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*tL LINGS (AZETTE
Gazette Printing Company, Publishers Issued Semi-Weekly TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS SUBSCRIPTION RATES: One year, in aIdvane _....... ......................_ ......$3.00 Six months ._.............. .........._... . ............. ......1.50 Monolith Bldg.. Estern Representatives Marquette Bldg., 45 Wst 34th t. MAXWELL, Chicago. New Yortk LA COJTE A MAXWELL, Phone Central 5234 Mislf Ot the Billings Postoffice as Second Class Matter Dwindling Food Supply SHERE is food for thought in the remark of James J. Hill that the country will soon be compelled to face the problem of a food supply for our own people instead of being forced to rely in a great measure upon foreign markets, in order that the prosperity of the agricultural portion of our people may be ad vanced. The growing reluctance of the people to live upon the land, and the constantly growing tendency to flock to the cities and the in dustrial centers are given as the basis upon which the great railway magnate forms his theory of a constantly dwindling food supply and a constantly increasing living cost, and so forcibly does he support his contention that one cannot but be impressed by the force of his argument. There is every indication that the attention of the people has be come directed toward the agricultural regions of the country and that while the fears excited in the minds of such men as Mr. Hill are not allayed still that they are considerably discussed. During the past year there has been a remarkable immigration movement toward the lands of the west, more especially to those of the northwest, and there are many indications that this morvement toward the land is only at its beginning. There is still a vast area of unoccupied land, capable of pro ducing great quantities of food stuffs, and this area will from year to year be added to as the reclamation projects now in progress are brought to a stage where the land can be irrigated. Another feature of the great land movement is the discovery that the lands especially of the northwest are capable of producing crops without irrigation. These two facts give promise of homes within the productive regions for thousands of the people now gathered in the overcrowded cities of the land, and necessarily they assure a sensible addition to the volume of the production of foodstuffs in this country for many years to come. There is no doubt of the correctness of the assumption that the constantly growing populations of our cities and our industrial re gions are far outstripping the increase in production of foodstuffs, and that unless a reasonably rapid increase in the settlement of the agricultural lands of the west and northwest soon comes, the era of high prices will be indefinitely continued and conditions will neces sarily become more acute. The farmer may derive considerable satisfaction from the out look because of the fact that he is assured of a good price for every thing that he can raise. There is reason to believe that the time will never again be seen by the present generation when wheat will sell for less than a dollar, and in fact there is grave danger that unless the production is greatly increased, the price of living will become so great as to spell disaster to the country. Montana offers a splendid field for the man who is wise enough to recognize the signs of the times, and there is every indication that within the next few, years, practically every quarter section of land will contain its farmer, adding to the food supply of the nation and gaining a competence for himself. It is true as Piesident Taft declares, No Room that sectionalism should be deplored and that attempts to draw- a line between the for Sectional east and the west should be discouraged by eelin all good Americans, but still there is some thing that doubtless Mr. Taft would be able to add to the matter after once he has learned what the west really means, and what it requires. It is a noticeable fact that where the interests of the people of the east and of the west have come into conflict, the east has been favored of government. It is true that this cannot be said with so great force as it might have been some years since, still there is something that may be said of sectional discriminations, and these give opportunities for carpings and criticisms which cannot but have a harmful effect upon the nation as a whole. The day has passed when the west can be seriously injured by anything that the government might do in the way of discrinynation against it, and if the people will be patient, such things as a sectional feeling between east and west will die a natural death. The country today looks to the west for its food supplies, and furthermore, the world of finance more and more recognizes its dependence upon the west in hours of stress. It was western money that averted a disas trous panic recently, and it will be western money and western pluck that will afford the basis for the future greatness of our nation. "A man who violates a party pledge is an embezzler of power," declares Mr. Bryan. If that is true then a great wave of embezzle ment must have swept over the country during the past few years. for the men who paid any attention to party pledges have been re markably scarce. Comes From War-Pretty, who was sent to prison for assisting her Indian lover in doping the food of her husband, Young Hairy Wolf, now knows that love and war are two different things, for she was far from pretty when she came from her amatory expedition. In offering $1,000 in prizes at the forthcoming Dry Farming Congress, James J. Hill shows that he recognizes a good thing when he sees it. The Passing of Harriman HE passing of Harriman, ths king of finance and magnate of railroads without even a ripple upon the financial seas, would seem to be one of the strongest evidences of the sta bility of our business -world and it ought to remove from the minds of the timid, the fear of serious-corisequences when one of the men upon whose beck and nod the world of finance awaits, drops out of the game. There were many people who, during the long period of illness of Mr. Harriman, dreaded the announcement of the death of the financier because of the possible bad effects which it might have upon the business affairs of the country, especially as they were related to the ps~ce of securities-that the business of the country moved along as though nothing had happened, may be taken to indicate that in financial circles, despite the efforts of speculators to unsettle conditions through the circulation of wild rumors, there is a system after all and no man is great enough to seriously disarrange the business machinery because he is called upon to lay down his share of the burden. To be sure the death of Mr. Harriman had been more or less discounted by the business world because of the general belief that the end was near, but to this alone cannot be ascribed the fact that the death of the great financier did not cause anything approaching a panic. The business world knew that as things go nowadays, there is an absolute system upon which each great enterprise operates, and man being but one cog in the complicated machinery, does not long delay the turning of the wheels ,when he is broken by death, for another cog takes his place, and the big financial machine con tinues its operation with scarcely a noticeable hitch. It was a wise man who to illustrate the relative importance of one man to the world, placed his finger into the ocean and then withdrawing it, invited his pupil to contemplate the hole that was left. Man may cut very much of a figure among his contemporaries but his withdrawal from life does not much matter for there is al ways some man to take up his work where he laid it down and the big old world continues to revolve as though nothing had happened. We may think that some man is indispensible to the economy of things-that he may be so important that his place cannot be filled but after all we find that the individual is of little conseequence to the world and outside of his own personal following,, he is little missed when he lays down the burden of life. We are harvesting at the present time A bout the largest crops ever known in this sec tion of Montana--and the country has the been hardly scratched. The husbandman Crops is getting rich, and the markets through .TOp0s which he is disposing of his enormous yields are growing in importance. Business is increasing, and the population is being added to by constant arrivals from the east. Three hundred thousand people wake up hungry every morning in this state, and they have to purchase what they eat from the farmer. At the present time the man who tills the soil does not raise enough to satisfy the demand of home consumption. That is the reason the farmer is breaking more ground and in creasing his agreage. It likewise accounts for the tide of homeseek ers who are pouring into the country. There is something essentially sound in the determination of the reclamation service to complete the projects now on hand rather than to use available funds in the beginning of new projects. What ought to be done is for congress to make an additional appropriation in order that the work of reclamation of the arid and semi-arid lands might progress more rapidly, but as there is little likelihood of this being done, the service is acting wisely in deciding to do one thing thoroughly before another is takeni up. Sickly sentimentality is charged with the prevalence of crime, by a Chicago judge and he quotes figures to show that the "give a mran another chance" theory has resulted in a considerable increase in crime. While it is true that all men should have every chance to do right, still there is virtue in the good, old-fashioned spanking idea. The man who has been punished adequately for wrong-doing will know that crime does not pay and will be exceedingly chary in run ning counter to the laws. It does not so much matter what the poplulation of Billings may be this year for the city has only begun to achieve its destiny. With eastern Montana and northern Wyoming entering upon an era of home-building unprecedented in the history of immigration to the west, the commercial metropolis of an agricultural empire, has only begun to grow. The slogan of Billings is 50,000 people for 1915. Watch Billings grow. President Louis HIill is entirely correct in his assertion that Montanans do not realize either the value of their resources or the vast accretions to the population of the state that will come within the next few years. The wildest dreams of the most ardent "boosters" will appear tame when the (levelopmnent of the next five years i measured. There is room and to spare in the great northwest for thrifty farmers but this condition will not long obtain for within five years the values of all sorts of land will have multiplied many times. It's the wise man who gets in on the ground floor. There may he some doubt concerning the discovery of the north lole, but no one seriously doubts that the greatest wheat belt on earth has been definitely located. A tour throughout eastern Montana would remove all possible doubts. The man with twenty acres of sugar beets is a very important personage in this neck of the woods. If the price of beef continues to go up, it is a cinch that less of it will go down. If the dispute continues, a closed season on pole hunting should be declared. Peary reached the pole, but Cook says he saw it first. LOW RATES ON ALL THE ROADS Burlington Announces a One and a Third Fare to This City During Next Week. OTHERS WILL FOLLOW Northern Pacific and Great Northern Will Make Similar Inducements.- Dramatic Festival Will Be a Great Drawing Card. From Wednesday's Daily. The Burlington railroad yesterday morning announced a rSt4 of qne apd a third fare foi the round trip, good from all points on its line between Sheridan and this city and on all the pojnts on the Wyoming extension of the road. The fare is good only when parties of 25 or more take advantage of it, and is offered by the railroad in order that those living on the line may have an opportunity for coming to Billings some time during the big dramatic carnival which the manage ment of the Babcock has arranged for next week. It is said that the North ern Pacific and Great Northern will make similar offers at once, insuring a large attendance of out of town peo ple at the plays at the Babcock next week. The dramatic festival promises to be a winning feature and all of next 1 week the merchants of this city will make special sales and offerings of new fall goods in their stores. Bill ings is already recognized as the shopping cented of eastern Montana, it is here that he ladies of the state and of Wyoming come for the latest in dress goods and gowns, and the dramatic festival with its eight per formances and the special sales which will be inaugurated will insure the attendance of thousands of people from the nearby cities and towns. The Babcock has been unsually for- t tunate in its selection of plays for the dramatic week. Horace Lorimer in "The Shepherd King," a play that from a spectacular standpoint is said ( to rival "Ben Hur" will appear on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday nights, with a special matinee on Wednesday; Thursday night Ellery's Italian band, one of the foremost mu sical organizations of the country, will give a concert, and Friday and Sat urday, with a Saturday matinee "Polly of the Circus," a very clever drama, will appear at the Babcock. All three attractions are on their first western tours and, with the low rates offered by the railroads, will probably play to capacity houses at every engage ment. DRY LANDS BRING VERY HIGH PRICE Fergus County Non-Irrigated Farm Sells at $35 Per Acre.--Was but Half Plowed. From Wednesday's Daily. T. A. Gillespie, who makes his home in this city but who has been spending the greater part of the sum mer on his ranch near Hobson on the line of the Billings & Northern, tells of a record price paid for dry land in the locality of Hobson. He says that last week a deal for a quarter section of the best non-irrigated land in the Judith country was closed and that the price per acre for the land was $35, which is unusually high for non-irrigated land. The purchaser is a Colorado man who has had previous experience with dry la'nd farming in the northern part of that state, and the quarter section purchased was but half plowed, half of it having never been cultivated. Mr. Gillespie is an enthusiastic booster for Hobson, which is some times known at Phllbrook, for the railroad station is known by the for mer name and the poetoffice by the latter. He says that Fergus county is destined to become as great a beet raising country as is the Yellowstpne valley. This year he has a large field of beets which will yield a good tonnage to the acre but the frequent rains have had the same effect in the Judith basin that they have had here, and a second growth of the beets is feared. The rains have also inter fered somewhat with the harvesting of other crops. Mr. Gillespie says that throughout the entire country along the line of the Billings & Northern the farmers have harvested from 35 to 50 'bushels of wheat to the acre and that the act ual damage by hail, which was re ported to be heavy, is in fact, nom inal. -+-- PAID FINES. Mlinder Hands Over Thousand Dollars to County Clerk. From Wednesday's Daily. One thousand dollars in bills of $100 and other denomiations was pushed over the counter in the office of the clerk of the district court yes terday by T. H. Minder to F. H. Fos ter, clerk of the court, in payment of a fine imposed by the court about a years ago for permitting females in a place connected with a saloon. Minder conducted a variety theater in the vicinity of South Twenty-sixth street. A motion for a new trial was overruled July 16, and the payment was made on the last day of grace. -- 4 --- - .1DJI'DGED INSANE. From Wednesday's Daily. Chauncey Baird, 84 years of age and a veteran of the Civil war, was adjudged Insane at a hearing in the •ffice of the county attorney yester lay, precisely his ailment being des ignated as enderarteritis. He is not violent ,but shows a lapse of mental powers. He will be placed in the Warm Springs asylum. Problems of Finance Discussed by Bankers Gold as the Only Safe Reserves for, Banks Is Urged by President of the Association CHICAGO, Sept. 15.-Two great di visions of the banking business, the trust company and the clear ing house, occupied the attention of the delegates to the American Bank ers' association convention here to day. Before the trust company section f the principal address was made by Daniel S. Rarsden of New York, who spoke on the "Post Mortem Adminis tration of Wealth." Strong endorsement of gold as the only safe reserve fund for a bank was the burden of the annual address of E. C. McDougal, president of the Clearing House section. The new president of the section, Sol Wexler of New Orleans, urged that the members consider in the com ing year the idea of adopting a uni form rate of charges for all business transacted by one bank for another bank and also suggested that action be planned looking to the establish ment of uniformity in settling daily clearances. In the trust company section the delegates discussed problems relative to trust companies, among which were "The Limitations of the Functions of a Trust Company," "The Duties and Responsibilities of Trustees Under Corporate Mortgages, and Mortgages and Investments for Savings Funds of a Trust Company." The delegates took different views on most of the problems, explaining that the various state laws differed so greatly that uniformity in practice would not be practicable. H. H. McIntosh, president of the I Guardian Savings and Deposit com I pany of Cleveland, was elected presi COME TO BILLINGS W E HAVE a bargain for you at the right price and on easy terms. Things are moving again, more sales in the past ten days than in six months be fore. i his means an advance in values very soon and you cannot afford to de lay. Let us sell you some town lots, acre tracts, a home, business building or a farm. We are buying and selling real estate for .everybody all the time, adding value to your property and would like to have your business. Come in. NORTH EESTANT COMPANY Opposite Court House Billings, Montana APPLE GROWERS ATTENTION! We have just received a car load of APPLE BOXES. Place your order before they are all gone- PRICES RIGHT. Cardell Lumber & Coal Co. land made anywhere in the Yellowstone Valley, by W. W. CLARKE, Columbus, Montana, representing the Oregon Mortgage Co. I can offer the most favorable terms of repayment, and make loans with the least red tape. W. W. CLARKE, Columbus, Montana I dent of the trust company section. Among those elected to places on the executive committee are John D. McKee, vice president of the Mer chants Trust company, an Francisco, "and Edwin M. Chamberlain, vice pres ident of the Sin Antonip Loan and Trust company, San Antonio, Texas. The reception and ball tomorrow night will be the social features of theo convention. Elephants Escape in Arizona Desert Break Down Fences and Charge on House Containing Woman and Children. PHOENIX, Ariz., Sept. 15.- Four elephants belonging to a traveling show escaped on the desert yesterday while they were being taken afoot from Maricopa to Phoenix. A few miles out from Phoenix the pachy derms stampeded while passing a Mexican hacienda, broke down fences and charged an adobe house in which were a Mexican woman and her six children. The woman fell in a faint, but the huge beasts were unable to gain en trance through the small door of the place and at length keepers subdued them. TAFT SENDS CONGRATULATIONS. WASHINGTON, Sept. 15.-President Taft yesterday sent a congratulatory telegram to President Diaz on his 79th birthday.