ENGLANO FACES A CRISIS
New Year's Day W.11 Be a Gloomy
One in the Kingdom.
NEEDS AMERICA'S HELP
Friendship of the United States Sud
denly Becomes a Thing o Price
less Value--A Day or Reck
oning for Some One.
Copyrighted 1I99 by Assoclated Press.
London, Dec. 30.-It is strange to note
that as the New Year dawns for Great
Britain the greatest army she ever put
in the field remains passive in South
Africa, held at bay by two of the
smallest republics en the face of the
earth, while at home, In spite of the
large volume of trade and apparent
prosperity, her financial interests are
in a state of Instabilly, not seen since
the Baring crash. All Europe is yelp
Ing at her heels, and the necess:ty for
America's friendship is recognized on
all sides. Papers and people that for
years have been ready with a jibe for
America's good will no longer make any
attempt to Belitttle the desirability of
securing h r friendship.
"America," says the Globe, usually
humorous at the expense of all things
trans-Atlantic, "with a crop of 542,000.
00 bushels, is especially in a position to
The economic shoe already begins to
pinch the military foot. Not very seri
ously, but enough to suggest grave
cogitations as to what would happen
if Great Britain would war with a
great power. The fact that the gov
ernment has chartered so many trans
ports has resulted in a r:se In the pr ce
of bread stuffs. while coal is rising by
leaps and bounds to famine prices. It
Ln such unpleasant results as these that
silence the scoffer at ,things Ameri
can and Induce such a vituperative
publication as the Saturday Review to
"The Americans have had the'r eyes
open as to the poss:billtiea of a for
eign policy and are taking'a sounder,
besides a cooler view of the situat on.
They are not less friendly to us than
before, but the insincere element has
been eliminated and has left a reliable
sub-strata of good will," which concat
enation the . Saturday Review, under
different circumstances would doubt
less have construed into damning evi
dence of the insincerity of American
It must not be inferred that this v'ew
is held by many of the snoere Eng
lish friends of America who now poirt
to what they are plea-ed to term its
great friendliness as p:onf of what they
have always maintained.
With such a serious outlook for the
coming year, it Is hardly surpris:ng
that art'cles appear under the headin°,
"Are We Decadent?" and similar
On the other hand, there is still a
small section of the press and public
which devotes its energies to senseless
ly atising the Boers and prophesying
the speedy entry of the British into
Pretoria. Yet on the whole, the organs
voicing the better class of opinion,
face 1900 and its eventualities in South
Africa with an even-minded, unhys
terical determination that compels ad
miration. That there will be a day of
reckoning for some one is a certainty
that even the most guarded and con
servative do not try to conceal.
Whether it be LTrd Lansdowne. Lord
Wolseley or General Buller, it is impos
sible to tell. But all the information
obtainable at present and the gist of
criticisms point to Lord Lansdowne
having to shoulder the onus for the
While Great Britain feeds content
edly upon long special cables yhowing
American friendship, the Boer agents
in Europe believe sentiment in the
United States has been gradually turn
ing Boerward until the time is now
ripe to develop it into material effect.
Under this impression the associated
press learns they are contemplating
dispatching a special mission to the
United States for the purpose of in
fluencing public opinion, possibly by
open meetings and by personally as
slasting the efforts of those in congress
whom they believe friendly. Moreover,
they consider it advisable to off-set
what they declare has been a system
atic campaign of John Hays Hammond,
the American engineer who was a
member of the Johannesburg reform
committee, to influence Washington
opinion. If the plans now under con
sideration" are carried out the mission
will include a very prominent Boer
agent and a pro-Boer member of the
British parliament, who intended to
sail this week, hut was prevented by
what is thought to be a temporary
blitch in the arrangements. Their de
sire is to affiliate themselves with no
particular party, but influencing polit
teal and public opinion to secure at
least an offer of mediation from the
A representative of the associated
press has made careful inquiries, but
failed to find any circumstances to
warrant the belief that such an offer,
however made. would receive the
The British government is threat
ened with a coal famine, the most se
rious development of recent weeks.
Unless the situation improwss many in
dustrial concerns depending on the
coal supply may have to suspend op
erations before February, as their mar
gin of profit is rapidly bl.ing wiped
out. The root of the trouble appears
to be withdrawal of so many collie:s
to take their places In the ranks of
the reserves. Wages have gone up.
but labor is hard to find. The Christ
mas congestion of traffic aggravates
the situation, while the government's
need of fuel for transports, war vessels
and depots on toe way to the Cape has
created an unprecendeted demand.
Thomas Kite, the old parish clerk of
Shakespeare parish, Is dead. He was
h1 years of age and succeeded his fa
ther and grandfather a half century
ago and was well known to all dram
Senior wrangler bids fair to become
a thing of the past at Cambridge, the
board of mathematics having recom
mended the abolition of this coveted
distinction in the future. If the senate
agrees, as is probable, the wranglers
will all be classed alphabetically and
none will he known who is the clever
est mat: -matician of the year. For
this .honor men have worked them
selver crazy and It has been scured
by some of the most propinent figures
In English history.
The death of Dwight L. Moody is
universally commented on here and his
visits to England have been recalled.
The Times had a long editorial conm
paring the career of Mr. 3lIoodv to that
of the Duke of Westminster. The
weeklies and even the half-penny even
.ng sheets all paid tribute to the dead
evangelist. A mnwmsrial service held
in London was largely attended.
Among the latest distinguished men
going to South Africa is Captain tlol
ford, who is one of the closest friends
of the Prince of Wales and his equerry.
The captain salls Jan. 6 'to join his
regiment, the First Life Guards. From
1888 to 1892 Captain Holford was equer
ry to the late Duke of Clarence, and
since then has been equerry to the
Prince of Wales. He is a wealthy land
owner and proprietor of Dorchester
House, London, famous for its picture
The king of the Belgians goes on a
yacht for a cruise in the Mediterranean
in January, returning to Belgium in
King Mnnelik of Abyssinia is soon
going to Cairo as the guest of the khe
dive, thus di-pooing of the storie: that
he is collecting an army to invade the
Nearly all the military men in Dub
lin are wearing mourning for General
LI'S NEW JOB.
Chinese Stateosmn Is MInde Viceroy of
Wahinreton, Dec. 30.-Chinese Minis*er
Wu Ting Fang 'is receved a dispatch
from China stating that LI Hung Chang
has been appointed acting viceroy of two
prov!inee in the south of China, adjacent
to Canton. The r'lnlster eays this is a
marked distinction to the venerable Chl
nse statesnman, as the provonccs are
among the moat populous and commer.
dcally important in the empire. The ds
patch clears up the m!sapprehension
created by a recent un.c'r!al dispatcb
stating that Earl Li would be made
viceroy of one province, that of Canton.
The appearance of i.t Itung Chang at
Sthe hend of afflnrs n S'9thern China it t.
believed will have an Important influencs
in that qunarter, where the French
"sphere of influence" is supposed to be
SIGNAL COF PS ATTACKED. .
Four Either Killed or Captured-Mar
New York, Dec. 10.-A dispatch to the
Herald from Manila says: Six men of
the siognl corps were attacked Thursday
at Talevera, east of Tarlac, by a forco
of 200 insurgents and four of them were
either killed or captured.
A dispatch staing that the Filipinos
were harrassing the entire Lingayen
coast from Vigan to San Jacnto in small
bands, and that Lleutenant J C. Gilmore •
and the members of the cruiser York
town's crew, who are prisners of the
rebels, had been separated end were with
the 'ronrgent hands in the northern
mountains, is not believed, as General
t o.ng as contrary advlces.
The strength of the wsurgents at Ma
talahon caused surprise to the Americans.
Merchants here are anxiosus to have thes
campaign ir Cavite province begun so
that it may he the sooner finlshed and
the ports be opened to trade.
General Otis' recent decree utthor!zttg
civil marriages makes no provision for
I dtorce. Only the Catholic reasons for
Fparation ere recognized n tihe order.
Girls 12 years old and boys 14 are permit
ted to marry with the consent of their
parents, but otherwise they must be 21
In order to remove any d.iuit of the
status of Protestant marriage. performed
during the last year by army chaplains.
where one of the contractlng parties was
a Catholc, General Otis' order was made
retroactive. Native women who have
married soldiers without Cathol!e rites
have been ostracized by their relatives.
Justice Arellano requested the nm'ss'on
of a divorce c'ause from the decree be
cause of the belief of the Flliptncs that
the marriage tie cannot be btken.
'OTIS IS WORRIED,
Twenty Thounand WetI-eqntipped Insur
erents Op nar H'm in ('c:*te.
Special Dispatch to the Standard.
New York. Dec. 30.-The World's
Hong Kong special says: "It is well
known here that General Otis is much
worried over the situation in Cavite
province. There are 21,000 organized in
surgents in Cavite. and as many peas
ants have rifles and are ready to take
a shot at an American whenever op
portunity is offered. Before General
ILawton's death it had been planned
that his movements to subjugate Ca
vite should be pursued two weeks or
longer if necessary. His death has had
a depressing effect on the troops, and
the fighting since then, with its list
of American casualties, makes absurd
the statement tiat the war is over.
Negotiations are said to be in progress
for the surrender of the province.
There has been talk of this sort of
thing befc-e, but neg tiattons fell
through. If they fall now, Otis, it is
thought, will depend upon American
successes in the north, and famine in
the south to bring about a disposal of
the southern insurgents. No Manila
paper is allowed to criticise the admin
istration or to publish the news from
the United States relative to the Phil
ippine policy of the government. The
$30 reward brings in few rifles. Out
side of the northern provinces no one
is safe without a good sized military
A Second Enaengmeut.
Manila. Dec. 31, 9:30 a. m.-Colonel
Lockett has had a second engacement
with the insurgents northwest of Mon
talban, and by a brilliant sharge drove
Ithe enemy from their position. Only
one American officer and five soldlets
were wounded, but the loss of the in
surgents was heavy. Our troops cap
tured a number of rifles and a quan
tity of ammunition and provisions.
County Clerk Reslcns.
Special Dispatch to the Standard.
Boulder, Dec. 20.-Eugene Plcot, county
clerk and recorder, has tendered his resig
nation to the board of commissioners, to
take effect as soon as his successor can
be appo!nted and qualified. Mr. Picot has
proved to be a very popu:ar and efficient
officer, and on Dec. 31 completes the first
year of his fourth term in that offic-
seven years. The board of commission
ers will have a special meeting on Jan.
9 to consinoer the matter of an appoint
ment for the vacancy. Mr. Picot will. as
soon as released from his official dut:es
take a place wityw.the Gaffney Mercantile
company of Boulder.
"" To Avoid Great Faults,
Beware of Small Ones."
So, also, if you `would be free from
serious diseases, beware of the little
germs of badness in your blood. That
smual pimple, that little distress in the
stomach calls for Hood's Sarsaparilla
to prevent the development of dyspep
sia, scrofula, or other painful diseases.
Scrofula - "" fy boy suffered
twith scrofula when young. Two boi
ties of Hood's Sarsaparilla cured him.
He is now ten. Our physician advised
its use. We al-ways recctnmend it."
&'JCs. E. C. Clipper, 8 Kidder St.,
GI[D AND SILVER OUTPU1
Director Roberts of the Mint Is
sues a Preliminary Estimate.
AN INCREASE OVER 1898
Production o' Gold In Montana Is Plea 'd
at $4 191,077. and o' 8ilvor at
$20,040,403, O 9intng Value.
Compara ,va_ Tables.
Washington, Dec. 30.--The preliminary
estimate of the production of gold and
silver in the United States during the cal
endar year 1899, made by Mr. Roberts,
the director of the mInt, shows a tota9
gold produe..on of $70,094,170, an Increa'e
over the production last year of $6,236,670.
The production of silver last year is es
timated at $74,424.696, an increase during
the year of $4,040,211. The gold produo
tion by states for the years 1809 and 1898
is given as followe:
Nevada ................$ 2,442009 $ 2.991.50
Washington ...... .... 06,202 778.200
Oregon .. .............. 1.550,387 1,776,100
Alaska ............. 4,%,9 819 2,561,8 0
California .......... 14.952 392 15,637.00
Idaho .... ............. 2.480,620 1.716,9 0
Montana .......... 4.191,971 6,126.900
Utah ............ ...... 3.369,509 2,2.s 401
A ppalachlan States .. 337.344 327.700
Colorado .............. 20,000,000 23,105,300
South Dabkota 6.120,000 5.099,700
Arizona .. ... 2,0 000 2.485.100
New Mexico ...... . 600,000 539,000
Wyoming .... ..... 6,000 .........
Othera ................ 500 ..
Total ........ ........$70,694,170 $64,457.500
British Klondike ......$18114,150 ...........
The estimated pro.lucton of silver dur
log 1899 and 1898 is given as follows:
Nevada ..... .... ......$ 1,254.800 $ 1,040
Washington ...... .... 452525 328,921
Oregon ..... .. 194940 168,081
Alaska ............ .... 258.5 119.467
California .......... 1,398.363 830,4:8
Idaho ........... .... 5.171.717 8,500 6I3
Montana ............ 20040,403 19,144 63
Utah .................. 9,69 919 8.399 "'0
Appalachian States ... 9,017 2,086
Colorado .. .... .... 31,081,7 29,490 :8
South Dakota ......... 550,700 196,913
Arizona .............. 3,000,000 2,904.974
New Mexico .......... 600.00 594 493
Texas .... ...... ...... 60 000 611.423
Others .............. 42,920 ...
Total ...... ......74.42 $70.31t,41.
British Klondike ...... 252.000.
Annual Recapitulation Shows Large In
rcrese il All Lintes.
San Franclsco, Dec. 30.-The annual
number c; the Chronicle, giving a re- 1
view of the progress of Californ a dur
ing 15899, which will be iss:ncd to-mor
row, shows a remarkable gain in finan
cial, commercial, manufacturing, min
ing and agricultural lines. The bank t
clearings of San Francisco show an in
crease of more than $140.000.000, and
in;reased balances of more than $16,
030,000. .The city banks' resources d :r
ing the post four months increased
$3,600,000 and their deposits $6,300,000.
More than $10,000,000 in div:dends was
distributed to stockholders of corpora- I
tions listed on the stock exchange. The
business of the port increased nearly
$11.000,000, in combined exports and im
The Chronicle estimates the whiat
crop of 1899 at 30.833,333 bushels; Bar
ley, 20,782,608 bushels; beet sugar, 21.230
tons; hops, 325,000 pounds; wool, 29,500,
000 pounds; honey, 75 carloads; orarges
and lemons, 11,275 cars; decldu us
fruits, 6,869 cars; ra'sins, 66,000,:0)
pounds; prunes, 98,500.000 pounds: dri d
fruits, 29,150,000 pounds; nuts, 450 cars;
dry wines, 10,600,000 gal'ons; sweet
wines. 5,000,000 gallons; brandy, 575,000
gallons; canned fruit, 2,900,000 cases:
gold, $15,500,000; coprer, 21,000,000
pounds; quicksilver, 23,947 flasks. This
shows a most notable increase, espe
cially in copper, which is fast bcorm
ing a leading mineral product. A single
copper company distributed $650,000 In
dividends during the year. The total
lumber output of the redwood coun
ties is estimated at 200,8869,297 feet, an
increase of 30,000,000 feet over 1898.
UTAH'S MINERAL OUTPUT,
A Big Increase Shown Oyer the Produo
lion of Last Year.
Salt Lake, Utah, Dec. 80.-Wells
Fargo & Co.'s annual sta'ement of the
mineral product of Utah for 1890 shows:
Value. Over 1898.
Copper ...... ..$1,246,000 $819,309
,ad ......... 2,701,869 351,871
Silver .......... 4,612."51 208,497
Gold .... ........ 3,465,320 367,320
Computing the gold and silver at
their mint valuation and other metals
at their value at the seaboard, it would
increase the value of the product to
Denver, Dec. 30.-In its annual re
view of the business progress of the
state of Colorado, which will be pub
iLsed to-morrow morning, the Rocky
Mountain News gives the following es
timates, based on what it considers
authentic information, of the raw pro
ducts of the state in 1899:
Orocog at the Ep ,sortn.
Portland Ore.. Dec. 30. -Fifteen cases of
Oregon products. to repr.sent the state
at the Paris exposition, were started to
day. This wfl: be In addition to the 30
eases of products already sent forward.
which represented grains and grasses.
fruits and specimens of commercial
The shipment to-day represents Oregon
flour and manufactured cereals, canned
Columbia river salmon and Oregon-grown
seeds. The exhibits will be sent to San
Francisco, from which point the Southern
Pacific railroad company will tale it to
Paris and exhibit it in connection with
products of all the states through which
the Southern Pacific system runs. The
mineral exhibit for Oregon will go for
ward later through the same channels.
Prospeetive Grnm a Suicide.
Chicago. Dec. 30.-While the lifeless
body of James W. Peletter lies at the
county morgue. a disappointed woman at
Norfolk, Va.. waits for the coming of her
betrothed. It developed to-day that Pele
tier, who committed suicide Tuesday in a
cheep lodging house, was on hip way to
Virginia to bhe married to a woman who
has waited for him seven years. He
came to Chicago from Marysville. with a
good supp:l of money. But before he
had been in Chicago long his money, rail
road ticket and baggage checks were
stolen. He made his way to a hotel on
Deartor 11 d told his story to the
propftetrr. '[ declared he had written
to.hi rdii&i Missouri and expected
that they Vi,4.aiend him money to go on
with hii .flti y, in a few daya The
money did' o! hrive and, becoming de
sponSant; hi, t laudanum and died at
the county h~bpital.
ON TRIAL FOR CONSPIRACY.
FOur Min Who Aru charged With De
fI.Alii.;r the Government.
New Yotki Dec. 30.-Benjamin D.
Greehe, Cot lOhn F. Gaynor, Edward
H. Gaynor khd William T. Gaynor,
members of the AtlanCc Dre3ging and
Contracting company, jointly indicted
with Michael A. Conneliy and former
Captain Oberlin M. Carter, Un;ted
States engineer corps, for conspir:tcy,
resulting in a loss to the government
of $57,749.,0 In conr.ncton with the
Savannah river and Cumberland sound
contracts; appeared for examination to
day before-United States Commissioner
The indictmtrit on which the Cay-1
nors and Greene were arrested by
United Stnteb Mnrrha! Henkel was
ffond in the early part of December
In the Savabieirh d:s;:,ct. The con
tractors are reOiresnted by the firm of
Kellogg, 'Rose & Smith, who are pre
pared to mple a bitter fight against
the removal df'flih men to Savannah
for trial. Counsel for the defendants
contended that the indictment was de
fective, instancing that the enunt
which alleges that the contractr-is in
furtherance of their scheme arranged
for materials; at the least cost to them
seolves and the greatest cost to the
United States. He maintained that the
laegation was too general and that It
d i. not specify a single act whtch the
accused would be required to answer
in any court n 'the Uni'ed States.
District Attorney Burnt offered a
copy of the Savannah indictment in
evidence, but eolinsel for the defense
took the position that a copy wou!d
not suffoee when the original was with
in the Jurisdiction s>f the court.
The commssion ov,-rrulsd the defense
in both Initances.
Captain C. `. Gillttt, corps of Unit
ed States 4Lsineers. Savannah, Ga.,
was the first witness put on the stand
by the government. The witness iden
tified the four contractors in court and
said that MiChael Connelly and Cap
tsain Carter vere not present. Captain
Gillett said he had appeared as a wit
ness before the grand jury in Savan
nah, which had found the indictments
against thd contractors.
Lawyer. Reese Said he was not pre
pared to go on with the crsee-examina
tion to-day, which, he says, would
consume at least two 1ours. It wa
then agreed that the examination
should be continued on Wednesday.
S swart & Co. Go t ho te Wall With
lHeavy L abilities.
New York, Dec. 30.-Stanley IH. Stew
art, doing business as Stewart & Co.,
banl."rs and brokern at No. 40 Wall
street, filed a petition in bankruptcy
to-day. The petition was sworn to by
Mr. Stewart on Dec. 28 in Washing
ton, D. C. The scheJules give the lia
bilities, as a firm, at $282,11t, and those
of Mr. Stewart, individually, at $41,853.
The firm's assete nominally are $1.212.
a55, and individually $1,000. The firm's
assets include $340,900 in stocks and
bonds of the Commercial Gas company,
the Morley.Acetylene Gas company and
the Union Railway company of Kansas
City, Mo.: $650,OO00claim for damages,
of which $5t10000O, iagainst Charles A.
Moring and $15400 against the St.
Lawrence Construction Company; $170.
615 debts due, the largest being $123,235
from the MI. F. Armstrong & Crown
Exploration company of London. Of
the liabilltieet $241,477 are secured by
stocks and bdnds, valued at $751,307.
Among the secured creditors are the
Colonial Trust company, $105,000, and
the Hanover Nat.onal bank, $66,202.
CHANGES IN OFFICIALS.
Great Northern Annsralces a Number of
St. Pattl, Minn., Dec. S0.-Circulars
were Issued by the Great Northern to
day confirming the reports of changes
in the staff of superintendnts and as
sistant superintendents Jan. 1. One
circular announces the resignation of
J. M,. Davis as superintendent of the
Breckinridge diviestn and the appoint
ment of F. J. Hawn to succeed him.
Mr. Hawn has been assistant super
intendent of the Montana division for
several months. He will be succeeded
by J. C. Nolan, now on another divis
ion. Another circular appoints R. A.
Wilkinson as right of way and tax
commissioner of the Spokane Falls &
Northern, the Nelson & Fort Shepard
and the Red Mountain railroads, with
headquarters in St. Paul.
MRS. MAHER DEAD.
Postponement of to-Morrow's, Fight Is
Special Dispatch to the Standard.
New York, Dec. 30.-Peter Maher's
wife died in Philadelphia at a late hour
to-night. Mrs. Maher gave birth to a
baby girl on Christmas morning. The
child lived only two days, and to-night
the mother died. A postponement of
the Irishman's fight, which was to
have been decided at the Coney Island
Sporting club Monday afternoon, Is
ON THE TRACK.
San Francisco, Dec. 30.-Weather. at
Oakland cloudy, track sloppy. Resu'ts:
First race, five fur'onug se!lling-Sn
Mateo won, Silver Tone second. Etta H.
third; time, 1:20. Second race, six fur
longs, selling-High Hoe won, Pat Mor
rlFesy se6ond, Ro'alhra third; timo.
1:15,. Third race, mile and a sixteenth.
selling-Imperious won, Einstein second,
Lost Girl third; time, 1:480%. Fourth race.
mile and a quarter-Dr. Be-nays won,
Meadowthorpe second, Lothian third:
t:me, 2:10,.. Fifth race. seven furlongs
Sybarls won. Dr. Sheppard second. Dr.
Nembula third; time. 1:2.%. Sixth rame,
five furlongs-Afamada won, Plan sec
ond, February third; time, 1:151A.
At Now Orleans
New Orlears, Dec. 30.-Results: First
race, selling, mile and a sixteenth
School Girl won. Nailor recond, Musket
third: time, 1:51vs. Second race. handicap.
five and a half furlongs-Trladitza won.
Tom Gilmore second. Gold d'Or third;
time, 1:08%. Third race, six furlongs-J.
E. Cline won, Brown Vail second. Tobe
rayne third: time, 1:144. Fourth race.
New Orleans handicap. seven furlongs
Imp. Mint Sauce won, Andes second,
Molo third; time, 1:28%. Fifth race, sell
ing. mile and a slxteenth--Yubadnm won
Klondike Queen second, Joe Doughty
third; time, 1:50.
Discovered Vllu'able Mineral
Winnipeg, Dec. 30.-W. J. McLean. for
merly an oficer of the Hudson Bay dom
pony, who was8 reported lost in the
Northern Slave lake country, where he
had gone in search of minerals for Chi
cago parties, has reached here in safety.
Ite reports having diecovered valuable
copper ore In the Athabasca region, and
says his party suffered no privations ow
iug to the abundance of game.
F[EE ACCESS TO CHBIN
European Nations Oonour in the
"Op n Door" Pohloy.
RESPONSES WERE PROMPT
Alh oa the Powers Addressed, With the
Ezoi pron o Italy, Have Sign flld
Their Readiness to E %ter Into
a Common Agreement.
Washington, Dec. 30.-The negotls
tions opened by Secretary Hay with
the great powers of Iurope and the
Japanese toward secuing a bommon
understanding for a continued "open
door" policy throughout China have
met with most gratiyitng results. The
state department is unwilling at pres
ent to make public the nature of the
replies received, as this is not embodied
in a special message to congress. But
in other quarters, thoroughly reliable
and in a posilion to have trustworthy
information, it is learned that favor
abe responses have been made by
tGreat Britain, Germany. France and
aucsia, the Russian communication
coining as late as yesterday. There is
no aoubt, it is thought nere, that italy,
the remaining country adaressed, will I
make favoraole Answer if, inooed,- it
has not already done so. The position
of Italy 1s felt to be assured by the
favorable course adopted by the other
four great powers of rurope.
',lie importance of this unanimous
verulct by all the flirst-class powers of
the world--Greast Bltain, Russia, Gar
many, France, Italy and Japan, in
cu.ijunction with the United ntates
can hardly be overestimated, so .ar as
It reates to thle future of China and
tile commerce of the world in that em
pire. The state department is loath
to discuss the farreaching results to
be ,ecured, when the agreement ad
vances to the stage of formal consuin
mation, for each favorable response Is
conditioned on the favorable action of
all the other parties, so that in each
case the negotiation may be regarded
as short of absolute finality. But, while
the department is silent, the details
come from sources believed to be fu.iy
conversant with what has occurred.
According to this information, the
British aiiewer was the first to be sub
mitted and was exceptionally compre
hensive and explicit in yielding to every
suggestion made by the United States
reative to maintaining the freest en
try to the ports of China. The British
answer is said to emphasize concur
renc. with the United States by adopt
ing, word for word, much of the
r phraseology employed by Secretary
Hay when he addressed his original
note to Great Britain and other p,rw
Sra. The wording is such as to make
plain that the ,British government c.n
curs, for the present and hereafter,
without limitation, in a policy of free
s accos to China.
Although much secrecy was observed
In the transmission of the British an
swer, its general purport soon became
known to the other European capitals,
and there was not a little irritation at
what Wtas regarded as a precipitate re
sponse, purposely designated to embar
rass the continental powers by showing
Great Britain and the United States
acting in concert, whIle the rest of the
world held aloof. But the situation was
made much more satlsfaý.ory to the
continental powers by their determina
tion to act for themselves. Germany
is said to have been the next power to
answer in the affirmative. According
to the information already referred to,
tile German answer was rather more
vague than the one wh'ch had preceded
it, but its general tehdenoy was favor
able, the only condition being tlat any
arrangements as to free access to Chira
should be universal and assented to by
all of the powers.
The French answer is-understood to
have come next and the circumstances
attending. it were rather peculiar and
not in the nature of a direct answer,
although the result was regarded as
most satisfactory. Secretary Hay's
note had been forwarded to Gen. Hor
ace Porter, the United States ambas
sador to France, who promptly called
upon M. Del Casse, minister of foreign
affairs in the French cabinet. General
Porter made known his miesson, where
upon M. Del Cases showed the most
sympathetic spirit and stated that he
had already made ample answer to
General Porter, although at the time
he had not intended it as an answer
to the American note. This answer,
M. Del Cas.e explained, was given in a
speech made by him on Nov. 24 in the
French chamber. Tle main point of
that speech, In Its reference to China,
was that France desired the most ampl,
freedom of commerce. M. Del Casse
referred General Porter to this spee h
and told him that it fully gave the as
surance which the United States se
sired. It is said that the meetlrg was
gr.tifying on both sties and w'th re
sults copsidered to be favorable ac
ceptance from France.
The Russian negotiations have pro
ceeded less briskly, so that it seemed for
a time that Rusela's attitude might
not be favorable. This was dissipate-l,
however, by the Russian ambassador,
Count Casalni. in the cnurSe of inter
views with Secretary Hay. On these
occasions Count Cas-inl pointed out
that a hurried answer was by no means
the best evidence of a favorable atti
tude toward the Amerinan proposition,
but tfat Russia was o:roceeding with
due deliberation in order to arrive at
snme solid ground for a permanent un
derstanding. The Rus'iane were de
rirous of weighing the many inciden
I tal questirns involved. such as the ef
in school? Then you have
often heard them complain
of headache; have frequently
noticed how they go about
in a listless, indifferent way,
does grand things for such
children. It bringsaheaithy
color to their cheeks,
strengthens their nerves, and
gives them the vigor that be
longs to youth. All delicate
children should take it.
S c. and wl cL, .11 drugrists.
SCOTT & tQOWhE, ,hemists, New York,
feet of the understanding on the ter
ritory known as "spheres of Influence,''
,as well as on the territory actually
leased to the foreign powers, such as
Talien Wan, Klao Chau and the Brit
ish and French ports. Besides giving
these assurances. Count Cassini show
ed personally the most friendly spirit
toward the American proposition, as
well as being desirous of giving an an
swer in this case, which would be an
other Instance of the friendly co-oper
ation long observed betwe-n Russia
and the United States. The Russian
pesltion, it is understood. is similar to
tVose preceding it with the same con
dition that Rusota alone shall not be
bohmnd. but that all of the interested
countries Shall join in the agreement
to keep the ports of China forever
In what order In the negotiations Ja
ran's favorable attited? was made
krown cannot he eta'ed. but it suf
flees that Japan ma.'e her position un
mistalPable in fever of !he American
,I propli'ton, with t!e same reservation
as in all the other cases.
Although Italy is yet to be 'heard from
definttoly. no doubt is entertained that
this cuntry also will be favorable.
thus making complete the satisfactory
responses of all the great powers.
permc'lnent Arbitralnlon Iomrd.
Chicago, Dec. 30.-A permanent arbi
tration board to settle all differences
between labor unions and contrac oas
and the averting of the chances of
labor war practically were assured to
day. At the m etlng of the hutldirg
trades council and the building c n
tractors council the report of the
joint conference committee represent
Ing the two organizations was ao
The principal recommendation was
the establishment of a permanent ar
bitration board. This w:11 consist of
all members a"d will deal with judi.lal
difficulties that may arise. The a-
ceptance of the plan settle- the question
of sympathetic str kes, as if all troub'es
are arbitrated there will be no necessity
for any kind of a strike except as a last
Launchssg Wae a PF.tiee. U
Wilmington. Del., Dec. 30.-The attempt t
to launch the Windsor steamship Greclan n
at the Harlan & Hollingsworth ship- °
yards to-day was a failure, the new ship d
sticking on the ways. When the blocks 1
were sawed away and the vese-I started t
for her plunge into the icy water, Mass a
Windsor, daughter of the president of t
the company, broke the traditional bot- 5
tre of wine and spoke the words that c
named the ship. The huge hulk moved V
only about 18 inches and then stuck. An
investigation showed that the tallow on
the ways had frozen. The vessel was
made fast, shored up and it is expected f
she will again be'started on Tuesday for
Additlionel T,emo Allowed.
Washineton, Dec. 30.-- The Columbian r
Iron Work- of Baltimo:o, which is en- f
gaged in the construction for the navy
of the submarine boat Plunger and the
torpedo boat Tingey, has notified the
department formally that .ce concern
has been placed in the bands of a re
ceiver and has submitted an applica
tion for an exteneion of time al!owed
for the constructeon of the torpedo
boat, The appilcvtton came before the
naval conntruction board to-day and it
was decided to allow the extension for
an additional period of 11 months.
Will Convene at 'hiern.g
Chicago, Dec. 30.-In accordance with
thb call irsued by the Y-ung Peopl 'e
Temperance Federation of Amerien,
through its political act'on departme-t,
a convention will assemble in this c ty
Sunday to consider the quest!on of ap
plying the principles of C 'ri'ti' n!ty to
the national government. Spe:llers will
present the question from different
points of view and an open d!scu'sion
will be a feature of the executive part
of the seslon.
Plnscce Kills Five.
Melbourne, Dec. 30.-Advices from
Noumea, New Caledonia, says five
whites there have been attacked by the
plague, one dying. F:fteon Kanakas
and Chinese died from the plague and
12 are under treatment.
New Yolrk is Healthy.
New York, Dec. 30.-The health board
estimates that the five borou;ghs of New
York city contain 3,550,000 inhabitants, a
gain of 11,154 during 1898. The board's
statistics show that no other city of
1,000,000 people in the world has so low a
Carnegie's Present to Cheyenne.
"Cheyenne, Wyo., Dec. 30.--Andrew
Camrnegle to-day made Cheyenne a
present of $50,000 to be used in the con
struction of a free public library build
Sir James Paret Dead. 1
London. Dec. 30.-The death is an
nounced of Sir James Paget in his 86th
LATEST THING IN BICYCLES.
Wheels are Now Bult That Overcome
From the London I.eader.
A large pumter of people yesterday
witnessed on the Horse guards parade the i
application of a series of severe tests to
a new patent cycle, so designed that it
may with safety he ridden over obstacles
of considerable size and variety.
One of the main objects of the inventor
was to produce a machine suitable for
military purposes and the military auth
orities sent a cycle orderly to participate
in the tests, with a view, it Is understood,
of using the cycles to South Africa if they
were found to be all that was claimed for
them. Among those who were present
were Shomberg K. McDonnell. Lord Pal
isbury's principal private secretary, and a
number of military officers.
The machine has an absolutely rigid
frame, hung on springs, much in the
same manenr as a locomotive and its
tender, the hubs of the wheel sliding in
grooves. It Is clalmed that an average
amateur cyclist can ride along a 30 or 40
rung ladder, lying on the ground, with
out discomfort, and that even an elderly
rider can negotiate bricks, four or five
Inch curbs, deep ruts and obstacles which
would ruin an ordinary machine and risk
loss of life or limbs.
There were several machines under test.
The weights varied from 32 to 38 pounds
and there were solid, cushion and pneu
matic tires. The objects used were blocks
of timber 9 inches wide by 3 inches thick.
placed singly, and a pile of bricks about 6
Inches high, with a 3 inch takeoff. Over
all these obstacles numerous riders passed
in safety and, although It appeared to on
lookers that there was a tremendous jar
in the case of the larger obstacles, there
was no discomfort.
Ir. McDonnell tried a couple of ma
chines and rode first at a great rate and
then more slowly over all the obstacles.
He expressed surprise that obstructions
of such bulk could be negotiated without
diffiulty or danger, lid said he regard
ed the invention as a very remarkable
one. A number of offtlers also appleda
practical tests with satisfactory results.
The machine, it Is c:a!med, is equally
available for military and general pur
poses. In appearare- it is very little dil
ferent from the ord.nary high-class ey.
Icle. The cyle orderly did his riding with
a rifle tied to his machine.
REFUSES THEI REIQUEST
Attorney General Deolines to
NO CONSPIRACY IS SHOWN
Mr. G irg Rules That the Proposet Ac.
tion Does Not Come Within the
ProimtOs on . the Ant- '
Washington, Dec. 80.-Attorney Gen
eral Griggs to-day returned to the in
terotate commerce commission the
transcript of the evidence taken at, a
hearing before the. commission last
week in the matter of the new freight
classification, with a view to action
by the attorney general under .the anti
trust law if In his judgment the mat
ter should warrant the same.
In his letter to the commission. Re
ferring to the demand of the shilpers
that legal action against the railroads
be taken, the attorney general saya:
"lou express no opinion on the mnt
ter, but properly leave me to determine
whether the facts should warrant me in
applying for an injunction to restrain
the operation of the new classifloation
on the ground that, in adopting it., he
railroad companies violated the anti
Discussing the methods of the rail
roads in establishing a common classi
fication, the attorney general says:
"There is an official classification
committee, composed of some 14 rail
road officials from different sectiohs.
This committee meets on the call of its
chairman and upon the request of three
members. At its meetings suggested
changes are considered. Such changes
as the committee with substahtial
unanimity tecommends are noted by
the chalrlll and Incorporated inrto"a
new official classification, which Is then
submitted t, each company for Its in
dividual action.! Some 60 railroad com
panies thus independently pass u1pon
the classification. They signify their
adoption to the chairman, who, afler
the official classification has been thus
adopted, filet it with the interstate
commerce commission in compliance
with the law."
with the law."
Continuing, Attorney General Griggs
says that the legality of the method of
preparing, adopting and filing this of
ficial classification has never before
been questioned. Infact, he says, the
question of legality was not raised in
the case until after the railroad of01
cials had refused, during the course of
the hearing before the inter-state com
merce commission, to postpone the time
for the new classification to take ef
feet for 60 days. Furthermore, says
the attorney general, it is apparent
from the protests originally filed that it
is the chances made, and not the meth
od of makitig them, which is complain
e i of.
Taking up this question of the rea
conableness of the rates, Mr. Griggs
"A railroad company may raise its
rates to an unreasonah!e point, it may
discriminate among its shippers, it naay
charge more for a short than a.long
haul, but none of these acts, hbWoever
unjulst and wron.gful, amounts 'to a Vi
olation of the anti-trust law. To 'au
thorize the attorney general to direct
an injunction proceeding under the law
it must be ehown that there is a con
tract, combination * * * or con
spiracy in restraint of trade or com
merce among the several states. In the
first place, there is no contract, com
bination or conspiracy shown. There
is consultation by repr"sentative rcil
road men in committee respecting sug
geeted changes in classification. There
is subsequent independent action by
railroad companies in the adoption of
the new classification recommended by
the committee. The testimony taken
does not show that any railroad. acted
under compulsion of a combination in
adopting the official classification. It
must be conceded that a common clas
sflication by railroad companies op
erating in the same territory. is a de
sirable thing. Will it be insisted that
railroads cannot co.fsult respecting
freight classification, or that because
one railway company adopts a ceitain
classification, another cannot? The
anti-trust law says there must be a
contract, or combination or conspiracy.
T.'s must be shown. And it must be
shown that it is intended to regtrain
individual action. This is not shown
in the testimony submitted.
"Moreover, there must not only be a
contract, combination or conspiracy,
but it must be in restraint of inter
state commerce. As applied to carriers,
this means a combination to suppress
competition. It is only by suppret.lIng
competition and arbitrarily fixing rates
that a restraint can be put upon inter
"The filing of an official classifica
tion does not fix the rates. It plhcee
articles in certain classes, but the rates
for the classes are determined by the
railroad companies outside the clatsifl
cation. If a railroad company main
tains the existing rates the change of
.an article from a lower to a higher
class will increase the rate, but from
a part that appears in this testimony
every railroad company using the
classification is at liberty at any time
to change the existing rates upon giv
ing the notice required by the inter
state commerce act. Moreover, each
railroad company is free to take any
article out of the existing classiica
tion by making a commodity rate. In
other words. no suppression of compe
tition, no arbitrary fixing of rates, no
restraint of interstate commerce is
"The trans-Missouri and Joint Trafflo
sesociation cases afford no precedent
for the action requested in this case.
10ach of those associations was formed
by a contract, under which the compa
nies selected a central authority to fix
and maintain rates. There was an ab
solute suppression of competition. The
power of independent action was de
stroyed. No company could change a
rate fixed by the managers of the asso
clation without subjecting itself to a
"If the testimony submitted showed a
combintion among the railroad com
panies to restrain commerce among the
several states I would not hesitate' to
invoke the rate provided by the anti
trust law, but to take such action upon
the face of the facts submitted would
not only be futile, but absurd. If there
be a remedy for the complaining ship
pers, it lies in an appeal to your com
miss!on under the interstate commerce
Boston, Dec. 30.-Boston & Montana
262; Butte & Boston, 48; Parrot, 38~.
Sllver in Y.nndon.
London. Dec. 30--Anaconda. £8%; bar
silver steady at 27 3-16d per ounce.
New York at Plan Thosmas.
.;t. Thomas. D. W. I., Dec. 30.-The
i 'nitd States cruiser New York ar
rived here last evening and leaves o.
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