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The 13il ngs, (iazette.
fý' Aszmtta or sing .Company, Publishers TUEBSDAYS AN'D FRIDAYS Issuer! Semi.Weea.Iy. Subscription Rtates. One year, in aavance ......... ..3.00 8i1 monthe .... .. ............1.60 tiatered at the Billings Postoffice as second Class Matter. Tuesday, April 23, 1907. ENJOYED HIS TRIP. Secretary Taft returns in rare good humor from his jaunt to. the isthmus and the islands of Cuba and Porto Rico. Manifestly the big secretary of war found matters much to his liking. Imbued with the spirit of activity characteristic of his chief, he is enthu siastic in his description of matters on the canal. Work is progressing there in a manner indicative of deter mination to accomplish something, and the mooted question of suitable foun dations for the locks of the canal seems to have been settled satisfacto rily. Over in Porto Rico evidence of pros perity was to be seen on every side and consequently the islanders are happy. For want of something better to ocupy their minds, they are dis cussing politics, the principal ques tions at issue being citizenship and whether the executive council shall be elective or appointive. It is need less at this time to state how Mr. Taft feels in regard to the firts of the two questions. He. expressed himself in the address to the Porto Ricans which was published in the telegraphic col umns of The Gazette the day following its delivery. While in a sentimental way the people of the island may hav3 a grievance, materially, Mr. Taft opines, they have no cause of com plaint. On the whole, he believes, they should be satisfied to remain as they are until some future time, when the' matter of citizenship may be con sidered-on this side as well as on the other. Mr. Tart nas a goon wora tur ov. Magoon and his administration of Cu ban affairs. The Nebraskan seems to have got the hang of things as soon as he landed and since then has kept them in orderly progression. The presence of the American soldiers and their expertness with gun and cannon has caused the restless Cubans to maintain at least an outward sem blance of order, even though, as the secretary says, there is considerable suppressed political feeling and ex citement. The deliberate plan of tak ing a census and holding a preliminary election, to be followed six months later by a general election, in the opin ion of Mr. Taft, will enable the Cu bans to cool off and take a more con servative view of things and possibly place them in a frame of mind con ducive to greater longevity of their next national administration than marked their first experiment in that direction. Probably such a result will follow, for, reading between lines, the Cubans have been given to understand that should Amperican intervention be come. necessary a second time the out comb might be far different than in the ,present instance. .Taking it all around, Mr. Taft seems to have enjoyed every moment he was gone, and undoubtedly returns refreshed and recuperated for the seri ous business requiring his attention in Ohio. WILL NOT OBEY THE LAW. Although the legislature at its last session passed a law regulating the number of hours employes of railroads connected with the running of trains may work, the law is not receiving that respect and dbedience supposed ly due the statutes of a great and powerful state. In fact, one of the companies, the Northern Pacific, has notified the proper authorities that it considers the law unconstitutional, and does not intend to obey it. The reason given by Its legal representa tive is that the law is a burden on interstate commerce and therefore be yond the power and authority of the state. It is furthermore held that in view of the passage of a like law by the general government, which is not to become operative before the ex piration of a year from the date of its enactment, the state is without power to enforce the law passed by the leg islature. Attorney General Galen holds a con trary view and declares the law a good one and also maintains that the state has the, power denied it by the railroad. Briefly summed up, he says the law is not violative of either the Montana or federal constitution or statutes, and that under its police powers the state has ample authority to enact and enforce the law. In order that the courts may pass on the mat ter he is anxious to submit it on an agreed statement of facts. In case this cannot be done, he advises the state. railroad commission to bring a criminal action against the company, employing some specific violation of the l"aw as the basis for such pro ±eodings. It "Is to be sincerely hoped that the ort willU re speedy opportunity to spu on the law. ihether submission be by ani agreed statemant of facts or through the ordinary course of a regular complaint and trial. The law was enacted in response to popular demand, the advocates of the mneas ure .contending that it would prove a remedy for the many accidents con stantly occurring through the incapa city of trainmen who are forced to be on duty for such. unreasonai.l; lengths of time as to render them un fit mentally and physically to per form their work in proper nanner. Taking as true the evidence adiuce.l in a majority of the inquiries conduct ed by the state authorities into acci dents where fatalities have occurred, and it becomes manifest that some such law as the one in dispute is need ed for the protection of the public and the employes of the railroads them selves.. Many instances have been brought to light where engineers and others entrusted with the running of trains were on duty for hours beyond the powers of endurance of the aver age man, with minds dulled by the want of sleep and bodies worn by ceaseless watching and strain. No wonder orders have been misinter preted or forgotten and that acc:dents followed. HOUSE OF GOVERNORS. One of the latest suggestions in the direction of what might properly be called administrative and legislative reform comes from a special writer in the New York Herald, who ser ipusly advises the organization of a house of governors. He says: '"That the governors of the fortq-six. states meet annually for a session of two or three weeks to discuss, consult and confer on vital questions affecting the welfare of the states, the unifying of state laws and the closer unity of states as a nation. The house of gov 'ernors would have no law-making power, nor should - t ever aspire to such power. Its force would be in initiative, in inspiration and influence. The governors would seek to unite on a general vasis of action on greet questions to be submitted to the legis latures of the respective states in the governors' messages. It would seem that an august body of forty-five g ,v ernors, representing their stales, With the law-making power of forty-six legislatures behind them, should in time become an inherent part i. the American idea of self-government anut a powerful factor for good in the na tion." Aside from the novelty the proposi tion contains, it also has some merit. While the functions of a house of gov ernors would be solely advisory, the annual meetings suggested by the New Yorker could but be productive of good. Very likely they would be the first step toward that uniformity of legislation on many subjects the need of which is becoming more ap parent with each succeeding year. The differences of policy and law be tween the states themselves and be tween the states and the general gov ernment could be discussed and un doubtedly many reforms could be made operative which now are no further advanced than the theoretical stage. Certainly no men should be better qualified to discuss these dif ferehces than the governors of the states, and no men should better un derstand the needs required to bring about a readjustment of the things which at present conspire to prevent that perfect harmony and accord necessary for the successful operation of the government in its relation of the states and the nation: BRYAN ON OUR DUAL GO.VERN MENT. The debate going on between Mr. Bryan and Mr. Beveridge is bringing out some good points, though some of them are not very conclusive. Of course Mr. Bryan takes the Jefferson view "The support of the, state govern ments in all their rights, as the most competent administration for our do nlestic concerns, and the surest bul wark against anti-republican tenden cies; -the preservation of the general government in its whole constitutional vigor as the sheet anchor of our peace at home and safety abroad." That as a general proposition is cor rect, and so accepted by the great ma jority of our people. But that rule has not been tested to the limit. Many things have appeared to perplex statesmen since -the government was framed-things never thought of at that time. We may cite one instance. Our sis ter state of Nevada has no militia. There is a labor organization there which has paralyzed at least one flour ishing camp for three months past, and which is a menace to every legit imate enterprise in the state. Sup pose this increases in violence until -the killing of men and the looting of property begins, and the governor of the state refuses to call upon the fed eral government for help, will the de cent citizens of that state have no re dress except to invoke the law of self preservation and kindle a civil war? Mr. Cleveland interposed the federal arm in Chicago in 1895 because it was shown him that the mails were ob structed and federal property endan gered. We cite the above possible case to show that there are liable to come times when the state may be impotent to perform its legitimate functions, and still when nothing can be done to invoke federal help because, of the per versity of state officials. The natural reasoning in such a case would be .that the parent government ought to possess the inherent power to save such a state from the violence or per versity of a controlling power among its own people. We do. not think Mr. Bryan's mind is very clear on that question, because his idea that the state. governments should control all local railways while the general government should control the interstate lines, when the truth is the local and through roads are inex tricably connected. And Mr. Bryan's plan could not help but bring confu sion, if not chaos, in trying to make adjustments. But Mr. Bryan makes one most strong point, which ought to settle the status of treaties between our own and foreign countries. He refers to the California-Japanese episode and shows that the president had no right to butt in and to half threaten invoking federal power to have the treaty be tween the United States and Japan in terpreted his way. Mr. Bryan shows that it was a purely state affair; that California, under the constitution, had charge of her own local affairs, and that no treaty can supercede a state law, for the constitution guarantees the state's sovereignty in that respect, and no officers under that constitution can make laws to supercede that con stitution.-Goodwin's Weekly. JACKSON-ROOSEVELT DISCUSSION If Honore Jackson, chairman of the Cook county Moyer-Haywood confer ence, thought an apology would be forthcoming from President Roosevelt in response to the: criticism of the conference as regards the president's expression of opinion that Moyer, Haywood and Debs are undesirable citizens he was laboring under a mis apprehension as to the character of the man with whom he was dealing. The reply of the president shows that when he used the expression to which exception was taken he did so not, as some may have supposed, on' the spur of the moment and in response to a sudden impulse, but as the result of earnest thought and weighing' of, tliie character of the men of whom he spoke. But he also makes it plain that in speaking of them he indicated no opinion as to the guilt or innocence of the officers of the Western Feder ation of Miners, leaving that question to be decided by the courts. What he had in mind at the time was that the men were undesirable citizens in that he held them to stand for things which he believes not to' be right, the same as he holds Harriman to be the protagonist of policies and ideas which are as wrong in their ' particular sphere and which if permitted to be exercised and carried out to their log ical conclusion would mean great and irreparable harm to the country. It will be noticed that as regards the matter of seeking to influence courts and juries, the president makes a strong point against Mr. Jackson and the men for whom he essays to speak, by calling attention to the methods they have employed in presenting the case of Moyer and Haywood to the public and demanding their acquittal, regardless of their guilt or innocence. What the president means to convey is that although their friends may be lieve the accused men to be innocent, they should, like all good citizens,' be willing to abide by the orderly pro cess, of the laws and the courts and permit a judge and jury to pass on the issues involved. As plain as he can, the president endeavors to show Mr. Jackson that even though Messrs. Moyer and Hay wood were not charged with any crime, he would still class them among those whom he regards as un-; desirable citizens because' he believes they have done much to discredit all legitimate labor movements intended to uplift and improve the condition oi the toilng masses, with whom the president declares himself to be in the deepest and profoundest sympa thy. He says: "In every way I shall-support the law-abiding, upright representatives of labor, aid in no way can I better sup port them than by drawing the sharp est possible line between them on the one hand and on the other hand those preachers of violence who are them selvesthe worst foe of the honest la boring man." But after all has been said and done, the question of the guilt or innocence of the accused men stands no nearer solution than when they were arrest ed. No court or jury will permit itself to be influenced by any opinion Presi dent Roosevelt may hold as to the de sirability or undesirability of Moyer and Haywood as citizens. With this they have nothing to do. They will be simply asked to say whether the men are guilty or not of the crime with which they stand charged. If, in their estimation, the testimony which the state has to offer is sufficient to justify a verdict of guilty they will so find. If, on the other hand, the state fails to make out its case and prove them guilty beyond a reasonable doubt they will be equally prompt to acquit them, unmindful of whether it pleases or displeases certain persons or elements. Neither good nor harm can come from the discussion be tween the president and the friends of the accused men. At best the con troversy is but an expression of opin ion concernig a matter that does not enter into the merits of the case at bar. Justice is justice, whether it be in Idaho or elsewhere, and the Amer ican love of the virtue may be de pended upon to prevail in this case as in all others. JUSTICE BREWER AND THE LAW YER. Justice Brewer of the United States supreme cour4 is not one aof those a lawyers who is. inclined to find fault 1i with the average person because s greater respect is not entertained for b the members of the bar, notwithstand- e ing he says no profession is so often 4 and wrongfully attacked as that of the c law. These attacks he holds are the t result of questionable conduct by law-I yers, and adds: "Is it strange that t there should be so much criticism I of the bar?" 'He goes on to say that it should 1 be borne in mind that the wisdom of the lawmaker can never keep pace with the ingenuity of the trained minds seeking. to evade legal limitar tions, and appeals .for a higher stan dard of ethics, in the profession, to the end that it may not be made the avenue through which the guilty may escape, regardless of the demands of I justice 'and the right. "The old say- 1 ing that holes may be found in every law means simply that an ingenious lawyer' can often find, either in .the 1 statute itself or in the mode of en forcement, some way to escape from its penalties," he says. "It is this which provokes the frequent remarks that the law so seldom reaches the rich, for the rich can pay for the brainiest, and the brainiest can most certainly and quickly discover the means of evasion. As against this I appeal for a higler standard of ethics. I appeal to every lawyer to put his heart along side.'his head, to mix his conscience with his brains. Let him have the courage to say to his client: 'It may be legal, but it is. dishonest, and I will have nothing to do with it.' Is this asking too much of the pro fession ?" Undoubtedly Mr. Justice Brewer is right, and' undoubtedly there are law yers of the kind he would have all be, but they are few and widely scat tered. That sor't of practice does not pay these days, and as a rule men do not take up: a profession for the love of,.it or the pleasure to be found in its' pursuit.:. The attorney who can find the greatest number of holes in the law and who is the most success ful in drawing his clients through them will always have the greatest following. That is why men employ lawyers. EVENTS IN OHIO. Senator Dick. has aligned himself with the Foraker forces and has giv en out a public- statement that when it comes to a fight he will be found opposing the man in the White House in anything the senior Ohio senator may undertake. Dick is in control of the machine in the northern part of the state, 'as .raker, is in control of the end which finds animation in the southern part. -The statement issuing from Akron is intended as a warning to Roosevelt to keep his hands off during the 'campaign in Ohio and per mit the Ohioans to settle -their dis putes in their own way and without outside interference. Following the challenge comes the announcement that Taft is to stray down that way the latter part of the week and make 'three speeches. It is true that the secretary has said that the addresses he is to deliver would not be in any sense political, but the fact that he sees fit to go, may be taken in itself as significant. Very plainly he does not intend to entirely obliterate him self from the field and permit his ehemies to have it to themselves. Taft is undeniably popular in his own state, and his mere presence will undoubtedly have the effect of draw ing his frtinds closer to him and' nak ing it all' the ha"rdl for the other side. Although he is under the dis advantage of having been absent from the country a considerable time and therefore not in a position where he could. keep himself thoroughly inform ed as 'to ilt wk going on, it" is evi dent that he is not alarmed. He de clares he will adhere to his original intention and leave for the Philippines on the date announced. This can mean only one' thing-that le is satisfied with the way matters are going and that he has confidence in his friends to guard his interests while absent. Plainly he is not frightened at the noise made in the other camp, and does not propose to be crowded out of the running. The events of the next few weeks in Ohio should be in teresting. LONG NEGLECTED HEROINES. Next to the men who did the actual fighting, no class of survivors of the civil war is entitled to greater grati tude from the nation than the volun teer female nurses. There are only a few of them left, not to exceed a hun dred, and a mosement is on foot to se cure pensions for them. At the head is Mrs. Clarissa Dye of Philadelphia, who rendered heroic service at Get tysburg and other battlefields. She is compiling the necessary data to pre sent to congress next winter in support of the petition she intends to submit. As she says, in speaking of the sur viving nurses: "Many of these women today are poor and destitute widows and too old to work. They were vol unteers and left their homes during the civil war to nurse the sick and dying soldiers. Their work was one of love and sympathy, and they received no compensation from the govern ment. I plead for the pror, aged wo men who nursed back to life many a sick and wounded hero of the battle field. The government should certain ly make provisions for them, and I believe it will next December, when the bill will be brought up." It is to be hoped that Mrs. Dye will not be disappointed in her labor of to love. The same loving and' gentle' o spirit that prompted her to leave her. ' home in those awful days is still pres- t ent today in her recollection of those 1: who shared the dangers and privations b of war in order that they might serve r their country and humanity. It is hot c to the nation's credit that this -noble c band of women has been neglected so t long. To grant them pensions that I the poor and feeble., among them may c live in comfort during the remaining I days of their lives is the least the c government can now do for them. E TRUTH BEGRUDGINGLY ADMIT TED. Miles City is beginning to manifest some of the spirit . which animates Billings and has made it the metropo lis of eastern Montana. Since it has become a certainty that they are to have a second and competing line of railroad, the Milesians have begun to bestir themselves and reach out for things, no longer satisfied to live on the past glory of their town and to let matters simply drift. At present they are entertaining several propositions, either of which would materially help their city and give it added import ance as a commercial and industrial centre. One of the matters submitted is the establishment or a plant for the manufacture of sand-lime brick, a new building material said to be very economical and more durable than the old style of brick. The promoters ask a considerable financial contribution, the contributors to become sharehold-' ers in the enterprise, if established. Seemingly some of the monied men of the community whom it is sought to interest manifest a disinclination to invest. Speaking of this manifesta tion of- unwillingness to use, their money. in a manner calculated to ben efit the town as well as themselves in the event of success, the Yellowstone Journal, the editor of which has never forgiven Billings because it had the presumption to outstrip its mammy, has the following: "We are prone to cite the reckless ness and spendthrift haste with which t our younger sister up the river, Bill ings by name, has rushed into every game that has opened in her iricinity, and further, into some that she had to bring to her, and it has been our sat isfied belief that her prosperity and f growth have cost her people a pretty penny, but whatever the Cost, she has i much to show for it, and what she has L she will undoubtedly hold, for she is e big enough now to threaten those in r terests that might desire to hurt her. f The moral is that at no stage of the f progressive career of 'Alkali Flat' did I any of her boosters ask where the e money was to come from, and having g no doubts of where it was to be found, g they just went out and found it." if Even though the esteemed Journal r- will persist in its old-time habit of re 5- ferring to the city in a term indica it tive of contempt, it is forgiven. Its e recognition of the truth, begrudgingly it accorded, that Billings has progressed y and that it really amounts to some :e thing more than a mere collection of .e huts and shacks is compensation !s enough, coming from that source. y Now if the Journal will only continue eo to poke its neighbors and friends in If the ribs and occasionally hold up Bill is ingg to them as an object lesson it a- will accomplish much for its town, is even though it may never hope to ov ertake "Alkali Flat" and may have to is be content with being designated as 11 one of the towns situate on the same . line of railroad ' as the city which k- makes eastern Montana prominent and r gives it fame as the home of the bus iest and most enterprising community m in the state. MOVING IN RIGHT DIRECTION. According, to reports from Helena, the state railroad commission is pre paring to speedily take up the busi ness for which it was principally created-the adjustment of rates held to be excessive or discriminatory. The first of these cases which will probably be heard is one involving the Great Northern. Complaint has been made to the commission that be cause of. discrimination in rates cer tain coal mines in the northern part of the state cannot be operated, the complainants alleging that lower rates are granted to other concerns, which enables them to practically monopolize a. field that should be open to all. One of the matters under considera tion by the commission is in direct line with the suggestion of Presdent Roosevelt and in accordance with the provisions of the La Follette bill pend ing in congress-to base rates upon actual valuation of railroad property, in order that fair returns may be had on the investments of the dlgfe;enlt companies. With this end in view, the commission is said to be considering the employment of an expert engin eer to make careful examination of all the railroads in the state aund f!x their values. Possessed of this Knowl edge, the board hopes to be abhle to act intelligently on all complaints of excessive rates, as it will enable it to judge as to what constitutes a reason able rate of interest, without being obliged to accept the figures the com panies may return. Although opposed by some of the roads, this, after all, is the only just and equitable way of fixing rates, as it assures fair play to the companies and the people. every one concedes that the railroads are entitled to a fair rate of interest on their investments, and it is the wish and desire of all that they receive this, but no more. Such an arrangement may 'prove hard on the companies which have watered their stock beyond all reason and are operating on the principle of charging "all the traffic will bear," biut with this the public has nothing to do, as.it is a form of dishonesty that should be punished, and can be pinished In no more effective manner than by compelling the offenders to yield obedience to the laws of business honesty and to conduct their affairs in a legitimate manner. Had a law of the kind offered by Senator La Fol lette been in operation years ago, the complaints of excessive and discrimin atory rates now continually heard would probably have never arisen, as a check on the roads would have ex isted that would have made the wa tering process less popular as a means of squeezing the people and en riching the speculative gentlemen in whose hands the destiny of the rail roads rests. In principle it is only an application of the "square 1l.al." RIGHT THING TO DO. Within a reasonable short time it should be khown whether the so-called sixteen-hour law is constitutional or not. The Northern Pacific, which company flatly refused to comply with the statute, has consented to submit the matter to the courts on an agreed statement of facts, notice to this effect having been served on the state railroad commission by the rail road company's attorney, who, with the attorney ge:eral, will prepare the statement for submission to the dis trict court of Lewis and Clark county.. After a decision has been obtained there the case will be carried to the supreme court for final adJudication. This move is to be commended, as it will speedily settle a question in which more than the railroads, are in terested. The law was enacted in re sponse to popular demand because it was believed that by fixing a limit of time during which trainmen and en gineers may remain on continuous duty the likelihood of accidents would be diminished and greater safety af forded the traveling public. Compli ance with the law would necessita:e the employment of more men, conse quently the railroads declined to obey it, taking refuge behind the plea that it was imposing a burden on inter state commerce and in violation of the state constitution, as well as that of the United States. They furthermore hold that a like law has been passed by congress, which is to become oper ative some time in the future, hence the state has no authority or power to enact legislation in conflict. MARTS OF TRADE New York Money. New York, April 25.-Money on call easy, 1%Y@2 per cent; ruling rate, closing bid and offered at 2 per cent. Time loans easier and dull; 60 days, 3½%;90 days, 4½ per cent; six months 4%3 per cent. Prime mercantile paper, 5% @6 per cent;. sterling exchange easier, with actual business in bankers' bills at $4.86 for demand and at $4.83.35@ 4.83.40 for 60-day bills; posted rates, $4.83½@4.84 and $firstname.lastname@example.org; com mercial bills, $4.83½1. Bar silver, 65%c. Mexican dollars, 50%c. Government bonds, steady; railroad bonds, heavy. New York Bonds. U. S. refunding 2s registered, 101. U. S. refunding 2s, coupon, 104%½. U. S. 3s registered, 103%. U. S. 3s coupon, 103½. U. S. new 4s registered, 129½. U. S. new 4s coupon, 130%. U. S. old 4s registered, 10L1/%. U. S..old 4a coupon, 101%. Chicago Livestock. Chicago, April 25.--Cattle: Receipts, 8,000; weak. Beeves, $email@example.com; cows, $firstname.lastname@example.org; heifers, $email@example.com; calves, $firstname.lastname@example.org; good to prime steers, $5.35@6:55; poor to- medium, *email@example.com; stockers and feeders, $2.90 @5.15. Hogs: Receipts, 25,000; market shade lower. Light and mixed, $6 40 @.6.60; heavy, $firstname.lastname@example.org%; rough, $email@example.com; pigs, $firstname.lastname@example.org; good to choice heavy, *email@example.com%. Sheep: Receipts, 10,000; steady. Na tive and western, $firstname.lastname@example.org; yearl ings, $7.75; lambs, $email@example.com: west ern, $firstname.lastname@example.org. Kansas City Livestock. Kansas City, Mo., April 25.-Cattle: Receipts, 6,000; steady. Native steers, $email@example.com; native cows and heifers $firstname.lastname@example.org; stockers and feeders, $email@example.com;' calves, $firstname.lastname@example.org; west ern fed steers, $email@example.com; western fed cows, $firstname.lastname@example.org. Hogs: Receipts, 12,000; market o cents lower. Heavy, $6.37½~% 6.45; packers, $email@example.com½; light, $6.-5'? 6.50. Sheep: Receipts, 6,000; market steady. Muttons, $firstname.lastname@example.org; lambs. $email@example.com; range wethers, $firstname.lastname@example.org Omaha Livestock. Omaha, Neb., April 25.-Oattle: Re I ceipts, 4,500; market slow to 10 cents lower. Native steers, $4.25@6; cows and heifers, $email@example.com; western steers, $firstname.lastname@example.org; stockers and feed ers, $email@example.com; calves, $3@6; bulls and stags, $firstname.lastname@example.org. Hogs: Receipts, 10,500; market 5 cents lower. Heavy, $email@example.com; mixed, $firstname.lastname@example.org; light, $6 email@example.com; pigs, $firstname.lastname@example.org. Sheep: Receipts. 5,000; steady. f Yearlings, $email@example.com; wet'iers, $6.50 @7.75; westerners, $6.40@7; ewes, $firstname.lastname@example.org; lambs, $email@example.com. St. Louis Wool. St. Louis, April 25.-Wool steady. Medium grades combing and clothing, 22 to 26c; light fine, 20 to 21c; heavy fine, 15 to 17c; tub washed, 29 to 30c. a Chicago Grain and Produce. a Chicago, April 25.-Early reports showed no material change in the weather in Kansas, and the opening of r the wheat market was steady with ,. July a shade lower to a khade higher t at 80%. An advance to 81% follow h ed, at which point a reaction set in on predictions of rain or snow in Kan sas. July dropped to 81%, where it d closed %4 to % under yesterday. Traders who were short of the May delivery were conspicuous in the corn pit. The nearby deliveries, from be ing at a discount yesterday, attained a premium over July of % to 1/4 at the close. The high point for May was 50c. The covering operations' in May was reflected in July contracts, the market for that delivery holding strong throughout the session. July corn opened unchanged to %4c higher at 49% to 49%, touched 49% and closed at the top. Oats were firm. July oats sold be tween 411% 4nd 41%, and closed Wc higher at 41% to 41y. The bulk of business in the provi sions was in changing May contracts for later deliveries. The market closed without material' changes, 'pork at $15.85; July lard was at $8;70 and July ribs at $8.65. AWAITING STORK'S CRY All Madrid Excited In Anticipation of Important Event Expected at the Palace. Madrid, April 25.-Public suspense has reached the highest point, and every unusual noise is mistaken by the excited populace for the booming of a 'royal salute' announcing the birth of an heir to the throne. Crowds fol low the carriage of every minister seen in the vicinity of the palace, sup posing he has been' summoned to see the newly-born child. 'The physicians in attendance upon Queen Victoria report her condition as normal. There was a brilliant con cert at the palace Wednesday night. Queen Victoria was present and re mained up until 11 o'clock. "All the ancient ceremonies held in connection with the birth of a child to the. king and queen have been pre pared for. Many holy relics and sym bols have arrived at the palace, in cluding the girdle of Esa Tortesa, which dates from the Twelfth century, ahd is supposed to be of particular virtue to women about to become mo thers. TO SPREAD THE CULT Mrs. Tingley Makes Statement Con cerning Her Ambition to Dissemin ate Theosophical Knowledge. Los Angeles, Cal., April 25.-Mrs. Catherine Tingley, head of the Polut Loma Theosophical institution and famed as the "Purple Mother of Theo sophy," who is at Los Angeles withl 100 of her pupils from the Raja Yoga shoiool for the presentation !of a Shagespeare drama at a local theater, in an interview discussed the world wide extension of her school. Mrs. Tingley. said: "We are now planning two big schools in Japan; one in Toklo and the other somewhere else in the em ,pire. I have been acquiring consid erable property of late, historic prop erty, on which I plan the erection and maintenance of some great schools. One of them will at San Juan`, Cuba. Already I have schools in Cuba but at San Juan I desire to have a larg er branch of the Point Loma institute. I have bought property also in the King's Forest, near London, whera I will build another Raja Yoga school; also in the Royal Forest, Sweden, where a similar institution will be erected. The theosophical movement has spread into every country of the globe. I have many schools planned besides those I have mentioned." MUST RESUME WORK. Gen. Tsube. Issues. Final Order to Striking Sailors. Baku, Russia,. April 25.-With a. view to putting an end to the strike of the sailors belonging to the naphtha flotilla on the Caspian sea, Gen. Baron Tsube, who has been especially detail ed to deal with the situation, caused to be placarded today a drastic order to the strikers to resume work im mediately. The order states that' hav ing exhausted every peaceful means to arrive, at a settlement and considering that :the results thus far obtained have been at great cost and personal sacrifice on the part of the masters, while further negotiations would be but a waste of time, Gen. Tsube noti fies the captains, mates and engin eers to be on their ships at 5 o'clock the evening of April 30. "Those who fail to obey this or der," says the general, "will be liable to three months' imprisonment and a fine of $1,500 or expulsion to dis tant provinces." BONDS ARE LOCATED. Defaulting Clerk Returns Valuable Pa pers to Authorities. New York, April 25.-The world to morrow will say: It was learned yes terday, that the amount of bonds stol en from the Trust Company of Amer ica by H. O. Douglass, the assistant loan clerk, was in excess of $400,000. All of those bonds are now in posses sion of the trust company or have been located. It was learned that the major part of the stolen bonds were taken fromn the strongbox of the company by Doug lass shortly before he fled on Friday last. His purpose in doing this, it was admitted yesterday, was to com pel the company to overlook his small er thefts, if he should return this block. Strayed. Driving team, one black gelding, one white hind foot; one bay gelding, one front white foot, wire cut on belly. $25 reward for their return to camp. DUNLAY BROS, Lavina, Mont. Calling Cards at The Gazette Office. Notice to Creditors. Estate of Daniel F. Gould, deceased. Notice is hereby given by the un dersigned, administrator with the will annexed of the estate of Daniel F Gould, deceased, to the creditors of and all persons having claims against the said deceased, to exhibit them, with. the necessary vouchers, within four months after the first publica tion of this notice, to the said admin istrator at room 8, Belknap block, Billings, in the County of Yellowstone. State of Montana. Dated April 25, 1907. EZRA E. GOULD, Administrator With the Will Annexed of the Estate of Daniel F. Gould. Deceased.