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The Billings gazette. [volume] (Billings, Mont.) 1896-1919, January 26, 1906, Image 4

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The Billings Gazette.
Gazette Printing Company, Publishers
Issued Semi-Weekly.
TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS.
Subscription Rates.
One year, in advance............ $3.00
Six months.......................1.50
Entered at the Billings Fostotice as
Second Class iMatter.
Friday, January 26, 1906.
BLOCKING RATE LEGISLATION.
While a majority of the democratic
newspapers of the country are con
tinually demanding the prompt enact
ment by congress of a rate law, lead
ing members of the party in both
houses are plotting and scheming to
prevent it. Like all persons in cabal,
they are working secretly and quietly,
but, they hope, none the less effective
ly. The plot they have laid is a deep
one. Not only do they expect to de
feat the efforts of the president, but
do it a way that will make it appear
that the responsibility for defeat rests
upon the administration. Although
the scheme extends to the house, it is
in the senate where success is looked
for.
Gorman, always conspicuous for his
leanings toward corporations, is en
gineering the intended blockade in the
senate. In the house the democrats in
tend to stand for their own measure,
although on final roll call they may
vote for the Hepburn bill. The meas
ure will then go to the senate, where it
will be made the basis for an admini
stration bill. It is taken for granted
that without democratic assistance the
outlook for success of the bill is not
the brightest. Here is where Gorman
will come in. He will use his influ
ence and powers of persuasion to con
vince his fellow democrats that it
would be poor politics to vote for a
republican measure. Whether he suc
ceeds remains to be seen, but the
chances are that he will come very
near it. If he does it will leave mat
ters in a peculiar condition.
Commenting on the situation thus
likely to be brought about, a usually
well informed and conservative Wash
ington corespondent, assuming that
Gorman is successful, says: "The ad
ministration forces are confronted by
three alternatives:
"First, they must accept the demo
cratic bill in the senate; or, second,
they must accept the bill put forward
by Foraker, Elkins and Kean; or,
third, they must face the fact that
there will be no legislation of any
kind.
"The democratic senate bill will be
patterned after the house democratic
bill and will be ultra radical in char
acter. The democratic party would
never in the world stand for such a
bill if it were in control of both houses
of congress.
"The Foraker-Elkins-Kean bill is so 1
mild as to be ineffective, and, besides,
it carries the court feature, which
many leaders believe to be unconsti
tutional."
The scheme is one worthy of the
mind that has conceived it. Gorman
is first and above all things a poli
tician. Under pretense of willingness
to do what the people demand, he and
his supporters are in reality exerting
their utmost efforts to prevent it. No
matter what others may think of the
methods, the men practicing them see
in them a way to fool the people. They
are in politics for selfish purposes, and
trickery and deceit are the biggest
share of their assets.
OF MIXED PARENTAGE.
After great travail a rate bill has
been born in the house sonimittee on
interstate and foreign commerce. Al
though given the name of the distin
guished republican representative from
Iowa, the child's parentage is of the
composite order, its birth resulting
from a compromise arrived at between
the two parties. As amended the bill
met with the views of the democrats
and its passage by the house has been
unanimously recommended.
In spite of the many rumors to the
contrary which have been sent out, it
seems that at no time was there a
serious disagreement between the
members of the committee. The prin
cipal difference related to verbiage. In
this the republicans deferred to the
wishes of the democrats and a speedy
agreement followed. Having had their
way in committee, it now becomes the
duty of the minority to give the meas
ure as reported their unqualified sup
port. They are left without a pretext
for withholding it, as no bill represen.
totive of their views is now before the
bijae which has the endorsement of
toe..ommittee membership.
The amendment to the original bill
far as it relates to a maximum rate
' be objectlonable to no one who is
S y In sympathy with the president
his efforts to place transportation
rates under federal control. It may
not be said to be radical or unreason
able.- A "just, reasonable and fairly
remunerative rate" is to be fixed by
the commission in all cases where dis
pute arises between shipper and trans
porter, which shall be the maximum
rate that may be charged. There is
nothing suggestive of confiscation in
this. It is all that the carrier should
in reason ask, while the shipper can
ask no less.
The other amendment which has to
do with the number of members of the
interstate commerce commission is al
so entitled to endorsement. Seven
men should be ample under any and
all circumstances. Probably five would
be enough. Nine, as originally propos
ed, would be too many, as it would
make the body unwieldy and add to
the difficulty of arriving at a satisfac
tory understanding where anything
akin to a serious difference of opinion
arose. It is much more difficult for a
large body of men to arrive at a com
mon opinion than for a smaller one.
ONE MORE TARIFF WALL.
In the news of Russia's decision to
put into effect a new tariff on imports
the advocates of a dual tariff
for this country have further argu
ment on their side, assuming tnat the
policy of reciprocity is not to be
adopted. As the report has it, within
a short time Russia will in effect bar
the major portion of the large list of
articles we are now exporting to that
country, by reason of the immense
advance that is to be made in the
duty on farming machinery, electrical
supplies and the various other wares
and things for which we have built
up a market over there.
While, of course, made general in
its effects, the new taiff law will hurt
American the most. Germany has
entered into reciprocal trade relations
with the Russ and under the advan
tage thus secured expects to take
America's place in supplying the
large list of articles formerly bought
from us. Unless a maximum and
minimum tariff law is passed, this
country will be practically helpless
and will be campelled to see others
enjoy the benefit of a trade that it
took years of patient and persistent
effort to build up, as we will be with
out the means of retaliation. With
Russia and Germany threatening to
close their doors against us, it would
seem that something would have to
be done to prevent the one-sided trade
relations now apparently confronting
us.
SPICY PROCEEDINGS,
To the spectators the proceedings
in Judge Humphrey's court must prove
interesting and entertaining. Certain
ly they may not complain of dryness
and a lack of spice. The exchanges
of pleasantries between counsel for
the government and the accused thus
far have been frequent and without
much restraint. In this little byplay
they have the permission of the court
to go as far as they will, so long as
they remain within the bounds of de
corum and reason. He is showing no
favors. In response to the complaints
of the defense that the attorney for
the prosecution was indulging in ar
gument, instead of making a mere pre
sentation of facts or statement to the
jury, Judge Humphrey simply replied
that the other side had done the same
thing, and let it be understood that he
did not propose to differentiate, much
as the lawyers for the packers might
like it.
Notwithstanding their imposing ar
ray of counsel, as compared to the
numerically insignificant display made
by the government, the packers seem
to realize that the facts are against
them. Like all defendants who find
themselves in tight quarters, they
have raised technicalities, instead of
depending upon a determination of the
facts at issue to establish their in
nocence. As District Attorney Morri
son aptly remarked, while they are
charged with violations of the law,
they have not answered a single one
of the accusations made against them,
but seek to escape trial on petty tech
nical grounds. It might be unfair to
use this as a basis for an argument of
their guilt, but to the ordinary lay
mind it looks very much as though
I they dreaded trial upon the facts at
the command of the government.
1 The complaints made in certain
quarters that the department of jus
3 tice has not shown sufficient energy
t in the prosecution of the cases against
I the packers are hardly fair. The de
3 lay complained of was necessary if the
government's agents were really In
2 earnest to prosecute the accused. The
a facts and testimony needed to com
' plete the case of the prosecution were
r not easily obtained and to have gone
a into court without them would have
been worse than useless. Every pro
secutor knows this. As to the alleged
t disparity between the ability of the
respective counsel, that is something
a which in the present instance has not
f manifested itself thus far to any
alarming extent. Mr. Morrison and
1 the gentlemen assisting him seem to
a be thoroughly able to take care of
s themselves and the interests of the
t government. At least nothing has
1 developed to show the contrary. How
ever, it is a fact that in many cases
prosecuted by the government the pro
secution stands at a disadvantage in
respect of the ability of its lawyers.
This will always be so until provision
is made for more generous compensa
tion of the men the government re
tains. The great corporations and
trusts can afford to pay almost any
amount for legal services, and they do
it every day. It is safe to say that
in the case of the packers not an at
torney retained by them receives as
little as the salary of the prosecuting
attorney amounts to for an entire
year. Now and then a great lawyer
is to be found who is willing to accept
appointment under the government to
fight its cases against the men and
bodies of men possessing millions, re
garding it as a matter of duty, but
usually they are to be seen on the
other side.
GOOD WORK QUICKLY DONE.
As will be seen in the news columns
of this issue of The Gazette, the bill
creating a new land district in Mon
tana and making Billings headquart
ers of it has passed both houses of
congress. It will be presented to the
president today for his signature to
give it the force and effect of a law.
The measure is one of great impor
tance to the people of a large area, as
it will add materially to their comfort
and convenience. In respect of its
bearings on Billings little need be
said, for the accruing benefits are too
well understood to warrant elabora
tion. The prompt and successful
manner in which the bill has been
handled by Senator Carter and Rep
resentative Dixon, who directed its
course through the two houses of
congress, entitles them to grateful
recognition on the part of the citizens
of Billings, for they have rendered
them signal service.
GOING AGAINST HIM.
Basing opinion upon the testimony
as it has been given to the press, it
would seem at this distance that
Judge Deuel not only has no ground
for his action against Colliers Weekly,
but that he made a serious mistake
when he instituted it. His connec- I
tion with the disreputable sheet I
known as Town Topics has been so I
thoroughly aired that he may never 4
hope to again stand before the peo
ple of his community as he did be
fore the truth came out. In effect he
has admitted the very charges which
he claims were libelous. While on
the bench of one of the courts of New
York he not only drew pay as coun
sel for Town Topics, but also acted
in the capacity of one of the editors
of that publication. It has been fur
thermore proved that he was one of
the active promoters of the book
called "Fad and Fancies," an instru
ment used by Mann and the others
connected with him for extorting
money from those supposed to have
more than they needed. How well
they succeeded has been shown by
the testimony of Colonel Mann. Thou
sands were forced from persons as
the price of immunity from scurril
ous attacks. Where any of tnose ap
proached showed hesitation in com
plying with the demands they were
covertly threatened and made to
understand that it would perhaps be
best for them to submit to the bleed
ing operation.
In what fear Mann has been held
appears in his own statement that he
succeeded in "borrowing" something
like two hundred thousand dollars
from the Whitneys, Vanderbilts, Hun
tingtons and others of New York's
wealthy set, repaying them in shares
of stock in his company at the rate
of a thousand dollars a share, the
par value of which was only ten dol
lars.
Not only does the defense appear to
have made out its case, but Deuel
will probably be called upon to defend
himself against proceedings to oust
him from office.
TO RESTORE THE CANTEEN.
In the keeping of the house com
mittee on military affairs is a bill to
restore the canteen in the army. Its
introduction is due to Representative
Morrell of Philadelphia.
The dispatch which brings the in
formation says it was "introduced
without flourish of trumpets." This
goes without saying. Had it been
generally known that such a measure
had been presented much would have
been heard ere this from those who
caused abolition of the institution and
since then have successfully resisted
every atempt made to rectify what is
conceded by a large majority to have
been a mistake. It is said there is
more than a possibility that the bill
will be favorably reported, but if
made, the report will not issue until
after the committee room has been
the scene of a battle of no small pro
portions.
Mr. Morrell takes the sensible and
reasonable ground that the lawmakers
should permit themselves to be guided
by the reports and testimony of the
secretary of war and army officers of
every grade that to restore the can
teen gould be a blessing to the army
and to the service. In submitting his
bill he quoted from the report of the
secretary of war setting forth that the
present law is to be held responsible
for increase in desertions, drunken
ness, disease, insubordination and
moral degeneration of every, form in
the army. As a civilian the Philadel
phia gentleman does not presume to
set up his judgment in opposition to
that of those who certainly should be
competent to pass upon a matter I
so closely relating to themselves
and coming directly under their
observation and province. Every
argument is on his side, but unfor
tunately it does not always follow that
argument is effective, particularly
when it is attempted to be used in
governing the action and judgment of
men who have selfish motives to 1
direct them. While no doubt many of
the congressmen are personally in
favor of such a law as Mr. Morrell
proposes, yet fear of offending a con
siderable portion of their constituency
impels them to vote contrary to their
own judgment and against that which
they know and believe to be right.
As has been said so often and correct
ly, army officers have no votes. That
explains the secret of the success 1
anti-canteenists and the contemptu
ous manner in which the advice and
which has attended the efforts of the
petitions of the army have been
treated.
Butte's police force has found a way
of getting around the tender hearted o
juries of that place who insist upon
discharging the criminals brought be
fore them. Instead of permitting
holdups and other outlaws to be
liberated after the formality of a trial,
the officers simply arrest them and
lock them up in the city jail. Before
they are needed again the fellows
walk out and are heard of no more.
This not only rids the city of a dan
gerous lot of men, but also saves the
trouble and expense of trials. It also
has the additional advantage that it
assures their cc Linued absence,
whereas if they were to be tried and
acquitted they would teel free to re
main and cause more work.
Zest has been added to the row be
tween the officials of Silver Bow coun
ti which has been a continuous per
formance for months and years. A
lady owing her appointment to a
clerkship to one of the factions has
slapped the jowl of a fellow belonging
to the opposition whom she accuses of
writing her insulting notes and em
ploying offensive language in address
ing her. Some way should be found of
giving her a life tenure on the position
she holds and a collection would then
be in order for the purchase of a load
of clubs to be worn out by her in run
ning the entire gang from the state,
much as such a proceeding might cut
into the news supply of the Butte re
porters.
Until Doctor Funk produces evi
dence more convincing than he has
thus far seen fit to offer he should
not be offended if he meets occasion
ally a doubting Thomas. He may
have had converse with the ghost of
Doctor Hodgson, but the message he
claims to have received from the
shade of the late president of the
Psychical Research society is too sug
gestive of those from the departed de
livered indiscriminately at the meet
ings where it costs a quarter to gain
admittance.
Salvation having been free so long
that the novelty of it has worn off, a
St. Louis preacher has devised a new
way of bringing the sinner within the
fold. He offers trading stamps to all
who attend his church, with some of
extra value to those who succeed in
inducing others to hear his sermons.
Either the religious spirit of the St.
Louisans is growing decidedly cold or
the reverend gentleman who has
adopted the innovation is a mighty
poor sermonizer.
With Hetty Green becoming so care
less as to accept a counterfeit half
dollar and Russel Sage arrived at the
degree of recklessness where he
spends more than an hour looking for
a penny dropped while making change
at a news stand, the country might as
well prepare itself for another plea
from Schiff for a currency more re
sponsive to the sudden demands for
an increase in the circulating medium
which now and then arise.
Having established the fact that he
is afflicted with aphasia, Senator De
pew is now calmly awaiting the next
attack by an investigating committee.
The discovery of his mental condi
tion was made a little too late for
use before the Armstrong committee,
but it may come in handy later, es
pecially in view of the stories of un
usual activity on the part of New
York's attorney general.
Unlike medals, the reward it is pur
posed to give to Captain Mark Casto
and his crew, cannot be handed down
to future generations as substantial
evidence of heroism on the part of
worthy forebears, but the trim craft
which they are to be given will un
doubtedly answer a practical purpose
better, while at the same time coming
up to the sentimental requirements of
the occasion.
Considering the unenviable manner
in which that distinguished gentle
man recently figured in connection
with certain sensational news, the
managers of the Illinois Steel com
pany were unfortunate in selecting
the name of the president of the
United States Steel corporation as the
one to be bestowed upon the model
town they intend to build. Some
how it strikes the observer as an in
congruity.
So far as the controversy between
the Mine Workers and the Western
Federation is concerned, the president
of the eastern organization seems to
have the better of the argument.
He supplies names and dates to prove
his contention that the western men
are entitled to but little considera
tion from the body whose head he is.
Miss Alice is manifesting a com
mendable regard for the feelings of
the colleagues of Mr. Nicholas, but if
she persists in her determination to
invite congress to attend the wedding
she may as well prepare herself for
a declination from at least one mem
ber of the upper house.
As compared with the amount of
rich, red blood that it was provoca
tive of flowing, the first anniversary
'of "Red" Sunday made a poor show
ing along side of the day it was in
tended to commemorate, but in all
other regards it more than made up
for the difference.
If the Armenians and Tartars will
only be permitted to continue their
pleasing task of exterminating one
another promise is held out that the
Caucasus question will in time settle
itself effectively and permanently,
while also insuring lasting peace in
that troubled province.
Butte's police force has redeemed
itself. Its chief has personally ar
rested a man charged with being one
of the "holdup" gentry. The fact that
the man hunted up the chief and sur
rendered himself should not be per
mitted to detract from the glory at
taching to the feat.
Judging from the news that Paris
and Washington send out, President
Castro is in imminent danger of feel
ing the application of the shingle. It
also seems manifest that when ad
journment to the woodshed is taken
Uncle Sam will not raise an objection.
Some one has evidently given the
"territorial secretary' of the Isle of
Pines a wrong bieere. The action of
the senate committee a few days ago
is not calculated to give him and his
fellow seceders much comfort.
A land office in the hand is worth a
collection of railroads in the bad
lands.
A REPLY TO MR. SHAW.
Minneapolis Journal: One of our
state officials has administered a neat
calling down to Secretary Shaw, and it
is to be hoped that the guardian of
the national treasury will see the
point of it. Mr. Shaw has lately been
talking in favor of raising the limit
of loans from national banks. They
are now restrained from loaning more
than ten per cent of their capital to
any one individual or corporation. The
big deals of today often call for large
short-time loans, and Mr. Shaw would
raise the limit, because "the great
borrowers of today will scarcely sub
mit to dividing what they want among
ten different banks in order to secure
the full sums they require."
Apparently the secretary is willing
to wink at violations Df the national
banking law, because great borrowers
will "scarcely submit" to their en
forcement, and because the law can
not be enforced, he wants it amended
to give greater latitude. If present
rules are not enforced, what guarantee
have we that more loose restrictions
will not also be abused?
Public Examiner Kerst, in a signed
statcnent, has taken issue with Sec
retary Shaw. He says that, in the
cases where large sums are required
on short loans, sound banking would
require the division of the loans, just
as fire insurance companies divide
large risks. Minnesota state banks
are held strictly to the legal limit of
fifteen per cent and have no trouble
in doing business on that basis. Such
statements as those voiced by Secre
tary Shaw, he holds, are "demoraliz
ing in their influence both upon bank
ers and bank examiners."
"With the spreading of such philos
ophy by those high in authority," says
Mr. Kerst, "the country is threatened
with the near approach of the day
when our banking laws shall become
a farce, and when loose and lawless
banking, connived at by weak and un
scrupulous officials, shall seriously
undermine the financial standing and
prosperity of the country."
But the sting of the Kerst interview
is found in the final paragraph, where
the Minnesota examiner says:
"It strikes me that the lesson of the
half-dozen national bank failures dur
ing the past year, in Chicago, Pitts
burg, Topeka and Faribault, is that,
what the country needs is a more
strict rather than more loose compli
ance with the banking laws, and par
ticularly the laws governing loans."
In other words, do not stretch our
safeguarding laws in the interests of
frenzied financiers, but enforce them
in 'the interests of financial stability.
Mr. Kerst's point seems to be well
taken.
MAN'S RIGHT ASSAILED.
Baltimore American: In a recent
divorce case the wife, seeking release
from her matrimonial bonds, made the
plea that among her husband's many
faults was his persistent refusal to
get up when she called him in the
morning. Even though his breakfast
was ready and waiting smoking hot on
the table, he would, after being
awakened by her summons, roll over
for another nap and refuse to get out
of his warm and comfortable bed un
til he felt so inclined. Records of this
earth since the days when man made
his first appearance upon it will show,
if they are carefully examined, that
such cases have not been uncommon.
Nor are they confined to any country,
any clime or any age. Sleep has al
ways been counted a natural born lux
ury which all may enjoy in common,
and no one has yet dared to make a
law that shall limit its use.
A recent writer on this subject,
which has a direct personal interest
to each and all of the sons of men,
:alls attention to the fact that in win
ter we sleep on an average two hours
longer than in summer. Using as an
example those who lead very regular
lives, and who do all their work in
the daytime, he says they get up at four
or five o'clock in the morning in the
summer, while in winter they are not
apt to leave their beds until eight or
nine. From this, he argues, with con
siderable force, that man has the
same instinct of hibernation as many
of the lower animals, though he does
not indulge in it to the same extent.
No doubt there are a few who would
prefer to give at least one-half of their
time to sleep, but they sacrifice them
selves to the demands made upon
them by business and by other duties
that call them from their beds long
before they are anxious to leave it.
There does not appear to be any
good reason why a man's love for
slumber should cause friction in the
household. It would seem an easy
problem to arrange the breakfast hour
to suit without denying to the suppos
ed head of the establishment the right
to enjoy a reasonable amount of this
great blessing, this necessary prepar
ation for the work of the day. No man
should allow himself to be made a
slave of the kitchen, a serf to the
breakfast bell. He should insist on
his right to sleep as long as he choos
es and should tolerate no interference
with the right.
LIBELS AMERICAN WOMANHOOD.
Boston Transcript: A minister in
New York declares that alcoholism
among women is alarmingly on the in
crease, and that the feature of the re
public is thereby in danger. This sen
sational lament is getting to be as
regular as it is unfounded in fact. It
is getting to be the fashion to make
accusations of social corruption which
everyday experience shows are both
hasty and exaggerated. The cause of
temperance generally is making good
headway in these times; all statistics
show a commendable improvement in
the spirit of the age in its attitude to
ward drunkenness, and it is a libel on
American womanhood to assert that
drunkenness is getting to be an habit
ual feminine vice. But as few pay any
serious attention to such charges, per
haps no great harm is done by their
periodical reiteration by those in want
of sensational topics for public utter
ances.
NEEDS AMENDING.
Wall Street Journal: Thomas B.
Reed, some ten or fifteen years ago,
called this "a billion-dollar country."
This will have to be amended to read
"a three-billion-dollar country." Ev
erything has expanded immensely. Fif
teen bars ago, for instance, our for
eign commerce aggregated only about
$1,500,000,000. The figures given out
yesterday from Washington show that
the total commerce in 1905 was $2,
966,000,000.
NOTICE.
Regular Annual Meeting.
Office of the Donovan-McCormick
Company, Billings, Montana, Janu
ary 23rd, 1906.
Notice is hereby given that the
regular annual meeting of the Stock
holders of the Donovan-McCormick
Company will be held at the office of
the said company in Billings, Mon
tana, on the 12th day of Febraury,
1906, at 2 o'clock P. M., for the elec
tion of directors and officers for the
ensuing year, and for the transaction
of such other business as may come
properly before that meeting.
Signed T. C. POWER,
President.
Attest, J. WARD HUSE,
Secretary. 78-4
Latest styles in job printing at the
Guette otfce.
I' '--·-- ---·-

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