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Senate Discusses Rhode Islander's Financial Measure. AS AMENDED BY NELSON Minnesota Senator Explains Nature of His Proposed Amendment. Washington, Feb. 23.-Senator Ald rich today succeeded in having the agricultural bill temporarily laid aside in order that his financial bill might receive further consideration. As soon as the Aldrich measure was taken up Senator Nelson re sumed his arguments in support of1 his amendment requiring the banks to pay interest on government de posits. Senator Nelson explained the nat ure and intended operation of hia amendment to the bill The amend ment permits the secretary of of the. treasury to receive as security for; deposits of, government funds in na- 1 tional banks, at his discretion, "state or municipal bonds," also such bonds 1 as the law permits the bands of Mas-, sachusetts and New York to accept It further provides that the banks shall pay the government at leastt 2 per cent interest per annum on the daily balances on government deposits. MIr. Nelson combatted the idea that such a requirement would I change the character of the govern. ment deposits, saying that if it was* held that banks receiving such de posits were "fiscal agents" of the gov ernmennt the money thus received should be kept intact by them and not loaned out on interest. He said the better class of banks did not object to paying interest on government do posits. As to the first proposition, Mr. Nelson repeated what he had said several days ago that the secretary was now receiving railroads bonds as security. Senator Aldrich had ques tioned this at the time Senator Nel son read a letter received from a banker in St. Paul which stated that' the secretary of the treasury had re ceived from him as security for gov ornment deposits $150,000 of Northern Pacific 41/2 per cent and $50,000 4 per cent Union Pacific bonds. REMARKABLY LUCKY WRECK Only Few are Injured on the Eighteen flour Train. Johnstown, Pa., Feb. 23.-In one of the most remarkable wrecks that ever occurred on the Pennsylvania railroad, 54 passengers and a railroad crew of 10 people, were more or less injured this morning when the Penn sylvania special, the 18-hour train be tween New York and Chicago was wrecked, while rounding a sharp curve near South Fork, six miles south from this city. Seven passengers sustained serious hurts necessitating their removal to hospitals. They are Frederick A. Busse, postmaster of Chicago; John Kline, postmaster of Joliet, Ill.; Fe lix Esman, real estate broker, Phil adelphia; Samuel F. Nixon, Philadel phia, all taken to the Altoona hospit al. Charles W. Byer, Lafayette, Ind.; J.; Wood Wilson, Marion, Ind.; and W. H. Baker, Chicago, taken to the Seeley Lumber Co, Building Material Yards: Minnesota Ave. and 30th St. Billings, Mont. Phones: Mutual 6. Bell, 126 Red. :--:. _ Senator Aldrich admitted that he had been incorrect in denying the stament. 'Senator Nelson said he did not know by what authority the secre tary had received such securities, un less it should be the words "and otherwise' 'in the law, saying govern ment deposits should be 'secured by United States bonds and otherwise." Later, when Senator Aldrich was discussing the bill, the same point was reached, and Senator Nelson ask ed by what authority the secretary of the treasury had received other than government bonds. "I must confess that I do not know," said Mr. Ald rich. "I do know that he has been receiving a miscellaneous character of securities, but so far as I know he has never reported to congress the class of securities he has been re ceiving." The Nelson amendment as ex plained by Mr. Aldrich would require all government funds to kept in na tional banks, and thus the large banks of the country which habitu ally carry United States bonds as in vestments would receive the deposits. He said that financial committee had realized in dealing with the questions that they were many and difficult, but that if an attempt was made to to solve them at the present short sessiol, failure in all respects wc'ill result. "Therefore," he continued, "the committee reported a bill permitting the secretary of the treasury to de posit customs receipts in national banks in the same manner as he de posited internal revenue receipts. "As a matter of fact, the secretary of the treasury is doing this now, by depositing in banks all of the in ternal revenue receipts and using the customs receipts to pay current ex- penses. But this operation is noti direct." Allegheny general hospital at Pitts burg. All will be able to leave the hospit als within a few days, except Mr. Kline, who has a serious wound in his lung. The flyer was about 50 minutes late and was traveling over 60 miles an hour when the train hit the curve. The accident was caused by a brake rigging dropping to the track on the first Pullman coach, following the engine and combination smoker. The great speed of teh train tore up the track and steel ties for 500 feet. The engine and sleeping car remained on the rails, but the three Pullman coaches plunged down a 60-foot em bankment, on the thick ice of the Conemaugh river. Much disorder followed the acci dent, which was greatly increased by the attempts of the railroad officials to prevent the newspaper men get ting the facts. In the midst of the confusion a number of foreigners were detect ed plundering the Pullman cars. One was arrested. Considerable Jeweiry and valuable wearing apparel was taken however. REMAINS A PRISONER. El Paso, Texas, Feb. 23.-United States District Judge Maxey today handed down his decision refusing to grant habeas corpus to Antonio Villa real, the alleged revolutionist. This does not affect the case against Vil lareal pending in the department of justices and of commerce and labor. Only Four Members Present Vote Against Measure---Goodly Number of Bills Passed---Senate Not in Session. Helena, Feb. 23.-With only two votes more than a quorum present, the house today passed house bill No. 185, Griffin's anti-gambling bull, by a vote of 35 to 4. Those voting ;o were Cluston, Kirwan, Longytaff and Sherman. Whether the small num ber of votes was due to this being Saturday or the absentees had im portant business in the lobby about that time did not develop. Many other bills passed third read ing. 'These house bills were also passed: No. 146, 153 and 149, life in surance measures; No. 22, firemen's indemnity; No. 80, changing the road law, making the county surveyor' road supervisor; No. 166, sale of mer chandise; No. 271, regulating broker age; No. 202, farmers' institutes; No. 272, codifying the laws; No. 140, text book commission; No. 231, school of mines appropriation; No. 181, assist ant librarian, state historical society; No. 230, renewal of chattel mort gages; No. 250, coal mine law; No. 267, wash houses at coal mines; No. 204, coal mine inspectors; No. 217, expenses of the state government until 1909; No. 241, increasing pay of the assistant in attorney general's office, and also concurred in senate bill No. 40, increasing the school levy. The balance of the day was devoted to committee reports, business qn the general orders not being reach ed. There was a lively discussion over the report of the committee on house bill No. 230, paying sheriffs for transporting prisoners, and the bill was sent to the judiciary com mittee, which is to call witnesses and thoroughly investigate every claim. Several bills were killed as follows: Relating to board of horticulture, special tax on fruit trees, for the ru lief of one Stark, alleged to have wrongfully paid money into the state land department; requiring railroads to furnish cars for carlot shipments; i confiscation of coal by common car riers. House bill No. 135, fixing the number of judges in Lewis and Clark, was again up for discussion. The house did not like the senate amend ment reducing the number of judges at Helena to one. Miller was the only member of the Lewis and Clarkl delegation who favored the amend ment. After a long discussion the bill was made a special order . for next Wednesday afternoon. Whiteside's two bills relative to taxing corporations called forth a hot discussion, and so did house bill No. 8, removing the fishing license. All three were eventually ordered print ed. The committee on fairs report ed favorably on the bill appropriating $25,000 for a Montana display at the Alaska-Yukon exposition. Miller of Park gave notice of a bill requiring officers of cities to give bonds for the faithful performance of their duties as follows: Mayor, $20,000; alder man, $10,000; attorney, $10,000; clerk, $5,000; chief of police, $1,000; school trustees, $1,000. Bills were introduced as follows: Marshall, relating to revenue and NO BOOZE FOR VETERANS Inmates of Soldiers' Homes Will Go Dry ---Night Session Held. (Bulletin.) Washington, Feb. 23.-The house tonight adopted an amendment to the sundry civil bill providing that no bar or canteen where intoxicating liquors are sold shall be maintained in na tional soldiers' homes. An amendment offered by Norris of Nebn.ska, appropriating $100,000 for "the continuation of the investigation of structural materials belonging to the United States, such as stone, clays, cement, etc., under the supervision of the director of the United States geo logical survey, was agreed to. Then $200,000 was appropriated for contin ning tests of coal and lignite. An amendment of Olmstead of Pennsylvania was adopted substitut ing the words "United States" for the "national domain" were used in con junction with topographical surveys, and appropriating $200,000 for geolog ical surveys, Leing an increase of $50, 000 'in each case. With these amendments the friends of the geological survey were content to rest, having added $400,000 to the several branches of the survey. In view of the campaign throughout the country against the canteen in soldier's homes, intense interest was shown when that feature of the bill was reached. Mr. Bowersock of Kansas precipitated the debate by of (Special to The Gazette.) t.:eaAic; .ci:lanus, to prevent treat ing in saloons; Morris, relating to the sale of state lands; Thompson of Fergus, repealing certain code pro visions relating to licenses; Griffin, prescribing the hours of labor for prison guards The bill proposes to make eight hours a day s'work for all prison guards. Violations of this act constitutes a misdemeanor punishable : by a fine of not less than $100 or more than $500 or by imprisonment in the county jail for not less than 30 days or more than six month,. Goff, appropriating $250 for repairing the roof of the state arsenal at 5Hul ena; O'Connor, to protect the tra -, inrg public from being compelled to et adulterated foodstuffs served in l otels, restaurants and boarding hr uses. Chief Clerk Nate Godfrey of the house, who is named in the railroad commission bill as one of the commis sioners, today resigned as chief clerk, to take effect next Tuesday, when the railroad bill becomes a law. He will remain until the end of the session in an advisory capacity to the other clerks. The senate was not in session to day. Helena, Mont., Feb. 22.-Although the legislature did not feel like tak ing a rest today on account of Wash ington's birthday, the lawmakers paid a fitting tribute to the memory of the Father of His Country by meet ing in joint session and listening to the reading of the immortal farewell iaddress ,and \appropriate addresses by two members. Representative Weed read the farewell address, which was closely followed by the large audience. Representative Mil ler of 'Park county and Senator Long1 of Flathead county eloquently paid tribute to Washington in addresses; that aroused their hearers to a high pitch of enthusiasm. *The senate cleaned up its business and adjourned until 2 p. m. Monday. The house spent the day in commit tee of the whole, disposing of a large I number of bills and adjourning until 10:30 tomorrow, when the first Sat urday session will be held. The senate laid, upon the table the joint memorial adopted by the house yesterday for a legislative investiga. tion of the telephone controversy. As soon as the memorial was read, White moved that it be laid on the Itable and the motion prevailed with out comment and with only one dis-. senting vote, Martien. A number of senate reports were presented. The judiciary commit tee indefinitely postponed senate bill No. 75, to increase the membership of the state furnishing board and pre scribing rules and regulations for state printing. The committee on corporations other than municipal recommended the indefinite postpone ment of house bill No. 17, amending the constitution so that cities may increase the limit of indebtedness to construct lighting plants, but after discussion the bill went to the gen eral file. fering an amendment providing that no part of the appropriations carried in the bill for soldier's homes should be apportioned to any national home for disabled veterans that maintains a bar or canteen where intoxicating liquors are sold. Mr. Sullivan of Massachusetts of-I fered the amendment to the amend ment: "No part of this appropriation shall be apportioned to any home, any inmate of which is found in attend ance during the next fiscal year on any race track horse meeting, or is discovered in any pool room where gambling is carried on or in any place where intoxicating liquors or to bacco is sold." Mr. Sullivan ironically said that if congress was going to govern the mor als of the old soldiers he thought it' should go the limit and see to it that they were prohibited from going into saloons or attending race meetings. The amendment of Mr. Sullivan was defeated 13 to 66. Mr. Hepburn of Iowa closed the de bate, supporting the amendment. He said more men were slaughtered by rum each year than by wars in any ten years of the world's history. Mr. Hepburn remarked that he could not believe -that the removal of the op portunity for drunkenness would in crease drunkenness. House bill No. 209, paying the milk and meat inspection deficiency was beaten on recommendation of the fi msnce committee. The same commit tee reported adversely on Romney's bill admitting indigent pioneers to the state soldiers' home, but on mo tion of the author, the bill was u, dered printed. The finance commit tee reported favorably on Haviland's bill for the expenditure of $6,000 for a silver service for the cruiser Mon tana. Rae introduced a bill to pro vide a clerk for the state mining in spector's office and the finance and claims committee, a bill arranging for the redemption of bonds of state ed ucational institutions. An Animated Discussion. The failure of the judiciary com mittee to report senate bill No. 95 by Martien, increasing the salary of the state treasurer and prohibiting him from deriving benefit from loaning the state funds aroused an animated debate in which Martien, Long, Ever ett, Edwards and White participated. Martien charged the republicans with going back on their campaign prom ises, and claimed the committee nev er intended to report the bill. White, chairman of the committee, said the bill presented nlany grave questions, and the committee desired more time before reporting. Edwards said there was a similar bill before the house, and the com mittee preferred to have that bill be fore it before reporting. Everett styled the bill unreason able and accused Martien and Long of trying to make political copital out of the discussion. The matter ended in the committee being directed to report the bill 'Tuesday. The houses adopted the senate res olution for a joint committee to in vestigate the penitentiary, and Speak er King appointed 'Tudor, Corby and Swindlehurst on the committee. As Donlan of the senate committee can not get away, President Norris ap pointed Edwards in his stead. The committee will leave for Deer Lodge in the morning. It has the power to su'bpoena witnesses and take testi mony. Nothing sensational is ex pected to develop, the investigation always being made by the legislat ure. In the House. The house devoted its day to work in committee of the whole. For a time Thompson of Fergus was in the chair the members had considerable fun with him, making so much noise that he had to resort to a megaphone to make himself heard. When some one gave him a loaded cigar which went off with a 'bang, pandemonium broke loose. Later Marshall took the chair and a number of bills were considered. House bill No. 139, in creasing the salary of the state vet erinarian to $3,000 was indefinitely postponed, after a lively discussion. The house adjourned at 4:45 with out having reached the last of the bills on the general orders. An effort will be made tomorrow to put a lot of bills through committee of the whole. The amendment of Mr. Bowersock was adopted on a vote: Ayes, 91; hayes, 86. At 11:85 p. m. the reading of the sundry civil bill was completed. Mr. Tawney moved that the committee rise, which prevailed. Mr. Babcock of Wisconsin de manded a separate vote on the can teen question, but was prevailed upon to withdraw his request. The bill was then passed. Wasted Work, or Advice to Dyspeptics. The lean dyspeptic, taking a mouth ful of chop, chewed it interminably. "Forty chews," he paused to say, "for every bite," And his jaws began to grind again. "You make me laugh," his com panion, a physiologist, returned. "Meat requires little if any chewing. You must have wasted a lot of chews in your time." "Go on!" "It's true. Vegetables require chew ing, for they are digested largely by the alkaline mouth juices. But meat is digested by the acid stomach juices, and to chew it more than enough to make it go down easily does harm in stead of good. The mouth alkalies, ad mixing with it, hinder the stomach acid's work. "Chew vegetables indefatigably, my friend, but let your meat slip down un ground." Vignettes. .cmllOcii a. a rule outlive men. Rich Russians are often buried in glass coffins. Not quite one person in a million is killed by lightning. Tennyson made $60,000 a year the last four years of his life. Turkish ladies redden their finger nails and gild their eyebrows. The best winter temperature for a SSYSTEM OF TAXATION French Government Makes Sweep ing Changes in all Lines. WANTS MONEY KEPT HOME )nly Ambassadors and Diplomatic Agents Free from Income Tax. Paris, Feb. 23.-The new system of taxation based on incomes from all sources, which the French government has proposed to parliament, is esti mated to produce $138,800,000 against $138,000,000 under the old system Most of the taxes to be suppressed have been in existence in France for a hundred years under the restoration, the second empire and the second and third republics. These antiquated taxes with the revenue produced un der each head were as follows: Direct taxes on realty, farms, etc., $20,250,000; buildings, $18,250,000; personal property, $20,100,000; win dow and door taxes, $13,250,000; lin ens, $27,600,000; 4 per cent tax on in comes from French securities, $14,250, 000; foreign securities, $1,800,000; stamp and other dues on transfer transactions in French and foreign securities, $21,800,000. Under the proposed income tax sys tem, taxes will be levied as follows: Four per cent upon income from buildings, $9,25,000; lands, $10,000, 000; income from securities, French, $14,250,000; foreign, $9,250,000; rentes, $2,80,000; credits, deposits, guaran. tees for contracts, $600,000; three and a half per cent on the income from commerce and industry, $25,600,000; agricultur, $4,250,000; three per 'cent on wages, salaries and pensions, $2, 600,000; liberal professions, $1,250,000. In addition to the .taxes on incomes from these special categories there is to be a supplementary graduated tax on incomes of over $1,000, commenc ing with one-fifth of 1 per cent ands increasing to 4 per cent on incomes of $20,000 and over. This is estimatedl to produce $24,000,000, while the 5 per cent revenue derived from securities, which is to replace the old stamp and other transfer duty, is estimated to, produce $26,250,000. '!Pte inquisitoral powers for the dis covery of concealed revenues are ex tensive and will greatly complicate the work of the bank and other credit estimats.. The banks must keep records e"f 'll transactions in bonds, stocks and bills of exchange for the inspection of treasury agents and house is said to be ,i8 degr'ees. Mutton and fish in Australia rarely cost more than a cent a pound. The ladies of Algeria tattoo a small blue cross in the middle of the fore head. Switzerland, in proportion to its size, has more hotels than any other coun try. Instantaneous photography shows that a horse at full trot often has all four feet on the ground at once. "honey month," is due to the old An The word honeymoon, originally glo-Saxon custom of drinking honey and water regularly for a month after marriage. TO ENJOIN RAILROADS. Kansas City, Mo., Feb. 23.-The Kansas City board of trade today brought suit in the circuit court to enjoin 15 leading railroads entering Kansas City from practicing alleged discriminations in the delivery of cars which, it is alleged, tends to destroy this city as a grain market. A temporary restraining order was issued against the railroads. It was made returnable Tuesday. STYNER WILL RECOVER. Also Gets Back His Job With the Mexican Central. El Paso, Texas, Feb. 23.-That for-i mer General Manager Styner of the Mexican Central will recover from his mysterious wounds, which so nearly proved fatal, and that he will 'be re instated in his former position, was given out here today by W. T. Bro vence, superintendent of the Chihua hua division. Mr. Brovence was ap pointed the successor of Mr. Styner, but declined the appointment, retain ing the superintendency of the Chi huahua division. The Very Latest. 'The very latest designs In Ladfles' Enraved Calling Cards and Embo sed Note Paper and Envelopes at the Gazette office. must deduct the tax when due from all coupons, stock dividends, etc., ,at taclring certificates showing that the tax has been paid. As much money has already gone abroad for investment in order to es cape the threatened income tax, a considerable amount to the United States, and it is feared that much more will follow, the framers of the law have elaborated a double dragging method for bringing such investors into the government net. In the first place, the holder of foreign securities residing in France who receives or de posits abroad, directly or indirectly, dividends, interest, etc., must, within three months after January 1, of each year, make a declaratin covering the preceding year. Failure to do this or fraudulent declaration subjects the of fender to a fline equal to half the amount not declared, and a tax equal to triple the sunl of which the treas ury has been deprived for each year, anterior to the discovery of the fraud. But realizing the difficulty of secur ing a correct voluntary return, the bill also adopts another method of pre venting clandestine operations. French banks with branches abroad, or for eign banks with branches in France, ,are bound under the penalty of $20 a day for delay after official informa tion, to allow the treasury agents to inspect a complete list brought up to date every six months, of the accounts of their clients, any ommission sub jecting the firms to a fine of $1.00 to f200. Private securities are subjected to slightly heavier burdens than French ventes and French stocks, undoubted ly with The idea of inducing French investors to keep their funds at home. Private foreign stocks and bonds on the French market bear the same bur den as foreign market securities. Cor responding French private securities pay only three or four per cent ac cording to their character. The only persons exempt from the graduated income tax are ambassadors and other diplomatic and consular offi cials. HENRY A. FRITH, Attorney-at-Law Special Attention Given to Administrating of Estates C and Probating of Wills. First National Bank Block. B Billings, Mont. C c$C))C)CC)C C) C)C))C)CC) (First Pub. Feb. 22, 1907.-9weeks-ei) (-357.) Timber Land, Act June 3, 1878. Notice for Publication. United States Commissioner's Office, Musselshell, Montana, Feb. 11, 1907. Notice is hereby given that in com pliance with the provisions of the act of congress of June 3, 1878, entitled "An act for the sale of timber lands in the states of California, Oregon. Nevada and Washington territory," as extended to all the public land states by act of August 4, 1892, Lillian Thompson, of Roundup, county of Yel lowstone, state of Montana, has this day filed in this office his sworn state ment No. 246, for the purchase of the E./2 NW14, E1/ SW'/4 of section No. 28, township No. 7 north, range 26 E., M. M., and will offer proof to show that the land sought is more valuable for its timber or stone than for agri cultural purposes, and to establish his claim to said land before Fred H. Foster, clerk of the district court at Billings, Mopt., on Friday the 10th day of May, 1907. He has as witnesses: Cliff L. Roots of Roundup, Montana; Gus Rehder of Fattig, Montana; Thomas Hurley of Roundup, Montana; Jacob Kellar of Fattig, Montana. Any and all persons claiming ad versely the above described lands are requested to file their claims in this office on or before said 10th day of May, 1907. C. E. McKOIN, Register.