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The Anaconda standard. [volume] (Anaconda, Mont.) 1889-1970, December 30, 1899, Morning, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036012/1899-12-30/ed-1/seq-1/

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FOR FOREAS WEATHER FORECAST.
WAHRFORBOAURAYT ORSND
Snow In western; fair In easteln 50?- FOiUDY
lion. babl snow, eaeteriy winds.
VOL. XI.-NO. 116. ANACONDA, MONTANA, SATURDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 30, 1899. PRICE FIVE CENTS.
i.~l- ~t ~tae~~m~ t~a~hn~~-·u!.I~~i
A Few
Goods Left
In Spite of Our
Heavy
Xmas
Trade
We have still enough goods left
to make a very respectable New
Year's gift.
If you forgot some of your friends
at Christmas, make amends and
send them something nice for the
New Year
We can show many nice articles
that we know will please.
Our diamond stock is still in pret
ty good shape, and we can offer
timely suggestions on what to buy
in other lines.
We appreciate your trade and are
prepared to show it.
Jeweler
and
Optician
OWSLEY BLOCK, BUTTE
Why We
Sacrifice Our
Winter.
Suits and
Overcoats
Because the fall season
was late and very short
and because the holiday
season left us many odds
and-ends to clean out.
Here is a chance for
every shrewd buyer to
make a profitable invest
ment:
$15.00 Suits or Overcoats
Snow .........,........
$1 3.85
$18.00 Suits or Overcoats
now......
;$13.85
$20.00 Suits or Overcoats
now ................
$13.85
$22.00 Suits or Overcoats
now ..................
$13.85
(ians & Klein
BUTTE, MONT.
~p~aF # egod
BUTTE GETS THE MEETINC
State Teachers' Assooiation Will
Assemble There Next Year.
ELECTION OF OFFICERS
D. E. Banders Chosen Presldent-A Legis
lative Committee Seleoted-Many In
teresting Papers Read and Reso
lutions Adopted.
Special Dispatch to the Standard.
Helena, Dec. 29.-The next meeting
of the State Teachers' asoclation will
be held in Butte in 1900. The consti
tution was amended this afternoon so
that the association can, if it sees fit,
meet at some other point than Helena,
as at present provided. A motion to
amend the constitution was carried by
a vote of 90 to 18.
After the amendment had been car
ried Dr. Craig, president of the State
university, moved that the next meet
ing be held at Helena. Professor Gar
rett amended the motion by making it
Butte. Some one asked whether Butte
wanted the meeting. Professors Hast
ings and Newill of the Batte public
schools, who were present, assured the
association that Butte will give the
teacher. of Montana a warm welcome
and make proper provision for the en
tertainment of those in attendance
upon the next meeting of the associa
tion. Butte was then selected by a
large majority. The executive com
mittee will fix the time, which will
probably be about one year hence.
The session of the association which
ended to-day was the most largely at
tended, with one exception, that of
1897, since the organization first met.
There were 147 members enrolled. The
interest in the proceedings has been
keen and it is believed that many mat
ters have been considered that will re
dound to the future credit of the
schools of the state.
The following officers were elected:
President, D. E. Sanders, president of
the State Normal school, Dillon; vice
president, Mrs. N. V. Eddy, Helena;
treasurer, M. A. Dunn, Helena; secre
tary, Misc Eliouse Knowles, Missoula.
Miss Drake of Butte was unanimously
elected a member of the executive
committee.
In accordance with the resolutions
adopted, it was decided to appoint a
legislative committee to wait upon the
next legislature and suggest changes
in the present school laws where de
fects exist, and to that end O. J. Craig
of Missoula, James Reid of Bozeman,
D. E. Sanders of Dill-n, E. A. Carleton
of Helena and Professor Swan of
Bozeman were elected members of the
legislative committee. It was neces
sery to ballot only in the election of
president and members of the legisla
tive committee, the balance of the of
fices being filled by acclamation.
For president there were nominated
E. O. Busenberg, Glendive; Professor
Swan, Bozeman; D. E. Sanders, Dil
Ion: A. C. Newill, Butte. The vote re
sulited: Sanders, 34; Busenberg, 19;
Swan, 19; Newill, 19. Professor San
ders was then elected by acclamation.
For members of the legislative commit
tee there were nominated James Reid,
Bozeman; E. A. Carleton, Helena; D.
E. Sanders, Dillon: Professor Swan,
Bozeman; J. M. Hamilton, Missoula;
Katherine Johnston, Helena; O. J.
Craig, Missoula, and A. C. Newill. The
five named above were selected onthe
first ballot.
Telegrams of greeting were received
from the state associations of Kansas
and Washington, now in session at
Topeka and Seattle. The former wired:
"Greetings from 1,200 Kansas school
teachers." From the Washington as
socilation came this: "Six hundred
teachers greet you from the evergreen
state." To these the secretary replied
for the association as follows: "Con
gratulatory greetings from the teach
ers of the mountain state."
The departments of higher educa
tion, of superintendents and of kinder
garten concluded their business during
the day and elected officers. The meet
ing of the department of superintend
ents was presided over by President
Harriet Hord of Missoula county. Miss
Evans read a paper upon the subject of
school visitation. She maintained that
frequent visits from the superintend
ents aided the teacher. She said the
superintendents should place them
selves on the same plane with the
teachers so that there would be no feel
ing disparity of positions. Miss Smith,
county superintendent of Granite coun
ty, indorsed what Miss Davis said. A
general discussion followed, after which
the president, Miss Hord, spoke upon
the advisability of having uniform ex
amination papers for the common
schools, especially with reference to the
eighth grade, so that pupils passing
such an examination would be eligible
to admission in any accredited high
school. County Superintendent Davis
of Madison county also read a paper
along the snme lines. After a free dis
cussion of the proposition it was de
cided that the system would be adopt
ed. The uniform examination papers
are to be furnished by a committee
consisting of the state superintendent,
the presidents of the state normal col
lege and the agricultural college, two
high school principals and two coun
'ty superintendents. The examinations
are to be held twice a year, in May and
November. The county superintend
ent will examine and mark the papers.
Any pupils receiving a diploma after
this examination will be eligible to ad
mission in any accredited high school
without further examination. The su
pertendents' department elected E. A.
Carleton president and County Super
intendent E. S. Peebles of Fergus
county secretary.
At the meeting of the department of
higher education papers were read by
E. A. Hayden and L. A. Yountz of
Helena. Professor Hayden spoke upon
the subject of "Correlation of High
School Studies." His paper was warm
ly received and generally discussed.
"Methods in Higher" Institutions of
Learning" was the subject of Mr.
Yountz's paper. It, too,'was a credit
able document and was provocative of
an interesting discussion.
The election of officers of the depart
ment of higher education resulted in
the selection of the following: Presi
dent, W. A. Turner of Wesleyan uni
versity, Helena; vice president, Profes
sor J. H. Monroe of the state normal
school. Dillon; secretary, Miss Virginia
Corbett of the faculty of the state ag
ricultural college, Bozeman.
The concluding session of the child
study and kindergarten department
was interesting to the participanta
Miss Belle Thomas of Dillon read a
paper upon "The Training and Devel
opment of the Impulses, Instincts and
interests as They Appear in Children."
Superintendent Tillinghast of the deaf
and dumb asylum read an interesting
paper upon "The Abnormal Child." The
kindergarten department elected Mrs.
H. S. Glenn of Helena, president; Miss
Belle Thomas of Dillon, vice president,
and Miss Edith Adams of Helena, sec
retary.
At the conclusion of the department
work the association met in a body and
disposed of the election of officers and
other proceedings mentioned, also lis
tened to papers, passed resolutions and
wound up the business. "Language
Teaching in Lower Grades" was a pa
per presented by Miss Anna L. Howard
of Dillon. President Reid of the agri
cultural college read a paper on ancient
psychology, and D. E. Sanders present
ed a paper on "Physiological Psychol
ogy."
The resolutions adopted express sym
pathy with the movement seeking to
bring about cheap library postage, so
that books for incorporated or public
libraries may go through the mail at
1 cent per pound, and Montana's repre
sentatives in congress are asked to
work for such legislation. The resolu
tions also urge that the services of
an educator of national repute be se
cured to address the next meeting. In
accordance with the resolution it was
voted to request the executive com
mittee to secure for the Butte meet
ing the services of Professor Hughes of
Toropto, Canada.
ONE MAN KILLED,
FOURTEEN INJURED
Cheyenne Flyer of the Union Paolfle
Coll.des With Another Train With
Terrible Consequences.
Denver, Colo., Dec. 29.-The Chey
enne Flyer on the Union Pacific rail
road crashed into the Boulder valley
train at Brighton, Colo.. at 6 this morn
ing. One man was killed and 14 per
sons injured, as follows:
Killed:
WTKNfTcT.n RAnTTT.PsHAM .mon
messenger. Denver; body burned to a
crisp.
Passengers injured-B. S. Hooker,
Olin. Iowa; Mrs. Margaret Young,
Mansfield, Mo.; Sig Hurst, banker,
Brighton, Colo.; F. V. Davis, travel
ing salesman. Denver, Colo.; W. G.
Tompkins, traveling salesman, Kansas
City, Mo.; C. Payne, Laramie, Wyo.;
Mrs. McCanna, Laramie, Wyo.; Fred
Laws, brakeman, Denver; Michael Re
gan, section foreman: Thomas McGov
ern, section foreman; John Kennedy,
John Carrington, Frank Sloan, Jerry
Flannery, employes.
The Boulder valley train left Den
ver a little late this morning and as
usual stopped at Brighton, which is the
junction for the Boulder Valley line
from the main line to Cheyenne.. The
Cheyenne flyer also left Denver late,
and coming into Brighton in the early
morning dusk, ran into the rear end
of the Boulder train, telescoping two
or three cars and derailing the pas
senger locomotive. Section gangs from
Denver yards and half a dozen pas
sengers occupied the Bo-ulder train. The
mail and baggage car and smoker of
the flyer were burned. Mrs. Young was
in a chair car with six children. None
of the children were hurt. The wound
ed were brought to Denver about noon
and taken to the hospitals. Conductor
McAllister of the Boulder Valley train
was crazed by the accident. He at
tempted to jump into the burning
wreckage and had to be forcibly re
strained.
Remarkable fortitude was shown by
Fred Laws, brakeman on the Boulder
Valley train. He was making a coup
ling near the head of the train when
the collision occurred. He was thrown
down and a wheel ran upon his leg,
pinioning him down. His cries for
help were not heard and he drew a
knife from his pocket, cut off his leg
and crawled from under the car. His
recovery Is doubtful.
Fatal Railroad Accident.
Palmer Lake, Colo.. Dec. 29.-A Colo
rado Midland passenger train north
bound and a Santa Fe freight train had
a head-end collision two miles south of
this place. Fireman Edgar Jones of
the Santa Fe was killed and Engineers
Leavitt and Turk being seriously in
jured. No passengers were injured.
The cause of the collision is not yet
known.
A Rear End Collision.
Columbus, Ohio, Dec. 29.-A rear-end
collision on the Columbus, Sandusky &
Hocking railroad east of this city to-day
resulted in the death of Brakeman George
Warner and the severe injury of Engi
neer T. J. Schaeffer. Brakeman Walter
M. Camp and Fireman Fred Irey. The
train had been divided into sections to
go over a heavy grade. The second sec
tion dashed into the first while the latter
was standing on the main track.
- . .....-
THE MICHIGAN LEGISLATURE.
Governor Pingree Urges the Passage of
Amended Tax Laws.
Lansing, Mich., Dec. 29.-The house
to-day refused to adopt the senate's
resolution to end the short sessiop to
day and voted to adjourn to next Tues
day. In response to the defeat by the
senate of his equal taxation amend
ment.and in lieu thereof, Governor Pin
gree to-day sent to the legislature a
message urging the specific rates of
taxation under which the railroads are
now taxed being Increased so that the
railroads will pay about $2,500,000 taxes
annually instead of $1,036,775, as at
present.
In another message: the governor
recommends that iron and copper min
ing companies be taxed on their out
put instead of by an ad valorem assess
ment, as at present. In the house the
latter message was followed by the in
troduction of a bill which was defeated
last session designed to increase the
specific tax on mining companies near
ly $3,000,000 per year. It was made a
special order for next Wednesday. A
message urging submission of the ques
tion of municipal ownership of street
railways and other public utilities to
the people was also sent in by the
governor and referred.
Must Pass Inspection.
Victoria, B. C., Dec. 29.-It was re
ported to-day that in consequence of
the strict watch kept of incoming
shipping because of bubonic plague at
Honolulu, the San Francisco liners,
now admitted on bills of health issued
at San Francisco, will in all probabil
ity have to pass inspection by the
quarantine officer before entering this
port.
1TO ELIEVE LA YSMITH
General Buller Believed to Be
Planning a New Movement.
BOERS' LINE OF RETREAT
Care Is Being Observed to Keep It Open.
An Engagement With Ka mrs-Money
for Soldiers' Familites Continues
to Pour In.
London, Dec. 30, 5 a. m.-The latest
special dispatches from Chieveley Camp
hint darkly at some important move
ment as imminent. This is interpreted,
with some misgivings, to mean that
General Buller contemplates a re
newal pf his attempt to relieve Lady
smith.
It Is reported by the same dispatches
that the Boers have now retired to the
north bank of the Tugela. being afraid
that the swollen river may bar their
retreat. They are also moving their
Iaagers nearer Ladysmith, probably
with thb intention of putting further
pressure on the garrison which now
seems to be suffering prettily heavily
from bombardment.
It is difficult, however, to conceive
that General Buller would make an
other frontal attack, especially now
that the river is rising and an addi
tional indication that this is not his
purpose is the fact that he has re
moved his headquarters back to Frere.
The Boer movement northward from
the Tugela is quite in keeping with the
enemy's plan of securing a safe line of
retreat.
It is known that further artillery is
due to arrive for General Buller, but
the belief here is that his forces even
then will be too weak. He may, how
ever, be animated by a desire to/ac
complish something before the ar
rival of Lord -Roberts and to satisfy
the keenness of his men to retrieve
their defeat.
The reported engagement with Kaf
firs is very vague and cannot be ex
plained pending the arrival of later dis
patches.
The Earl of Mount Edgiscombe,
brother-in-law of Lord Landsdown,
says the war office would countenance
a scheme to enroll volunteers in a sort
of preparatory stage in order to learn
drills and the like.
The number of members of the house
of commons who have volunteered for
the front threaten seriously to reduce
the government's majority when parlia
ment reassembles.
The Rothachllds have donated £;2,000
to the Buckinghamshire volunteer fund.
It is estimated that, £200,000 will be
contributed privately in volunteer funds
throughout the country. Already the
fund for the relief of the families of
soldiers exceeds £500,000.
AN ENGLISH FIRM.
Blritish Concern Owned Most of the
selzed Flour.
New York, Dec. 29.-It now appears
that the firm that had the largest ship
ments of flour consigned to Delagoa
bay on the three vessels of which the
cargoes were recently seized by British
authorities, is an English boncern
Arthur May & Co. of Bristol, which
has a large branch office In this city.
The firm had on board the three ships
which were seized-the Maria, the
Mashona and the Beatrice-about 26,000
bags of flour consigned to Lorenco
Marquez. The agent here will not say
whether the flour was intended for ulti
mate shipment from Lorenco Marquez
to the Transvaal, but he has not at
present made any representations to
the state department, as have most
of the other firms which had goods
seized.
The manifests of the three vessels
show that they carried the usual class
of goods shipped to South African
ports, although the proportion of flour
was much larger than usual. It is
tacitly admitted by the American firms
whose goods have been seized that a
large proportion was intended for the
Boers. A member of one tlrm declared
that there was a very large local trade
in Lorenco Marquez.
The consignments to Delagoa bay
were all shipped at the consignee's risk
and they cannot therefore claim dam
ages from the American firms for non
delivery. The steamship owners are
also protected from similar damage
suits, as a clause in the shipping agree
ments provides that they are not re
sponsible for "unforeseen events." In
spite of this, it is stated that a large
proportion of the goods snlled to firms
in Lorenco Marquez was paid for before
it left this country. The uncertainty in
every direction consequent on the war
made shipping concerns in America
careful and most of them refused to
transact business except on "cash be
fore delivery" terms.
The people in Delagoa bay are, there
fore, the real sufferers, particularly as
that city is now full of refugees from
the Transvaal and crices for everything
have gone up.
TAKE NO STOCK IN IT.
Threat of Boers to Reduce Rations of
Prisoners IDiscredited.
Washington, Dec. 29.-The reports
that the Boer authorities have threat
ened to reduce the rations of the Brit
ish prisoners at Pretoria in case Great
Britain stops the entry of food supplies
at Delagoa Bay is not borne out by
the official communications of United
States Consul Hollis at Pretoria. By
direction of the state department Mr.
Hollis is looking after the British In
terests and in particular in seeing that
the British prisoners are afforded every
proper facility and personal attention.
His reports have been very full con
cerning the care of the prisoners and
such attending circumstances as were
warranted. These, however, give no
intimation that the rations of pris
oners are to be reduced, but on the
contrary the entire tenor of the ofn
cial report goes to show that there
seems to be no apprehension that such
a threat will be put into effect.
Casualtles at Ladysmith.
Pietermaritzburg, Dec. 27.-A dis
patch from Ladysmith, dated Dec. 22,
says: The Boers have mounted an
other Howitzer on Surprise hill, re
placing the gun captured in the sortie
of the rifle brigade. W'hile they watch
us nightly with searchlights and bom
bard the place daily, they show no
signs of assaulting the town. They
probably think they can starve us out,
but we have plenty of provisions. The
total casualties since the siege began
are about 70 men killed and 276
wounded.
LIKE THE CHANGE,
Soldiers Are Pleased With the Comring of
Roberts and Kitchener.
London, Dec. 29.-Dispatches from all
parts of South Africa emphasize the
great enthusiasm among the troops
and public occasioned by the appoint
ments of Generals Roberts and Kitch
ener. The announcement that the for
mer will have supreme command and
that the latter will be chief of staff has
largely dispelled the depression in Cape
Colony caused by recent reverses, while
the soldiers anticipate everything from
the presence of "Bobs."
Advices from Cape Town, dated Dec.
24. say an investigation shows that the
reported disaffection among the Dutch
in Victoria district has been over
drawn. The farmers, it is pointed out,
are mostly land owners and will not
risk the loss of their farms by rising.
A dispatch from Lorenco Marquez,
dated Dec. 23, says a curious story sl
current, emanating from Boer sources,
that Matt Steyn, brother of the presi
dent of the Orange Free States, and
800 Free Staters have definitely refused
to continue the war. Steyn, acting as
spokesman of the party, is reported to
have told the president that he was
only authorized to intervene in the in
terest of peace, and that the burghers
did not feel that they were bound by
his "unwarrantable conduct," especial
ly as they ran the risk of confiscation
of their property, and they simply de
sired to be permitted to farm in peace,
and proposed to immediately return to
their farms.
Sir Charles Howard Vincent, member
of parliament and colonel of the queen's
Westminster volunteers, has been ap
pointed to command the infantry di
vision of the City of London Imperial
regiment.
The text of Colonel Baden-Powell's
proclamation to the burghers besieg
ing Mafeking, the gist of which has
already .en cabled, comes from Lo
renco Da rquez to-day. After assert
ing that the republic cannot hope for
foreign intervention and pretending to
relate 'the exact attitude of all the
European powers, including Emperor
William, who, the colonel said, fully
sympathizes with England, Baden
Powell makes the extraordinary state
ment that the American government
has warned others of her intention to
side with England should any of themu
interfere.
A war office dispatch from Baden
Powell, dated Dec. 12, after announc
ing that Lady Sarah Wilson had ar
rived safe and well at Maafeking, adds
that bombardment and musketry fire
continues daily on all sides and that
the health and spirits of the garrison
are very satisfactory.
REMAINS A MYSTERY,
German Newspaper's Statement Quashed
by Offiial Denial.
New York, Dec. 29.-A dispatch to
-the Tribune from London says: The
Anglo-German agreement remains a
mystery, the Berlin Lokal Anzelger's
version having been quashed by offi
cial denial. All well-informed diplo
mats are convinced, however, that Ger
many will enlarge her colonial posses
sions in some quarter at the end of the
war :,nd will have a free hand when
she wants it in the future in Asia
Minor or elsewhere.
It is not considered probable that
Lord Salisbury has consented to thl
sale of Goa, Macao and Damon to
Germany, but the future of the East
African possessions of Portugal was
discussed without doubt at *the foreign
office with the German ambassador a
year ago. The German emperor and
Mr. Chamberlain are known to have
held a prolonged consultation at Wind
sor castle a few weeks ago, and by the
process of exclusion the diplomats have
reached the conclusion that East Africa
was the subject which interested them.
It may be premature or unsafe to
cary out these arrangements at pres
ent, in view of the Russian reprisals in
Herat and the French intrigues in Mo
rocco, but the shrewdest observers in
diplomatic circles forecast the ultimate
occupation of Delagoa bay by Great
Britain and the enlargement of Ger
many in East /Africa southward to
ward Zambesi. The German disclosure
is probably true to that extent, but has
been overloaded.
The British goyernment is embar
rassed without doubt by the Portuguese
neutrality, which cloaks trading on a
large scale with the Transvaal. While
the British army does not have a free
passage through Portuguese territory
into -the Transvaal on the shortest line
of march to Pretoria, the Boers them
selves are receiving European recruits
and military stores through Lorenco
Marquez. This back door would be
closed if Delagoa bay were either under
British or Boer jurisdiction, but it re
mains open under a neutrality which is
useful to trading and double dealing.
It is evidently inconvenient for the
British government to carry out any
pre-aranged scheme with Portugal and
Germany. The Berne arbitration award
respecting the Delagoa bay railway
cannot be made for three months, and
that will be the base for financial deal
ing with Portugal.
Moreover, Lord Salisbury cannot be
eager to challenge Russia to seize He
rat by the occu ltton of Delagoa bay.
Meanwhile the right of search at s.a
is exercised, and prize courts by con
demning cargoes of breadstuffs Wqay
set awkward precedents for England
herself, which is dependent upon im
ported food supplies in peace and in
war.
The American proposal for exempt
ing private property from seizure was
not adopted even by The Hague con
gress, and neutral rights in war time
are subject to the decision of prize
courts, as to what constitutes contra
band of war. This is the thearetic l
English view of 'the case. But in prac
tice the prize courts at Durban are not
likely to rule that foodstuffs are con
traband of war, although there is a
warrant for it in British seizures and
confiscation of rice during other peri
ods of histilities.
The war office continues to supply
its daily bulletin of news from the
front, Natal alone being excluded from
its scope. The man in the street is
spared the necessity of reading many
columns of belated and confused dis
patches from news agencies and spe
cial correspondents. He will see at a
glance this morning that Baden-Powell
was safe on Dec. 12: that neither Gat
acre nor French has met with any
fresh adventures, and that Methuen
holds his ground at Modder river, ^X
changing gun fire with the enemy and
constantly reconnoitering with his car
airy brigade.
(Continued on Page Two.)
THE YEAR IN BUSINESS
Bradstreet's Annual Review of
the Country's Trade.
ALL RECORDS SURPASSED
Widespread and General Upward Move
ment of Values in All Departments.
Smallest Numb3r of Buslness
Failures in 17 Years.
New York ,Dec. 29.-Bradstreet's re
view of "the year in itlsiness' to
morrow will say:
Rarely have sangulni commercial
and financial hopes ,or predictions
found such adequate realization as
they did during 18919. Certainly rnth
ing like the widespread and general
upward mnovemlent of values, alike of
staples and of securities, such as oc
curred during this. year, could have
been foreseen. Linked with an im
mense business and a record-breaking
production in nearly all lines of husl
ness and industry, except, perhaps, in
some products of the agricultural in
terest, there was an advance of staple
values which alone would have made
the year notable.
The volume of domestic and of for
eign trale alike was the largest ever
recorded, and the bank clearings, re
flecting immense business expansinm,
active speculation in stocks and Im
mense new industrial floatings, far sur
passed all previous records. Prices, as
a result primarily of the stimulation
proceeding from supply and demand
conditions, scored the greatest advance
in any single year and brought the
general level of staple values to the
highest point reached for more than
eight years past. Failure statistics
point to the smallest number reported
for 17 years past. These results have
come to pass in the face of a consider
ably lessened production of wheat and
an immense falling off in the yield ofat
cotton.
in industrial affairs, the year has
been one of enormnous expansion. Cer
tainly nothing like the general ad
vance in wages of industrial employes
has been witnessed for many years,
and this has been accomplished with
a minimum of friction.
The close of the year finds order
books tilled to from three to six
months ahead in nearly all lines. Dis
tributive trade was naturally of im
mense volume throughout the year,
though mild weather at the close tend
ed to modify the satisfaction with
which retail trade in winter fabrics
was regarded. This was, howevor.
partly compensated for by a holiday
business surpassing all previous rec
ords. o
Notwithstanding smaller exports of
agricultural products during the cal
endar year. breadstuffs shipments be
ing 15 per cent smaller, cattle and hogs
exports 12 per cent less, and cotton
shipments, owing to the short crop, at
least 15 per cent less, there was such
an expansion in our manufactured ex
ports that the entire export trade of
the year will considerably exceed that
of 'the last calendar year, which was
the heaviest recorded, and will Imake
the year no less notable in the line cf
foreign than in domestic trade, with
a total exports little less than $1,180,
000,000, an aggregate which will mark
a gain of :l per cent over the record
total of 1898. Imports have naturally
shown a marked revival, and if Ihe
gain for the 11 months is maintained
for the month of December, a total a
little below $800.000,000 may be expect
ed. which would guarantee a total for
eign trade well in excess of $2,000,000,
000, an amount, it mighit be remarked,
never before equaled. As to exports,
it is to be noted that nearly one-third
of all 'are manufactured products, a
proportion never before reached; and
as to imports, the heavy increase in
raw products intended for manufac
ture bears testimony to the activity of
domestic industry.
The apparent trade balance in our
favor, though not as heavy as in 1098,
will still aggregate an enormous sum.
That the advance in the price of sta
pies has not been a fictitious one or
based upon arbitrary action of com
missions, is evidenced by the fact that
a similar price movement ,has been
witnessed abroad, the general level of
prices in England for instance, being
higher on Dec. 1 this year than for
more than eight years past. The course
of values, too, has been in accordance
with expectations of economists, in
that the greatest relative rise has been
in manufactured goods or in products
of Industry not exclusively agricultural.
Breadstuffs alone, of all classes of sta
ples, are actually lower now than they
were a year ago, the decline being
about 6 per cent. On the other hand,
the manufactured, or partly manufac
tured, products, such as metals, raw
and manufactured textiles, building ma
terial, coal and naval stores, have
scored remarkable gains. Metals, as
a whole, are 50 per cent. higher than a
year ago, due largely, of course, to the
forward rush of iron and steel prices,
which have all practically doubled in
value within the year.
Raw cotton and wool have made es
pecially noteworthy advances, and from
being among the most depressed of in
dustries the textile manufacturing
trades have become among the husiest
there is record of. Other textiles have
shares in this advance, with the result
that the textiles, as a class, are one
third higher than a year ago. Coal
and coke have shared In the wonderful
industrial development of the year with
a rise equal to that in textiles, and
building materials, too, have made
equal gains, owing mainly to the mark
ed advance in lumber.
Naval stores show a gain of nearly
one-third in price, hides and leather
are one-fourth higher, live stock, dried
fruits and oils are one-eighth' higher.
and provisions and miscellaneous prod
uets have all advanced.
Taking hank clearings as an index,
the outlook at present favors a total
at the country's clearing houses, mak
ing comparison with previous years of
74 per cent. over 1897 and of 51 per
cent. over 1892, while as compared with
1(94. the volume of clearings has prac
tically doublted. Active stock specu
lation and immense industrial float
ings, but, above all, enormous trade
and industrial activity naturally swell
ed the volume of clearings in the mid
die states, but the gains in the New
England group, including Boston,
where copper share sp.eculation was ex
tensive and where are the great manu
faucturing centers, were also consid
erable. The largest monthly clearings
up to December were reported in
March, while outside of the metrOplis
the heaviest totals were shown as late
as October.
The flurry in money late in L)ecem
ber swelled the weekly bank clearings
tn an unprecedented sum, making pos
sible an gtceptlonally heavy December
aggregate Decreases from 1898 at in
dividual cities were few and due mainly
to changes In methods unconnected
with the generally large business done..
As compared with 1894, every city in
the country naturally reports larger
clearings, but It is worth noting thati
13 cities in all show decreases from the
year 1892, which still remains at those
cities a year of unqualed trade.
The railroads of the country have
done the heaviest business In their his
tory, which is profed by the gains in'
gross and net receipts over all previous
records. That the transportation in
terests are determined to share still
further in the unexampled column of
tonnage offering, is proved by the gen
eral advance in rates schduled for Jan.
1, 1900. Railroad building, though
mostly of branches and feeders, was
the heaviest reported since 1890, was
double the average of the preceding
four years and 50 per cent. larger than
in 1899.
The record of embarrassments has
been of a steadily diminishing scale as
regards number and even in liabilities
the year's record is an exceptional one,
and, were it not for a few large fail
ures in the last two months of the
year, that period, as a whole, would
have been fairly entitled to the appel
lation of phenomenal. Though the
year's record is not as yet complete,
and the returns as to assets and lia
bilities are still more or less vague.
it may be stated that the total num
ber, of failures, based upon complete
returns for 11 months and partial re
turns for December, will be in the
neighborhood of 9,550. certainly little in
excess of that number, a total smaller
than in the preceding year by 17 per
cent., 26 per cent. fewer than in 1897,
36 per cent. lower than in 1896, 25 per
cent. smaller than in 1895 or 1894 and
40 per cent. less than in 1893, the year
of panic memory. As compared with
1892, there is even shown a decrease
of 6 per cent. and the number of fall.
ing traders. firms or corporations is in
fact the lightest since 1882. 17 years
ago.
As regards liabilities, while the show
ing is not so good as expected, there is
a reasonable hope of the aggregate not
being much in excess of $120,000,000,
which would lie 15 per cent. less than
in 189,. 23 per cent. smaller than in
1897. 51 per cent. less than in 1896, 70
yer cent. smaller than in the panic
year, 189t3. and only 11 per cent. more
than in 1092. a year of exceptionally
good trade.
The return of normal conditions is
indicated by the percentage of assets.
which may aggregate $62.000,000. The
percentage of those falling In business.
too, will show a marked shrinkage and
will be among the lowest ever reported,
the probabilities favoring a percentage
of .00085 this year against .0016 per cent.
last yeare..0120 in 1897, .0170 In 1893 and
.0100 per cent. In 1892. the emallest per
tentage in fact since 1882.
That the improvement in business
has made itself felt at last In all parts
of the country is indicated by the
Southern and Pacific states groups
showing the largest decrease in failures
from a year ago. fully one-third in each
case The buslneet community looks
forward to 1900 with at least equally
mixed feelings of hope and confidence.
ORDERS A COURT MARTIAL.
Captain Slufeldt Refuses to Obey the
recretary's lnstruetiols.
Washinglon, Dec. 22.-The war depart
ment has accepted the challenge of Cap
tain R. VW. Shufeldt. U. S. A.. retired,
has transmitted all the papers referring
to the case of the officer to Major Gen.
eral Merritt. commanding the depart
ment of the East at New York, for court
martial proceedings. Several days ago the
adjutant general, by direction of the see
rotary of war, ordered Captain Shufe.dt
to place himself within the jurisdiction of
the civil courts of Maryland. before
which that officer was the defendant in
divorce proceedings.
Captain Shufeldt wrote a letter to the
secretary of war protesting against the
attion of the military authorities and
notifying him that he must decline to
place himself withlin the jurisdiction of
the Maryland court. lIe told the secre
tary that he had been under military ar
rost for more than a year and that he
con-idered the order issued in his case
as unreasonable, as it would be one which
would require him to commit murder or
some other crime.
All the correspondence in the case has
been referred to General Merritt with
instructions to order a court-martial for
the trial of Captain Shufeldt on charges
of scandalous conduct and comluet unbe
coming an officer.
ONLY SPORADIC CASES.
Plague Scare in Japan In Practically
Over-A Financial Panic.
San Francisco, Dec. 29.-Correspondene,
of the associated press from Yokohama,.
dated Dec. 12, says:
The plague scare has subsided, only.a
sporadic case being now and then re
ported. while the vigilance of the au
thorities is undiminished. The entire em
pire, through the unprecedented cleaning
up which has taken place. will be a gain
er from the visitation of the scourge.
In the Japanese political field all is ap
parently serone. TI.t- diet adjourned from,
day to day with brief routine sessions and
a complete abseht'nce of exciting issues.
Those behind the, scenes, however, predict
a speedy overturn of the cabinet through
the clamor of the spoils politicians who
are demanding the political control of
ofatccs. Financially. Japan has recently
passed through somewhat of a panic, il
lustlrating in a curious way the far-reach
ing influence of the war at the antipodes.
and also the inability of the nation to
adapt itself to the conditions of modern
finance. The flurry was occasioned by the
exodus of gold to the amount of some
8,0),()000 yen ($4,000.000). It is now, however,
practically over. and were it not for the
strained relations between foreigners and
natives. business would be proceeding
quietly in the accustomed channels.
All Well on the Logan.
Washington. Dec. 29.-The adjutant
general received a dispatch to-day
saying that the transport Logan, carry
ing the 41st volunteer infantry, arrived
at Singapore to-day en route to Manila,
with all well on board.
Football Team Goes North.
San Francisco. Dec. 29.-The Stanford
football team, utnder the charge of Man
ager Berry and Coach Chamberlain, left
for Portland and Seattle to-night. The
team is scheduled to nlay the Multnomah
team at Portland Jan. 1 and the Seattle
Athletic club at Seattle on Jan. 3.

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