Newspaper Page Text
TUESDAY, MAY IS, 1880.
When the wire gets in working order again we shall probably be favored with the text, or at least with the main features of the new land bill introduced in the House a few days ago. The fact that this bill met the approval of the Pacific delegation creates a presump tion in its favor. From England it is announced that the Queen in person will open Parliament on the iiOth inst. The good Queen, who is decidedly Tory in her sympathies, will take anything but delight in welcoming to power the new Liberal ministry in whose organization the requirements ol the unwritten constitution of Britain required her to ta! e the leading part. 7'he proceedinga of the county conventions are not usually considered very important even in the year of a Presidential election. It is different though, with Cook county, 111., iD which Chicago is situated. The choice of Illinois, as between Grant and anti-Grant will depend upon Cook county, it is said. Then the choice of the Republican National Convention is similarly to be decided by Illi nois, so practically the primary conventions of one county are to select the next Republi can nominee. The proceedings, as reported in full in this issue, were not strikingly har monious. In their nature they bear an omnious resemblance to the Democratic con vention of 18(10. What a contrast is afforded by comparing the quiet energy displayed by the Democrats in preparing for the coming struggle with the turmoil existing in the Republican camp. Ac the City of Mexico two irate editors recently indulged in a duel which proved fatal to one of them—the editor of La Liber >ad, killed at the first fire. The difference between Mexican and Montana editors in the matter of fighting, is that while the former shed blood and fatally bore each other with bullets, the latter shed ink and bore their readers with editorials. Of the two evils which is to be chosen as the less? To this conundrum let an oracle respond. Or would the killing oil' of a few Montana editors be an unmixed evil after all? Suppose I he fool killer were to visit Montana on prefcssioual business would the decimation in editorial ranks which would inevitably follow upon the appearance of that public benefactor—would that decimation be the occasion of general regret? Our desire to avoid anything calcu lated to lessen the respect felt for the corps editorial alone prevents us from giving a can did response to this query. There are two sides two every story. This highly original and profoundly philosophical remark we make use of by way of introducing our decimation to the effect that we take neither the one nor the other of the two sides into which the story of the Philipsburg troubles can be resolved. A few days ago we gave an occount of the affair as it reached us through the friends ot Messrs. Cap!ice & Smith, and to-day we give the miners' version as it comes to us through the hands of a re sponsible citizen and attested by the name of a reputable citizen as the writer thereof. As we remarked before we have not possession of the knowledge necessary to come to a de cision respecting the right or the wrong of the dispute. But it requires no special knowledge to be very firmly of opinion that extreme measures should be avoided; that (lie law should be respected, and that liiere should be no appeal to force in a matter sus ceptible of being handled and settled by peaceful methods. 2 S«fifn miner. During last month 45,274 immigrants ar rived at New York, the greatest number that ever arrived at that port within the limits of a single month. The Havana Gazette publishes the text of a law for the abolition of slavery. This law, instead of providingfor gradual emancipation, goes into effect from date of enactment. In Illinois, generally admitted to be the pivotal State as between the out-and-out sup porters of Illaine and Grant, the Republican State Convention will not be held until the 10th inst. Until that date then we must re main uncertain respecting the choice of the Surker State. With the letter of Mr. John C'aplice pub lished in this issue comes the first ray of light breaking through the murky gloom, seemiiu; ingly impenetrable, tiiat had previously sur rounded tlie mining troubles at Pliilipsburg. Mr. C'aplice makes statements which are eith er supported or controverted by the court records, and accordingly there is at length a solid substratum of well established facts upon which those who choose lo take the trouble of making an examination into tlie matter can decide. The Northwestern Com pany owed the miners working to the Trout mine some $28,000. Tlie same company wag also pretty heavily in debt to C'aplice & Smith. T® secute themselves, the latter firm instituted legal proceedings, and the mine passed into their hands by Aie processor law, without any lien haring been filed against it by tlie other debtors, the miners aforesaid. Subsequently Caplice A Smith risked several thousand dollars in de veloping or prospecting the mine. This outlay was made by their firm, exclusively, it seems, without any portion of the burden liaving been borne by the miners. This, as w e understand it, is the situation aadescribed bv Mr. Caplice. From these premises, if cor rectly taken, a correct conclusion can easily be drawn. The position taken by Mr. Caplice, w hen he says Isis firm is not respon ie lor debts contracted by former owners the mine, can be successfully assailed only by disproving the statements upon whicli it nds. uf ; 1 THE EMPLOYMENT OF TEACH EES. Now that the public school terms through out Montana have either closed or are drawing towards their close, it might be well for the gentlemen composing the boards of trustees to consider the method heretofore pursued in the employment of teachers and see if that method cannot be improved upon. Many are of opinion that it can; and the reasons they adduce appear to give very fair support to their views when they maintain that the old plan might be changed for the better both in reference to its bearings upon the school district, or upon the interests of the public, as well as its bearings upon the private individuals principally affected by it, that is, the teachers employed. According to the policy at present in vogue, at the close of winter term and the beginning of the long vacation, no reengagements of old teachers or selections of new ones are made. The matter is allowed to remain undecided—to rest in doubt and uncertainly, until towards tlie close of the summer vacation when, from such material as may then present itself, a corps of teachers is selected for the ensuing term. Now this plan is neither conducive to the welfare of the district, nor is it treating the teachers employed during the previous term, and who would like to continue in their respective situations, with the consideration their faithful service entitles them to. First, witli regard to the district. There is no scarcity oi teachers. Scores of replies are sure to come pouring in, at any season of the year, in response loan advertisement stating that a vacancy in the corps is to be filled. There is thus always ample latitude of choice! we will admit, and if teachers were all of a uniform grade of merit the selection of suit, able instructors for our district schools, or for the subordinate departments of our graded schools might be postponed without any par ticular harm, as far as the district is concerned until the day preceding the opening of the winter term. But this uniformity of excel lence is no more to be observed among teach ers than among those following other voca tions. There are teachers and teachers— good, bad and nidifièrent. With this diver sity, then, the plan best calculated to secure the first mentioned class, to the exclusion of the remaining two, would surely be the best, as affecting the public interests. This plan would consist not of a hasty selection at the eleventh hour, but rallier of a ^engagement at tlie very close of a term of those teachers whose services had given satisfaction, and systematic efforts, during vacation, to secure suitable persons to replace those whose en gagements it would he deemed inexpedient to renew. Under such a system there would he a basis of certainty to rely upon; while under tlie old plan it has been no uncommon experience for the trustees to he disappointed at the last moment by finding that a favorite teacher, whose l«engagement had been looked upon as a matter of course, had grown tired of waiting in uncertainty and had accepted employment offered elsewhere, although a continuance of the old employment, whose duties had become pleasant through the ties clustering about it, would greatly have been preferred, could it only have been assured. But the teachers laboring faithfully in tlie school loom are deserving of consideration in anything affecting their welfare, and from their point of view the old plan, with its attendant uncertainty, is in the highest degree objectionable. After a long term of service so irksome, so arduous as that of the teacher who strives faithfully to perform his or her duty towards tlie pupils in charge, the person released from that service is in every way in need of a restful vacation—of an unburden ing of the little corroding cares of the school loom—of repose for mind and body, tiiat a i mental and physical recuperation may ensue as the liest preparation for tlie labors of the following term, looked forward lo across the brief span of a summer vacation, ail to® short even when fully availed of. But how is the summer vacation io be enjoyed by teachers whose future is all uncertainty ; who are in a continuous state of anxiety respect ing tlie vital question of tlie means of earning their daily bread, an anxiety only relieved at tlie last moment; relieved to be replaced by the mind-wearing annoyances of tlie school room. Again: success is not achieved by „ • eyery well-meaning and worthy person who embarks in the teacher's profession. Even skilful, competent, carefully trained profes sional teachers do not iuvaiiably give satis , . . ... . . , faction in every locality or situation in which they find employment. In such cases then where the teacher, though making an honest effort and doing l.ishest fails to please, is it . . . ... . 1 tair play ; is it- treating him with the respect due faithful service to allow him to remain for months in uncertainty; to find only when too late to secure congenial employment else * A J where. that Ihe engagement lie Lad hoped to bave renewed was closed by tlie selection of another person ? The above is a presentation, however iiu perfect, of tliis matter of employing public school teachers, as it presents itself to tlie general public. We trust it will be sufficient to ensure a change in Ihe indicated direction, The New York Mail of May 1st, comments in the following fashion on a phase ot current politics, lately adverted to by the Mimeb : We regret to see that the more "stalwart" Grant organs do not treat tlie recent speeches of tlieir candidate with tlie attention and entliusiaatic support which tlies® carefully studied expressions deserve. From the time that he landed at GalveAon until he arrived at Bloomington, lie improved «very occasion to deny his belief In the terrible "emergency" in th® South whicli would render his election indispensable. If he is right, there is ho ; i'ein®rgency" whatever. Tlie ex-rebels are 1 only anxious to fight under tlie old flag. They are loyal and sincre. They can be trusted. In none of Gen. Grant's published speeches is there tlie slightest allusion lo the ostracism or subjugation or sufferings ot tlie colored race in the South. What does ail this mean? Gen. Grant always lias a clearly defined "line of operations." He lias followed it in all his re cent speeches. It takes him in an exactly opposite direction from tiiat in whicli Banks, Bnutwell, Logan and others have Ireen going. There is plenty of opport unity for reffen ion oyer these fads. IX THE ANTI-THIRD-TEMHEB». Our northern line of telegraph in II» inter mittent working furnished so meagre, discon nected and unsatisfactory a report of the antl-thlrd-term convention, in session at St. Louis on the sixth instant, that we have pur posely abstained from all mention of that body of anticipatory soreheads, uni 11 sucli time as the mail should bring a full account ot their proceedings. This we find in the Salt Lake Tribune of the 7th inst., and upon reading it we are confirmed in our suspicion that these third-termers, like the Liberal Re publicans of '72 are too pure to cut any figure in the practical politics of this wicked world. They are Republican idealists whose mission is not to do anything themselves, but rather to criticise, to carp at the potential activity of the practical men, whose hard lighting is apt to bear oil' the best prizes offered in the world as it is, while their peevish critics are satisfied with nothing but tlieir political Utopia to be reached in the Millenium, and not till then. The success achieved in the field of practical politics was well illustrated in '72 when they set out with a great flourish of trumpets with the avowed intention of nominating Charles Francis Adams, or Bristow, or some other candidate 11 without a stain" and succeeded in allowing themseves to be captured by Horace Greeley, who, to judge from the ver dict rendered at the polls in the ensuing Presidential electron must have fallen some what short of the degree of purity described as " without a stain." This was their record in 1872 and this year they rival it in the con vention of 400 " delegates '' assembling in St. I Louis. Those delegates do not claim to rep resent anybody but themselves. They are strictly self-appointed, and self-representa tive. Their convention would be of political : significance only if were considered at all strange that from the great Repulican party | there could be selected four hundred private ' gentlemen, willing to meet together and unite j their forces in a protest against the uomlna- ! tion of General Grant for a third term. '♦The following are the resolutions adopted. They are chiefly of value through their quotations from Republican platforms adopted in past years ; platforms enabling us to compare the past record w ith the present attitude of the Republican " machine " and, until the meet- 1 ing of the Chicago convention we remain un- 1 changed in our belief that the " machine " is tlie controlling power in tlie Republican camp. After apreamble reciting the hostility I of tlie convention lo a third term, it was Unsolved, That tlie members of this con vention for themselves and those whom they represent hereby reaffirm tlieir adhesion to tlie principles of tlie Republican parly as hereto fore set forth by its authorized representatives, and in view of the present exigencies, we do especially reaffirm the recent determinations of the State Republican conventions as fol lows : By the State convention of New York, 1875, "We declare our unalterable opposition to the election of any President for a third tym." By the State convention of Pennsyl vania, 1875, ami reaffirmed in 187ti, "We are unalterably opposed to the election to tlie Presidency of any person for a third term." By tlie State convention of Ohio, "Tlie ob servance of Washington's example will be in tlie future as it lias been in the past regarded j as a fundamental rule in the unwritten law of ; the Republic." By the Massachusetts Repub lican convention of 1875, "Sound reason, as I well as wise and unbroken usage of tlie Re- | public, illustrated by tlie example of Wash-! ington, requires that the lerui of the Chief Magistrate of the United States shall not exceed a second term." Like sentiments hav ing been announced by tlie Republican con ventions of Minnesota and other Republican States, all having been affirmed in December, 1875, by an overwhelming majority of both political parties in the National House. Unsolved, That tlie nomination of a third term candidate is especially to lie deprecated because it will unavoidably put tlie Republi can party on tlie defensive, because it will i revive tlie memory of public scandals and official corruption which brought our party to tlie verge of ruin and will again alienate a large and powerful body ot voters without whose aid success is neither possible nor deserved. While in llie character ami sur roundings of the third term candidate we lind no guarantee against their recurrence, hut rallier renew ed maintenance in (lie history of the men who are loudest in his support. llesoltrd. That we believe tiiat the question^ now agitating the public mind, connected as they are witli currency,, tariff, civil service, railroads and other means of intercoimnui i cations require talents ot a trained statesman, ! We find objections to a third term nomination no" liigeil upon (he comity, in that it would substitute a dangerous tendency to i personal government foi- a determined'and unwearied effort for a true relonn of tli® civil service, that reform ami thorough we declare to >•« WtftUo U.e safetv of the Republic itself. Lesotrcd. Hiatus Repu oilcans we can not | )e hero worshippers, and we demand from a party withouL a master tlie nomination of a candidate without a stain. , , Tha *.* "f 101 !" 1 committee of 100 be appointed and instructed, in the event of the nomination of General Grant, to meet in tlie city of New York at tlie call of tlie chair ,naM at this committee, and there to act in 1 ,H eSl out tlie spirit and purposes ot these resolu ■ tions, the said committee to he selected by a ; committee ot thirteen and published at ils earliest convenience. ■ At Balt more, Md., tlie honor of serving ; 'heir country in tlie jury box of aStatecouit ' was last week conferred on colored men for tlie first lime. ! i ! ■ Tlie Yellowstone Journal ol the Hist in stant announces the death of Probate Judge Carmichael. Judge Carmichael was the son in-law ef Mrs. Rogan, formerly of lids place. Hiver Sews. [Bismarck Tribune. Id nil.] Tlie river at this point is rising slewly. and boata leaving here load to three feet. The Key Weil arrived from Yankton at 3:30 yesterday. Site will lake on board at this place 200 tons of assorted merchandise for Ft. Bentoa, and will depart on Saturday. 7'he Far Watt arrived at Standing Rock ai 8-30 p. in., Sunday, leaving Monday morning and arriving in Bismarck at 7:30 p. nr. The Nellie Peek. Baker, master, Gilliam, clerk, left Sioux City Sunday last with 240 tons of freiglit and a good passenger list for Benton. When a chuti'li without internal dissensions is toil nit, 'lie millennium will tie appointed to come off in three «ergs. In Ireland a Catholic bishop has issued a pastoral in which he condemns the Land League and censures all taking an active part in its organization. A similar lack of sympathy between the people and tlieir spiritual guides was to be observed a few years ago, during the outgrowth of Irish national sentiment which assumed the name and form of Fenianism. The Fenians re ceived no encouragement from tlie church but instead were compelled to face its active opposition. For all that, they persevered, and if their cause did not triumph, or at least if it lias not yet triumphed, the reason is to be found in obstacles more material and more formidable than tlie denunciations of the clergy ; and as it was with Fenianism, so will it most likely be in tlie Land League agita tion. If the Irish people are docile and obedient in matters purely religious; in tlie field of politics they are possessed of far more independence Ilian the world is usually willing to credit them with. However sincere may be their belief in religious teachings, or implicit the obedience yielded those tea hings in matters of failli or morals; in political questions, affecting their material welfare, they are characterized by a self-asserting confidence very apt to make them choose their own course. With such questions as rent, the tenure of land, etc., they have had ample opportunity to become perfectly famil iar through long and bitter experience. Of tlie reforms necessary to correct defects in the land laws and the abuses which have made a legitimate descent from tlie feudal tenure under which estates in Ireland were originally held—of those reforms they consider them selves amply qualified to judge, without tlie aid or advice of their pastors. Tlie bishop's pastoral is not at all likely to put an extin guisher oil the Laud League agitation. At 7 oronto, Ontario, George Bennett, alias Dicksjn, has been held for wilful murder,for the killing of the Hon. George Brown, pro prietor of the Toronto Globe. The circum stances attending the tragedy will be remem bered by our readers. Brown, a Scotchman by birth, was founder and for many years editor of the Toronto Globe, as well as the recognized leader of the Reform or "Clear Grit" party in Canada. As a reform journal the Globe might he compared with the New York Tribune, while controlled by Horace Greeley during the anti-slavery agitation; Ui tier Brown's management it was always characterized by editorial ability, by fearless ness in its treatment of those in power, ami liy energy in the collection of news. A little more candor, a little more, conscientiousness in the employment of the means calculated to accomplish ils ends w as all tiiat was lacking to make the Globe a truly great journal; and for want of this truthfulness it never possessed among the more intelligent classes of its own party the full measure of influence that its ability would otherwise have entitled it lo. This was the Globe while under Brown's editoiial management, and next to the mirror held up to nature is the newspaper in reflect ing the character of its editor. But notwith standing tliis unfairness Brown was a man of great influence. His was one of the positive, aggressiv«, earnest natures which n. verfall to leave tlieir impress upon their contemporaries, or even on tlieir age. If he was cordially hated by one party in politics, lie was as siu cerely beloved by another, who saw in him an able and fearless, if not over-scrupulous leader. Now that lie is gone even bis former enemies will freely admit that lie possessed many qualities worthy of respect and admira tion. Professor- Will you mention some liquid tiiat is lighter than water?" Junior—" Alco hol." Professor—" Can you mention any other with which you are familiar ?" Junior immediately searches for a club. VALITON'S LIVERY STARLE • --A.T-- PARK STREET BRIDGE, BUTTE, MONTANA. Tlie Must Complete Livery Establishment on the We«/ Siae. Barouches, Beach Wagons, Sulkies, Covered Carriages and Saddle Horses To Let. The Finest Hearse in Montana. Complete Stock of MITCHELL WAGONS! The Befit on Wheels, constantly on hand and STOCK BOARDED BY DAY OR WEEK In charge of careful hostlers The Stable has a GJIAXITE FLOOE, and other accommodation* superior In any other »labte in Hutte. CHARGES REASONABLE. H. G. VALITON AUERBACH, WELLS & C0 M HELENA - - MONTANA. Books, Stationerv. FANCY GOODS, NOTIONS. AND TOYS, MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, Pictures and Mirrors. AGENTS FOR SINGER SEWING MACHINES, THE STANDARD ORGANS, QROVENSTEIN & FULLER'S PIAN IS FABER'S GOLD PENS AND PENCILS. j 1 ! I j COMING ! AIT IMMENSE Stock of Dry Goods, Clothii Boots, Shoes, Carpets, WOMEN'S AND MISSES' SUI Of the latest styles, direct from Manufacturers All of which will arrive in May and offered at prices which will be satisfactory to all. E. L. BONNER CO, Wm. OWSLEY, OWSLEY & MANTLE, Livery, Sale and Feed Stabil , MAIN STREET, BUTTE. Stylish and Elegant Turnouts! Carriages. Phaetons, Bd gies and Saddle Horse? to let. SPECIAL TE11MS and particular attention given to private boardin'/ of Horses, liij and Harness. Careful and attentive Hostlers in cliarr/e. Satisfaction guaranteeit. Standard Ilay Sealer in connexion with the Stubte warranted to weigh correctly. Charges reasonable. Stable centr'd} y located. Agency for the Fish Bro's. Wagon, "The Best Wagon] Wheels." A supply kept constantly on hand. iced for Spring I Vagans, Haggles, Phaetons and Iron A.rle running Gear capacity. Cult and see Cuts and Prices. .1 warranty given with each wnyon. | AGENCY FOR ALL OF THE McCormick Harvesting Machine Co's«| AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS ! THE BEST 11 ST THE WORLD. BEST IÜNT THE WOBl The McCormick Iron Mower* latest improved; the MeCormiek Self-Hinder ; the Met ora Combined Heap inf/ and Mowing MarUtncs; the Challenge Self Operatine/ Sulky Ilay rake. INÜTTE/ANCE AGENCY, LEE MANTLE, Agel r j I The J. I. CASE & CO. Threshers and Center Draft Steel Plowl If• you want anything in the above line call and les| your orders. J. J. YORK, PATTERN MAKER! o-A.m»E3srxER,iisrc3 Ami all kludsof wood work lioneon short mil Ire Shoe at went end or Bark street Bride« * VITK .W'X/A y A SILVER LAKE HOUSE PHILIPSBURG, Montana, MURPHY * JKNKIN 8 . - PROPRIKTQHH Finest and most Commotions Hotel on the West Side. Rooms light xvHI YPHtilBtPil Ac^muiOil« CIRTON HOUSE a I BUTTE CITY, MONT., AO EATGIRTON P* Good Accommodations for Lodge" No Bar in nor fia loon lieai tlie G next* vHU Receive (Jaotl Attend tort Itoar« I per week............. Board per r»av.......................... Lodging per I)ay........*.,V ............. The traveling public will find tills a i*l hotel, ami th eh- palromige is respect fully lied . v )- 3 m ROUT UlRTt»