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BUOGET SHOWS INCREASE
English Financial Affairs are in Exceed ingly Good Condition. London, April 18.-No budget state- I went of recent years dhas been await ed with so much interest as that sub- 1 mitted by the chancellor of the ex chequer` today. The budget of last year really was only a legacy from , the previous admindstration. Today's proposal constitutes the first real bud get of a liberal government in 12 years. The financial statement is sued by the treasury in advance of 4 the chancellor's speech that the sur plus for 1906-07 was $Mti,955,000, d which, in accordance to the law, will I be devoted to the reduction of the public debt. Chancellor Asquith estimated the expenditures for 1907-08 at $703,786, 000. 'fThe revenue upon the exist- 1 ing basis of taxation was estimated to ý be $730,830,000. The permanent re duction of the national debt for 1906 07 was announced to be $68,570,000. The duty on tea was unchanged. There will be a differential hereafter in the tax on earned and unearned in comes. Mr. Asquith estimated the loss in the differentiation of the income tax was at 16,250,000. A revision of the death duties so as to offset the loss from the loss from the income tax was suggested. Mr. Asquith. opened his speech with a brief review of the past year, pointing out that with the exception of the stock markets, which suffered from the money stringency trade at home and abroad had become remarkably NOTABLE EVENT AT VATICAN Public Consistory for Investing New Cardinals With Red flat. Rome, April 18.-A public consis tory took place at the Vatican today, with great ceremony. This being the season in which Rome is crowded with tourists, the demand for tickets was extraordinary. At an early hour all the streets leadi ing to St. Peters were black with people, hurrying to get good places at the Vatican and soon the Hall of Beatification and the corridors through which the papal procession passed were crowded with monks, priests, laymen and ladies in black veils, while the tribunes erected for the oc casion contained members of the dip lomatic corps. The procession accom panying the pope was long and inter esting, being composed of many no table personages. The Swiss guard, headed the procession and the Noble guard surrounded the pontiff, who was dressed in white. He was preceded by the cardinals in full red robes and followed by the bishops and archbish. ops. When the pontiff was seated on the GROW SINGLY IN THE FOREST MAMOGANY TREES SPIED OUT BY HUNTERS. VERY RICH INDUSTRY Axmen Follow the Locators and After Them Go the Sawyers and Hewers -Expense of Getting Out Large Trees Is Great. Belize, the capital of the British possessions 0 I Central America, now a city of considerable importance, owes its origin and wealth to mahogany cutting. Since iron and steel have taken the place of wood in the con struction of vessels the mahogany trade has decreased to a notable ex tent, although it is still large and profitable, says the New York Com smercial. The expense and difficulty of get ting out the wood are much greater. iew trees can now be found near a river of sufficient water to float the logs, "Having selected and secured a suitable locality, and arranged with one of the exporting houses of Be lize to advance the means in provi. slams and cash to carry on the work, the mahogany cutter hires his gang for the season. Nearly all the labor contracts are made during the Christmas holidays, as the gangs from the mahogany woods all congregate in Belize at that time. The men arp hired for a year, at wages ranging from $12 to $20 per mopth. They generally receive six mobtiba' wages in advance, one-half of which is paid in goods from the house whith furnishes the capital. Early- in January the works are comaeaped.. Camps for "banks," as they are called, are organized at con e'enient places in the margin of some river, in the district to be worked. Teinpothry houses thatched with palm leaven are erected for the laborers, and a , substantial building for the store and dwelling of the overseer. AN work in mahogany cutting is done by tasks. The beet laborers are mit at daybreak and generally fin bthe6b r task by 11 o'clock. The rest of 4e day can be spent in fishing, h .', callecting India rubber and aggg Ois an working up mahog A np d~ortb, paddles and bowles, "ntr Sti ` sabch they find a ready are abundeant, the of 'two Va¶rietee of `5 - flourishing. The treasury receipts were over $10,000,000 In excess of es timates, while the balances were made up of increased receipts from coal duties, and the mint. The lat ter was due to the increased demand for coinage, owing to the prosper ous state of trade and -the large amount of silver, aggregating $2,500, 000, required for various purposes in connection with the general election. The latter's rem'.rks reminded the house of numerous petitions to annul the elections on account of alleged bribery, and called forth much laugh ter. On the whole, the revenue returns, the chancellor added, had not shown great elaciticity, and In view of the undoubted prosperous state of trade they were distinctly disappointing. Further reduction of the national debt, declared Mr. Asquith, was the para mount duty of the government, but behind all that' was the unconquered territory of social reform. "I am not a socialist," said he, "but there !s nothing that appeals so loudly anti imperibusly as the possibility of so cial reform." The government's ministers, ac cording to the chancellor, regarded the old age pensions as the most ser Ions and urgent of all the demands of social reform. It was their intention to lay a firm foundation for this xe form. The sum of $7,500,000 was set aside in the budget for these pen sions. se throne, the six new cardinals advanc- B ed, one by one, to receive the red hat. 'X Each prelate knelt at the feet of the pope, while the master of ceremonies til held a magnificent red hat over the el cardinal's head and the pope, saying, "accipe celerum rubrum," etc., rose and gave the papal embrace. The in new cardinals then passed from sar- in dima to cardinal to receive the kiss of a brotherhood, while the choir sang to softly. The pope then imparted the apostolic blessing and withdrew, sur rounded by his court guards, to pre side later at a secret consistory, the " new cardinals meanwhile returning R thanks before the altar of the Sistine n chapel. The United States was represented o by Mgr. Robert Zeton of New Jer- an sey, Mgr. O'Gorman, bishop of Sioux 4' Falls and Mgr. Fallery, spiritual di rector of the American college. The students of the American college were also present, as well as the American T students of the College of the Propa ganda. hogs (Warree and peccary), deer and p1 ainutelopes, tapir (mountain cow), mon- C keys, two varieties of wild turceys, armadillos, gibbonets, Indian rabbits, partridges, quail, macaws, parrots, r etc. rE A Hunter Spies Them Out. The rivers abound in excellent fisa A and the supply of terrapin and iguan- ni as is inexhaustible. The regular -a- B tion for a laborer in this country con sists of four pounds of salt pork and w seven quarts of flour per week, which ei is delivered to him every Sunday ti morning. w The abundance of game and wild it fruits enables the mahogany laborers to save a large portion of his ra tions, which he either sells to his em ployer or sends home to his family. A The owner or overseer of mahogany works is a distinguished personage. He lives well, and has many and va ried sources of enjoyment. His rus tic dwelling in the forest is supplied with every comfort and many luxur les. He travels up and down the a river in a bateau made of mahogany P and fitted up regardless of expense. s His crew consists of from 12 to 20 ' skillful rowers, generally Indians, and ' a captain, cook and waiting boy. He camps out sit night on the bank of ii the river where savory dishes are prepared, Which would puzzle the un- e initiated. No menu is considered com- * plete without entrements of monkey and iguana cooked a la criolla, deli cious even to the unitiated. d The mahogany tree hunter is the most important, best paid laborer in the service. Upon his skill and ac tivity largely depends the success of the season. Mahogany trees do not grow in clumps and clusters, but are scatter ed promiscuously througn the forests and hidden in a dense growth of un- o derbrush, vines and creepers. It re quires a skillful and experienced woodsman to find them. 5 No one can make any progress in a tropical forest without the aid of I a machete, or heavy brush knife. He has to cut his way step by step. The mahogany is one of the largest and tallest of trees. The hunter seeks the highest ground, climbs to the top I of the highest tree and surveys the surrounding country. His practiced eyes detect the ma hogany by its peculiar foliage; he - counts the trees within the scope of ) 'his vision, hotes directions and dis tances, 'then descends and outs a nar row trail to each tree, which he care fully blazes and marks. The anmen follow the hunter and after them go the sawyers and hew ers. To fell a large mahogany tree is ohe day's task for two men. On - account of the wide spurs which pro ject from the trunk at its base, .scaf folds have to be erected and the tree i cut off above the spurs, which leaves a stump from 10 to 15 feet high, a waste of the very best wood. y Floated Down in the Flood. While the work of felling and hew haing is in progress other gangs are em f ployed In making roads and bridges over which the logs are to be haul ed to the river. . One wile truck pass, as they call it, is ma"e through the center of the district occupied by the works, and branch reads are opened from the main avenue to each tree. The trucks employed are clumsy and antiquated contrivan),es, which no American would think of using. The wheels are of salid wood, made by sawing off the old of a log and fitting iron boxes in 'the center. No tires or spokes aye needed. New wheels are in constant requisition. Most trucking is done by night by torohlight made of pitch pine. The oxen are fed on the leaves and twigs of the bp-ead ,'nt tree, which gives them mole strength and power of en durance than any other obtainable food. The trucking is done in the dry season and the logs are collected on the bunks of the river and made ready for the floods, which occur on the long1st rivers in June and July, and on I11 in October and November. The lcs are turned adrift loose and caught below near tidewater by booms. Indians and Carlbs follow the logs down the river In jupans to re lease these which are caught by fall en trees] No lit le judgment and experience is required to deternmine at what exact stage of the flood the logs should be let loose. Should the water rise at what they call "top gallant flood," before the logs reach the boom, many of themm would be carried over the banks aid left high and dry in cane brakes and thickets. From the boom the logs are rafted to the embarcadero and "manufac tured" fpr shipping. The manufactur ing process consists in cutting off the log-ends which have been bruised and splintered by rocks in the transit down the river and in relining and rehewing the logs by skillful work men, who give them a smooth ane even surface. The logs are then measured, rolled back inio the water at the mouth of the riv r and made into rafts to be taken to the vessel anchored outside ,the bail. ROUTED BY THE AUTO. Chicago Rector Acknowledges Defeat in Battle With Bubble. Ohicago, April 18.-Disgusted with society I people's abandonment of church-going for the pleasures of auto mobiling, golfing and other kinds of country outings on the Sabbath day, the Re . Thaddeus A. Snively has re signed the rectorship of St. Ohryso tom's Episcopal church, 544 Dearborn avenue. His church is one of the most fashionable in the. city, but it has been only at rare intervals that his pews have contained at any one service more than a few dozen repre sentatiTes of the 300 wealthy persons on the communicant list of 375. These left the problem of filling the Chiurch with visitors and "float ers," while they hied away to spend the day in the country, either on au tomobile trips, playing golf or enjoy ing soxpe of the sports and pastimes in which the "house-party" sets are accustomed, according to Mr. Snively, to drive dull care away on Sunday. Instead of donating to the building fund o' the dhurch, the money requir ed to eomplete the structure, they in vested their superflous money in limousines, tonneaus and . other mag nificent creations of the automobile makers' art. They left a half-finish ed dh'Arch on their pastor's .hands, and, after 10 years of fruitless hoping and waiting, he got tired and quit. RED CROSS DELEGATES. p' K These Will Represent United States 5 at London Convention. O1 Washington, April, 18.-The comr d plete American delegation to the Red a Cross convention, which will open 1 at Loikdon in June, was named today ti as follows: Suneoa General Robert O'Reilly, W representing the army; Medical Di- m rector' John C. Wise, for the navy; Col. William Carey Sanger, for the Amenican Cross board; Ernest Bick- is nell of Ohicago and Miss Mabel T. a Boardinan of Washington. Mr. Bicknell was in charge of relief 9 work at San Francisco following the it earthquake, and will make an exhaus- o0 five r port on the subject of Red 1rose work in connection with the calam ity. n: _______ it NQ RESPECTERS OF CLOTH. 01 C Atte pt to Assassinate Pastor of Pennsylvania Slavonic Church. Ha elton, Pa., April 18.--An attempt was nade early today to kill the ti Rev. Matthew Yankol, pastor of St. h Joseph's Slavonic church in this city, a heavy charge of dynamite being ex ploded under the entrance to the par sonage. A portion of the porch was torn out and the windows ware shat tered' a There have been factional troubles c in the church, whose membership is mad, up of miners. One faction ask ed f r the removal of the pastor, but without success, and recently Father d Yaiº1ol received a letter from the d "black hand," threatening him with deatb unless he left the city. KHAN'S NARROW ESCAPE. a Determined Effort to Assassinate Per- @ slan Official at Baku. Breku, April 18.-Mirza Abbas Khan, B dhie engineer of the Persian ministry of ways and communication, was shot at f9ur times in the street last night. i i Two of the shots took effect IA his abdomen and side. The Ikhan bears a close resembltnce to the ex-grand , vizir, Amin Sultan, whom the shah e summoned from Paris to assist in e combating the revolutionary move 4 meat in Persia, and it is thought the s assassins were revolutionary emissar p les. Three passers-by were wounded e dur ng the fusillade. a- ICE TRUST INDICTED. Le A Columbus, Ohio, April 18.---The s- grand jury which adjourned a day or r- two ago returned secrOt indictments 'against the members of the ice trust in this city, on the ground that they Ad ha4 conspired in restraint of trade. W The men indicted are C. M. Kinnard, 3 W. A. Polley, D. O. Davis, Starling in w ddell, r'. G. Goodale end W. H. o- Philips. It was not known until to f day , when they were arrested, that th y had been indicted. THE KANSAS LAUNCHED. I'hiladelphia, April 18.-The battle W- ship Kansas was placed In commis n- sicn at the League Island navy yard, 88 with appropriate ceremonies today. HAGERMAN HAS RESIGNED. Governor of New Mexico Quits Under Fire-Successor Named. Washington, April 18.-Gov. Hager man of New Mexico, against whom charges, were preferred, has tendered his resignation, and the president to-, day announced the appointment of Capt. George Curry, governor of Ba mar province, P.. I., as governor of New Mexico. Gov. Hagerman was recently at Washington to answer the charges, which related to the transfer of ter ritorial lands to a Pennsylvania de velopment company. While here he had a long ,interview with the presi dent and Secretary Garfield about the charges which, he declared, were the result of political intrigue. Capt. O)fr'ie enlisted in @he rough riders -timi "ulste, N. M. Hhe was a member of Troop H and it was while serving in that 9rganization that the president made his acquaintance. It is understood that the resigna tion was tendered In compliance with an intiration from the president that such action en -the goiaernor'u part would be agreeable to the Admilnietra tion. DECAPITATED BY TRAIN. Fostoria, Ohlo, April 18.-Blocked by the body of James MieClure, the rear trucks of train No. 2, on the Nickel Plate railroad, were derailed at Arcadia last night. McClure, who was a bridge foreman for the Nickel Plate, had attempted to board the train while it was moving, and fell under the wheels. His head was cut off and his body was horribly man gled. GILMANS UNDER ARREST. Dayton, Ohio, April 18.-Mrs. Leah Gilman, her son and two daughters, who are charged with the murder of Dona, the other' daughters waived hearing today and were bound over to the grand jury under bonds aggre gating $7,000. NEGRO LYNCHED. New Orleans, April 19.-A long distance telephone message from Clin ton, La., early this morning said that a Negro, who was accused of attempt ing to assault a woman, has been lynched about eight miles from town. ANTI-CIGARETTE L.EGISLATI ?N. Springfield, Ill, April 18.-The house today passed a bill making it unlawful to sell cigarettes or cigar ette papers in Illinois. EARTHQUAKE AT MANILA. Manila, April 18.- Two severe earth quake shocks were felt here this morning. No damage is reported. Strikes in Europe. Consul Thomas H. Norton, of Chem nitz, reported as follows on the labor disputes of Europe during the closing month of last year and their outcome: The statistics for European labor movements show that during the month of December, 1906, in the three L chief manufacturing countries of Europe-France, Germany and the Jnited Kingdom-80 strikes began. This condition of affairs shows a dis tinct improvement on the number of strikes begun in th'e 'preceeding month of November, viz: 104, and those of De cember, 1905, Viz: $., The number of participants in strikes amounted In De cember, 1906, in France and the United Kingdom to 8,516, compared with 24, 578 in November, 1906, and with '15, 062 in December, 1905. In France the diminution of strikes was more Smarked than elsewhere. In December, 1905, the number of strikes was 11,871; in December, 1906, almost exactly a third of that figure. Most of the e were in textile branches. British miners and textile operatives formed the bulk of the strikers. The nature of the strikers' demands is an eloquent testimony to the gener* ally prosperous condition, of manu factures. Not a single strike was or ganized in protest against a reduction in wages, while 25 strikes were based on a demand for increased pay. The outcome of the strikes was less satis factory than usual to the workers. In nine cases they were fullly successfut; in 12 cases work was resumed with out alteration in 'existing conditions. Compromises 'on both sides brought about settlement in 25 instances. What's in 'a Name? ' "Friend, what's your name?" queried the farmer's wife of the tramp who had asked for a dheal. - "De name I wuz christened, lady, or de name I have now?" "Good lands! Have you more than li one name?" "I have had so many, lady, since me adventuresome career began dat I can't remember dent all: Let's see, now, I wuz christened George Redding ham Smith, an' den dey called me t t 'Georgie.' When I wuz about 10' I got a r de nickname uv 'Smithy.' Den one t 8 day some guy got fresh an' called me ` 'Fatty,' an' it hung , ter me until 1 e could fight a bit. At de age uv 21 I v wuz addressed as 'Mr. Smith' by some, as 'George' by others,, an' as 'Fathead' I by a few choice freaf dat wuz big- 1 r- ger'n me." - "And what are you called now?" asked the curious farmer's wife. f "I'm jest comin' ter dat, lady. When y I reached de tender age uv 31 me' cruel it an' unnatural parents sent me out 1 inter de cold world alone ter earn me own livin', an' dat's how I drifted Inter I . dis bizness. I got so thin at first d workin' at me trade dat me name was h 'Skinney,' but after 'a few years dat n wuz ichanigedlterwear 1llie.' Now a de boys call me 'Camel.'," e "Camel? What do they call you that r- for?" "I guess, lady, dat it's because I kin go so long without water." And then she whistled for the dog, and "Camel" had to get a hump 9U himself.-Judge. r Why Balkins Was Satisfied. "As a general thing, the gentlemen who have boarded with me have been gentlemen," remarked the landlady e. with some severity. "Mr. Secherson d was not." "He seemed to me something of a lobster," agreed the boarder she had penned in the parlor. "I didn't like 5t him." "I certainly consider that his room is preferrable to his company," said the landlady. "I own I thought him a gentleman when he first came. But e- I never had any of my guests com a' plain about their mattresses. You have d, no complaint to make of yours, Mr. Balkins, I trust?" YEGENBRo The Good Enough Sulky Plow $45.00. Its simplicity admits of great strength and ease of operation to man and team. No experts are needed to operate the Good Enough. Moline Two Row Beet Cultivator $22.00. The two row machines a're equipped with combination pole and shafts for use with either one or two horses. The wheels are dust proof and long distance, a riding attachment can be furnished when desired. No. 4-Planet Jr. Seeder $12.00 No. 17-Single Wheel Hoe $6.00 Call at the Sign of the w Hardware Department. Lanterns Grind Stones We have just received a large shipment of lant- All sizes and kinds, cheap wood frames, large dems and can now furnish you with any style you tubular frames and many other patterns. All steel may desire. No. 1lanterns .........$1.00I No. 2 ........ ....... $1.25 frames, ball bearing throughout ............ $6.00 Jst Received You are losing money every day t by not u ing Justone of our U. S. Cream Separators,: A large shipment of irrigating shovels in half Buy one Now, it will soon pay for-itself wit the spring and regular, also all kinds of spades, shoyw cream you are now Losing. U els, forks, hoes and garden rakes. Call on us for anything in this line. We can save you money. Wool Sacks and Wool Twine Tents We can supply your wantts in this line, regard Don't forget us op tents. We have a large stock, less of the quantity. Call in and get our pricer be in all sizes and at prices to suit all. fore buying elsewhere. "Certainly not," replied the boarder. "He said that his mattress was lumpy and hard," said the landlady. "He complained, too, of the towels I furnished." "The towels are all right." "I am glad to hear you say so," said the landlady. I think myself that they are furnished sufficiently often and that the quality is sufficiently good. But Mr. Secherson did not quite as evidently. And he was dissatisfied with his board. Do you consider that the coffee I serve at breakfast is mere ly warm water with a little bit of brown coloring?" "No, indeed," declared the boarder. "Do you think hash 'appears too frequently?" "Not frequently enough," said the boarder. "I'm particularly fond of your hash." "You are very kind," said the land lady. "In that case I must try to have it oftener. And the meat. Is it of poor quality?" "I should say not." "And do the vegetables lack va riety?" "By no means." "Would you call the pastry heavy?" "I'm not much of a hand for pastry as a general thing," said the boarder, "but yours is so good that I have to eat it." The landlady heaved a sigh. "It is a great relief for me to hear you say so, Mr. Balkins," she said. "I don't mind telling you that I have heard that you also complained to the other boarders, not to me: I will say for Mr. Seeherson that he made his com plaints to me and that he paid his board punctually during the short time he was here. I am very glad to know that you are entirely satisfied. If you had not been I might have suggested that if you could manage to settle your arrears I might be able to im prove the service in some respects. In any case- " "I think about next Tuesday I shall' be able to square up with you, Mrs. Graper." "I am'sure I hope so, Mr. Balkins," said the landlady. "Since you are so I pleased with what I am able to do for you, I should be really sorry to see you go."-Chicago News. Genuis of Thrift in Los Angeles. Pilgrims returning from Los Angeles bring stories of exceeding thrift on the part of that notable tourist town. The principal crop of southern Cali fornia, it is well known, is the tourist crop. It blooms and comes to fruitage twice a year and it is cultivated with exceeding zest by the natives, who glean their fields with scrupulous and painstaking care. The central mart is, of course, Los Angeles, and here the art of trimming the tourist has been brought to a high degree of finish. The winter tourist, being more numer ous and, supposedly, more tender of foot, is the object of special considera tion from the Angelenos. The process is complicated and thorough. He is first shaken down vigorously; then he is touched systematically and his leg pertinaciously pulled; at last he is polished off politely and regretfully al lowed to go home-after paying huge excess baggage charges. Recently, however, it came to the notice of. the authorities of Los Angel es that a certain proportion of the tourists were escaping toward the east continually while still in possession of small amounts of money. These re peated violations of the canons of the art of trimming caused the authorities no little perturbation. The reputation of Los Angeles was at stake., It was necessary to retrieve the reputation and the money. The question was raised: Why not tax the tourist?' Of course, he was already taxed in a thousand indirect ways, but there re mained the bold expedient of levying a personal tax on any belongings he might inadvertantly have brought with him. This brilliant idea was carried into effect, Automobiles formed the first object of attack. Imprisoned in the garages by ,'Cing Mud, who rules supreme on nearly all of the streets through winter, they fell an easy prey to the assessor and the collector. These two worthies work in couples, lile the "tall and short man." One assesses and the other collects on the spot. If the own er of the automobile explains that he is only a visitor and pays taxes at home, it avails him not. "Pay or we will, sell the machine at auction," is the succinct answer. So the tourist, yielding to the habit he had formed in that rainy region, pays. After the county authorities have held him up, the city authorities may generally be relied on to repeat the process. It is a neat and effective device. Other personal property :s 'similarly, treated whenever it can be found. The auctioneer follows hard on the heels of the assessor. The thrifty Angel eno is overlooking no bets in these parlous days. The Very Latest. The very latest designs in Ladies' Engraved Calling Cards and Embossed Note Paper and Envelopes at the G(a sette ofice. (First Publication April 19, 1907) Desert Land, Final Proof.--Notice for', Publication. United States Land Office, Billings, Montana, April 15, 1907J-Notice is hereby given that John Hsnry Vestal, of Junction, of Yellowstone county, Montana, has filed notice bf intention to make proof on his desert-land clainI No. 1363; for the unsurveyed tract entered as the S% NE¼, NE4 SE%, section 2, township 3 north, range 31 E., M. P. M., lying north of the Yellowstone river, beftre Register and Receiver at U. S. Land Office, Bill ings, Montans, on Wednejday, the 22 day of May, 1907. He names the following witnesses to 1 prove the complete irrigation and rec lamation of said land: William M. Randal of Junction, Montana; Enoch t Griffin of Junction, Montana; John s Shipp of Junction, Montana; John i Orich of Junction, Montana. lE. E. ES§ELSTYN, a Register.