech nical grounds. It might be unfair to use this as a basis for an argument of their guilt, but to the ordinary lay mind it looks very much as though I they dreaded trial upon the facts at the command of the government. 1 The complaints made in certain quarters that the department of jus 3 tice has not shown sufficient energy t in the prosecution of the cases against I the packers are hardly fair. The de 3 lay complained of was necessary if the government's agents were really In 2 earnest to prosecute the accused. The a facts and testimony needed to com ' plete the case of the prosecution were r not easily obtained and to have gone a into court without them would have been worse than useless. Every pro secutor knows this. As to the alleged t disparity between the ability of the respective counsel, that is something a which in the present instance has not f manifested itself thus far to any alarming extent. Mr. Morrison and 1 the gentlemen assisting him seem to a be thoroughly able to take care of s themselves and the interests of the t government. At least nothing has 1 developed to show the contrary. How ever, it is a fact that in many cases prosecuted by the government the pro secution stands at a disadvantage in respect of the ability of its lawyers. This will always be so until provision is made for more generous compensa tion of the men the government re tains. The great corporations and trusts can afford to pay almost any amount for legal services, and they do it every day. It is safe to say that in the case of the packers not an at torney retained by them receives as little as the salary of the prosecuting attorney amounts to for an entire year. Now and then a great lawyer is to be found who is willing to accept appointment under the government to fight its cases against the men and bodies of men possessing millions, re garding it as a matter of duty, but usually they are to be seen on the other side. GOOD WORK QUICKLY DONE. As will be seen in the news columns of this issue of The Gazette, the bill creating a new land district in Mon tana and making Billings headquart ers of it has passed both houses of congress. It will be presented to the president today for his signature to give it the force and effect of a law. The measure is one of great impor tance to the people of a large area, as it will add materially to their comfort and convenience. In respect of its bearings on Billings little need be said, for the accruing benefits are too well understood to warrant elabora tion. The prompt and successful manner in which the bill has been handled by Senator Carter and Rep resentative Dixon, who directed its course through the two houses of congress, entitles them to grateful recognition on the part of the citizens of Billings, for they have rendered them signal service. GOING AGAINST HIM. Basing opinion upon the testimony as it has been given to the press, it would seem at this distance that Judge Deuel not only has no ground for his action against Colliers Weekly, but that he made a serious mistake when he instituted it. His connec- I tion with the disreputable sheet I known as Town Topics has been so I thoroughly aired that he may never 4 hope to again stand before the peo ple of his community as he did be fore the truth came out. In effect he has admitted the very charges which he claims were libelous. While on the bench of one of the courts of New York he not only drew pay as coun sel for Town Topics, but also acted in the capacity of one of the editors of that publication. It has been fur thermore proved that he was one of the active promoters of the book called "Fad and Fancies," an instru ment used by Mann and the others connected with him for extorting money from those supposed to have more than they needed. How well they succeeded has been shown by the testimony of Colonel Mann. Thou sands were forced from persons as the price of immunity from scurril ous attacks. Where any of tnose ap proached showed hesitation in com plying with the demands they were covertly threatened and made to understand that it would perhaps be best for them to submit to the bleed ing operation. In what fear Mann has been held appears in his own statement that he succeeded in "borrowing" something like two hundred thousand dollars from the Whitneys, Vanderbilts, Hun tingtons and others of New York's wealthy set, repaying them in shares of stock in his company at the rate of a thousand dollars a share, the par value of which was only ten dol lars. Not only does the defense appear to have made out its case, but Deuel will probably be called upon to defend himself against proceedings to oust him from office. TO RESTORE THE CANTEEN. In the keeping of the house com mittee on military affairs is a bill to restore the canteen in the army. Its introduction is due to Representative Morrell of Philadelphia. The dispatch which brings the in formation says it was "introduced without flourish of trumpets." This goes without saying. Had it been generally known that such a measure had been presented much would have been heard ere this from those who caused abolition of the institution and since then have successfully resisted every atempt made to rectify what is conceded by a large majority to have been a mistake. It is said there is more than a possibility that the bill will be favorably reported, but if made, the report will not issue until after the committee room has been the scene of a battle of no small pro portions. Mr. Morrell takes the sensible and reasonable ground that the lawmakers should permit themselves to be guided by the reports and testimony of the secretary of war and army officers of every grade that to restore the can teen gould be a blessing to the army and to the service. In submitting his bill he quoted from the report of the secretary of war setting forth that the present law is to be held responsible for increase in desertions, drunken ness, disease, insubordination and moral degeneration of every, form in the army. As a civilian the Philadel phia gentleman does not presume to set up his judgment in opposition to that of those who certainly should be competent to pass upon a matter I so closely relating to themselves and coming directly under their observation and province. Every argument is on his side, but unfor tunately it does not always follow that argument is effective, particularly when it is attempted to be used in governing the action and judgment of men who have selfish motives to 1 direct them. While no doubt many of the congressmen are personally in favor of such a law as Mr. Morrell proposes, yet fear of offending a con siderable portion of their constituency impels them to vote contrary to their own judgment and against that which they know and believe to be right. As has been said so often and correct ly, army officers have no votes. That explains the secret of the success 1 anti-canteenists and the contemptu ous manner in which the advice and which has attended the efforts of the petitions of the army have been treated. Butte's police force has found a way of getting around the tender hearted o juries of that place who insist upon discharging the criminals brought be fore them. Instead of permitting holdups and other outlaws to be liberated after the formality of a trial, the officers simply arrest them and lock them up in the city jail. Before they are needed again the fellows walk out and are heard of no more. This not only rids the city of a dan gerous lot of men, but also saves the trouble and expense of trials. It also has the additional advantage that it assures their cc Linued absence, whereas if they were to be tried and acquitted they would teel free to re main and cause more work. Zest has been added to the row be tween the officials of Silver Bow coun ti which has been a continuous per formance for months and years. A lady owing her appointment to a clerkship to one of the factions has slapped the jowl of a fellow belonging to the opposition whom she accuses of writing her insulting notes and em ploying offensive language in address ing her. Some way should be found of giving her a life tenure on the position she holds and a collection would then be in order for the purchase of a load of clubs to be worn out by her in run ning the entire gang from the state, much as such a proceeding might cut into the news supply of the Butte re porters. Until Doctor Funk produces evi dence more convincing than he has thus far seen fit to offer he should not be offended if he meets occasion ally a doubting Thomas. He may have had converse with the ghost of Doctor Hodgson, but the message he claims to have received from the shade of the late president of the Psychical Research society is too sug gestive of those from the departed de livered indiscriminately at the meet ings where it costs a quarter to gain admittance. Salvation having been free so long that the novelty of it has worn off, a St. Louis preacher has devised a new way of bringing the sinner within the fold. He offers trading stamps to all who attend his church, with some of extra value to those who succeed in inducing others to hear his sermons. Either the religious spirit of the St. Louisans is growing decidedly cold or the reverend gentleman who has adopted the innovation is a mighty poor sermonizer. With Hetty Green becoming so care less as to accept a counterfeit half dollar and Russel Sage arrived at the degree of recklessness where he spends more than an hour looking for a penny dropped while making change at a news stand, the country might as well prepare itself for another plea from Schiff for a currency more re sponsive to the sudden demands for an increase in the circulating medium which now and then arise. Having established the fact that he is afflicted with aphasia, Senator De pew is now calmly awaiting the next attack by an investigating committee. The discovery of his mental condi tion was made a little too late for use before the Armstrong committee, but it may come in handy later, es pecially in view of the stories of un usual activity on the part of New York's attorney general. Unlike medals, the reward it is pur posed to give to Captain Mark Casto and his crew, cannot be handed down to future generations as substantial evidence of heroism on the part of worthy forebears, but the trim craft which they are to be given will un doubtedly answer a practical purpose better, while at the same time coming up to the sentimental requirements of the occasion. Considering the unenviable manner in which that distinguished gentle man recently figured in connection with certain sensational news, the managers of the Illinois Steel com pany were unfortunate in selecting the name of the president of the United States Steel corporation as the one to be bestowed upon the model town they intend to build. Some how it strikes the observer as an in congruity. So far as the controversy between the Mine Workers and the Western Federation is concerned, the president of the eastern organization seems to have the better of the argument. He supplies names and dates to prove his contention that the western men are entitled to but little considera tion from the body whose head he is. Miss Alice is manifesting a com mendable regard for the feelings of the colleagues of Mr. Nicholas, but if she persists in her determination to invite congress to attend the wedding she may as well prepare herself for a declination from at least one mem ber of the upper house. As compared with the amount of rich, red blood that it was provoca tive of flowing, the first anniversary 'of "Red" Sunday made a poor show ing along side of the day it was in tended to commemorate, but in all other regards it more than made up for the difference. If the Armenians and Tartars will only be permitted to continue their pleasing task of exterminating one another promise is held out that the Caucasus question will in time settle itself effectively and permanently, while also insuring lasting peace in that troubled province. Butte's police force has redeemed itself. Its chief has personally ar rested a man charged with being one of the "holdup" gentry. The fact that the man hunted up the chief and sur rendered himself should not be per mitted to detract from the glory at taching to the feat. Judging from the news that Paris and Washington send out, President Castro is in imminent danger of feel ing the application of the shingle. It also seems manifest that when ad journment to the woodshed is taken Uncle Sam will not raise an objection. Some one has evidently given the "territorial secretary' of the Isle of Pines a wrong bieere. The action of the senate committee a few days ago is not calculated to give him and his fellow seceders much comfort. A land office in the hand is worth a collection of railroads in the bad lands. A REPLY TO MR. SHAW. Minneapolis Journal: One of our state officials has administered a neat calling down to Secretary Shaw, and it is to be hoped that the guardian of the national treasury will see the point of it. Mr. Shaw has lately been talking in favor of raising the limit of loans from national banks. They are now restrained from loaning more than ten per cent of their capital to any one individual or corporation. The big deals of today often call for large short-time loans, and Mr. Shaw would raise the limit, because "the great borrowers of today will scarcely sub mit to dividing what they want among ten different banks in order to secure the full sums they require." Apparently the secretary is willing to wink at violations Df the national banking law, because great borrowers will "scarcely submit" to their en forcement, and because the law can not be enforced, he wants it amended to give greater latitude. If present rules are not enforced, what guarantee have we that more loose restrictions will not also be abused? Public Examiner Kerst, in a signed statcnent, has taken issue with Sec retary Shaw. He says that, in the cases where large sums are required on short loans, sound banking would require the division of the loans, just as fire insurance companies divide large risks. Minnesota state banks are held strictly to the legal limit of fifteen per cent and have no trouble in doing business on that basis. Such statements as those voiced by Secre tary Shaw, he holds, are "demoraliz ing in their influence both upon bank ers and bank examiners." "With the spreading of such philos ophy by those high in authority," says Mr. Kerst, "the country is threatened with the near approach of the day when our banking laws shall become a farce, and when loose and lawless banking, connived at by weak and un scrupulous officials, shall seriously undermine the financial standing and prosperity of the country." But the sting of the Kerst interview is found in the final paragraph, where the Minnesota examiner says: "It strikes me that the lesson of the half-dozen national bank failures dur ing the past year, in Chicago, Pitts burg, Topeka and Faribault, is that, what the country needs is a more strict rather than more loose compli ance with the banking laws, and par ticularly the laws governing loans." In other words, do not stretch our safeguarding laws in the interests of frenzied financiers, but enforce them in 'the interests of financial stability. Mr. Kerst's point seems to be well taken. MAN'S RIGHT ASSAILED. Baltimore American: In a recent divorce case the wife, seeking release from her matrimonial bonds, made the plea that among her husband's many faults was his persistent refusal to get up when she called him in the morning. Even though his breakfast was ready and waiting smoking hot on the table, he would, after being awakened by her summons, roll over for another nap and refuse to get out of his warm and comfortable bed un til he felt so inclined. Records of this earth since the days when man made his first appearance upon it will show, if they are carefully examined, that such cases have not been uncommon. Nor are they confined to any country, any clime or any age. Sleep has al ways been counted a natural born lux ury which all may enjoy in common, and no one has yet dared to make a law that shall limit its use. A recent writer on this subject, which has a direct personal interest to each and all of the sons of men, :alls attention to the fact that in win ter we sleep on an average two hours longer than in summer. Using as an example those who lead very regular lives, and who do all their work in the daytime, he says they get up at four or five o'clock in the morning in the summer, while in winter they are not apt to leave their beds until eight or nine. From this, he argues, with con siderable force, that man has the same instinct of hibernation as many of the lower animals, though he does not indulge in it to the same extent. No doubt there are a few who would prefer to give at least one-half of their time to sleep, but they sacrifice them selves to the demands made upon them by business and by other duties that call them from their beds long before they are anxious to leave it. There does not appear to be any good reason why a man's love for slumber should cause friction in the household. It would seem an easy problem to arrange the breakfast hour to suit without denying to the suppos ed head of the establishment the right to enjoy a reasonable amount of this great blessing, this necessary prepar ation for the work of the day. No man should allow himself to be made a slave of the kitchen, a serf to the breakfast bell. He should insist on his right to sleep as long as he choos es and should tolerate no interference with the right. LIBELS AMERICAN WOMANHOOD. Boston Transcript: A minister in New York declares that alcoholism among women is alarmingly on the in crease, and that the feature of the re public is thereby in danger. This sen sational lament is getting to be as regular as it is unfounded in fact. It is getting to be the fashion to make accusations of social corruption which everyday experience shows are both hasty and exaggerated. The cause of temperance generally is making good headway in these times; all statistics show a commendable improvement in the spirit of the age in its attitude to ward drunkenness, and it is a libel on American womanhood to assert that drunkenness is getting to be an habit ual feminine vice. But as few pay any serious attention to such charges, per haps no great harm is done by their periodical reiteration by those in want of sensational topics for public utter ances. NEEDS AMENDING. Wall Street Journal: Thomas B. Reed, some ten or fifteen years ago, called this "a billion-dollar country." This will have to be amended to read "a three-billion-dollar country." Ev erything has expanded immensely. Fif teen bars ago, for instance, our for eign commerce aggregated only about $1,500,000,000. The figures given out yesterday from Washington show that the total commerce in 1905 was $2, 966,000,000. NOTICE. Regular Annual Meeting. Office of the Donovan-McCormick Company, Billings, Montana, Janu ary 23rd, 1906. Notice is hereby given that the regular annual meeting of the Stock holders of the Donovan-McCormick Company will be held at the office of the said company in Billings, Mon tana, on the 12th day of Febraury, 1906, at 2 o'clock P. M., for the elec tion of directors and officers for the ensuing year, and for the transaction of such other business as may come properly before that meeting. Signed T. C. POWER, President. Attest, J. WARD HUSE, Secretary. 78-4 Latest styles in job printing at the Guette otfce. I' '--·-- ---·-