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FOR FOREAS WEATHER FORECAST.
WAHRFORBOAURAYT ORSND Snow In western; fair In easteln 50?- FOiUDY lion. babl snow, eaeteriy winds. VOL. XI.-NO. 116. ANACONDA, MONTANA, SATURDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 30, 1899. PRICE FIVE CENTS. i.~l- ~t ~tae~~m~ t~a~hn~~-·u!.I~~i A Few Goods Left In Spite of Our Heavy Xmas Trade We have still enough goods left to make a very respectable New Year's gift. If you forgot some of your friends at Christmas, make amends and send them something nice for the New Year We can show many nice articles that we know will please. Our diamond stock is still in pret ty good shape, and we can offer timely suggestions on what to buy in other lines. We appreciate your trade and are prepared to show it. Jeweler and Optician OWSLEY BLOCK, BUTTE Why We Sacrifice Our Winter. Suits and Overcoats Because the fall season was late and very short and because the holiday season left us many odds and-ends to clean out. Here is a chance for every shrewd buyer to make a profitable invest ment: $15.00 Suits or Overcoats Snow .........,........ $1 3.85 $18.00 Suits or Overcoats now...... ;$13.85 $20.00 Suits or Overcoats now ................ $13.85 $22.00 Suits or Overcoats now .................. $13.85 (ians & Klein BUTTE, MONT. ~p~aF # egod BUTTE GETS THE MEETINC State Teachers' Assooiation Will Assemble There Next Year. ELECTION OF OFFICERS D. E. Banders Chosen Presldent-A Legis lative Committee Seleoted-Many In teresting Papers Read and Reso lutions Adopted. Special Dispatch to the Standard. Helena, Dec. 29.-The next meeting of the State Teachers' asoclation will be held in Butte in 1900. The consti tution was amended this afternoon so that the association can, if it sees fit, meet at some other point than Helena, as at present provided. A motion to amend the constitution was carried by a vote of 90 to 18. After the amendment had been car ried Dr. Craig, president of the State university, moved that the next meet ing be held at Helena. Professor Gar rett amended the motion by making it Butte. Some one asked whether Butte wanted the meeting. Professors Hast ings and Newill of the Batte public schools, who were present, assured the association that Butte will give the teacher. of Montana a warm welcome and make proper provision for the en tertainment of those in attendance upon the next meeting of the associa tion. Butte was then selected by a large majority. The executive com mittee will fix the time, which will probably be about one year hence. The session of the association which ended to-day was the most largely at tended, with one exception, that of 1897, since the organization first met. There were 147 members enrolled. The interest in the proceedings has been keen and it is believed that many mat ters have been considered that will re dound to the future credit of the schools of the state. The following officers were elected: President, D. E. Sanders, president of the State Normal school, Dillon; vice president, Mrs. N. V. Eddy, Helena; treasurer, M. A. Dunn, Helena; secre tary, Misc Eliouse Knowles, Missoula. Miss Drake of Butte was unanimously elected a member of the executive committee. In accordance with the resolutions adopted, it was decided to appoint a legislative committee to wait upon the next legislature and suggest changes in the present school laws where de fects exist, and to that end O. J. Craig of Missoula, James Reid of Bozeman, D. E. Sanders of Dill-n, E. A. Carleton of Helena and Professor Swan of Bozeman were elected members of the legislative committee. It was neces sery to ballot only in the election of president and members of the legisla tive committee, the balance of the of fices being filled by acclamation. For president there were nominated E. O. Busenberg, Glendive; Professor Swan, Bozeman; D. E. Sanders, Dil Ion: A. C. Newill, Butte. The vote re sulited: Sanders, 34; Busenberg, 19; Swan, 19; Newill, 19. Professor San ders was then elected by acclamation. For members of the legislative commit tee there were nominated James Reid, Bozeman; E. A. Carleton, Helena; D. E. Sanders, Dillon: Professor Swan, Bozeman; J. M. Hamilton, Missoula; Katherine Johnston, Helena; O. J. Craig, Missoula, and A. C. Newill. The five named above were selected onthe first ballot. Telegrams of greeting were received from the state associations of Kansas and Washington, now in session at Topeka and Seattle. The former wired: "Greetings from 1,200 Kansas school teachers." From the Washington as socilation came this: "Six hundred teachers greet you from the evergreen state." To these the secretary replied for the association as follows: "Con gratulatory greetings from the teach ers of the mountain state." The departments of higher educa tion, of superintendents and of kinder garten concluded their business during the day and elected officers. The meet ing of the department of superintend ents was presided over by President Harriet Hord of Missoula county. Miss Evans read a paper upon the subject of school visitation. She maintained that frequent visits from the superintend ents aided the teacher. She said the superintendents should place them selves on the same plane with the teachers so that there would be no feel ing disparity of positions. Miss Smith, county superintendent of Granite coun ty, indorsed what Miss Davis said. A general discussion followed, after which the president, Miss Hord, spoke upon the advisability of having uniform ex amination papers for the common schools, especially with reference to the eighth grade, so that pupils passing such an examination would be eligible to admission in any accredited high school. County Superintendent Davis of Madison county also read a paper along the snme lines. After a free dis cussion of the proposition it was de cided that the system would be adopt ed. The uniform examination papers are to be furnished by a committee consisting of the state superintendent, the presidents of the state normal col lege and the agricultural college, two high school principals and two coun 'ty superintendents. The examinations are to be held twice a year, in May and November. The county superintend ent will examine and mark the papers. Any pupils receiving a diploma after this examination will be eligible to ad mission in any accredited high school without further examination. The su pertendents' department elected E. A. Carleton president and County Super intendent E. S. Peebles of Fergus county secretary. At the meeting of the department of higher education papers were read by E. A. Hayden and L. A. Yountz of Helena. Professor Hayden spoke upon the subject of "Correlation of High School Studies." His paper was warm ly received and generally discussed. "Methods in Higher" Institutions of Learning" was the subject of Mr. Yountz's paper. It, too,'was a credit able document and was provocative of an interesting discussion. The election of officers of the depart ment of higher education resulted in the selection of the following: Presi dent, W. A. Turner of Wesleyan uni versity, Helena; vice president, Profes sor J. H. Monroe of the state normal school. Dillon; secretary, Miss Virginia Corbett of the faculty of the state ag ricultural college, Bozeman. The concluding session of the child study and kindergarten department was interesting to the participanta Miss Belle Thomas of Dillon read a paper upon "The Training and Devel opment of the Impulses, Instincts and interests as They Appear in Children." Superintendent Tillinghast of the deaf and dumb asylum read an interesting paper upon "The Abnormal Child." The kindergarten department elected Mrs. H. S. Glenn of Helena, president; Miss Belle Thomas of Dillon, vice president, and Miss Edith Adams of Helena, sec retary. At the conclusion of the department work the association met in a body and disposed of the election of officers and other proceedings mentioned, also lis tened to papers, passed resolutions and wound up the business. "Language Teaching in Lower Grades" was a pa per presented by Miss Anna L. Howard of Dillon. President Reid of the agri cultural college read a paper on ancient psychology, and D. E. Sanders present ed a paper on "Physiological Psychol ogy." The resolutions adopted express sym pathy with the movement seeking to bring about cheap library postage, so that books for incorporated or public libraries may go through the mail at 1 cent per pound, and Montana's repre sentatives in congress are asked to work for such legislation. The resolu tions also urge that the services of an educator of national repute be se cured to address the next meeting. In accordance with the resolution it was voted to request the executive com mittee to secure for the Butte meet ing the services of Professor Hughes of Toropto, Canada. ONE MAN KILLED, FOURTEEN INJURED Cheyenne Flyer of the Union Paolfle Coll.des With Another Train With Terrible Consequences. Denver, Colo., Dec. 29.-The Chey enne Flyer on the Union Pacific rail road crashed into the Boulder valley train at Brighton, Colo.. at 6 this morn ing. One man was killed and 14 per sons injured, as follows: Killed: WTKNfTcT.n RAnTTT.PsHAM .mon messenger. Denver; body burned to a crisp. Passengers injured-B. S. Hooker, Olin. Iowa; Mrs. Margaret Young, Mansfield, Mo.; Sig Hurst, banker, Brighton, Colo.; F. V. Davis, travel ing salesman. Denver, Colo.; W. G. Tompkins, traveling salesman, Kansas City, Mo.; C. Payne, Laramie, Wyo.; Mrs. McCanna, Laramie, Wyo.; Fred Laws, brakeman, Denver; Michael Re gan, section foreman: Thomas McGov ern, section foreman; John Kennedy, John Carrington, Frank Sloan, Jerry Flannery, employes. The Boulder valley train left Den ver a little late this morning and as usual stopped at Brighton, which is the junction for the Boulder Valley line from the main line to Cheyenne.. The Cheyenne flyer also left Denver late, and coming into Brighton in the early morning dusk, ran into the rear end of the Boulder train, telescoping two or three cars and derailing the pas senger locomotive. Section gangs from Denver yards and half a dozen pas sengers occupied the Bo-ulder train. The mail and baggage car and smoker of the flyer were burned. Mrs. Young was in a chair car with six children. None of the children were hurt. The wound ed were brought to Denver about noon and taken to the hospitals. Conductor McAllister of the Boulder Valley train was crazed by the accident. He at tempted to jump into the burning wreckage and had to be forcibly re strained. Remarkable fortitude was shown by Fred Laws, brakeman on the Boulder Valley train. He was making a coup ling near the head of the train when the collision occurred. He was thrown down and a wheel ran upon his leg, pinioning him down. His cries for help were not heard and he drew a knife from his pocket, cut off his leg and crawled from under the car. His recovery Is doubtful. Fatal Railroad Accident. Palmer Lake, Colo.. Dec. 29.-A Colo rado Midland passenger train north bound and a Santa Fe freight train had a head-end collision two miles south of this place. Fireman Edgar Jones of the Santa Fe was killed and Engineers Leavitt and Turk being seriously in jured. No passengers were injured. The cause of the collision is not yet known. A Rear End Collision. Columbus, Ohio, Dec. 29.-A rear-end collision on the Columbus, Sandusky & Hocking railroad east of this city to-day resulted in the death of Brakeman George Warner and the severe injury of Engi neer T. J. Schaeffer. Brakeman Walter M. Camp and Fireman Fred Irey. The train had been divided into sections to go over a heavy grade. The second sec tion dashed into the first while the latter was standing on the main track. - . .....- THE MICHIGAN LEGISLATURE. Governor Pingree Urges the Passage of Amended Tax Laws. Lansing, Mich., Dec. 29.-The house to-day refused to adopt the senate's resolution to end the short sessiop to day and voted to adjourn to next Tues day. In response to the defeat by the senate of his equal taxation amend ment.and in lieu thereof, Governor Pin gree to-day sent to the legislature a message urging the specific rates of taxation under which the railroads are now taxed being Increased so that the railroads will pay about $2,500,000 taxes annually instead of $1,036,775, as at present. In another message: the governor recommends that iron and copper min ing companies be taxed on their out put instead of by an ad valorem assess ment, as at present. In the house the latter message was followed by the in troduction of a bill which was defeated last session designed to increase the specific tax on mining companies near ly $3,000,000 per year. It was made a special order for next Wednesday. A message urging submission of the ques tion of municipal ownership of street railways and other public utilities to the people was also sent in by the governor and referred. Must Pass Inspection. Victoria, B. C., Dec. 29.-It was re ported to-day that in consequence of the strict watch kept of incoming shipping because of bubonic plague at Honolulu, the San Francisco liners, now admitted on bills of health issued at San Francisco, will in all probabil ity have to pass inspection by the quarantine officer before entering this port. 1TO ELIEVE LA YSMITH General Buller Believed to Be Planning a New Movement. BOERS' LINE OF RETREAT Care Is Being Observed to Keep It Open. An Engagement With Ka mrs-Money for Soldiers' Familites Continues to Pour In. London, Dec. 30, 5 a. m.-The latest special dispatches from Chieveley Camp hint darkly at some important move ment as imminent. This is interpreted, with some misgivings, to mean that General Buller contemplates a re newal pf his attempt to relieve Lady smith. It Is reported by the same dispatches that the Boers have now retired to the north bank of the Tugela. being afraid that the swollen river may bar their retreat. They are also moving their Iaagers nearer Ladysmith, probably with thb intention of putting further pressure on the garrison which now seems to be suffering prettily heavily from bombardment. It is difficult, however, to conceive that General Buller would make an other frontal attack, especially now that the river is rising and an addi tional indication that this is not his purpose is the fact that he has re moved his headquarters back to Frere. The Boer movement northward from the Tugela is quite in keeping with the enemy's plan of securing a safe line of retreat. It is known that further artillery is due to arrive for General Buller, but the belief here is that his forces even then will be too weak. He may, how ever, be animated by a desire to/ac complish something before the ar rival of Lord -Roberts and to satisfy the keenness of his men to retrieve their defeat. The reported engagement with Kaf firs is very vague and cannot be ex plained pending the arrival of later dis patches. The Earl of Mount Edgiscombe, brother-in-law of Lord Landsdown, says the war office would countenance a scheme to enroll volunteers in a sort of preparatory stage in order to learn drills and the like. The number of members of the house of commons who have volunteered for the front threaten seriously to reduce the government's majority when parlia ment reassembles. The Rothachllds have donated £;2,000 to the Buckinghamshire volunteer fund. It is estimated that, £200,000 will be contributed privately in volunteer funds throughout the country. Already the fund for the relief of the families of soldiers exceeds £500,000. AN ENGLISH FIRM. Blritish Concern Owned Most of the selzed Flour. New York, Dec. 29.-It now appears that the firm that had the largest ship ments of flour consigned to Delagoa bay on the three vessels of which the cargoes were recently seized by British authorities, is an English boncern Arthur May & Co. of Bristol, which has a large branch office In this city. The firm had on board the three ships which were seized-the Maria, the Mashona and the Beatrice-about 26,000 bags of flour consigned to Lorenco Marquez. The agent here will not say whether the flour was intended for ulti mate shipment from Lorenco Marquez to the Transvaal, but he has not at present made any representations to the state department, as have most of the other firms which had goods seized. The manifests of the three vessels show that they carried the usual class of goods shipped to South African ports, although the proportion of flour was much larger than usual. It is tacitly admitted by the American firms whose goods have been seized that a large proportion was intended for the Boers. A member of one tlrm declared that there was a very large local trade in Lorenco Marquez. The consignments to Delagoa bay were all shipped at the consignee's risk and they cannot therefore claim dam ages from the American firms for non delivery. The steamship owners are also protected from similar damage suits, as a clause in the shipping agree ments provides that they are not re sponsible for "unforeseen events." In spite of this, it is stated that a large proportion of the goods snlled to firms in Lorenco Marquez was paid for before it left this country. The uncertainty in every direction consequent on the war made shipping concerns in America careful and most of them refused to transact business except on "cash be fore delivery" terms. The people in Delagoa bay are, there fore, the real sufferers, particularly as that city is now full of refugees from the Transvaal and crices for everything have gone up. TAKE NO STOCK IN IT. Threat of Boers to Reduce Rations of Prisoners IDiscredited. Washington, Dec. 29.-The reports that the Boer authorities have threat ened to reduce the rations of the Brit ish prisoners at Pretoria in case Great Britain stops the entry of food supplies at Delagoa Bay is not borne out by the official communications of United States Consul Hollis at Pretoria. By direction of the state department Mr. Hollis is looking after the British In terests and in particular in seeing that the British prisoners are afforded every proper facility and personal attention. His reports have been very full con cerning the care of the prisoners and such attending circumstances as were warranted. These, however, give no intimation that the rations of pris oners are to be reduced, but on the contrary the entire tenor of the ofn cial report goes to show that there seems to be no apprehension that such a threat will be put into effect. Casualtles at Ladysmith. Pietermaritzburg, Dec. 27.-A dis patch from Ladysmith, dated Dec. 22, says: The Boers have mounted an other Howitzer on Surprise hill, re placing the gun captured in the sortie of the rifle brigade. W'hile they watch us nightly with searchlights and bom bard the place daily, they show no signs of assaulting the town. They probably think they can starve us out, but we have plenty of provisions. The total casualties since the siege began are about 70 men killed and 276 wounded. LIKE THE CHANGE, Soldiers Are Pleased With the Comring of Roberts and Kitchener. London, Dec. 29.-Dispatches from all parts of South Africa emphasize the great enthusiasm among the troops and public occasioned by the appoint ments of Generals Roberts and Kitch ener. The announcement that the for mer will have supreme command and that the latter will be chief of staff has largely dispelled the depression in Cape Colony caused by recent reverses, while the soldiers anticipate everything from the presence of "Bobs." Advices from Cape Town, dated Dec. 24. say an investigation shows that the reported disaffection among the Dutch in Victoria district has been over drawn. The farmers, it is pointed out, are mostly land owners and will not risk the loss of their farms by rising. A dispatch from Lorenco Marquez, dated Dec. 23, says a curious story sl current, emanating from Boer sources, that Matt Steyn, brother of the presi dent of the Orange Free States, and 800 Free Staters have definitely refused to continue the war. Steyn, acting as spokesman of the party, is reported to have told the president that he was only authorized to intervene in the in terest of peace, and that the burghers did not feel that they were bound by his "unwarrantable conduct," especial ly as they ran the risk of confiscation of their property, and they simply de sired to be permitted to farm in peace, and proposed to immediately return to their farms. Sir Charles Howard Vincent, member of parliament and colonel of the queen's Westminster volunteers, has been ap pointed to command the infantry di vision of the City of London Imperial regiment. The text of Colonel Baden-Powell's proclamation to the burghers besieg ing Mafeking, the gist of which has already .en cabled, comes from Lo renco Da rquez to-day. After assert ing that the republic cannot hope for foreign intervention and pretending to relate 'the exact attitude of all the European powers, including Emperor William, who, the colonel said, fully sympathizes with England, Baden Powell makes the extraordinary state ment that the American government has warned others of her intention to side with England should any of themu interfere. A war office dispatch from Baden Powell, dated Dec. 12, after announc ing that Lady Sarah Wilson had ar rived safe and well at Maafeking, adds that bombardment and musketry fire continues daily on all sides and that the health and spirits of the garrison are very satisfactory. REMAINS A MYSTERY, German Newspaper's Statement Quashed by Offiial Denial. New York, Dec. 29.-A dispatch to -the Tribune from London says: The Anglo-German agreement remains a mystery, the Berlin Lokal Anzelger's version having been quashed by offi cial denial. All well-informed diplo mats are convinced, however, that Ger many will enlarge her colonial posses sions in some quarter at the end of the war :,nd will have a free hand when she wants it in the future in Asia Minor or elsewhere. It is not considered probable that Lord Salisbury has consented to thl sale of Goa, Macao and Damon to Germany, but the future of the East African possessions of Portugal was discussed without doubt at *the foreign office with the German ambassador a year ago. The German emperor and Mr. Chamberlain are known to have held a prolonged consultation at Wind sor castle a few weeks ago, and by the process of exclusion the diplomats have reached the conclusion that East Africa was the subject which interested them. It may be premature or unsafe to cary out these arrangements at pres ent, in view of the Russian reprisals in Herat and the French intrigues in Mo rocco, but the shrewdest observers in diplomatic circles forecast the ultimate occupation of Delagoa bay by Great Britain and the enlargement of Ger many in East /Africa southward to ward Zambesi. The German disclosure is probably true to that extent, but has been overloaded. The British goyernment is embar rassed without doubt by the Portuguese neutrality, which cloaks trading on a large scale with the Transvaal. While the British army does not have a free passage through Portuguese territory into -the Transvaal on the shortest line of march to Pretoria, the Boers them selves are receiving European recruits and military stores through Lorenco Marquez. This back door would be closed if Delagoa bay were either under British or Boer jurisdiction, but it re mains open under a neutrality which is useful to trading and double dealing. It is evidently inconvenient for the British government to carry out any pre-aranged scheme with Portugal and Germany. The Berne arbitration award respecting the Delagoa bay railway cannot be made for three months, and that will be the base for financial deal ing with Portugal. Moreover, Lord Salisbury cannot be eager to challenge Russia to seize He rat by the occu ltton of Delagoa bay. Meanwhile the right of search at s.a is exercised, and prize courts by con demning cargoes of breadstuffs Wqay set awkward precedents for England herself, which is dependent upon im ported food supplies in peace and in war. The American proposal for exempt ing private property from seizure was not adopted even by The Hague con gress, and neutral rights in war time are subject to the decision of prize courts, as to what constitutes contra band of war. This is the thearetic l English view of 'the case. But in prac tice the prize courts at Durban are not likely to rule that foodstuffs are con traband of war, although there is a warrant for it in British seizures and confiscation of rice during other peri ods of histilities. The war office continues to supply its daily bulletin of news from the front, Natal alone being excluded from its scope. The man in the street is spared the necessity of reading many columns of belated and confused dis patches from news agencies and spe cial correspondents. He will see at a glance this morning that Baden-Powell was safe on Dec. 12: that neither Gat acre nor French has met with any fresh adventures, and that Methuen holds his ground at Modder river, ^X changing gun fire with the enemy and constantly reconnoitering with his car airy brigade. (Continued on Page Two.) THE YEAR IN BUSINESS Bradstreet's Annual Review of the Country's Trade. ALL RECORDS SURPASSED Widespread and General Upward Move ment of Values in All Departments. Smallest Numb3r of Buslness Failures in 17 Years. New York ,Dec. 29.-Bradstreet's re view of "the year in itlsiness' to morrow will say: Rarely have sangulni commercial and financial hopes ,or predictions found such adequate realization as they did during 18919. Certainly rnth ing like the widespread and general upward mnovemlent of values, alike of staples and of securities, such as oc curred during this. year, could have been foreseen. Linked with an im mense business and a record-breaking production in nearly all lines of husl ness and industry, except, perhaps, in some products of the agricultural in terest, there was an advance of staple values which alone would have made the year notable. The volume of domestic and of for eign trale alike was the largest ever recorded, and the bank clearings, re flecting immense business expansinm, active speculation in stocks and Im mense new industrial floatings, far sur passed all previous records. Prices, as a result primarily of the stimulation proceeding from supply and demand conditions, scored the greatest advance in any single year and brought the general level of staple values to the highest point reached for more than eight years past. Failure statistics point to the smallest number reported for 17 years past. These results have come to pass in the face of a consider ably lessened production of wheat and an immense falling off in the yield ofat cotton. in industrial affairs, the year has been one of enormnous expansion. Cer tainly nothing like the general ad vance in wages of industrial employes has been witnessed for many years, and this has been accomplished with a minimum of friction. The close of the year finds order books tilled to from three to six months ahead in nearly all lines. Dis tributive trade was naturally of im mense volume throughout the year, though mild weather at the close tend ed to modify the satisfaction with which retail trade in winter fabrics was regarded. This was, howevor. partly compensated for by a holiday business surpassing all previous rec ords. o Notwithstanding smaller exports of agricultural products during the cal endar year. breadstuffs shipments be ing 15 per cent smaller, cattle and hogs exports 12 per cent less, and cotton shipments, owing to the short crop, at least 15 per cent less, there was such an expansion in our manufactured ex ports that the entire export trade of the year will considerably exceed that of 'the last calendar year, which was the heaviest recorded, and will Imake the year no less notable in the line cf foreign than in domestic trade, with a total exports little less than $1,180, 000,000, an aggregate which will mark a gain of :l per cent over the record total of 1898. Imports have naturally shown a marked revival, and if Ihe gain for the 11 months is maintained for the month of December, a total a little below $800.000,000 may be expect ed. which would guarantee a total for eign trade well in excess of $2,000,000, 000, an amount, it mighit be remarked, never before equaled. As to exports, it is to be noted that nearly one-third of all 'are manufactured products, a proportion never before reached; and as to imports, the heavy increase in raw products intended for manufac ture bears testimony to the activity of domestic industry. The apparent trade balance in our favor, though not as heavy as in 1098, will still aggregate an enormous sum. That the advance in the price of sta pies has not been a fictitious one or based upon arbitrary action of com missions, is evidenced by the fact that a similar price movement ,has been witnessed abroad, the general level of prices in England for instance, being higher on Dec. 1 this year than for more than eight years past. The course of values, too, has been in accordance with expectations of economists, in that the greatest relative rise has been in manufactured goods or in products of Industry not exclusively agricultural. Breadstuffs alone, of all classes of sta ples, are actually lower now than they were a year ago, the decline being about 6 per cent. On the other hand, the manufactured, or partly manufac tured, products, such as metals, raw and manufactured textiles, building ma terial, coal and naval stores, have scored remarkable gains. Metals, as a whole, are 50 per cent. higher than a year ago, due largely, of course, to the forward rush of iron and steel prices, which have all practically doubled in value within the year. Raw cotton and wool have made es pecially noteworthy advances, and from being among the most depressed of in dustries the textile manufacturing trades have become among the husiest there is record of. Other textiles have shares in this advance, with the result that the textiles, as a class, are one third higher than a year ago. Coal and coke have shared In the wonderful industrial development of the year with a rise equal to that in textiles, and building materials, too, have made equal gains, owing mainly to the mark ed advance in lumber. Naval stores show a gain of nearly one-third in price, hides and leather are one-fourth higher, live stock, dried fruits and oils are one-eighth' higher. and provisions and miscellaneous prod uets have all advanced. Taking hank clearings as an index, the outlook at present favors a total at the country's clearing houses, mak ing comparison with previous years of 74 per cent. over 1897 and of 51 per cent. over 1892, while as compared with 1(94. the volume of clearings has prac tically doublted. Active stock specu lation and immense industrial float ings, but, above all, enormous trade and industrial activity naturally swell ed the volume of clearings in the mid die states, but the gains in the New England group, including Boston, where copper share sp.eculation was ex tensive and where are the great manu faucturing centers, were also consid erable. The largest monthly clearings up to December were reported in March, while outside of the metrOplis the heaviest totals were shown as late as October. The flurry in money late in L)ecem ber swelled the weekly bank clearings tn an unprecedented sum, making pos sible an gtceptlonally heavy December aggregate Decreases from 1898 at in dividual cities were few and due mainly to changes In methods unconnected with the generally large business done.. As compared with 1894, every city in the country naturally reports larger clearings, but It is worth noting thati 13 cities in all show decreases from the year 1892, which still remains at those cities a year of unqualed trade. The railroads of the country have done the heaviest business In their his tory, which is profed by the gains in' gross and net receipts over all previous records. That the transportation in terests are determined to share still further in the unexampled column of tonnage offering, is proved by the gen eral advance in rates schduled for Jan. 1, 1900. Railroad building, though mostly of branches and feeders, was the heaviest reported since 1890, was double the average of the preceding four years and 50 per cent. larger than in 1899. The record of embarrassments has been of a steadily diminishing scale as regards number and even in liabilities the year's record is an exceptional one, and, were it not for a few large fail ures in the last two months of the year, that period, as a whole, would have been fairly entitled to the appel lation of phenomenal. Though the year's record is not as yet complete, and the returns as to assets and lia bilities are still more or less vague. it may be stated that the total num ber, of failures, based upon complete returns for 11 months and partial re turns for December, will be in the neighborhood of 9,550. certainly little in excess of that number, a total smaller than in the preceding year by 17 per cent., 26 per cent. fewer than in 1897, 36 per cent. lower than in 1896, 25 per cent. smaller than in 1895 or 1894 and 40 per cent. less than in 1893, the year of panic memory. As compared with 1892, there is even shown a decrease of 6 per cent. and the number of fall. ing traders. firms or corporations is in fact the lightest since 1882. 17 years ago. As regards liabilities, while the show ing is not so good as expected, there is a reasonable hope of the aggregate not being much in excess of $120,000,000, which would lie 15 per cent. less than in 189,. 23 per cent. smaller than in 1897. 51 per cent. less than in 1896, 70 yer cent. smaller than in the panic year, 189t3. and only 11 per cent. more than in 1092. a year of exceptionally good trade. The return of normal conditions is indicated by the percentage of assets. which may aggregate $62.000,000. The percentage of those falling In business. too, will show a marked shrinkage and will be among the lowest ever reported, the probabilities favoring a percentage of .00085 this year against .0016 per cent. last yeare..0120 in 1897, .0170 In 1893 and .0100 per cent. In 1892. the emallest per tentage in fact since 1882. That the improvement in business has made itself felt at last In all parts of the country is indicated by the Southern and Pacific states groups showing the largest decrease in failures from a year ago. fully one-third in each case The buslneet community looks forward to 1900 with at least equally mixed feelings of hope and confidence. ORDERS A COURT MARTIAL. Captain Slufeldt Refuses to Obey the recretary's lnstruetiols. Washinglon, Dec. 22.-The war depart ment has accepted the challenge of Cap tain R. VW. Shufeldt. U. S. A.. retired, has transmitted all the papers referring to the case of the officer to Major Gen. eral Merritt. commanding the depart ment of the East at New York, for court martial proceedings. Several days ago the adjutant general, by direction of the see rotary of war, ordered Captain Shufe.dt to place himself within the jurisdiction of the civil courts of Maryland. before which that officer was the defendant in divorce proceedings. Captain Shufeldt wrote a letter to the secretary of war protesting against the attion of the military authorities and notifying him that he must decline to place himself withlin the jurisdiction of the Maryland court. lIe told the secre tary that he had been under military ar rost for more than a year and that he con-idered the order issued in his case as unreasonable, as it would be one which would require him to commit murder or some other crime. All the correspondence in the case has been referred to General Merritt with instructions to order a court-martial for the trial of Captain Shufeldt on charges of scandalous conduct and comluet unbe coming an officer. ONLY SPORADIC CASES. Plague Scare in Japan In Practically Over-A Financial Panic. San Francisco, Dec. 29.-Correspondene, of the associated press from Yokohama,. dated Dec. 12, says: The plague scare has subsided, only.a sporadic case being now and then re ported. while the vigilance of the au thorities is undiminished. The entire em pire, through the unprecedented cleaning up which has taken place. will be a gain er from the visitation of the scourge. In the Japanese political field all is ap parently serone. TI.t- diet adjourned from, day to day with brief routine sessions and a complete abseht'nce of exciting issues. Those behind the, scenes, however, predict a speedy overturn of the cabinet through the clamor of the spoils politicians who are demanding the political control of ofatccs. Financially. Japan has recently passed through somewhat of a panic, il lustlrating in a curious way the far-reach ing influence of the war at the antipodes. and also the inability of the nation to adapt itself to the conditions of modern finance. The flurry was occasioned by the exodus of gold to the amount of some 8,0),()000 yen ($4,000.000). It is now, however, practically over. and were it not for the strained relations between foreigners and natives. business would be proceeding quietly in the accustomed channels. All Well on the Logan. Washington. Dec. 29.-The adjutant general received a dispatch to-day saying that the transport Logan, carry ing the 41st volunteer infantry, arrived at Singapore to-day en route to Manila, with all well on board. Football Team Goes North. San Francisco. Dec. 29.-The Stanford football team, utnder the charge of Man ager Berry and Coach Chamberlain, left for Portland and Seattle to-night. The team is scheduled to nlay the Multnomah team at Portland Jan. 1 and the Seattle Athletic club at Seattle on Jan. 3.