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THEANACONDA STANDARD. SUNDAY MORNING MARCH 19, 1893.
THESAD STORY RETOLD Historyof Court Last ud MM^fcsjMMl MULVANY'SGREAT PICTURE HowIt Was Painted and Haw It^Looks^Accurate In Dotall^^Critiolams and^Comments. Bum,Mart* IB.^John Ifutvaay. the^artlat. whose treat painting of ^Custer's^Last Rally^ ia on exhibition at Mavutre'a^opera house, had a personal acquaintance^with the brave Cuater, and spent aerei^years in Montana and on the battleground^of the little Big Horn, at the forts, among^the frontiersmen, soldiers and Indiana,^for the purpose of sketching the picture^from reality, or the beet that could be got^of it. He spent much time among Reno's^soldiers, and learned all there was to^learn of that noroio and memorable last^rally, and the result was a wonderful^painting, both artistically and historically^correct. The vast canvas presents a pain^^fully real and overwhelming picture of^1 hat awful struggle in the midst of terrific^lighting. Some 60 figures are there la full^liniah and detail and of Ufa else, ia the^middle, and many times that number over^tlie rest of the ground, and swarms of^savage Sioux in their war bonnets, fran^^tic, mostly on pontes, driving through the^background, through smoke, like a hurri^^cane of demons. Many of the figures^are wonderful. Custer stands In the^middle with dilated aye and extended^arm, aiming a huge cavalry pistol and^fighting to tba death, and one can almost^hear the echo of his famous ^Conn on, boys,corns on; we'll whip h1 out of them. His horse is superbly drawn, snd^lull of firs and action. Captain Cook,^wounded and bloody, half kneeling, is^noar Cuater, cooly aiming his revolver.^The dead and the dying soldiers and In^^diana ; the slaughtered horses used for^breastworks, all inexpressibly dreadful^and real, yet with an attraction and^lieauty that impresses itself indelibly^upon the memory. The great artist con^^centrated upon that awful carnage his^gmius, the eye sees nothing but the fig^^ures engaged in that desperato struggle,^and the necessary landscape on the pic^^ture la but an Incident to the great work.^Lesser artists would have painted an^elaborate laodscabe and mads the battle^none an incident. Mulvany painted^Custer and bis last rally. Manywho ess the painting express sur^^prise and disappointment to see Custer's^famous long hair missing, but even in^that tba picture is historically correct,^although It Is not generally known that^just before be started on the fatal expedi^^tion hs complied with a sentimental and^oft made request of Mrs. Custer and had^his hair cut He mads a trip to Bismarck^for the pnrposs and when shorn of his^famous locks be had his photograph^taken. From that photograph presented to^Mr. Mulvany by Captain McDougall^of the Seventh cavalry, than stationed at^Fort Hayes, Standing Rock agency, the^picture of Custer, ss it appears on the^^tainting, was taken by the artist. On that^fatal day, too^an unusual thing^Custer^wore a buckskin suit, which is faithfully^lKMTtraysd on the painting, and hs wore^the only sabre carried by the troop that^day, which is another notices bis fact on^the picture. Mr.Mulvany's intimate knowledge of^Custer's brilliant career from the time be^forded the Cbickahotuany river to his last^rally on the Little Big Horn makes a^thrilling story, and introduces a number^of interesting facts unknowu to the pub^^lic Mr. Mulvany holds a theory that ia^Mtmewhat startling, la that he blames^General Grant for Custer's frightful end^nnd the disaster attending it. Early in^1M7U it was determined by the government^to make war u|m^n the hostile Sioux, then^presumably under Sitting Bull. General^Terry, who waa in command of the de-^I nnnient, was ordered to cooperate with^General Crook, who waa to move upon the^hostiles from Fort Russell, near Chey^^enne. A small column from the North^^west was also to cooperate. The column^under General Terry was forming at Fort^Lincoln, under the direction of General^Custer, and that officer was designated by^Generals Sherman and Sheridan to its^command. The reason for this waa purely^Custer's former brilliant handling of^tlio Indian troubles in Southern Kansas^and on the Washita. He was recognised^as the boat Indian fighter of the day by^the forein st generals of the army. But^while he was bard at work organising for^the campaign he was summoned to Wash^^ington aa a witness to testify es to some^irregularities in the war department. He^went to Washington, appeared before the^congressional investigating committee,^nuswered their questions and at once^sought to return to his command at Fort^Lincoln. Etiquette demanded that be^should see ami take leave of the presi^^dent, and also General Sherman, then^general of the armies, superceding Gen^^eral Grant. President Grant refused to^soe General Custer. Three times be called^at the white bouse, but was each time^^^^ unpolled to wait for hours, nor did a let^^ter he wrote to the president have any^better result. Custer learned that the f(residentwas incensed against him for^mving testified, und hence his persistent^efforts to have an interview ana diaahuso^the president's mind of prejudice against^him. The questions that Custer an^^swered before the committer, however,^were only corroborative. Numbers of^others had answered questions and the^consensus of the inquiry would have im^^peached General Belknap, secretary of^war; Babcock. the president's private^secretary, had they not resigned. Orville^Grant, the president's brother, alno en^^gaged in the conspiracy, carried the stain^almost to the seat of the president. The^aiain was the traffic in autlarships^winch pervaded the army, and which^was enginecied by Mrs. Belknap, wholly^unknown to the secretary of war or Pres^^ident Grant. All this led tba Utter to be^^lieve that General Custer was anxious to^rune to Washington to toll something^that might injure the administration.^Tailing to see the president. Custer called^on General Sherman. That officer had^left suddenly for New York. Custer,^therefore, took the train for the W-*st. and^arriving in Chicago, found a dispstch^ordering him to report to General Sheri^^dan, a bo bad heatlquarters in tli at city.^Sheridan, it seems, had receiver/i a dis^^patch to hold General Custer in Chicago^f ir I urthrr orders, and stating lbs t he was^not justified ill leaving Washing-.on with^^out seeing has president. Tte coin-^iiiandi-r-iti*^hirf of the army was de-^ti i mined to have a little petty revenge on^tin unfortunate by the use of red tape. It^v an ordered that the expedition ftom^l ort Lincoln should proceed witiemt him.^lie was finally allowed, however, to ac-^^ ^inpany his own regiment a lien the col^^umns moved on the campaign. Asteamer proeeeded un the Missouri^river and thenee up the Yellowstone, ear-^rving provisions nnd General Te.-ry and^BtaiE The savalry nnd infantry marched,^ki'liing abreast of the steamer. The In^^dians acre supposed to be sonsrahere aroundthe headquarters of the^As the column advanced toward the sup^^posed Indian rendesvous a so mi ling party whore- heavyleading^ml waasent out under Major Reno,^ported having found a fresh an^trail on the Upper Rosebu 1, and^towards the Little Big Horn.^Terry sent Cuater out upon the trait, giv^^ing him discretionary power either to^attack the enemy or await the arrival of^Terry or Gibbon. Having struck the trail^on the upper Rues bud after three days'^march. Custer's scouts reported that the^Indiana were in the valley of the Little Big^Horn. He erusssrt the dlride between the^Rosebud and the Utile Big Horn by day^^light the following morning. June 36th,^found himself on one of the email tributa^^ries of tlie latter. He divided his com^^mand, placing three companies under Ma^^jor Reno, three under Captain Ben teen,^one under Captain McDougall to guard^the pack train, and taking five companies^himself. As they descended the valley a^few Indians wars seen, and it was deter*^mined as they could not surprise the vil^^lage, to advance to the attack at once.^Reno was ordered forward to eroea tba^little Big Horn and charge the head of the^Indian village, Benteen to move wall to^the left and rapidly feel if there were any^of the enemy above them, and If not, to^Join Reno in bis fight, which would by that^time necessarily be oa. Those movements^were not only to feel the enemy but to^mask tba mora important movement that^Custer waa about to make, which was to^strike the center or lower part of tba vil^^lage, white the attention of the Indians^would be called, first, to Reno's attack^and then to Benteen'a coming to hie sup^^port, should ha have dona so. Custer's^Idea was to charge the Indians with terifie^force. He lost considerable time In his^effort to got through tba hills before ha^found the crossing, and banco his ultimate^destruction. Had Reno made a charge^down the village and then retreated to the^timber. If forced to do so, hs would have^carried out to the letter his orders from^Custer, and a victory for the troops would^have followed, but ha halted in the timber,^and Benteen, after he departed from the^main command, scouted leisurely up the^river for a few miles and then returned^and met Reno on the hills after hie re^^treat, snd instead of going to Custer's as^^sistance remained with Reno. Shortly^afterwarde Captain McDougall cams in^with packs, and there tho aeven squadrons^remained within sound of Custer's firing^all afternoon without making any effort to^reinforce him or come to bis assistance in^any way. A high authority in Washington^had so humiliated the unfortunate Custer^that it became possible for subordinates^to disobey his orders on the field of battle.^The ignominious and cowardly flight of^Reno snd bis command is a matter of fa^^miliar history. Tlie heroic fight of Custer^and his men that day is equally familiar.^The few bravo fellows that were left alive^when lie made bia Inst rally gathered^around their beloved commander and re^^solved to die as only brave men can die-^lighting to the last. They shot^their horses and made breastworks of^them, end the dauntless fellows defended^their position on the hilltop for hours, un^^til nearly sundown, before they were all^killed. Had Cuater been in Reno's place^and Sheridan In Custer's the history of^that bloody day would have been written^in different colors. Mr.Mulvany tolls, from his personal^recollections of the event, a story ot^Custer, which showed the daring character^of the man. It waa at the battle of A Idle,^Virginia. Custer was sent with a dispatch^from General Plsasanton to the com^^mander of the union cavalrymen that the^enemy was about to charge and to be in^readiness to repell it. Custer delivered^his message ana no sooner had hs dona^so than hs noticed a movement on the^part of the enemy. Presently ha saw^tbsm rushing forward at a mad pace, and^tlien the latent genius of the man wss^aroused to a frensy. He well knew that^tba momentum of that charge would^smash his entire Unas,ware they to remain^passirs and rely upon their firs. In^^stantly ha galloped to the front of the^lines, and drawing his long Toledo blade,^yelled: ^Come on boys, come on I^Charge! We'll whip h- out of them I^^Kllpatrick and a number of other gallant^officers were In command of the troopers,^and seised with the enthusiasm of Custer,^shouted to their men to ^Come on, boys,^come on.^' The man wavered and^wouldn't move, but Custer in his wild an*^tbusiasm, waving his sword, rushed down^the lines yelling again and again: ^Come^on boys, coma on! We'll whip h^ out of^them!^ The officers rushed after Custer,^enthused by bis heroism, yelling in^turn to their troops to ^Come^on, boys, come on.^ Presently tlie^troopers took up the enthusiasm^snd with a wild yell away they went,^charging like mad men toward the enemy.^The golden curls and straw bat of Custer^were their beacon light in this, tbeir first^heroic charge. Presently the wearer of^that straw hat and golden curls was slash^^ing away at the enemy right in tbeir^midst. The troopers saw the desperate^odds against tho heroic fallow, and fren-^tied to desperation, they plunged forward^to the rescue. They no longer needed^their own officers to arouse them to some^of the mo.-t desperate fighting of the war.^That straw bat and blonde curia, ever in^the thickest of the fight, waa tbeir war^cry. Wherever that Toledo blade waa^seen flashing the troopers would rush to^the rescue, and so enthused did they be^^come with tlie glory of the mad fight that^they routed the enemy, driving them back^upon their artillery and infantry for aup-^port. Custer came out of tba battle un^^scathed. JohnMulvany, the painter of ^Custer's^Last Rally,^ waa born In Ireland and^talks like a Rhinelander. He came to^America wben 12 years of age and pur^^sued art studies in New York. During the^war be waa on the battlefields at the front^sketching the details of battle scenes, and^it is this fact which gives to his work so^much realism of terrible fighting. After^the close of the war he went to Europe and^continued hie studies in the boat art^schools. Mr. Mulvany lias executed many^works of a high order of artistic merit.^Hia ^Trial of a Horse Thief.^ ^A Com^^rade's Appeal,^ ^Love's Mirror,^ ^The^Cavaly Fight at the Battle of Aughrlm,^^^Custer's Last Rally,^ and ^MrPhereon^and Revenge,^ Logan rousing his men to^heroic efforts at the great ^Battle of At^^lanta,^ after the death of McPboraon. are^among the most striking exsmplea of his^work. Ifnod's Care.^In saying that Hood's Sarsapari!la cures,^its proprietors make no idle or extravagant^claim. Statements from thousands of re^^liable people prove that Hood's Cures, Hood'sPillh assist digestion. Bargainsin silverware during Leys,' the^Jeweler's, removal sale. Owsley block. REMARKABLE OFFER 1Library for Every Fully lot u^Easy Possibility. THEPUBLISHER'S STATEMENT ItRequires no Extravagant Lan^^guage to Emphasise tho Offer^Whloh la Mada to the Read^^ers of ^Tho Standard. Asannounced on another page, 10 cento^a day will enable the subscribers to the^Standard to acquire a complete sat of^that hast of all reference libraries, tba^Encyclopedia Britannia*. This offer^stands without parallel, an opportunity^never before presented in Montana. Formore than 100 years the Asryolope-^dlm Briiannie* has been accepted tba^world over as the moat complete and bast^compendium of information upon any^and every subject. The last or ninth edi^^tion of thia incomparable work has bean^before the world for over 16 years, and ia^the United States IS years ia a long time. Butthe edition of the Encyclopedia^which is offered to tba readers of tho^Standard for 10 cents a day ia consistent^with the newspaper and this city, for It is^up to date. Ata rary large expense a careful^revision was made by eminent scholars^and specialists of authority, woo have^added the 16 years necessary to bring the^encyclopedia up to the present tiros. Outsideof these addenda and this re^^vision It is identically the same ss the^Edinburgh edition of tho ^Encyclopedia^Britannice^^a fae-aimlle; not a copy, but^11ns for line and page for page the same^ss that edition and of tba full number of^volumes. Thisinclusion of 16 years necessitated^a complete new est of maps, which were^provided after $30,000 had been ex^^pended on the plates. So far^as the present day is concerned^toe maps in tlie original ^Encyclopedia^Britannica^ are faulty, especially^the maps of this country: for the laat de^^cade has wrought marvelous changes In^the features of the western hemisphere.^Cities have developed from cross-road vil^^lages, railroads nave stretched their steel^fingers into what was wilderness nnd un^^inhabited plain In years ago. But the^maps in this modernised edition show the^new cities, tbe now railroads, new states^and new countries, not only on this but^on the other side of the world. Typographicallyand mechanically con^^sidered, this new edition of tbe Encyclo^^pedia Britannica la consistent witb tbe^high character of the Encyclopedia Itself.^Tbe volumes are bound in four different^atylaa sach a triumph in the book-bind^^er's art. Thebinding ia witb a double flexible^back, tba same as tbe Oxford teachers'^Bible, and Is capable of standing the^hardest usage. An excellent quality of^paper is used, and tba type is clear and^legible. The illustrations and maps are^well executed and of a high standard in^every respect. Broad margins for copious^marginal notes and references are allowed^to each page, in short, the word of tba^Standard for it, the encyclopedia ia fit to^adorn tba shelves of any library. Tbeextraordinary terms announced on^another page, upon which tho modernised^Encyclopedia Britannica will be supplied^to readers of the Standard, are only for^such readers. Rememberthis fact. Itis an sxclusivs privilege. Tbeprice of the Edinburgh edition ia^$300. The ordinary selling pries of tho^modernised edition ie considerably less^than half, but tba readers of tba Standard^can liave it at a atlll further reduction,^which will make the cost to them about^one-fourth of tbe reduced price. Further^^more, it can be paid for at tbe rata of 10^cents a day. TbeStandard invites the most critical^investigation, tho closest scrutiny. It^standa ready to back its offer with Its^word, and its word with its reputation as^a fair and square newspaper. TbaConnetl Co. have the finest lot of^silks and dress goods ever brought to^Butte City. Tbeir stock of wash dress^goods, satins, ginghams and calicoes ia^larger, fullsr snd better than ever secured^before. TelephoneNo. tSB Forwood or coal in any quantity. Peter^Nadeau, m Last Park. Sixyards of 38-inch, old style English^Cobourgand \%yards brocaded or change^^able ailk, a moat suitable combination for^a dress pattern, ought to be worth more^than $2.96, yet Courtenay, Case 4 Gravelle^X'o. offer you Just that much. Thehandkerchief sals at M. J. Con-^nell's on Monday and Tussdsy should be^misssd by none; 3.000 to select from at^16c and 26c each. But values are from^3^c to 7fic each. Go early anil make a first^choice. Clearancesals of wallpaper at Carder^Bros, for the next SO days. We muet sell^16,000 rolls of wallpaper in tbe next SO^days to make room for our new stock.^Carder Bros., 21 Eaat Quarts street. Plain,ruffled, pleated and lace trimmed^skirts In sateen, nangoe, gloria and^surah sold by Courtenay, Case 4 Gravelle Co,t TheTrndss snd Labor assembly have^declared a boycott against W. J. Euntisily,^contractor, for being an unfair employer Men'afine kangaroo kid shoes In leecor^congrsss, sewed and all siass at M. J.^Connell's for $3.60 pair. Furnishedrooms, light housekeeping,^lodging and office. Enquire of Dr. Wis^^r Main and Broadway. Getyour hats from the Connell Co.^Tbey have tbe largest and'moat varied^assortment at tbe lowest price. ^PRICES (BKSbI Theonly pure Cream of Tartar Powder.^No Amnion is; No Alum. Usedin Millions of Homes^40 Years the Standard. D.J. HENNESSY MERCANTILE COMPANY, BUTTECITY. MONTANA. SomethingNew EveryDay.^LADIES' JACKETS. CAPES AND WRAPS Arebeing received by express daily. We have on^hand an assortment worthy the attention of the most^critical buyer. To-morrow we shall have more Our^Stock for the Spring and Summer Season will sur^^pass all our previous efforts. WeHave Been, We Are the Leaders. Whenit comes to House Furnishings Goods,^None can beat us. Carpet Curtains, Duringthe past week several dozen rolls of Carpet^have been received. The Best Patterns, the Newest^Designs, the Newest Colorings. 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ENULKHoRN.il A. lirlsas.Humana FEED.KENNRTT. Itss-t. t.B. T. BTMAN, rtsa-rrssx O.A. WOLF, rash lav. WESTERN MontanaNational Ml, or- MISSOULA.MONTANA. Capital.- - - 17 6,000.00^burplui and Proflta. I 6.0O0.00 THE FIRSTNATIONAL BANK OFBUTTE, MONT, Capitalill Mm Prist, . (1,000,004 MBBCToaSl jfSI^r ^E#^vC GnerilBtiklii BnlM Trtnietil currantaccounts resetted frees beaks,^^raw sad bjdlvtdasls oa fsvorabte term*.^Buy sm sou eiehaaa. oa all prtaclaal^elites la lbs Uatud aulas. BeroeeaSd^China. Issue commercial sad ferelga^letters of sredlt avauabls la all Berts of^las world. * CollectionsPromptly Attended to REMEMBERTHE GRAND^ MASQUERADE ALL Otvesby Professor stutter, Monto a Co., el^UNION HALL, Wednesday.March aand, 1893. THE GreatGerman Specialists; DRS.LIE BIO ^ CO- TheLast Ball of the^ADMISSION. SI.OO. KENTUCKYSTABLES.^rhUlpabun, Moat. BOYDBROTHERS. Prop's. Kir* class Ceavsvsseaa st rsssoaaMs rates,^^^ess attend tea arrival aad deairtur*^of all trains. A ^ soars! trans^^fer bus a*^Telechoas No. I. jambsr. LABSUa. AMFRANCISCO. CALIFORNIA, lirtkriHitilM, IL bM.ni Wltv v/la^^lld^nS lefJealLhasa sos le arssrtoe tba* saae-^Tbsrsre i.r^parsd to treat sM rbreale^vats dlassse. by lbs Blast samtsr.il DMjum^^ M.aOon.rras^s^ra taidydu.iti.. Ver.eossss.^*srs sad ftyphir* la sR the varied fors^^-K^^ran of ....If., causing BperstBlarrhse. rroatra.^Ierrt^- -tuiaaj wsakaasi, Los* Maaasad Sou's\ susVst^tbe^eeK^wasrrabt* sad^ail diMesss ssmiHat la ins ml Disease,of ine stea^esa^Ftlsa Fawskw^FUsaro aad Reetai Dicers, eared vuhout pass^or dstsajlsa trass boskaeea. IHwas Incurables. Jsalsaa.far isrsas far our Beate TrsatSMSa. us BBBBBBBJ and BBseveal trss nasal as i rasa,^adtst resolved at tbe Mutt. saVss to 'UstliU^with tastalvea ta-as rraariseo. Oas of th.^^set.^ ^^Bi the Has^ ( it, ko. sivtslos of^Us LtsSAs world DUpeasary to lbs illisilsi^rbrswise aad -wgooa to the Mulie otoessT ^Ja^^Wd^.rJJZ^^^m j^ILl'l'-'L -__*^-,TJ^* si '^^st INST a. SAW! HAWEBeYLANSING, EXPERTACC01MTAAT8. roaapUoaladat Nadeetrd Aeeoaab) adjusted.^Trusts** aeeoanis ar.ltrn us. Sperlsl slssanoa^to rrot^..le sad Issotrescv aes-niBts. Reds ale^secuualasts naratobad by ibe hour or day F.0. Sat Ms. Buns. Moat. RACKAROCKPOWDER. taT^tr^^f^,l Clieis.it snd tafs.^A. C. WHI1K. Aaeat. BaiU, Meal.^IN Heuth Main stnet. fJEt BtSt B B a*9wSltt B 6 suaMarcus baiv, r. l ias-suri^Mfii awitNLD I Ot, Bankers, BUTTECITY. MONT.^COLLECTIONS FBOBFTLT ATTENDED TTA. firstratio. sX aaJUL Aaaooaa*, THEKEELEY INSTITUTE, TreatmentIdentical With that Ol van at D wight. III. AU others are sssrely Imitators. f*TB* sare that you srr dealing with th. Cssuln* Keeley Institute berore taking treatment or ptirnaaslag rajaadles.^^SrUsla oSoa la alootana. Cor. QttarU and Alaska Streets. Butte. P i^ ox 79 I. CEO.W. ARl Farthe Cure ef Liquor. Opium,^Morphin ^. Chlo al. Cocaine.^Cisarettu and 1 obscc i HibrtB.^aad Nsuraatbsals or Nerve I