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The Billings Gazette.
Gazette Printing Company, Publishers issued Semi-Weekly. TUESD)AYS AND FRIDAYS. Subscription Rates. One year, in advance ............ 3.00 Six months......................1.50 Entered at the Billinge Postomtce as Second Class Matter. Friday, April 6, 1906. INTERESTING LAND DECISION. A decision rendered by the commis sioner of the general land office may be of interest to more than the one state primarily affected thereby. The matter had its origin in Washington state and pertained to the right of a railroad to hold land within the limits of the government grant survey of which has not yet been accepted. Two men settled on quarter sections near the town of Quincy, intending to file on the land under the homestead law. When they made application to the local land office for homestead en tries their petitions were rejected for the reason that the land sought to be entered was within the primary limits of the lands granted to the Northern Pacific Railroad company. From this decision an appeal was taken to the commissioner of the general land of fice. About the middle of last month a ruling was secured on the appeal. The commissioner granted the peti tions and directed the local land of ficers to make the entries, holding that the railroad land the survey of which had not yet been accepted was sub ject to entry under the homestead law. .As soon as the news of the commis sioner's decision became known there was a wild scramble for land. Near Quincy remained five townships the survey of which had not been accept ed by the government, and every one who could possibly do so made a rush ~to secure a slice of the coveted ground. • The lumber yards and hardware deal ,ers found themselves swamped with ieager buyers who wanted to erect .shacks in order that they might hold U,.,i. e. nns. The rush did not stop with the unoccupied lands, but , extended to those held by individuals h under deeds from the railroad com- h pany. One man, a recent arrival, who e -was holding a full section for which n he had paid the company something g like $7,000 and had been given a quit v claim deed, saw his place cut up into t quarter sections and wild eyed men v building shanties on them. The fact s that his section was all fenced and t broken made it all the more tempting t to the "jumpers." He was powerless to stop the invaders and it is believed he will lose his entire investment, un less the railroad company should see fit to give him his money back. A Tacoma firm supposedly owning thou sands of acres of land, all of which is under wheat, secured from the railroad company in the same way, were also losers, as their land has been taken up in quarter sections. In order to gain an idea of the rush it is only necessary to take into consider ation that in one day alone 'forty shacks were built by homeseekers, while as many more went up during ensuing night. Some of those who picked out their land in the evening returned the following morning to find shanties built and others holding the land. One alert individual who had a section under cultivation tore down a huge barn he had built upon the quarter on which he was living and used the lumber in erecting shacks on the remaining three quarters and thus held off the "jumpers" for the time being. All the land in question is exceed ingly valuable and undoubtedly the way has been paved for protracted and expensive litigation, as it is not likely that those who have seemingly lost their homes will submit without recourse to the courts. GOVERNMENT LOSES ONE. Failure has attended the trial of the 'first of the diffc ent suits instituted )by.the government against the Great Northern Railroad company and sev .eral other defendants for paying and accepting rebates on freight shipments from Philadelphia to Canadian points. The defendants in the action decided adversely to the government were Walter Wood and Stuart Wood, mem bers of the firm of R. D. Wood & Co. They were charged with illegally re ceiving rebates. As originally given to the public it was understood that the defense would be that the consignment of freight alleged in the complaint had been shipped part of the distance by water and that ca of the, defendants, the Mutual Trnait company, had no reg ular, established freight rates and consequently they were entitled to a reduction on the through rate, water transportation being notoriously cheap er than that by rail. The plans seem to have been amended so far as the Woods are concerned. They alleged that they were simply acting as the agents for a couple of manufacturing concerns and derived none of the al leged wrongful benefits. The de fense proved to be satisfactory, for the men were found not guilty. Although the one case failed, the government still has the indictments on file against the Hill and other railroads, as well as the Transit com pany. As it is hardly likely that the same line of defense will be attempt ed as in the action just decided, the government may have better success when it comes to taking them up. A DISGRACED PROPHET. John Alexander Dowie is indeed a prophet without honor in his own country. The Zionists have deposed him, repudiated him, deprived him of his property in Zion and to further humiliate him make broad hints that if he does not gracefully submit to the new order of things and accept the dispensation without protest some thing worse may 'befall him. While not so stated openly, the intimation conveyed to the disgraced prophet and reincarnated Elijah is susceptible of only one interpretation-the saints in the paradise he created on the out skirts of Chicago think they have evi dence suffieient to secure his convic tion of having violated the earthly laws regarding honesty and for the protection of property. Not only have the saints bound to him by mere fel lowship turned against him, but the members of his own family have com bined with his enemies and now spurn him. Thus, Mrs. Dowie and his son, Gladstone, were prominent in the meeting held Monday night at which the action of the new overseer and his assistants was ratified and joined in the denunciations of the husband and father, the son going so far as to threaten revelations that would "startle the world" if the old man dared to resent what had been done. Poor Dowie. His career was a meteoric one. Once the undisputed master of thousands, now none is so low as to pay his homage. He may return to the place over which only a short time ago. he lorded it supreme, but only as a plain citizen, without even the small consolation of being permitted membership in the church he founded. If this does not suit him he can go to Mexico and accept what ever allowance the Zionists see fit to make him. The world today has no greater reverence for prophets than when Elijah was on earth the first time. He should have been satisfied with his one sojourn on this terrestial sphere. His prophetic soul should have saved him the trial and tribula tions of a second. THE CHICAGO ELECTION. Although pleased in the main with the result of last Tuesday's election in that city, Mayor Dunne of Chicago was disappointed to a certain extent. The expression of popular will did not go far enough to suit him. While the people voted for municipal acquisition of the street car lines, they hesitated when it came to the matter of opera ting them. Evidently they thought that as a start it might be well enough to be satisfied with owning and con troling those public conveniences and let some one else operate them. To others than the mayor the expression of popular will is surprising. The Chi cagoans voted approval of an ordin ance authorizing the city to issue cer tificates to the amount of $75,000,000 for the purchase, ownership and main tenance of the street car lines, and also as a question of public policy de clared themselves to be in favor of action without delay by the city coun cil to secure municipal ownership and operation of the lines under what is known as the Mueller law, instead of granting franchises to private com panies. But they balked when asked to give their sanction to the question "shall the city of Chicago proceed to operate street railways?" To one at this distance the matter seems to be badly mixed and it looks as though the Chicagoans did not ex actly understand on what they were voting. As a matter of public policy they have placed themselves on rec ord as favoring not only municipal ownership, but also operation. But for reasons not understood here they declined to put that policy into effect. The only inference to be drawn is that while they believed it to be a good thing, they are of the opinion that the time has not yet arrived when the city may undertake to go into the business of carrying passengers to the extent asked by Mayor Dunne. Manifestly they have not the utmost confidence in the ability of the present adminis tration to manage the business and are holding off for the time when men are at the head of the city's affairs who promise better in that direction. But Mr. Dunne is not discouraged, even it disappointed. He says that as soon as the city secures ownership of the lines he will go before the people again and ask their permission to operate them, and expresses himself as confident that they will vote the necessary authority. They may. CASTRO'S NEW DANGER, Instead of vaulting ambition and patriotic fire being the moving cause, we are promised a revolution in South America that is to be purely a busi ness proposition. The dispatches tell us that a company has been organized with ample capital to employ all the soldiers needed to conduct a campaign in Venezuela the object of which is to depose Castro and place some one in the presidency who will be less un friendly to the foreigners who would engage in business in the republic, particularly plhlanthropic and high minded Americans. The needed money is said to have been subscribed and the financial success of the venture is assured. The necessary arms and ammunition have been acquired and even the detail of transportation seems not to have been overlooked. The man who is. to succeed Castro has been selected and has given his promise to accept the job. All that appears to be needed is the odd thou sand men who are to do the actual fighting. In view of the generous propor tions of the exchequer accumulated by these commercial revolutionists it is believed that little trouble will be ex perienced in getting soldiers. As America figures prominently in connection with the affair it is very probable that Washington will be heard from about ie time it is pro posed to set sail and institute the little picnic in contemplation. While all would rejoice to see Castro receive the needed licking and while it is also true that probably little sorrow would be felt at Washington were he to re ceive it and be driven from Venezuela in addition, still proper regard for the amenities supposed to rulq inter course of nations forbids that we give Open countenance and support to any such plan as has been outlined in the dispatches during the last few days. The fact of the matter is that we cannot afford it because of its affect and influence on the other South American nations with whom we are particularly anxious to establish closer and friendlier relations. Were we to be suspected of giving even quasi en couragement and endorsement to those commercial filibusters it might cause Secretary Root' to meet with a decidedly frosty reception at Rio Janeiro when he goes to attend 'thi Pan-American congress a short time hence. A TIMELY MOVE. Having closed the mails to about every other class of frauds, the post office department announces that it will now pay attention to the wildcat mining companies and deny them the privileges they enjoy in the use of the mails to defraud the unwary. The de partment was rather slow in moving in this direction, but if it will only do its work successfully it will be forgiv en for its tardiness. It may be said that all mining opera tions are more or less of a venture, but it should not be difficult for the postal agents to differentiate between the legitimate concerns and those that con fine their operations to newspaper mining and whose plants are no more extensive than a small room in some office building. Too many of the lat ter have been permitted to operate ,without interference from the author ities. While it may mean a loss to the printer and lithographer, the gen eral good that will be accomplished will more than compensate the loss to those individuals. Mr. Willis C. Moore, chief of the weather bureau at Washington, may consider that he is about to achieve,a notable scientific success, but even if he should succeed in making long range weather forecasts, he will still be behind Professor Hicks. For years that distinguished scientist and mys tic has been doing the same thing. Mr. Moore exultantly declares that within a short time it will be possible to foretell the weather for as long a period as a month. Hicks never thinks of stopping short of a year when he lays himself out to do a little forecasting. Until the Washing ton man can do better than this he will have to be content with being considered as a sepond class meteor ologist and the sale of Hick's almanac: will continue to reach the usual mar14 in the backwoods and rural regions Since Tillman has come out openly in opposition to the amendment to the rate bill to which the president has given his approval it is a question in many minds whether the White house opinion concerning the excell ence of the service rendered by the South Carolinan has undergone any change. It is still very manifest that personal friendship was not the mov ing cause in the Tiliman espousal of the rate bill as it came from the coin mittee. I RUSSIANr PIPE DREAM. More than likely with General von Mack it is a case of the wish being father to the thought. What the Rus sian saw in Japan to warrant him to entertain the belief credited to him in the statement he is said to have made is hard to conceive. Japan may be making the war preparations he says he saw there, but very few, either in this country or Europe, will believe that they menace the peace of America. Never were ,relations be tween nations more friendly than are those existing between the United States and Japan and never have na tions been more free with evidence of every kind to make manifest to the world the sincere and abiding friend ship binding them than are America and Japan. Although bound by no such bonds as holds her to England, it was to American counsel Japan gave heed at the time when she was almost exhausted by a protracted and distracting war and it was American advice she followed when she sought to bring that war to an honorable end. Again, when famine and want stalked like grim spectres through her land and countless ones of her chil dren were threatened with death by starvation it was American generosity which made first response to the ap peal of common humanity and offered lavish succor. Even now the flood of money and food continues and thou sands are being saved who would otherwise die from hunger and priva tion. Japan may be a "pagan" nation, but it is human and until further proof is produced General von Mack's talk of Japanese plans for a war on Ameri ca will find few believers. Repeated assurance has been given by Tokio that it does not want the Philippines, at least not so badly that war would be waged for their acquisi tion. Even if cupidity could go as far as the Russian declares, it is still ex tremely doubtful whether Japan would make a demand for the islands, after having fortified herself to enforce that demand in case of refusal. Giving heed to the repeated stories of action at Washington looking to the ultimate transfer of the islands to Japan, seem ingly there is no reason for believing that the mikado's government should deem it necessary to engage in war to secure them. Granting that Japan really wants the islands and that it even thinks they are worth fighting for, this would make it still very im probable that she would risk the con sequences of a war with the United States. Notwithstanding that she was victorious in her contest with Rus sia, she learned more about war and all that war implies than she ever knew before and it is but reasonable to assume that she is in no haste to become involved in another, and above all others with the United States, for she possesses sufficient wisdom to realize that the outcome would un doubtedly be entirely different. Fight ing Russia and the United States are entirely different propositions. General von Mack should take some thing for his liver. With the promise that ballooning is to become a popular form of amuse ment, the gentleman on the pale horse is assured of another active agent and assistant. If the sport assumes even a small degree of the propor tions predicted for it the increase in the mortuary list incident thereto should bring gladness to every under taker in the land, for between the balloon and the automobile the death rate will flourish like alfalfa in an irrigated field. As an agent of de struction the balloon, however, may never hope to keep pace with the auto. It shows more discretion; it kills only those who occupy it. Having lost the major part of the manuscript of the book she was pre paring to publish, with the true in stinct of an author, Miss Wood ap pears to have arrived at the conclu sidn that regardless of the amount she might have recovered, Platt, Wynne and Loeb could never have recompensed her, so declined to ap pear against them and permitted her suit to be dismissed for want of pro secution. As the snow is rapidly disappearing and the weather once more suggests ap proaching spring, what about cleaning up the city and getting rid of the su perfluous adornment of tin cans, old shoes and other impedamenta now gracing the back yards, vacant lots and alleys? Then again it may be that the war like preparations General von Mack witnessed in Japan are not wholly disassociated with the stiff front Chi na maintains in its negotiations with Russia. Notice Contractors. Bids will be received up to Satur day, April 14, 1906 for the enlarging and cleaning of Old Mill ditch. Good money for the right party. Call and look over work. Send all bids and communications to B. G. BROCKWAY, Laurel, Mont. HENRY GERHARZ, Surveyor. Shoe News Ladies' Chocolate Low Cut, Hand Turn Shoes, large eyelets, silk ribbon ties, a sample lot, sizes 3, 3%, 4, 4% $1'25 and 5. The pair...... _1 Ladies' Lace Kid Shoes, patent leather tips, solid leather, all sizes $ llfl The pair............. i Ladies' Low Shoes with elastic sides, some with tips and some plain toes, just the thing for comfort $1 7 Our price is.......... $1,s F.S.Todd Shoe [Co. The New Shoe Store 2815 - . - - - First Avenue North WESTERN RUSH IS ENORMOUS PASSENGER EQUIPMENT INADE QUATE TO HANDLE IT. Over 100 Coach Loads of People Pass ed Through Here Within 24 Hours Ending this Morning Within the 24 hours that closed at 4 o'clock this morning there was mark ed one of the great rushes of western travel that the Northern Pacific and Burlington railways have ever exper ienced. The cheap rate to western points will be suspended after next Saturday, and this fact, coupled with that of Tuesday being the regular round-trip cheap day at Missouri river and other eastern points, was responsible for an unprecedented business in western homeseekers yesterday. The railroad men expect the present rush to keep up until next Monday or Tuesday per haps. Beginning yesterday morning the Burlington train No. 43 came into Bil lings in two sections and an hour or two later No. 3 on the Northern Pacif ic arrived in three sections containing all told about 50 cars of western travel lers. The North Coast Limited train yesterday forenoon was somewhat longer than usual and it was certainly packed. In two day coaches there were 190 people and some of the pas sengers said they had not been able to get a seat since they left St. Paul. The aisles of the cars were filled with tired travellers and they were stowed away between the seats. Every inch of available space was taken up and even the vestibules were packed with living freight. The Burlington train No. 5 came in about four hours late and it was load ed about the same as was the North Coast train. Quite a number of peo ple disembarked at Billings, especial ly from the Burlington train. So many left the train in fact, that a ,.nnh was set out here. This morning Northern Pacific No. 3 came in three big sections pulling a total of 34 cars. All were overloaded. The Burlington train from the east had two sections and these were so long and heavily loaded that the trains will be taken through to the coast intact, not uniting with No. 3 at Helena as it the usual way when business is at a normal stage. The Northern Pacific, it is said, could not furnish the equipment to transport all the people in waiting at St. Paul and Minneapolis. A passen ger who came through yesterday stat ed that the people who had purchased western tickets were allowed to pour through the gates at the St. Paul union depot until every train was overcrowd ed and then when the capacity of the trains had been more than taken up the gate keepers had been compelled to shut the gates and compel hundreds to wait until the following day. It is estimated that 600 people were left at St. Paul who could not be accommo dated. West of here the resources of the great Northern Pacific company is taxed to its utmost to take care of its own immense business and that of the Burlington which is almost as large. Old timers among the railroad men say that they never before-in their long ex perience, saw such an anormous west bound passenger business. Of the west bound travellers on yes terday's. trains it is estimated that more than 100 stopped off at Bllings. (First Publication April 6,-18-I.) Timber Land, Act June 3, 1878.-No tice for Publication. United States Land Office, Lewis, town, Montana, March 27, 1906. Notice is hereby given that in compliance with the provisions of the act of con gress of June 3, 1878, entitled "An act for the sale of timber lands in the states of California, Oregon, Nevada and Washington Territory," as extend ed to all the Public Land States by act of August 4, 1892, Ella M. Grant of Musselshell, county of Yellowstone, state of Montana, has this day filed in this office her sworn statement No. 169 for the purchase of the W% NE%, W% SE/4 of Section No. 32 in Town ship No. 9N, Range No. 29 E., M. M. and will offer proof to show that the land sought is more valuable for its timber or' stone than for agricultural purposes, and to establish her clair to said land before the register and re ceiver of this office at Lewistown, Mon tana, on Monday, the 14th day of June, 1906. She names as witnesses: Charles W. McLean, of Musselshell, Mont. William C. Grant, of Musselshell, Mont. Wright Harvey, of Musselshell, Mont. George Mather, of Musselshell, Mont. Any and all persons claiming ad versely the above described lands are requested to file their claims in this office on or before said 141u day of June, 1906. EDWARD BRASSEY, Register. (First Publication April 6,-6-I) Proposals for Leasing Grazing District Number Three on the Crow Reserva tion, Montana. Department of the Interior, Office of r Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C., March 31, 1906. Sealed proposals will be received at this office until 2 o'clock p. m. on Tuesday, May 15, 1906, and will be immediately thereafter opened in the presence of such bidders as may attend, for leasing grazing district No. 3 on the Crow Reservation, Montana, for the pasturage of sheep only for a period of five years from July 1, 1906. The proposals must be addressed to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C.," and must be plain ly endorsed on the outside of the en velope, "Proposals for leasing Crow lands." The district comprises the central western part of the reservation east of the "McCormick" fence, anl is estima ted to contain 415,000 acres; from this area 15,000 acres will be deducted on account of fenced Indian allotments. The successful bidder will be requir ed to purchase at the market price the surplus hay and grain raised by the Indians residing in said district. Maps showing the location of the dis trict and posters giving information relative to the submission of bids may be obtained on application to the Uni ted States Indian Agent, Crow Agency. Bids not conforming to the require ments of the printed posters may be rejected if such action shall be deem ed advisable. C. F. LARRABEE, Acting Commissioner. (First Publication April 6, 3-f.) Notice of Sale. Notice is hereby given, that the un dersigned will sell at private sale on April 23rd, 1906, certain real estate be longing to the estate of Thomas Lynch, deceased, and described as follows, to wit: Lots number sixteen (16) and seventeen (17) in block number forty seven (47) of Foster's Addition to the city of Billings, Yellowstone County, Montana, with the improvements there on situate. Written bids for the purchase of said property will be received by the undersigned at the office of Harry L. Wilson, in the court house, in the city of Billings, said county and state, from the date hereof until twelve o'clock m., April 23d, 1906. Dated at Billings, Montana, April 5th 1906. MARY LYNCH, Administratrix. Yellowstone National OF Bank BILLINOS CAPITAL. - $50,000 SURPLUS - $40,000 A. L. BABCOCK, President PBTBR LARSON, Helene, Vice-Pres. B. H. HOLLISTBR, Cashier L. C. BABCOCK, Ass't Cashier DIRECTORS. PZTXB LARSON Helena ED. CABDWZLL, Da. HE. . ABaMSTB o . H. HoLSTeas A. L. BAa.cos. Boxes for Rjnt in Safety Deposit Vanl,. General Banking Business Sell Exchange available in all the princi pal cities of the United States and Europe Collections promptly made and remit. ted for. Accounts of firms and individuals solic ited on tlne most favorable terms consis tent with safe and conservative banking. Billings State Bank Capital Stock, 65l000. OFFICERS: Paul McCormick, President. B. G. Shorey, Vice-PreS. Charles Spear, Cashier. Henry White, Teller DIRECTORS: H. C. Bostwick, W. Ham.ard, C. o. GQweU, Paul McCormick, A. H. Barth, B. G. Shore?, Chas. Spear. Transact a General Banking Business. GRUWELL BLOCK, BILLINGS, • MONTANA