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CROWS WILL BE
VERY WEALTHY MUCH MONEY AND THOUSANDS OF FERTILE ACRES. A GRADUAL ADVANCE Marks the Industrial Progress of the Tribe-Are Taught Self-Dependence and Habits of Industry-Progress Made In the Past Four Years-Good Results of the Fair. By reason of the watchful care of a beneficent government the tribe of Crows, located on their reservation near this city, will at no distant day become a well-fixed, financially sound tribe. The Crows number only about 2,000 at the present time and even af ter the ceded portion of their reserva tion has been taken away from them, for which they will be well paid, they will still have a body of land larger than the area of the states of Connec ticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire and Vermont, combined. They have about $300,000 in their tribal fund at Washington, D. C., at the present time, and when there is added to it the sum of more than $1,000,000, which they will receive for the lands that are about to be thrown open for settlement, the 600 families of the tribe will be in about as good shape as any nation of Indians in the United States, except, perhaps, the Osages, who are said to be the rich est Indians in the world. A great deal has been accomplished during the four years that Major Reynolds has been agent for the tribe, and that gentleman says there is still much more to do to bring the Indian up to anything like a perfected state of civilization. Mr. Reynolds had worked hard in behalf of his charges and at times he feels greatly encouraged with what has been ac complished. And again there are oc casions that he is made to feel that all of his efforts have been in vain. This is when some Indian practically destroys his entire season's work by distributing his crops around among the other fellows who have been lead ing an indolent life. In this regard the Indians are the greatest socialists on earth. What belongs to him belongs to every rela tive or needy friend that he has and the indolent Indian well knows that he will not suffer as long as his more industrious brother has a stack of hay or a hundred bushels of wheat left on his farm. This encourages idleness among those who prefer to be idle and 'brings discouragement to the heart of the hard working agent. The Crows will not only have a goodly amount of cash on hand in a year or two, but there will be remain. ing on their reservation enough agri cultural land to give every one of them as good a farm as there is in the state of Montana or any other state. In the valley of the Big Horn alone, and under the St. Xavier irrigation canal, there are 33,000 acres of as rich fertile lands as the Yellowstone valley can show. This will all be alloted in a short time, as well as the land in the beautiful valley of the Little Horn, which is equally as productive as that of the larger stream. There is no more beautiful valley in the west than that of the Little Horn river, and Crow Agency is in the very heart of it. When Major Reynolds took charge of the Indians they were conducting their farming on the community plan. The Indian naturally loves company and at that time they were congre gated in small villages on various por tions of the reservation, here, there and everywhere. They spent their nights in dancing, for the most part, and consequently were in no fit con dition to go to their distant fields and work during the day. This mode of procedure on their part was speed ily changed by Mr. Reynolds. The Indians were ordered to live on their respective farms and remain there and attend to their work. The rule was not so rigidly enforced that they were shut off from their social pleas ures altogether, by any means, but they were taught that there is a time to work and a time to play, and that the two elements of their existence could not be mixed so thoroughly as in the past. The Indians did not take kindly to the order at first, and were disposed to be sullen and discontent ed, but after awhile the better class of them came to a realization of its wisdom. As a result over 300 houses have been erected on Indian farms during the past three years. When an Indian expresses a desire to build for himself a home he is rendered ev ery assistance by the agent and is encouraged in his work. He is re quired to help in every instance, but carpenters are furnished him and whatever he is unable to perform himself is worked out for him by men more skilled. The Indians are gradually advanc ing along all of the lines of social and industrial progress, but those who know them best say that years will be required to bring them into a stage of anything like perfection. While the casual observer would never sus pect it, yet it is true that the men who are engaged in the work of bringing higher standards of civilization to the Indian feel the weight of their respon sibility as deeply as' the man who is managing any of the great lines of industry in the business world, and the weight of this responsibility be comes a heavy load at times. The first.agricultural fair that was ever held on any Indian reservation was that held by the Crows under the direction of Major Reynolds, last year. There have been alleged fairs on reservations, before, but these were only occasions of jubilee ano dancing. The Crow fair grounds are located in a bend of the Little Horn river containing about 160 acres of ground, the neck of the peninsula not being more than 300 feet across. The grounds are ideal and the selec tion of this location obviated the ex penue and necessity of fencing. Last year the Indians had an immense dis play of agricultural products as well as racing of all kinds. After the grounds were in shape the agent placed the fair in their own hands, except the financial end of it. In dians acted as judges in every event, and passed on the merits of the va rious exhibits. The fair proved to be a success more lasting in its effects than was hoped for. This season the Indian farmers will make prepara tions early in the season for their ex hibits and there is existing among them, by reason of the fair of last fall, a friendly spirit of rivalry that promises much for progress and there is displayed already a feeling of pride that nothing else could have aroused. The Indian, like his white brother, likes anything in the way of public notice, but he is not as adept in cov ering up this weakness as his more highly educated brother in the art dis simulation. At the agency there is maintained a school for the Indians which at pres ent contains about 120 pupils. In con nection with the institution there is a school farm, which is operated alto gether by the boys and girls of the school, under the direction of a com petent gardener. Here all the vege tables necessary for the maintenance of the schools are raised, and already the ground is in first-class condition for this season's seeding. It is safe to say that there is not a better kept garden in the state. During the present agent's regime many new buildings have been erect ed at the Agency. Old building ma terials have been removed from the abandoned military post at Fort Custer and used in improvements at the Agency. Among the buildings erected, all the work being done by the Indian boys, have been a warehouse more than 100 feet in length, a grain eleva tor, barns, etc. The agent has nearly 1,000,000 brick on hand that have been brought over from Fort Custer to be used inother proposed improvements. Among these will be the parking of the northern end of the plaza and the : e moval of several unsightly buildings. The race track on the fair grounds is to be improved, new buildings to be erected thereon, much of the ground cleared off and stables built, the agent having already secured an appropria tion for this purpose. During the four years of Major Rey nolds work with the tribe there has been disbursed through his office about $1,000,000. A complex system of re ports is required of the office and the entire office work is performed by a fcrce of four men. One of the needs of the Agency which Major Reynolds does not men tion, except casually, is a new house for that official. The present house at this agency is perhaps the poorest of any that may be found on any reserva tion in the United tSates. VERDICT FOR DEFENDANT. This was Outcome of Trial of Case of Brande Against Babcock. The case of L. L. Brande against the A. L. Babcock hardware company, was tried before a jury in the district court, yesterday. Brande sued for the recovery of $433, which he alleged was the amount of a note that he held against Floyd L. Parr. Brande alleged that he loaned that amount to Parr and took a mort gage on his crop as security. After the crop was grown, which was of oats, the plaintiff alleged that Parr sold the oats to the defendant company. After both sides had presented thelr evidence W. M. Johnston, attorney for defendant, moved the court to instruct the jury to bring in a verdict for his client, and the motion was granted. In the case of Ames against the Am, erican Yeomen the defendant;, motion for a new trial was granted. On motion of William Gallagher, at torney for plaintiff in the case of Neary et al, against the Northern Pacific company, Robert P. Parkes was admitted to practice ex gracia in the court of Yellowstone county, for the purposes of this case only. The new jurors selected were C. A. Smith, F. C. Victory, J. M. Partridge, E. R. Keil, H. Mallen, Eugene C. Sam pson, E M. Henning, Geo. W. Ginn and JT. A. Ennis. These were drawn Sat urday afternoon and of the total num ber four were excused by the court. Just before adjournment hour the argument of a motion in the Neary damage case was taken. ANOTHER FALSE ALARM. A Miscreant Makes More Trouble for the Fire Department. Sunday afternoon the fire depart ment was called to extinguish the fire that was threatening to destroy a box car in the Northern Pacific yards, near Thirty-fourth street. The fire was sub dued without great difficulty. About midnight Sunday night an alarm was turned in from box 37, which is located near the Billings phar macy, south Twen'y:-ninth street. This i proved to be a false alarm, the second one that has been turned in within three days. A determined effort will be made to locate the person who turn ed in the alarm. MANY OIL LOCATIONS. J. R. Woten Makes 15 Filings on Claims in a Single Day. Yesterday J. R. Woten, who is said tbn ", a stranger in the city, filed in struments designating 15 separate oil claims, in the office of J. W. Fish, county clerk and recorder. The land covered by the filings is stated to be south .of the Yellowstone river near this city, where a large number of local citizens have made filing within the past month. For some reason there appears to have sprung up a veritable boom in oil lands in the vicinity of the big hills south of the city. BUSINESS IS GETTING GOOD MANY COMPLAINTS ARE FILED IN JUSTICE COURTS. ALLEGED CAR THIEVES Four of Them Will Be Arraigned Be fore Justice Fraser-Man in the Country to Be Arrested for Threat ening to Kill J, W. Newton, a Sheepman. After a period of comparati e quiet the courts of the local justices of the peace are crowded with business, preliminary to the trial of quite a number of cases. In Justice Fraser's court a com plaint was filed against John Kop stead, who was arrested Saturday night, by Special Officer McCoy of the Northern Pacific company. The charge against Kopstead is one of petit larceny, the specific act being that of stealing two pairs of shoes from a car in transit on the Northern Pacific railway. Kopstead gave bond in the sum of $250 and he will be arraigned in court this morning at 9 o'clock. A complaint was filed in the same court against three other alleged car thieves. These are John Delaney, J. W. Chick and Lewis Levein. 'These men are also charged with petit lar ceny, it being alleged in the com plaint that they stole from a car standing in the yards 24 bottles of Cedarbrook whiskey. The robbery is alleged to have been committed on the 19th inst. The men are in the cus tody of the sheriff and will be arraign ed this forenoon. County Attorney Wilson prepared a complaint yesterday against Wil liam B. Steen, and the document was sent to M. Kline, a justice of the peace at Roundup. Steen is charged with threatening to kill J. W. New ton, a well known sheepman of the northern country. The object of the prosecution is for the puspose of plac ing Steen under bond to keep the peace, there having been quite a number of complaints against him coming in to the county attorney of late. It is stated that he has frequent ly threatened Mr. Newton's life and that it is charged that a few days ago he fixed up a gun trap by which New ton would shoot himself. During the latter's absence from his home it is 'alleged that Steen went to the house and fixed a revolver in such a manner that the opening of the door would pull 'the trigger and the weapon be discharged in the direction of the per son entering. How Mr. Newton hap pened to escape the fruition of these murderous plans is not stated. Steen made a reputation for himself several years ago in Billings by acting as his own counsel in a civil suit in which certain property interests between himself and the Ryan Bros. Cattle company were involved. A complaint was also filed in anoth er case, but as the party charged had not yet been apprehended his name was not given out. CONCERNING HOUSE FLY. Government Makes Pest Subject of Carefully Prepared Pamphlet. Washington, special. The common house fly is the subject of a 10-page, finely printed and copiously illustrated pamphlet just authorized by the gov ernment. It contains much scientific and technical information, but inciden tally it disposes of some popular mis information relative to the little pest. It says: "On account of the conformation of its mouth parts, the house fly can not bite, yet no impression is stronger in the minds of most people than that this insect does occasionally bite. This impression is due to the frequent occurrence in houses of anothe, fly, which is called the stable fly, and which, while closely resembling the house fly, (so closely, in fact, as to de ceive any one but an entomologist), differs from it in the important. par ticular that its mouth parts are formed for piercing the skin. It is, perhaps, second in point of abundance to the house fly in most portions of the north eastern states. "There is a species, smaller than the common house fly, which is called the house fly. The male, which is much commoner than the female, has large pale patches at the base of the ab domen, which are translucent when the fly is seen on the window pane. It is this species that is largely responsi ble for the prevalent idea that flies grow after gaining wings. Most peo ple think that these little homalomyias are the young of the larger flies, which, of course, is distinctly not the case. "A careful screening of windows and doors during the summer months, with th supplementary use of sticky fly I :' er, is a preventive measure, : inst the house fly known to every ir:,'', and there seems to be little hope iii the near future of much relief by doing away with the breeding places. A single stable in which a horse is kept will supply home flys for an ex t ,ded neighborhood. "'People living in agricultural com r:unities will probably never be rid of The pest, but in cities, with better methods of disposal of garbage, and w:'ith the lessening of the number of horses and horse stables consequent upon electric street railways, bicycles ,nd automobiles, the time may come, and before very long, when window gcreens may be discarded. The prompt gathering of horse manure, which may be variously treated or kept in a specially prepared recepta cle, would greatly abate the fly nui sance, and city ordinances compelling horse owners to follow some such course are desirable. Absolute clean liness, even under the existing circum stances, will always resuft in a dimin ution of the number of house flies, and, in fact, most household insects are less attracted to the premises of what is known as the old-fashioned housekeep er than of those of the other kind. "The house fly has a number of na tural enemies. The common house centipede destroys it in considerable numbers. There is a small reddish mite which frequently covers its body and gradually destroys it. It is sub ject to the attacks of hymenopterous parasites in its larvael condition, and it is destroyed by predatory beetles at the same time. "The most effective enemy, however, is a fungous disease known as Empus ina Muscoe, which carries off flies in large numbers, particularly toward the close of the seasr . The epidemic ceases in Decembe., and, although many thousands are killed by it, the remarkable rapidity of development in the early summer months soon more than replaces the thousands thus destroyed." BURLINGTON HARD HIT. Three Serious Wrecks Occurred in As Many Days. The Burlington railroad. on its northwest division, encountered an unprecedented run of hard luck, last Friday and Saturday, no less than three costly accidents having occur "red on that division in the two days mentioned, two of which resulted in fatalities. Accounts of the first two wrecks were contained in specials to this paper for Saturday and Sunday morning's Issues. Later reports state that there were four deaths resulting from these accidents. Another acci dent, in which there was no loss of life, and which was not reported, oc cu:'ed south of Sheridan, Saturday afternoon. A cat in a trei-ht train c.,nght fire ia some masner and be fore it was gotten under control six cars and their contents were entirely destroyed. The cars were heavily loaded with shingles. The last acci dent delayed several passenger trains a number of hours. TO THE ASYLUM. Wm. Heffner Will Be Returned There on Old Commitment. Sheriff Adams will go to Warm Springs this morning, in charge of William Heffner, the old gentleman who attempted to poison his family last Saturday morning by mixing a large quantity of strychnine with the sugar that was in use in the house. The young son of Heffner, who par took of the sugar and was in a critical condition for many hours thereafter, is reported to be entirely out of dan ger and doing well. Sheriff Adams will also take along with him a prisoner of the name of Bert Decker, said to be wanted in Butte on the charge of robbery. Deck er was arrested here Sunday night by Officer Talgo on a description furnish-I ed by the Butte officers. It was rumor ed here last night that instead of being wanted for robbery that Decker is sus pected with having been implicated in the Shadwell murder that was com mitted several months ago in Butte. MATHEMATICAL PRODIGIES. Children Who Have Astonished the World With Their Feats. New York Herald: George Parker Bidder was one of the most remark able mathematical geniuses and was about the only one among this class of infant prodigies whose talents were really useful to him in later life and who followed up his precocious youtth with a successful manhood. Bidder was born in 1806 at Morton Hampstead in Devonshire, England, where his father carried on a small business as a stockman. When only 4 years old Bidder showed a most ex traordinary ability for calculation. His peculiar talents soon attracted general attention, and his father found it more profitable to travel about the country and exhibit his son as the "calculating phenomenon" than to follow his hum ble trade. The boy was taken to London and his peculiar talents were investigated by the most learned men of his time, whom he astonished by the rapidity with which he answered the most dif ficult questions. The following question was solved by him in 40 seconds: "Suppose the ball at the top of St. Peter's cathedral to be six feet in diameter, what did the gilding cost at 3% pence per square inch?" The answer, £237 10s Id, was given before the examiner had time to put the figures of the example on pa per. The following question was answer ed in 60 seconds: "Suppose a city to he illuminated with 9,999 lamps, each lamp to consume one pint of oil every four hours in succession, how many gallons would they consume in 40 years?" The answer contains nine figures, 169,489,050 gallons. Another curious question was: "Sup pose the earth to consist of 971,000,000 inhabitants and suppose they die in 30 years and four months, how many have returned to dust since the time of Adam, computaing it to be 2,850 years?" This problem offered no dif ficulties to the lad, who nonchalantly rattled off the answer in less than 30 seconds. Fortunately for the boy, he attract ed the attention of some eminent scholars, who had him educated at Camberwell and afterward at Edin burgh, where he carried off all the prizes for the study of higher math ematics. After his graduation from college he pursued the profession of engineer and became associated with Robert Stephenson and assisted in constructing the Birmingham railway. Later in life he entered parliament, and many stories are told of Bidder's wonderful skill in detecting a flaw in some new set of elaborate calcula tions. He died at Dartmouth in 1878. Another extraordinary child was Zerah Colburn, who was born at Cabot, Vt., in 1804. His remarkable genius for abstruse mathematical problems I was displayed at an early age, and when 8 years he solved the most dif flo lt prbblems by the mere opera tion of his mind. Asked by an emi nent mathematician to give the square of 999,999, he replied almost instantly, giving the figures 999,998,000,001, without any hesitation. He produced the result by multiplying the square of 37,037 by the square of 27. He was then asked to multiply the answer twice 'by 49 and once by 25, a task which he accomplished in less than two minutes, although the answer consists of 17 figures. In five seconds he gave the cube root of 413,993,348,677, and to all ques tions of a similar nature he succeeded in giving correct answers. Profes sors and scientific men endeavored to obtain a knowledge of Colburn's meth ods, but the boy declared that he was unable to explain how the answers came to his mind. LITERARY HONESTY Chicago News: It was plainly one of the days when to Geraldine the world was stuffed with sawdust and a poor quality of sawdust at that. "I, am weary, dead tired and bored with living up to people's expectations of me," she announced for a beginning. "For three solid years since I came out I've been doing it and wondering why I wasn't deliriously happy, as they say a young girl should be. And I don't think I ever should have come out of my trance if it hadn't suddenly dawn ed on me that nine-tenths of the peo ple I was feverishly endeavoring to keep step with were just bluffing, too!" "You haven't been reading-er Maeterlinck, have you?" I inquired, cautiously. I don't know much about Maeterlinck, but I've noticed when people have an attack of wanting to make the world all over they general ly have been reading some writer with impossible theories and ideals so I hit on the Belgian as a scapegoat. The effect on Geraldine was quite dreadful. "I have not!" she declared distinctly. "I don't know what he means! And I abominate Ibsen! I hate what they call fine writing. I much prefer good detective stories and nice comfortable romances where the hero and heroine fall in love and get married like sensible people, instead of having souls and occult influences and spasms of thinking that maybe they do not care for each other to the ultimate possibility of caring, and so bid each other an eternal farewell that lasts through various tragedies to the last chapter, when in a spell of absent mindedness they get married and live unhappily ever after!" "Go on," I urged. "I'll be silent as the grave!" "You needn't!" sputtered Geraldine. "For the next time some impressive, silk-spengled woman leans across the luncheon table and in thrilling tones inquires whether I've read that 'per fectly chawming story, "The How of the Whereatness," and whether I wasn't unutterably thrilled at the chapter where the heroine discovers her real inner self and the emptiness of existence, I'm not going to try to look intelligent and as though I were quite at ease and murmur that I'm simply overwhelmed by the tragic beauty of the whole thing. I'm going to look her right in the eye and say I couldn't for the life of me get through the first chapter, but that I'm thorough ly enjoying a book by Mary J. Holmes which I found up in the attic. I'm going to be honest." "You won't get asked to any more parties if you are," I predicted. "I don't care!" cried Geraldine, reck lessly. "Most of them are no fun any how. Everyone is crazy to go only be cause she fears the rest of the guests will think she didn't get an invitation! And they always ask you upsetting things, such as whether you've been to the Art institute to see that interest ing special exhibit! And I never have been! I always intend to go so I won't have to be disapproved of by the people who try to make society conver sation, but either the dressmaker keeps me too long or I meet a girl and go to the matinee or I have to rush home to keep an engagement. I can't SALE OF BRED SOWS The undersigned will offer for sale at their stock yards, two car loads of brood sows of the Duroc Jersey and Poland China breeds. They should reach Billings no later than the 21st. inst. , THESE SOWS ARE PURE BRED and will be sold at stock hog prices, and will be disposed of at once. .. .. .. .. We have received orders for nearly one car load and parties contemplating purchasing this kind of stuff will not have another opportunity to stock at these prices. . . .. . Time will be given when desired. 8 LOGAN'S LIVE STOCK EXCHANGE . oooo0oo oo,:owo ooooooo see that it is my fault in the least and it irritates me so 'to have people put on airs just because they did succeed in finding 15 minutes in which to gal lop through the galleries. There is nothing on earth so maddeningly com placent as the woman who has done something she knows she ought to en joy, but doesn't, especially if she finds you haven't done it. Anyhow, I don't like most pictures and I really enjoy magazine illustrations better than splotches of eccentric paint that make the landscapes the wrong colors, ac cording to my point of view. I'm per fectly hopeless, esthetically. After thie I shall not go to hear great pian ists, because they always give me- the headache or put me to sleep. I shall say, 'No, thank you,' and stay home and play the popular songs and enjoy myself. And the next time Truman Haskins Dartmouth calls I shall not be at home." "Well, I can't really blame you," I admitted. "He has a beetling brow and what they always call a tremen dous intellect." "Which, interpreted, means he is an awful bore," supplemented the eman cipated Geraldine, rising. "I've been trying to live up to that man ever since he began calling, just because it was such hard work, and I thought it was good for me. But never again! I'm going to telephone to Bob to come over and make a rarebit and play cards. And I won't have to do a thing but laugh all evening!" "Because Bob hasn't any intellect?" I asked. Geraldine blushed. "Well, he's got enough!" she insisted. Voices of the Gods. Chicago Record-Herald: A waggish occupant of the gallery shouted the other night to a pretty but indistinct lady artist; "Don't be nervous, my dear; it's only me!" At another thea ter one of the "gods" called down to an actor who had just finished making rather a long speech: "Will you say that again, please? I didn't hear it!" Perhaps the most disturbing remark of the "speak up" order was that made to a very romantic actor who was making love in absurdly low tones to a lady whose wrongly arranged atti tude obliged him to turn his back to the audience. "Let's hear the story, guv-nor-if it ain't improper!" At a recent "first night," when the manager came before the curtain close upon midnight to accept the verdict of the audience, some one from above made a very apt and clever use of the old saying, "I like your company, but I don't like your hours." The gallery ite's polite remark to Henry Irving at about a quarter to 12 on a Saturday night at the Lyceum, "I hope we're not keeping you up, sir!" is, of course, ancient history. A romantic and gallent farm hand had saved the hero at the expense of his own life-he had stood in the line of the villan's fire-and was slowly, too slowly for the hour, dying from the awful effects of the blank cartridge at a suburban theater. His sweetheart was by his side, tending the crimson stain on his shirt front, and he looked up into her face and said with long-spun-out effort: Give us a buss, lass! Just one buss for the last!" At which a cruel gal leryite, who was anxiously consulting his watch, cried down: "What about my last 'bus?" Austin North BANI BILLINGS, MONTA NA Responsible Capital, $150,000.00 Transacts a General Banking Business Issues Drafts, Money Orders and Trav elers' Money Orders payable every where. Pays 6 per cent interest on time de posits. Auetin North, Cashier. R. E. Stoner, Assistant Cashier.