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THi BILLINGS iAZltTTE
Gazette Printing Company, Publishers Iesued Semi-Weekly TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS SUBSCRIPTION RATES: One year, in advance .......................................................... $3.00 Six months . ..................................... ......... ........... ... ...... ..................... $1.50 Monolith Bg h Eastern Representatives eo Marquette Bldg., 45 West L34thst. Chicago. New Yori LA COSTE & MAXWELL, Phone Central 5234 Entered at the Billings Postoffice as Second Class Matter Worthy of Emulation W HEN his present tour is completed President Taft will have visited- more of the United States than has any of his piredecessors in the highest office at the gift of the nation. President Roosevelt traveled over considerable of the country pre vious to his assumption of the office of president, and even after, he showed himself sufficiently often to the people to satisfy them that he felt that ho was the president of the whole people, but for any one continuous tour or for the vast scope of country reached, his tours could not conmpare with the one now undertaken by President Taft. The chief executive is eminently correct in his statement that the more he can get acquainted with the country and its people, the better president he will make. Too often we have had presidents who hardly realized that west of the Mississippi river there lay a vast country posseising infinite resources, and having great problems that must be solved. To these presidents, the country consisted of certain thickly settled states lying along the Atlantic seaboard and in the central valleys, together with certain provinces situated out in that rather hazy region known as "The West." With this limited view of the country, it is not strange that every act of the executive should be tinged with eastern sentiment, and that the west should be com pelled to fight strenuously for everything that it got. When President Taft reaches the true west-the regions lying between the Pacific ocean and the father of 'waters, he will find that he has entered the granary of the nation-the region upon which the country must depend for its future greatness. He will find rapidly growing commonwealths, peopled by intelligent, progressive and thrifty workers, and he will find that in none of the essentials which go to make ilp a highly civilized region, is the west a whit behind the far east. President Taft is not only a man who is broad in his ideas but he is an observing man as well, and out of his visit to the west should come much good. He will note the needs of the only portion of the nation 'which still offers opportunity to the ambitious, homes to the people and room for the display of the indomitable perseverance and push of the true spirit of Americanism. When he has familiarized himself with the problems of the west, it will be impossible for any particular interests to impose upon him as they have upon some of the presidents who have preceded him. In the nmagnificent tour of President Taft, the country can look for much good, and it is to be hoped that future presidents may find his exaniple worthy of emulation. The new interurban electric line, so Meaens long hoped for, is an assured fact, provid ing the people will do their part in the Mu.uh matter of stock subscriptions and rights of way. Experiences of other communities in which rapid transit has been provided, has demonstrated that there is no one other agency so pqtent in the upbuilding of a region than is the electric railway, and that in addition to the electric lines proving a magnifi cent stimulus to settlement, they have proven to be paying proposi tions and mbst desirable modes of investment. Along the lake shore regions between Buffalo and Cleveland, several systems have been established. It has been found that while these roads did not cut into the earnings of the steam roads they were still able to secure all of the business that they could handle. This prosperity of the electric roads was not due to a division of the business but rather to the cultivation of new sources of business, and the result of the construction of electric lines 'was shown to be in creased prosperity to both railroads and communities. Every possible encouragement should be given to the new inter urban proposition to the end that it may be realized at the earliest possible date, and that Billings may become the center of a great electric system which will reach all points within a reasonable radius of the city-north, south, east and west. But, as stated at the outset, the people must do their part, by not neglecting the opportunity presented at the present time, of sub scribing for stock in the proposed road, and by granting rights of way that will make the land along the line of the interurban more valuable. Let every one who can, take in the coming Carblon county fair as a member of the Chamber of Conunerce party. Carbon county is the fruit center of the west. and it will pay any one to take a trip through the favored region in order that its possibilities may be learned. It is no longer a question of whether crops cn be raised without irrigation upon the lands of eastern Montana. for now the question is, "how long will the open lands remain?" It's the wise man who gets in upon the ground floor and fixes himself before the great rumh comes. Yellowstone valley apples are arriving in the market and sonimc thing extra in the way of apples they are, too. The Yellowstone i destined to become the great apple country of the continent, within the next decade. Wheneieer that unruly fellow at HIavre leaves the door open,. everybody i. conscious of a draft. Position Fully Vindicated DOUBTLESS now that President Taft has announced his posi tion anent the controversy between the secretary of the in terior and a bureau chief, some of the members of the state press who have been rather voluble in their remarks concerning Sec retary Ballinger, will discover where they "get off at." The same may be true in regard to the matter of the reclamation of the arid lands through the medium of the reclamation service. Conservation of our forests has long been urged by thinking men, and when President Roosevelt displayed an active interest in the subject the entire country applauded. Mr. Pinchot, acknowledgedly an expert upon forestry, with the encouragement of the president, began aggressive work in the direction of forest preservation, and in this received the encouragement of the thinking portion of the people. As time progressed, conservation became a slogan and forest preservation a fetich. The forest service began assuming powers which by constitutional right were vested in the head of an entirely different department. The interior department of the government and its bureau, the general land office, were ignored by the heads of a bureau of the department of agriculture, and hundreds of thou sands of acres of land were, without authority of law, withdrwwn from entry, and the progress of the west toward settlement was sensibly retarded. Secretary Ballinger, a iwestern man himself, and a man who believes that government officials, whether they be cabinet members or heads of bureaus, were bound by the law, intervened to not only protect the people of the west but compel observance of the law. It is a noteworthy fact that of all the papers of the northwest, The Daily Gazette was the only one which did not worship at the shrine of sentimentalism and which stood with the secretary for an un limited expansion of the activities of the west. There have been some rather harsh criticisms of the stand taken by The Gazette, but conscious that it stood upon the only logical ground, this paper continued to demand that the forest service should confine itself to its legitimate functions and that it should not at tempt to usurp the powers of the interior department. Now comes William H. Taft, president of the United States, in a state paper in which every point editorially made by The Daily Gazette is insisted upon. The arguments of the paper are repeated by the chief executive and he reaches precisely the same conclusions as did The Gazette. Now the papers which had been so free in their criticisms, are getting into line and it is to be expected that from now on, all will be found working intelligently for the advancement of the interests of the country in 'which they are published. The Daily Gazette also called attention to the fact that in many particulars the pushers of the reclamation service were attempting to make progress too rapidly. Recognizing the enormous benefit that the reclamation service was conferring upon the country, this paper insisted that the best results could be attained through the completion of projects now on hand rather than the inauguration of new ones. It was pointed out that for several year* to come, the money available would be limited and that wisdom would dictate that projects now under way should be made to do their work before any more of the funds of the service should be tied up in new enter prises. This view also called out editorial mention which in sonime instances wais decidedly unfair. Now comes the senate committee on irrigation, through its chairman, with the announcement of pre cisely the same thing as had been claimed by this paper and again The Daily Gazzette has been vindicated. x Soundness of viewpoint, and devotion to the general good, rather than to the good of some particular section, are always, sooner or later, upheld, and in the two instances quoted, the vindication has come much sooner than could reasonable have been expected. The board of control of the Dry Board Farming congress acted wisely in eliminat ing purely local prizes offered in competi Acted tion in connection with the exposition of Wisely dry farm products to be held in connection Swith the sessions of the congress in this city. The board has decided that every prize shall be open to the competition of the world and that nothing of a local flavor shall be permitted in the exposition. The exposition as well as the congress is an international affair and the exhibits of the dry lands of the entire world are invited. That there should bIe special prizes for Yellowstone county or for Montana would not Ie consistent with the international character of the exhibition, consequently the determination of the board of con trol that no part of the numerous competitions shall be localized, will meet with the approbation of all engaged in the dry faruming p'o)agandca. Montana can furnish homes for a million more people and this population cannot only be self-supporting but can contribute to the food supply of the nation. The moral is that if you are wise you will grab a slice of Montana lands while they are still cheap. Southern California is longing for separate statehood. Cali fornia is a pretty big affair and there is little question that she is big enough and rich enough. to make two mighty respectable com moinwealths if the carving knife should be employed. When the state house is equipped with its new wings, it will be a bird. If this Cook-Pearv controversy continues, we shall have to revive tihe Schley-Sampson affair, by way of diversion. I)r. Cook cocktails and Peary flips are the latest. Will Head off the Rock Island in Race for the Canal Trade EI, PASO, Texas, Sept. 18.--Dr. F. A. Pierson, head of the Canadian cap italists, who recently purchased the [tit, Grande, Sierra Madre & Pacific railroad, and secured control of the ('hihtahlua & Pacific, announced last night that the two roads will le ex tended from El Paso to the Pacific lcean,. with an outlet at the mouth of the Rio Mayo, in Sonora, the project to involve $1.5,0o000. Surveys will begin in 60 days. In connection with the road, Dr. Pierson said a company would be formed later for Panama and coast business. lie also stated that the new road will give a shorter route to the Pacific than the Southern Pacific and will give the shortest route to Cen-I tral United States points from Central A NOVEL TRIP THROUGH CANON Two Billings Men in Frail Canoes Explore the Waters of the Big Horn. BOTH GOT VERY WET Dr. Will Allen and Ben Huffbauer Spend an Enjoyable Week Floating Down River Through Canon Which Is Little Known. One would have to look a long ways to find a more enjoyable way to spend a two weeks' vacation than that taken by Dr. Will Allen and Ben Huffbauer, who have but recently returned to their homes in this city after floating down the famous canon of the Big Horn. Both men report a very en joyable trip and the "log" which Dr. Aleen kept while on the journey is full of interesting data concerning the scenery and the fishing along the riv er. Some very good pictures of the canon were also secured. Messrs. Allen and Huffbauer em barked on their trip on the Shoshone near Lovell, Wyo. They were equip ped with a canvas canoe apiece, and all the paraphernalia necessary to such a voyage. Dr. Allen says that very fortunately a bridge gang has been working near Lovell and had left behind enough pitch to make their boats thoroughly waterproof. The voyage was begun on the first of September and the first thing the hardy mariners ran into was an abundant downpour of rain. After go ing through Devil's canon both Messrs. Allen and Huffbauer were so thoroughly drenched from the water from the rapids that they stopped at a small creek to dry and christened the place, after the Indian fashion, "Wet' Em Both" creek. The "log" also contains accounts of the finding of large patches of wild grapes and choke cherries, the making of a wine press and what happened to a quart or more of wine made from the wild grapes. In one locality real bear tracks were found on the banks of the river and in most places fishing was good. In speaking of the trip Dr. Allen said: "Some of the rapids splashed so much water in our boats that it was necessary to stop after we had passed them and bail out. After leaving "Wet 'Em Both" we got into the worst rapids on the voyage. I succeeded in keeping out of the center but Ben got right in the worst of the rapids, and it was due alone to his exceptional skill with the oars that he was not compelled to do a little swimming. The river is very decieving. Places that look calm go along at a terrific rate and places where the top of the water is churned white may be found to be perfectly safe riding for the canoe. "We found hunting fairly good and fishing, especially in Black canon, was fine." The boats were abandoned at Har din at which point Messrs. Allen and Huffbauer took the train to their homes in this city. OIL IS FLOWING A BARREL A MINUTE New Refinery at Garland Has Been Pumping from Byron Wells for a Week. According to Billings business men who have recently returned from the Big Horn basin, the new oil refinery at Garland is now working its pumps, and oil from the Byron wells, which have been plugged for the past few months, is now flowing into the tanks of the refinery at a rate of over a barrel a minute. The refining ma chinery is not working as yet, for some small but very important ma chinery was broken in transit and has not as yet been replaced. But it is expected that the broken parts will be completed within a week at the most and that oil from the Wyoming field will be on the market within a month. The flowing wells at Byron which were plugged during the time the re finery was in process of construction, have all been found to he good pro ducers and are yielding crude oil in better volume than was expected. The six mile pipe line which takes the oil from the field to the refinery was found to have been plugged, evidently by some one with malicious intent, in a few places, but a day's delay while the pipe was being cleaned was all that was required to get things moving. MRS. C. E. KELLY DEAD. From Saturday's Daily. Mrs. C. E. Kelly, wife of C. E. Kelly, an employe of The Gazette, died early yesterday morning of stomach trouble. The body was shipped last night to Minneapolis, her former home, where the funeral services will be held. Mrs. Kelly is survived by her husband and a son of five years, both of whom will accompany the remains to Minneapo lis. 4- MARRIAGE LICENSE. From Saturday's Daily. William Cruickshank obtained a license from the clerk of the district court yesterday for the marriage of himself and Miss Ova Swepston, both of the this city. and South America. On the comple tion of the Panama canal it will af ford the quickest traffic from the United States to the west end of the canal. This is considered a step to head off another projected extension by Rock Island interests west through Arizona from the line of the El Paso & Southwestern. Hill Gives Silver Cups and Cash Prizes to Be Awarded Dry Farmers Five silver cups, aggregating $220 in value will be features of the list of prizes offered by James J. Hill, chairman of the board of direct ors of the Great Northern Railway, for best exhibits at the International Dry Farming Exposition which will be held at Billings, Montana, October 25-29, in connection with the Fourth Dry Farming Congress, October 26-28. George J. Ryan, ,eneral industrial agent of the Great Northern, has sent to the headquarters of the Congress at Billings, a list of the prizes and the conditions under which they will be awarded. 'The aggregate value of all the prizes is $1,000. This award by Mr. Hill is similar to that made by him in the case of the Omaha Corn Exrposition, with the exception that the cup feature is made a special one in favor of the Dry Farming Congress. In regard to the cash prizes, Ore gon, Washington and Montana are given the same list, thereby eliminat ing the competition of one state against another where conditions for certain crops might be ,better in one state than the other. Regarding the cups, Mr. Ryan writes: "The $50 cups will be, as near as we can ascertain at present, ten to 17 For each state named above: 1st 2nd 3rd Winter wheat, Turkey red ...................................$10 $5 $3 Spring wheat, Hard ........................................ 10 5 3 Spring wheat, Durum ................................... 10 5 3 Oats, any variety ....................................... 13 5 3 Barley, Malting .................................... 10 5 3 Barley, Hulless .......................................... 10 5 3 Winter Rye .............................................. 10 5 3 Flax ........................................ 10 5 3 Field Peas ........................................ 10 5 3 Alfalfa Seed ............................................... 10 5 3 Potatoes, any variety ..................................... 10 5 3 Sheaf exhibits, W heat, in sheaf, any variety ................................ 6 4 2 Oats, in sheaf, any variety ................................ 6 4 2 Barley, Malting, in sheaf, any variety ........................ 6 4 2 Flax, in sheaf ........................................... 6 4 2 Alfalfa, in sheaf ....................................... 6 4 2 COME TO BILLINGS W E HAVE a bargain for you at the right price and on easy terms. Things are moving again, more sales in the past ten days than in six months be fore. 1 his means an advance in values very soon and you cannot afford to de lay. Let us sell you some town lots, acre tracts, a home, business building or a farm. We are buying and selling real estate for everybody all the time, adding value to your property and would like to have your business. Come in. NORTH ESTMENT COMPANY Opposite Court House Billings, Montana APPLE GROWERS ATTENTION! We have just received a car load of APPLE BOXES. Place your order before they are all gone- PRICES RIGHT. Cardell Lumber & Coal Co. land made anywhere in the Yellowstone Valley, by W. W. CLARKE, Columbus, Montana, representing the Oregon Mortgage Co. I can offer the most favorable terms of repayment, and make loans with the least red tape. W. W. CLARKE, Colombus, Montana inches high, solid silver, gold lined and properly engraved. The two $35 cups will Ibe solid silver, gold lined and seven to 12 or 13 inches high. The last named cups will be given for the best exhibits of winter wheat, tur key red variety, and alfalfa seed, any variety, and are open to the competi tion of the three states named above." Five special prizes as follows: One silver cup for each state, value $50.00, for the best individual display of farm products made by any town or community in states named above. One silver cup, value $35.00, for the best individual exhibit of Winter wheat, Turkey red variety, grown in any of the three states named above. One silver cup, value $35.00, for the best individual exhibit of Alfalfa seed, any variety, grown in any of the three states named above. These prizes are offered for exhibits grown without irrigation within 25 miles of any of the lines of the Great Northern Railway in the three states named above. 'Any person or com munity drawing cup prizes cannot also take first money prize in any con test. Information as to size of samples will be supplied upon request by the secretary of the Dry Farming Con gress, Billings, Montana.