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VOL. XXIII BILLINGS, MONTANA,. FRIDAY, JULY 5, 1907. N 2
SIIOULID GIVE ALL FAIR PLAY Vice President Fairbanks Sounds Warning at Fergus Falls. GREETED BY BIG CROWDS Laws Protect Us in the Enjoyment of Our Rightful Opportunities. Fergus Falls, Minn., July 4.-Vice ti President Fairbanks was the Fourth of t( July attraction in this city today. He c drew a crowd such as had never been seen here before. ij After a parade, in which Mr. Fair- I banks participated and during which d he received an ovation, he addressed j the people from a platform erected in a the city park. Mr. Fairbanks said: c "Our fathers lived in a government I of law-law written by repi'esenta- t tives of the people, chosen by the r people themselves, acting in their sov- c ereign capacity. They realized that a this was to be a great country and f they knew that if it were to attain a to the full measure of the best ex- 1 pectations it must be a country where F the law and the law alone should be 1 supreme. They knew full well to be great it must be governed 1Iy just laws, laws which, as good as hu- I man foresight could devise- could di rect the citizens' enjoyment of the right to life, libertyr and the pursuit of happiness. "They knew' as well as we that in the final analysis is the very life of liberty and without law and obedi ence to it there is despotism ahd des potism is tyrannical. "We should inculcate a wholesome respect for law and for established au thority. We should see to it that those who enact the law and those who ad minister it are fair, just and incorrupt ible men-men whom neither wealth nor the blandishments of power nor prejudice can swerve from a high and honorable course. Laws should be the concrete expression of the con science and the intelligent judgment of the people. Their purpose should be as broad and comprehensive as are SQUIRES LASTS ONE ROUND Succumbs to Blow of Canadian---Large Crowd Disappointed' San Francisco, July 4.-Bill Squires, the muchly heralded champion of Aus tralia, succumbed to the blow of a ,Canadian' fist at Colma today, after he had been in the ring two minutes with Tommy Burns. The men who witnessed the brief meeting between the two pugilists were charitable enough not to call him a "dub." They designated his as a "false alarm," who should have pitted himself against a fourth-rate fighter rather than any pugilist with the slightest possession of ring skill. To say that the 9,000 persons who journeyed out to Colma to witness taoe fight were disappointed would ne phrasing it too mildly. It was a hot day and the journey to Colma was a disagreeable one.. Hundreds of per sons came from other states to see the leading fighter of the antipodes battle with the heavyweight champion of the United States and anticipation wasi keyed up to the highest point. From the standpoint of the average specta tor the outcome would have been amusing if less effort had been re quited to reach the arena. The fight was practically ended the moment the gong sounded for the men to advance to the center of the ring. That the defensive skill of the Aus tralian was exceejingly poor was speedily attested, for in 10 seconds he was prone upon the mat. A well directed 'right' from Tommy Burnis fist struck him flush upon the jaw. It the rights of all who owe allegiance to a common flag. The laws should be enacted so as to comprehend the wel fare of the great body of the people. The laws simply protect us in the en joyment of our rightful opportunities. It is left for us to work out our own destiny in the exercise of our own judgment and by the force of our own ability. "We are placed here and must run our race together. We must have a high regard for each other and beware that we do not trample upon the rights of our neighbors. While we care for ourselves we .must also hnave a thought for those about us, and so far as we are able, help others who are worthy and in need, to bear their burdens. We cahnot get on without each other if we would and we would not if we could. A" man who takes no thought of his neighbor is not worthy of thought himself. Our fore fathers believed in fair play among all the people of thiscountry. (We believe no less than they in so urging f~ play to every citizen of this republic no matter where he lives or who he is, no matter how weak or how power ful he may be. Fair play is a part of the birthright of every citizen who owes allegiance to the flag of the re public. We do not claim to possess infallibility either in the enactment or the enforcement of the laws. We have acted thus far with the best light at our command. If experience shall show that we have fallen short of our i purpose, if the laws already enacted r shall prove to be inadequate, we shall I not hesitate to so strengthen them that a they may put at end to those practices i- In trade and conimerce which create t beneficiaries. In all that we do we I should be governed by a spirit of equal e and exact justice among all." did not have force enough behind it to I give Squires his quietus and after tak ing the court of four he arose in a wobbly fashion and rushed at Burns. The two came into -a clinch imme diately, but were quickly separated in the cehter of the ring by Jim Jeff eries, the referee. Burns lost no time in following up the advantage he had gained so early. Out shot the dangerous right again and a second time the champion of Australia was on the canvass, with the undefeated champion of the world standing over him slowly calling off the seconds. But the end was not yet. Squires evidently had some staying powers in the face of the pun ishment administered to him and he rose weakly and slowly, while Jeffer ies held back Burns until his adver sary was in position to defend him self. But Squires had little defense I left. The terrific rights to the jaw I had accomplished their result and the men were barely in position again I when the Canadian resumed his tell ing, effective, aggressive campaign. Burns landed where and when' he a pleased and in a few seconds, under a the rain of blows, the arms of the Australian droped in a helpless fashion Sby his side.° Then the finish to the a fight came. Burns deliberately select a ed his mark, and with all of the power I that was lodged in his shoulders, he' It (Continued on Fourth Page.) OBSERVE DAY AT JAMESTOWN EXPOSITION Lineal Descendants of Signers of the Declaration of Inde pendence Hold First Annual Reunion on Historic Grounds. Norfolk, Va., July 4. -Governor pi Hughes, of New York, and Woodrow Wilson, president of Princetdn Univer sity, were the orators of the day at the joint Independence Da v clebra tion and first annual re-union of the lineal descendants of the signers of so the Declaration of Independence at ei the Jamestown exposition today, the tt descendants re-union being held under do the auspices of the Navy, Herbert is rT the acting president. A military par- pi ade reviewed by Governor Hughes and st others preceded the formal excercises F of the day, which were opened witn o the singing of "America," by a chorus c4 of school children. P. Former Governor Roberts, of Con- d, necticut,. vice president of the Jeffer- p son Memorial asociation, presided and re spoke brieffy, being followed by the it reading by Wm. Shields McKean, of a. New Jersey, founder of the memorial 0 association, of the list of vice presi- 1i dents representing the original states P and named by the respective gov- a ernors of three states. h President Tucker, of the exposition, X delivered an address of welcome. fi The Declaration of Independence f was read by H. N. Randolph, of Atian- v ta, a great-great-great grandson of a SThomas Jefferson. The singing of "Columbia" and other v patriotic airs by the chorus of the i children preceded the address of Gov- 1 ernor Hughes and President Wilson. t "The Star Spangled Banner" ren- f dered by the school children, closed the formal excercises of the day. It is estimated that 40,000 people c were on the grounds during the day. 1 A temporary organization of the i assembled descendants of the signers of the Declaration of Independence I was effected this afternoon and ad- 1 t jourment was taken until tomorrow, when a permanent organization will be effect. President Wilson said in part: "One xreaUly Wresponsib.e jnan. in jail,, r one real originator of the schemes and transactions which are contrary to the HOSPITAL SURGEONS HAVE BUSY DAY Many Killed, Thousands Injured, by Careless Handling of Deadly Giant Firecrackers Throughout the Country. New York, July 4.-Independence day ushered in with much noise, went out tonight in a blaze c-f pyrotechnics, the most imposing that New Yorkers have ever witnessed. A deafening roar maintained throughout the day by the burning of millions of dollars worth of powder, gave way after night fall to the exhibitions of fire works experts, who lighted the skies with ef-. fects of surpassing beauty. Viewed from its brighter side, the holiday was truly glorious. A smil ing sun and moderate temperature brought tens of thousands to the beaches, the public parks and amuse ment resorts, and everywhere there was noise and funmaking. In the background the police and hospital surgeons went 'grimly about their work of removing the dead and ministering to the wounded. Tonight the police are reckoning the cost in casualties of the day's celebratioin. At a late hour the list was not complete, ,but it is known that this Fourth's cele bration had cost seven lives and a half dozen persons were dying, and that hundreds of others were being treated at the hospitals for injuries ranging from slight burns, with the possibility of tetanus developments, to TAMMANY HALL CELEBRATES Message Read From W. J. Bryan--Noted Speakers Present. New York July" 4.-A message from William J. Bryan was one of the features of the celebration of the Fourth by the Tammany society to day. - Mr. Bryan as one of the guests, was invited to help the society to 'celebrate, but was unable to attend and. sent a message from Lincoln in public interests legally lodged in the c penitentiary, would be worth more c than a thousand corporations mulcted in fines, if the reform is to be genuine and permanent." "What this country needs," Mr. Wil son set forth," is not government own ership of the railroads, ect., but laws that will attack and punish the presi dents and general managers of the railroads for violations. Stock mani pulations, he calls "sheer thefts" and E says they should be punished as such. Failure to do so, in his mind, is like 1 overlooking highway robbery. "Every corporation," the educator stated, "is personally directed either by some one dominant person or by some group of persons. Somebody in particular is responsible for ordering or sanction ing every illegal act committed by its agents or officers, but neither our law of personal damage, nor our criminal law has sought to seek the responsible persons out and hold them account able for the acts complained of. We have never attempted such statutes. We indict corporations themselves, find them guilty of illegal practices, fine them and leave the individuals who devise and execute the illegal acts free to discover evasions." Such acts should be passed and would be, if we are to better our industrial conditions, Mr. Wilson be lieves. Unless something of this na ture is done and done quickly, he fears socialism will result. "It is only this way," he said, "that we can escape socialism." Unless we can single out the.individual and make him once more the subject and ob ject of law, we shall have to travel still further 'upon the road of govern ment regulation, which we have al Sready traveled so far, and that road leads to state ownership." 1 President Wilson says that it is just as absurd tUj indict or dissolve cor poration; folffenses against the pub 1, ;, ags 4 be: to arrest and con i fiscate automobiles, because their e owners killed pedestrians. If the in nn num ·,l ·, nn' ',l ·nnlul l bullet wounds and lost limbs. Of the dead three died in premature celebrations. The others were killed during the day. In an ecstasy of patriotism Arthur Carraro rapidly dis charged a revolver in his back yard. One of the bullets entered the head of his aunt, Mrs. Alfonso Fucarino, and she fell dead.' The next bullet, by design or accident, killed the celebra ter. Another person celebrating sent a bullet through the brain of 18-year old Nimpa Grizzanti, as she stood near the open window of her room, dress ing her hair. Henry Englehart, aged 4 years, was killed by a bullet while looking out of the window of his home. Jesse Guzviter, 21 years old, is dy ing from another stray bullet wound. John Graham, age 10, was mortally wounded by a charge from a toy can non. James Benezo, 6 years old, was all but burned alive when a fire cracker ignited his clothing. Arthur Carfoot, 25 years old, is one of a dozen of whose hands were blown off, lost eyes and fingers and scar leaving wounds added to the total of emergency cases. 1 Oratory had its place, the larger he said: "I trust that your celebration will in crease the enthusiasm of the New York Democratic party and direct your attention to the fact that eco nomic questions now before the coun try and the trust question, the tariff question and the railroad question all involve -the same issue, viz: dividual is made responsible, he is convinced the difficulty would be solved. THE DAY ELSEWHERE. President Roosevelt Spends Quiet Day at Oyster Bay. Oyster Bay, July 4.-The celebration of the Fourth made apparently little difference to the transaction of gov ernment business by President Roose velt today. The executive staff went through the usual routine. Tonight the president with his family and rel atives will witness an elaborate display of fire works. REID ENTERTAINS. Only Americans Asked to Call at Re ception. London, July 4.-So many Americans attended American Ambasador White law Reid's Fourth of July reception this afternoon that traffic through sev eral. squares about Dorchester house was blockaded for two hours. Mr. Reid and the ladies of the embassy received the guests, who included most of the American residents and hundreds of visitors. Although admittance was by invitation, and only Americans were asked to call, the crush was as great as at White -ouse reception. PLAY NATIONAL GAME. American Colony at Vienna Pass Pleas ant Day. Vienna, July 4.-The American col only of this city celebrated the Fourth of July by a trip down the Danube to Presburg, the Hungarian town where the Magyar kings used to be crowned. The visitors were received by the Hungarians of Presburg with enthusi e asm. They played a game of baseball and ,then had dinner. 'Among the - participants in the jollification were - Ambassador Francis, Senator Wm. P. - I (Continued on Fourth Page.) meetings including that of Tammany y hall, where Congresman Henry T. Rainey of Illinois was the chief speak- y er, and the gathering in honor of the E memory of Garibaldi, the Italian liber- i ator. THIRTY-SIX KILLED. ' 1,471 Persons Injured in Celebrating 1 Independence Day. 1 Chicago, July 5.-Thirty-six persons were killed and 1,471 injured while celebrating Independence day, accord ing to the Record-Herald, which made a canvass of the accidents in the United States in the past 24 hours. In Chicago six persons were killed by revolvers, which were supposed to be unloaded, and with the deadly giant firecrackers. New York furnish ed seven of the dead, while the re mainder of the list of fatalities are scattered over the country. In the list of injured many were seriously hurt and a number will un doubtedly die of their injuries. The greater number of injuries were caus ed by the canon fire crackers, and this list is made up in a great part of chil dren who did not understand how to handle them. Whether the government shall be ad ministered in the interest of favorities or in behalf of the whole people." "Other questions will enter into the campaign, but these questions empha size to the government the Jeffer sonian doctrine of "Equal rights to all, and special privileges to/none' William. J. Bryan." The lammany exercises consisted of the reading of the Declaration of Independence and speeches by Con gressman Bourke Cockran, of New York; H. T. Rainy, of Illinois; and J. M. Brainson, of Colorado. NOTED WOMAN DEAD. t Montgomery, Ala., July 4.-Mrs. Car rie C. Lomax, one of the imostnoted L. women in Alabama, died last night. a She was the widow of Colonel Ter - rant Lomax, who was killed at the battle of Seven Pines. ORDERS S WPS TO PACIFIC Secretary Metcalf Tells of Plans of Navy Department. TO KEEP FLEET AT HOME Fine Naval Display Promised Residents of Frisco and Oakland. Oakland, July 4.-Secretary of the 0 Navy, Victor H. Metcalf in an inter- n view this morning with the Oakland Tribune, confirmed the report that a h large part of the United States navy 1 will be seen in Pacific waters next t Winter. Eighteen or twenty of the largest battleships will come around C Cape Horn on a pratice cruise and s will be seen in San Francisco harbor. 1 "Many false impfessions have gained e circulation about the proposed move- ( ment of this part of the United States navy," said he. "I have held all along t that there was practically no signifi- t cance to this movement, from a mili tary standpoint. I might have stated t before leaving Washington exactly what I am sa"ing now. I thought as i the news concerned the people of the I Pacific coast today would be an appro priate time to announce the exact i plans. "It is the policy of the navy depart. ment at the present time to keep the fleet in American waters as much as possible. It is also our policy as has been stated, to keep as large number SENTENCED TO DEATH Petroff, Murderer of Premier Petkoff, Must Pay the Penalty-Accomplices Condemned to Life imprisonment Crime Political One. ,Sofia, Bulgaria, July 4.-A court martial ,this morning sentenced Pe troff, the murderer 'of Premier Pet koff, to death. His two accomplices r were condemned respectively to life imprisonment and 15 years' penal ser vitude. The premier was assassinat e ed at Sofia, March 11, while walking - in Boras garden with other ministers. The assassin fired three bullets into the premier's body and he died- in stantly. The murderer was a dis missed employe of the agricultural a bank,' but the crime is known to have been due to a political plot. WANTED SUBPOENAE SERVED Rockefeller Invites Officer to His Home-R Will Attend Hearing. New York, July 4.--ith regard to the service of a subpoenae upon J. D. Rockefeller yesterday, John D. Arch bold, a director of the Standard Oil Company made the following state ment today: "The reports published today of the service of a subpoenae today on Mr. Rockefeller are erronous. The facts are that Mr. Rockefeller telegraphed to Judge Landis notifying him that if in Judge Landis' opinion it was necessary for Rockefeller to go to Chicago, he would be present on Sat urday without the service of a sub poenae. Not hearing from Judge Landis yesterday, Mr. Rockefeller sent word to the United States mar shal, whose district included Pitts field, that if he had a subpoenae to come and serve ,-" WILL APPEAR IN PERSON. Wires Judge Landis That No Sub poenae Is Nece.ssary. Greenbush, Wis., July 4-Judge Kene saw M. Landis of the United States District gourt of Chicago, who Is spending a few days here with his of battleships together as possible. We might as well spend the money that is devoted to our navy in American ports as abroad, as in the past we have sent squiadrons to various Europeans nations with less advantage than keeping them at home. "I have planned this cruise around Cape Horn for the practice of the squadron. How long they will spend in these waters I cannot say at pres ent. I can promise the people of Oakland and San Franscisco that they will see one of tne finest navy spec tacles ever witnessed in Pacific wa ters. "I hope that the talk of Japanese tr ubles and of international differ ences may be-dropped by all of the newspapers of the country.' Tuere is nothing to produce any feeling ex cept this talk of the newspapers., It is without foundation. "The story that Ambassador Aoki is in disfavor with his own government, I believe purely an invention. I know: of no reason at the present time ;whtI~ Japan and .the United States should,: not be on the friendliest oi(term s.", :, METCALF VISITS FRISCO Secretary of. Navy Denies that He is in. the West on, Behalf of the, Japanese Question, but is on Short Vacation. Sani'francisco, July' 4.-Secretary of the Navy,. Victor H. Metcalf and Mrs. Metcalf arrived in Oakland from Wash ington, at 2:30 o'clock this afternon. They went immediately to the home of Mrs. Metcalf's mother. Secretary Metcalf denied that he had come west in connection with : the Japanese question. "I have not come to the coast on 1 official business," said he. "I , have s come home for a short vacation-- just a little rest." friend, Dr. Carey, said today that he had received requests for information relative to the report that John D. Rockefeller had requested permission to make a deposition in Massachusetts, instead of coming to Chicago to give personal evidence in the 'Standard Oil,"i,;?: inquiry, that was under way before Judge Landis. The judge said he nad received no - such request from Mr. Rockefeller. On the contrary, he had sent the : : following message to the United:, States marshals in the district of New . ,i.;: Jersey, New York and Ohio: "I have received word that a sub-:i poenae was served on John D. Rocke feller at Pittsfield, Mass., on the after noon. of July 3. I have also r..ceied the following message from Pittfield, .a dated July 3: "'I understaid that a suoeua has been issued for my. appearanceO a Chicago on Saturday:' so ub.Qp is necessary. I'will be there. . 'JOIN D. "You will thereforse maken I9 effort to serve processes. (Signed).