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The weekly miner. [volume] (Butte, Mont.) 1878-1881, November 18, 1879, Image 2

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TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18th, 1879.
Thankaftvlng Proclamation.
In the name and by the authority of the Territory
of Montana :
In obedience to an ancient custom, and In
compliance with the recommendation of the
Preside nt of the United States, I appoint Thurs -
day, the 27th day of November, A. D. 1ST il. as a,
day of thanksgiving and prayer to the Giver ol
every good and perfect gift that we have enjoyed
during the present year, and I appeal to all
classes of our citizens to observe said day by ab
staining from all secular labor.
Each returning year brings new blessings,
which wo should publicly acknowledge, and In
no year since civil government was organized
within the limits of this Territory have the be
stowal of blessings been so conspicuous as the
one now about to close.
Our thanks are due for the abundance of the
harvest, and for the general prosperity that has
attended the labors of our people ; for the gene
ral diffusion of knowledge and the repression of
vice ; for the religious toleration and brotherly
kindness that exists In our commonwealth
towards all races and conditions of men: for
general health and renewed prosperity, and for
the preservation of liberty and peace In the ra
tion.
Ill testimony whereof, I havo hereunto set iny
hand and caused the Great Seal of the
Territory to be affixed.
[SEAL.] Done at Helena, the Capital, the Stli
day of November, A. 1). 1S7D, and of the
independence of the United Ststes of
America the one hundred and fourth.
Bv the Governor, B. F. POTTS.
James H. Mills, Secretary.
COMMERCIAL
OFFICE OF THE DAILY TRIBUNE.)
Salt Lake, Nov. 10, üSîd. )
Corrected daily by Wells, Fargo & Ci
SILVER.
New York ......................
............1.157 c
Salt Lake.........................
...1.127 b to 1. Ï3 7n
LEAD.
Salt Lake, last sale per ton.. ..
.......£58.00
Salt- Lake, bid. per ton..........
............ <50.00
New \ ork.per pound.........
..........5 CtS.
BULLION SHIPMENTS.
The bullion shipments for the weekending
Saturday, November 15tli, amount to 1,420
pounds, valued at Si7;112.
Boh Inacrsoll prophesies Grant will be the
next President. Bob is pretty good in poli
tics but he was a little mixed on Moses and is
sometimes off the track in prophecies.
Only nine States pay a net surplus revenue
to the Post-Office Department. After deduct
ing all post-office and mail expenses, the fol
lowing States pay a revenue as follows
New Hampshire..... e ............S 35,124
Massachusetts..
Rhode Island...................
Connecticut...................
New York......................
New Jersey.....................
Beunsylvania...................
Delaware......................
Michigan.......................
160,411
90.012
115,250
1,551,350
81,073
403,421
4,873
01.171
The annual report of the Minister of Mines
in the Australian colony of Victoria, for 1S78,
indicates a rapid decline in the gold produc
tion. The yield of the alluvial or placer dig
gings has fallen from $20,000,000 to $5,000,000.
and that of quartz mills from $12,000,000 to
81O.000,000 annually ; and about 2,300 men
leave the business every year for other more
profitable occupations. The present number
of miners is 36,000, including 22,000 in pla
cers, 14,000 n the quartz mines and mills.
The average annual production to the man is
$250 in the alluvial workings, and $700 in
quartz; ami the average yield of the quartz is
$10 per ton.
in the various States and Territor
Indians in the West are distributed
lows :
Dakota.............................
Indian Territory....................
Montana...........................
Washington Territory................
Arizona.............................
New Mexico........................
Oregon............................
Idaho...............................
Wisconsin..........................
Mi unesota..........................
Nebraska..........................
Colorado...........................
Nevada.............................
California.........................
Wyoming........................
Kansas.........................
Utah........................... .
the
fol
Our farmer friend remonstrates about our
placing an interrogation enclosed by parenthe
sis after a statement in his article. We think,
however, our readers understand that it was
placed there by the editor. The truth was
we had neither time or space to reply to the
statement which was so incorrect that it seem
ed to need only an Interrogation point to call
attention to it. While we are willing to al
low any subject to be discussed in a proper
manner, yet all articles must be subjected to
necessary regulations. The fact is the pro
ductions of the editor are subject to the
changes made by compositors and proof-read
ers, all of whom are in turn subordinate to
his Santanic Majesty who mixes up tilings to
suit himself. The editor " endures all this—
ay more." Newspaper men get used to it
after a time. Our friend must imitate their
patience.
Mayor Harrison, of Chicago, was quite sug
gestive when he told Gen. Grant "like Wash
ington you fiiied the office of President two
long terms, and when the two terms were
ever were offered a crown, but preferred im
mortality and fame to temporary power. He
returned to private life, lives in the hearts of
his people, and all time will call him his
country's father." But Gen. Grant has several
times received just such hints. They make
about as much impression as feathers falling
on a rock. It is a furthcoming fact that he
will be nominated, and, unless tbeie is hard
work done by the Demociatic party, be will
be elected. There must be a first class man
jiumuialed—a man like Bayard or Seymour—
a man who has a clean lecoid to show. Then
uo mistake must be made : the party division»
must be healed ; the intents! warfare must
be ended, aud ail the elements work harmo
niously, in orxier to bring about the result.
CARRYING THE WAR INTO AFRICA.
The Kingdom of Great Britain has found
it an expensive thing to keep her boast of a
Kingdom on which the sun never sets. Her
colonies are continually giving her trouble
and she pays an imuienscsum each yearforan
army sufficiently large to maintain peace and
order. In Cape Colony where the troubles
have arisen of which our dispatches speak to
day, she has had no little difficulty from the
start. She has had possession of the colony
since 1800, but the attempt to retain possession
lias been a costly one. The interval to 1834
was filled with a series of wars of greater or
less account and then,the emancipation of the
slaves so disatfected the Dutch Boers that
they resolved to free themselves. A sort of
independence was maintained till 1853, when
Great Britain, tired of her long struggle,
abandoned a part of the territory to the Boers.
The discovery of diamonds about 12 years
since drew much attention to the country,
and since that time the country has increased
in population and prospered to a great degree.
Telegraphs and other public works, including
institutions of learning, have been estab
lished. Cape Town now has a population of
30,000 or 40,000. and many tine buildings.
With Turkey to nurse, European intrigues to
successfully conduct, Afghanistan and Eastern
interests to look after, lier hands are full. It
is certainly a matter for rejoicing that the
United States lias few territories to look after.
It would be much better if she had none.
ARTESIAN WELLS.
That plan of the Commissioner of Agricul
ture in investigating the subject of reclaiming
desert lands, mentioned in our dispatches, is a
good one. If half the time and money that
has been spent by the President and ids Cab
inet in junketing through the country and
breaking the spirit of the Civil Service reform,
had been spent in the investigation ot some
such measures as this, it would have been
well. There is a large tract of land in this
Western country that might thus be reclaim
ed. It does not take the eye of a geologist to
see that there are an abundance of chances
tor sinking wells and obtaining plenty of wa
ter. TheDeseit of Sahara has already in many
places been made fertile. Near Paris is
such a well, nearly 2,000 feet deep, which
throws five millions of gallons per day to a
height of fifty-four feet above tire ground.
One twenty-fourth of the water supply of
London is given by a similar well which sup
plies four and one-half gallons a day. In
Chicago two wells about a thousand feet deep
supply the city with a miilion of gallons a
day. In many more places these wells are in
successful operation. Improved machinery
for boring them is now to be had.
We have heard nothing lately from t lie
wells for which a bonus was offered by our late
Legislature. No attempt seems to have been
made. It does not appear to have been ad
vertised to any great extent. It would be
well to have such an experiment tried. It is
almost certain to succeed. With such wells
in operation hundreds of acres might be made
fertile which are now useless.
THE NEW TTDAI, WAVE.
The Grant boom may lie a great thing ; it
undoubtedly is. It is large enough at all
events to monopolize bait oi our dispatches.
But there is another boom which is of much
more moment to the country, and that is the
lioom of coining prosperity. This had long
been predicted as the accompaniment of re
sumption. To-day it looks ridiculous to look
back two years and read the speeches and call
to mind the arguments of the auti-resump
tionists. Then were we told of the ruin and
failures that would follow the resumption of
specie payments. The project was declared
beset with danger, but when once the country
adopted the idea of the man with the white
liât, that the way to resume was to resume,
and once used the good practical sense con*
tained therein, the work was done. Not only
was there no suffering, no failures on account
of it, but immediately upon its accomplish
ment the reaction set in and prosperity com
menced. Few in Montana, where failures
arc and have been the exception, and where
money has been and is plenty, realize the
condition affairs were in in the States; the
tact that now the great army of tramps is fast
becoming obliterated by its members taking
themselves to work which is now ready for
them, will illustrate the change; that in one
year tiie country has recovered almost all it
lost in five years is another illustration.
Meanwhile gold and silver, following a uni
versal law of political science, are steadily
flowing into the country ; and the money so
long hoarded and concealed is now coming
into use. With the increase of prosperity
come great public works, the building of rail
roads, the opening up of vast tracts ot land to
settlement. There is some danger that too
many enterprises may be entered into. Re
sumption, curiously enough, has produced a
partial inflation. 7 his mat lead to underta
kings resulting in a panic. But on the other
hand the remembrance of the great panic will
act as a check. Remote from the business
centres Montâuu lias felt little of the disas
ters and so she is longer than some portions
in feeling tiie effects of tiie prosperity of the
country. But capital is beginning to turn its
attention to this Territory. With better
means of traveling and witli the assurance
tiiat life and property will be protected, may
we ex]>ect an unexampled season of prosper
ity
The Colorado Miner show s tip tiie consist
ency of some of the newspaper editors who
cannot find words to express their indignation
against tramps, " those idle, worthless excres
encies upon the body politic, who steal,
frighten women aud children and aie utterly
devoid of honor." etc. Bur when they talk
about tiie painted tramps tUt infest oul .
Western border, who add murder and outrage
to the crimes of ti e tramps, then it is that
the symi«ith es of the newspaper man is
awakeued.
EDITORIAL NOTES.
President Hayes ia making an unusually
long stay in Washington.— Chicago Times.
Of the 85,458 white children in Cincinnati
28,203 attend public schools. Of the 2,190
colored children, 1,197 are in the public
schools, 993 are uot in any school.
Jay Cooke has paid off his debts aud bis
paper now commands a premium in Phila
delphia. Northern Pacific broke him up and
a rise in the stock of that company has made
him again.
Montana's gold and silver mines, since 1803,
have produced over $150,000,000 and the an
nual yield lias averaged over $8,500,000.
About forty-five million acres of pastoral and
agricultural land are still unclaimed.
Fifty-six million eighty-one thousand nine
hundred and seventy-oue dollars is the
amount of specie imports since the resump
tion of specie payments. At this rate we
shall have specie in circulation sufficient to
satisfy the most devoted follower of Butler
and Ewing.
Brigham Young has been heard from
through the spiritual telegraph. He now
strikes polygamy a blow in the back, advises
his followers to submit to the power of the
government, give up their many marriages
and gather about them intelligent women and
cultured men. lu short, Brigham in 1ns
higher sphere is slightly revolutionary.
General Walker, Supt. of the census, is
making preparations for taking the census.
The selection of supervisors will not be made
till Congress meets. New York will have
eleven supervisors ; Pennsylvania ten ; Illi
nois and Ohio eight each, etc., etc. The Ter
ritories and smaller States will have one
each. Only one will be allowed to eacli of
the large cities.
Mexico lias twenty-seven States and two
Territories. The President and Vico Presi
dent are elected liy the Congress which con
sists cf representatives from the several States.
The Constitution of Mexico is taken from
that of the United States. There is a Cabi
net and the President and Vice President
hold their offices four years. President I)iaz
was inaugurated Mardi 4, 1877.
There is not a criminal in town that does
not object to a vigilance committee. On the
contrary, many of the best men in town, in
cluding merchants, physicians and lawyers,
who generally have the create re reverence for
the majesty of the law, believe in it. There is
a distinction between an order composed of
law-abiding citizens and a mon of Lynchers.
Good men wiil not serve on juries if they can
help it. Murderers do escape and have es
caped. Ai a iate New North-West says:
"Desperadoes must be warned away. Law
lessness must be stepped by certain, speedy
and severe punishment." Our laws do not
cover contingencies which are liable to come
upon Us. Butte is in a woise position than
any other city in tiie Territory. The Mixer
believes in law and in order. It also believes
in selt-preservatlon. If trial by jury, with
tiie chances of men escaping by technical er
rors, by bribery or sentimentality, of one or
more jurors, by plea of insanity, by hope of
pardon, by eluding guards, will not prevent
crime, other measures must be tried. There
must he a force which will suffice, one which
may never be necessary to exeicise, but which
can be used if needed.
CERES AGAIN.
Our farmer friend comes again. The arti
cle which first started our friend àays : "A
"false idea prevails with some persons, and it
"is found more frequently among farmers and
"ranchmen, that there exists"some rivalry or
"conllict of interests between tiie mining and
"agricultural interests of our Territory. That
"any legidation which lias for Hs object the
"promotion or encouragement of the one
"must necessarily he at the expense of and
"operate injuriously to the < her. All these
"and all kindred opinions are based on preju
dice," etc. These are the points, (1) that
such an idea is prevalent; (2) that it is false
and founded on prejudice; (3) that these
great interests ought to lie in harmony. Wo
request our friend to wait until exemption of
mines is advocated before he fires at it; but
if lie objects to the essential parts cf the arti
cle in question, to confine himself to it. We
think the matter has occupied sufficient space
and attention, but from courtesy will answer
his question. No. Exemption from taxation
of the products of tiie mines is not the real
issue, aud was not advocated by the Miner.
As to absolute equality and justice in the mat
ter of taxation, that is impossible. No farmer
is justly taxed compared with others of the
same calling. No law is perfectly just, for tiie
simple reason that the men who make the
laws are not perfect. Take it on the whole,
however, everybody gets his just dues in this
world or—tiie next. The trouble with this
matter of taxation is jealousy and envy, the
fear that some other man or some other class
will not pay liis or its exact proportion to tiie
] iL ^ cent. As a rule, however, we believe the
majority of men of a u classes pay what is
j| 1( , fro m them without a murmur, knowing
thal evell if tUey pay ttvo dollars too much
n,j s year, it. costs too much time and money
au( j happiness to grumble about it. The true
| Hieoiy which should be adopted about giving
| mouey m 0! relieving certain individuals and
companies from taxation is, if, by allowing a
poor man exemption, it will enable him to
get on his feet and save tiie country just as
much or more in the line of poor tax, we had
better do so. If exempting manufactories
railroads, mines, or fanning implements, for
five or ten years, will bring valuable property
into the Territory which otherwise would not
come, and which can be taxed after five or
teu years, thus adding to our revenues, we
! ha>[ beU * r ,lot wU " ani1 l )oll "' l
| fo,,lisl '" om lhe matte ' • Ullt we d " 1,1)1 M . v
At is wise io exempt these things, yet we ar«
"* fav0 '' of « liatever is heat tor the agrien Un
I and mininginterests ofMon
tana, taking into consideration the welfare ot
! the whole people and letting no narrow prejn
dice blind our eyes.
:
;
;
j
I
Correspondence.
SAN FRANCISCO LETTER.
California Enjoy In* an Unusual Calm—
The Grant Boom over—Antbont* Carni
val—The Southern Pacific Railroad—
Business Outlook—The Chinese ques
tion—Amusements, Etc, Etc.
Editor Butte Miner.
The past week has been one of unusual
quiet in San Francisco, and, in fact, through
out the entire State. The Grant boom has
entirely disappeared, and the usual season of
quietude destined to follow close upon the
heels of such short-lived outbursts is now
making itself felt to agreatexteut among all
classes. While the excitement lasted, rich
and poor alike joined in the festivities, and an
immense amount of time aud money was
lavishly expended, in many cases by those
who could ill aflord it. Now that the hero is
gone, the music hushed, and the cost counted,
the patriotism of the average Californian is at
half mast.
Tiie author's Carnival closed on the night
of the first instant. This exhibition is looked
upon as one of tiie grandest achievements in
the entertainment line ever attained on the
Pacific Coast. To show what a grand success
it proved to be financially, it is only neces
sary to state that the total receipts amounted
to $46,322.05 ; which after deducting all ex
penses leaves a net profit of $32,000. But
that is not the only victory gained ; as the
entertainment given was so varied, ot such a
high order and being furnished exclusively by
local and amateur talent, that it has estab
lished beyond a doubt, the heretofore un
known fact that San Francisco possesses litera
ry and dramatic talent second to no city in
America. Besides this, it lias been the great
est matrimonial market ou record, and many
are the victims who lost their hearts through
a too liberal patronage of bright eyed Swiss
maidens who plied tiie harmless vocation of
peddling flowers and ice cream, the excellen
cies of which were fluently explained in three
languages, to say nothing of flie sly flirtation,
timely blushes, and dozens of other charming
decoys so well known to the Swiss belle.
News from reliable sources has lately been
received in this city, to the effect that the
Southern Pacific Railroad Company intends
tooxteml its road easterly during the coming
year at a rapid rate. This points to
a southern railroad connection with the
Eastern States within two or three years at
the outside, and the intelligence is received in
business circles With a marked degree of sat
isfaction, as the opening of this road can only
result in bringing a large and profitable trade
to San Francisco by opening up tiie rich min
eral district of Arizona and Mexico, which must
ever look to California both for supplies and
for a market for their productions.
The Chinese question, which has attracted
so much attention of late throughout the
Union, and more especially m California, has
just developed anew phase; one which is like
ly to open the eyes of some of our leading
business men who have been warmly in favor
of Chinese immigration. The facts, as near
as your correspondent could learn, are about
as follows: Some years ago the steamship
men of the Pacific Coast conceived ths idea of
establishing railroad aud steamboat lines in
China and in Chiness waters, to be used as
feeders to tiie great ocean steamship lines,
which then, as now,controlled tiie freight and
passenger traffic between China and Califor
nia. The men having tiie matter in hand
were in command of almost unlimited capi
tal, and being men of great energy and fore
sight, which, combined with the friendly re
lations between the two countries, and
enhanced more than all by tiie rude, half-civ
ilized condition of Chinese commerce at that
time, tiie course was plain, and to all appear
ance nothing but ultimate success could re
sult from earning out the plans devised.
Surely no commercial enterprise of like mag
nitude has ever been undertaken in this coun
try, in which success was more certain or the
results to be achieved of greater value in en
hancing the best interests of American com
merce. This great scheme as is customary in
all new enterprises, had some objections
raised against it; several leading Californians
holding that tiie Chinese would grant no ad
vantages to a foreign nation. How far the
project had been carried before it collapsed,
or the exact cause of its not being thoroughly
carried out may never be know n, but tiie re
sult is certain and disastrous to the United
States as a nation. The steamers that were
to have been bought and built have all been
bought up by the Chinese, and controlled
by them exclusively in the local trade car
ried on. Nor is this ali. Now that the Chi
nese have learned the art of navigation they
seek to improve and profit by the knowledge
and m e now endeavoring to secure the cceau
carrying trade. When we consider the un
bounded wealtli of China, tiie speed and wil
lingness of her subjects to grasp aud utilize
any and every advantage which presents itself,
it will be seen at a glance that if China de
: eides to control tue China-Callforuia traffic,
she will place American merchantmen, aud
the Pacific steamship companies entirely at
her mercy, if, indeed, she does not wholly de
prive them of tlieir present occupation. One
; tiling in connection witii this afiair is, that it
; proves that the poor working people of Arner
j ica are not to be the only sufferers by a too
I intimate relation with the almond-eyed apes
: of Asia. As long as no one suffered but the
, poor men and washerwomen by Chinese
cheap labor all was well, but when the pig
tailed heathen accumulates a knowledge of
navigation, and is possessed of ships, capital
and ail tiie necessary facilities for carrying ou
comme! ce on the high seas, the Chinese
I question changes altogether. Competition can
; only end in rats, rice and ruin. However, an
effort is soon to be made by China to seeure
the carrying trade between China and the
Sandwich Islands and San Francisco, the
I result of which will be looked forward to
with no iittie anxiety by all who are in the
least interested iu the advancement or main
tenance of American commerce.
San Francisco has been more than usually
well supplied with amusements of late.
Frank Mayo is billed for an engagement at
the California Theater, to commence on the
17th. Among the dramatic events announced
for the future is a benefit tendered to the
widow and orphans of Prof. S. \V. Colgrove,
who was killed in the balloon ascension.
The warden of the States Piison, in his re
port for October, announces that liiere are at
present confined in that institution 1,530 con
victs.
The death rate for the past week shows a
great decrease, there being but 77 deaths,
against 108 last week. Yours, etc.,
Anti-Fat.
San Francisco, Nov. 9,1879.
Court-Room Pleasantries.
[Special Correspondence of the Miner. I
Several interesting episodes have occurred
iu court during the progress of the Fox trial.
Some one was whistling very loudly, in the
lower hall, on Tuesday, when Judge Wade
ordered U. S. Marshal Botkin to proceed witli
all haste and "suppress that music." Col.
Sanders arose, and in his most submissive
style, said lie hoped the Court would be as
lenient and merciful to the offender as pos
sible, in view of the fact that " Pinafore " had
been performed here with great succe-:;
whereupon His honor's brow contracted, and,
as lie was readjusting his spectacles, he said :
"You will please confine whatever mouth
music you have to examining those gentle
men in tiie box to see if they are qualified for
jurors in this case." All the other counsel in
the court room ducked tlieir head at once. It
was presumed they were not crying.
On Tuesday afternoon Mr. Chadwick re
ferred to Col. Sanders as the "hired man," or
hired attorney of the Government. On Wed
nesday morning Col. S. fired back. His
broadsides were quite broad. Subsequently,
Judge Wade announced emphatically lie
would enforce the rule rigidly and promptly,
and not permit counsel on either side to in
dulge in personalities.
Many of tiie merchants are complaining
because they are forced away from tlieir busi
ness to undergo examination for jurors. The
U. S. allows them only two dollars a day.
Jurors get three dollars a day in Territorial
cases and fair mileage. The U. S. mileage is
almost nihil.
There is some indication that the Fox trial
(or trials) will last, several weeks if proceeded
with now.
The scene iu the court room on Tuesday
afternoon, when tiie not pros, was entered on
the indictment a jury had just been obtained
toj try, was quite sensational. Counsel on
botli sides spoke vigorously. Mr. Andrews,
tiie U. S. Attorney, was in the Grand Jury
room presenting additional facts on which an
indictment was subsequently found. Col.
Sanders had moved the not pros. Toole,
Chadwick and other counsel of Fox were
pressing to go to trial on that indictment.
Finally the Court ruled tiie noi pros, could
be entered then, the jury not having been
sworn to try tiie easu yet. In thirty minutes
afterwards the Grand Jury returned into
court with an indictment somewhat similar to
tiie one just not pros'd. Officers were sent
for defendant's counsel, to • have defendant
plead. Then defendant w as anxious to plead
at once. The situation was changed. ■ Yes
terday morning a strenuous effort was made
to get the old indictments disposed of. The
Court ruled as I have already, stated.
The court room is filled with spectators
daily.
There is some amusement connected witli
getting jurors. One man told the U. S. mar
shal he could not possibly come because lie
had to bake ; but lie came. Another appealed
to a Deputy LL S. Marshal to let him oft", be
cause, as he said, "I voted for you, you know,
and ilid ail I could to get you elected, and
now you drag me away from my business."
He came, too. Marshal Botkin caught anoth
er individual playing poker with some friends;
tiie game ended there.
The papers are becoming so voluminous in
tiie Fox case that tiie clerk of the court thinks
lie will have to buy a Saratoga trunk to keep
them all in.
The Court called up the Fox case again this
morning, as set. Sixteen indictments have
now been found. To the new one before the
Court, defendant plead not guilty. Challenge
to array filed. Overruled. Change of venue.
Overruled. Demurrer. Overruled. Proceed
ed to get a jury. Twelve men in tiie box
w- undergoing examination when the. Court
adjourned at noon.
The Court room is filled with spectators
daily.
Counsel for theUnited States ; Andrews, U.
S. Attorney, and Col. Sanders, Assistant U. S.
Attorney. Counsel for Fox ; Toole, Chuma
sero, Çliadwick and DeWolf, of Butte.
Helena, Nov. 13, 1879. NEZ.
I
Petroleum iu Montana.
Editor Butte Miner :
Petroleum and salt are about tiie only min
erals not yet found in Montana. Why they
are not found I do not know, unless they
do net exist here. A few days ago Mr. Red
ding let it be known to his ueiglibors that lie
believed lie had found petroleum on his farm
on tiie road between Helena and Jeflerson
City. Everybody lias known for years that
Mr. Redding has on His farm one ol tiie finest
hot springs in Montana. In digging his po
tatoes tliis fall Mr. Redding had some cooked
for dinner, and they were so impregnated with
coal oil that Mr. R. at once came to the con
clusion that there must tie a lied or vein of !
petroleum on his farm. But we have not yet ;
heard that lie or his neighbors have bored for :
oil. It, is reasonable to conclude t liât Mr. I
Redding has coal oil there, because the pota- 1
toes smell of it. I had no opportunity of i
measuring tiie length of tiie roots of Mr. !
Redding s potato vines, but 1 know that j
they are very long, and may penetrate the
earth to the deptli of several hundred fee:, |
and as their power of absorption is great, 1 ;
cannot dispute but they have absrrbed coal
oil from the depths below. So I infer that
it our farmers will hereafter plant such vege
tables as have long roots, that plenty of coal
oil can be found which will add vastly to the
weafLli of Montana. I have never inquired
nor yet heard that vegetables have raised the
oil from the depths in Pennsylvania, hut
would like to know. I think tiie theory of
my friend Redding is correct, and hope that
our people will attend to Hie matter hereafter, j
, know that sage brush roots run down in
definitely, and will now suggest that their
roots be distilled for oil. it not found, 1 ,
shall be disappointed. I shall keep my i
faith until 1 know the result for certain,
Let us dig roots tor oil instead of prospecting
for gold and silver.
P. S.—It lias been suggested by au envious
person that Mr. Redding's potatoes were
thrown Into au.einptly coal oil can, for want
of a bucket when dug. But 1 scout the
idea of their getting their flavor in that wav
...........-j
Mr. R. must experiment more fully next year, ,
80 a^ to prove his theory. I won't give it
up till I am compelled to ; it would be so
mes to raise our own coal oil.
Tr ______ XT .... ____" Tbith."
Helena, Nov. 13th, 1679.
The Farmer Again.
Editor Butte Miner :
Aggreeably to the suggestion of the Mis
I have re-read the articles which occasio
this correspondence and find it is still opei
the same objection :—it does us injustic
that it accuses us of prejudice because we
train to look at a certain subject thr
spectacles furnished at the Miner office.
As to my having raised tiie question of
emption, I would ask the Miner if that
not the real issue involved : the exempt
from taxation of the products ot mines*
am willing to so far modify my remarks a
make them applicable only to that foni
exemption which makes an unjust disert
nation between the bullion producer i
other tax-payers, and I deciiue, for the p
eat, to be drawn into a controversy in reg
to the propriety of taxing those articles m
tioned as exempt iu the statute referred to
the Miner.
There exists no phase of double or mult
taxation which is peculiar to the mining
dustry. The case cited of tiie merchant v
turns his capital each month is scarcelj
point, as the merchant Is, in no scuse of
term, a producer. But even here, the si
law, before referred to, specifies as taxi
" all goods found within the limits of
Territory, or which may be brought into
Territory," etc.; and this certainly indu
all the goods shipped. But here the Mi:
again endeavors to evade the question by
mg that it is unfair for the mine-owner
merchant to be obliged to pay this tax.
reply 1 would state that the policy of the
has ever been to hold the property itself
ble for the tax ; leaving, I think wisely
tiie parties most interested the matter of
ciding who shall hand the money over to
tax-collector.
If a tax bo levied on the bullion prodi«
and said bullion be shipped from the 'ft
tory and tiie proceeds applied to the devel
meut of tiie mine, it is possible that
money so employed may also be asse
But the same is true in regard to wool or
shipped from tiie Territory. Tiie questioi
be decided, in either case, is :—Shall we
this property before it leaves or allow it ti
elsewhere to be assessed ?
To those who oppose a bullion tax on
ground of policy I would say that it weis
better to exempt from taxation all propt
or moneys employed in developing mi
which do not yield valuable ores, tlioug
would by no means advocate such a com
The common law contains no principle vv
does not recognize justice and absolute «
itv for all citizens; and the points at w
statute law is made to do sa, the qtatesu
will ever regard with suspicion. It is
starting of a flaw which tiie pénétrai
wedge of interested capital may speedily
velop into a yaw ning gulf where will lie
merged the rights of individuals and mi;
ties. " For Justic
THE FASTEST TIME ON RECORD.
The Great Heat which St. Julian Troll
for General Grant.
Tiie great event of the day was the atte;
of St. Julian, with running mate, to beat
best trotting recoid, for a purse of $S90
track was in a very favorable condition
fast time. After a short delay St. Jir
passed through tiie gate and prove
leisurely down the track to take a little
paratory exercise previous to the trial in
dashes to eclipse 2:13 J, the record of Ea
the king of the trotting turf. The horse loot
wonderfully fit and strong, and moved it
such case and freedom that those who
seen him make a mile at Stockton, ami
even faster time at San Jose, were confid
that lie would lower that record, but were
skeptical to imagine that the name of
Julian would be flashed last night all tin oi
tiie land with 2:12f to his credit. Ther
no betting on the event, but bets were fr
offered at Soil to $25 that, not even in liu
of tiie presence of General Grant, would
record of Ranis be beaten. At tiie see
attempt the bay gelding, disdaining the ai
tiie running mate, came down to the sou:
a grand swinging gait, and Hickok nodi
assent, the bell sounded and St. Julian
along on his first trial, and hundred;
watches were set clicking to beat time
his own miniature weapons. General (
stood in tiie corner of the grand stand neai
tiie distance pole, and followed with an
tense gaze the fleeting animal as he pa
around the lower turn, and when he reai
the quarter mile in 33 seconds, or at a
gait, there was a perceptible uiovemei
surprise that was intensified as the n
horse still increased his stride aud rea
the Half in 1:05 j, or the second quarter at
rate of 2:09. There was a subdued murai
and the spectators became seemingly imbi
with tiie idea of witnessing a grand per
anee as St. Julian sped on His way
reached tiie three quarter pole iu 1:40. i
third quarterat the rate of 2; 10, but
well into the home stretch lie again inure,
his stride, and urged to His utmost He
along with a magnificent stride and pa:
under the (wire iu the unprecedented tiiui
2:12| without the slightest skip or break,
last quarter being made at the superb
2:11 to the mile. Of all the spectators of
feat no one showed himself more inter
than General Grant, who watched every
of tiie horse, especially on the home sti et
putting his cigar vigorously as tiie uiatcli
tween the horse and time leached its coni
sion, and when the record was pronoun
correct beyond cavil, lie shook Dr. l'ar'
tiie president, by the hand,thus eongratul
the managers of the Golden (îate Associa!
ou the honor achieved by it of having sir
grand trial made successfully on their
while mentally he might have made u
the exclamation : "Cany the news to
ner ."—Kan Francisco Chronicle.
AN IMPORTANT IMPKOVEMEN!
1 t'oust ruction ol a Canal Which Will
i <,er » v,u ** Region Irrigable.
! -
j An important improvement is about l 1
made in the Snake River region, whose
| portance it is difficult to overestimate
; that, region are situated some of the
„ .......... .........
j this requisite hereutter, as an irrigating
pany with energetic and responsible in
the front have let tiie contract for the
, struct ion of a canal from tiie South
i across the country thirty miles to the
river. It will have a depth of four
farming lands on the Coast, only waitin;
hand of the farmer to bring forth
T ie great trouble lias been the scarcity
water, but now that this difficulty is abi
be speedily removed, nothing prevent
entry of him who is agriculturally incl
We are informed that in tiie region we
to there are some 400,000 acres of land «
will admit of cultivation were watei pr
A great amount of this land will not lac
width at the bottom of twenty and at tin
of twenty-eight feet, and in addition to
gating tiie Willow Creek region, will be
for transportation, manufacturing, mi'
and other purposes.
Tiie owners of the canal are Dr. W
ward, of Bellevue, Ohio, Mr. J. C. Andei
, of Eagle Rock Bridge, ami Mr. B. F. W
The contract for constructing it has bee
to Bishop Hammond, of Logan, tiie proi
cost beiug between $30,000 and $40,t 00
As expected that tiie enterprise will be
pleted next spring.— S. L. Tribune.

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