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The Billings gazette. [volume] (Billings, Mont.) 1896-1919, July 02, 1907, Image 1

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.he Billing sGazett.e.5;
VOL. XXHI BILLINGS, MONTANA, TUESDAY, JULY 2, 1907. • NO 19.
ARE PLED D
TO SO IALISM
Western Federation of Miners to
Nominate Natio al Ticket.
FOR BIG LABOR MOVEMENT
Hold Convention in Ch cago Next Fall--
Elect Officers Tdday.
Denver, July 1.-By a vote of 283 to
.F'i the convention of the W`e:ler1a Fed
eration of Miners today adopted a
new preamble to the constitution and
by-laws of t he federation, which in ef
fect pledges all the members to so
cialism. It is the anticipated inten
tion of the loaders of the federation to
call a conventiton at Chicago for the
organizution of an! ilndult.lri-Lt and ipo
litic tl partly, w ich will llatce a ticket
in nomination ftctor the next national
elhectin. Th, W' ster'n lFecderation of
SMiel-'s a d tihe irer wotirkeOrs'
tnii i tt. it is cictel, , ill form the
i-liicii: of l( IIw Ol'gaLllizlatiotn.
i ; (. to linal a ldopi.in, t1he new
tpreoaie( .rei to te I loca.l union for
a rf'.'i:tdIum Vte, whit h ftollows:
"iis..t-We hold that there is a
class Is 'ngle in stloehy, and that this
strug l;,} : (il:i tui i- by ccconol.lic condi
tions.
"Second--\Ve affirm! the economic
conditions of the produlcer to be that
he is exploited of the wealth he pro
duces, being allowed to retain barely
sufficient for his necessities under the
name of wages.
"Third-We hold that the class
struggle will continue until the pro
ducer is recognized as the sole mas
ter of his product.
"Fohrth-We assert that the work
ing class, and it alone, can and must
achieve its own emancipation.
"Fifth-We hold, finally, that an in
dustrial union and the concerned po
TO RETIRE FROM BUSINESS
Mormon Church Disposes of Rich Coal
Lands in Utah.
SSalt Lake City, July 1.-Confirma
tory to the report given out some
time ago that the Mormon church had
decided to retire from business, is the
announcement made today by the Des- .
ert News' that tue church has sold its
Gras Creek coal mines, near Colville,
for $300,000. 'The purchasers are said
to be Denver and Pennsylvania capi
talists, represented by Col. C. D.
Moore, H. P. Mason and J. R. Let
cher. The purchase includes six miles
of railroad, by which the mines are
connected with the Park City branch
of the Union Pacific.
The Grass Creek mines have fur
AGENTS ARE ARRESTED
French Weavers Alleged to Have Been
Imported in Violation of National
Laws-Reports Denied at American
Mills.
Lille, France, July 1.-The investi
gation made by the courts here into
the clandestine immigration agents,
who have been shipping weavers in
the neighboring towns of Roubaix to
Peterson, N. J., and Lawrence, Mass.,
thus enabling factories of those citieb
to compete with the products of Rou
baix and' other Prench towns produc
ing similar manufactures, 'has reveal
ed an elaborate system of recruiting
of skilled emigrants for American
weavers in, violation of bodh the Ameri
can and French laws.
Proceedings have been commenced
, against six agents at' Roubaix and one
at Tourcoing, who were found by the
ocurts to have received substantial
premiums. The defendants assert they
are not guilty of engaging in any emi
.g-ation scheme in violation of the
"laws, claiming that they have merely
acted as agents for a steamship com
.any, receiving $5 for each lassage
told.
The arrests caused a commotion at
Roubalx and Tourcaing, whenee, it
Ts reported, thousands of workmen
have .oearted for America. Many are
returning penniless, having been ita
able to secure employment,
NO VIOLATION OF LAW..
Boston, July 1.--Inquiry in Law
-pence and Woonsocket fails -to show
litical !action of all wage earners is
theJ only method of attaining this end.
"Sixtlh-Therefore, we, the wage
..isI employed in and around t he
mines, mills and smelters of ihe
world., have associated in ihe West
ern Ftederatiol of Mliners of the1 min
ing' dpartment of the Industrial
V: rrRl rs of the World."
The convention adopted the report
for ctOntinuing the Cripple Creek
strike until the card system is abol
ished.
A lo g discussion ensued as to
w\heithl r clearance cards issued by the
Crippli Creek local to probationary
nembe·rs shall be :' ec:gnized in other
mcails.' The claim was made by dele
gates from Butte and Goldfield that
many p]resent federation members in
Cripple Creek and Telluride, CoIo.,
were former strike breakers.
T'le delegat s voted down the pro
posed amnenmllent to the constitution
admitting cooks, ba ltenders, dishwash
ers and such classes of laborers as are
only indirectly connected with min
ing, into the miniling department of
the Industrial Workers or the World,
of the Western Federation of Miners.
This action was taken after a long
debate by a vote.
An amendment to the constitution
whereby a two-thirds vote, instead of
a three-fourths of the members of a
local union shall be necessary before
a strike,,s decided upon.
The feature of tomorrow's session
I will be the election of officers.
nished coal for the neighboring towns
and for the Morman institutions in
Salt Lake for many years, and but
little has been offered in the open mar
ket. The purchasers expect to spend
a million dollars in developing the
property and extending the sale of
the product. The property comprises
1,000 acres of coal lands, and is 21
miles In an air line from Salt Lake
City.
Other sales made by the Morman
dhurch since the adoption of a non
commercial policy were the Saltair
railroad and bathing pavilion, the
street railway and the electric light
and power plant.
that weavers have been(rbrought from
France in violation of the contract
labor laws.
DENIED AT LAWRENCE.
Lawrence, July 1.-Inquiry at toe
siuk m'ils and among the silk weav
ers here brings the ahswer that no
"oreign silk weavers have come here
recently looking for employment. This
is the statement of the president of
the Phoenix mills, and for several
years of the American Silk associa
tion.
RECEIVED BY QUEEN.
Heads of Delegations at Hague Peace
Conference Are Welcomed.
The Hague, July 1.-Jos. H. Choate
and the other heads of delegations to
the peace conference were received in
audience by Queen Wilhelmina this
morning in the great reception hall at
the royal palace. Prince Henry of the
Netherlands, the prince consort, ac
companied the queen, who was sur
rounded by court dignitaries. Dr. Van
Tets van Gouddrian, the minister of
foreign affairs of the Netherlands, in
troduced the delegates to her majes
ty, who exchanged a few words with
each of them.
In speaking to Mr. Choate, the
queen said President Roosevelt must
be congratulated on his initiative in
having brought about the second
peace conference.
LARGE COLLEGE FUND.
Cedar Rapids, Ia., July 1.--Coe col
lege today completed a fund of $280;
000, including $45,0000 from Carnegie,
for a science' hall and $50,000 from
the general educational board~ for en
dowment.
END OF HAYWOOD TRIAL APPROACHEI
Principal Witnesses Will be Called Towards End of Week.
Defense Has Prepared Draft of Instructions.
Boise, July 1.-Morris Friedman,
the.young Russian stenographer, who
left the employment of the Pinkerton
agency at Denver, to write a book in
which he published certain corre
spondenceý of the agency that passed
through his hands, was again today
the principal figure at the Stuenenberg
murder trial. More than half of the
court's time today was occupied in
reading to the jury copies of the doc
uments which Friedman took from the
Pinkerton records. These were chief
ly the daily reports of secret agents,
operating as spies among the union
and union men at Cripple Creek, Vic
tor, Globeville, Colorado City, Trini
dad and Denver and showed a com
plete surveillance of the Western
Federation of Miners and the United
aine Workers of America during the
labor troubles in Colorado in 1903-4.
Pinkerton men sat in the federa
tion convention at Denver in 1904 and
reported all proceedings.
None of the reports or letters that
were produced by Friedman and
read to the jury by Clarence Darrow,
contained other than general referl
,ence to the collateral issues of the
trial, but they were offered in sub
.lantiation of the counter claim of
the defense that the Pinkerton agency
colnspired for the destruction of the
Western Federation of Miners and the
lives of its l]teaders.
The prlseetution offered no objec
LUMPLAINT NT SUSTA NE
Interstate Commerce Commission Ren
d6rs Decision in Rat~ case,
Washington, July 1.-The interstate ,
commnerce commission today in an
opinion by Commissioner Prouty, an
nounced its decision in the case of,
the China and Japanese Trading corn
pany and others against the Georgia
railroad and other interests forming
through routes to the Pacific coast,
holding that the complaint of discrim
ination against southern cotton mills
in favor of New England mills is not
sustained.
It appears that the carriers' rate on
goods from New England mills
through Pacific coast points to the
orient is $11.25 for 40 cubic feet of
measured space, effective to about 80
cents per 100 pounds. Through routes
RECEIVER FOR BANK
Withdrawal of Deposits and Poor
Business Brings Disaster to an Old
Baltimore Firm-Property Consider
ed Valuable.
Baltimore, July 1.-The banking and
brokerage firm of McKim & Company
was placed in the hands of Chas. M.
Howard as a receiver today. Mr.
Howard said he could not as yet give
any figures as to the liabilities.
The house was founded in 1896. It
is composed at present of Hollins Mc.
Kim, E. 'A. Betsworth and S. S. Ster
rett McKim.
'The assignment of the firm created
considerable sentiment because of its
old good name and character.
Mr. Howard gave bonds for $300,000,
which would seem to indicate that
the liabilities were half that amount.
Withdrawal of deposits and poor busi
ness, coupled with the .desire of Hol
lins McKim, the chief partner, who is
getting along in years, to retire from
active business were given as tne
reason for the action. Receiver How
ard issued a statement, in which he
'said:
"It was deemed wise to wind up the
business. The move was not an an
tagonistic one, but was made by the
firm's attorney and, with the further
consent of Mr. Hollins McKim. It was
his capital that is really involved. in
addition to the depressed conditions
now prevailing In the financial world,
this bank had -a large part of its capi
tal in real estate. This kind of capi
tal is, of course, not readily available.
It is very valuanle and it is hoped that
as soon as it can be marketed the
concern will be speedily liquidated."
AGAIN IN THE TOILS.
McCarthy Arrested for Disturbing
Wife's Peace.
C. J. McCarthy was arrested last
night by Officer Lavelle on a charge
of disturbing the peace, preferred by
his .ilfe and a Mrs. Fuller.
MoCarthy was arrested some time
ago for beating his wife because she
wanted to go to a dance. Later she
brought suit against him for divorce.
Last night he went to the house
where she is living and the disturb
ance which followed led to his ar
rest.
JAPS WILL MOVE.
Honolulu, July 1.-Arrangements
are being made to charter steamships,
I each of which will carry 2,000 Japa
-nese from Honolulu to Vancouver,
B. C.
tion to any feature of Friedman's tes
timony and no opposition to the in
troduction of any one of the docu
ments that the defense obtained
through him, and when Friedman was
turned over for' cross-examination it
endeavored to ascertain if he had any
more reports or letters bearing on the
general issue. It attacked Friedman
on the ground that he had played the
Pinkertons .falsely, had violated his
pledge to them and had stolen the
documents which he secured, but the
witness would not admit that he had
stolen the papers and would not al
low Senator Borah to call him a
"Pinkerton."
He insisted that it was not steal
ing to take information that had been
obtained by fraud and deceit of se
cret service men and declared that
the public service which he performed
in informing the public of the methods
of the agency fully justified anything
that he had done.
He said that had he known this trial
was coming up he would have taken
many more letters and reports. Sen
ator Borah pressed him to tell just
what records there were in the Pink
erton offices at Denver bearing direct
ly on this case, and while the witness
said he could not tell him of any par
t:icutur one, he remembered many
letters written by Detective McPar
lapnd,l'in which all manner of crimes
were laid at the door of the \Vcsltcrn I
F, ale'ration cf Miners.
Another interesting witness was'
on the same articles from southern
mills over the same route are $1.25 t
per 100 pounds.
The commission stated that the
evidence of complainants strongly
tended to show that an illegal agree- f;
ment to advance rates on cotton piece
goods was entered into by the trans
continental lines -and t~hat the ad
vanced rates were put in in conse
quence of that agreement, but it does II
not, because if it were answered in
favor of the complainants the com
mission would still be of the same
opinion that this would afford no
ground for either reducing the rate
from southern mills or raising the rate
from the northern mills. 0
MALOR SIGNS ORDINANCE.
Measure Makes City a Partner in n
Rapid Transit Lines.
Philadelphia, July 1.-Mayor Rey-(
burn signed an ordinance passed by
the council which virtually makes the
city of Philadelphia a partner in the
Phalidalephia Rapid Transit company,
a corporation which controls all the
street car lines in the city. The or
dinance was suggested by the retail
merchants' association, with the ob
ject of increasing the efficiency of
the general street car service. Ac
cording to the ordinance, the street
railway corporation is given limited
franchises for all the lines in the city
for 50 years and during this period
the company shares equally with the
city all profits in excess of 6 per cent
of the capital. At the end of 50 years,
the city reserves the right to pur
chase the property.
ALL ARE VERY HOPEFUL
Telegraph Managers Say That Opera
tors' Strike Is Over--Small Is of
Opinion That It Has Just Begun.
San Francisco, July 1.-"The strike
is over," said Superintendent Storrer t
of the Postal Telegraph company to- i
day. "The strike is over," said Man- t
ager O'Brien of the Western Union, I
in the Ferry building. "The strike
has just begun," said President Small
of the Commercial . Telegraphers'
Union of America.
These three laconic statements ade
qnately describe the attitude of the t
opposing parties and give a hint as t
to their future action. Although the i
officials if both companies here in San
Francisco are but subordinates, and it
is not of their own volition to take
any steps towards a settlement, it is
not thought likely that any such steps
will be taken while the local officials
report that they are handling the
business without unreasonable de
lay.
The operators, on the other hand,
state that they will carry on the fight, i
even though the companies find a
man for every key and they declare
they are prepared to stay out six
months if necessary. Their leaders,
however, sak that they expect to win
in much less time, and President
Small yesterday prophesied that
"lightning would strike soon in an
unexpected place," but did not ex
plain his remarks.
MAKES PURCHASE OF SILVER.
Washington,. July 1.-The treasury
department today purchased 100,000
ounces of silver for delivery at Den
ver, at 67.843 cents per fine ounce.
James L. Wallace, an attorney of
Cripple Creek, who served with the
militia, first as a private and then as
a lieutenant during the strike of
1903-4. He related several instances
as tending to show the misuse of the
power of the militia by the mine own
ers, gave the criminal records of some
of the gunfighters imported by the
mine owners, told of the working of
the card system, recited the circum
stances connected with the looting of
the union stores and a newspaper of
fice and swore that he saw K. T. Ster
ling, chief detective for the mine
owners, fire the first shot in the Vic
tor riot the day the Independence sta
tion was blown up.
M. E. White, an organizer for the
Western Federation of Miners, was
the last witness and brought the trial
participants back to great good humor I
with the drollest kind of a tale of his
arrest by the militia, with all the
pomp and circumstance of war times,
the vermin in *'"-- "bull pen," and his
happy release by a brother Woodman
of the World, who commanded the
militia.
Counsel for the defense said today
that they might succeed in finishing
with all of their witnesses except f
-laywood and MIoyer, by the end of
this week. Their plan is to reserve a
those two principals for the last. The t
lefense has preptred its draft of in- f,
structions, the state is working up its i
rebuttal case. so the end of the trial I
Sapproaches. ]
PLEAD NOT GUILTY. e
Great Northern Company to Be Tried e
for Giving Rebates.
New York, .uly 1.-Counsel for the b
(;reat Northern company today enter- v
di a plea of not guilty in the United s
States court to the indictments for al- t
leged violation of the Elkins anti-re- l
bate act. The federal indictment
charges that the t(reat Northern a
grainted concessions on westbound h
shipments of sugar to the American
Su~ar Refining company. t
Before pleading, the trest Northern
interposed a denurrer to the indict- t
ment upon the ground that the facts
alleged did not constitute an offense
within the purview of the existing sta
tutes, and also questioning the con
stitutionality of the Elkins law. Judge
iTough overruled the ,emurrer.
'he case will come to trial in the
fall.
V.LLLE. IA IS LOCATED.
In Case of Arrest, Will Be Deported
to Mexico.
Washington, July 1.-Antonio Vil
leria, the alleged Mexican revolution
ist, who escaped from the immigration
officials at El Paso, Tex., two or three
months ago, while they were inquiring
into his career, has peen located in
St. Louis. In event of his arrest, he
may De deported to Mexico, since he v
has given the government officials so d
much trouble.
CASE IS MYSTERIOUSt
Wealthy Rancher Disappears and Is C
Believed to Have Met With Foul
Play-Was Prominent in Upholding
Law.
Portland, July 1.-An Oregonian spe
cial from North Yakima, Wash., says
a thorough search made for H. E.
Nicolai, a wealthy rancher of Sunny
side, who disappeared Saturday night,
has not resulted in his discovery and
it is now thought he has been mur
dered and his body thrown into the
Yakima river or the canal. Great ex
citement prevails here and all busi- I
ness was entirely suspended today.
A public meeting was held and the i
sum of $700 was subscribed as a re- t
ward for the discovery of the missing t
man, dead or alive. Following the 4
meeting searching parties were organ- 1
ized and they have been out all day.
Nicolai has received several threat- I
ening letters lately from persons who i
resented his activity as president of
the law and order league against the ]
illicit sale of liquor, and the authori
ties believe that he was attacked and
killed Saturday night.
Many sensational stories are cur
rent. One supported by testimony of
several residents near Yakima river
is that late Saturday night they heard
cries for help and a buggy containng
two men was seen driving towards
the river. The wheels of the buggy
have been traced to the water's edge
and back to the town.
CANADIANS CELEBRATE.
Dominion Day Draws Large Crowds
at Vancouver.
Vancouver, B. C~, duly 1.-'llhou
sands of people attended the Domin- 1
ion day celebration sports today. The
Vancouver Maple Leafs defeated West
minster on the la crosse field in a
notable game of eight goals to four.
This is the first defeat for the West
minster champions in many months.
A program of 'aquatic sports was
carried out at North Vancouver. The
local team lost in both baseball games,
scoring nothing in the morning ana
afternoon games.
QUAKE IN CUBA.
Havana, July 1.-The observatory at
Bellen college reports a severe earth
quake at 7:43 o'clock this morning,
about 931 miles to the south. The os
cillations lasted upwards of an hour.
NEW SYS TEM
Union Pacific to Give Publicity to
All Accidents.
BY ORDER OF BIARRIMAN
Public Invited to Attend the Hearings of
Board of Inquiry.
New York, July 1.-A policy of in
forming the public of the details of all
accidents on all railroads composing
the Harriman system, was put into ef
feet by order of Mr. Harriman, accord
ing to official announcement by the
Union Pacific. It is stated that Mr.
Iarriman has ordered that a full re
port shall be made and promptly giv
en to the press concerning all acci
dents on the Union Pacific and South
ern Pacific systems and on the Ore
gon Short Line.
It is also announced that it has
been decided, as aln experiment, to in
vite outsiders of local reputation and
slanding to be present and to partici
pate in the hearings of the company's
board of inquiry in accidents, making
formal reports either agreeing or dis
agreeing with the findings of the
board.
The statement quotes the reports of
the interstate commerce commission
to the effect that over 70 per cent of
the serious collisions on American
ICE FAMINE THRlEATENS
Many Strikebreakers Injured by Union
Men of Gotham.
New York,* July 1.-Police reserves
were called out to quell several street
disorders when the American Ice com
pany made an effort to break the
strike of the delivery wagon drivers.
The company hired several score of
strike breakers and issued an ultima
tum that if the strikers did not return
to work today the new men would be
put in their places. When two wagons,
driven by strike breakers, drove from
the company's pier early today, a
crowd of men set upon the drivers,
using clubs and bricks. The police
charged the crowd, which finally fell
back. More trouble occurred on C
avenue when a score of men set on a
driver, but were beaten off by the po
lice. One hundred and fifty police re
serves have been detailed to prevent
disorders at the company's pier, where
UGLY FEELING EXISTS.
Sheriff's Posse Sent to Quell Apache
Uprising Returns.
Phoenix, Ariz., July 1.-The sher
in s posse, sent to t'ort McDowell last
night on account of the threatened up
rising of the Apaches, subsequent to
the killing of Austin Navajo, a na
tive, by Agent W. H. Gill, returnee
today. No demonstration was made
by the natives, but ugly feeling still
exists. Agent Gill has been instructed
to bring his family back .to Phoenix, as
his inaiuence is considered broken.
Two or three officials of the Phoenix
Indian school are left there in charge
of affairs.
TO SEND CASE TO COURT
Action to Be Taken by Heney to De
cide Who Is Mayor of San FranciscoI
-Glass Bribery Case Continued.
San Francisco, July 1.-The trial of
Louis Glass, general manager of 'the
!Pacific States 'Telelphone company,
has Doeen postponed for another week
by Judge Lawler at the request of
Assistant District Attorney Heney.
To test 'the validity of the 'tenure of
Acting Mayor James L. Gallagher, the
district attorney is planning a move
that will decide the merits of the posi
tion assumed by Mayor 'Schmitz. By
an arrangement with TreasUrer Ban
tell, an order will be presented to
him, signed by Gallagher. He will re
fuse 'to pay it on the ground that Gal
lagher does not lawfully hold office.
On his refusal, a writ of mandamus
will be 'asked from the superior court
commanding to show cause why it
should not be paid. 'Bantell will re
sist 'the writ, and thereupon the court
will be asked to determine ~definitely
whether Gallagher or Schmitz is the
chief executive of the city.
railways, during the past five years,
were due to negligence of trainmen
and enginemen. On lines protected
by block signals 94 per cent of the
collisions are attributed by the com
mission to negligence of trainmen and
signal operators. The plan to make
public the full details concerning ac
cidents follows a suggestion made by
Julius Kruttschnitt, director of main
tenance and operation of the Harri
man lines, who said:
"Personal responsibility for acci
dents, whether'of officers or laborers,
should be known to the public. We
must bring about closer observance
of the rules and greater respect for
danger signals than we now get from
our employes. This can be done only
by the widest publicity of the details
of accidents."
The Union Pacific also announces
that its steel rails, for delivery next
year, will be made by the open hearth
process, which it is expected will de
cidedly lessen the number of break
ages.
ice is discharged from the boats.
The ice company declares that they
can employ all the men needed. The
company says there is no danger of
an ice famine.
' ne company claims that they have
sent out about 200 ice wagons today
in place of the 400 usually in servie*
in that borough, some of them manned
by old employes and others by strile
breakers.
One of the wagons, on which the
driver was accompanied by a speelal
policeman, was stoned by a crowd of
100 persons. The strike breaker was
hit by one of the stones and the po
liceman attempted to disperse the
crowd but failed, and was compelled
to retract the wagon, which was hur
riedly driven away. The crowd pur
sued it for a mile.
MUCH MONEY ON HAND
Montly Statement Shows Large De
crease in Public Debt-Cash in
Treasury Increased-Millions Held
by Government.
Washington, July 1.-The monthly
statement of the public debt shows
that at the close of the fiscal year,
June 30, 1907, the public debt amount
ed to $878,596,755, which is a decrease
for the month of $16,185,875.
The cash in the treasury was in
creased during the month by nearly
$11,000,000, making the total cash in
the treasury $1,688,027,086. The debt
is recapitulated as follows: -
Interest bearing debt, $894,834,280;
debt on which interest has ceased
since maturity, $1,086,&15! debt bear
ing no interest, $401,257,097; total,
$1,297,188,192.
This amount, however, does not in
clude $1,160,003,869 in certificates and,
treasury notes outstanding, which are
offset by an equal amount of cash on;
hand for their redemption.
The cash in the treasury is classified
as follows:
Gold reserves, $150,000,000; trust,
funds, $1,160,009,896; general fund,. :
$192,593,810; in national bank deposi
tories, $181,700,053; in Philippine
treasury, $3,723,353; total, $1,688,02~7,
086, against which there are demand ofl
liabilities outstanding amounting t
$1,269,445,649, which leaves a. ish
balance on hand of $481,581,43.7;
PLUMBERS ON STRIKE.
St. Louis, July 1.-Four e
Journeymen plumbers went on
lthis morning because the
plumbers refused to .oIede to a
mead fot a i. n.ra.re.se of wag
$5 to $6 pertday. ea ;alrly e
in the city employing ?l
affected

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