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TIR BILLINGS (iAZETTE
Gazette Printing Company, Publishers Issued Semi-Weekly Tuesdays and Fridays u N LAE SUBSO.IPTION RATES: One year, in advance ...................... ...................$3.00 81x months .................... .................. . .........$1.50 Monolith Bldg., ( Eastern Representatives Marquette Bldg., 45 West 34th St. LA COSTE & MAXWELL, Chicago. New YorkCOTE MAXWELL, Phone Central 5234 Entered at the Billings Postoffice as Second Class Matter He Should Fully Investigate Secretary of Agriculture Wilson is doubtless a very estimable gentleman and highly efficient cabinet officer but it is to be feared that he has reached the age when a man does not care to learn things which may set at defiance the preconceived notions of a life time. This does not imply that the secretary does not know well the things which he knows, but rather that it is unfortunate for the West that he is not open to conviction upon questions of vital interest to this portion of the country. There was a time, not so many years ago, when the veteran cabinet officer was rather doubtful of the value of irrigation, but today irrigation has not a more staunch supporter anywhere on earth. Today he laughs at the idea of raising crops in the West without irrigation, and it is unfortunate that he does not seem disposed to come out and investigate for himself. Mr. Wilson has done magnificent work for agriculture since he has been a cabinet officer. Under his direction the department of agriculture has sent experts to all portions of the world in search of plant life which would thrive under the varying conditions whi,'h obtain throughout the United States. Durum which was one of the discoveries the credit for which is due the secretary, a number of forage plants adapted to growth on the range, also were provided through his foresight, but there is no question that the secretary is altogether wrong when he says that only some forage plants and Durum wheat can be grown in the West without irrigation. We of Montana have learned that there is such a thing as scien tific agriculture; we have found out that through the proper cul tare of the soil we are able to raise as good wheat, and more of it, than any other section of the country. We have found out that our dry farms will produce beautifully of everything from sugar beets to alfalfa, and we stand ready to show the world results instead of 'theories. If Secretary Wilson will come to Billings during the sessions of the Dry Farming Congress and will examine the magnificent display of dry farm products that will be found at the great international exposition, we believe that he will change his mind concerning the possibilities of crop productions upon the dry lands of the West, and then we could hope for the cordial co-operation of the depart nient of agriculture in the movement upon which so much of the prosperity of the West depends. Need of Trained Diplomats W ITHIOUT any regard to the personality of Mr. Crane who Swho was relieved from the duties of minister to China be fore he had taken charge of his post, the fact remains that he to say the least, was decidedly indiscret in discussing affairs that would probably come before him as the represen tative of this government, and the fact that President Taft advised him to make as many public appearances as )possible in order that he might gain the necessaily amount of prestige. would not excuse a lack of diplomacy in a presumed diplomat. It would be difficult to imagine the scholarly Wu discussing with a Chinese journalist the relations of the United States with Japan, and yet there is not a diplomat in the world that has more frequently ap peared before the public, and who possesses a greater amount of pres tige as an after dinner orator than does the Chinese diplomat. It is possible that President Taft did not expect Mr. Crane to deal entirely in platitudes but he certainly did not expect frank statements of opinion upon questions of state especially in which the country to which he is accredited, was interested. "Language is given to conceal our thoughts" declared that prince of diplomats. Tallyrand, and every diplomat knows that so far as his service is concerned, this is strictly true. A detective does not announce in the papers that he susplects the crinminal and that he is going to investigate him at a certain hour, while the diplomat who takes the world into his confidence and into the confidence of his government, will find that lie will sever but little congealed liquid when it comes to dealing with affairs of state. The Crane incident has caused considerable bitterness in American political life, but the affair ihad not progressed to the point of pro voking international complications, in fact all that we get out of it i the humiliation of knowing that Amieriana diplhomaiiy has bLecome the laughing stock of the world, even of the seimii-barbarous nations of the Orient. The principal lesson to be learned from the incident is that there ; just as much reason why we should have trained nien in the diplo matic service as in the army or the navy. John Smith may be an enterprising lawyer famed for his ability to handle votes and swing conventions but that does not make him a diplomat nor does it put him upon an equal plane with the trained mien of Europe. So long as diplomatic posts are handed out as rewards for political services. so long will we be subjected to the chances of being humiliated as we have been in the case of Mr. Crane of Chicago. It must make William Randolph Hearst smile to view the mix-up) in the Democratic councils of New York. While Mr. Hearst stands no chance for winning he may reasonably expect to have some fun at the expense of some of the men who had formed the habit of turning him down. Peary's negro servant has taken to the lecture platform. Now if ,the Cook Eskimo and Mr. Barrill of Missoula can He persuaded to, mrr in vaudeville, 'the world will get a surfeit of exploration. Will Soon Be Realized HE time is not far distant when the dream of James J. Hill for a great north and south trunk line will have become an accomplished fact and the traffic of the country between the sound and the gulf will be passing over a continuous line of, rails. The gaps in the great system are being closed as rapidly as men and money can do the work and it will be but a short time before the cotton of Texas will be moving along the new trunk line, to be placed on ships in the Puget sound while the wheat of the Northwest will go to Liverpool by way of the Gulf of Mexico. Billings is peculiarly interested in the completion of the great Sound to the Gulf railway, for it will be one of the most important points upon the system. It is here that the great Hill transconti nental lines, both east and west and north and south will come together, and Billings will be a center in one of the greatest trans portation systems upon the continent. The completion of the north and south trunk line will give ade quate and rapid communication with the rapidly developing regions of northern Wyoming, and it will give the best of opportunities for the opening up of the vast regions lying to the northward of this city. With the best of facilities for handling all the business that can be developed, the new trunk line will place Billings in a com manding position so far as the trade of the regions both north and south are concerned. Taken in connection with the railway facilities to the east and west, the day of the commecial supremacy of the metropolis of the Yellowstone cannot long be deferred. Billings is today recognized as the logical trading point for a territory extending for hundreds of miles, but its prestige as a com mercial center will be greatly enhanced when it has been placed upon another trunk line which will give to the 'regions of eastern Montana and northern Wyoming a development so rapid as to make past performances look insignificant indeed. When the wheat of eastern Montana is sent to the seaboard without the long haul now necessary, the production will be vastly stimulated and this will mean more famers upon the lands of the northwest, and more trade for the Billings wholesalers and jobbers. In turn this will make for a greater Billings, and for increased prosperity for us all. It has well been said that one of the great Great Asset assets of Montana is its matchless climate, and less is known concerning this, through Practically out the country, than of any one other thing connected with the Treasure State. .UnkInown The average man, consulting the atlas, notices that Montana lies well toward the north, and without consulting data relating to climate, he jumps to the conclusion that Montana must be a region of long 'winters and deep snows. How many people in the central regions, now sufferingfrom in clement weather know that in eastern Montana there have been but two or three dlays when a wrap would have felt at all comfortable and that while the telegraph carried stories of snows in Iowa, Min nesota and West. Virginia, eastern Montana has been going about in its shirtsleeves? The visitors to the I)ry Farming congress will have a chance to compare Billings weather 'with the brand they have at home, and despite the fact that the congre.,s comues at a time when bad weather can reasonably be expected anywhere, we are confident that they will decide that Montana's climate will compare most favorably with that of any other spot on the continent. Forsyth is planning to run an excursion Forsyh's to this city during the sessions of the Dry Farming congress, designated primarily Splendid for the benefit of the pupils of the public Sceme of the public schools, and herein Forsvth is shoe\ving its wisdom and its foresight. During the assemblage of the noted men of the west, there will Ibe notable utterances the hearing of which would lo the children good, and in addition to this, there will be many things to be seen that will prove of great value to the coming men anid wom'en of eastern Montana. The Billings schools. and Chamber of Conmmerce should promptly take such action as will assure a proper reception for the youthful citizen. of Forsvth when they come to this city. to the end that they will be nicely entertained and that they be given an opportunity for seeing and hearing the things which will do them good. The children of Forsyth will doubtless be welcomed in a proper manner. and the people of Forsyth whoi have evolved so splendid a schelle are deserving the warmest of congratulatiios. I)r. Cook says that if the public doubts that he climbed Mount McKinley, he will perform the feat over again. Now if both I)r. Cook and Commander Peary will agree under the same circumstances to attempt the polar feat over again, the public as one man, will arise a1n in no uncertain tones, will express its doubt that either man would know a north pole if he met it on a country road. There imay have hbeii no "'frameup" in the contest for the world's I aseball cha.:.ioiishlipl, but it's a cinch that the "fans" of the East ~ere worked to a finish in the way of the sale of admission tickets. Seven gaines to decide the championship is certainly going some. .Judge Gaynor, I)emocratic candidate for mayor of New York, is credited with presidential aspirations. Evidently the jurist has fergotten what haIlened to another mayorality candidate who had as-pirations for the pretsidency. With St. Louis. Spokane, St. Paul, Rapid City and several other towns bidding for the Fifth Dry Farming Congress, it begins to look as though some lively times are in store for Billings during the congress week. It is said that the execution of Ferrer in Spain was hastened to prevent intervention from outside. Hurry up executions and press censorships would seem to indicate that Spain is making very rapid strides toward civilization. PRESIDENT TAFT ADDRESSES INDIANS IN AN OLD PUEBLO Remarkable Scene at The Village of Laguna FAVORSSTATEHOOD He Is Emphatic in His Declaration in Favor of Self.Government for the People of the Southwest.-Advice to the Indians, Who Received Him in Their Pristine Glory. LBUQUERQUE, N. M., Oct. 15. President Taft had another day of travel through the far south west today and traversing the long reaches of the territory of New Mex ico, had a glimpse of the most ancient adobes in America, leaving the train at one time to go into the Plaza of a Pueblo to witness an Indian dance especially arranged. The color of the southwest tinted his reception at all the various stops along the way. Arriving here at 5 o'clock, the president was greeted by one of the largest audiences of his territorial travels of the past three days and aroused intense enthusiasm by a repetition of the declarations he made in Arizona, that he favored state hood for the two remaining territories of the United States and would do all in his power to see that the long-de ferred hopes of the people of Arizona and New Mexico are gratified. The president spoke from a plat form near the railroad station and was later entertained at a banquet at the Alvarado hotel by the Commercial club. Following the banquet the president stopped half an hour at the Montezu ma ball, an annual function rivalling the fete of Mardi Gras. It was at Laguna township made up entirely of Indians, that the president was met by a local committee of In dians and where he had one of the most unique entertainments of his trip. As he sat in a little canopied stand in the plaza enclosed with adobe huts and walls, the president was showered with presents. There were blankets of gaudy color, Indian bread and other offerings which the red men had fashioned in his'honor. The plaza itself, the walls and thatched roofs of the adobe houses were lined with In dians, the squaws being attired in fantastic costumes which seemed all the brighter under the glare of an un clouded sun. And there was hardly a squaw in the pueblo that did not have a bright eyed, chubby faced little pap poose, either in her arms or swung in a hammock over her back. More lit tle Indian boys and girls were ar ranged in a long row to welcome the president and each carried an Amer ican flag. As the president was leav ing the plaza, after the weird niusic of the tom-toms had died away, and the last steps of the Apache dance had been taken by the gaudily bon neted braves, the little children sang a song of New Mexico. The president stopped several min utes to listen. The tune was that of "Maryland, My Maryland." From the plaza, crowded by a cu rious throng of Indians, the presi dent went to the church, an adobe building. In a little speech, spoken slowly and with emphasis on each syllable in or der that those who spoke English at all, might understand, the president assured the Indians of the good will of the government and urged them to be good farmers and good artisans. He was warmly applauded and every Indian wanted to shake his hands. These evidences of interest were unique coming from such a stolid race. In his address to the Indians, the president said: "I want to convey to the Laguna and Acoma Indians, who, I under stand, include those present, the good will of the government of the United States. I hope that the Indians whom I am addressing are working indus triously at the vocation which they know, agriculture, and in other branches of the industry. I hope that their flocks, their herds and all the products of the soil may be profit able to them, and that they may con tinue to live in comfort under the auspices of the government that is pledged to look after their welfare. I hope the children are being educated, so they may grow up to be good men and women and good citizens of the United States." The president was presented with an especially attractive Navajo blan ket for Mrs. Taft. It was woven by the same Indian squaw, Elle of Ge nado, who made the blanket which was presented to Mrs. Roosevelt at the time of the former President's visit to this city. In all of his speeches today the president again urged the people of Arizona and New Mexico to take their time and to de liberate in the formation of their new state constitutions once they have been admitted to the union. The president seems to take for granted that statehood is soon to come to the territories, althodgh he is careful to say that his authority is only of the executive and that the first action must come from the legis lative branch of the government. Postmaster General Hitchcock, who is accompanying the president through the southwest, in an address at Grand Canon last night paid a striking com pliment to the people of this section and declared that he hoped their am bitions for statehood soon would be realized. In his address to the people of New Mexico, the president said: "I am glad to see that you are or thodox in this community and believe in a future state. I might have had some other impression if I had not come through a territory yesterday that intimated to me that there were people on this side of the continent who had the same views that they had with reference to becoming a state cnd that they preferred to have each community work out its own salva tion. "Now, my friends, I might Just as well make the announcement now so as to relieve any doubt on the sub ject, that I was elected on a platform that declared in favor of the admis sion of New Mexico and Arizona as separate states and that so far as I can properly exercise any influence as the chief executive for, bear in mind, I am not the legislator, I expect to exercise that influence to carry out the promise of the platform on which I was elected. "You are looking forward to state hood as if it were heaven. Well, I venture to think that there will be considerable difference between heav en and that state after you become one. That you will have a great many responsibilities that you do not now have and a good many difficulties, the weight of burden of which you don't now appreciate. "There are quite a number of pre liminary steps that you have to take. You have to draft a constitution and that is going to affect the character of your state for years to come. And, I want that you shall have time and de liberation to make a good constitu tion and not harness yourselves with a lot of restrictions that will really interfere with the growth of your state. "Don't put into your constitution a provision as to the length of the linen sheets to be put in a hotel. It may be that they ought to be limited. It may be that they ought to be made of a certain size. I sympathize with that feeling myself. But the constitu tion is not the proper place to put it. You want to trust your legisla ture and you ought to follow the model of the constitution of some of the older states which have also modeled after the constitution of the United States. "An amendment to the constitution is a difficult thing as we are finding out now in attempting to amend the federal constitution. Therefore, put there only general principles and don't attempt to legislate every fad of every man who is voluble and gets into your constitutional convention. I CO1 E TO BILLINGS W E HAVE a bargain for you at the right price and on easy terms. Things are moving again, more sales in the past ten days than in six months be fore. i his means an advance in values very soon and you cannot afford to de lay. Let us sell you some town lots, acre tracts, a home, business building or a farm. We are -uying and selling real estate for everybody all the time, adding value to your property and would like to have your business. Come in. NORTH INVESTATE COMPANY Opposite Court House Billings, Montana THE GEISER STIM PLOW A. KUNK[L, General Agent, 1116 Ide Avenue, Spokane, Washington You can see this Plow now at work on F. W. Shauer ranch, three miles west of Laurel local Representative, G. W. MORRISON lOffice at Yegen Bros.' Implement Store P. O. Box 881 say this with a great deal of fervor, not as a partisan, not as a Republican or a Democrat, but in the interests of your state, as a state, whether yon vote the Republican or Democratic ticket. "I want, if we are responsible for your coming into the union as I am .willing to be and as the Republican party is willing to be, that you should justify that admission by making yourselves progressive, but at the same time a conservative community." Cook Will Climb to Top of Mount Again NEW YORK, Oct. 15.-Dr. Frederick A. Cook announced tonight that he will organize an expedition to ascend Mount McKinley and procure the records which he says were left there on his former ascent. This step will be taken to refute the charges set forth in the affidavit of Edward N. Barrill, the guide who accompanied him. CATTLE STEALING CHARGED. Samuel Garvin Arrested for Grand Larceny on Warrant from Caster. From Saturday's Daily. Charged with grand larceny, Sam uel Garvin, well known in this city, was yesterday afternoon arrested by members of the sheriff's office and on a complaint sworn out by James Per ry of Custer. He at once provided bail and will be given a preliminary hearing on October 20. It is alleged in the complaint that Garvin stole eight head of cattle be longing to Mr. Perry. and that six of the cattle are now in the corral of the P. B. Merrill Packing company in this city, whither, it is alleged, Gar vin brought and sold them. ZELAYA GETS NERVE. Is Mobilizing Government Forces to Resist Rebels. MANAGUA, Nicaragua, Oct. 15. The revolutionists are now in posses sion of Bluefields, Corinto, Freytown, Rivas, Cape Gracias, Rama and San Juan Del Norte. President Zelaya is mobolizing the government forces for an attack on the revolutionary forces at Rivas and San Juan Del Norte. The number of the adherents of the revolutionary leader, Juan Estrada, is not known.