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The Anaconda standard. [volume] (Anaconda, Mont.) 1889-1970, February 09, 1898, Morning, Image 1

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036012/1898-02-09/ed-1/seq-1/

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~ll y ~ ·: : · -1:- i - t ~Ijmrm
am nbitfb~c;
The "nst as good" kind of goods an
not asld at Leys'. They sell only one
The Best
That Is the cheapest biad when it
poqes to Watches and Jewelry.
SOur I our Packing Watches are the
S:very bet that can be bought for the
The New York...................$L50
The Trump ................... 2.50
The Sun Dial ............... 8.00
The Waltham ............. 9.00
The two last are fitted in absolutely
:dust.proof cases, and all are warranted
good time-keepers.
Our stock of Solid Gold and Gold
Fllled Watches, both ladies' and gents',
is the largest in the city, and our prices,
quality considered, the lowest.
In ladies' sites .....$10 upward.
In gents' sizes ... 12 upward.
If Ye WaIt a flod Watch Cheap
Call om Us.
Are Not
As you wil ke during the next anity
day~ Now we can add to your
comfort very m if you come and
me ansly. We effer aow:
259 LESS3
Than their regular
selling price.
Double Heel
and Toe
2 pairs for 25c
We Always a(t a Carts
for OsE Pair.
That Wms casts7 Cansts
This Sale at
35 cents each
1 I I
tbiee DIfferent Proposiaozs Pre
eat*e In the 8.n0te.
It Spain Dotes Not b teago t th manbe
penademnc or e aCusbas Bese
March 4, the Untted StateS
Should Take a Hand.
Washington, Feb. 8.-Three propost
tions, differing materially as to methods
were presented to the senate to-day for
relief of the Cuban insurgents. Allen
of Nebraska offered as an amendment
to the diplomatic and consular appro
priation bill a resolution recognising
the belligerency of the insurgents, and
said that he hoped thus to afford the
senate an oportunity to vote on that
proposition, Mr. Cannon of Utah of
ferred a resolution urging the president
to notify the kingdom of Spain that if
it did not recognise the independence
of the Cuban republic before March 4,
1898, the United States would recognise
the belligerency of the Cubans, and
within 90 days thereafter would assert
the independence of the Cuban repub
lic. Mr. Mason of Illinois followed with
a resolution requesting the president
to notify Spain that the Cuban war
must cease at once and declare the in
tention of the United States to restore
and maintain peace on the island of
Cuba. Both Mr. Cannon and Mr. Ma
son gave notice of their intention to
speak upon their resolutions to-mor
The right of Hon. Henry W. Corbett
to a seat in the senate from Oregon
occupied the senate's attention for two
hours, Senator Chandler speaking in
favor of seating the claimant.
Mr. Bate of Tennessee presented the
credentials of Thomas B. Turley to the
renate to-day to fill the vacancy caused
by the death of the late Senator Isham
G. Harris of 'ennessee. Some criticism
was made of Governor Taylor's certifi
cate as be'ing too verbose anc', waile
harmless, 'f unnscessary length.
Mr. Allen of Nebraska said, in prevent
ing a Cubaln amendment It the dipl,
nmatic and consulatr ;pl"lt i,'i:tiol: 1'1l,
that since the opening 'f hos'i,:tre it,
Cuba more than 300,000 : arificos had
died of starvation or of disease directly
traceable to insufficient food or iack of
proper sanitary conditions. He said that
he had been Informed that it was the
custom of the Spanish government to
Sherd hundreds ofb~,laiies together and
starve them unttt-th1y had been rnre
than decimated by disease. He ex
pressed the hope that the committee on
foreign relations would act promptly
upon the amendment so that the senate
could have an opportunity to vote upon
it. The amendment is as follows:
"That a condition of public war exists
between the government of Spain and
the government proclaimed and for
some time maintained by force of arms
by the people of Cuba. and the United
States of America shall maintain strict
neutrality between the contending par
ties and accord the rights of belligerency
in the ports and territories of the United
Mr. Allen said that he desired to have
the amendment made a part of the dip
lomatic bill so that the house of repre
rentatives might ha\e an opportunity
to vote on it and not be stifled by the
committee on foreign afatire of that
body or other intfluences. Mr. Hale said
the amendment proposed was subject to
a point of order under the rules of the
he reported by the foreign relations
committee, as it was general legislation.
"Do you know of any appropriation
hill passed in the last few years," In
quired Mr. Allen, "that has not carried
with it general legislation?"
Mr. Hale replied that such matter was
put into appropriation bills by unani.
mous consent that would be subject to
a' point or order under the rules of the
senate and under those of the house
which are very strict-general legislation
does not be.ong upon appropriation
Mr. Cannon of Utah then.offered '.he
following resolution, which he asked to
lie over until to-morrow, when he would
submit some remarks upon it:
"Whereas, The people of the republic
of Cuba are, and of right ought to be,
free and inedependent; and,
"Whereas. The continuance of the bar
barous warfare of Spain in her attempt
to subjugate the patriots of that repub
lic is in violation of the law of humanity,
is a menace to the freedom and progress
of the peoples of the western hemisphere
and full justification for a demand by
the government of the United States
that Spain shall withdraw her land and
naval forces from Cuba and Cuban
waters and shall leave the republic and
her people to the enjoyment of life, lib
eity and the pursuit of happiness; there
fore. be it
"Resolved. By the senate, that the
president of the United States is urged
to notify the kingdom of Spain that if
Spain shall fall to recognize the inde
,endence of the republic of Cuba on or
before the 4th day of March. 1898. the gov
rnment of the United States on that date
recognize the belligerency of the Cuban
patriots and will, within 90 days there
after, assert the independence of the re
public of Cuba."
Mr. Mason of Illinois kept the Cuban
ball rolling by offering another resolu
tion, giving notice that he would to
morrow, at the conclusion of Mr. Can
non's remarks, address the senate. The
resolution is as follows:
"Resolved, That the president of the
United States is authorized and is here
by requested to notify Spain and the
insurgents of Cuba that the war (so
called) must at once cease and be dis
continued and that the United States
of America hereby declare and will
maintain peace on the island of Cuba."
The resolution was preceded by the
following preamble:
"Whereas. War between Spain and
the insurgents of Cutlba has continued
until all Christendo~m is shocked by its
barbarities. Pretended autonomy has
beeh offered by Spain and refused tv1
the Cubans in arms. The Spaniards, as J
a" war measure, have burned homes and {
driven women and children into fortified i
towns. where some of them have I
starved. others murdered and women
and children been debauched and treat
ed beyond the power of language to 1
describe. The daughters o? insurgent ,
soldiers have been sold into houses of
infamy and boys of tender years have
been shot as spies, under the form of
civilized war. Am rican citizens have
|+'c d'ri-ven in,. trowns and rcfus'd rqp
portunity to1 work and left to starve
as part of the Stpanish twar m'uare.-.
until we were comper!l.,l to tak', .
Unitee d tates, large sums o money tQ
feed and clothe our cit isets and to
eturn them to our country and now
the SpanihL war measure of concen
tration has continued so far that con
Seetradoas Ae anted and starving,
naked and flthy, insomuch that dis
ease and death is among them and
has spread ito our own country. Hun
dreds of thousands have perlshed in
this way and by this means. The un
holy work of extermination goes on;
the slaughter of innocents and non
combatants goes on. The flag of truce
. has been abandoned and extermina
tion or the independence of the Insur
gents must be the final outcome. The
people of the United States are send
ing money and food and clothing to
Cuba to aid the dying which ought to
be furnished by Spain for the reason
that the concentradoes are legitimate
wards of Spain, having been put in
a their present condition as a Spanish
r war measure and their care would de
r volve upon Spain and would be so re
Sgairdedby every civilised nation in the
"Under the present charity seeking
I of the administration charitably dis
i posed citisens of the United States can
s not contribute money, medicine, food
t or clothing to the insurgents in the
field or hospitals and should any at
tempt be made to do so it would be
taptured and prevented by order of
f the government of the United States.
All parties declared before the last
election in favor of the independence
of Cuba. The people of the United
I States do not seek to acquire title to
Cuba nor do they seek to gain advan
tage in any way directly or indirectly
of any nation by reason of this bar
t barism called war. They do not com
r plain of our loss of trade with Cuba
and have patiently borne the assault
on the health of the people by the filth
i of Spanish rule in Cuba. They seek
no redress for loss of business or
health or money. They have patient
ly waited, not wishing even indirectly
to interfere with the affairs of other
nations until the stench on our very
borders has passed endurance and the
barbarous situation in Cuba has he
come a stain upon our continent and a
blot upon our Christian civilization.
The people of the United States de
manding no personal profit, having no
fear and seeking no favor, clear and
conscious as to the justice of our posi
tion do in the presence of the civ
ilized nations of the world and in the
name of justice and liberty demand
that the so-called war in Cuba must
Mr. Stewart of Nevada secured the
adoption of a resolution directing the
postmaster general to send to the sen
ate the cost of handling various classes
of mail matter.
Bills were passed ratifying the agree
ment between the Dawes commission
and the Seminole nation of Indians
and to amend an act declaring a certain t
bridge across the Tallahatchie river in
SMississtmwpt r lawful Sfilctur'e.. ..
In accordance with notice previously
given, Mr. Chandler called up the reso
lution in regard to the Corbett case and I
made a speech in favor of seating the 1
claimant as a senator from Oregon.
Mr. ('handler submitted, in opening I
his argument in opposition to the pro
posed resolution, a suplcmentary state- I
ment from Mr. (Corbett himself, in I
which he discussed some points of the 1
case and defined his personal position.
Mr. Chandler then began his re
In an extended argument Mr. ('hand
ler maintained that whenever a va
cancy occurred in the senate and the
legislature of the state had failed to
fill the vacancy, the governor of the
state had the constitutional right to
fill it by appointment. He said it was
perfectly plain to him, as the evident
intention of the framers of the consti
tution, that the governor of a state
should have the right to appoint in ease
the vacancy existed while the legisla
ture was not in session.
After an extended legal discussion of
the meaning of certain words and
phrases in the clause of the constitu.
tion bearing upon the choice of sena
tors. Mr. Chandler said he went to the f
limit, maintaining that the plain and
unequivocal meaning of the statute t
was that in no possible circumstances.
except where the legislature was act
ually in session at the time the an
pointment was made, was it right for
the senate to refuse to seat an ap
pointee of a governor of a state.
At the conclusion of Mr. Chandler's 9
remarks the senate, on motion of Mr. t
Davis, chairman of the foreign rela- o
tions committee, went into executive o
session and at 5:20 p. m. adjourned. t:
'ettigrew Gives More Reasons for Oppos.
tag the Annexation of Hawaii.
Washington, Feb. 8.--Senator Petti
grew of South Dakota was the only
speaker on the Hawaiian annexation.
treaty in the executive session to-day.
He opposed the treaty, resuming his
speech where he had left off a week
ago, taking up the line of his argument
in connection with his assertions con
cerning the area and population of the
Islands, He asserted that the area capa
ble of sugar cultivation amounted to
fully a half million acres and said that
as the land was very productive there
was no doubt that all the sugar neces
sary to supply the demands of the Unit
ed States could be produced in Hawaii.
He quoted official statistics to the effect
that in 11 months of last year there had
been 496,000,000 pounds of Hawaiian
sugar imported into the United States
The senator then undertook to show
that all the sugar grown on the island
must be produced by Asiatic labor, re
peating and elaborating the argument
that no colonies of the Anglo-Saxon
race had ever been successful within the
tropics. He replied to Senator Teller on
this point, saying that the facts were
against the Colorado senator's conten
tion and that the Hawaiian islands
would prove no exception to the rule
that the white man could not and would
not labor in a tropical climate.
He said of the 700,000 people in Ja
maica, fewer than 15.000. including the
British garrison, were white, and in
the Straits settlement not 1 per cent. of
the residents were English. He a.ertt, d
that in Hawaii there was no European
laborer, aside of the Portuguese,. en
gaged ;n the sugar plantations to-day.
If. he argued, we should,. annex the
islands the JIapanese would in.evitably
take possessijro of th.em alld \, '. ulhl
not in any degree+ .'h.'k thii itnroadt;
under our new treaty with Japl., which
goes into effect next year. itt 1 :" ,f
this fact he contended that whatt\,l"r
bounty we give or tariff we levy the Irl
terest will be in the' Interest of Asiate.
labor in Hawaii. S.nat )r i.ttigrw.'.
said that the en, muragement of this spr.'
'ie of lahbr would he. t. t the itrim+ntt
of our .',')mmmer.. which. bh.i adda, is
alr.ady d.,-ltniint n th t- Ha;ian~ n ;.!
anld. The Asiati(. . he said. ,'n :i t iiiY
t Otlltinute'd Oh luas t l-ia
?rU-Ma)inantOonvenee and Irstens
to th. Qeena's Speech.
E ign madMws of the BrttUsh amplre Be
v1ewed--The Marquis of Salisbury
Spxains the Situation
in the Beet.
London,. Feb. 8.-The fourth session
of the rourteenth parliament of
Queen Victoria and Twenty-sixth of
the Untited Kingdom was opened by
commi#nsth at 2 o'clock this afternoon
with the customary ceremonies.
The queen's speech was in part as
follows: "My Lords and Gentlemen-
My teationes with the other powers
continue friendly. The negotiations
between the sultan of Turkey and the
kWs of Greece have been brought to a
contelLaion by the signing of a treaty
of peace under which the territorial
relations between the two' powers are
practically unchanged.
"Intelligence which is apparently
trustworthy was received of the inten
tion of the khalif to advance against
the Egyptian army in the Soudan, and
I have therefore given directions that
a contingent of British troops should
be dispatched to Berber to the assist
ance of his highness the khedive.
"I have concluded a treaty of friend
ship and commerce with his majesty
the emperor of Abyssinia.
"On the northwestern borders of my
Indian empire an organized outbreak
of fanaticism, which spread in the
summer along the frontier, induced
many of the tribes to break their en
gagememtst with my government, to at
tack the military posts in their vicin
ity and even to invade the settled dis
trict of my territory. i was compelled
to send expeditions against the of
fending tribes for the punishment of
the outrages and to insure peace in the
future. A portion of the Afridi tribes
have not yet accepted the terms of
fered them, but elsewhere the opera
tions have been brought to a very suc
cessful close.
"I rejoice at the fact that there is
reason to anticipate a prosperous year,
both folr bgriculture and commerce,
throughout India.
"Gentlen of the House of Com- I
mons-Tre estimates which will be laid
before you have been framed with the I
utmost desire for economy, but in
view of the enormous armaments now t
maintained by other nations, the duty
of providing, for the defenpe of t
pire involves an expenditure beyr
former Qrecedent."
Dealing with the proposed legisla
tion, the speech from the throne says
that measures will be introduced for
the organization of a system of local
government in Ireland substantially
similar to Great Britain's, to secure
the increased strength and efficiency of
the army; to amend the present condli
tions of military service; to enable ac
rused people to testify in their own
defense; to facilitate the creation of
municipalities in London, and to pre
vent abuses in connection with church I
In the house of lords the Earl ,f
Kimberly mildly criticised the gov
ernment's policy in the Soudan, West
Africa and the far East, but he sai,l
le wished to extract no em!tarr 'lsing
information. When a cabinet minister,
however, spoke of war, he thought it
ime parliament was told plainly ', hat a
:as meant.
The Marquis of Salislury thenr arose 1
nod began in plain conversational;
ones, as if addressing Lord Kimlberly
clone. The first announcement. whihi
revoked "hear, hear." was that before
nany months he hoped that their cf- t
lorts in Egypt would result in thie ail- t
_ure of Khartoum.
When the premier reached tth , .ques
ion of China there was a murmur of
expectancy. The pacific assurances he e
rave were received with avildent a;
)roval and relief.
The Marqluis of Salishur' siad: "I I
Wnll nOIu Ui, u worn wflVen scvlini to
grate on the noble earl's Pars, but I may
say there is no effort whi -t this coun
try would not make Iatiwe. than lose
our treaty rights. At tll. rcame time no
one has evidenced the sli~,!lt,"st Intel
tion of infringing thoa: r;ht-.
"In regard to the loan, it is true ice
suggested as one of tht! clondititns the
opening of Talien Wan as a treaty
port. China made some obje,tih,ns, and
finally as a eompromise, I. *'i thte :lth
ult., suggested that the nmatter be left
in abeyance until the railway reacitd.l
Tallen Wan, when it should be opened
as a treaty port. Sir Claude Macdotinl
aid, the British minister at lPekin. re
plied the n.-xt day that Ciinni .t't-ptt. 1
this, and since then I have heardl noth
Ing to the contrary. Th' old qu,-stiL'n
of the loan is still the suij""et :if neg'..
His lords,tipt added: "f ha"r re '"ivod
spontaneous ..ssuranc"sa front the Rlus
lsan government that m.nv port they
open in China will be oj e, to free 'rJm
On tit resumption of blu.iiness in the
house of commons tht. n,-mvw c-nltiers
took their seats. Ga'r, ld Halfour, the
chief secretary for Irelaal,. gave ,othi e
that on Thursday i,. would ol,pros, the
local government bill f;ar Iretallad.
After notices of intr.,durrl 'an other
bills had nten givc'i., 'peak'r Gutly
read the quteen's sp '-h. .which hal
been previously ret 1 in botit tlurs " of
parliament. The ";pc-'a.lth was monrltved
and seconded. Sir \Willitnf Vern.on
Harcourt. the opp ,::iti".n l.,tdter, aid
the government could n it , mplaiti
that the house and court were demand
Ing explanations on nlatly nmatters.
When 100.000 men were in arms in vari
ous parts, he added, they could n,,t
congratulate themselves upon pax Bltit
On the reassembling of the house of
lords the new peers were introduced
and took their seats with the usual
ceremony. The house was full and th'
galleries awer,- roi'r-d di with pecere--s,_
and the daughters of peers.
After th' aidrtrss in reply t r thi.,
'spirth from rithe thrinrt had bnirt !ain it
and sei+ond-,td. th.- Earl of Kimh. l ly. ,:t
oppoisiti~n ha:ler in thr, hAo ,f! 1, t1-,
tr'epied that he r,' ara ihd the local
4rnmept ,,f It tl;iantd a Iing r as iig n t
most tni-utla nt -ubj l'ts t!f th" qhli
p'-hi ii and whitl he regarlid th" -
ernmi nt ii.;surtti e fan\ rahly. h. I ai
carn--.-.M"t t.i ad"lt that the Iteral pirv
witas ,if the ,tnilla n that thu ,;lv a.,y t,
pi-rmanently satisfy it .lautd ot- .> -
tabli-hitng ham., rul,.
Inrd .al-isburt - aid th, - . .
the goventnlll t a-kt Ia i I 1tl!ll f tt
ithi thin" "" I ian w tri,, c tih ii u l
ii-on. dit a'' h tt ati l Itn , . :t
f ,eing th,. t ai,, wcitht t'titU . ..:1, ,
taining nothing injurious to China her
"Regarding the immediate opening o
Talien Wan," said his lordship. "the
Chinese council have informed us that I
would embarrass them very much. Fol
reasons that it is not necessary to entel
into very closely and for their own per.
sonal comfort and well being, they ex,
pressed the desire that we should nol
insist on this proposal. Whereupon I re,
plied that the proposal was not essen.
tial, though we thought It advantageous
and I suggested as a compromise thai
the opening of Talien Wan be deferred
until the railroad has been built to the
"It is obvious to anyone knowing the
country well that the country behind
Talien Wan is pratically worthless. No
trade could arise until the railrad
reached the port. A few days after
wards Str Claude MacDonald reported
that the compromise was accepted as a
condition of the loan: and since then I
have heard no more about Talten Wan.
But I am bound to say I am not very
much interested, as I recently received
from Russia a written assurance that
any port they obtain leave to employ as
an outlet for their commerce will be a
free port for all the commerce of this
country. A free port is much better
than a treaty port and, thus having as
certained, that Tallen Wan was to be a
free port, it interests us very little, in
deed, to know whether it will be a treaty
port or not.
"I may say that similar assurances
have been made us by the German gov
ernment respecting the territory they
recently occupied. Indeed, the German
government went further and were more
tlattering to us, for the German ambas
sador told me they had concluded that
our manner of dealing with such things
was better than theirs and that in this
instance, at any rate, they intended to
imitate our methods. Regarding the
loan. I hopl in a few days to lay the
papers on the table dealing with it, but
I warn the noble earl that information
will Ise e'xceedingly scanty when it ap
Turning to India, Lord Salisbury de
clared that the troubles with the Afridie
were not due to the occupation of the
Chitral, nor to fanaticism, but to terror
at the approach of civilisation. It was
only intended to occupy such additional
posts on the frontier as competent mili
tary authorities deem absolutely neces
The address was then adopted, after
which the house of lords adjourned.
Previous to the reassembling of par
liament the usual party of beef-eaters,
accompanied by a number of omicials
and headed by c'hief of Police Horley,
made the customary search for imita
tors of Guy Fawkes, formally ascer
taining that the vaults of the houses
of parliament did not contain anything
inimical to the safety of members.
The Irish parliamentary party met in
committee room No. 15. Timothy
Healy and his supporters, who ab
_!d 4 1dtrlaiug Lh&.irty maeet*
ig previouo to the last session of par
liament, were present. John Dillon
was re-elected chairman and whips
and secretaries were also re-elected.
Implicates Others in the Wreeking ot
the Matl Train During the Rail
road Strike of 1804.
San Francisco. Feb. 8.-Salter D.
Worden, convicted of wrecking a mail
train bearing a guard of United States
soldiers near fSacramento,. 'al., during
the great strike in 1894, and in whose
behalf the supreme court of the United
States declined to take favorable ac.
tion on his plea for a new trial, has
confessed his crime to Governor Budd
with a view to receiving a commutation
of the death sentence from the execu
tive of the state.
Worden's confession covers 3.700
words and gives the full details of the
crime; telling that he with several oth*
et s had been ordered by a committee
of strikers to remove the rails near the
Yolo bridge for the purpose of wreck
ing the train carrying the troops. He
gives the names of his accomplices
and makes known many details of the
work of the strikers heretofore un
known to the general public. Ex-Pres
blent iCleveland interested himself in
Worden's behalf out of sympathy for
the mother of the condemned marn, and
Governor Budd determined to probe
the matter to the bottom before de
ciding the case, with the result that
1'~;rden made the confession in the
presence of the governor. Warden Aull
of the Folsom penitentiary and a sten
Worden throws the blame for the
hatching of the train-wrecking plot on
Haurry Knox. chairman of the griev.
ance committee of the Sacramento
lodge. American tailway Union, who,
lie says. gae him all his instructions
and decoyed' himn into accompanying
the gang of wreckers to the Tote
bridge. He also charges complicity in
the plot to Mullin and Compton, the
other two members of the committee,
who with Knox managed the strike on
the Sacramento division of the South
ern Pacific. Worden's story is that
Knox instructed him as a member of
the A. t. tU. to procure a team to con
vey eight men to tavisviille. sayin
that Tom Kelly. another striker, would
accompany him "and knew all about
it." At the same time Knox gave
VWorden an order on a Sacramento liv
ery stable for the team. Worden
says that in the wagon as they drove
out from Sacramento were Kelly.
!)unn. Hatch, Applnlman. Barrett and
Whce ler. lie then describes how the
irain uasR wrr-ecked and con'cludes his
confession with an appeal to the gov
ernor to save him fr.ll the gallows.
He Is Opposed to Inreras.ag the Size of
the National Park.
Sfi, , ,it 1lispatchl t the Stendatrd.
\Vashingt,+n. Ft,. --R, pr,.sentative
'a lti, of 11.nd I;os'i to Secr'.
l.,t I:ii=". platn t.,: ,.. r"".t ti:* !-Z,. of
ý' , tofttw. i pa rrk II. i d to ally
t. , of t lml- rt , r ·arks in
l it. | r t- i , . - t k,, +, .n
1, :-il . il, r a 1· l. . >, . ' -.,r , tl 't .: .
,.. 'I t 11 oitit. IX, n. . - !.., . il ta ' ..
I n ta- a .tat 7 i' f , " ., ,s - Of
Treaeury '4tatreamnt.
4 h* 't -- :.
Zola Protest. Against the Insults
Heaped on Him.
The Judge Declines to Put Any Ques
tion That Will Bring Up the
Dreyfus Affair-Mme. Drey
fus in Hysterics.
Paris, Feb. 8.-When the trial of Zola
and IM. Perrieux, manager of the Au
rore, growing out of the former's de
nunciation of the Esterhazy court mar
tial in a letter to the newspaper named,.
was resumed to-day, scenes similar to
those of yesterday were witnessed. M.
Rochefort was cheered when he ar
rived. The presiding judge read a let
ter from Esterhazy in which the latter
refused to testify. Thereupon M. La
borne, counsel for Zola, insisted that
Esterhasy should be brought into court
by force. The court admitted the claims
of the defense and decided that Gen
eral Mercier, the former minister of
war, and Major Paty Du Clam should
be resummoned. The court also decided
that the other witnesses alleged to be
III should be visited by a doctor and
that if found able to appear they
should be resummoned.
Madame Dreyfus was the first wit
ness. M. Laborle asked her whether
she could say under what circum
stances she was Informed by Major
Paty Du Clam in 1894 of her husband's
arrest. The judge declined to put the
M. Zola here arose and cried: "I de
sire the same treatment as the assassin
or the thief. They have always the
right to denfend themselves, but I am
deprived of this. I am mocked and in
sulted in the streets and the obscene
press drags me in the mud. You see,
gentlemen of the jury, the position I
am in. I wish to have my witnesses
heard. but I am prevented."
"But do you know the law?" the
judge asked.
"No, I don't know, and I don't want
to know," was Zola's reply.
This scene caused great excitement
among the spectators.
M. Laborie demanded that the ques
tions be put to the witness.
The judge answered: "I wil lenter
your protest, if you desire, but I can
not put questions which are foreign to
the indictment In order to arrive at a
revision of the Dreyfus case, which has
AUlle been deterl.Z,
Thereupon M. Laborie exclaimed:
"In the presence of the obstruction
placed in our way"-(cries of "no,"
"yes" and "quite right") "I have the
honor to ask what means we should
"That does not concern me," an
swered the Judac. whereat there was
swered the judge, whereat there was
M. Laborie then proposed to submit
a list of questions, leaving the court to
indicate which of them might be put
and the session was suspended in order
to allow the questions to be drawn up.
In the meantime Mme. Dreyfus retired
to the witness room, where she was
seised with a violent fit of hysterics.
On the resumption of the session of
the court M. Laborie presented a state
ment claiming the right to ask Mme.
Dreyfus certain questions in the inter
est of justice. The advocate general.
M. Yancassel, argued that the court
could not readjudicate facts already
legally decided, and, turning to M.
Zola. he exclaimed: "You say you do
not know the law and do not want to
know it. Well, we do know the law
and will have it respected, with the
aid of a jury in which we have the
most complete confidence." The apos
trophe evoked remarks of approval.
M. Laborie responded with great
warmth, protesting against the ob
struction of which his client was the
victim. Finally M. Zola said he would
submit to the law and to justice, add
ing: "I do not revolt against the law
as my words may have implied. What
I want, gentlemen, is that you should
end your hypocritical schemes." This
remark was greeted with shouts of
"Bravo, bravo!" and murmurs of dis
sent. The court then decided against
the defense, saying that no question
contained in the indictment would be
M. Lobols, a lawyer and a witness
for the defendants, testified that he and
Colonel Picquart were old friends, and
consequently when Picquart was con
nected with the war intelligence de
partment he consulted the witness on
certain grave matters he had un
earthed in connection with the carrier
pielgon affair.
When doubts on the Dreyfus matter
arose, M. 8lchuerer Kestner questioned
the witness on the foregoing matter.
and the witness gave him certain In
formation. Including letters which
General Genx wrote to Picquart. who
convinced M. Schurer-Kestner of the
innocence of Dreyfus.
The witness urged M. Scheurer-Kest
ner to apply to the minister of justice to
annul the Dreyfus judgment in view of
the secret documents submitted to the
court martial, but as he was lacking in
material proofs M. Scheurer-Kestner
had not acted immediately. Continuing.
the witness spoke of the intrigues
against Colonel Piequart when the latter
was transferred to the United States.
Finally the witness laid the matter be
fore the government. M. .Scheurer
KIeatner, who was not examined, said he
learned last July that Colonel Picquart
had discovered that the borderau had
not been written by Dreyfus. and he
submitted Major Esterhazy's handwrit
ing to M. Bertillon. who agreed that it r
was in the same hand as the borderau.
The witness suggested to General
t;enz that a fresh expert examination be
made. but the general dissuaded him
from so doing. At this stage of the pro
ecedings M. Scheurer-Kestner was about
to give the gist ,,f the correspondence
htt ween t' ,l,.nel tGonz and Pi'equart,
show ing that Genz favo\'ed reopesning
tie l)rey.fus cs. but the presiding
Jude. t uled that tlhe evidence a as in
admissiblh'. Mir. Lahorie then intel
v n, d. dayim,:: "I ak that that these letters
t. r'adl in a t t. M. Zola was aware of
thoi e\xt,-n .. f these letters. it wast
ti,'-: Ithat t!ght was thrown into the
The jltide. hos\\s v r. reiterated that t
t!ih. 1 .tr - orr i s:t, issible. as proe
t.!I  ai '. . 1 a bt, il·, :, + renr ark : "T here is
'till irr." to ,.tlltiunl ate them to you i
ar-I then to the jury."
'Y ,u know that is inpolsibhl'. -" r
tl:'tl the Judge. ".as the law fortnally
t hi tlls it."
l 'l.mn',n'-eau. ' ,tunsel for M. l','r
I ttiX. i:t - . lo ala'td that t,'.ota i I .-. i
quart submitted th..e
president of the D e
who lmpounded tlk. w
them to the court, tlh
ble to give nIotliatie 4t
.M. dcheurer-Keetler, t
the coatents of thel
Colonel Plcquart wrote
had been discovered
eagerly seised n by ti p
sians which l t
scandal." General GonC
was "too late to stop the
Colonel Plequart, If
according to the ,
the whole affair be
would be a scandal.
Continuing, the wita
to General Biltot (s iaLst`r
told him what I knewe. I
communicate General Ge
but he refused. Then it
that the Interview soaeal
vulged. Nevertheless, tihe
n wspapers published as
the interview.
"I had Interviews with th
(M. Meline) and told bhiie
M. Seheurer.Kestiner t
that he never mentioned  e
Esterhasy except to the
But, some time later. Mate
brother of Alfred Dreyts- e*ile
and declared that he also 1bid
ered that Esterhasy was the
the borderau, whereupon the
told Mathieu Dreyfus to w
minister of war, which he
nouncing Esterhasy.
M. Zola here asked le
to give the court details. of ih
view with the minister of wax,
witness did so, recounting howr
begged his old friend to take
ittative in the matter, adding:
him a fortnight to make up his
during which time I was ta
Pt ussian."
"Yes," interjected MI. Zola "
now treat me as an Italian."
There was much stir in
it was announced that M.
r-er, the former president 48
French republic, would be the
When he was called the
judge said: "You swear to
without animus and fear, to
truth and nothing but the
It. Casimir-Perter at thin poit
terrupted the Judge, sa`tr:
me, I cannot swear to telol ti
because I cannot do so. It I0 s in
not to tell it."
This statement caused a
among the audience. The
judge resumed: -"The law
you, before even spealg or.
to testify to take the oath."
M. Casimir-Perier then tookii
Can you say," asked M.
when you were president t
fore his arrest that a taF
sptd of treason and that
had been made a1
The preiding
nIn: You cannot ak t t wtet
n Eourt.
Counsel for M. Zola then pat
question to M Caeimreir
"Did M. Casitmr-Perter tmwi t
secret file of papers existed at
flee of the war minister?"
"I was not aware of a " ile of
concerning Maior Esterhama -
concerning Major Eaterhas" w
reply. ,"
"Did you." continued M.
"know that a secret doeaames
handed to the court mart aL
"You cannot answer that
interrupted the presiding ja 4'
statement which caused renwtd a
murings in court.
"I do not know any facts st
to my presidency," said M.
Perter. "I can only speak as a
citisen, which I am williag too!
"You are setting a noble
replied M. Laborte. "which othe
nesses have not deemed lt to
since it has been necessary to
them here by force." (A, lae.)
SMI. Laborte here made a for
plication, "in the interests ot
that his previous question be
to be put. The Judgte, iterd
on the matter, refusd to ally
question. U. Decastro. a ,
then examined.
He declared he recagnlsed the
tity of the handwriting of Rajir
hazy and that of the writers ofi
derau author. The witness
discovery to Mathlet Dreyfus
added he had sinee reeive a
of threatening letters. The
arose amid great excitelmn
for and against M. ~Lta. O
the witness box M. (iahni .
ceived a great ovation.
There was a big erow4
lower court and after the
leaving the building a ma euied
Zola." "Down with Frane,"
imediately arrested.
A tremeadous rth f
Zola, on emerging front tbe
was recognied and aibtL4 Lt
and seek refuge in the roibg
the doors of which were 'an
The crowd remained outid
"f'onspues Zola." etc., led ay
of young barristers In thbr
roughly handled Mi. Zela's
era until a detachment of
guards cleared the court
was an immense clamor
"Down with olaht" " ,e
and "Death to Zlt." t
dominating the others. The
had difficulty in keeping his
the struggling crowd.
In the meantime the
lerstandinlg their ordes.m
rates and M. Zola thus
nside the court yard.
howling, threatentaing mo
were powerless and, for a
ooked as though he would h
with the friends who foraBe
His friends rallied arouaa
oventually the gates were
he police, having beaen
orted M. Zola to the streeta
najority of the mob was
he court yard. shrlehj
against the novelist, who
'ntered a cab and drove quiglyt
An Appeal f taer sts.
ipecial Dispatch to the Standnard
Boise. Idaho. Feb. &--Thre Idaho
'xposition ,ommittee to-day lsued as
1 al for funds for the purpose of
t Creitalle display at the ex
he legislaturre not having provm4
ppproprtntion. C'erttRcates will be
o c-ontributors, who wilt be
-h.:uld the next legislature makL'
rr.priuti'n. The coammission ea
otal 'ost of the contemplated
libit at $16.OO .
Wants a ftsater.
peclial Dtispatch to the Stafs.ard
Hso... ldutato. eb. -5.-George
\.w York diamond expert. tls
Iwr- making nquliries as to toht
"hhlh felt near Dou tols Ilabl.
w% %f ,ourhasti It and takhag a
it .i hv uik

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