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_The Billings Gazette. VOL.XXI BILLINGS, MONTANA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1909. NO. 171 GOVERNMENT NOT DESIROUS OF ACQUIRING NORTH POLE Will Assert no Rights to Lands Found by Dr. Cook. CLAIM NOT USUAL American Explorers Since Since 1828 Have Discovered Vast Tracts of Land in Arctic and Antarctic, But United States Has Never Asserted Any Rights to Them. ASHINGTON, Sept. 2.-State de partment officials believe it is of little consequence to the United States what lands Dr. Cook has discov ered on his way to the north pole so far as actual territorial possession is con cerned. It is recalled by the depart ment officials that ever since 1828, American explorers in both the Arctic and Antarctic have discovered vast areas of lands to which no claims were ever made. Admiral Wilkes found in the Antarctic a territory of more than 100,000 square miles in area, and Dr. Kane made large discov eries in the Arctic, but no attempt has been made by the United States to as sert its rights to them. General Greeley some years ago Ic cated lands which never before were known. Many of the world's greatest navi gators have from time to time made their discoveries to which no claim was ever made. The statement is ad vanced, however, that most of this land is inaccessible. The p:-rticular territory which Dr. Cook is said to have discovered, it was asserted quite probably would be found to be an extension of the main land of Greenland and if so, would belong to Denmark. At any rate, it is extremely improbable, it is said, that the United States would attempt to assert sovereignty over them. EARL GREY AT FAIR. SEATTLE, Wash., Sept. 2.-Earl Grey, governor general of Canada, and Lady Grey and Lady Edith Grey, daughter of the earl, Viscount Lascel les, his aide de camp, Captain Fife and Mr. Cower, arrived here this aft ernoon on the Canadian government steamer Quadra and will remain until noon Saturday. They visited the ex position to night, where the Cana dian government has a building. The governor general and his party are the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Samuel H-lill at the Hotel Perry. DECREASE IN EXPORTS IMPORTS INCREASED Falling Off Was Only on Food Stuffs, Gain on Everything Else. WASHINGTON, Sept. 2.-There was an increase in the value of both the imports and exports of the United States during the month of July over that month last year, according to the monthly statement of the country's foreign commerce, issued by the bu reau of statistics of the department of commerce and labor. The value of the imports for July was $112,488,354, an increase of $26, 057,862 over July, a year ago, making the total imports for the seven months ending July, $830,485,646, which is an increase of $221,958,998 over the same period for 1908. The increase in exports for July was more than one-fourth that of im ports. The exports were $109,337,952, an increase over the previous July of $6,138,376; for the seven months end ing with July, the exports amounted to $897,311,122, a decrease compared with the same period in 1908, of $3, 658,968. The decrease in exports for the month were in food stuffs, all other classes of exports showing an in crease. EVIDENCE OF PEONAGE. PITTSBURG, Sept. 2.-Special Gov ernment Agent W. H Hoagland, who has been investigating charges of al leged peonage at the car plant of the Pressed Steel Car company at Schoen ville, is said to have found new evi dence today tending to substantiate the charges He refused to make a statement. .4.÷.4.4. *4., *4 ***4' 4 4.** * 4 * WYOMING WEATHER. ' * Partly cloudy Friday and Sat- 4 * urday, with probably local 4 4 showers. 4. 4.4.4' ** 44' 4' *4 4 * Smith Was a Visitor at the Big Exposition Novel Gathering of Smith Family of the World Held at the Se attle Exposition Grounds S EATTLE, Wash., Sept. 2.-When Donald Smith, better known as Lord Strathcona, the richest Smith in the world, sent his regrets from Victoria to the World's fair Smith family day committee, saying that he could not attend because of illness, there was feeling of discour agement. Later the committee was cheered by the news that Columbia, the Labrador Eskimo belle queen of the pay streak, and famous as the Chicago world's fair baby christened by Mrs. Potter Palmer, claimed the name of Columbia Smith. When the fair gates opened this morning, people began to pour in wearing the badge: "I am a Smith; are you?" Headquarters had been established in the Washington building and here thousands of Smiths registered. When the time for the speaking arrived, 3, 000 of the great family-Indians, Es kimos in furs and white people-gath ered to the hall, where exercises be SCHOOLS OPEN NEXT TUESDAY. The public schools of Billings will be reopened Tuesday, September 7. The situation of the grades and of the teachers will be announced in The Gazette of next Sunday. DEATH TO RELIEF OF FREDDA STANLEY Shot Herself Through Body and Lin gered Three Months in Great Agony. (Speelal to The Gazette.) SHERIDAN, Wyo., Sept. 2.-Death finally relieved the sufferings of Fredda Stanley, the unfortunate young woman who attempted to commit sui cide at her rooms on Grinnell avenue sometime during the night of June 16, last. The end came at 5 o'dlock Tues day afternoon. The funeral was held yesterday afternoon at 2 o'clock from the Smyth undertaking establishment, Rev. O. A. Adams, pastor of the Chirstian church, officiating. Inter ment was in Mount Hope cemetery. The case of Miss Stanley was one of the most remarkable, that ever came to the attention of local physi cians. She lived 75 days with a bul let wound in her body that would have instantly killed the average person. Becoming despondent, she fired a re volver point-blank at her heart, the bullet passing clear through her body and through a heavy mattress to the floor under the bed on which se was lying when she sought the suicide route. Miss Stanley was in a precarious condition for several days after the shooting, then she improved slightly and still later it was thought she had a chance for recovery. She was re moved to rooms on Val Vista street, where she remained until death came. Miss Stanley had been gradually sinking for several days before she finally succumbed. A pathetic feature of the case was the devotion of a friend-a man who had known her some time. Practically without funds when she attempted suicide, he worked hard to raise money with which to secure the best medical service and other things she needed badly. He sold what few per sonal effects of any value he pos sessed and in every possible way tried to help the woman in whom he was in terested. Japanese Commissioners Plan to Study Industrial Conditions SEATTLE, Wash., Sept. 2.-The I Japanese commercial commissioners paid their respects to Mayor John F. Miller and the local Japanese con sul, Tokichi Lanaka, today, and made plans for studying the United States in their tour of 80 days. Baron Shi busawa and Baron Kanda called at gan with an address by Rev. Edward Lincoln Smith of the Pilgrim church, of this city. After the addresses, every one of which was boastful of achievements of the family, prizes were awarded to the shortest Smith, the handsomest Smith and the plainest Smith. Every state of the Union was represented. GREAT EXPLORER WILL BE GIVEN A MOST ENTHUSIASTIC WELCOME HOME Belgians Enthusiastic Because of Dr. Cook's Achievement-- Nordenskjold Declares That Experienced Men Ac companied Explorer on Great Dash EW YORK, Sept. 2.-Preparations already are a foot to make the home-coming of Dr. Frederick A. Cook an event of national and possi bly international importance. If plans outlined today by members of the Arc tic club are carried out, the welcome Dr. Cook will receive in New York will be an ovation in which the city, state and nation will take part, while prominent explorers, Cook's former rivals from all parts of the globe, will gather to pay their personal tribute to his achievements. Members of the Arctic club hope President Taft may be present. "Such an honor would be more than fitting," one declared, "in view of the fact that the explorer had placed the Stars and Stripes on the apex of the world and added, perhaps, 60,000 square miles to the nation's country." Among the explorers, who are ex pected to take a prominent part are the duke of the Abruzzi, Dr. Fritjof Nansen, Captain Ronald Amundsen. General A. W. Greeley, Rear Admiral Melville, Anthony Fiala and Captain Joseph Ethernier. Captain Bradley Osborne, secretary of the Arctic club, said the explorer is not expected here for several weeks. "HIe is due in Copenhagen in three days," said Captain Osborne, "and if he came straight home, would arrive in New York about the middle of Sep tember, but friends believe that he may make several stops on the way. For one thing, the geographers and scientists of Copenhagen will tender him a welcome. He may go to Chris tiania to meet Captain Amundsen, dis coverer of the northwest pasage; it is likely that he will visit Belgium, where he has been decorated for his services to science and it is scarcely conceivable that the British geograph ical societies would allow him to pass them on his way home without an in vitation to London." BRUSSELS, Sept. 2.-Belgian news papers comment with enthusiasm on Dr. Cook's achievements. They re call how he came to join the Belgian expeditions to the south pole. On the very day the doctor, who had been previously engaged, was notified to join the expedition, Dr. Cook cabled from New York asking if by chance there was a place vacant aboard the Belgica. Instructions were immediate ly sent to him to join the ship at Rio de Janeiro. Dr. Cook's assistance on the city hall to thank the mayor for their courtesies. All of the commis sioners went to the consul's house. The commissioners assembled to night and perfected plans for their organization. Various trade experts were made chairmen of committees (Conttnued on Page 8. EXPRESSES NO DOUBT French Geographers Declare It an Epoch Making Event ARIS, Sept. 2.-M. Lemsoff, libra rian of the Geographical society and an authority on polar mat ters, said today that while the society had not received direct news of Dr. Cook's explorations, he saw nothing to doubt in the report of the expedition, especially considering the personality of Dr. Cook. "We have known the navigator," he said, "for several years. He is a man of rare energy and much experience in Arctic and Antarctic exploration. "Exploring the pole is of the great est scientific interest from magnetic, meteorological and geographical standpoints. It is impossible to im agine the terrible difficulties that are to be surmounted. "This exploit, if confirmed, is one of the most woniderful and epoch making of humanity." that expedition was most valuable, not only as a physician, but as a pho tographer and scientist. He was the life of the party and worked wonders in cheering up the Belgian seamen. EAGLE ISLAND, Me., Sept. 2.-"If Dr. Cook has found the pole, I most certainly extend my heartiest con gratulations," said Mrs. Robert E. Peary today, when asked if she thought Dr Cook had reached the pole. Mrs. Peary is expecting a mep sage from Commander Peary himself the middle of the next month or soon er, and hopes that he, too, has been successful in his endeavors to reach the farthest north. BRUNSWICK, Me., Sept. 2.-Mrs. Frederick A. Cook, wife of the explor er, declined to talk at length today concerning her husband's achieve ment, declaring she did not desire no toriety. "I am very glad that my husband has reached the pole and gained the chief desire of his life. I have al ways had great faith in his success and have never for a moment felt he would not win." GOTHENB1URG, Sept. 2.-Dr. Otto Nordenskjold, explorer, who has just returned from an Arctic voyage, de scribes an interview he had with Knud Rasmussen, the Danish student, in Greenland, who passed a winter No Consideration Is Shown to Bradbury SAN RAFAEL, Cal., Sept. 2.-Wil liam Bradbury, an aged million aire, who was sentenced to a year in San Quentin penitentiary for per jury in connection with a mortgage held by him on property in this coun ty, was taken to the prison today. Bradbury's attorneys had secured a stay of execution for 30 days which expired today and telegraphed last night that Governor Gillett had re served final decision in the matter of a reprieve until thmorrow. When Bradbury arrived at the pris on he was searched, measured for a suit of prison clothing, photographed and given a bath. His long hair was cut off, his beard shaved and he was attired in stripes. Then he was meas ured for the Bertillon cabinet. Warden Hoyle asid that the mil lionaire would be put at work in the jute mill tomorrow. Bradbury's re quest that he be permitted to provide extra food for himself was denied. He was given only a mattress and two blankets, the regular prison allow ance, despite his protest that he be al lowed to install a comfortable couch in his cell. BARRICADED IN HIS HOME INSANE MAN DEFIES POLICE Giant Redwood Trees Threatened by Railroad Practically Decided That Pacific Northwestern Will Be Extended by Santa Fe and S. P. CHICAGO, Sept. 2.-Failure of de nial by those who have been in conference, that an extension of the Northwestern Pacific railroad to Eureka, Cal., has been agreed upon, is believed in local railway circles here to indicate that the extension has been agreed upon by representatives with the Cape York Eskimos, togeth er with Dr. Cook. Rasmussen told Dr. Nordenskjold that the Eskimos at first absolutely declined to follow Dr. Cook, owing to the risk. At last some young men declared themselves willing to aid him in his attempt to reach the pole and at the moment of starting several highly experienced men joined the party, saying they would not leave their sons and would not forsake this mall who had trusted them." DENMARK'S RECEPTION. COPENHAGEN, Sept. 2.-Dr. Fred erick A. Cook's credit stands so high with Danish polar experts that the first message announcing his success in reaching the north pole, meager as it was, was accepted as conclusive. Commodore Hovgaard said today: "I believe the message is true be cause Dr. Cook is most trustworthy and opposed to all exaggeration." C. A. Neilson, an official of the Greenland administration, said: "When Dr. Cook says that he reach ed the north pole, there can he no doubt about it. His scientific discov eries will prove that." A committee under the presidency of the minister of commerce has been former to arrange a fitting reception to Dr. Cook on his arrival at Copen hagen. Dr. Maurice F. Egan, the American minister, will be aboard a special steamer that will be sent out by the Royal Geographical society to morrow to meet Dr. Cook, who is on his way here on the steamer Hans Egede. The Danish government tonightdis patched the torpedo boat Jullend from Aarpus to meet Dr. Cook and the Jul lend will probably come across the Hans Egede off the Skaw. The commander will convey con gratulations to the explorer on behalf of the government. The Royal Geo graphical society will invite Dr. Cook to be its guest during the stay at Co penhagen. Discovery Corroborated. WASHINGTON, Sept. 2.-Maurice F. Egan, United States minister at Copenhagen, has telegraphed the state department that Dr. Cook's reported discovery of the north pole has been corroborated by Dergardenjens, the Danish inspector of north Greenland. Severe Drought Compels Many Pennsylvania Mills to Close PHILADELPHIA. Sept. 2.-Little rain has fallen in eastern Pennsyl vania for several months and the drouth caused serious damage. Crops and pasture fields have been burned. A dispatch from York, Pa., says the big paper mill of P. H. Flatfelter and of the Santa Fe, the Southern Pacific and the Northwestern Pacific, and awaits only confirmatory action. "This matter has been the subject of several conferences among Mr. Kruttschnitt, representing the South ern Pacific, Captain Payson, president of the Northwestern Pacific, and my self," said President Ripley of the Santa Fe in an interview today. "Did you agree that the extension shall be made?"he was asked. "That I do not care to answer. The whole thing will become known in time." "Has the matter been referred to the various boards of directors?" "Speaking of my own road, no; but it will be next week." Mr. Kruttschnitt sent word through his chief clerk that the matter had not yet been settled. "It is not the custom of railroads to announce such matters in advance," said Mr. Krutt schnitt. The extension would tap a section of northern California near the coast containing forests of giant redwoods, hitherto immune. GOVERNORS ARE INVITED. EL PASO, Texas, Sept. 2.--Every governor in the United States and Mexico will be invited to be the guests of El Paso at the meeting of the pres ident, October 16. This was decided by the joint committee of arrange ments of El Paso and Juarez. DISASTROUS FLOOD VISITS LIVINGSTON Bursting of Irrigation Ditch Fills Cel lars and Floods Streets of City. (Special to The Gazette.) LIVINGSTON, Sept. 2.-The main business portion of Livingston was this evening visited by a disastrous flood as the result of a heavy cloud burst which struck the city at about 6 o'clock. The rain descended in .tor rents, filling the irrigation ditches to overliowing and causing a break in the bank of the Sherman-Krieger ditch above the city. The waters in the ditch, which was running to its capacity at the time, swept down the main streets of the city in a wall, filling the basements and doing a great deal of damage to merchandise. All traffic was for a time suspended and at a late hour the waters of the ditch were pouring down Second avenue toward the river. A volunteer force of about 150 men waded out into the streets where the water was flowing to the depth of over a foot and succeeded in reducing the stream somewhat by opening the manholes of the sewers, thus allowing the surplus water to find its way to the river underground. Practically every cellar in the city was filled with water and in some places the torrent found its way into store buildings. The total damage cannot as yet be estimated but it will unquestionably amount to several thousand dollars. It is also feared that the foundations of some of the buildings of the city will be damaged by the flood. HE.AVY CROP LOSS. MUSKEGON, Mich., Sept. 2.-It is estimated that the loss accompanying the heavy frost last night in Muske gon and Ocane county will reach at least $100.000. Corn and potatoes are damaged the most, the former crop be inc almost a total loss. The frost is the heaviest that has fallen in *the locality since 1869. company at Spring Grove, Pa., has been compelled to suspend operations because of the drouth. The Schuylkill river is at the low est point in its history and more than 1,000 persons employed in the mills at manayunk, a suburb of this city, are idle because of the scarcity of water. Subdued After Fierce Struggle With the Officers KILLED 1115HIS WIFE When Police Hear That Woman Is in House with Maniac, .They Brave Death and Rush Through Door. Woman Found Dead with Finger . Marks Upon 'Throat. POKANE, Wash., Sept. 2.-Barri caded in his home at 14 Monroe street, defying the entrance of the police, John Glinderman, a crazy butcher, murdered his wife at 8:30 o'clock this morning by choking her to death. Then he put up a desper ate fight with officers before he was taken into custody. The report that a crazy man was in the house armed with two big re volvers had brought a force of police men to the place and soon a large crowd gathered. Glinderman threat ened to kill the first man who en tered the house and held the officers at bay for 15 or 20 minutes. Not knowing that any one was in the house with him, they hesitated to pre cipitate a gun fire until it was report ed that his wife was there. Then a rush was made against the door and the officers after a hard struggle over powered Glinderman, but not until after he had nearly bitten off the fin ger of Detective Weir and kicked and scratched the others. Mrs. Glinderman was then discov ered lying in a bedroom with marks on her throat, showing that she had been choked to death. Glinderman was formerly an inmate of the insane asylum in Maryland. BIG DIVIDEND DECLARED. BOSTON, Sept. 2.-Announcement of a quarterly dividend of $8 a share was made today by the directors of the Calumet and Hecla Mining com piny. Three months ago the quar terly dividend declared was $6 and the dividend declared one year ago was $5. VOLIVA ASKS WRIT. CHICAGO, Sept. 2.-Wilbur Glenn Volivia. successor to the late John Alexander Dowle, head of the Chris tian Catholic church in Zion, and who is now in jail for failure to .pay a judgment of $10,000 obtained by a for mer member of the church on a charge of libel obtained a writ of habeas corpus from Judge Scanlou here today. The writ is made return able tomorrow. DECLARED FOR PROHIBITION. PARIS. Idaho, Sept. 2.-The people of Bear Lake county, Idaho, have de clared for prohibition by a vote of al most two to one. The election, under the county option law was held yes terday. TOWN WAS DESTROYED. MEXICO CITY, Sept. 2.-Word has reached here that the town of Ray ones was destroyed in the recent flood that swept down the Monterey valley. Other river settlements have not yet been heard from. There is still a large area without telegraphic communication. 4 MANY CLERKS AUTHORIZED. WASHINGTON, Sept. 2.-The cen sus bureau today announced that ap proximately 3,000 temporary clerks would be appointed in connection with the work of taking the thirteenth de cennial census. The first examination will be held on October 3, next. Few .lppointments from this examination will be made before January 1, and •lot many will be made until April, 1910. The maximum forces will be Irawn about August 1, next. FAR.FETCHED CLAIMS. EL PASO. Texas, Sept. 2.-El Paso claims the discovery of the north pole since J. G. Bradley, who carried Dr. Cook to the polar seas and outfitted him for the trip to the pole, was for many years a resident of this city. . D. and E. G. Bradley, brothers, went to New York from El Paso several years 'ago. HARRIMAN IMPROVING. NEW YORK, Sept. 2.-E. H. Har riman was in communication with his office in this city today. It was stated that his condition is improving. * MONTANA WEATHER. * Partly cloudy Friday and * • Saturday, with probably show- * * ers in western portion. " i"""i"""""""!."""