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ENGLANO FACES A CRISIS
New Year's Day W.11 Be a Gloomy One in the Kingdom. NEEDS AMERICA'S HELP Friendship of the United States Sud denly Becomes a Thing o Price less Value--A Day or Reck oning for Some One. Copyrighted 1I99 by Assoclated Press. London, Dec. 30.-It is strange to note that as the New Year dawns for Great Britain the greatest army she ever put in the field remains passive in South Africa, held at bay by two of the smallest republics en the face of the earth, while at home, In spite of the large volume of trade and apparent prosperity, her financial interests are in a state of Instabilly, not seen since the Baring crash. All Europe is yelp Ing at her heels, and the necess:ty for America's friendship is recognized on all sides. Papers and people that for years have been ready with a jibe for America's good will no longer make any attempt to Belitttle the desirability of securing h r friendship. "America," says the Globe, usually humorous at the expense of all things trans-Atlantic, "with a crop of 542,000. 00 bushels, is especially in a position to help us." The economic shoe already begins to pinch the military foot. Not very seri ously, but enough to suggest grave cogitations as to what would happen if Great Britain would war with a great power. The fact that the gov ernment has chartered so many trans ports has resulted in a r:se In the pr ce of bread stuffs. while coal is rising by leaps and bounds to famine prices. It Ln such unpleasant results as these that silence the scoffer at ,things Ameri can and Induce such a vituperative publication as the Saturday Review to say: say: V "The Americans have had the'r eyes open as to the poss:billtiea of a for eign policy and are taking'a sounder, besides a cooler view of the situat on. They are not less friendly to us than before, but the insincere element has been eliminated and has left a reliable sub-strata of good will," which concat enation the . Saturday Review, under different circumstances would doubt less have construed into damning evi dence of the insincerity of American friendship. It must not be inferred that this v'ew is held by many of the snoere Eng lish friends of America who now poirt to what they are plea-ed to term its great friendliness as p:onf of what they have always maintained. With such a serious outlook for the coming year, it Is hardly surpris:ng that art'cles appear under the headin°, "Are We Decadent?" and similar strains. On the other hand, there is still a small section of the press and public which devotes its energies to senseless ly atising the Boers and prophesying the speedy entry of the British into Pretoria. Yet on the whole, the organs voicing the better class of opinion, face 1900 and its eventualities in South Africa with an even-minded, unhys terical determination that compels ad miration. That there will be a day of reckoning for some one is a certainty that even the most guarded and con servative do not try to conceal. Whether it be LTrd Lansdowne. Lord Wolseley or General Buller, it is impos sible to tell. But all the information obtainable at present and the gist of criticisms point to Lord Lansdowne having to shoulder the onus for the terrible mismanagement. While Great Britain feeds content edly upon long special cables yhowing American friendship, the Boer agents in Europe believe sentiment in the United States has been gradually turn ing Boerward until the time is now ripe to develop it into material effect. Under this impression the associated press learns they are contemplating dispatching a special mission to the United States for the purpose of in fluencing public opinion, possibly by open meetings and by personally as slasting the efforts of those in congress whom they believe friendly. Moreover, they consider it advisable to off-set what they declare has been a system atic campaign of John Hays Hammond, the American engineer who was a member of the Johannesburg reform committee, to influence Washington opinion. If the plans now under con sideration" are carried out the mission will include a very prominent Boer agent and a pro-Boer member of the British parliament, who intended to sail this week, hut was prevented by what is thought to be a temporary blitch in the arrangements. Their de sire is to affiliate themselves with no particular party, but influencing polit teal and public opinion to secure at least an offer of mediation from the United States. A representative of the associated press has made careful inquiries, but failed to find any circumstances to warrant the belief that such an offer, however made. would receive the slightest consideration. The British government is threat ened with a coal famine, the most se rious development of recent weeks. Unless the situation improwss many in dustrial concerns depending on the coal supply may have to suspend op erations before February, as their mar gin of profit is rapidly bl.ing wiped out. The root of the trouble appears to be withdrawal of so many collie:s to take their places In the ranks of the reserves. Wages have gone up. but labor is hard to find. The Christ mas congestion of traffic aggravates the situation, while the government's need of fuel for transports, war vessels and depots on toe way to the Cape has created an unprecendeted demand. Thomas Kite, the old parish clerk of Shakespeare parish, Is dead. He was h1 years of age and succeeded his fa ther and grandfather a half century ago and was well known to all dram atic celebrities. Senior wrangler bids fair to become a thing of the past at Cambridge, the board of mathematics having recom mended the abolition of this coveted distinction in the future. If the senate agrees, as is probable, the wranglers will all be classed alphabetically and none will he known who is the clever est mat: -matician of the year. For this .honor men have worked them selver crazy and It has been scured by some of the most propinent figures In English history. The death of Dwight L. Moody is universally commented on here and his visits to England have been recalled. The Times had a long editorial conm paring the career of Mr. 3lIoodv to that of the Duke of Westminster. The weeklies and even the half-penny even .ng sheets all paid tribute to the dead evangelist. A mnwmsrial service held in London was largely attended. Among the latest distinguished men going to South Africa is Captain tlol ford, who is one of the closest friends of the Prince of Wales and his equerry. The captain salls Jan. 6 'to join his regiment, the First Life Guards. From 1888 to 1892 Captain Holford was equer ry to the late Duke of Clarence, and since then has been equerry to the Prince of Wales. He is a wealthy land owner and proprietor of Dorchester House, London, famous for its picture galleries. The king of the Belgians goes on a yacht for a cruise in the Mediterranean in January, returning to Belgium in March. King Mnnelik of Abyssinia is soon going to Cairo as the guest of the khe dive, thus di-pooing of the storie: that he is collecting an army to invade the Soudan. Nearly all the military men in Dub lin are wearing mourning for General Robert's son. LI'S NEW JOB. Chinese Stateosmn Is MInde Viceroy of Iwo Vrorlneel. Wahinreton, Dec. 30.-Chinese Minis*er Wu Ting Fang 'is receved a dispatch from China stating that LI Hung Chang has been appointed acting viceroy of two prov!inee in the south of China, adjacent to Canton. The r'lnlster eays this is a marked distinction to the venerable Chl nse statesnman, as the provonccs are among the moat populous and commer. dcally important in the empire. The ds patch clears up the m!sapprehension created by a recent un.c'r!al dispatcb stating that Earl Li would be made viceroy of one province, that of Canton. The appearance of i.t Itung Chang at Sthe hend of afflnrs n S'9thern China it t. believed will have an Important influencs in that qunarter, where the French "sphere of influence" is supposed to be located. SIGNAL COF PS ATTACKED. . Four Either Killed or Captured-Mar rlucr Dreree New York, Dec. 10.-A dispatch to the Herald from Manila says: Six men of the siognl corps were attacked Thursday at Talevera, east of Tarlac, by a forco of 200 insurgents and four of them were either killed or captured. A dispatch staing that the Filipinos were harrassing the entire Lingayen coast from Vigan to San Jacnto in small bands, and that Lleutenant J C. Gilmore • and the members of the cruiser York town's crew, who are prisners of the rebels, had been separated end were with the 'ronrgent hands in the northern mountains, is not believed, as General t o.ng as contrary advlces. The strength of the wsurgents at Ma talahon caused surprise to the Americans. Merchants here are anxiosus to have thes campaign ir Cavite province begun so that it may he the sooner finlshed and the ports be opened to trade. General Otis' recent decree utthor!zttg civil marriages makes no provision for I dtorce. Only the Catholic reasons for Fparation ere recognized n tihe order. Girls 12 years old and boys 14 are permit ted to marry with the consent of their parents, but otherwise they must be 21 years old. In order to remove any d.iuit of the status of Protestant marriage. performed during the last year by army chaplains. where one of the contractlng parties was a Catholc, General Otis' order was made retroactive. Native women who have married soldiers without Cathol!e rites have been ostracized by their relatives. Justice Arellano requested the nm'ss'on of a divorce c'ause from the decree be cause of the belief of the Flliptncs that the marriage tie cannot be btken. 'OTIS IS WORRIED, Twenty Thounand WetI-eqntipped Insur erents Op nar H'm in ('c:*te. Special Dispatch to the Standard. New York. Dec. 30.-The World's Hong Kong special says: "It is well known here that General Otis is much worried over the situation in Cavite province. There are 21,000 organized in surgents in Cavite. and as many peas ants have rifles and are ready to take a shot at an American whenever op portunity is offered. Before General ILawton's death it had been planned that his movements to subjugate Ca vite should be pursued two weeks or longer if necessary. His death has had a depressing effect on the troops, and the fighting since then, with its list of American casualties, makes absurd the statement tiat the war is over. Negotiations are said to be in progress for the surrender of the province. There has been talk of this sort of thing befc-e, but neg tiattons fell through. If they fall now, Otis, it is thought, will depend upon American successes in the north, and famine in the south to bring about a disposal of the southern insurgents. No Manila paper is allowed to criticise the admin istration or to publish the news from the United States relative to the Phil ippine policy of the government. The $30 reward brings in few rifles. Out side of the northern provinces no one is safe without a good sized military escort. _ A Second Enaengmeut. Manila. Dec. 31, 9:30 a. m.-Colonel Lockett has had a second engacement with the insurgents northwest of Mon talban, and by a brilliant sharge drove Ithe enemy from their position. Only one American officer and five soldlets were wounded, but the loss of the in surgents was heavy. Our troops cap tured a number of rifles and a quan tity of ammunition and provisions. County Clerk Reslcns. Special Dispatch to the Standard. Boulder, Dec. 20.-Eugene Plcot, county clerk and recorder, has tendered his resig nation to the board of commissioners, to take effect as soon as his successor can be appo!nted and qualified. Mr. Picot has proved to be a very popu:ar and efficient officer, and on Dec. 31 completes the first year of his fourth term in that offic- seven years. The board of commission ers will have a special meeting on Jan. 9 to consinoer the matter of an appoint ment for the vacancy. Mr. Picot will. as soon as released from his official dut:es take a place wityw.the Gaffney Mercantile company of Boulder. "" To Avoid Great Faults, Beware of Small Ones." So, also, if you `would be free from serious diseases, beware of the little germs of badness in your blood. That smual pimple, that little distress in the stomach calls for Hood's Sarsaparilla to prevent the development of dyspep sia, scrofula, or other painful diseases. Scrofula - "" fy boy suffered twith scrofula when young. Two boi ties of Hood's Sarsaparilla cured him. He is now ten. Our physician advised its use. We al-ways recctnmend it." &'JCs. E. C. Clipper, 8 Kidder St., Ceveland, Ohio. h! dSa4Ja GI[D AND SILVER OUTPU1 Director Roberts of the Mint Is sues a Preliminary Estimate. AN INCREASE OVER 1898 Production o' Gold In Montana Is Plea 'd at $4 191,077. and o' 8ilvor at $20,040,403, O 9intng Value. Compara ,va_ Tables. Washington, Dec. 30.--The preliminary estimate of the production of gold and silver in the United States during the cal endar year 1899, made by Mr. Roberts, the director of the mInt, shows a tota9 gold produe..on of $70,094,170, an Increa'e over the production last year of $6,236,670. The production of silver last year is es timated at $74,424.696, an increase during the year of $4,040,211. The gold produo tion by states for the years 1809 and 1898 is given as followe: -Gold Production 1899. 1898. Nevada ................$ 2,442009 $ 2.991.50 Washington ...... .... 06,202 778.200 Oregon .. .............. 1.550,387 1,776,100 Alaska ............. 4,%,9 819 2,561,8 0 California .......... 14.952 392 15,637.00 Idaho .... ............. 2.480,620 1.716,9 0 Montana .......... 4.191,971 6,126.900 Utah ............ ...... 3.369,509 2,2.s 401 A ppalachlan States .. 337.344 327.700 Colorado .............. 20,000,000 23,105,300 South Dabkota 6.120,000 5.099,700 Arizona .. ... 2,0 000 2.485.100 New Mexico ...... . 600,000 539,000 Wyoming .... ..... 6,000 ......... Othera ................ 500 .. Total ........ ........$70,694,170 $64,457.500 British Klondike ......$18114,150 ........... The estimated pro.lucton of silver dur log 1899 and 1898 is given as follows: -Coining Value 1899. 1898. Nevada ..... .... ......$ 1,254.800 $ 1,040 Washington ...... .... 452525 328,921 Oregon ..... .. 194940 168,081 Alaska ............ .... 258.5 119.467 California .......... 1,398.363 830,4:8 Idaho ........... .... 5.171.717 8,500 6I3 Montana ............ 20040,403 19,144 63 Utah .................. 9,69 919 8.399 "'0 Appalachian States ... 9,017 2,086 Colorado .. .... .... 31,081,7 29,490 :8 South Dakota ......... 550,700 196,913 Arizona .............. 3,000,000 2,904.974 New Mexico .......... 600.00 594 493 Texas .... ...... ...... 60 000 611.423 Others .............. 42,920 ... Total ...... ......74.42 $70.31t,41. British Klondike ...... 252.000. CALIFORNIA'S PRODUCTION. Annual Recapitulation Shows Large In rcrese il All Lintes. San Franclsco, Dec. 30.-The annual number c; the Chronicle, giving a re- 1 view of the progress of Californ a dur ing 15899, which will be iss:ncd to-mor row, shows a remarkable gain in finan cial, commercial, manufacturing, min ing and agricultural lines. The bank t clearings of San Francisco show an in crease of more than $140.000.000, and in;reased balances of more than $16, 030,000. .The city banks' resources d :r ing the post four months increased $3,600,000 and their deposits $6,300,000. More than $10,000,000 in div:dends was distributed to stockholders of corpora- I tions listed on the stock exchange. The business of the port increased nearly $11.000,000, in combined exports and im ports. The Chronicle estimates the whiat crop of 1899 at 30.833,333 bushels; Bar ley, 20,782,608 bushels; beet sugar, 21.230 tons; hops, 325,000 pounds; wool, 29,500, 000 pounds; honey, 75 carloads; orarges and lemons, 11,275 cars; decldu us fruits, 6,869 cars; ra'sins, 66,000,:0) pounds; prunes, 98,500.000 pounds: dri d fruits, 29,150,000 pounds; nuts, 450 cars; dry wines, 10,600,000 gal'ons; sweet wines. 5,000,000 gallons; brandy, 575,000 gallons; canned fruit, 2,900,000 cases: gold, $15,500,000; coprer, 21,000,000 pounds; quicksilver, 23,947 flasks. This shows a most notable increase, espe cially in copper, which is fast bcorm ing a leading mineral product. A single copper company distributed $650,000 In dividends during the year. The total lumber output of the redwood coun ties is estimated at 200,8869,297 feet, an increase of 30,000,000 feet over 1898. UTAH'S MINERAL OUTPUT, A Big Increase Shown Oyer the Produo lion of Last Year. Salt Lake, Utah, Dec. 80.-Wells Fargo & Co.'s annual sta'ement of the mineral product of Utah for 1890 shows: Increase Value. Over 1898. Copper ...... ..$1,246,000 $819,309 ,ad ......... 2,701,869 351,871 Silver .......... 4,612."51 208,497 Gold .... ........ 3,465,320 367,320 Total .......$12.205,540 Computing the gold and silver at their mint valuation and other metals at their value at the seaboard, it would increase the value of the product to $19,027,098. Colorando' Production. Denver, Dec. 30.-In its annual re view of the business progress of the state of Colorado, which will be pub iLsed to-morrow morning, the Rocky Mountain News gives the following es timates, based on what it considers authentic information, of the raw pro ducts of the state in 1899: Gold, $31,329.056. Silver, $12,680,250. Copper, $1,854.236. Lead. $4,641,259. Orocog at the Ep ,sortn. Portland Ore.. Dec. 30. -Fifteen cases of Oregon products. to repr.sent the state at the Paris exposition, were started to day. This wfl: be In addition to the 30 eases of products already sent forward. which represented grains and grasses. fruits and specimens of commercial woods. The shipment to-day represents Oregon flour and manufactured cereals, canned Columbia river salmon and Oregon-grown seeds. The exhibits will be sent to San Francisco, from which point the Southern Pacific railroad company will tale it to Paris and exhibit it in connection with products of all the states through which the Southern Pacific system runs. The mineral exhibit for Oregon will go for ward later through the same channels. Prospeetive Grnm a Suicide. Chicago. Dec. 30.-While the lifeless body of James W. Peletter lies at the county morgue. a disappointed woman at Norfolk, Va.. waits for the coming of her betrothed. It developed to-day that Pele tier, who committed suicide Tuesday in a cheep lodging house, was on hip way to Virginia to bhe married to a woman who has waited for him seven years. He came to Chicago from Marysville. with a good supp:l of money. But before he had been in Chicago long his money, rail road ticket and baggage checks were stolen. He made his way to a hotel on Deartor 11 d told his story to the propftetrr. '[ declared he had written to.hi rdii&i Missouri and expected that they Vi,4.aiend him money to go on with hii .flti y, in a few daya The money did' o! hrive and, becoming de sponSant; hi, t laudanum and died at the county h~bpital. ON TRIAL FOR CONSPIRACY. FOur Min Who Aru charged With De fI.Alii.;r the Government. New Yotki Dec. 30.-Benjamin D. Greehe, Cot lOhn F. Gaynor, Edward H. Gaynor khd William T. Gaynor, members of the AtlanCc Dre3ging and Contracting company, jointly indicted with Michael A. Conneliy and former Captain Oberlin M. Carter, Un;ted States engineer corps, for conspir:tcy, resulting in a loss to the government of $57,749.,0 In conr.ncton with the Savannah river and Cumberland sound contracts; appeared for examination to day before-United States Commissioner Shields. The indictmtrit on which the Cay-1 nors and Greene were arrested by United Stnteb Mnrrha! Henkel was ffond in the early part of December In the Savabieirh d:s;:,ct. The con tractors are reOiresnted by the firm of Kellogg, 'Rose & Smith, who are pre pared to mple a bitter fight against the removal df'flih men to Savannah for trial. Counsel for the defendants contended that the indictment was de fective, instancing that the enunt which alleges that the contractr-is in furtherance of their scheme arranged for materials; at the least cost to them seolves and the greatest cost to the United States. He maintained that the laegation was too general and that It d i. not specify a single act whtch the accused would be required to answer in any court n 'the Uni'ed States. District Attorney Burnt offered a copy of the Savannah indictment in evidence, but eolinsel for the defense took the position that a copy wou!d not suffoee when the original was with in the Jurisdiction s>f the court. The commssion ov,-rrulsd the defense in both Initances. Captain C. `. Gillttt, corps of Unit ed States 4Lsineers. Savannah, Ga., was the first witness put on the stand by the government. The witness iden tified the four contractors in court and said that MiChael Connelly and Cap tsain Carter vere not present. Captain Gillett said he had appeared as a wit ness before the grand jury in Savan nah, which had found the indictments against thd contractors. Lawyer. Reese Said he was not pre pared to go on with the crsee-examina tion to-day, which, he says, would consume at least two 1ours. It wa then agreed that the examination should be continued on Wednesday. BROKERS FAIL, S swart & Co. Go t ho te Wall With lHeavy L abilities. New York, Dec. 30.-Stanley IH. Stew art, doing business as Stewart & Co., banl."rs and brokern at No. 40 Wall street, filed a petition in bankruptcy to-day. The petition was sworn to by Mr. Stewart on Dec. 28 in Washing ton, D. C. The scheJules give the lia bilities, as a firm, at $282,11t, and those of Mr. Stewart, individually, at $41,853. The firm's assete nominally are $1.212. a55, and individually $1,000. The firm's assets include $340,900 in stocks and bonds of the Commercial Gas company, the Morley.Acetylene Gas company and the Union Railway company of Kansas City, Mo.: $650,OO00claim for damages, of which $5t10000O, iagainst Charles A. Moring and $15400 against the St. Lawrence Construction Company; $170. 615 debts due, the largest being $123,235 from the MI. F. Armstrong & Crown Exploration company of London. Of the liabilltieet $241,477 are secured by stocks and bdnds, valued at $751,307. Among the secured creditors are the Colonial Trust company, $105,000, and the Hanover Nat.onal bank, $66,202. CHANGES IN OFFICIALS. Great Northern Annsralces a Number of New Appsilatments. St. Pattl, Minn., Dec. S0.-Circulars were Issued by the Great Northern to day confirming the reports of changes in the staff of superintendnts and as sistant superintendents Jan. 1. One circular announces the resignation of J. M,. Davis as superintendent of the Breckinridge diviestn and the appoint ment of F. J. Hawn to succeed him. Mr. Hawn has been assistant super intendent of the Montana division for several months. He will be succeeded by J. C. Nolan, now on another divis ion. Another circular appoints R. A. Wilkinson as right of way and tax commissioner of the Spokane Falls & Northern, the Nelson & Fort Shepard and the Red Mountain railroads, with headquarters in St. Paul. MRS. MAHER DEAD. Postponement of to-Morrow's, Fight Is Now fevit.bae. Special Dispatch to the Standard. New York, Dec. 30.-Peter Maher's wife died in Philadelphia at a late hour to-night. Mrs. Maher gave birth to a baby girl on Christmas morning. The child lived only two days, and to-night the mother died. A postponement of the Irishman's fight, which was to have been decided at the Coney Island Sporting club Monday afternoon, Is now inevitable. ON THE TRACK. At Oiklinnd. San Francisco, Dec. 30.-Weather. at Oakland cloudy, track sloppy. Resu'ts: First race, five fur'onug se!lling-Sn Mateo won, Silver Tone second. Etta H. third; time, 1:20. Second race, six fur longs, selling-High Hoe won, Pat Mor rlFesy se6ond, Ro'alhra third; timo. 1:15,. Third race, mile and a sixteenth. selling-Imperious won, Einstein second, Lost Girl third; time, 1:480%. Fourth race. mile and a quarter-Dr. Be-nays won, Meadowthorpe second, Lothian third: t:me, 2:10,.. Fifth race. seven furlongs Sybarls won. Dr. Sheppard second. Dr. Nembula third; time. 1:2.%. Sixth rame, five furlongs-Afamada won, Plan sec ond, February third; time, 1:151A. At Now Orleans New Orlears, Dec. 30.-Results: First race, selling, mile and a sixteenth School Girl won. Nailor recond, Musket third: time, 1:51vs. Second race. handicap. five and a half furlongs-Trladitza won. Tom Gilmore second. Gold d'Or third; time, 1:08%. Third race, six furlongs-J. E. Cline won, Brown Vail second. Tobe rayne third: time, 1:144. Fourth race. New Orleans handicap. seven furlongs Imp. Mint Sauce won, Andes second, Molo third; time, 1:28%. Fifth race, sell ing. mile and a slxteenth--Yubadnm won Klondike Queen second, Joe Doughty third; time, 1:50. Discovered Vllu'able Mineral Winnipeg, Dec. 30.-W. J. McLean. for merly an oficer of the Hudson Bay dom pony, who was8 reported lost in the Northern Slave lake country, where he had gone in search of minerals for Chi cago parties, has reached here in safety. Ite reports having diecovered valuable copper ore In the Athabasca region, and says his party suffered no privations ow iug to the abundance of game. F[EE ACCESS TO CHBIN European Nations Oonour in the "Op n Door" Pohloy. RESPONSES WERE PROMPT Alh oa the Powers Addressed, With the Ezoi pron o Italy, Have Sign flld Their Readiness to E %ter Into a Common Agreement. Washington, Dec. 30.-The negotls tions opened by Secretary Hay with the great powers of Iurope and the Japanese toward secuing a bommon understanding for a continued "open door" policy throughout China have met with most gratiyitng results. The state department is unwilling at pres ent to make public the nature of the replies received, as this is not embodied in a special message to congress. But in other quarters, thoroughly reliable and in a posilion to have trustworthy information, it is learned that favor abe responses have been made by tGreat Britain, Germany. France and aucsia, the Russian communication coining as late as yesterday. There is no aoubt, it is thought nere, that italy, the remaining country adaressed, will I make favoraole Answer if, inooed,- it has not already done so. The position of Italy 1s felt to be assured by the favorable course adopted by the other four great powers of rurope. ',lie importance of this unanimous verulct by all the flirst-class powers of the world--Greast Bltain, Russia, Gar many, France, Italy and Japan, in cu.ijunction with the United ntates can hardly be overestimated, so .ar as It reates to thle future of China and tile commerce of the world in that em pire. The state department is loath to discuss the farreaching results to be ,ecured, when the agreement ad vances to the stage of formal consuin mation, for each favorable response Is conditioned on the favorable action of all the other parties, so that in each case the negotiation may be regarded as short of absolute finality. But, while the department is silent, the details come from sources believed to be fu.iy conversant with what has occurred. According to this information, the British aiiewer was the first to be sub mitted and was exceptionally compre hensive and explicit in yielding to every suggestion made by the United States reative to maintaining the freest en try to the ports of China. The British answer is said to emphasize concur renc. with the United States by adopt ing, word for word, much of the r phraseology employed by Secretary Hay when he addressed his original note to Great Britain and other p,rw Sra. The wording is such as to make plain that the ,British government c.n curs, for the present and hereafter, without limitation, in a policy of free s accos to China. Although much secrecy was observed In the transmission of the British an swer, its general purport soon became known to the other European capitals, and there was not a little irritation at what Wtas regarded as a precipitate re sponse, purposely designated to embar rass the continental powers by showing Great Britain and the United States acting in concert, whIle the rest of the world held aloof. But the situation was made much more satlsfaý.ory to the continental powers by their determina tion to act for themselves. Germany is said to have been the next power to answer in the affirmative. According to the information already referred to, tile German answer was rather more vague than the one wh'ch had preceded it, but its general tehdenoy was favor able, the only condition being tlat any arrangements as to free access to Chira should be universal and assented to by all of the powers. The French answer is-understood to have come next and the circumstances attending. it were rather peculiar and not in the nature of a direct answer, although the result was regarded as most satisfactory. Secretary Hay's note had been forwarded to Gen. Hor ace Porter, the United States ambas sador to France, who promptly called upon M. Del Casse, minister of foreign affairs in the French cabinet. General Porter made known his miesson, where upon M. Del Cases showed the most sympathetic spirit and stated that he had already made ample answer to General Porter, although at the time he had not intended it as an answer to the American note. This answer, M. Del Cas.e explained, was given in a speech made by him on Nov. 24 in the French chamber. Tle main point of that speech, In Its reference to China, was that France desired the most ampl, freedom of commerce. M. Del Casse referred General Porter to this spee h and told him that it fully gave the as surance which the United States se sired. It is said that the meetlrg was gr.tifying on both sties and w'th re sults copsidered to be favorable ac ceptance from France. The Russian negotiations have pro ceeded less briskly, so that it seemed for a time that Rusela's attitude might not be favorable. This was dissipate-l, however, by the Russian ambassador, Count Casalni. in the cnurSe of inter views with Secretary Hay. On these occasions Count Cas-inl pointed out that a hurried answer was by no means the best evidence of a favorable atti tude toward the Amerinan proposition, but tfat Russia was o:roceeding with due deliberation in order to arrive at snme solid ground for a permanent un derstanding. The Rus'iane were de rirous of weighing the many inciden I tal questirns involved. such as the ef Children in school? Then you have often heard them complain of headache; have frequently noticed how they go about in a listless, indifferent way, haven't you? does grand things for such children. It bringsaheaithy color to their cheeks, strengthens their nerves, and gives them the vigor that be longs to youth. All delicate children should take it. S c. and wl cL, .11 drugrists. SCOTT & tQOWhE, ,hemists, New York, feet of the understanding on the ter ritory known as "spheres of Influence,'' ,as well as on the territory actually leased to the foreign powers, such as Talien Wan, Klao Chau and the Brit ish and French ports. Besides giving these assurances. Count Cassini show ed personally the most friendly spirit toward the American proposition, as well as being desirous of giving an an swer in this case, which would be an other Instance of the friendly co-oper ation long observed betwe-n Russia and the United States. The Russian pesltion, it is understood. is similar to tVose preceding it with the same con dition that Rusota alone shall not be bohmnd. but that all of the interested countries Shall join in the agreement to keep the ports of China forever open. In what order In the negotiations Ja ran's favorable attited? was made krown cannot he eta'ed. but it suf flees that Japan ma.'e her position un mistalPable in fever of !he American ,I propli'ton, with t!e same reservation as in all the other cases. Although Italy is yet to be 'heard from definttoly. no doubt is entertained that this cuntry also will be favorable. thus making complete the satisfactory responses of all the great powers. permc'lnent Arbitralnlon Iomrd. Chicago, Dec. 30.-A permanent arbi tration board to settle all differences between labor unions and contrac oas and the averting of the chances of labor war practically were assured to day. At the m etlng of the hutldirg trades council and the building c n tractors council the report of the joint conference committee represent Ing the two organizations was ao cepted. The principal recommendation was the establishment of a permanent ar bitration board. This w:11 consist of all members a"d will deal with judi.lal difficulties that may arise. The a- ceptance of the plan settle- the question of sympathetic str kes, as if all troub'es are arbitrated there will be no necessity for any kind of a strike except as a last resort. Launchssg Wae a PF.tiee. U Wilmington. Del., Dec. 30.-The attempt t to launch the Windsor steamship Greclan n at the Harlan & Hollingsworth ship- ° yards to-day was a failure, the new ship d sticking on the ways. When the blocks 1 were sawed away and the vese-I started t for her plunge into the icy water, Mass a Windsor, daughter of the president of t the company, broke the traditional bot- 5 tre of wine and spoke the words that c named the ship. The huge hulk moved V only about 18 inches and then stuck. An investigation showed that the tallow on the ways had frozen. The vessel was made fast, shored up and it is expected f she will again be'started on Tuesday for her launching. Additlionel T,emo Allowed. Washineton, Dec. 30.-- The Columbian r Iron Work- of Baltimo:o, which is en- f gaged in the construction for the navy of the submarine boat Plunger and the torpedo boat Tingey, has notified the department formally that .ce concern has been placed in the bands of a re ceiver and has submitted an applica tion for an exteneion of time al!owed for the constructeon of the torpedo boat, The appilcvtton came before the naval conntruction board to-day and it was decided to allow the extension for an additional period of 11 months. Will Convene at 'hiern.g Chicago, Dec. 30.-In accordance with thb call irsued by the Y-ung Peopl 'e Temperance Federation of Amerien, through its political act'on departme-t, a convention will assemble in this c ty Sunday to consider the quest!on of ap plying the principles of C 'ri'ti' n!ty to the national government. Spe:llers will present the question from different points of view and an open d!scu'sion will be a feature of the executive part of the seslon. Plnscce Kills Five. Melbourne, Dec. 30.-Advices from Noumea, New Caledonia, says five whites there have been attacked by the plague, one dying. F:fteon Kanakas and Chinese died from the plague and 12 are under treatment. New Yolrk is Healthy. New York, Dec. 30.-The health board estimates that the five borou;ghs of New York city contain 3,550,000 inhabitants, a gain of 11,154 during 1898. The board's statistics show that no other city of 1,000,000 people in the world has so low a death rate. Carnegie's Present to Cheyenne. "Cheyenne, Wyo., Dec. 30.--Andrew Camrnegle to-day made Cheyenne a present of $50,000 to be used in the con struction of a free public library build Ing. Sir James Paret Dead. 1 London. Dec. 30.-The death is an nounced of Sir James Paget in his 86th year. LATEST THING IN BICYCLES. Wheels are Now Bult That Overcome All Obstacles. From the London I.eader. A large pumter of people yesterday witnessed on the Horse guards parade the i application of a series of severe tests to a new patent cycle, so designed that it may with safety he ridden over obstacles of considerable size and variety. One of the main objects of the inventor was to produce a machine suitable for military purposes and the military auth orities sent a cycle orderly to participate in the tests, with a view, it Is understood, of using the cycles to South Africa if they were found to be all that was claimed for them. Among those who were present were Shomberg K. McDonnell. Lord Pal isbury's principal private secretary, and a number of military officers. The machine has an absolutely rigid frame, hung on springs, much in the same manenr as a locomotive and its tender, the hubs of the wheel sliding in grooves. It Is clalmed that an average amateur cyclist can ride along a 30 or 40 rung ladder, lying on the ground, with out discomfort, and that even an elderly rider can negotiate bricks, four or five Inch curbs, deep ruts and obstacles which would ruin an ordinary machine and risk loss of life or limbs. There were several machines under test. The weights varied from 32 to 38 pounds and there were solid, cushion and pneu matic tires. The objects used were blocks of timber 9 inches wide by 3 inches thick. placed singly, and a pile of bricks about 6 Inches high, with a 3 inch takeoff. Over all these obstacles numerous riders passed in safety and, although It appeared to on lookers that there was a tremendous jar in the case of the larger obstacles, there was no discomfort. Ir. McDonnell tried a couple of ma chines and rode first at a great rate and then more slowly over all the obstacles. He expressed surprise that obstructions of such bulk could be negotiated without diffiulty or danger, lid said he regard ed the invention as a very remarkable one. A number of offtlers also appleda practical tests with satisfactory results. The machine, it Is c:a!med, is equally available for military and general pur poses. In appearare- it is very little dil ferent from the ord.nary high-class ey. Icle. The cyle orderly did his riding with a rifle tied to his machine. REFUSES THEI REIQUEST Attorney General Deolines to Interfere. NO CONSPIRACY IS SHOWN Mr. G irg Rules That the Proposet Ac. tion Does Not Come Within the ProimtOs on . the Ant- ' Trust Law. Washington, Dec. 80.-Attorney Gen eral Griggs to-day returned to the in terotate commerce commission the transcript of the evidence taken at, a hearing before the. commission last week in the matter of the new freight classification, with a view to action by the attorney general under .the anti trust law if In his judgment the mat ter should warrant the same. In his letter to the commission. Re ferring to the demand of the shilpers that legal action against the railroads be taken, the attorney general saya: "lou express no opinion on the mnt ter, but properly leave me to determine whether the facts should warrant me in applying for an injunction to restrain the operation of the new classifloation on the ground that, in adopting it., he railroad companies violated the anti trust law." Discussing the methods of the rail roads in establishing a common classi fication, the attorney general says: "There is an official classification committee, composed of some 14 rail road officials from different sectiohs. This committee meets on the call of its chairman and upon the request of three members. At its meetings suggested changes are considered. Such changes as the committee with substahtial unanimity tecommends are noted by the chalrlll and Incorporated inrto"a new official classification, which Is then submitted t, each company for Its in dividual action.! Some 60 railroad com panies thus independently pass u1pon the classification. They signify their adoption to the chairman, who, afler the official classification has been thus adopted, filet it with the interstate commerce commission in compliance with the law." with the law." Continuing, Attorney General Griggs says that the legality of the method of preparing, adopting and filing this of ficial classification has never before been questioned. Infact, he says, the question of legality was not raised in the case until after the railroad of01 cials had refused, during the course of the hearing before the inter-state com merce commission, to postpone the time for the new classification to take ef feet for 60 days. Furthermore, says the attorney general, it is apparent from the protests originally filed that it is the chances made, and not the meth od of makitig them, which is complain e i of. Taking up this question of the rea conableness of the rates, Mr. Griggs says: "A railroad company may raise its rates to an unreasonah!e point, it may discriminate among its shippers, it naay charge more for a short than a.long haul, but none of these acts, hbWoever unjulst and wron.gful, amounts 'to a Vi olation of the anti-trust law. To 'au thorize the attorney general to direct an injunction proceeding under the law it must be ehown that there is a con tract, combination * * * or con spiracy in restraint of trade or com merce among the several states. In the first place, there is no contract, com bination or conspiracy shown. There is consultation by repr"sentative rcil road men in committee respecting sug geeted changes in classification. There is subsequent independent action by railroad companies in the adoption of the new classification recommended by the committee. The testimony taken does not show that any railroad. acted under compulsion of a combination in adopting the official classification. It must be conceded that a common clas sflication by railroad companies op erating in the same territory. is a de sirable thing. Will it be insisted that railroads cannot co.fsult respecting freight classification, or that because one railway company adopts a ceitain classification, another cannot? The anti-trust law says there must be a contract, or combination or conspiracy. T.'s must be shown. And it must be shown that it is intended to regtrain individual action. This is not shown in the testimony submitted. "Moreover, there must not only be a contract, combination or conspiracy, but it must be in restraint of inter state commerce. As applied to carriers, this means a combination to suppress competition. It is only by suppret.lIng competition and arbitrarily fixing rates that a restraint can be put upon inter stateconl rc state commerce. "The filing of an official classifica tion does not fix the rates. It plhcee articles in certain classes, but the rates for the classes are determined by the railroad companies outside the clatsifl cation. If a railroad company main tains the existing rates the change of .an article from a lower to a higher class will increase the rate, but from a part that appears in this testimony every railroad company using the classification is at liberty at any time to change the existing rates upon giv ing the notice required by the inter state commerce act. Moreover, each railroad company is free to take any article out of the existing classiica tion by making a commodity rate. In other words. no suppression of compe tition, no arbitrary fixing of rates, no restraint of interstate commerce is shown. "The trans-Missouri and Joint Trafflo sesociation cases afford no precedent for the action requested in this case. 10ach of those associations was formed by a contract, under which the compa nies selected a central authority to fix and maintain rates. There was an ab solute suppression of competition. The power of independent action was de stroyed. No company could change a rate fixed by the managers of the asso clation without subjecting itself to a penalty. "If the testimony submitted showed a combintion among the railroad com panies to restrain commerce among the several states I would not hesitate' to invoke the rate provided by the anti trust law, but to take such action upon the face of the facts submitted would not only be futile, but absurd. If there be a remedy for the complaining ship pers, it lies in an appeal to your com miss!on under the interstate commerce law." Cop.nr Ctrcks Boston, Dec. 30.-Boston & Montana 262; Butte & Boston, 48; Parrot, 38~. Sllver in Y.nndon. London. Dec. 30--Anaconda. £8%; bar silver steady at 27 3-16d per ounce. New York at Plan Thosmas. .;t. Thomas. D. W. I., Dec. 30.-The i 'nitd States cruiser New York ar rived here last evening and leaves o. Jan. 2.