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TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18th, 1879. Thankaftvlng Proclamation. In the name and by the authority of the Territory of Montana : In obedience to an ancient custom, and In compliance with the recommendation of the Preside nt of the United States, I appoint Thurs - day, the 27th day of November, A. D. 1ST il. as a, day of thanksgiving and prayer to the Giver ol every good and perfect gift that we have enjoyed during the present year, and I appeal to all classes of our citizens to observe said day by ab staining from all secular labor. Each returning year brings new blessings, which wo should publicly acknowledge, and In no year since civil government was organized within the limits of this Territory have the be stowal of blessings been so conspicuous as the one now about to close. Our thanks are due for the abundance of the harvest, and for the general prosperity that has attended the labors of our people ; for the gene ral diffusion of knowledge and the repression of vice ; for the religious toleration and brotherly kindness that exists In our commonwealth towards all races and conditions of men: for general health and renewed prosperity, and for the preservation of liberty and peace In the ra tion. Ill testimony whereof, I havo hereunto set iny hand and caused the Great Seal of the Territory to be affixed. [SEAL.] Done at Helena, the Capital, the Stli day of November, A. 1). 1S7D, and of the independence of the United Ststes of America the one hundred and fourth. Bv the Governor, B. F. POTTS. James H. Mills, Secretary. COMMERCIAL OFFICE OF THE DAILY TRIBUNE.) Salt Lake, Nov. 10, üSîd. ) Corrected daily by Wells, Fargo & Ci SILVER. New York ...................... ............1.157 c Salt Lake......................... ...1.127 b to 1. Ï3 7n LEAD. Salt Lake, last sale per ton.. .. .......£58.00 Salt- Lake, bid. per ton.......... ............ <50.00 New \ ork.per pound......... ..........5 CtS. BULLION SHIPMENTS. The bullion shipments for the weekending Saturday, November 15tli, amount to 1,420 pounds, valued at Si7;112. Boh Inacrsoll prophesies Grant will be the next President. Bob is pretty good in poli tics but he was a little mixed on Moses and is sometimes off the track in prophecies. Only nine States pay a net surplus revenue to the Post-Office Department. After deduct ing all post-office and mail expenses, the fol lowing States pay a revenue as follows New Hampshire..... e ............S 35,124 Massachusetts.. Rhode Island................... Connecticut................... New York...................... New Jersey..................... Beunsylvania................... Delaware...................... Michigan....................... 160,411 90.012 115,250 1,551,350 81,073 403,421 4,873 01.171 The annual report of the Minister of Mines in the Australian colony of Victoria, for 1S78, indicates a rapid decline in the gold produc tion. The yield of the alluvial or placer dig gings has fallen from $20,000,000 to $5,000,000. and that of quartz mills from $12,000,000 to 81O.000,000 annually ; and about 2,300 men leave the business every year for other more profitable occupations. The present number of miners is 36,000, including 22,000 in pla cers, 14,000 n the quartz mines and mills. The average annual production to the man is $250 in the alluvial workings, and $700 in quartz; ami the average yield of the quartz is $10 per ton. in the various States and Territor Indians in the West are distributed lows : Dakota............................. Indian Territory.................... Montana........................... Washington Territory................ Arizona............................. New Mexico........................ Oregon............................ Idaho............................... Wisconsin.......................... Mi unesota.......................... Nebraska.......................... Colorado........................... Nevada............................. California......................... Wyoming........................ Kansas......................... Utah........................... . the fol Our farmer friend remonstrates about our placing an interrogation enclosed by parenthe sis after a statement in his article. We think, however, our readers understand that it was placed there by the editor. The truth was we had neither time or space to reply to the statement which was so incorrect that it seem ed to need only an Interrogation point to call attention to it. While we are willing to al low any subject to be discussed in a proper manner, yet all articles must be subjected to necessary regulations. The fact is the pro ductions of the editor are subject to the changes made by compositors and proof-read ers, all of whom are in turn subordinate to his Santanic Majesty who mixes up tilings to suit himself. The editor " endures all this— ay more." Newspaper men get used to it after a time. Our friend must imitate their patience. Mayor Harrison, of Chicago, was quite sug gestive when he told Gen. Grant "like Wash ington you fiiied the office of President two long terms, and when the two terms were ever were offered a crown, but preferred im mortality and fame to temporary power. He returned to private life, lives in the hearts of his people, and all time will call him his country's father." But Gen. Grant has several times received just such hints. They make about as much impression as feathers falling on a rock. It is a furthcoming fact that he will be nominated, and, unless tbeie is hard work done by the Demociatic party, be will be elected. There must be a first class man jiumuialed—a man like Bayard or Seymour— a man who has a clean lecoid to show. Then uo mistake must be made : the party division» must be healed ; the intents! warfare must be ended, aud ail the elements work harmo niously, in orxier to bring about the result. CARRYING THE WAR INTO AFRICA. The Kingdom of Great Britain has found it an expensive thing to keep her boast of a Kingdom on which the sun never sets. Her colonies are continually giving her trouble and she pays an imuienscsum each yearforan army sufficiently large to maintain peace and order. In Cape Colony where the troubles have arisen of which our dispatches speak to day, she has had no little difficulty from the start. She has had possession of the colony since 1800, but the attempt to retain possession lias been a costly one. The interval to 1834 was filled with a series of wars of greater or less account and then,the emancipation of the slaves so disatfected the Dutch Boers that they resolved to free themselves. A sort of independence was maintained till 1853, when Great Britain, tired of her long struggle, abandoned a part of the territory to the Boers. The discovery of diamonds about 12 years since drew much attention to the country, and since that time the country has increased in population and prospered to a great degree. Telegraphs and other public works, including institutions of learning, have been estab lished. Cape Town now has a population of 30,000 or 40,000. and many tine buildings. With Turkey to nurse, European intrigues to successfully conduct, Afghanistan and Eastern interests to look after, lier hands are full. It is certainly a matter for rejoicing that the United States lias few territories to look after. It would be much better if she had none. ARTESIAN WELLS. That plan of the Commissioner of Agricul ture in investigating the subject of reclaiming desert lands, mentioned in our dispatches, is a good one. If half the time and money that has been spent by the President and ids Cab inet in junketing through the country and breaking the spirit of the Civil Service reform, had been spent in the investigation ot some such measures as this, it would have been well. There is a large tract of land in this Western country that might thus be reclaim ed. It does not take the eye of a geologist to see that there are an abundance of chances tor sinking wells and obtaining plenty of wa ter. TheDeseit of Sahara has already in many places been made fertile. Near Paris is such a well, nearly 2,000 feet deep, which throws five millions of gallons per day to a height of fifty-four feet above tire ground. One twenty-fourth of the water supply of London is given by a similar well which sup plies four and one-half gallons a day. In Chicago two wells about a thousand feet deep supply the city with a miilion of gallons a day. In many more places these wells are in successful operation. Improved machinery for boring them is now to be had. We have heard nothing lately from t lie wells for which a bonus was offered by our late Legislature. No attempt seems to have been made. It does not appear to have been ad vertised to any great extent. It would be well to have such an experiment tried. It is almost certain to succeed. With such wells in operation hundreds of acres might be made fertile which are now useless. THE NEW TTDAI, WAVE. The Grant boom may lie a great thing ; it undoubtedly is. It is large enough at all events to monopolize bait oi our dispatches. But there is another boom which is of much more moment to the country, and that is the lioom of coining prosperity. This had long been predicted as the accompaniment of re sumption. To-day it looks ridiculous to look back two years and read the speeches and call to mind the arguments of the auti-resump tionists. Then were we told of the ruin and failures that would follow the resumption of specie payments. The project was declared beset with danger, but when once the country adopted the idea of the man with the white liât, that the way to resume was to resume, and once used the good practical sense con* tained therein, the work was done. Not only was there no suffering, no failures on account of it, but immediately upon its accomplish ment the reaction set in and prosperity com menced. Few in Montana, where failures arc and have been the exception, and where money has been and is plenty, realize the condition affairs were in in the States; the tact that now the great army of tramps is fast becoming obliterated by its members taking themselves to work which is now ready for them, will illustrate the change; that in one year tiie country has recovered almost all it lost in five years is another illustration. Meanwhile gold and silver, following a uni versal law of political science, are steadily flowing into the country ; and the money so long hoarded and concealed is now coming into use. With the increase of prosperity come great public works, the building of rail roads, the opening up of vast tracts ot land to settlement. There is some danger that too many enterprises may be entered into. Re sumption, curiously enough, has produced a partial inflation. 7 his mat lead to underta kings resulting in a panic. But on the other hand the remembrance of the great panic will act as a check. Remote from the business centres Montâuu lias felt little of the disas ters and so she is longer than some portions in feeling tiie effects of tiie prosperity of the country. But capital is beginning to turn its attention to this Territory. With better means of traveling and witli the assurance tiiat life and property will be protected, may we ex]>ect an unexampled season of prosper ity The Colorado Miner show s tip tiie consist ency of some of the newspaper editors who cannot find words to express their indignation against tramps, " those idle, worthless excres encies upon the body politic, who steal, frighten women aud children and aie utterly devoid of honor." etc. Bur when they talk about tiie painted tramps tUt infest oul . Western border, who add murder and outrage to the crimes of ti e tramps, then it is that the symi«ith es of the newspaper man is awakeued. EDITORIAL NOTES. President Hayes ia making an unusually long stay in Washington.— Chicago Times. Of the 85,458 white children in Cincinnati 28,203 attend public schools. Of the 2,190 colored children, 1,197 are in the public schools, 993 are uot in any school. Jay Cooke has paid off his debts aud bis paper now commands a premium in Phila delphia. Northern Pacific broke him up and a rise in the stock of that company has made him again. Montana's gold and silver mines, since 1803, have produced over $150,000,000 and the an nual yield lias averaged over $8,500,000. About forty-five million acres of pastoral and agricultural land are still unclaimed. Fifty-six million eighty-one thousand nine hundred and seventy-oue dollars is the amount of specie imports since the resump tion of specie payments. At this rate we shall have specie in circulation sufficient to satisfy the most devoted follower of Butler and Ewing. Brigham Young has been heard from through the spiritual telegraph. He now strikes polygamy a blow in the back, advises his followers to submit to the power of the government, give up their many marriages and gather about them intelligent women and cultured men. lu short, Brigham in 1ns higher sphere is slightly revolutionary. General Walker, Supt. of the census, is making preparations for taking the census. The selection of supervisors will not be made till Congress meets. New York will have eleven supervisors ; Pennsylvania ten ; Illi nois and Ohio eight each, etc., etc. The Ter ritories and smaller States will have one each. Only one will be allowed to eacli of the large cities. Mexico lias twenty-seven States and two Territories. The President and Vico Presi dent are elected liy the Congress which con sists cf representatives from the several States. The Constitution of Mexico is taken from that of the United States. There is a Cabi net and the President and Vice President hold their offices four years. President I)iaz was inaugurated Mardi 4, 1877. There is not a criminal in town that does not object to a vigilance committee. On the contrary, many of the best men in town, in cluding merchants, physicians and lawyers, who generally have the create re reverence for the majesty of the law, believe in it. There is a distinction between an order composed of law-abiding citizens and a mon of Lynchers. Good men wiil not serve on juries if they can help it. Murderers do escape and have es caped. Ai a iate New North-West says: "Desperadoes must be warned away. Law lessness must be stepped by certain, speedy and severe punishment." Our laws do not cover contingencies which are liable to come upon Us. Butte is in a woise position than any other city in tiie Territory. The Mixer believes in law and in order. It also believes in selt-preservatlon. If trial by jury, with tiie chances of men escaping by technical er rors, by bribery or sentimentality, of one or more jurors, by plea of insanity, by hope of pardon, by eluding guards, will not prevent crime, other measures must be tried. There must he a force which will suffice, one which may never be necessary to exeicise, but which can be used if needed. CERES AGAIN. Our farmer friend comes again. The arti cle which first started our friend àays : "A "false idea prevails with some persons, and it "is found more frequently among farmers and "ranchmen, that there exists"some rivalry or "conllict of interests between tiie mining and "agricultural interests of our Territory. That "any legidation which lias for Hs object the "promotion or encouragement of the one "must necessarily he at the expense of and "operate injuriously to the < her. All these "and all kindred opinions are based on preju dice," etc. These are the points, (1) that such an idea is prevalent; (2) that it is false and founded on prejudice; (3) that these great interests ought to lie in harmony. Wo request our friend to wait until exemption of mines is advocated before he fires at it; but if lie objects to the essential parts cf the arti cle in question, to confine himself to it. We think the matter has occupied sufficient space and attention, but from courtesy will answer his question. No. Exemption from taxation of the products of tiie mines is not the real issue, aud was not advocated by the Miner. As to absolute equality and justice in the mat ter of taxation, that is impossible. No farmer is justly taxed compared with others of the same calling. No law is perfectly just, for tiie simple reason that the men who make the laws are not perfect. Take it on the whole, however, everybody gets his just dues in this world or—tiie next. The trouble with this matter of taxation is jealousy and envy, the fear that some other man or some other class will not pay liis or its exact proportion to tiie ] iL ^ cent. As a rule, however, we believe the majority of men of a u classes pay what is j| 1( , fro m them without a murmur, knowing thal evell if tUey pay ttvo dollars too much n,j s year, it. costs too much time and money au( j happiness to grumble about it. The true | Hieoiy which should be adopted about giving | mouey m 0! relieving certain individuals and companies from taxation is, if, by allowing a poor man exemption, it will enable him to get on his feet and save tiie country just as much or more in the line of poor tax, we had better do so. If exempting manufactories railroads, mines, or fanning implements, for five or ten years, will bring valuable property into the Territory which otherwise would not come, and which can be taxed after five or teu years, thus adding to our revenues, we ! ha>[ beU * r ,lot wU " ani1 l )oll "' l | fo,,lisl '" om lhe matte ' • Ullt we d " 1,1)1 M . v At is wise io exempt these things, yet we ar« "* fav0 '' of « liatever is heat tor the agrien Un I and mininginterests ofMon tana, taking into consideration the welfare ot ! the whole people and letting no narrow prejn dice blind our eyes. : ; ; j I Correspondence. SAN FRANCISCO LETTER. California Enjoy In* an Unusual Calm— The Grant Boom over—Antbont* Carni val—The Southern Pacific Railroad— Business Outlook—The Chinese ques tion—Amusements, Etc, Etc. Editor Butte Miner. The past week has been one of unusual quiet in San Francisco, and, in fact, through out the entire State. The Grant boom has entirely disappeared, and the usual season of quietude destined to follow close upon the heels of such short-lived outbursts is now making itself felt to agreatexteut among all classes. While the excitement lasted, rich and poor alike joined in the festivities, and an immense amount of time aud money was lavishly expended, in many cases by those who could ill aflord it. Now that the hero is gone, the music hushed, and the cost counted, the patriotism of the average Californian is at half mast. Tiie author's Carnival closed on the night of the first instant. This exhibition is looked upon as one of tiie grandest achievements in the entertainment line ever attained on the Pacific Coast. To show what a grand success it proved to be financially, it is only neces sary to state that the total receipts amounted to $46,322.05 ; which after deducting all ex penses leaves a net profit of $32,000. But that is not the only victory gained ; as the entertainment given was so varied, ot such a high order and being furnished exclusively by local and amateur talent, that it has estab lished beyond a doubt, the heretofore un known fact that San Francisco possesses litera ry and dramatic talent second to no city in America. Besides this, it lias been the great est matrimonial market ou record, and many are the victims who lost their hearts through a too liberal patronage of bright eyed Swiss maidens who plied tiie harmless vocation of peddling flowers and ice cream, the excellen cies of which were fluently explained in three languages, to say nothing of flie sly flirtation, timely blushes, and dozens of other charming decoys so well known to the Swiss belle. News from reliable sources has lately been received in this city, to the effect that the Southern Pacific Railroad Company intends tooxteml its road easterly during the coming year at a rapid rate. This points to a southern railroad connection with the Eastern States within two or three years at the outside, and the intelligence is received in business circles With a marked degree of sat isfaction, as the opening of this road can only result in bringing a large and profitable trade to San Francisco by opening up tiie rich min eral district of Arizona and Mexico, which must ever look to California both for supplies and for a market for their productions. The Chinese question, which has attracted so much attention of late throughout the Union, and more especially m California, has just developed anew phase; one which is like ly to open the eyes of some of our leading business men who have been warmly in favor of Chinese immigration. The facts, as near as your correspondent could learn, are about as follows: Some years ago the steamship men of the Pacific Coast conceived ths idea of establishing railroad aud steamboat lines in China and in Chiness waters, to be used as feeders to tiie great ocean steamship lines, which then, as now,controlled tiie freight and passenger traffic between China and Califor nia. The men having tiie matter in hand were in command of almost unlimited capi tal, and being men of great energy and fore sight, which, combined with the friendly re lations between the two countries, and enhanced more than all by tiie rude, half-civ ilized condition of Chinese commerce at that time, tiie course was plain, and to all appear ance nothing but ultimate success could re sult from earning out the plans devised. Surely no commercial enterprise of like mag nitude has ever been undertaken in this coun try, in which success was more certain or the results to be achieved of greater value in en hancing the best interests of American com merce. This great scheme as is customary in all new enterprises, had some objections raised against it; several leading Californians holding that tiie Chinese would grant no ad vantages to a foreign nation. How far the project had been carried before it collapsed, or the exact cause of its not being thoroughly carried out may never be know n, but tiie re sult is certain and disastrous to the United States as a nation. The steamers that were to have been bought and built have all been bought up by the Chinese, and controlled by them exclusively in the local trade car ried on. Nor is this ali. Now that the Chi nese have learned the art of navigation they seek to improve and profit by the knowledge and m e now endeavoring to secure the cceau carrying trade. When we consider the un bounded wealtli of China, tiie speed and wil lingness of her subjects to grasp aud utilize any and every advantage which presents itself, it will be seen at a glance that if China de : eides to control tue China-Callforuia traffic, she will place American merchantmen, aud the Pacific steamship companies entirely at her mercy, if, indeed, she does not wholly de prive them of tlieir present occupation. One ; tiling in connection witii this afiair is, that it ; proves that the poor working people of Arner j ica are not to be the only sufferers by a too I intimate relation with the almond-eyed apes : of Asia. As long as no one suffered but the , poor men and washerwomen by Chinese cheap labor all was well, but when the pig tailed heathen accumulates a knowledge of navigation, and is possessed of ships, capital and ail tiie necessary facilities for carrying ou comme! ce on the high seas, the Chinese I question changes altogether. Competition can ; only end in rats, rice and ruin. However, an effort is soon to be made by China to seeure the carrying trade between China and the Sandwich Islands and San Francisco, the I result of which will be looked forward to with no iittie anxiety by all who are in the least interested iu the advancement or main tenance of American commerce. San Francisco has been more than usually well supplied with amusements of late. Frank Mayo is billed for an engagement at the California Theater, to commence on the 17th. Among the dramatic events announced for the future is a benefit tendered to the widow and orphans of Prof. S. \V. Colgrove, who was killed in the balloon ascension. The warden of the States Piison, in his re port for October, announces that liiere are at present confined in that institution 1,530 con victs. The death rate for the past week shows a great decrease, there being but 77 deaths, against 108 last week. Yours, etc., Anti-Fat. San Francisco, Nov. 9,1879. Court-Room Pleasantries. [Special Correspondence of the Miner. I Several interesting episodes have occurred iu court during the progress of the Fox trial. Some one was whistling very loudly, in the lower hall, on Tuesday, when Judge Wade ordered U. S. Marshal Botkin to proceed witli all haste and "suppress that music." Col. Sanders arose, and in his most submissive style, said lie hoped the Court would be as lenient and merciful to the offender as pos sible, in view of the fact that " Pinafore " had been performed here with great succe-:; whereupon His honor's brow contracted, and, as lie was readjusting his spectacles, he said : "You will please confine whatever mouth music you have to examining those gentle men in tiie box to see if they are qualified for jurors in this case." All the other counsel in the court room ducked tlieir head at once. It was presumed they were not crying. On Tuesday afternoon Mr. Chadwick re ferred to Col. Sanders as the "hired man," or hired attorney of the Government. On Wed nesday morning Col. S. fired back. His broadsides were quite broad. Subsequently, Judge Wade announced emphatically lie would enforce the rule rigidly and promptly, and not permit counsel on either side to in dulge in personalities. Many of tiie merchants are complaining because they are forced away from tlieir busi ness to undergo examination for jurors. The U. S. allows them only two dollars a day. Jurors get three dollars a day in Territorial cases and fair mileage. The U. S. mileage is almost nihil. There is some indication that the Fox trial (or trials) will last, several weeks if proceeded with now. The scene iu the court room on Tuesday afternoon, when tiie not pros, was entered on the indictment a jury had just been obtained toj try, was quite sensational. Counsel on botli sides spoke vigorously. Mr. Andrews, tiie U. S. Attorney, was in the Grand Jury room presenting additional facts on which an indictment was subsequently found. Col. Sanders had moved the not pros. Toole, Chadwick and other counsel of Fox were pressing to go to trial on that indictment. Finally the Court ruled tiie noi pros, could be entered then, the jury not having been sworn to try tiie easu yet. In thirty minutes afterwards the Grand Jury returned into court with an indictment somewhat similar to tiie one just not pros'd. Officers were sent for defendant's counsel, to • have defendant plead. Then defendant w as anxious to plead at once. The situation was changed. ■ Yes terday morning a strenuous effort was made to get the old indictments disposed of. The Court ruled as I have already, stated. The court room is filled with spectators daily. There is some amusement connected witli getting jurors. One man told the U. S. mar shal he could not possibly come because lie had to bake ; but lie came. Another appealed to a Deputy LL S. Marshal to let him oft", be cause, as he said, "I voted for you, you know, and ilid ail I could to get you elected, and now you drag me away from my business." He came, too. Marshal Botkin caught anoth er individual playing poker with some friends; tiie game ended there. The papers are becoming so voluminous in tiie Fox case that tiie clerk of the court thinks lie will have to buy a Saratoga trunk to keep them all in. The Court called up the Fox case again this morning, as set. Sixteen indictments have now been found. To the new one before the Court, defendant plead not guilty. Challenge to array filed. Overruled. Change of venue. Overruled. Demurrer. Overruled. Proceed ed to get a jury. Twelve men in tiie box w- undergoing examination when the. Court adjourned at noon. The Court room is filled with spectators daily. Counsel for theUnited States ; Andrews, U. S. Attorney, and Col. Sanders, Assistant U. S. Attorney. Counsel for Fox ; Toole, Chuma sero, Çliadwick and DeWolf, of Butte. Helena, Nov. 13, 1879. NEZ. I Petroleum iu Montana. Editor Butte Miner : Petroleum and salt are about tiie only min erals not yet found in Montana. Why they are not found I do not know, unless they do net exist here. A few days ago Mr. Red ding let it be known to his ueiglibors that lie believed lie had found petroleum on his farm on tiie road between Helena and Jeflerson City. Everybody lias known for years that Mr. Redding has on His farm one ol tiie finest hot springs in Montana. In digging his po tatoes tliis fall Mr. Redding had some cooked for dinner, and they were so impregnated with coal oil that Mr. R. at once came to the con clusion that there must tie a lied or vein of ! petroleum on his farm. But we have not yet ; heard that lie or his neighbors have bored for : oil. It, is reasonable to conclude t liât Mr. I Redding has coal oil there, because the pota- 1 toes smell of it. I had no opportunity of i measuring tiie length of tiie roots of Mr. ! Redding s potato vines, but 1 know that j they are very long, and may penetrate the earth to the deptli of several hundred fee:, | and as their power of absorption is great, 1 ; cannot dispute but they have absrrbed coal oil from the depths below. So I infer that it our farmers will hereafter plant such vege tables as have long roots, that plenty of coal oil can be found which will add vastly to the weafLli of Montana. I have never inquired nor yet heard that vegetables have raised the oil from the depths in Pennsylvania, hut would like to know. I think tiie theory of my friend Redding is correct, and hope that our people will attend to Hie matter hereafter, j , know that sage brush roots run down in definitely, and will now suggest that their roots be distilled for oil. it not found, 1 , shall be disappointed. I shall keep my i faith until 1 know the result for certain, Let us dig roots tor oil instead of prospecting for gold and silver. P. S.—It lias been suggested by au envious person that Mr. Redding's potatoes were thrown Into au.einptly coal oil can, for want of a bucket when dug. But 1 scout the idea of their getting their flavor in that wav ...........-j Mr. R. must experiment more fully next year, , 80 a^ to prove his theory. I won't give it up till I am compelled to ; it would be so mes to raise our own coal oil. Tr ______ XT .... ____" Tbith." Helena, Nov. 13th, 1679. The Farmer Again. Editor Butte Miner : Aggreeably to the suggestion of the Mis I have re-read the articles which occasio this correspondence and find it is still opei the same objection :—it does us injustic that it accuses us of prejudice because we train to look at a certain subject thr spectacles furnished at the Miner office. As to my having raised tiie question of emption, I would ask the Miner if that not the real issue involved : the exempt from taxation of the products ot mines* am willing to so far modify my remarks a make them applicable only to that foni exemption which makes an unjust disert nation between the bullion producer i other tax-payers, and I deciiue, for the p eat, to be drawn into a controversy in reg to the propriety of taxing those articles m tioned as exempt iu the statute referred to the Miner. There exists no phase of double or mult taxation which is peculiar to the mining dustry. The case cited of tiie merchant v turns his capital each month is scarcelj point, as the merchant Is, in no scuse of term, a producer. But even here, the si law, before referred to, specifies as taxi " all goods found within the limits of Territory, or which may be brought into Territory," etc.; and this certainly indu all the goods shipped. But here the Mi: again endeavors to evade the question by mg that it is unfair for the mine-owner merchant to be obliged to pay this tax. reply 1 would state that the policy of the has ever been to hold the property itself ble for the tax ; leaving, I think wisely tiie parties most interested the matter of ciding who shall hand the money over to tax-collector. If a tax bo levied on the bullion prodi« and said bullion be shipped from the 'ft tory and tiie proceeds applied to the devel meut of tiie mine, it is possible that money so employed may also be asse But the same is true in regard to wool or shipped from tiie Territory. Tiie questioi be decided, in either case, is :—Shall we this property before it leaves or allow it ti elsewhere to be assessed ? To those who oppose a bullion tax on ground of policy I would say that it weis better to exempt from taxation all propt or moneys employed in developing mi which do not yield valuable ores, tlioug would by no means advocate such a com The common law contains no principle vv does not recognize justice and absolute « itv for all citizens; and the points at w statute law is made to do sa, the qtatesu will ever regard with suspicion. It is starting of a flaw which tiie pénétrai wedge of interested capital may speedily velop into a yaw ning gulf where will lie merged the rights of individuals and mi; ties. " For Justic THE FASTEST TIME ON RECORD. The Great Heat which St. Julian Troll for General Grant. Tiie great event of the day was the atte; of St. Julian, with running mate, to beat best trotting recoid, for a purse of $S90 track was in a very favorable condition fast time. After a short delay St. Jir passed through tiie gate and prove leisurely down the track to take a little paratory exercise previous to the trial in dashes to eclipse 2:13 J, the record of Ea the king of the trotting turf. The horse loot wonderfully fit and strong, and moved it such case and freedom that those who seen him make a mile at Stockton, ami even faster time at San Jose, were confid that lie would lower that record, but were skeptical to imagine that the name of Julian would be flashed last night all tin oi tiie land with 2:12f to his credit. Ther no betting on the event, but bets were fr offered at Soil to $25 that, not even in liu of tiie presence of General Grant, would record of Ranis be beaten. At tiie see attempt the bay gelding, disdaining the ai tiie running mate, came down to the sou: a grand swinging gait, and Hickok nodi assent, the bell sounded and St. Julian along on his first trial, and hundred; watches were set clicking to beat time his own miniature weapons. General ( stood in tiie corner of the grand stand neai tiie distance pole, and followed with an tense gaze the fleeting animal as he pa around the lower turn, and when he reai the quarter mile in 33 seconds, or at a gait, there was a perceptible uiovemei surprise that was intensified as the n horse still increased his stride aud rea the Half in 1:05 j, or the second quarter at rate of 2:09. There was a subdued murai and the spectators became seemingly imbi with tiie idea of witnessing a grand per anee as St. Julian sped on His way reached tiie three quarter pole iu 1:40. i third quarterat the rate of 2; 10, but well into the home stretch lie again inure, his stride, and urged to His utmost He along with a magnificent stride and pa: under the (wire iu the unprecedented tiiui 2:12| without the slightest skip or break, last quarter being made at the superb 2:11 to the mile. Of all the spectators of feat no one showed himself more inter than General Grant, who watched every of tiie horse, especially on the home sti et putting his cigar vigorously as tiie uiatcli tween the horse and time leached its coni sion, and when the record was pronoun correct beyond cavil, lie shook Dr. l'ar' tiie president, by the hand,thus eongratul the managers of the Golden (îate Associa! ou the honor achieved by it of having sir grand trial made successfully on their while mentally he might have made u the exclamation : "Cany the news to ner ."—Kan Francisco Chronicle. AN IMPORTANT IMPKOVEMEN! 1 t'oust ruction ol a Canal Which Will i <,er » v,u ** Region Irrigable. ! - j An important improvement is about l 1 made in the Snake River region, whose | portance it is difficult to overestimate ; that, region are situated some of the „ .......... ......... j this requisite hereutter, as an irrigating pany with energetic and responsible in the front have let tiie contract for the , struct ion of a canal from tiie South i across the country thirty miles to the river. It will have a depth of four farming lands on the Coast, only waitin; hand of the farmer to bring forth T ie great trouble lias been the scarcity water, but now that this difficulty is abi be speedily removed, nothing prevent entry of him who is agriculturally incl We are informed that in tiie region we to there are some 400,000 acres of land « will admit of cultivation were watei pr A great amount of this land will not lac width at the bottom of twenty and at tin of twenty-eight feet, and in addition to gating tiie Willow Creek region, will be for transportation, manufacturing, mi' and other purposes. Tiie owners of the canal are Dr. W ward, of Bellevue, Ohio, Mr. J. C. Andei , of Eagle Rock Bridge, ami Mr. B. F. W The contract for constructing it has bee to Bishop Hammond, of Logan, tiie proi cost beiug between $30,000 and $40,t 00 As expected that tiie enterprise will be pleted next spring.— S. L. Tribune.