DJry Farming COngress Proceedings in Friday's Isssue
THE SEMI-WEEKLY GAZETTE PRINTS THE NEWS OF THE WORLO---THE LOCAL NEWS OF BILLINGS AND VICINITY---STOCK REPORTS'
- The Billings Gazette. _
VOL.XXI BILLINGS, MONTANA, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1909. NO. 186
WITH BLAZE OF GLORY CONGRESS IS INAUGURATED
Splendid Showing Of
Dry Farm Products
Marvelous Development of Semi
Arid Land Cultivation Shown
By International Fair
OMPLETE in its every detail and
withal depicting in a manner
never before attained the mar
velous development made in the last
decade in the cultivation of crops on
semi-arid lands, the second annual ex
hibit of the International Dry Farm
ing Exposition opened its doors to
the public for a short time yester
To the practical dry farmer, to the
man who ..as pinned his faith in his
ability to harvest crops on, lands above
the irrigation canals, the exhthbit is but
the vindication of his hopes, the crown
ing achievement of what has unques
tionably been the (most successful
year in the history cf the dry farm
ing movement; to the skeptic, to the
man not k owing and believing and
therefore seeking for proof, and hap
pily this class is far in the minority,
the exhibit is a complete revelation,
and it is safe to say that of this latter
class none will leave the building un
PRESTON B. MOSS,
Chairman Montana Board of Control of Congress.
Former Premier Prince Ito Is
Victim of Murderous Korean
TOKIO, Oct. 26.-News has been re
ceived here that Prince Ito, the fa
mous statesman, has been assassin
ated by a Korean at Harbin.
The fateful news was received at
Tokio at 3 o'clock this afternoon. The
dispatch contained only the brief an
+ MONTANA WEATHER. +
4 Fair Tuesday and Wednes- *
* day; cooler Tuesday. 4
" 4 4,*4 ,4,4 4,4 4*
convinced in mind that the claims
made for dry farming have 'been most
fully substantiated and that a new era
of prosperity is dawning upon the
'Words fail to adequately depict the
marvels that nature, aided by the
scientific cultivation of the soil and
the conservation of moisture, has
brought forth from thse western
plains, which, less than 10 years ago,
were esteemed to be of no commercial
value other than as cattle and sheep
ranges. Where once the cattleman
and the flockmaster held their- un,
disputed sway now waving fields of
grain are harvested, gardens filled
with practically every staple variety
of vegetable flourish, even orchards
bearing apples, pears and plums
thrive; and the cream of these many
products is now to be found assembled
in the exhibit of the Dry Farming
congress in the huge wool warehouse
(Continued on Pear 4.
nouncement that the prince had been
assassinated. It has caused great
grief and consternation.
MINERS ARE STRANDED.
SEATTLE, Wash., Oct. 25.-One
hundred and fifty gold miners who
worked all summer on a big gild min
ing flume, forty miles from Haines,
Alaska, are stranded here, according
to a statement made by one of them.1
The company, which has headquarters
in Kansas City, paid the men their
wages, $100 to $300 to each man, in
checks on a Seattle bank, but the
company's balance is only 8 cents, and
the bank will not permit an overdraft.
MAGNIFICENT DISPLAY AMAZES THE
VISITORS TO DRY FARMING CONGRESS
- Agricultural Experts of the World Are Surprised at Wonder
ful Results of Dry Farming On Arid Lands
of the Far West
HE CORDIAL wind that blew
early yesterday morning was not
bringing in delegates, exhibitors,
auditors and spectators fast enough to
suit their desires to reach here, so a
gale was substituted and they came
in by thousands, and others are due
to arrive in further formidable num
bers by all trains that reach the city
up to noon today, in lesser numbers
throughout the week.
A little iron gray man, who came
here twenty-seven years ago, when
Billings had its birth, stood on a cor
ner for an hour last evening with
mouth unconsciously open. Never had
he seen such throngs within a kiven
space and never had he expected tol
see Billings such a populous place. 1
"This dry farmin'," he commented,'
"do beat all," and at that hour he had
not begun to see all.
The capacious hotels with whichl
Billings is equipped have been filled,
to their capacity, the yards are filling
with Pullman and private cars occu
pied by delegates and men of railroad
and agricultural prominence, the
rooming houses have been filled and
the private dwellings, the doors of
which have been thrown open by a
hospitable town folk, are filling.
Everyone seems to have obtained a
place of entertainment and to be well
satisfied with that place. Billings has
proved itself an able and gratifying
Men of national and international
prominence are among the guests as
sembled. Men who have brought forth
this dry farming idea from its in
ception, men who have developed the
idea by practical use of the method,
men who have contributed to the de
velopment through publicity, through
Large railroad shops.
Has population of 16,000.
Not a vacai: store in the city.
Not an empty building in town.
Largest city in eastern Montana.
The largest creamery in the statte.
Population of the county is 35,000.
Almost impossible to get a room at a hotel.
The largest cattle shipping point in Montana.
It is the terminus of the Burlington railroad.
It has eight banks, with deposits of $1,500,000.
Billings is the county seat of Yellowstone county.
It is the largest wool shipping point in the world.
It is the headquarters for the Dry Farming congress.
It is on the main line of the Northern Pacific railroad.
The largest foundry and machine shop In eastern Montana.
One of the largest brick manufacturing plants in the Northwest.
It has the third largest beet sugar factory in the United States.
Has the only packing house (government Inspected) in Montana.
One of the largest manufacturing planing mills in the Northwest.
Thirty miles of trackage, switches and turnouts in the railroad yards.
Preparing for the construction of an electric line to reach outlying towns.
Has in process of erection at the present time more than $600,000 worth of new buildings.
This city is the wholesale jobbing and distr uting point of eastern Montana for the Northwest.
It is the southern terminus of the Billings & Northern; southern extension of the Great Northern sys
A polytechnic Institute, with facilities for teaching 1,000 students, is just being completed, and the
school opened to the public.
It Is on a direct line from Alberta, Canada, to the Gulf of Mexico; from New York to Chicago; three
great transcontinental lines reaching the city.
Five hundred families desire to come to this city to take advantage of the higher educational facilities
as soon as the buildings to house them can be completed.
Is surrounded by the richest and most fertile agricultural lands. The apples raised in the vicinity of
Billings took prize at the World's Apple show at Spokane.
It is a modern town-sewered, electric lighted, plenty of good, pure water, cement sidewalks, and the
streets are now to be paved. It one of the oldest towns in eastern Montana.
The irrigated lands about Billings are supplied with water from the Yellowstone river, a navigable
stream; before the advent of the railway the only avenue of transportation to the East, Billings being then
the head of navigation.
More land susceptible to irrigation, within a radius of fifty miles of Billings, than any other city in
the United States.
legislation and other means, among
them small farmers, big farmers, fruit
growers, state legislators, congress
men, United States senators, gov
ernors, official representatives of
Canada and countries beyond the seas
--all with the idea of giving some
thing in information and taking away
a greater something in information.
"It is one of the greatest educational
movements of the age," commented
United States Senator Dixon.
The program that was to have had
its beginning at 2:30 yesterday after
noon was not carried out because of
unforseen delays. It was to have been
centered in the exposition hall, but
because of the inability of prominent
speakers to reach here and the non
arrival of certain exhibits, the open
ing was postponed until 8:30 this
morning, by courtesy of the com
mittee in charge. They program of
the day follows:
Despite the interruption in the pro
gram yesterday, the time was well
occupied by the arriving guests, main
ly in renewing and increasing ac
quaintances, in exchanging experi
NO TOUR THIS MORNING. 4
+ Delegates to the Dry Farm- +
+ ing congress will-be taken on 4
+ a tour of the city and surround- +
4 ing country every morning of 4
+ the current week, except this +
+ morning, the postponement to- +
+ day having been made neces- +
+ sary by the opening of the 4
. exposition and of the congress +
4 soon after.
4' 41$+++ +++ 4. +4+4
ences, in perfecting exhibits and in'
lobbying for the next congress. In
all of these things the board of con
trol and the various committees that
radiate therefrom were active in ex
tending the hospitable and helpful
hand in a way that brought forth
grateful expressions from the visitors.
The headquarters of the congress
in the Orpheum building, presided
over by John T. Burns, secretary, and
George E. Swan, superintendent of the
press bureau, and occupied by a large
number of clerks, was the mecca of
a stream of pilgrims bent on registra
tion from early morning until late at
night. Here the accommodation com
mittee has office, an office of impor
tance at the moment that discounts
the proverbial land office. Registered
and safely housed the delegates made
straight for the exposition, there to
open eyes in astonishment and mouth
in expression of that astonishment.
Senator Dixon's Battle,
United States Senator Joseph M.
Dixon of,Montana is scheduled for an
address this morning, but he came
yesterday because he has a deep
rooted interest in agricultural devel
opment here and elsewhere, but par
ticularly in the state, and regards dry
farming as one of his pet hobbies.
"I am naturally interested in dry
farming," he enthusiastically admitted.
"I learned of it first in the house five
years ago in a hearing of a plan to
increase the area of homesteads in
western Nebraska to 640 acres. In
the winter of 1903 and 1904 I heard of
Campbell's production of crops on a
fifteen-inch rainfall. I concluded that
if the claim of Campbell was true it
would probably mean more for Mon
tana than all of the various plans we
(Continued on Page 4,
Judge Says List Has
Been Tampered With
Judge Parmelee Sustains Motion Of
Defense to Quash Indictments of
Men Charged With Murder
(Special to The Gasette.)
B ASIN, Wyo., Oct. 25.-Today Judge
Parmelee sustained the motion
of the defense to quash in
dictments of the men charged with the
Spring Creek murder. Practically all
forenoon had been spent in argument
and it was about 2:45 o'clock when
the court handed down an oral order
to quash the indictments. In doing
this the judge said the only serious'
question to be considered in the plea
of abatement was that of exclusion of
a large number of names from the
The other questions set forth in
the plea merited little attention. The
effort to show 'that there were no cat
tlemen en the grand jury and that
no men from the east side of the river
had been chosen merited no atten
tion as the defendants had no right
to have any particular class of menI
chosen upon the jury. As far as the
participation 'of Sheriff Alston in the'
GOY. EDWIN L. NORRIS,
President International Dry Farming Congress.
Laurel Will Lock the Door and
Will Come in Force to Congress
Laurel will be in Billings in force
tomorrow, in fact the enterprising
and progressive people of the railroad
town will lock the town up tight and
will, every.man, woman and child not
confined to a sick bed, come to Bill
ings and take part in the entertain
ment of the host of delegates fromI
all parts of the world who are as
sembled for the sessions of the
fourth Dry Farming congress.
Laurel is in the habit of doing well
everything that it attempts, and when
Laurel starts out to have "Laurel"
day at the Dry Farming congress it
may be depended upon that every one
selection of a jury list is concerned,
the judge declared there was abso
lutely no proof that he did so. If
he had discussed the matter with the
commissioners it would not be unlaw
ful, as the commissioners had the
right to any information which they
might obtain and could get it from
any sources they saw fit to choose.
The only serious matter was wheth
er the commissioners performed their
duty. It would seem that some of
the members had given scant atten
tion to the work and not to the extent
that they should and to the extent the
public had a right to expect.
While the jury list contains a con
siderable number of names gone over
with reasonable care an equally large
number appears to have been left oft.
It is a serious matter, the judge said,
to have a list containing only one
half of the qualified jurors. It was
quite clear that the jury list had
been tappered with. No proof had
t Ontinlued on Page 4.,
at the congress will know not only
that Laurel is on the map but that It
is populated by hustlers as well.
Every business house in Laurel will
close its doors Wednesday and there
(Continued on Page ,
* WYOMING WEATHER. +
* Fair Tuesday and Wednes- *
* day; cooler Tuesday.
÷ ,...* 1
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