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TUrSDAYS AND FRIDAYS 8 IbacrIpton Rate.. Onbe e.r. In aa'ance............ wife ao ts......................1.5 Sthiered at the itillings FPostomtee as . . econd Clss. Matter. . Tuesday, February. 25, 1908. `CHOOSING A PROFESSION. Scarcely three months will elapse Sbefore the high schools and colleges of~the country will turn out the annual crop of graduates. Thousands of young m.en and young women will for the fliit time be called upon to look into the' future and choose their life's call ing. Already many parents and younmig, people are perplexed by the problem which they face of choosing a trade or profession. It is a most Im portant and a most serious time in the life of every young man and young womani, :It 'is "a time which calls for alnm and. thoughtful consideration and slow and sure action. In this connection a word regarding the choosing of professions is not amiss. Care should be taken to select some vocation toward which the young man or young woman has a tendency. Their past environment and their nat ural talents should be taken into con sideration, and, in coming to a conclu sion, it should always be borne in mind: that all work is honorable and that each and every man in his call ing is essential to the success of so ciety. 'No work should be shunned because it may have druggery about it or because it may demand' hard labor. Neither should a calling be se lected simply because it does not soil the hands. All work is honorable, and often the man with the cleanest hands possesses the blackest soul. There are too many men today failures in one profession who would have made a success in ahother calling. Too many men have become poor professional men who would have made excellent tradesmen. Time was when the craftsman did not occupy the position, socially of the professional man. But that has changed and as the days pass men are' becoming more and more equal. It has reached a condition where it does 'not make any difference what trade a man may follow, if he is pos sess 'd of aptitude, is honest and will ing ahd determined to succeed he reaps a rich reward. No particular calling is the secret of success. But when a profession or trade is selected, the young man or young woman should be impressed with the fact that Jdst as soon as possible they should get into business for them selves. It is better to .have the profit from your labbr than to -permit some one else to .reap it. While in getting a start.the beginner must serve some one else, he will be wise. whd, In the slian~ of the: day, takes advantage of the first opportunity offered 'to be come "his own boss."' ANNIVERSARY . OF THE .ELKS... The fortieth .anninveary of the' or ganization 6o the 'Behevolent and Pro teltive Order of Eks passed last Suin day, almost unheralded 'by. the. news papers of the'country.. The enormous ieSmbership of the brderr'today, the larke 'amihnt, of good' it accomplishes and. its place, in our social system make. it hard to realize that the or ganization Still lacks 10 years of pass ing. the half century mark of its ex Istence.. Its wonderful growth is a testimonial stronger than any that could be printed to the worth of the order. The loyal Elk is a doer of deeds and not a talker, so that the average out sider knows but little of the history of the organization. According to an exchange it was organized in a small room in an actors' boarding house at 17 Broadway, New York on February 16, 1868, by a party of congenial stage spirits that had been meeting on Bunday afternoons, for want of a more convenient time,.to have a spread and a pleasant social meeting. They were first known as "The Jolly Cooks," prior to that, and organized on the -,lans of the Buffaloes, an Eng lish ac.:rs' society, for benevolent, pro tectlv. .md social purlioses. In choos 'ing, a name they decided to take it from some strictly American animal, going all through the list, until they finally settled on the elk, the found ers being inspired with the poesy sur rounding his nature. In natural his tory there'is no animal more beauti ful. Majestic of mien, swift of foot, timid and shy, an eye as soft as child hood's, the elk is, nevertheless, reso liute in the defense of its rights. The 'Ljrey of many, it brings no grief to ty child of the forest. It is neither pacious nor revengeful. Its home is sylan and its wdYs are ways of pleas e 40 yearsB,.f Its existence has Y demons~t~rated that the found the rder dilsplayed wonderful u-tin e ele|ction of a name. PY LEGiLATION. tP*' cuarency legislation -jr' will be unable to agree iupo the kind of legislation that is needed. The Washington dispatches Indi cate that the senate committee looks with favor upon the Aldrich bill, pro viding an emergency currency, and the prospects of that bill passing the' senate appear very good. The house committee on. currency, it is expected, will, recommend the Fowler bill, intro duced by the chairman of the commit tee, and while there will undoubtedly bl: a strong fight in the lower house of congress, if any bill passes that body it will probably be the Fowler bill. But the two measures are so en tirely different, and just the opposite in so many provisions, that it will be practically impossible for iiAny confer ence committee to secure from them a bill acceptable to both branches of congress. Each house will display its willingness to do something by pass ing its own measure, ibut there the matter will probably end., The resolutions which have been adopted by commercial bodies and banking organizations protesting against both bills forces the conclu sion that the country will not suffer very much if neither bill is passed. Financial legislation is needed, but it is probable that there will not again be a demand for an emergency cur rency until after the next session of congress. As the currency reform question is apt to be one of the lead ing issues of the campaign it is more than probable that the session of con gress following the fall election will better understand the desires of the people regarding currency legislation and, will be better able to enact legis lation that will remedy the defects complained of in our currency sys tem. -------o- BOOSTING BEET CULTURE. The Sheridan Enterprise strongly advocates the culture of beets by the farmers of northern Wyoming for the Billings sugar factory. The following editorial on the subject of sugar beet raising was taken from the last issue of the Sheridan paper: Sheridan has an opportunity of dem onstrating in most practical manner, just what may be done with sugar beets in this immediate neighborhood, and it is to be hoped this opportunity is not allowed to pass. Representa tives of the Billings factory are soon to canvass the vicinity of Sheridan for acreage this season. It is necessary to secure at least 500 acres within five or six miles of Sheridan to insure a dump here, and the Enterprise sin cerely hopes landowners within this radius will subscribe liberally for this purpose. It not only insures good re turns for the lands, but will give us practical .and substantial data as to just what may be done with sugar beets in the immediate neighborhood. To be' sure, our neighbors at Ran chester raised beets last year, and more of them say they are going to greatly increase their acreage this year. They are just beginning to find out the advantages of extensive farm ing, and to understand how to grow these sweet roots. The first year is never profitable, but these peoplegre satisfied, and expect to make a record the coming season. There is no question but what Sher idan will one.day have a sugar fac tory of her own, but conditions pre clude this. for some, time yet.. But it is not too soon for our farmers to be come familiar with beet culture and get the, soil in proper shape for future use. An opportunity to. do this is now, presented, and those who embrace it w'ill be just that far. advanced when our factidry starts. T'he. chamber of commerce will co operate with' the.Billings people in en deavoriiig to secure acreage here: this year, and has heartily endorsed the plan. It is to. be hoped the farmers and ranchmen of this -locality will as sist in securing the necessary acreage. ------ WE WANT THE CONVENTION. Four years ago the republican state convention met in Billings. When it was decided to hold the convention here there was objection from some of the delegates living in the north ern part of the state because of the long railroad journey required. But when the convention was over the delegates admitted that the decision to hold the convention here was a wise one. Most of them became acquainted with a section of the state of which they knew nothing and its develop ment proved a surprise. They also admitted that Billings boosters were the right kind of entertainers and had provided excellent entertainment for the convention. Wit.h the completion of the Milwau kee and Billings & Northern railroads, over which trains will run early in the summer, the long Journey to Billings from the northern part of the state will be eliminated, the new roads fur nishing a short cut. Since the last convention was held here the popula. tion of this section has more than doubled. The development, which was started when the last convention met here, has made wonderful strides. Where four years ago it was necessary to hold the convention in a wool ware house, this year it could be held in the finest theater between Minne apolis and the coast. Where a town of slightly -over 5,000 people entertain ed the convention this year a metro politian city of 13,000 or 14,000 would be the host. So Billings wants the republican state nominating convention to be her guest. Already offers of money have been made to assist in defraying the expenses of the gathering. Local re-I puiblicans have become enthused over the suggestion of The Gazette that we go after the convention and are out after it. If. the state oeltral commit tee decides to have it meet `here, the delegates will be assuried of having the time of their lives; besides making a strong sentiment in favor of the re publican party in Montana among, the thousands of new settlers of the Yel lowstone valley. It would do the dele gates good to see this wonderful de velopment, now going on, and it will assist materially in the conduct of the campaign if they come and' imbibe a little of the push and energy so bountiful in the vicinity of Billings. THE GROCERY TRUST. It has been generally charged in Billings for a long time that a local grocery trust has controlled the prices of edibles, and as a result the cost of living here has been much greater than in some other sections. of the state. Workingmen, especially, have been strong ins their complaints, and the assertion is frequently heard that living in Butte, which is said to be ex cessive, costs less than it does in Bill ings. It has been impossible to com pare the prices asked for groceries here with prices charged in other cities by comparing advertisements in the newspapers, as there has, been a combine among the grocers, so far as advertising goes, it being agreed not to advertise and quote prices. As a result there have been very few ad vertisements of grocers in the local press. So it is logical to assume that if the grocerymen of Billings have been, able to get together on the ad vertising question they have been able to get together oa the subject of prices, and as a result they are to blame for any excessive' price that may be charge for groceries and the subsequent high cost of living here. It is, therefore, a matter of con gratulation that the trust will not con trol Kell Bros:, who recently purchased the Donovan-McCormick store. In the daily papers of Billings hereafter the new firm will advertise the price of its groceries, making specials and reduc ing the price for cash, thus materially reducing the cost of living. There is nothing which hurts a community to such an extent as a trust which keeps up the prices of commodities and thus increases the cost of living to where the working man is forced to see his wages eaten up as rapidly as they are earned. High prices in any community force away the manufacturer and the investor and drive away workingmen. There can be no doubt but what the local gro cery trust has hurt Billings by making the cost of living so high that every body complains of it. It is a matter of congratulation that the first step in breaking, the trust is accomplished, and that hereafter there will -be com petition in the grocery business in Billings. -0---L IT LC,..KS LIKE BRYAN. While some of the democratic state cental committees have endorsed fa vorite sons, every democratic state convention that has elected' delegates to the Denver convention has instruct ed for Bryan. There seems to be a landsade in the democratic party and it looks as though there is nothing to the nomination but the Nebraskan, though a fight can be expected from the conservative quarter. If Mr. Bryan should secure the nom ination the republican party will have to-name itsstrongestcandidate. There can be no sitting down. and .folding of hands 'in anticipation of an easy vic tory. The "'oracle from' the Platte" has attained .a position in American life that.makes -him by far the strong east candidate the dem0ocratic '.arty can name. 9.e' s. by niany odds ia stronger man: than-.in either of his pre vious campaigns. Since he was a can didate this country has witnessed' the spectacle of a man' talking himself into the-good 'graces of the people. It must be admitted that Mr. Bryan is popular. He has an enormous follow ing. He is liked by many men oppos ing his political views 'usere is a feeling that he would have done many of the things the president has "done, though it is aamitted he is not of the caliber of Mr. Roosevelt. ~While The Gazette is not pessimis tic as to republican victory in the com ing campaign, at t-e same time this paper believes.that the fight will be harder than many anticipate if Bryan is the democratic candidate. ------ -o---- CHAMBER OF COMMERCE ELEC TION. The annual meeting of the Billings Chamber of Commerce and the elec tion of officers will take place tonight and it is to be hoped that every mem ber of the organization will attend. The chamber of commerce is an insti tution which every Billings booster should join. It has probably done more of real benefit in the develop ment of this community than any oth er organization. It has been the means of inducing many settlers to come to the Yellowstone valley; it has secured a reduction in freight rates to the northern Wyoming points, thus enabling our wholesale merchants to compete with similar dealers in Omaha; it has advertised the resources of the Yellowstone val ley throughout the country and has in scores of different ways boosted the advantages of Billings. Thous ands of letters of inquiry, relative to Billings, have been answered and thousands of people have been shown the display of Yellowstone valley pro ducts, which has been arranged In the ofices in the Smith block. Secre tary Decker, President O'Donnell.and the oth-- 'flcers of "the association have ma:. an excellent 'record, They have done a good work and are de serving of commendation. But the good the 6hjofe .:of consevaed :o ev ehas accomplis ''e i fijdit ' : h ` s o t of its existence is a ..mere: ~bagatelle cobnipad [iwithj W'#at it c'n accom plish ift given the united support, both morally and financially, of the people of-"illilngs. The offcbrd ~layv demonstrate',what can hbe0ane. It tis now up to the -people of the commun ity to. get,behind them and help- them carry on the work. -Thosa who are not .members .of the orin.,o ton should Join and tboue whq, are nm m bers.should attend the meeting to night and assist in making. plans for the coming year. The alnanclal. de pression is' o er.,lre country is just entering on- another era of-prosperity. Of this, prosperity iBillings is going to have more than her share. There will never be a more opportune time to boost than now, nor a better or ganization to boost through than the chambler of commerce. OUR. PACIFtu FiftE.T. When the Amerioan squadron un der command of Admiral Evans steams ,nto San ranci.r o :bay and is joined by the Pacific fleet, now assem iling there, the spectacle should have the desired°'eit t of showing the world, especially, that portion of it in the far ieat; that the United States is exceedingly powerful on the ocean. The scene in Golden Gate harbor will be one of the most brilliant naval pageants. It should not only serve the purpose of "opening the eyes" of Japan to the strength of this nation, but should also demonstrate that there is no need to Immediately ap propriate large sums for additions to the navy. In Admiral Evans' fleet there are 16 battleships, among the world's ablest fightin-g craft. The other Bleet, which is assembling at San Francisco to meet the Atlantic squadron, is com-. posed of nine great armored cruisers, almost if not quite the equal of those with Admiral Evans. Then there is the torpedo .boat flotilla, which in it self is a very formidable array of fighting craft. The cruiser squadron that is assem bling at San Francisco includes the four armored vessels of the Pennsyl vania class, carrying armor and arma ment almost equal to those of battle ships. The other members of the group are almost equal in fighting strength, the 'squadron surpassing in power the whole American navy en gaged in the war with Spain. When this splendid aggregation of warships is together in one squadron it will represent the present naval strength of the nation, and will be the most formidable fleet of warships ever formed. It will"call attention of the entire world to America and increase the respect which other countries hold for this nation. ---------o------ OUR AMERICAN ANARCHISTS. The murder of Father Leo, an inof fensive Catholic priest in Denver Sun day morning, is an illustration of the manner of crimes which can be looked fos if very soon we do not close the bars against immigration from the over populated regions of Europe. Ev ery month thousands of such foreign anarchists make their way into the United States. About 1,000.000 came last year. 'The spirit of classe hatred was instilled in their minds, long be fore they thought of Coining here. They cannot understand . iur ways or appreciate our freedop: i The aspirit of anarchism 'and .lawlessness; which-was born ' in them, 'because `of their:eni8i ronment in Europe is still thsae afid lsi lawjessness. and crime, is rniupast, whd.ever" they locate, and, occasional ly a `murder, committed 'by some over zealous anarchist; suchi as that Which took place in. Denver,, appal$ us. We complaint of the Chinese, the Japat nese and the Hindus 'and" congress passes l~aws to exclu~ie' them, 'but we overlook a,great evil' when we f'il to stoDp the immigration from the .hot beds of anarchy in Europe. There are thousands of anarchists in America today, but none of the leaders are Americans. There are thousands .of would be socialistic reformers lbut few of them 'are Amer~~uas. This nation needs neither anarchists or socialists and their reforms are to be tabooed. Conditions which call. for such re forms cease when the immigrant passes Sandy Hook. But it will be im possible to impress upon the ignorant immigrant the fact. The sooner we stopD the influx of European immigra tion, the sooner will sueach crimes as that in Denver cease. The yellow press Js printing long "slushy" stories abpuit how Mrs. Wil 1iam Thaw ep going ~p. part her son and wife. 'It-i sY id'tlist the elder Mrs. Thaw has had detectives watch ing the movements of Edvelyn. Another case of too much mothe--in-law. -Mrs. Thaw is making the same mistake many more respectable,women make. The son marries a-girl of doubtful rep utation and the mother thinks she has too be watched. Such women ought to be taught that most girls who are bad are not so from choice and when given the opportunity will be good. But when you put a spotter on a per son, why the spotted reaches the con clusion that she might as well have the game as the name. While the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railroad does not hesitate to send its boosting literature to news papers situated in. towns located away from its line, asking ihat it be printad gratuitously, it is notieed that 'the 'Mi!l waukee Is not doing anything to boost the communities where such' -perer 'eceive their support. at the hands of, court of jealous Ruse saan army oc ~was to be .lxie ed The conviction of Genneral Stoessel lie wak convict64 a long. tim, ago by tl'eaorld i, lal of haIu displayed humanitarian instindts in surrender ing Port Arthuar and saving his men from slaughter .at the hands of :the Japanese. If the railroads are forced to sell their land at $2.50 per acre hundreds of fertile acres, will be ' opeped to set tlement anna thei' population of the northwest will be rapidly increased. Indian land at $4 per acre will not stand much show with "railroad land at $2.50. The president's order to the inter state commerce commission to probe the threatened reduction of wages of railroad employee seems to have elicit ed a general.. denial on the part of the railroad, officials that there. is. going to be a cut. Evidently they could not stand the probe. ---- If the federal officials who .brought about the, deportation of an innocent Chinese woman. in Bozeman would de vote their efforts to deporting some of the Dago :criminals wich Commias sibner Bingham complains of they might earn their. salaries. Leslie M. Shaw is telling the people of the middle west how t ' rin the government's finances. Yet nobody heard of Mr. Shaw being any great "Shakes" when he 'was in charge of the treasury department. Just now the railroad companies are complaining of an over supply of cars, but the reports of increasing business warrant the assumptlon that before long they will be again complaini.g of a lack of cars. 'Tis strange, but true. You can buy coal this' winter cheaper than you could last summer and probably cheaper than you can next summer when the coal operators' press agent gets to work. The record of American gunners OLD SUBSCRIBERS' WEEK ENDS FEBRUARY 28, 1908 Last' Four Days of the Bargain Offer of the Gazette for Back Subscriptions: 11HERE ITIS - The rules of the Oriental Tour Contest provide ... that 40 votes be given for each 81.00 paid on subscriptions in arrears. V From today and elosing on February 28, each old subscriber who pays $7.00 for one year's sub scription to The Billings Daily Gazette, whether he owes or not will receive a Special Coupon for 1000 votes. This is the regular, advance rate, secures a whole year's reading, and will materially aid your favorite in the great contest. The old subscriber is getting the best of it, if he accepts this offer. Still we want him to..be satisfied. He will re ceive only 280 votes for his $7.00 if he delays payment longer than February 28th. Come Early Now*-Any Old Subscriler Giets as Many Votes as Any New Subscriber-One Thousand Votes a Year The illins Gazette Billings, - i ta. !.rcla :·· i', r ..:. .;. . in ý ..t:: `4 .Y' "1 ý- e~f ý :., : 7,.s and the succesi of the ;qruie to the Pacife shoull be ?eftecti answer to those who Critlze. the navy and 'ay it is ineffoilett. It would probably have been a na tkdnal blessing if instead of listening to Washington's farewell address yes terday the United States senate dould have hbard the farewell address o some of its members. --- o-- When we read over and over aga.h the" story of the hatchet, we wonder it, *50 years from no*, they will tell some,. equally fascinatink tailes , about the. ,big. stick. -o--- At the present rate of endorsements there will hardly be any also ran class in the race for the presldential niom ination in either party. ------- As. -a prizefighter. Young Ketchell seems to be more successful than the last famous pugilist -to come out of Butte--the lamented Jack Munroe. -~------o--- Mr. Hearst has emerged from his alleged retirement to form. a new po litical party. Mr. Hearst it appears is a very hard loser. - 0---o - South Carolina is certainly to be pitied. Since the death of Senator Latimer she is represented in the seh ate only by Tillman. The bears in Wall street will probe ably heave a sigh of relief if the presi dent accepts an invitation to hunt bears in Canada. L The echo of those shots at Magde lena bay, when the American sailors hit the bullseye every time, must have startled Japan. -----o----- An eastern exchange says "the en tire west is covered with a sheet of the spotless." We thought it was the east. - - o--- The Illinois Central fight looks very much as though it had reached the stage where the Fish is caught. The peace talk of Amba-- ador Ta The peace talk of Ambassador Tak whira muist be rather discouraging for Congress i n o on .TATE ,PRESS COMM ENT. .Get your money down on the Mon- tana red apple. 'It is coming to the front fast.-Whitefish Pilot. Any one who is' getting this news paper and is sead, will confer a..great. favor by lettag us know.-Conrad Obserter. Former Secretary of the 'Treasury Shaw is running about the country like a politician out of a job, but anx ious to get one.--Helena Record. One thing is certain with regard to electing United States senators by the people. The public would then knowi whom to blame when the wrong man was elected.-Anaconda Standard. Secretary Taft carried Ohio just as easily as if the Butte Miner and the Anaconda Standard had. ben printed in that state and ,given him their pop ular brand of opposition.-Forsyth Times. Owing perhaps to the press of other news matter, the yellow journals of New York have allowed the el.re week to pass without discovering an other father of John D. Rockefeller how careless!-Great Falls. Leader,. .Missoula fears no blizzard; storms strike no terror to her soul; she's. a mighty lucky city, she has bargain sales in coal. .Let every jealous rlv8' crawl deep down in its hole. ,for Miu soula bears the banner, with bargaiis sales in coal.--Missoulian. STATE PRESS COMMENT. Senator Foraker acts like a man who had made a misstep on the spring board.-Yellow,tone Monitor. Not only December, but February, seems to be as pleasant as May-in Montana.-Fergus County Argus.