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The Billings Gazette.
VOLXXI BILLINGS, MONTANA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1909. NO. 175
PEARY GIVES DETAILS ABOUT
OBSERVATIONS AT THE POLE
Declines to Tell Who
Saw Him Deposit
Nothing Inconsistent in Statement of
Cook That Whitney Has His Records
as Peary Saw New Yorker on Jour
ney to the North.--Submit Claims to
BATTLE HARBORfl Labrador, Sept.
16.-(Via Marconi Wireless to
Cape Ray, N. F.)-Commander
Robert E. Peary today talked further
concerning his dash to the north pole.
He dwelt particularly upon the ob
servations taken and the movements
of Harry Whitney, the soptrsman of
New Hhven, Conn., who has been de
scribed as the bearer of records sub
stantiating Dr. Frederick A. Cook's
claims to having reached the pole
April 21, 1908.
"We took five observations prior to
reaching the pole," Commander Peary
said. "Two of them were made and
worked out by the late Professor Ross
Marvin, who prepared duplicate re
cords in each case and duly signed
the duplicate certificates. To guard
against accident I took one set of
these papers and Profesosr Marvin
took the other.
"When within a distance of 125
miles from the pole, the third obser
vation was made by Captain Bartlett,
who also signs the records in dupli
cate, he retaining one set and I the
other. The fourth and fifth of these
observations were made by myself,
the last being taken five miles from
the pole proper."
"Were there more than one obser
vation taken at the pole and by
whom?" the explorer was asked.
"There were several observations,"
he replied. "And I took them all my
self. They all agreed. You must un
derstand that the pole is a theoreti
cal point, without length, breadth or
thickness. Its actual location depends
upon the accuracy of the instruments
employed and the conditions under
which the observations are taken."
"You have said, Commander Peary,
that a copy of your records and polar
observations was wrapped in a case of
silk American flags and deposited in
an ice cavity at the pole; did any
person witness this act?"
To this question Commander Peary
declined to make any answer.
Continuing, Peary said that Dr.
Cook was expected by the world to
submit to an impartial tribunal or
board of arbitration a revised and
authentic signed statement of his al
leged discovery of the pole. Dr. Cook
soon will reach the United States and
he was glad of the matter being sub
mitted for considerationkat an early
date. It should be done inside of a
couple of weeks and when it is done,
the commander declared he was pre
pared to turn over to the board of ar
bitration, to the public and to scien
tific bodies an array of testimony
which would disprove Dr. Cook's
claims for all time.
Asked how Whitney happened to re
main in the north, Commander Peary
said Whitney was of a party of sports
men who went as passengers on board
the steamer Erik.
At Etah, where it was determined
to land a party and supplies for the
relief of Dr. Cook, particularly in view
of the fact that Rudolph Francke was
being invalided home, Whitney asked
if he might remain at the station to
hunt walrus and polar bear in the
spring. This was decided on. In or
der to provide against the contingency
of the Roosevelt not coming down
from the north in the summer of 1909,
in which event he would be obliged to
remain in the Arctic for two years,
Mr. Whitney made arrangements for
a ship to come up for him this sum
Asked how Dr. Cook had made his
way from Etah to South Greenland,
Peary replied that he probably travy
eled by dogs and sledges south and
across Melville bay.
\!,N 'ISSIONERS AT FARGO.
FARGO, N. D., Sept. 16.-The Japa
nese commercial commissioners, wh
are making a tour of the United State=
are here and today visited the North
Dakota Agricultural college.
Baron Kaula, one of Japan's fore
most educators, made an address at
* WYOMING WEbATHER. *
* Fair Friday and Saturday; ,
* warmer Friday.
G e......****** $
Inside History of the
Coal Grab Is Related
Cost of Coal Lands in Big Horn
Basin Was Paid by a Coterie
of Long Island Capitalists
EW YORK, Sept. 16.-Rufus J.
Ireland of Amityville, L. I.,
jointly indicted with Wilberforce
Sully and George W. Dally of this
city, and Frank T. Wells of Amity
ville entrymen, not by persons prom
fraud the government out qf coal
lands in the Big Horn country, Wyo
min, was recalled as a witness today
at the extradition proceedings before
United States Commissioner Hitch
It is alleged that the defense has
admitted that the cost of coal lands
was paid for by the coterie of Amity
ville entrymen, but by persons prom
inently identified with the Owo Creek
Coal company, which subsequently
acquired them. The witness is presi,
dent of that corhpany. He told of a
meeting of the board of directors in
1907, when Je was voted an annual
salary of $400 and Samuel Hiklreth
and Frank T. Wells, also counsel, $2,
000 per annum each.
About the time the officers of the
company were voting the salaries it
appears from Ireland's testimony that
the Union Trust company of Chicago,
WASHINGTON AFTER PINCHOT.
SEATTLE, Wash., Sept. 16.-The
state legislative investigation commit
tee which is about to look into the
administration of the state Lnd com
missioner's office, is expected to make
strong representations to the interior
department regarding the state's los
ses of school and granted lands. This
state has 600,000 acres of school and
granted lands tied up in the forest re
serves and Chief Forester Gifford
Pinchot has opposed all efforts to
procure either these or lieu lands.
Marvel of Japanese
Engineer Says Irrigation as Exempli.
fled in California Surpasses That
of Egypt or Other Countries.
LOS ANGELES, Cal., Sept. 16.-"Ir
rigation as exemplified in California
is the most wonderful thing in the
world. The system in use in this city
surpasses anything I have seen in
Egypt or any other country."
This is the statement made today
by Tsuno Tokumi, Japan's chief irri
gation engineer, in the island of For
mosa, who is here on a tour of in
"Your rotation of crops to the hus
bandmen of the orient is a marvelous
agricultural science," he went on. "I
have come to learn more of how you
cause two and three crops to grow out
of the same land in the same year."
MRS. SANDERS ILL.
(Special to The Gasette.)
BUTTE, Sept. 16.-Mrs. Sanders,
widow of the late former United
States Senator Wilbur F. Sanders of
Helena, pioneer of the northwest, will
be operated upon in this city tomor
row for gall stones. Her condition is
critical, and it is not believed she can
PROCLAIMS HIMSELF SHAH.
ST. PETERSBURG, Sept. 16.-A
dispatch received here from Teheran,
Persia, says the pretender to the Per
sian throne, Abdul Hussin, has ap
peared at Luristan and proclaimed
himself shah. He is receiving the
support of the local population. The
government has sent a detachment of
troops with artillery to suppress him.
Chinaman Is Fined for Offering
His Umbrella to White Woman
I CHICAGO, Sept. 16.-Yee King was I
0 fined $50 and costs for offering Mrs.
Goldie Carter the shelter of his um
) brella during a rain storm. The Chi
) naman pleaded that he had been
taught in the New York missions to
be courteous to white women.
was demanding payment on a note for
$50,000 of the Owl Creek Coal com
pany, which it held. In order to pro
tect her interests, Mrs. Mary P. My
ton, a relative of Sully, took up the
note and now holds all but four of
the nine issued of $90,000 bonds of the
DEFENSE OF THE RIGHT OF LABOR TO
ORGANIZE, MADE BY PRESIDENT TAFT
Great Speech to Working Men in Chicago in Which History
of Campaign Is Reviewed-Will Urge Legislation
on Subject of Court Injunctions
C HICAGO, Sept. 16.-A strong de
fense of labor's right to organ
ize in a lawful manner was the
feature of an address by President
Taft in Orchestral hall here tonight.
The president also said he would rec
ommend to the next congress the leg
islation on the injunction, as prom
ised by the Republican platform. He
insisted that the right of the non
union laborer be fully protected, say
ing nobody should be allowed to force
him into unions.
Mr. Taft's address was the princi
pal event of his visit to Chicago.
Before speaking he rode through
the South Park system and reviewed
150,000 school children assembled to
do him honor, took luncheon with the
Commercial club and attended a ball
game in which the New York Nation
als defeated Chicago.
Mr. Taft's address, in part, follows:
"It is just about a year ago tonight
that I made a speech in this hall to
some 1,800 members of the railroad
labor organizations, in which I at
tempted to convince them that there
was nothing in my decisions as a cir
cuit judge in labor injunction cases
which ought to make them vote
against me for the presidency. It was
a critical time in the campaign.
"You will remember, perhaps, that
the head of the Federation of Labor,
who had declared for my opponent,
was anxious to carry the whole union
labor. I cannot sympathize with this
ground for his action was my deci
sions as a judge, I was put under
the burden which I think no other
candidate for the presidency ever had
to bear, of explaining and defending
in a political contest the decisions
which I had made as a judge upon
the bench. It was assumed by many
who thought themselves familiar with
the situation that I would lose a large
part of the labor vote.
"The result showed that this as
sumption was incorrect and that la
bor men-union labor as well as non
union labor men-thought for them
selves, voted accordingly to their own
judgment and declined to be delivered
as a body to one party or the other.
On the whole, I do not think I suf
fered materially from the loss of la
"In the discussions I asserted that
I was as much interested as any one
in maintaining the cause of labor,
when labor, organized or unorganized,
by proper methods, sought to better
its condition by legislation or other
"I always consider it a diversion
tending to a breach of the peace when
any Ohinese accosts a white woman,"
said Judge Beirler yesterday in in
flicting the fine. "The Sigel murder
would never have occurred if Chi
nese were not allowed to address the
Katherine Gould Will
Now Ask More
.EW YORK, Sept. 16.-Justice
Bowling, in the supreme court
today, passed upon the findings
submitted to him by counsel for Ed
win Gould in the suit brought against
him for a separation by Katherine
Clemmons Gould last June, when,
after an exhaustive trial, Mrs. Gould
was granted a separation and $3,000 a
Some 200 findings were submitted
and most of them rejected. It was
suggested by one of the lawyers iden
tified with Mrs. Gould's interests at
the time of the trial that whatever
further actlon might be taken by her
husband, she would ask the appellate
court to increase her alimony consid
erably more than $36,000 a year, now
wise. I said I expected to recom
mend to congress, if I were elected,[
that interstate railroads be required
to adopt any additional devices found
useful for the purpose of saving from
loss of life or limb employes engaged
in the dangerous business of railroad
ing. I also said I favored the adop
tion of legislation looking to a proper
definition of the cases in which pre
liminary injunctions might issue with
out notice and defining the procedure
in such matters.
"Now that the election has come
and gone, I want to take this oppor
tunity of saying that I have not for
gotten my own promises or those of
the platform, and I propose in the
next session of congress to recom
mend the legislation on the subject
of injunctions which was promised in
the Republican platform and to see
whether such legislation is not possi
ble 'to avoid even a few cases of
abuses that can be cited against the
federal courts in the exercise of their
"I know that is an element among
employers and investors which is ut
terly opposed to the organization of
labor. I cannot sympathis with this
element in the slightest degree. I
think it is a wise course for laborers
to unite to defend their interests. It
is a wise course for them to provide
a fund by which, should occasion
arise and strikes or lockouts follow,
those who lose their positions may
be supported pending an adjustment
of the difficulties. I think the ern
Story of Death
Is Told by
OS ANGELES, Cal., Sept. 16.
The 12-year-old daughter of
Harper E. Bennett, the real
estate man, on trial for the murder of
his wife, gave sensational testimony
in defense of her father when she
took the stand today.
The little girl testified in effect that
her mother had put the poison in the
beer which both Bennett and his wife
drank, resulting, it was alleged,. in
the latter's death and Bennett's seri
ous illness. Further, the child said
that she had frequently heard her
mother threaten to kill herself.
Regarding what occurred on the
night of her mother's death, the
"Mamma took a little blue paper
bound with a rubber band and went
into the pantry and slammed the door.
When she came out, she had two
glasses of beer. She gave papa one
of them and kept one herself. Papa
drank his right off, but mamma only
This, the defense will contend, ex
plains how there came to be strych
nine in Mrs. Bennett's stomach.
BANKERS SHOW OPPOSITION
TO POSTAL SAVINGS BANKS
Estate of Magnate
Goes to the Widow
Brief and Business-Like Will of
Great Financier, the Terms of
Which Are Very Plain
NEW YORK, Sept. 16.-All of Ed
ward H. Harriman's property,
real and personal, is bequeathed
without restrictions of any sort to the
widow, Mary W. Harriman. The will
was filed at Goshen this afternoon,
but was made public in this city. It
ployer who declines to deal with or
ganized labor and to recognize it as
a proper element in the settlement
of wage controversies is behind the
times. One defect which has been
pointed out has been the disposition
of majority members of labor unions
to reduce the compensation of all
men engaged in a particular trade to
a dead level and to fail to recognize
the difference between the highly
skilled and very industrious work
man and the only less skilled and less
industrious. I think there is a move
ment among trades unions them
selves to correct this levelling ten
dency and nothing could strengthen
the movement more than the adoption
of some plan by which there should
remain among union workmen the im
petus and motive to be found in
greater regard for greater skill and
"Nothing I have said or shall say
should be construed into an attitude
of criticism against, or unfriendly to
the working men who for any reason
do not join unions. Their right to
labor for such wages as they choose
to accept, is sound, and any lawless
invasion of that right cannot be too
severely condemned. All advantages
of trades unionism, great as they are,
cannot weigh a feather in the scale
against the right of any man earnestly
seeking employment to work for
whom and for what price he will. And
I say this with all the emphasis pos
sible even though were I a working
man, and should probably deem it
wise to join a union for the reasons
"Our friends of the great unions at
times complain of our courts, more
perhaps because of the. decisions in
injunction cases than for anything
else. I have already referred to this
particular phrase of litigation in
which they have an interest, but when
the subject of courts is mentioned it
suggests to me a larger field for com
plaint and reform in which all c.ti
zens are interested and have a right
to be heard.
"It is not too much to say that the
administration of criminal law in this
country is a disgrace to our civiliza
tion and that the prevalence of crime
and fraud, which here is greatly in
excess of that in European countries,
is due largely to the failure of law
and its administration to bring crim
inals to justice. I am sure that this
failure is not due to corruption of of
ficials. It is due to their negligence
or laziness, although, of course, there
(Continued on Page 8.
Miniature Arctic Region Will Be
Exhibited by American Museum
NEW YORK, Sept. 16.-While the
north pole contro:ersy is practically
at a standstill in this city, barring
the unabated feelings evinced by par
tisans of Cook and Peary, plans for
a miniature Arctic region 4,t the
American Museum of Natural His
tory are being completed. By the end
is an extremely brief document, dated
June 8, 1903, and reads as follows:
"I, Edward H. Harriman of Arden,
in the state of New York, do make,
publish and declare this and for my
last will and testament; that is to
say, I give, devise and bequeath all
of my property, real and personal, of
every kind and nature, to my wife,
Mary W. Harriman, to be hers abso
lutely and forever and I do hereby
nominate and appoint the said Mary
W. Harriman to be the executrix of
"In witness whereof I have here
unto set my hand and seal, this
eighth day of June, in the year nine
teen hundred and three. (Signed),
"EDWARD H. HARRIMAN."
"Signed, sealed and declared by the
testator for his last will and testa
ment in our presence, who at his re
quest, and in his presence and in the
presence of each other, have each of
us hereunto subscribed our names as
"CHARLES A. PEABODY,
"C. T. TEGETHOFF."
Mr. Peabody is president of the Mu
tual Life Insurance company. Mr.
Tegethoff was one of Mr. Harriman's
Mr. Peabody, who made the state
ment public, declined to make an es
timate as to the value of Mr. Harri
Goshen, N. Y., Sept. 16.-The will of
E. H. Harriman was filed here today.
No estimate of the value of Mr. Har
riman's property was given in the pe
tition for probate.
BRITISH ADMIRAL COMING.
]gRTSMOUTH, Sept. 16.-The bat
tles ip Inflexible, fly!gW the flag of
the admiral of the flWt, Sir Edward
H. Seymour, left here today for New
York to participate in the Hudson
Is Not So Assuring
Governor Is Suffering Considerable
Pain as the Result of Operation.
-Physicians Are Hopeful.
ST. PAUL, Minn., Sept. 16.-Al
though the night was one of anxiety
at the bedside of Governor Johnson in
St. Mary's hospital at Rochester, the
morning reports received here indicat
ed that his condition is much more
Frank A. Day, Governor Johnson's
private secretary , talked with Dr.
and quoted Dr. Mayo as saying that
and quoted Dr. Mayo as saling that
the situation was decidedly more
hopeful. He said the governor dis
played splendid nerve last night, that
his voice was strong and he was
A bulletin issued at noon by Dr.
McNeven, house physician at St.
Mary's hospital, says:
"Governor Johnson's condition is
not so good. He is suffering consid
erable pain from an accumulation of
gas. Pulse, 8C; temperature, normal."
WASHINGTON, Sept. 16.-L. H.
Glavis, chief of the field division of
the general land office with headquar
ters at Seattle, today was dismissed
from the service by telegraph by Sec
retary of the Interior Ballinger. A.
Christensen, chief of the field service
of the general land office at Portland,
Ore., will probably be placed in tem
porary charge of the Seattle division.
of the week the public will he able
to view a wonderful reproduction of[
the land of ice and snow.
With maps, boats, canoes, house
hold utensils for Eskimos, hunting
and fishing outfits, animals of the po
lar regions and other specimens, the
(Continued oe Page 8,
League Urges That
IS TURNED DOWN
Despite Fact That Position of Repub.
lican Party Is Pointed Out, Hostility
to Entrance of Government Into
Banking Business Is Pronounced In
Convention of American Bankers.
SHICAGO, Sept. 16.-The postal say
ings bank question came to the
fore at the meeting of the sav
ings bank section of the American
Bankers' association convention here
today. In the midst of a committee
report, adverse to postal savings
banks and speeches deprecatirg the
entrance of the government into the
banking business, an open letter was
received from the Postal Savings Bank
league of the United States. The let
ter was addressed to George M. Rey
nolds, president of the American
Bankers' association, and was signed
by Julius Geiser, president of the Sav
ings Bank league. The letter says:
"The current expression of officers
of your association tend to show a
spirit of opposition to postal savings
banks, which, while contrary to pub
lic opinion, is also, as we believe, con
trary to the best interests of your as
"The dominant party is most sol
emnly pledged to the establishment or
postal 'savings banks, yet in the same
breath you make a proposition in be
half of the money interests (a central
bank under government supervision).
you ask the legislative and executive
powers to ignore and violate the
pledges given to the body of the peo
ple in the platforms."
The league calls on the bankers for
assistance in securing postal saving,
Mr. Reynolds showed the letter to a
number of delegates today, but no ac
tion was taken. Practically every
speech made so far at the bankers'
convention is concerned has been
adverse to postal savings banks.
Outside of the business session of
the convention, preparation was made
by the delegates to attend the chief
social function of the gathering, the
presidential reception and ball to
DEATH IN FLAMES.
SAN DIEGO, Cal., Sept. 16.-One
human life lost, 100 head of cattle
and 12 to 15 miles of mountain land
burned over are the net results of
three forest and brush fires which
raged yesterday and last night in as
many different parts of San Diego
More than 200 men fought the
flames all night. They reported that
the fire was under control today.
POWER SITES WITHDRAWN.
NORTH YAKIMA, Wash., Sept. 16.
Notice was received at the local land
office yesterday that all power sites
along the Yakima river in the vicinity
of North Yakima have been with
drawn from entry for the present. Ap
proximately 6,253 acres of land are
involved, 531 acres being entered land.
The land is included in a strip about
18 miles long, starting just north of
the city. The reason for the with
drawal is not stated.
SOLDIER'S BODY FOUND.
(Special to The Gamette.)
HELENA, Sept. 16.-The body of
former Sergeant Monroe of Company
C, Sixth infantry, was found this
forenoon back of the residence of Ser
geant Whaley of Company A, in the
non-commissioned officers' quarters
at Fort Harrison, near this city.
Whaley is being detained at the guard
house pending an investigation.
Death was due to a rifle shot. Whaley
will not talk.
JEROME N MINATION.
NEW YORK, Sept. 16.-Six hundred
and fifty signatures were secured to
the nomination petition of William
Travers Jerome yesterday during the
first da' of his open headquarters.
This number is nearly one third of
the 2,000 names to make valid Mr.
Jerome's nomination for the district
attorneyship. He is running inde
pendently and is in the race for the
i. MONTANA WEATHER. *
+ Partly cloudy Friday and *
+ Saturday with showers in ex- d
" treme west portion Friday. *
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