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The Billing Gazette.
VOL. XXIII BILLINGS, MONTANA, FRIDAY, JULY 12, 1907. NO.22 TO ESTABLISH FEDERAL SCHOOL EDUCArIONAL ASSOCIATION EN DORSES MOVEMENT. EDUCATOIS ARE BUSY Council Elects New Officers-Take Backward Step in Simplified Spell. ing-Will Meet at Cleveland, Ohio, Next Year-Many Able Addresses. Los Angeles, July 11.-The national council and the board of directors of the National Educational association today took action on many important matters bearing upon the work of the association. Among the important things upon which the national council took action was the authorization of the appoint ment of a comnittee of five, with Wm. Tharris of Washington, D. C., as its chairman, to work for an interna tional association of educational work ers to promote education and consider the problems confronting it; the ap propriation of money for the use of committees to investigate the short age of teachers and for the establish ment of a national federal university at Washington, D.. C., and the ascer taining of the best way of "teaching morals in the public schools." The election of new officers of the council, headed by Joseph Swain, president of Swathmore college, Swathmore, Pa., were completed. The board of directors took a back ward step in the simplified spelling reform by voting to resume the spell ing of the words-through, though and thorough-in the standard style. It also re-elected H. D. Brown, presi dent of Valparaiso university, Valpa raiso, Ind., member of the board of trustees and W. Tharris of Washing ton, D. C., a member of the executive committee; created a new depattment for the benefit of the seven leading women's organizations of the country who desired affiliation with the asso ciation; voted for Cleveland, Ohio, as the place for holding the next conven tion in 1908, and took favorable action upon the national university and other projects favored by the national coun cil. At the night session general ad dresses were delivered by the leading educators of the country. The general assembly in the Tem ple auditorium was one "of the most interesting of the week. C. G. Pearse, superintendent of the city schools of Milwaukee, was the principal speaker, selecting as his subject, "Schools for Defectives in Connection With the Public Schools." He was followed by J. W. Olsen, state superintendent of public instruc tion, St. Paul, Minn.,: who spoke upon "The School and the Library." J. W. Olsen of Minnesota, state su perintendent of public instruction, spoke about "The School anld the Li brary' He said in part: To be a true teacher one must be able to see education in its finished entirety-must recognize the value of not only that education which comes from the study of books, but of that which comes from the study of things, from communion with nature, contact with men. Time was when the public school concerned itself chiefly with teaching how to read; today the problem is more one of teaching what to read how to get that out of books which will help the individual to make a liv ing and to live. The work of the school should pro ject itself into that of the library. The need of a fuller understanding be tween teachers and library workers is becoming more and more obvious. Li brarians should understand the school and the needs of the children; a gen eral knowledge of the library and its methods should be one of the re quirements for receiving a teacher's certificate. Every, school should have a library containing some of the best standard authors, besides reference books for the pupils' studies in classroom, labo ratory and worshop. The library should be truly a university of the people and should have the same fos tering care of the state as the public school. * State support and control of the library does not repress local mi tiative and interest. As in its aiding of the public school, the policy of the state with regard to the public library would be to help those communities that help themselves. The free school' book system and the traveling library are powerful allies in the 'library movement. There should be a central authority exercising such control in the purchase dt books as would mean the getting of only the best and the frustrating of the manipulations of mere book agents. All librarians, edu c4tors and philanthropists should co operate. 4 campaigis for the broader `culture ,should be carried on from legislature to, the remotest district. This is a time saving age. How will all the time saved advantage us if we are ig norant of its value and unable to spend it profitably? The school must teach how to save time in getting the gist of the newspaper. Although val uable, newspapers cannot take the place of more purposeful and larger literature. It Is ours by use of pres sent opportunity to open highways to fullness of life in the future. Miss Helen D. Grenfell, high school visitor, state college of agriculture of Denver, Colo., concluded the program with the address upon "The Influence of Women's Organizations Upon Pub lic Education." Address by Mrs. Grenfell. Helen L. Orenfeli, former state superintendent of public Instruction in Colorado and now a visitor of the Colorado State Agricultural college, spoke on "The Influence of Woman's Organization on Education." She said In part: 'The early idea of education did not include women. Popular educa-, tion dawned with Luther and the be ginning of female education with the reading of the bible in the homes. The first girls' high school was opened in Boston in 1826, but closed two years later because too "alarm ingly popular," The reception of the first women's clubs, the "New Eng land' and the 'Sorosis,' in 1868, was equally critical. The foreboding as to results both of education of girls and of organization for women has pi oved groundless. We are outgrow. ing the primitive idea of women's place in the universe and in educa tion. If she cannot evolve the thing she may environ it, and thus save force. Men are doing the material work of the world. Women are freer to devote their energies to education. The states with highest educational facilities are those where women are most active. Illiteracy , is largest where women have least power and grows where they vote. Half a mil lion of America's children are illiter ate and two million are earning their living. (Continued on Eighth Page). TO REORGANIZE THE METHODS PRESIDENT APPROVES PLANS OF SECRETARY TAFT. OF CANAL COMMISSION Three Executive Orders Made Num ber of Changes in Administration of Panama Ditch-Auditors Are to Be Abolished After August 15. Washington, July 11. - Secretary Taft's -plans for tue reorganization of the administrative methods of the Isthmian canal commission as ap proved by President Roosevelt were made public today. They take the form of three executive orders. Briefly, they provide for the transfer to the chief of engineers of the administra tion; the purchase of material for-sup plies; the maintenance of offices with in the United States by the commis sion for the convenient execution of its business; the appointment in the United States of the commission em ployes to be made by the general pur chasing officer under civil. service rules and the abolishment after Aug ust 15 of the provisions for general auditors and local auditors and the appointment for the commission upon the isthmus of an examiner. These duties are specifically indicated, hav ing in view a thorough inspection of accounts of the various offices; the periodical accounting of the cash in the hands of disbursing officers and examination of the books of the com mission kept by the disbursing of ficer. CONSPIRACY CHARGED Former Chief of Police Collins of Chicago Must Stand Trial for Ser ious Offense-Others Indicted. Chicago, July 11.-Judge Kava naugh today sustained the indictments lately returned against former Chief of Police Collins and Frank D. Comer ford, former police attorney, charging them with conspiracy to deprive the city of services of its police. The indictment charging Collins, former Commissioner of Public Works W. L. O'Connell'and former City Pur chasing Agent E. H. Roche, with con spiracy in connection with campaign assessments was quashed. The Indictments against Collins and Comerford grew- out of the late mu nicipal campaign in this city, it be ing claimed that they used police in fluence to aid the candidacy of Mayor Dunne. HAYWOOD TAKES WITNESS STAND DENIES KILLING FORMER GOVER NOR STUENENBERG. TELLS STORY OF. LIFE Invalid sWife Weeps as Prisoner Testi fies-Refutes Testimony of Harry Orchard In Detail Throughout Case -Moyer's Examination Concluded. Boise, July 11.-Wm. D. Haywood took oath today, as a witness in his own defense, in a lengthy narrative of his life and his work as a leader of his fellow miners that was interrupt ed by adjournment. He denied guilt of the murder of Frank Stuenenberg and the manifold crimes charged against him by Harry Orchard. Haywood was pale and trembled with nervousness when he left the table of his counsel and walked around to the elevated witness stand where he faced the judge and jury and raised his right hand to be sworn. When he began to respond to Clar ence Darrow's questions, his voice was low and somewhat uncertain, but within 10 minutes he had regained his composure and for the rest of the af ternoon he was master of his feel ings. As he told of his boyhood days and gave the history of his family, his in valid wife, who sat just to the left of the witness stand, began sobbing softly. His mother-in-law and her nurse soon comforted her, however, and during the rest of the afternoon she and the rest of Haywood's kin folk remained quiet, but deeply con cerned. Haywood's testimony was chiefly characterized by positive denials of the allegations made against him by the prosecution. He denied that he met Orchard until some time after the Vindicator explosion, denied that he sent Orchard back to Cripple Creek to blow up the Independence station, denied participation in the Lyte Greg ory murder, and denied suggesting or discussing the Stuenenberg murder. He swore that he never gave Orchard any money at any time, or any place, or for any purpose. He declared that he never made a threat against Stuen enberg, whom he regarded as he did any state officer who was being swaped by capitalistic influences. He told of a number of occasions when he met Orchard in Denver and in the ordinary course of his relations with the federation said he saw Orchard for the last time in August, 1905, when Orchard told him he was going to Alaska. Haywood said he chided him for deserting his wife at Cripple Creek. The direct examination did not reach the connection of Jack Simpkins and the action of the feder ation after Stuenenberg was mur dered, when adjournment interrupted it. The state completed the cross-ex amination of Charles H. Moyer at noon and in dealing with his testi mony directed its strongest attacks against the circumstances under which the federation, at the suggestion of Jack Simpkins, came to the relief of Orchard when he was arrested for killing Stuenenberg. Senator Borah, who conducted the examination, emphasized the connec tion of Jack Simpkins and the feder ation and the fact that the federation, without inquiry as to the guilt or in nocence of Orchard, gave $1,500 from its treasury to provide for his de fense. He also developed the fact that the federation is providing for the defense of Steve Adams, who Is charged with killing two claim jump ers at the instigation of Jack Simp kins. Moy'er denied knowing any thing about the $100 that Haywood sent to Jack Simpkins a few days be fore Stuenenberg was assassinated, and which is traced to Orchard by an unsigned note he got at. Caldwell, while in jail and a coincidence of dates. DYNAMITE EXPLOSION FATAL. Four Men Killed by Blowing up of Barge. Ketchikan, Alaska, July 11.-Four men were torn to atoms by the blow ing up of the barge Japan, loaded with dynamite, last night. The barge be longed to the Brown-Alaska company of Hadley. !It was in tow of a tug and was being taken to the property of the Brown-Alaska company. DEMOCRATS TO MEET. Lincoln, Neb., July 11.-Chairman T. S. Allen of the democratic state cen tral committee today issued a call for a meeting of the committee July 16, at Lincoln, at which time plans for the state campaign and primaries will be formulated. National politics. may be discussed. FOR DRAWING PLANS OF FORT JAP ARRESTED. AT ,ORT ROSE CRANS BY OFFICER. San Diego, July 11.-A report was in circulation today that a Japanese had been arrested at Fort Roserans, in they act of making dra*t1gs of the fort, and the arrest it is said was made two evenings ago, but where the Japanese now is and who lis Is not publicly known. Officers at ,the fort are reti cent and Major Getchell will give out no information. NOT YET REPORTED. Washington, July 11.-4t was stated at the war department tonight that no report has been> received here re garding the arrest of a Japanese at Fort Rosecrans, near San Diego, while sketching fortifications. DROWNED IN THE KOOTENAI BOAT CAPSIZES AND, TWO LOSE THEIR LIVES. Wardner, B. C., July 11.-An acci dent occurred this afternoon in the Kootenai river when two men were drowned. The river foreman and his gang of six men were working about a mile up the river and were climbing into their boat when it capsized with five men in it, throwing them into the swift current. One of the men, Earl Gibbons, was unable to swim and sank immediately. Another named Higgins swam about 400 yards, his companions shouting to him to swim to the logs, which were passing in large numbers. He appar ently unheeded their cries and sank benumbed, it is supposed, by the cold water. The other three managed to swim to the boom and; were rescued by a party in a canoe. EMPEROR NOT A PRISONER PROTECTORATE UNCHANGED IN KOREA, SALS MARQUIS ITO. Seoul, July 11.-(Via Tokio, July 12.) -The declaration of the Korean del egation at The Hague, as published in the Courier de la Conference, to the effect that the emperor of Korea is a prisoner here and the imputation that the emperor is helplessly in the hands of the Japanese, is denounced by Marquis Ito as a gross misrepre sentation of facts. Marquis Ito regards the personal liberty of the emperor to be unchanged by the protectorate, the emperor be ing free to go and come and to see whom he likes. His manner of life remains unchanged. Foreigners here have until now not regarded the em peror as a prisoner. Marquis Ito's reform of the Korean court, or a six colored court purification, excluded a class of intriguers heretofore guiding the emperor, but does not interfere with the emperor's movements, com munication or access to ministers and others who have legitimate business, and many suspected intriguers are ad mitted to him. NO POISON IS FOUND Coroner's Verdict Is That Mrs. Han cock Died From Natural Causes Body Is Exhumed. London, July 11.-A jury in the Ken sington coroner's court today ren dered a verdict of "death from natu ral causes," in the case of Mrs. Han cock, wife of Walter Swinburne Han cock, formerly an Episcopalian cler gyman of Chicago, who died 2March 23 last, the cause of death being certified as appendicitis. Owing to the suspi cions of the woman's son, who is a lawyer, the body was exhumed, and he testified at the inquest that he thought Hancock poisoned his wife in order to obtain- her property. The analysis of the contents of the stom ach made at the inquest showed no trace of poisoning. Hancock, who was born in England, went to America in the early 80's, and held several pastorgtes, including that of St. John's church, Montreal. He was married to Mrs. Grace Jones, widow of Paul Townsend Jones of New York, in 1897. LARGE BILLS FREELY USED MAJOR BOXTON TESTIFIES IN BRIBERY CASE. HALSEY PAID MONEY Received Sum of $5,000 for His Influ ence in Granting Franchise to Pa cific States Telephone Company Early Adjournment Is Taken. San Francisco, July 11.-Dr. Chas. Boxton, the temporary mayor of San Francisco, on the witness stand in the Glass trial this afternoon, told the story of his debauchment by Theodore V. Halsey, the indicted agent of the Pacific States Telephone & Telegraph company, who, he testified, paid him $5,000, "mostly in $100 bills," for hav ing voted and using his influence as a supervisor against the granting of a rival franchise to the Home Tele phone company. The cross-examination of Mayor Box ton was scarcely under way when Dis trict Attorney Lanfdon interrupted at 4:3 p. m. to ask an adjournment to permit Boxton to attend "a very im portant meeting of the board of super visors," called for 3 o'clock. Judge Lawler consented aftar it appeared that President Scott of the Pacific States company, the next wit ness on the prosecution's list, was not in attendance, though he had been specially summoned. "I wish it distinctly understoad," the judge said, "that any witnesses who are absent when court opens at 11 o'clock tomorrow, will be brought here by process. No witnesses will be excused from attending, no matter who they are or what their business engagements, without the sDecial per mission of the court." The first and only important ques tion asked Dr. Boxton in cross-exam ination, before he was excused brought out the answer that the supervisorlal caucus, at which a majority of the 18 supervisors decided to abandon the Pacific States Telephone company by whom, according to their confes sions to the grand jury, they had been bribed-and vote a franchise to the Home company, was held in the office of Mayor Schmitz on the Sunday even ing preceding February 26, 1906. Box ton's cross-examination by Delmas will be resumed tomorrow morning. RAN RIVERS OF BLAZING OIL. Lightning Strikes Tanks and Property Loss Is Great. Bridgeport, Ill., July 11.-After working all day cramming the streets in which ran rivers of blazing oil, from the exploding tanks of an oil refinery west of the village, the citizens of Bridgeport today managed to save their homes from a fate somewhat 'similar to that of Pompeii. Dykes were made to cut off the flames from the residences and the damage was con fined to the reginery and its vicinity. Tne loss will total $150,000. No lives were lost. The tanks were struck by lightning and ignited. ICE PLANT DESTROYED. Loss Will Cause Great Distress to the Desert Country. Las Vegas, 'Nev., July 11.-The Ar mour Packing company's $125,000 ice 'plant, with 700 tons of lee, was totally destroyed by fire tonight. The plant was one of the largest in the south west and the only icing station on the 'Salt Lake road between California and Salt Lake City. The loss will cause great distress to a large desert territory and may interfere with re frigerator car service over the route. VIGOROUS PROTEST MADE. Washington, July 11-Avigorous pro test was received by the government ment from the Japanese and Korean Expulsion league, the headquarters of which are at Seattle, against what is asserted to be an organized traffic in Japanese women, who, it is alleged, are brought to this country in large numbers for immoral purposes. BAR ASSOCIATION CONVENES. Bowling Green Ky., July 11.-The State. Bar association convened here today with a large attendance of the most prominent lawyers of the state. President Rouse of Covington presid ing. Hon. Judson Harmon of Cincin nati addressed the convention tonight, SECOND ANNUAL POW WOW ON. Pittsburg, July 11.-Today begins the second annual pow wow of the Or der of Kokoal and already there are several hundred delegates and, mem bers present. MINERS SUFFOCATF. Eight Italians Overcome by White Damp. Hazelton, Pa., July 11.-Eight Ital ian mine workers were believed to have been killed by white damp in an abandoned mine stope today. One was afterward gotten out alive. Two of the men were sent into the mine to measure the water. Tben two more went to assist them. It was be lieved that the force was inadequate and the others were ordereI to help them. When the men did not return an investigation was made and the presence of the deadly white damp was discovered. WILL ENTER NEW ORLEANS. Santa Fe System to Open New Route to Coast. New Orleans, La., July 11.-Tle Picayune tomorrow will say: Plans of the, Santa Fe system for entering New Orleans and establishing a new transcontinental route from the Guuf of Mexico to the Pacific ocean were made known today by the visit of the officials of the Santa Fe system to New Orleans. General Superintend ent Maxon, Chief Engineer Felt and General Freight Agent Hershy of the Gulf, Colorado and 'Sant Fe made an inspection preliminary o effecting a traffic arrangement with the Gould lines, whidh will put the Santa ie Texas lines into New Orleans by Sep. tember 15. PICKED MAN'S POCKET. Officer Soy Arrests Culprit on South Side. Billy Owens was arrested last night by Officer Soy for attempting to pick a man's pocket in a south side saloon. The man whose pocket he attempted to go through was a grader from one of the railroad grading camps near the city and was known to have a large amount of money on his per son. Soon after the arrest the man who complained of having the pocket picked could not be found. NO ILL FEELING KNOWN TO EXIST JAPANESE OFFICIALS DECRY ALL WAR TALK. NO ANXIETY IS FELT Ambassador Aoki and Admiral Ya mamoto Blame Yellow Journals and Think That Excitement Will Soon Pass-Visit Navy Yard. New York, July 11.-Two distin guished Japanese took occasion today to say that there was no unfriendly feeling between the Japanese and Americans and to decry the undue im portance attributed by some to trivial incidents. The champions of peace and friend ship between the two countries were Baron Yamamoto, a guest of the city, and Viscount Aoki, the Japanese am bassador, who came from Washington this morning to attend the reception and luncheon given by the Japanese Society of America in honor of Ad miral Yamamoto. In the course of a formal statement Ambassador Aoki said: "There exists between the two gov ernments no difficulty or illfeeling of whatever sort. There is not the slight est cause for anxiety in the American. Japanese relations and if there is any anxiety it is not because of the ac tual existence of any difficulty be tween the two countrfes, but because of the influence of some unwarranted press talk that often tends to drive even the calmest temper of the pub lic into a whirl of tempestuous rage." Speaking at the luncheon at the Hotel Astor, Admiral Yamamoto spoke in a similar strain. Rear Admiral Robley D. Evans, com manding the Atlantic fleet, said that when the newspapers of the country stopped making war between Japan and the United States, the people would come to their senses and a bet ter feeling would exist. During the day the Japanese admiral and his retinue visited the navy yard. They spent some time inspecting the different buildings and Admiral Ev ans' flagship, the Connecticut. GUARDED BY MARINES. Washington, July 11.-A dispatch re ceived at the navy department today. declared that there is no foundation for the report that apprehension ex ists for the safety of the dry dock Dewey, at Olongapo, because of ru mors that an attempt would be made to blow it: up. The dock is guarded by about 700 marines. FIENDS INFLICT FATAL WOUNDS E. H. CADELL, A TELEGRAPHER, AN ASSAULT VICTIW. FOUND DYING IN ROOM Left by Two Strangers to Die in Chin ese Rooming House-Discovered by Police and Taken to Hospital in Unconscious Condition. E. H. Cadell, a telegrapher who has been working at Laurel, was found unconscIous early last, evening in room 4 of the Southern hotel by the police and died at 11:25 last hlght from a broken skull and bruises which it is believed were inflicted by un known assailants. Cadell was found lying fully dressed in the room. His eyes were set and his scalp laid open for several inches, exposing a fracture in the skull. The wound on the head looked as though It had been made with a club or some blunt instrument. He was terribly beaten. His face and body were a mass of bruises. Blood and dirt dried and clotted in the wounds showed' that the crime was committed several hours before the injured man was found and it is believed it was com mitted some time Wednesdtiy hight.. There was not the slightest clue to his assailants. The Chinese pro prietor of the place declared that Ca dell was taken to the lodgmng h.-use early last evening by two men who were strangers to him, and who paid the injured man's room rent and went away. Shortly afterwards the China man telephoned the police that there was a sick man In his house. Oficers Lavelle and Baker and Chief Talgo went to the hotel and hal the injured man removed to the hospital. Dr. Clark attended him ind after an exam ination declared his injuries would be fatal. From letters and a union card, showing membership in the Order of Railway Telegraphers, which were found in his pocket, it was ascertained that the man had recently worked at Laurel. Besides these there was $12 in change found in the man's poci ets. This latter fact leads the police to believe that the motive for the crime was not robbery, unless Caded had a larger sum of money and the $12 was overlooked by the assailants. It is believed he was assaulted and then carried to the hotel and left in the room. Coroner Smith took charge of the body and will hold an inquest to day. He will also make an effort to communicate with relatives. of tae dead man KILLED BY EXPLOSION Rapid Fire Gun Explodes While Sa-. luting Governor Mead of Washington Killing Soldier and Seriously Injur ing Others. Port Townsend, Wash., July 11. One man killed and two seriously burned, is the record of ceremonies marking a reception to Governor Mead and staff, at Fort Worden today. As the visitors approached the dock in the United States engineers' boat, General Wilson, a governor's salute of 17 guns was fired from a rapid fire battery. - One gun became overheated, and as the charge was driven home, it exploded. Private Tobasen, Sixty-sec ond regiment, received the full force of the charge, whicih blew off one arm and badly mashed his head, forcing both eyes out of the sockets. The in jured man died on the way to the hospital. Privates Gilbert and Mc Cracken, also of the Sixty-second reg iment, were seriously burned and Mc Cracken lost one eye. The firing squad wos under the com mand of Lieut. John Olmstead. NEW JOB FOR LEACH. Appointed Director of Mint, Vice Geo. E. .berts, Resigned. Oyster Bay, July 1L-President Roosevelt today appointed Frank A. Leach of Oakland, Cal., director of the mint to succeed George E. Roberts, who resigned to accept the presiden cy of the Commercial National bank of Chicago, made vacant by the death of James H. Eckles. Mr. Leach is at present auperintend. ent of tthe San Francisco mint. He. will assume his new duties at Wash ington late' in the present month. WILL TAKE A REST. New York, July 11.-President Msau uel Amador of Panama, sailed tdasy for a thres-g-aoths' tour of PQqpean5 countries. , >