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The Billings gazette. [volume] (Billings, Mont.) 1896-1919, December 31, 1909, Image 1

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The Billings Gazette.
Party Lines Disappear Before Earn
estness of Billings Men and Legis
lature Votes for State Industries
(Special to The Gazette.)
ELENA, Mont., Dec. 30.--Montana's
capitol building will be con
structed of Montana granite. This
was decided by the legislature tonight.
Billings boosters carried the day. All
opposition melted before them.
Tonight at 6 o'clock the senate by
a vote of 13 to 8, adopted the measure
and 40 'minutes later the 'bill passed
the house by a vote of 50 to 2. The
governor signed the bill at 7:40 o'clock
The bill, as passed, increased the
appropriation $150,000 to provide for
the additional cost of Montana granite
and specifies that Treasure State
stone shall be used. This makes the
total appropriation for the wings of
the building $650,000.
It is the first time in the history
of the country, it is believed, that a
handful of men managed to call an
extra session of the legislature, and,
in the face of strong opposition, con
vert all opponents, changing antagon
ism to enthusiasm, leaving the capital
city fol:lowed by the cheers of the
Party lines disappeared tonight and
men who 'had fought the bill last night
were among the most ardent advocates
today. This was all the work of the
Billings boosters and everybody to
night gives credit to them for the
splendid work they have done.
The appeal to state pride was more
than the members of the legislature
could stand and the wings of the cap
itol will be constructed of the most
enduring stone of the mountains of
The Billings crowd left tonight for
the metropolis of eastern Montana
with the best wishes of all. It was
the general verdict that they are the
li.ei;est, most determined and hardest
fighters in the state and that Mon
tana owes them a debt for their ef
fective crusade against the non
patronage of Montana materials.
The bill passed carries this contin
gency, however, "that if suitable gran
ite building stone can not be obtained
at a price which will insure the com
pletion of said wings 'within the
amount of such additional bond issue,"
the extra $150,000 is not to be used
and the wings will be constructed of
Bedford limestone under the terms of
the existing contract.
The Republican senate, hammered
and stormed at by a public opinion,
which hourly grew and insistently de
manded that Montana material be
used, weakened and passed the bill
by a vote of 13 to 8.
It was then transmitted to the
house, which rLshed it through and
within 55 minutes from the time when
it was received had been sent 'back to
the senate, concurred in.
The vote was 50 for concurrence, 2
against and 19 absent. The two "no" n
votes in the house were both cast by a
- _ _ -. -. I
Railroad is Defrauded
Through the Sale of
Trip Passes
T. PAUL, Dec. 30.-Extensive frauds
in the disposal of trip passes,
whereby the Great Northern Rail
road company, it is said, has lost from
$125,000 to $150,000 a year for sev
eral years, became known today
through the arrest of Paul Cardon, a
saloonkeeper, on the charge of ille
gally disposing of some of the passes.
President Louis W. Hill of the Great
Northern refused to talk about the
matter except to say that none of the'
officials of the company is implicated.
From the police, who assisted spe
cial agents for the railroad in mak
ing the arrest, it was learned that
several employes of the railroad com
pany were about to be arrested, and
that one employe in the maintenance
of way department had confessed con
nection with the affair and will assist
the company in its investigations.
+ Fair in east Friday and prob- ,
* ably Saturday. +
Oo. f + + f
Republicans (Safely cf Gallatin and
Wood of Meagher).
At 7:17 o'clock the house adjourned
sine die, and four minutes later the
senate did likewise, and at 7:23 the
enrolled bill was delivered to Gov
ernor Norris in his office by Senator
McCone, chairman of the enrolling
Governor Norris took the bill and
after spending a few minutes in care
fully going over its provisions ap
proved it at 7:35. This morning he
approved house bill No. 1 by Kilgal
Ion, appropriating $8,000 in all to the
publicity department of the bureau of
agriculture and labor, and thus, on
the fourth day of the extraordinary
session the business for which the
11th assembly had been convened was
Those who Noted for the bill in the
Annin, Cardwell, Cockrell, Donlan,
Everett, Haviland, Kessler, Long,
Muffly, McCarthy, Romney, Sanders,
Those who voted against the bill:
Cowgill, Edwards, Fairbanks, Met
calf, McCone, McDonnell, Selway,
Absent: Albright, Conrow, Meyer,
Rae, Truscott.
The first evidence that the Repub
lican senate was receding from its
position in favor of foreign stone, and
that the stress of public opinion was
being felt, came last night when the
upper house, after having killed the
MacGinniss bill providing for the use
of Montana stone, acceded to the re
quest of the house by a close vote
and named a conference committee
consisting of Donlan, Everett (not
Edwards, as was printed) and Mc
Carthy to meet the house committee
of McGinniss, Crutchfield and Werner
to confer with the board of exam
During the night the sentiment for
Montana stone increased, for by a
rising vote of 11 to 9 the senate this
President a Guest at
The Marriage of
His Niece
EW YORK, Dec. 30.--Miss Louise
Walbridge Taft, daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. Henry W. Taft and
niece of the president, was married
this afternoon in the home of her pa
rents to George W. Snowden of Se
Invitations were limited because of
the recent death of Mrs. Horace D.
Taft, an aunt of the bride. President
Taft attended the ,wedding, but Mrs.
Taft's 'health did not permit her to
make the journey. The president was
accompanied by his daughter, Miss
helen Taft, and by his sons, Rdbert
and Charles.
The ceremony was performed in a
room decorated with palms and hung
with mistletoe and holly. The bride
was attended only by Miss Margaret
Lowe, her school girl chum, as maid
of honor.
The ushers included her brothers.
RIev. I)r. G. H. Berry, rector of the
Church of St. Mary the Virgin, offi
Mr. Snowden, who has extensive
business interests in the Northwest.
was graduated from Sheffield Scien
tific school in 1899. He and his bride
have been acquainted since they were
SALT LAKE CITY, Dec. 30.-The
temporary injuction granted by the
district court restraining members of
the plumbers' union now on strike
from interfering with non-union plum
bers was made permanent today, but
with several modifications. The para
graph of the restraining order forbid
ding the strikers entering premises
where non-strikers are employed and
interfering with them at their work
is oontinued in force. Instead of ap
plying to the entire membership of the
local union, the permanent injunction
is addressed to three individual mem
bers, charged with specific acts of vio
If the union. Judge Ritchie said in
morning adopted the report of the
conference committee recommending
such a measure as was passed today.
Through its chairman, Mr. Donlan,
the joint committee introduced the
bill agreed upon in the resolution.
Donlan moved for suspension of the
rules so that the bill might be con
sidered, read at length, and this being
done, it ,was referred to the committee
on finance and claims. Later this
committee reported, recommending
(Continued on Page Four.)
Polite Suggestion From Mexican President Causes Him to
Shut up Like a Clam---Mexican Government Has
In no Way Recognized Dr. Madriz
EXICO CITY, Dec. 30.-That
President Diaz today gave Jose
Santos Zelaya a little friendly
e advice in regard to talking to news
e paper representatives and whispering
t in his ear that it would be wise for
him to refrain from expressing his
opinions too freely, was admitted by
Zelaya's secretary tonight, when he
returned a card to a newspaper man
r with the remark that the ex-dictator
t of Nicaragua had just adopted a
policy of refusing to be interviewed
and would have nothing more to say
for publication for six days. Why six
days was named he would not ex
Zelaya called on the chief execu
tive of Mexico today. Up to that time
he received every newspaper man
who called at the hotel. After the
meeting it was as if a wide gulf had
opened between him and the corre
spondents. Refusing to see one re
porter, Zelaya, through his secretary,
told him that he wished to avoid
being the means of bringing Mexico
into the controversy in any way, and
that, if he further discussed matters
his statements might he construed
with such a result.
Zelaya's visit to the national palace
lasted half an hour. He was received
by President Diaz in the green room.
The introduction was made by Lieu-!
tenant Colonel Cuellara, an aide of
President Diaz, and not by the ofi
cial introducer of ambassadors.:
Hence the meeting was devoid of offi
cial character and Zelaya was re
ceived as a private citizen.
The titular president was accom
panied to the palace by Francisco
Castro, Nicaraguan minister, and
Roberto Bone, a son-in-law and for
merly jefe politico of Granada.
Zelaya and Diaz chatted for sev
eral minutes, and then Colonel Cuel-;
lara withdrew. It is believed that
after Zelaya tendered his thanks for
the kindness of President Diaz in
allowing him asylum on the Mexican
gunhoat. Central American affairs in
general were discussed.
Zelaya was occupied the greater <
part of the day in driving about the
banding down his opinion, in good
faith discourages unlawful acts, as it
has done since the temporary injunc
tion was issued, no further order will
be necessary. Any further violence,
however, will compel the court to take
summary action.
The strike began on .lune S and is
for higher wages.
PARIS, Dec. 30.-Reports that MI.
Fallieres, president of France. was ill.
and that a specialist had been called
in consultation, were officially de
clared tonight to be false. The presi
dent spent the day hunting at Ram
Horrible Brutality Is
Practiced in
TLANTA, Ga., Dec. 30.-ln an offi
cial investigation of the city
prison, known as the "Stockade,"
today, oharges were made that white
women were hung on the wall of a
cell room as though crucified, with
extended arms; that at least one at
tempt was made to whip a woman;
that prisoners were used to do work
for private citlzens; that the prison is
a filthy place, unworthy of holding
even animals; that there has been
graft and that barbarous cruelties are
practiced there.
A grand jury recently indicted Su
perintendent Vining and two guards on'
charges of cruelty.
Ruby Galther, 19 years old, told how
she was hung up by the wrists until
she fainted. She saw other women
(Continued on Page Four.)
capital to various points of interest,
including Chepultepeq, the summer
home of President Diaz. On the drive
he was accompanied by Minister
To a friend today the Nicaraguan
ex-president said that after he had
'been in Mexico two or three months
he would go to Belgium, and at Brus
sels personally superintend the edu
cation of his children. When he was
receiving his early education, Zelaya
spent much time in Belgium. His
parents were people of wealth in
Nicaragua and their son was edu
cated in Belgium and France. It was
in France that Zelaya acquired his
Would Refuse to
Recognize the
d IASHINGTON, Dec. 30.-The situa
' tion in Nicaragua presents some
S diplomatic niceties in relation to
S!the propriety of recognizing the gov
ernment of Madriz by the Central
iAmerican states. In the opinion of the
officials of the state department,
President Madriz should receive no
recognition on the part of Central
American republics beyond that which
: would be accorded a leader of a fac
i ion.
Because of the close relations main
tained by Zelaya with Honduras, it is
expected that government may be fore
most in doing anything that would
tend to strengtthen the authority of
Madriz, but there would be great sur
prise should such action be taken by
Mexico without previous understand
ing with the United States. It is ex
pected that as the United States is the
only government that has broken off,
official relations with Nicaragua. there
would be no occasion for special
recognition on the part of Central
American republics were Madriz
'elected president under ordinary con
ditions, as diplomatic relations with
'that nation could be continued as
But, in view of the statement that
\ladriz merely headed one of two fac
tions and was elected by what has
been declared to be a "packed con
gress." conditions should, in the opin
ion of the officials here, be stable be- 1
fore recognition is given him by other 4
Central American governments. Ru- i
mors that Admiral Kimball would be
reprimanded for having called upon i
Madriz at Managua were denied by 1
Assistant Secretary of State Wilson.
Assistant Secretary of the Navy
Winthrop characterized the rumor as I
baseless. t
Admiral Kimball. according to the {
officials, has made no report of his l
call upon Madriz. although he an- c
nounced to Washington his intention i
to inspect conditions at Managua. c(
Actuated by Fixed Desire to Destroy
Competition It Has Practiced
Wicked and Unfair Methods
W ASHINGTON, D. C., Dec. 30.-In
a printed brief of 268 pages,
Attorney General Wickersham
and his special assistant, J. C. Mc
I'Reynolds, today presented to the su
preme court of the United States the
case of the government in the St.
Louis tobacco trust cases, which will
be argued next week in that court.
The cases were tried in the United
I States circuit court for the southern
district of New York which, after dis
fluent command of the French lan
r guage, and there also he learned
Madriz Not Recognized.
MANAGUA, Dec. 30.-The Mexican
I governemnt has in no way recognized
Jose Madriz as president of Nica
Telegrams that have passed be
tween President Diaz and President
Madriz were of a personal character.
President Madriz himself does not
construe them as a formal recogni
tion of his incumbency.
The presidential reception on Tues
day was attended by the official rep
resentatives of all nations except the
United States, and the Nicaraguan
administration does not see why
formal official recognition from any
country except the United States
should be made. A delegation from
Granada today visited Minister Baca
and pledged support.
Congress today conferred authority
on the executive to abolish the to
hacco and alcohol monopolies, in
demnifying private stockholders for
loss of their holdings. which now be
come the property of the state. Reve
nues from these monopolies, which
netted as high as 14 per cent monthly,
are to be used for the payment of the
interest on the English loan, which
went toward the enrichment of rela
tives and friends of Zelaya.
This action, the forerunner of the
Sabolition of all monopolies, was re
ceived with tremendous enthusiasm.
The session was tempestuous through
out. Deputy Gomez, a Zelaya adher
ent, who opposed the project, was
hooted more vehemently than yester
day when he spoke in opposition of
the authorization of further war
taxes. There were cries of "Bandit,"
"Outlaw" and "Disgorge."
Gomez finally lost his temper and
hurled a glass of water in the face
of a tormentor in the public gallery.
Guards were called in and ejected all
except the deputies.
A vote of thanks was proposed to
Andrew Carnegie on the strength of
a dispatch from the United States
published here quoting him ready to
(Continued on Page Four.)
SALT LAKE CITY. Dec. 30.-The
authorities of the Mormon church can
celled today the contract under the
terms of which Harry Lauder. Scotch
comedian, and company were to have
given an entertainment in the Mor
mon tabernacle next Wednesday after
noon and night. Presiding Bishop
Charles W. Nibley, who signed the
original contract, said today:
"Since the contract was signed we
have learned that a part of the en
tertainment consisted of a female im
personation by a member of the com
pi.ny. We have seen sonme pictures
of this act and. while it may be re
fined in every way, we feel that it is
one that can not be given in the tab
missing the petition as to foreign
tobacco companies, and some of the
subordinate American companies, ad
judged the others to be parties to an
unlawful conspiracy and enjoined
them from continuing their opera
tions and from engaging in interstate
The attorney general takes the posi
tion that the findings, sweeping as
they seem to have been, were not
broad enough, and he asks the su
preme court to extend them so as to
widen their scope to take in foreign
companies and some individuals re
lieved from the operation of the ver
dict. Many other extensions of the
judgment are also requested.
After showing that in 1890 competi
tion was free, the various concerns
are traced in the document and facts
are given to show that the combina
tion has grown until its combined
assets amount to $400,000,000.
It is asserted that the concern man
ufactures all the cigarettes for ex
ports and almost three-fourths of the
smoking tobacco and of cigarettes for
domestic sale, more than three
fourths of the plug, twist and fine-cut
tobacco. and almost all of the snuff
and little cigars that are made.
It is declared that "defendants per
sistently exercised duress, have prac
ticed wicked and unfair methods, and
used their great power in oppressive
Further, it is asserted that they
have been actuated by a fixed pur
pose to destroy competition and to
obtain monopolies. Competitors have
gradually disappeared, and the com
bination, now strongly entrenched,
unduly restricts the business of those
in the trade and prevents others from
entering, it is declared.
Putting aside, for the time, the
effect of the Sherman anti-trust law,
under which the suit was brought, it
is asserted that the combination
under the name of the American To
Steamer Drifting Of
Carolina Capes
EAUFORT. N. C.. Dec. 30.-The
Southern Pacific line steamer
Excelsior, Captain Birney, which
sailed from New York Wednesday for
New Orleans, is drifting about. 40
miles north of Diamond shoals light
ship, showing two black balls, the
signal that she is not under control.
Nina in Distress.
I!EAI'FORT. N. C., Dec. 30.-An un
known steamer appeared off Beaufort
late today, showing her colors at half
mast and union down, signifying that
she was in distress. The Fort Macon
life saving station crew immediately
put off to the vessel to ascertain if
they could render any assistance.
The vessel turned out to be the
U'nited States navy steamer Nina, ten
der of the submarine torpedo boat
Octopus, and in command of Boat
swain John F. Croghan, bound from
Charleston for the Norfolk navy yard.
The life saving crew, when it
reached the Nina, was informed that
she had dropped anchor for the night
on account of the severe weather.
PORTLAND, Ore., Dec. 30.-A slight
earthquake shock was felt here at
4:23 p. nm. today.
ernacle. We have reason to believe
that the manager of the show would
have been willing to cut out some of
the acts. Yet, we did not want the
word to go out to the world that the
Mormon tabernacle had been used for
a vaudeville performance."
--- -4+---
NEW ALBANY, Ind., Dec. 30.--:Mrs.
Pearl Armstrong, charged with the
murder of her husband. George Arm
strong, was hound over to the grand
jury without bail today. Mrs. Arm
strong seemed not to be affected by
the .estimony of witnesses that she
systematically administered poison to
her husband.
;n bacco company was illegal when it
e was entered into in 1890, because it
i- was contrary to the common law.
n Contending for the right of congress
d to enact anti-trust legislation, it is
r- asserted that the essential purpose
eof the Sherman law is to prevent in
jury, not merely to reverse a course
i- of conduct.
is The attorney general also lays
)t down the general proposition that
r- "the right freely to buy, sell and
o transfer property is not a funda
n mental civil -right to he exercised
without limitation as interested par
ties may determine." and he adds the
e assertion that "it is subordinate to
public policy and the lawfully ex
pressed will of congress."
a Coming to specific instances rela
s tive to operations of the trust, it is
- eclared that substantially all estab
d lished jobbers in New England were
induced to throw out independent
- products, as were those of Phila
delphia, New York and many other
e specified places.
r It is asserted that independent job
- bing in New York was destroyed by
t the organization of the Metropolitan
f Tobacco company, which was given
an exclusive agenicy for the sale of
- trust goods.
It is also asserted that bushwhack
I ing methods were resorted to in the
use of union labels, and the methods
in this proceeding is denounced as
"iniquitous," and one such as is "in
hibited by a divilized conscience."
Indeed, it is declared that the record
contains much evidence and a vast
deal of correspondence concerning
operations of these bushwhacking
companies which disclose amazing
depravity and show with clearness.
how these sinister agencies were ef
fectively utilized.
Advertising methods of the trust
were referred to as a means of influ
encing both business and public
sentiment, and it is said that not less
than $10,000,000 were spent in this
way in 1906.
The attorney general interprets the
complaint as not merely directed to
the acquisition and ownership of
stocks or other property, ,but- as
against the company's operations in
"Competition has been persistently
destroyed; scores of contracts have
retired successful men from the
trade; many have been forced out;
and the necessary result of the plan
long followed has been to give de
fendants power to t.xclude others and
exercise monopoly," it is declared.
He seems inclined to the view that
a receiver should be appointed for the
business of parties to the combina
tion, and he adds:
"The very existence of certain de
fendants is criminal and certainly
they can not rightfully complain be
cause restrained from carrying out
the unlawful purpose of their crea
tion: they are wilfully in positions
where every act is a transgression."
Telegraphers Will Not
Strike on the
Big Four
CINCINNATI, Dec. 30.--A compro
mise has been reached between
telegraphers of the Big Four rail
road and the management of the road.
and all immediate danger of a strike
has been removed. This is the re-.
suit of a conference today between
the telegraphers' committee and Gen
eral Manager Van Winkle.
The basis of the agreement rests on
agreement for an investigation of all
stations on the systems and an in
crease in pay where increased work is
shown. The original demand was for
a uniform 20 per cent increase. The
telegraphers' committee wtll remain
in conference with Manager Van Win
kle, that the new schedule may be per
fected and other points in the contro
versy settled, but it is believed that
there will be no further friction.
+ Cloudy Friday; Saturday
+ snow or rain. 4

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