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SEVERIDGE RESUMES IllS SENATE SPEECH
Advances Further Argument in Support of Bill Calculated to Lessen Evils of Child Labor. Washington, Jan. 28.-Senator Bev eridge today resumed his speech in behalf of the measure prohibiting child labor. Mr. Beveridge stated that three- fourths of the cotton factor!es of the south were opposing the bill, that the railroads of the south wers opposing it and that the coal mines of the south were opposing it. Senator Tillman acknowledged the very great evil of child labor in .bi state, but he believed the question one for state rather than federal con trol. Adding to the difficulty in his state he said, was the northern mil. lionaire who invested his money in cotton mills and then influenced the legislature against child labor laws. "The senator is to a certain extent right," interrupted Senator Gallinger "Rather than have northern money there exercising its lobbying influ. ence," retorted Mr. Tillman, "I wou'" to God the senator and all others would keep northern money out of the state." A spirited colloquy resulted between Senators Spooner and Beveridge, whys the former asked if it was the posi tion of the Indiana senator that coni FAMINE GREATEST KNOWN Thousands Dying for Want of Bread-- SMuch Suffering Prevails. Washington, Jan. 23.-Mall reports Ai from American consular officers in in China which reached the state depart- ge ment today regarding the famine ani M resulting conditions, further confirm an the stories of suffering and hardship, 18 Consul Hayes at Nanking says that liT the famine is 10 times worse than any thing known in that part of the empire cli for the last 20 years. The Chinese of. wi ficials, he says, upon information giv th en by the viceroy admit their inability su to cope with the situation. w: Consul General Rodgers at Sbarg' in hai advises the department that re- ci -ports as to the conditions appearing in the newspapers, both foreign ani in Chinese, are for the most part sus- is tained by the investigations made Lv of OTHER QUAKES FELT 'Violent Shock Occurs at Kingston -No Damage Reported-Insurance Companies Are Investigating Fire Losses. Kingston, Jam., Jan. 28.- The heav iest earthquake shock, since the one which devastated Kingston January 14, occurred here at 4:30 o'clock this morning. No damage is reported. It was announced today .hat a C special committee to investigate the s situation in behalf of the English in surance companies sailed from Bristol tl last Saturday. The purpose of the c' commission is to ascertain the extent n of the conflagration, which followednl the earthquake with the view of a- b ranging a compromise with the insur ers, or preparing evidence with which to combat threatened legal proceed ings. NO STRIKE EXPECTED. C Railroad Managers and Employes in Conference at Chicago. Chicago, Jan. 28.-Conferences be tween the general managers of the F railroads, west, southwest and north. west of Chicago, and representatives of the conductors' and trainmens' or ganizations, regarding the demands n0 the latter commenced today, with a preliminary meeting. The men are asking an eight-hour day and an increase of wages from I 10 to 15 per cent. A peaceful solution is expected. ASKS BURLINGTON'S AID. Hill Calls for Engines to Help Raise Dakota Blockade. Omaha, Neb., Jan. 28.-James J. Hill has called upon the Burlington rail road to help raise the blockade of the Northern Pacific in the Dakotas, and the Burlington has responded by send ing 12 of its heaviest locomotives from the Nebraska division to the Northern Pacific. So urgent was the call that the 12 big moguls were sent forward without loads, each running under its own steam and going by the new line between Ashland and Sioux City. Con 4actors and firemen to man the en -. '.les also went -from the Burlington. It is possible ix;miore locomotives -will go from Neiraaksa, although there is a. shortago ot motive power in this gress had power to enact, under the commerce clause of the constitution a law which would prevent child lab.r in the states. Mr. Beveridge replied that he so held. Mr. Spooner indicated that he would have something to say on that, where upon Mr. Beveridge retorted that the senator could issue a "flat," if he sa v fit, indicating at the same time that this fiat would be from the sena.. judiciary committee. "I issue the flat for myself," retort ed Mr. Spooner. "You did give a fiat yourself," con tinued Mr. Beveridge, "when you in troduced a resolution directing the judiciary committee to advise the sen ate upon the constitutionality of the question involved." He then said that the effect of the resolution was to make Senator Spooner chairman of the sub-committee which would re port on the matter. Mr. Spooner replied that he had been a member of the senate for some time-somewhat longer than the sena tor from Indiana-but, he added, he did not expect to a senator as long as the senator from Indiana, and it wa. not an unusual thing for the senate to refer a matter to the judiciary com American naval officers. He says an inquiry which he has made gives the general conclusion that the famine by March 1 will be regarded as severs and perhaps more so than that of 1878, by which it is thought 10,000,000 lives were lost. "My deliberate opinion," he con eludes, "is that the next few months will see the development of dangerous things in this part of China and that such conditions and circumstance: will have a great effect on fnreign interests, political as well as commer ciel. "Chinese New Years this year falls in the second week of February and is being watcher with no small regree of uneasiness." NORMAL BONDS ARE INVALID Federal Supreme Court Sustains Attorney General Galen. Washington, Jan. 28.-The case of Charles S. Haire vs. James H. Rice. state treasurer of Montana, inovlving the right to invest a part of the pro ceeds of the sale of the Montana state normal school lands in the erection of normal school buildings, was decided by the supreme court of the United States today favorably to Rice. The action was brought again-t Rice because he refused to honor a warrant drawn on the state treasury for a normal school building under course of erection, on money derived ATTEMPTED TOO MUCH Pacific Syndicate Stores Company Fails in Attempt to Open String of Cheap Shops. Los Angeles, Jau. 28.-The affairs of the Pacific Syndicate Stores corn pany are in the hands of the Mer chants Trust company, and it is said that a failure that Involves about $100,000 will entail no loss upon cred itors. The company, incorporated for $500,000, with headquarters at San Francisco and Los Angeles, was pre paring to open a string of 10-cent I stores on the Pacific coast. It was the purpose to establish about 50 such shops in various cities. Five or six, I mostly in southern California, have been stocked, but had not been openel a for business when the company be a came financially embarrassed. Moat t of the stockholders are eastern par a ties. Reorganization of the company s and a continuation of its business e may follow. L_ The cost of financing the concern 1- and the delay in freight shipments are given as the reasons for the fail s ure. is Latest styles in Job Printing at the Gazette Omee. mittee for report as to the power of congress to act on a given matter "The fiat lay in the adoption of the resolution," he concluded. Mr. Beveridge then remarked that he had yielded to the senator ani. that he had announced when the sena tor was not in the chamber that hr, would be glad to answer any question To this Mr. Spooner replied that the committee would be glad to get In formation from the senator on the question and that he should be glad . do so. "Of course," retorted Mr. Beveridge "I cannot give the senator informa tion, or can anybody else." He added, "Well, I might, but the senator doer; not think so." Mr. Beveridge closed the incident by remarking that it might be well to postpone action until the supreme court had acted. Senator Beveridge continued his remarks until 5 o'clo.s when he suspended until tomorrow. His position is that the power of congress to enact legislation is am. ple, but when asked by Mr. Rayner if this power could be exercised to absolutely prohibit commerce between the states he replied that the ques tion was an impossible one. AFFAIRS AT KINGSTON Conditions Continue Bad in Ruined City-People Greatly in Need of Tents and Medical Supplies. Boston, Jan. 28.-Captain Davis of the steamer Admiral Dewey, which arrived today with 49 passengers. most of them from Kingston, Jama; ca, reports conditions at Kingston as bad and the people greatly in need of tents and medical supplies. About 350 destitute refugees who appealed to Captain Davis were carried frm Kingston to Porto Antonio. Captain Davis says the harbor of Kingston is still without beacon lights of any nature. The whole west end of Port Royal was under water to a depth of 10 to 15 feet when his vessel sailed. BURNHAM PUT AT WORK. Ossining, N. Y., Jan. 28.-George Burnham, Jr., former general counsel for the Mutual Life Insurance com pany, was put to work in the printing shop in Sing Sing prison today. from the sale of bonds issued on the normal school lands. He took the position that the tran. saction was antagonistic to the Mon tana constitution, which requires that the funds shall be so invested as to draw interest for the benefit of the normal school, and the Montana .o. -preme court sustained him. The s:i preme court affirms the state court, on the ground that under the congres sional grant the Montana legislature, could not transcend the provision of the Montana constitution. ICE TRUST PROSECUTION. Missouri Attorney General Moving Against St. Louis Combine. Norfolk, Mo., Jan. 28.-The ice trust prosecution by the state of Missouri against the Polar Wave Ice company. the Merchants Ice company and others came up in Norfolk today for the tak ing of a deposition made by F. A. Stillwell, formerly a restaurant pro prietor at St. Louis, who declared that he had been buying ice from the Mer chants Ice company in that city for 17%2 cents per hundred pounds, when the price suddenly jumped to 25 cents per hundred pounds. Stillwell said he refused to pay the increase and sought to buy from other companies in St. Louis, all of which refused to sell to him. SOME ONE BLUNDERED. Confusion of Orders Causes Serious Wreck on Northern Pacific. Bismarck, N. D, Jan. 28.-A mix of orders, it is alleged, caused a collision of Northern Pacific train No. 4, eas+ bound, and No. 5, westbound, four miles east of Dickinson, early this morning. Both were doubleheaders. Andrew Thompson, fireman of the first engine on No. 5, was killed. All the other firemen and engineers sustained minor injuries. No passengers were gerious ly injured. The four engines were wrecked. WAITERS OF CITY WILL ORGANIZE HAVE ALREADY APPLIED FOR A CHARTER. DEMAND SHORTER DAY All Waiters of Restaurants and Hotels Have Been Asked to Join-Will En deavor to Close the Chinese Places of Eating. A large number of the cooks and waiters of the city held a meeting Sunday afternoon and decided to or ganize a local union in this city. Th - matter was taken up with the Intoe national Cooks and Watters' union of America, with headquarters m Chicago and a charter has been asked for, which is expected to arrive within the next few days. The object of organization, as ex pressed by one of the members, is 1o secure employment at six days a week instead of seven as at present, while 10 hours shall constitute a day's work instead of 12 as at the present time. The union will also make a fight against the number of Chinese restau. rants now being operated in the c!ty after their organization is perfecte:l, and expect to shut a number of these out of business. Another meeting will be held some time during the week for the purpose of inviting the waiters of the different hotels of the city to join the organi zation and a committee is now hard at work with this idea in view. All. o0 the yard men, together with other hotel employes will be solicited and it is expected that the union will start off with a large membership. CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATIONS Examinations will be held February 27 for the purpose of filling vacancies in a number of government positions, according to bulletins just receivel at the Billings postoffice from this United States civil service commls sion. Among the positions open is that of chief engineer and electrician in the custom house at' St. Louis, at $1,800 per annum. Letter-writing, practical questions in mechanical and electrical engineering, including the operation of electric elevators and experience ar, the subjects in which applicants will be examined. They must also indi" cate in their applications that they are graduates of technical institutions or engineering colleges and have had at least five years' practical experience in the performance of the duties re quired in the government position. The examination for a blacksmith and engineer at Fort Lewis, Col., will also consist of practical questions and experience. The position pays a sJ ary of $840 a year. At least two vacancies exist in the position of cataloguer in the, govern. ment printing office at Washington, paying an annual salary of $900 each. A logger at $55 per month is wanted at San Juan, N. M. The principal duties of this position are the handling of mule teams and the transportation of logs through the mountains. No educational test will be. given and It will not be necessary for' applicants to appear at any place for examina tion. KILLED BY AMMONIA FUMES.* Fatal Results Follow Explosion of an ice Machine. Chicago, Jan. 28.-Three men were killed and 16 others were seriously injured today as a result of the ex plosion of an ice machine in the power house of Armour & Co., at Forty-fourth streets and Packers' avenue. Twenty men were working in the room, when the head of a cylinder of an ice machine blow off, filling the room with ammonia fumes. The other men are in a serious condition. The strength of the fumes was so great that the men. in the room were res cued with great difficulty. The men who were killed were near the ice machine, and it was impossible to get them out before they died. All of the victims were Austrian and Hungarian laborers. FIREMEN KILLED. Buffalo, N. Y., Jan. 28.-As the re sult of a fire which destroyed the Columbia building, occupied by about 20 tenants, three firemen are dead and 18 are more or less injured. The fire loss is estimated at $500, 000. Several buildings adjoining and on posite the Columbia building were damaged. COURT TAKE8 RJECESS Washington, Jan. 28.-Chie Justice Fuller today ana~pnced that the Su preme, Court of the United State. would take a three weeW' recess from Monday next, for $.te pu.pOP of 0eo sultation over : cs . CITY SLEET BOUND. Ice Causes Much Annoyance and Se. rious Damage at Portland. Portland, Ore., Jan. 28.-The entire northwest is experiencing a genuine sleet storm today. Everything is coated with ice. Trees are being brok en down under the weight of the ice, telegraph and telephone poles in many places are broken and electric light wires are dragging in the streets and roads. The street car service in Port land is demoralized and on the east side of the river the service is entirely suspended. It will be days before the damage to electric light, telephone and telegraph wires can be repaired. OLIVER IS PREPARED Notifies Secetary That He Will Sub mit Required Proposal to Build Canal Within Specified Time. Washington, Jan. 28. - William J. Oliver of Knoxville, Tenn., the lowest bidder in connection with the contract for the completion of the Panama ca nal, today notified Secretary Taft that he would complete his contract within the 10 days allowed him. He assured the secretary that he was about to associate with him one or more respon sible contractors, whom he was sat isfied beforehand would be satisfactory to the secretary and president. SENATE SUMMARY. Washington, Jan. 28.-The senate adopted a resolution directing the in terstate commerce commission to re port as to the position in its employ held by C. S. Hanks, who recently stated before the Boston chamber of commerce that railroad rates could be reduced 10 per cent without Im pairing dividends. The resolution also sets forth the facts on which this statement was based. Both houses today adopted a joint resolution continuing the joint postal commission until its affairs can be wound up. PUZZLES THE AUTHORITIES. Pittsburg, Pa., Jan. 28.-Albert Huck found the body of his wife lying on a table of her room, burned to a crisp, when he returned home late last night. The first theory of the accidental death was abandoned by the police and the coroner when it was discov ered that nothing else in the room was burned, not even the table where the woman was found. TIRED OF LIFE. Two Los Angeles Men Commit Suicide in Identical Manner. Los Angeles, Jan. 28.-Oscar Brown of Chicago and Vernon Hunt, an el derly street car conductor, committed suicide last night in an identical man ner and almost at the same moment. Each stood undressed before a mi"ror in his room and fired a shot into i:s brain, dying instantly. Hunt had brooded over his dir, charge from the employ of the Los Angeles Railway company, after !E years service. Brown was young and well educated. The reason for his suicide is not known. IDAHO JUDGE RETIRES. Boise, Idaho, Jan. 28. - James H. Beatty, for 16 years judge of the United States court for the district of Idaho, today announced that he had tendered his resignation to President - Roosevelt, with a request that his suc cessor be appointed before March 4. Judge Beatty announces no reason for his retirement. He has reached the age permitting retirement with a pen sion. BERT QUITS COAST LEAGUE. San Francisco, Jan. 28.-J. Cal Ew ing today received a telegram from Enegne F. Bert, tendering his resig nation as president of the Coast lea gue. Mr. Bert has been successful in his efforts to make good legal cone nections in Chicago and for this rea son wishes to sever his connection with the baseball organization. PUBLISHING PLANT BURNS. Springfield, Mass., Jan. 28.-The plant of the Phelps Publishing com pany was destroyed by fire early to day. The loss is estimated at $1,000, 000. The company published Good Housekeeping, a monthly magazine; the Monthly American Agriculturist, The England Homestead, and Farm and Home. Arrangements are being made for the publication of these jour nals in other cities. STOLYPIN MORE LIBERAL. Issues Order Permitting Greater Free dom of Speech at Moscow. Moscow, Jan. 28.-The governor gen eral has cancelled, at Premier Stoly pin's direction, the election order that ! any person delivering speeches hostile to the government at electoral meet ings shall be sentenced to three months' imprisonment or to pay a Sfine of $250. The premier has directed provincial s authorities to avoid interference with 4 campaign meetings, except where nec . yea to prevent The open advocacy of revoluationar outbreak. BOOSTERS OFF TO HELENA Billings Delegation Will Attend Mass Meeting of Business Men. Billings boosters will be very much in evidence at the state mass meet' ing of business men in Helena today. Fifty liye ones left last night for the capital city and, barring unexpectel delays enroute, will be on hand to par. ticipate in the movement for a-greater Montana. Taking into consideration the short time in which arrangements were made for the trip, the delegation was a large one and thoroughly rep'e. sentative of the commercial and indun trial life of Billings. A special car was engaged for the local contingent and was attached to No. 43, which departed for the west, two hours late. The car was decorated with banners, boosting Billings, and in. side the car were thousands of samples bags of Billings sugar, the first that Montana has produced. The samples will be distributed in Helena. Characteristic of the public spirited citizens of this city was the quick work of B. R. Albin and others In raising a subscription yesterday of $650 with which to defray the ex penses of the Second Regiment band on the trip. Twenty-three members of this popular musical organization ac companied the delegation. W. B. George went to Helena Sunday night ONLY THREE MORE WANTED Jury to Try Thaw for White Killing Al most Complete. New York, Jan. 28.-The jury to try Harry K. Thaw for the killing of Stanford White is nearly completed. When court adjourned this afternoon there were nine men in the jury. box, one having been added during the morning session and one just before adjournment at '5 o'clock. It is ex pected that the taking of testimony will begin Wednesday afternoon. Fifty talesmen were examined today. A total of 300 men has been summon ed thus far. Of the original panel there remain today only 35, and it was not considered that this number would be sufficient out of which to se lect the three jurors required to make up the necessary 12. Of the 50 men examined today, 43 were excused on doctors' certificates or because they had formed opinions which were too strong to be shaken by the testimony, or for various other reasons sufficient to incapacitate a man for service in capital cases. Five talesman were challenged preempto rily, the state leading in the exercise of this privilegewith three challenges. The two men of the 50 who proved acceptable 'to both sides were Charles D. Newton, a retired railroad official, who is 65 years of age, and Louia Haas, the New York representative of a Philadelphia candy concern, who is about 30 years of age. In accepting the latter Mr. Jerome dwelt for some time on the question of FIRE FIGHTERS' SAD END Members of Buffalo Department Buried by Collapsing Building. Buffalo, N. Y., Jan. 28.-Buried un der tons of ice-coated debris of the eight-story Seneca building at 101-109 Seneca street, destroyed by fire today, three firemen are probably dead or so badly injured that they will die before aid can reach them. About 20 firemen besies the three missing men were on the roof of the Heinwood building adjoining the Sen eca, fighting against the spread of the flames, when the two walls of the Seneca building collapsed. Tons of debris from the crumbling wails MINE IS BURNING. Pueblo, Colo., Jan. 28.-A special to the Chieftan, from Trinidad, Colo., says: Willow mine No. 5, of the St. Loulid Rocky Mountain and Pacific company near Van Houston, N. M.. caught fire this morning from a misplaced shot and is still burning. All of the miners except three ems caped and it is believed that they hal been suffocated. ALLEGED MURDERER CAUGHT. El Paso, Texas, Jan. 28.-In the ar rest at Juarez today of Juan Navarro Reglado, a prominent Mexican, it is believed that the mystery surrounding the murder of two beautiful young Mexican women of the city has been solved. The two women members of for the purpose of arranging a suitable reception for the Billings crowd, which will be quartered at the Broad. water hotel. Included in the delegation wer3 former State Senator Christian Yegen, Edmund Simmons, C. C.. Bever, F. H. Hathhorn, O. F. Goddard, J. C. West. Carl Hunkins, O. A. Tschudy, H. C Wright, Austin North, A. S. Shannon, Paul McCormick, O. C. Ovren and II. M. Brayton. P. B. Moss, A. L. Babcock, L. C. Baib cock, W. B. George and Mayor Fred H Foster are already on the ground having gone in advance of the others The following band boys were among those who went: Earl Stev ens, John McGreevy, Charles Hart sough, W. McGreevy, Dick Logan, E. McGreevy, Carl Becraft, Ben Witham, Gerald Simpson, Claude Hudson, Charles Crowe, E. W. Szitnick, L. E. Boucher, William Schneider. A. E. Bronsted, Thomas Purcell, H. F. Me Farlin, Frank Shaeffer, Howard Hin man, Charles Sawyer, Louis Kirchies, Roy Evans and W. T. Denniston. The delegation will be in Helena two days. While there the band will give a concert and altogether a lively time is in store for the local bosterr. reasonable doubt, questioning the talesman searchingly as to his ideas of the differences between a partial doubt and a possible doubt. Mr. Haas seemed to incline to the idea that a conviction for murder in the first de gree should be voted, only when such doubt as one might feel in regard to his own interests obtained. This seemed to satisfy the district attorney. District Attorney Jerome continued today to base his examinations of the talesmen on the belief that Thaw's lawyer may offer two defenses, one of emotional insanity at the time of the . shooting, and the other "the unwrit ten law." All of the defendant's family were in court today. They sat closely grouped in two rows of chairs just back of the prisoner. As usual, they seldom spoke to one another. Thinks Well of Newspapers. At the afternoon session Julius Som ner, a talesman, created some amuse ment by arguing with District Attor ney Jerome as to the value of an opinion. "Dyou mean to say," asked Mr. Jerome, "that you would let the tattle or idle gossip of the newspapers in fluence your judgment as against any evidence you may hear in court?" "''Yes," replied the talesman. "For I don't believe that all the newspapers print is idle gossip." Somner was excused. crashed down on the roof of the lower Heywood building, going through the roof and carrying floor after floor into the basement. None of the 20 men escaped without injury, but half of them were able to fight their way out and to give aid to their less fortunate companions. The rescuers worked all of the after noon, but no traces of the missing men could be found. As night fell electric light wires were strung into the ruins and tonight the work of rescue was kept up. a prominent family, were outraged and chopped to pieces with an axe, Decem ber 11, and were found at their home in one of the principal streets 'of Jua rez, several hotra later. VIOLATED LABOR LAW. Chicago, Jan.. 28.-The Alliss Chalmers company, manufacturers of machinery, was fined $4,000 today by Judge Landis in the United Btatei district court, following the return by a jury of a verdict finding the opm pany guilty of importing four iron moulders from Manchester, Eaglanf. in violation of the alien contract labtr law. Counsel for the company will e". peal the case to the United States circuitt court of appeals.