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Volume 6. Helena, Montana, Thursday, January 18, 1872.
No. 8 TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION TERMS FOB THB DAILY HERALD. Single Copy.......................... |0.W One Week........................................LOO One Month.......................................ABO Three Monthe....................................0.00 One Cop/ Six Months............................UN One Copy One Year..................... 2T.no TERMS fob THB WEEKLY HERALD. One Copy One Y«r........ ,..R.oo " *• Six Months............................6.00 u " Three Months..........................A00 ■■■»'»'■ . II MT ....... SIP . THE WEEHLY HERALD. PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING. FISK BROS., Publishers. Written for the Herald. THE VOICE OF WINTER. I come, I come 1 'tie me, ye may know, I come o'er the moon tains with wind and snow ; With a scowl on my brow, and death on my cheek, With the light of my eye all sanken and bleak ; My vesture all worn, my hair like the frost, My form bending low and its steadiness lost I have breathed on the north my death dealing breath, It has touched all the flowers with a hne of death ; And the ancient oak and sturdy Un Are left aU bare where my breath hath been. But 'tie not for me, in hoar of dreed, To speak of the living, bnt of the dead. I have looked an the South, and her sunny vales Are robbed of their verdate by my chUllng gales ; The sea has a tinge of deeper blue, The sky bae a look of darker hoc ; The bleat of the lamb ye hear not again. And the rivulet Is bound by my icy chain. The hUls and the mountains, and the valleys betweeen, Are robed in the vesture of my snowy screen ; My Icy Angers are hanging all stiff From the eaves of each honte and every cliff. The jay's wild note ie stifled and still, And ye hear not now the gurgling rilL The brooks and founts have ceased their flew— They are burled deep 'neath the lily enow ; They sweep no more down the mountain brows, They fling no spray o'er the f omet bows ; They gush no more from their sparry caves, And the earth la silent as a realm of graves 1 see not abroad the happy throngs Who sing, in Summer, their rustic songs ; I have shut them up by their Area bright, Where the sparks fly out with a streak of light ; They dread my voice as It whistles by, And they wish again for the clear blue sky. The poor laboring man, with care-worn brow, Faces the wind and braves me now ; He sallies forth from his much loved cot, And sighs with the wind for his lowly lot ; He thinks as he goes thro' street and lane Tis hard to live through my piercing reign. The leaves which danced to the warm Spring breeze Are mouldering away 'neath the forest trees ; The laurel of fame stands lowly bent. From the clear bright crystal on its twigs I sent, Like a man who bows 'neath a burthen of pains. While age it abroad in my dark domains. And ye! ye were gay in the spring time of life, Bnt now ye are changed by the world's bitter strife ; Your eye hath a look of piercing glare. Which speaks of a word of sorrow and care; Ye smile! but your smile hath a look of pain, And 1 know that we ne'er shall meet again. Of the lyre and the wreath ye have lost the charm— You heavily lean on your friend's strong arm ; The joy of your footsteps has long since fled, The winter of life is white on your head ; I'll return again on my annual round, And And you buried 'neath the cold, cold ground. Perchance ye may live till the lay of Spring— May gladden you» heart with its merry ring ; Your brow may assume a look more bright. Your eye may glisten with new delight: The hair of your head, tho' white as snow, May dance to the winds, as they sweetly blow. Oh, what a change! for I sec not here AH whom I saw lu the vanished year. They are gone—they are gone to a brighter shore. I retrace my steps ; ye are mine no more. I go where none bnt myself may dwell, I tarry no longer—fareweU ! farewell ! ! Spring is coming, with a sprig in her cap ; Go plnck the flowers from her dewy lap— And bind a wreath for your children fair, Ere you loose the gleam of their shining hair. But, for me, I depart to a frozen dell Where the flowers ne'er bloom—fare ye well, farewell ! •m m I — I » p t » Beautiful. The following lines were written at a public school in Carson, Nevada, by a girl of fifteen. It was her composition, and she need not be ashamed of it : Beautiful clouds ! I have watched ye long, Fickle and bright as a fairy throng! Now ye have gathered golden beams ; Now ye are parting in silver streams ; Now ye are tinged with a roseate blush, Deepening fast to a crimson flush ; Now, like aerial spirits at play, Yc are lightly dancing another way— Melting in many a pearly flake, Like the cygnates down on the azure lake ! Now ye gather again and run To bask in the blaze of the setting sun ; And anon ye serve as Zephy's car. Flitting before the. evening star. O, where, is the eye that doth not love The glorious phantoms that glide above? O, where is the spirit that hath not bowed To Its God, in the shrine of a passing cloud? MONTANA A1TD HER RESOURCES. Interesting Lecturs by Lssnlias B. Boyle, Es«. Large Audience and Cordial Greeting of «Me speaker. A large number of our citizens assembled at the Court House, on Wednesday evening, to listen to the lecture on "Montana and Her Resources," for several days past advertised to be delivered by Leonidas H. Boyle, Esq., at the request of our people. The audience was nailed to order by W. E. Cullen, Esq., and Mr. J. P. Forbis was elected C hairman. Mr. Boyle proved himself a most agreeable speaker, and his lecture, from the commence ment to the close, was listened to with marked attention. We can only give a few of the more prom inent points of the gentleman's lecture. It opened with a brief reference to the vastness of our territorial area. Stretching for 250 miles from north to south, and 750 miles from east to west, it embraces a territorial area of nearly 150,000 square miles, and its estimated population in 1870 gave to it only one-seventh of a man to each square mile. The speaker next took A BIRD'S-EYE VIEW or MONTANA. A position above the Bald Mountain would show, nearly in the front, and running to the northward, the main range of the Rocky Mountains. Near to us and in our rear, branching from it, is the Bitter Root and Cœur d'Alene range, forming the western boundary of Montana. Nestled between these mountains, like a dimpled baby snugly nestled in a royal cradle, lie the rich valleys of the Clarke's Fork of the Columbia river; and there are the rivers themselves. Just to our front is the feeble Deer Lodge—neither creek nor river—but gathering to itself, from gulch and canyon and hill, even as a hen gathereth her chickens, almost innumerable rills, rivulets and creeks. Soon assuming a more rapid and uncouth current, the Deer Lodge becomes the Hell Gate. This, rein forced by the Bitter Root from the sonth, and Big Blackfoot from the north, assumes an other name, and the broqd and beautiful Mis soula stretches out before us. And now comes the Flathead current, and after a hearty plunge through the spurs of the Coeur d'Alene range, the grand and magnificent Clarke's Fork of the Columbia. In a short time this is lost for awhile in the waters of Coeur d'A lene Lake, but issuing from its northwestern extremity, it rolls away from our sight, hid den by great forests where " rolls the Oregon, and hears (or once heard) no sound save its own dashings." Far to our north is the Flathead lake, now quiet, but waiting for the future smoking and raving steamboat, with obedient helm, and wing swift to do the will of commerce. These are tributaries of the Pacific Ocean. A rapid glance at those of the Atlantic. Just below us and to our rear, at the south western base of the Bald Mountain, are a few hot springs, and those springs constitute one of the main sources of the Missouri. Feebly and flutteringly they run around to the north of us ; gathering other streams, they widen into the Big Hole river. Off yonder to our right, the Big Hole meets with the Beaver head and Pas8amori, and then we have the Jefferson. Now for the others of its triad of brothers which form the head sources of the great Missouri. Beyond and further to our right and east is the wonderful basin of the Fire Hole River, the head water of the Madison. Still beyond, but farther to the north, is the slender west fork of the Gallatin. Near to Bozeman comes in the east fork, and at the gate of the mountains the Jefferson, Madison and Gallatin como together, and the mighty Missouri ploughs its way through a steep mountain canyon, takes its way to the north, at Dearborn River turns to the east, takes a plunge over the great falls, and after swallow ing the Milk and Marias from the north and the Muscleshell from the south, is lost to the view among the Coteaux de Terre of Dakota. Still further to onr right and south lies the Yellowstone Lake, shining, glistening and glittering like a huge mass of molten silver just ran from the smelting works of Mr. Bohm. The Yellowstone River issues from the debouchure at its northern extremity, and for a time we lose it among its rocky fissures, deep canyons, and the steam and spray ar riving from innumerable hot springs, mud geysers and tremendous cateracts. Yonder again we see it flowing to the north, with valleys soon to be awakened with the whistle of the locomotive, and to l&tigh an abundant harvest at the tickling of the ranchman's plow. At the mouth of Shields River, and near to the Crow Agency, it turns to the east, receiving the Big Horn, Tongue and Powder Rivers, and It too is swallowed up in the great father of many waters. Between the Mis souri and the Yellowstone where the Muscle shell "comes cranking in" toward the Utter river, stand the Red Buttes in Ion ley and Vermillion colored solitude, like ghosts of brawny Indians of the the olden time keeping sentinel watch over the last remnants of glory and hunting ground left to their degenerate clildren. These are but a few only of the more prominent water courses which everywhere, like entangled threads of a silver skein, are scattered over Montana. The whole expanse b one broad scene of variegated beauty, un equaled in its attractiveness, and relieved In every direction by bold out-jutting* of moun tain ranges, with their "Baby paaka which art peeping From ander their bed-clothaa or anow." Recognizing the unparalled beauty of Mon tana, and its attractions "to him who in the love of Nature holds communion with her various forms," let us now look at its advan tages as a home to the emigrant. That coun try which has cheap and fertile lands, good water and an abundance of it, wood and coal for domestic use and exportation, water power for manufactures, mineral wealth of various kinds, and a ready market for every thing produced by the fermer, and, added to these, every facility for stock raising of every kind, not only offers a home of unequalled attraction to him who desires "a change of base" for the purpose of bettering his condi tion, but it has a prosperity in the future which b absolutely certain, and is to a great extent independent of foreign aid. We bave not the space, though we sincerely wish we had, to give the proofs given by Mr. Boyle of the mining, agricultural, manufac turing and stock raising advantages of the Territory. Considering each of them alone, he demonstrated that in mines of gold, silver, iron, copper and tin, we have a wealth which the development of capital and railroads will show to be unprecedented. Vast quantities of coal lie among our lime-stone formations, only awaiting a change of exbting laws for a development Iron and copper are found nearly everywhere. We undoubtedly have deposits of tin such as, for richness and ex tent, are not known to exist anywhere but in Montana ; and our oldest and most experi enced miners believe that our auriferous and argentiferous quartz leads, in the wealth of their veins, are unequalled by those of any country in the world. Nearly 80,000,000 acres of our area b tim ber land, the forests consisting of pine, cedar, fir and hemlock. This supply of wood, to gether with that found along the valleys, b sufficient not only for home use, but also for a large amount of exportation to the territo ries to the east and west of us destitute of timber. On the whole of the American con tinent there is to be found nowhere in the same extent of territory, such an extent of water power, with such rapid fall, as in Mon tana. A far less quantity has given to New England a wealth which controb the grain of the West and the cotton of the South, and causes even the great States of the Pacific to tremble at her nod. In an agricultural point of view, we chal lenge comparison with any other portion of the West. One-third of our territorial area is classed by the Surveyor General as agri cultural land, and after making an ample al lowance for all the land claimed, pre-empted or homesteaded, we have at least 20,000,000 acres open to settlement by immigration. For grain, roots, and nearly every kind of vegetables, there is no country beyond Mon tana. We have raised the largest crops of wheat ever recorded, and the brag premium crop of our worthy Chairman, Maj. Forbis, (82§ bushels of wheat to the acre) has been excelled during the past season by a ranch man on the Passamari, who harvested one hundred bushels to the acre. Five hundred and twenty bushels of potatoes to the acre is only a specimen of what our farmers can do in the vegetable line. For health, Montana is unrivalled, but we have not time to give the speaker's remarks upon this point. Notwithstandingtlie great sources of wealth heretofore noticed, stock raising is destined to be one of our grand elements of prosperity. We have the best and most nutritious grass for stock purposes to be found anywhere on the continent. For sheep, our climate and grasses are unequalled, and some day vast herds of these fleecy quadrupeds will speck the hill-sides and dot the valleys of this Ter ritory. They will fertilize onr land and bring a wealth to U9 far beyond our most hopeful anticipations. Here a comparison was in stituted, much to the disadvantage of the United States, of the wool product of various countries. In '<33 the aggregate wool clip was nearly 1,•">00.000,900 lbs. Of this, while Asia produced 470,000.000 pounds. Great Britain 260,000,000, and Germany 800,000, 000, we produced only 100,000,000. When the vast area of the Rocky Mountain country ■hall be settled, we shall then surpass any country in the world in the production and manufacture of wool. Hers the speaker demonstrated the adap tiveness ot the country to the cashmere goat, and its wonderful value as a domestic animal. A want of time and space compeb us to bring this report of the lecture to a dose. The finals was an eloquent and picturesque description of the future of Montana, to which the large audience gave almost breath less attention. We much regret that, the lecture being extempore, it b not in our power to give, in a future issue, a full synopab or report, just as it fell from the lips of the elo quent speaker. We join in the request, which we understand has been made of Mr. Boyle, that the lecture may be repeated, so that many who were unavoidably absent last night, may have the privilege of heating it GOLDEN WORDS. —Be humble.— T. Tilton. —Don't deceive.— Baron Munchausen. —Lore your country.— Jeff. Davit. —Mind your own business.— Cataeasy. —Don't read noveb.— Harper Brothers. —I would not be a Judge.— Callaway. —Make money and do good with it— Win. M. Tweed. —Don't marry until you can supporta wife. (Nor then either.)— Malthus. —Wisdom b better than soup.— Daniel Webster's reply to Gen. Scott. —I attrybut mi suckcess in life to ml devo shun to spellying.— Josh Billings. —He that in the world would rise, must take the papers and advertise.— Confucius. —An honest man gathers no moss. A rolling stone'B the noblest work of God.— P. V. Naseby. —Attend strictly to your official duties. Be upright Have no petty spites. Nurse no grudges. Be great, and good, and wise. Thus have I become distinguished, and made for myself a name in the land.— Potts. Jsaes, the Eicayed Cenvlct] Hllleff—A Terrible Fight* The Virginia (Nev.) Enterprise, of Decem ber 19th, has the following correspondence, dated Bishop creek, December 12th, giving an account of the most desperate fight which has ever occurred on the Pacific coast : There has been another terrible fight with one of the escaped State prison convicts, the particulars of which are as follows : Francis A. Armistead, the man who was one of the foremost in the taking of Roberts, Morton and Black, found the track of Charley Jones about fifty miles from the head of Long Val ley, on the head of the San Joaquin river, and trailed him to my sheep camp, where he was stopping. Armistead had some talk with Jones, telling him he wanted a man to drive horses to Arizona. Jones hired to him for the trip, and thus matters rested until morn ing. In the morning Armistead told me what was up, and said that he expected h— 1 be fore he got through. While we were talking Jones went to the house and got my Henry rifle, and when he came out said: "Here, you d—d son of a b— h, I know your busi ness. You want to take me back to Nevada. Hell, I will die first." When he had thus declared himself, he at once drew up and fired at Armistead. Armistead instantly re turned the fire, his shot taking effect in Jones' right breast. The fight now began in dead earnest, and both men being armed with Henry rifles, it was fearful. There was al most a constant stream of fire, and it seemed that nearly every shot took effect. The men were about thirty steps apart. Jones kept giving way, and Armisteau kept following him up until he fell from loss of blood. When Armistead fell, Jones rushed upon him, but Armistead raised hb gun again and fired, shooting Jones through the head and killing him instantly. Thus ended the most desperate fight ever witnessed in the country. Armistead fired fifteen shots, hitting his mark twelve times; while Joues, the convict, fired eleven shots, nine of which took effect upon the body of Armistead, and either of the wounds inflicted would have probably proved fatal. Armstead lived about two hours after the fight. He was the coolest man I ever saw. He said that if he had killed .Jones he was willing to die. He requested me to write of the affair, and his last words were : "Tell her I love -r." When he first fell he spoke of "Aunt Sallie" and "Charley." Through the request of a dying man, I ask you to publish this. Yours truly, GEO. SLAWSON. —First Lieutenant Gordon Winslow, of the Eight Infantry, was sentenced to be dismissed from the service for conduct unbecoming an officer and gentleman. The sentence has been commuted to placing him at the foot of the first lieutenants of his regiment ; to sus pension from rank for the period of one year, and to forfeiture of $50 per month of his pay during the period of hb suspension. ►» — - —The ceremony of tying the marriage knot b much simplified in the Hoosier State, as the following will show : " What's your name, sir?" "Matty." "Whatis your name, Miss ?" " Polly." " Matty, do you love Polly?" " No mistake." "Polly, do you love Matty?" " Well, I reckon." "Well, then— I pronounce yon man and wile, Ail the day» of your life. THE CIVIL. SERVICE BEFDRH PORTOF THE COHHISSIONK1 The Civil Service Commissioners, selected to inquire into and report upon a Civil Service. Reform bill, have partially completed their labors. After reviewing the history and present condition of the civil service of the Republic, the Commissioners recommend the adoption of the following rales : First—Applications for position in civil service shall furnish satisfactory evidence of character and paas an examination in speak ing, reading and writing. Second—Advises that the Board to be ap pointed by the President shall group potations in each branch of the public service accord ing to the character of the duties to be per formed, and to grade each group from highest to lowest, for the purpose at promotion.— Admission to the civu service shall always be from the lowest grade. Third—Vacancies in the lowest group shall be filled after public notice and the competi tive examination of applicants. Fourth—A vacancy occurring in any grade of a group above the lowest shall be filed by competitive examination from applicants from other grades of that group, the name« to be certified as before stated. Fifth—Applicants qualified for appoint» menta as P^ahicra, Treasurers, Superintend ents of Money Order Divisions in Postofflces, and other custodians of sums of money, for whose fidelity another officer is responsible, shall not be appointed except with the ap proval of such officer. Sixth—Postmasters whose annual salary Is leas than $900 may be appointed upon the written request of applicants, with auch evi dence of character and fitness as shall be satisfactory to the head of the Department. Seventh—All appointments, except such as are made by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall be for a pro bationary term (tax months) ; if at the end of such probationary term, satisfactory proof of fitness shall have been furnished, they shall be reappointed. Eighth— 1 The President will designate three persons in each Department of the service to serve of the Advisory Board, and shall con duct the examination of all applicants for position or promotion in the Department Ninth—Provides that faithful employees in a Department who may become physically or mentally incapacitated for the discharge of the duties of their position may be appointed by the head of the Department t? those of less responsibility in the same Department Tenth—Nothing in these rules snail prevent the appointment of aliens to potation in the Consular service, which by reason of «mail compensation or of other sufficient cause, are in the judgment of the appointing power necessarily so filled ; nor the appointment of such persons within the United States as are indispensible to thé proper discharge of duties in certain positions, but who may not be familiar with the English language or legally capable of naturalization. Eleventh—Prohibits strictly the assessment on or payment by employes of Departments for political purposes under the form of vol untary contribution, or otherwise. Twelfth—Provides that the Advisory Board may recommend to the President such changes in these rules as it may consider necessary to greater efficiency of the service. Thirteenth—From these rules are excepted Heads of Departments, Assistant Secretaries of the Departments, Assistant Attorney Gen eral, the First Assistant Postmaster General, the Solicitor General, the Solicitor of the Treasure, Naval Solicitor, Examiner of Claims in the State Department, Treasurer of the United States, Register of the Treasury, First and Second Controlers, Treasure Judges, United States Court District Attor neys, Private Secretaiy of the President, Ambassadors and other public Ministers, Su perintendents of the Coast Survey, Directors of ihe Mint, Governors' Secretaries, Special Commissioners, Special Animal Visiting Ex aming Board, persons appointed to position without compensation for services, Dispatch Agents and bearers of dispatches. ENDORSEMENT FROH THE PEOPLE. To the Editor of the Hersld. Your very able and timely article in the Hibald of Tuesday, criticising in an effective maimer some of the official acts of Gov. Potts, meets with universal approval among Republicans. It has added a good deal to thé previous high estimation placed on the paper in this and other communities of Montana. There is precious little sympathy existing between the citizens of Montana and the Governor. He keeps himself aloof from the masses, and is bound up in his egotism. He may be a great man—and I think he is physi cally—but he has the poorest way of showing his greatness that I have ever seen. He lacks discretion and foresight, and has no business to set himself up as a Republican leader. Only one man 1 have talked with thought your remarks were too severe. You were gentlemanly and correct, and the party will sustain you in the assertion that Gov. Potts is not a dictator to direct Republicans what they must do and what they must not do. He would do well to attend to his own business, quit meddling with the Judiciaiy, and attempting to govern the course of under officials of the Territory. He is a new-comer and interloper here, and as long as we have got a Republican Delegate, let Mr. Potts confine himself to the Governor's seat I trust you will go forward with your fight, for it is just, and the Republicans of Montana will back you now as they have backed you before. God speed you. REPUBLICAN. Helena. January 11.