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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, January 25, 1872, Image 1

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Volume 6.
Helena, Montana, Thursday, January 25, 1872.
1 ,r
Single Copy........ ... ..... *>.*3
One Week................... 1.00
One Month.......................................MO
Three Month«.......*............................. 9.00
One Copy Six Months...................j........18.00
One Copy One Year..............................91.00
One Copy One Year...............................*8.00
« m Six Months..................... 6.00
" ** Three Months............... 8.00
FISK BROS,, Publishers
Click! Click!
Go the types In the "stick."
They glide in together with ominous sound,
As swiftly the hand that collects them goes roand.
And arranges them firm in the "stick,"
Click! Click 1
Click! Click!
See them now in the "stick,"
What wonderful things they are, aa they alt;
One moment 'Us satires now it Is wit—
Unmeaning when single—combined, then they hit
A terrible blow with their click—dick
in putting them nj^tn the 'yUck,"
1 1 Click!
Click ! Click !
See them now in the "sUck."
To the thief or
And the
Away from
•Orrow betide '
vain tries to glide
the world cannot hide
Him away from the sound of the click—click,
Of putting up types in the "stick,"
Click! Click!
Click (Click!
they go In the "stick."
It at the
s sound, with a
__________.______od of flight.
But it never can"flee from that dick, dick,
Of putting up types in the "stick."
, Click I Click!
j from self by day or by nl
As ltviewa with suspicion each
Click! CUck!
See them now In the "stick,"
By the midnight lamp, or the broad sunlight.
Of putting the tygee In the "stick."'
illckt Click!
Click ! Click!
See them Arm In the "stick,"
Their loud voices echoing Bound through the world.
At the sound the bright banner of Freedom's unfurled {
Wherever 'tie heard, there the tyrants are hurled
From their power, by the sound of the dick, click.
" -* j type fn the "stick."
Click! Click 1
Of putting i
CUck! CUck!
Qo the types In the "stick,"
States, rulers and monarchies, pachas and kings—
The poet, the painter—the minstrel who sings.
Have a most "holy horor" of these little things—
Of ths noise that they make with their click, click,
When setting them up in the "stick."
CUck! CUck!
CUck! CUck!
Goes the type in the "stick."
To the good and tho just—and all nations around,
"To the rest of mankind," and where virtues abound,
With high throbbing hearts, there is welcomed the
And the noise that it makes by the click, click,
Of putting the types In the "stick."
CUck! CUck!
Tiik Age of tub Patriarchs. —Some have
not hesitated seriously to ascribe to our fore
father, Adam, the height of nine hundred
yards, and the age of almost a thousand years.
But the accurate and rational investigation of
modem philosophy has converted the sup
posed boues of giants found in different parts
of the earth, into those of the elephant and
and rhinoceros ; and accute thcologists have
shown that the chronology of the early ages
was not the same as that used at the present
time. Some, particularly Hosier, have
proved, with the highest probability, that the
year, till the time or Abraham, consisted only
of three months; that it was afterwards ex
tended to eight; and that it was not until the
time of Joseph that it was made to consist of
twelve. These assertions are, in a certain de
gree, confirmed by the Eastern nations, who
still reckon only three months to the year; and,
besides, it would be altogether inexplicable
why the life of man should be shortened one
half immediately after the flood. It would
iqually inex "
be equally inexplicable why the patriarchs
did not marry till their sixtieth, seventieth,
***** uvv Utwtj *AAA (AIWA OAAUCUi, DU» CUUUU 1 ,
and even hundredth year; but this difficulty
vanishes when we reckon these ages accord
; to the before-mentioned standard which
will give the twentieth or thirtieth year ; and
consequently, the same period at which peo
ple marry at present. The whole, therefore
according to this explanation, assumes a dif
ferent ~ ' - - -
years (the highest recorded) which Methuse
lah lived, will be reduced to two hundred—
an age which is not imj
some men in modern
ible, and to which
es have nearly ap
Thk New York Leader, Oakcy Hall's per
sonal organ, died on the last Saturday Of 1871
with these jokes ;
We call the attention of our readers to our
prospectus for 1872.
Next year being leap year, the Leader will
leap It.
Our readers will perceive that there is no
story this week "to be continued."
It appears from a comparison made at the
Treasury Department that the commerce of
(treat Britain and her colonies embrace 40^
per cent of the entire international commerce
of the globe. But a large part of the com
merce of the nations of Europe beihg by
land routes it is probable, that British com
merce ethbraces 80 per refit, of .the entire
commerce of the world by Sea.
Philadelphia, October 25th, 1871. J
You will be pleased to learn the following
facts regarding the prosperous progrees of
the Northern Pacific Railroad :
The track is now about completed across
the State of Minnesota, 250 miles, the grade
,y. Regular
over the completed section.
Early in October contracts were let for the
construction of the Dakota division, extend
ing 200 miles westward, from the crossing of
the Red River to the crossing of the Missouri,
in Central Dakota. This division is to be
finished by the first day of July next, and 50
miles are to be graded before the beginning
of winter. In the meantime, a section of 65
miles Is under construction between the
Colombia river and Puget Bound, in Wash
ington Territory, where track laying is rapidly
It will be remembered that the Northern
Pacific Company last year purchased both the
Main Line and Branch of the St. Paul & Pa
cific Road. Within the last three months,
the main line has been completed, through a
noble country, to the Red River at Brecken
ridge. Contracts were last week let for the
continuation of the Branch, from the present
terminus, at Watab, on the MiseissippiRiver,
70 miles northward, to Brainerd, where it will
join the trunk line of the Northern Pacific.
Finally, contracts have been let for the con
struction of a branch road from St. Cloud (75
miles north of St. Paul,) to Pembina, , n the
British border, a distance of 875 miles. This
line is tp be completed within fifteen months
of the present time. It will drain the richest
portion of the Red River Valley, 'open direct
communication with the British settlements
of Winnipeg and the rich Saskatchewan
Basin It will also serve as the south-eastern
arm of the North Pacific Road, reaching to
St. Paul and Minneapolis, and thus connect
ing with Chicago and the trunk lines to the
Eut. . ,4
The completion of these contracts will give
the North Pacific Company, at the close of
next year, 000 miles of road in the fertile and
prosperous State of Minnesota; it will carry
the trunk line of the great thoroughfare nearly
one-third of its distance across the continent,
and will bring to the Northern Pacific Road
the large and profitable trafic of Montana,
and the Government transportation of the
Ujiper Missouri.
anticipated that this business alone,
without waiting for through trade, will meet
----- T V. . TP. Jjggk
the interest on the cost of the finished portion
of the Road. The Hudson's Bay Company
has already leased docks and warehouses at
Duluth, preparatory to doing hs immense
business over the Northern Pacific line.
Settlers are occupying the lands along the
route with surprising and gratifying rapidity.
About the first of January, nearly two mil
lion acres of the finest lands in Minnesota
will bo placed in market by the Northern
Pacific Railroaa Company, and the proceeds
of their sale will be used to purchase and
cancel the company's 7-80 bonds. The com
pany's lands in Minnesota will much more
than pay the cost of building the Minnesota
division of the road, and their scale will be
rapid—indeed, many thousand acres have
already been sold to actual settlers, in ad
vance of being offered. The company's lands
west of Minnesota, through Dakota, are also
of superb character, and will speedily come
into market
Owing to the rigid economy and perfect
integrity with which all departments of the
enterprise are managed, ana the great reduc
tion in the cost of material within the last
few years, the cost of construction and equip
;r mile
ment proves to be considerably less per
than the original estimates. For example,
locomotives which cost $19.000 each when
the Union and Central Pacific roads were
bpilt, are now sold at less than $10,500 ; best
American rails, which during the war sold at
about $100 per ton, now cost tho Northern
Pacific Company, only about $70 per ton.;
right of way, and stone and timber material,
which are usually large items in the cost of a
new road, are furnished to the Northern Pa
cific gratuitously from the Government do
main. . The bearing that this greatly dimin
ished cost of construction must have on the
value and security of the Company's 7-30
Bonds, is obvious.
The money is being furnished for the early
completion of the Northern Pacific Road by
the now rapid sale (at par and accrued inter
est) of its First Mortgage 7-30 Bonds. Their
absorption by investors has been very rapid
during the last three months, and with a con
tinuation of the present rate of increase of
sales the Company may soon be enabled to
reduce the rate of interest on the remainder
of its loan, or advance the price of the 7-30
bonds above par. Thesé bonds have estab
lished their character as a first class security,
good evidence of which is the fact that they
are being largely taken as an investment by
many of the Savings Banks of New Eng
land, and conservative moneyed institutions
of other States. Since the success of the
United States Five. Per Cent. Loan, very
many holders of Five-Twenties have taken
advantage of the favorable opportunity to
exchange their Government bonds for North
ern Pacifies, at a large profit. These ex
changes are increasing in volume in all parts
of the countiy.
Steadily, and with even greater rapidify
than was'anticipated by its projectors, thu
great thoroughfare is* advancing across the
continent, opening as it progresses the finest
belt of hndeveloped country in America.
Every phase of the enterprise is ta the most
satisfactory condition. Its complete success
was long since assured, and its early comple
tion is now a certainty.
Philadelphia, Washington and New York.
Financial Agents of North«
road Company.'
them Pacific liait
Second Seam on.
Washington, January 17. —SENATE—
Cole introduced a bill to admit tea and coffee
free of duty,
The bill for the relief of United States
Marshal Campbell of the Northern District
of Illinois passed.
TrumbuU called up the bill to restore the
records of the United States Courts in the
Northern District of Illinois.
Sawyer, from the Committee on Education
and Labor, reported with amendments, a bill
to provide for the appointment of a Labor
Commission. The amendment to fix the
salary of the clerk of the Commission at $1,
400 per annum, and make an appropriation
of $16,400 for all salaries of the Commission,
and $1,000 for stationery and postage, was
discussed until Sumner called for the regular
order, it being the amnesty bill. The pend
ing amendment was supplementary to 'the
civil rights bill, upon which Sumner addressed
the Senate.
He said that he regretted to again occupy
the attention of the Senate on tide subject,
but the allegations of the opponents of this
bill, that the colored people did not desire its
passage, and that they preferred the removal
of the rebels' disabilities to the removal of
their own, made it his duty to lay before the
Senate testimony in favor of the measure
which had come up to him from the colored
people in all parts of the country. He then
read a great number of addresses, résolu
tions of colored conventions, and'letters
from representatives of the colored men, and
private individuals, setting forth the griev
ances of which they complain, and expressing
an earnest desire for the Immediate passage
of a supplementary civil rights bilL He read
for two hours, and closed with on appeal for
this as an amendment to the general amnesty
bill, so that the rebels might always remem
ber that amnesty came to them coupled with
justice to the colored race.
Frelinghuysen followed. He criticised the
phraseology of Sumner's amendment, and
proposed certain verbal changes, which Sum
ner said he would consider and accept If
possible. Frelinghuysen then addressed the
Senate on the merits of the amnesty bill, ex
pressing some doubts of its wisdom, and
S ~it it important that the exceptions con
in the bill as it came from the House
should be retained. He would give his vote in
favor of amnesty in some degree, because of
the opinion expressed by representatives of
the people and by the President, in whom he
had confidence. ' In this connection he eulo
gized the President's wisdom and fidelity,
patriotism and integrity.
Wilson gave notice that he would move to
amend Hoar's labor bill, so as to have five
commissioners instead of three, to serve two
years instead of one, and be paid $4.000 a
year instead of $5,000.
Carpenter gave notice that on Thursday he
would call up his resolution condemning the
civil service reform and would address the
Senate upon it. Adjourned.
HOUSE—A large number of petitions were
referred, and a number of pension bills
passed. The bill fixing the date of pensions
at the time of the discharge or death of a
soldier, and extending the time for applica
tion to July 1, 1874, was passed. One of the
bills passed and to which there was consider
able opposition, established the principle of
granting a pension to the widow of a soldier
after she had contracted a second marriage
and entered a second widowhood. The vote
on the passage of the bill was 108 to 85.
Garfield reported the legislative, executive
and judiciary appropriation bill. The appro
priation is about $17,000,000. The bill was
made the special order for Tuesday next
Snapp offered a resolution, that a commis
sion of seven inen had addressed a document
called a report to the President, recommend
i rules for the examination, of ap
ing a set q1
plicants for office, declaring it inexpedient
that such recommendatiohs be adopted and
the House or the
Committee of the
do not meet the approval of 1
people. Referred to the Cc
Maynard reported a bill permitting machin
ery to be imported free of duty by persons
' * * """ ' date '
employed in the manufacture of pli
in the United States. Passed.
The House went into Committee of the
Whole on the State of the Union, Blair in the
Snapp made an address in support of the
view expressed in his resolution, denouncing
the proposed mode of reforming the civu
Poland made a personal explanation In con
nection with the resolution offered by him
some days ago for the establishment of a rule
that will refer to a committee all resolutions
calling on departments for information, and
which proposition had been attributed, in an
article in the Washington Patriot, to a design
to shield the Postmaster General and the Post
Office Department from an inquiry into mail
contracts. He repudiated the insinuation,
and defended his proposition as eminently
Garfield took the same view, urging as a
reason for the rule, the enormous amount of
printing the present rule necessitated. He
enlarged at length on the cost of government
printing, saying that Congress was asked and
would have to appropriate more than $2,000,
000 to run the government printing house the
next fiscal year.
Eldridge and Randall opposed the rule as
one of the worst ever offered in the House,
declaring tho fact that Representatives could
with facility obtain from, officers of the gov
eminent. The answers to the interrogatories
was one of more importance than any other
to the civil service. ' , '
.. At t)>e conclusion of the debate the com
mittee rô?" and the House adjourned.
Washington, Jahuary 18.—SENATE—
Carpenter said he deeply regretted the recent
message of the Presidfent announcing that he
had adopted the rules recommended by tho
civil service commission. He knew, now
ever, that there had been a great deal of
clamor lately in support of this scheme wJ
had made it seem that the people
were in favor of it, and he supposed that the
President had yielded to this clamor upon the
principle stated in his inaugural address, "that
the best way to secure the repeal of an obnox
ious law was to execute it faithfully." Some
persons had expressed surprise at the Presi
ifs consenting to give'up the patronage
which his enemies said he was using for his
own advantage ; but the reason probably
that he knew he could afford to give his
enemies many advantages and yet defeat
them. Nevertheless, he thought the Prerf
dent had done wrong in yielding to the clamor*
of the hour. The sober second thought of
the people Was always right ; their sudden
w«MF mnnjo siguv. duvia ouuucu
impulses were often wrong, and ought to be
resisted by their public servants. As apart
of this reform scheme, the Senator from Mas
sachusetts (Sumner) had proposed a Constitu
tional amendment, rendering a President who
has served one term, Inelligible for re-election.
This would be treating President Grant more
severely than Jefferson Davis, because, al
though the latter is disqualified by the 14th
amendment, it is still within the power of
Con xresa to remove his disabilities, while
it Grant would have no means of re
alize a public officer, then the 8
tor from Massachusetts most certainly be
thoroughly demoralised by this time,
being a, man who sets principles above
personal considerations, Would, of cour.,,,
take his hat and leave the Senate forever im
mediately upon the adoption of his
ter, words are
a cunning catch
that whoever is not in favor of reform, must
be in favor of abuses. But a change is not
necessarily reform, and there iaa sure intu
ition which tells us that in a government of
Buch delicate structure as thlà of ours, it is
better to bear the ills we have than to ' fly to.
others that We know not of. Carpenter then
disc used at some length the distribution powers
between the legislative and executive depart
ments of the government, and came to the
conclusion that if the appointing power was
taken away from the President, as it would
be by this reform, his remaining powers
would be no greater than those of a constable
in Milwaukee. He declared that if the mea
sure had not been tacked to the appropriation
bill on the last night of the session it would
not have received twenty votes. He then hod
the regulations read, and proceeded to
criticise them In detail. He objected to any
discrimination in the application of rales be
tween officers of high or low degree. He
could not see why the Secretary of State
should not be examined as well as a janitor
of a United States building. He also pointed
out the conflict of some of the rales with
others, but these he said were minor defects
in the civil service reform system. The great
objection to it were, first, that It violated tiie
Constitution, by taking away from the Presi
dent the discretion vested in him to select his
appointees from the whole people, and lim
ited him to names of persons referred to him
by an examining board ; second, that it set
up for public servants a standard of educa
tion of schools to the exclusion from office of
all who have not enjoyed the benefits of a
liberal education, thus setting up an aristo
cratic governmental class composed of sons
of the rich. He contended that under these
rales the candidates presenting themselves for
examination after due public notice, would
always be adventurers, or, at best, men of no
rank or ability. _ Suppose^ a vacancy In the
Collectorship of New York, and an adver
tisement for candidates published by tiie ex
amining board, did anybody suppose that
such men as A. T. Stewart, orH.G. Steb
bins, or Geo. Opdyke, would present them
selves for examination, and if they should
wpqld they not probably be heatw tw candi
dates who had just left school? This may be
reform, said Carpenter, bat it will defeat any
political party that adopts It, for it wiU excite
political party that adopts It, for it will excite
the indignation and contempt and a division
of the people of this countiy. It may bere
r else its fnen '
srtainly is not
tes. J?e then
rt of the coi
form, or whatever else its friends may choose
to call it, but it certainly is not .Const
or a wise mode of. appointing public officers
of the United States, lie then proceeded to
criticise the report of the commission, and
said it was based upon the vicious, leading
idea of permanency of tenure for public ser
vants. This idea had been advocated at the
formation of the government by those who
favored a strong government, but it had
* was seen to be anti
Judges, and officers
army and navy the case was different,
and there was no parallel between them and
civil service officers. Another fallacious idea
underlying the report, was that party is the
bane of this government, and to labor for the
success of party ought to disqualify a man
for public office. In all free countries there
must be parties. The great Republican parfy
which has achieved such wonders in the last
ten years, found the public offices filled with
Its enemies when it came into power. Ac
cording to the civil service reform doctrine it
ought to have left those offices in the posses
sion of the old occupants. But if it had done
so, how different would have been the his
tory of those years. Carpenter read an ex
tract from the commission charging that
under the present system the appointing power
is often subjected to threats and the blandish
ments of personal solicitation, and said it was
abase and malignant libel on the leading
members of the Republican parfy in Con
gress. He had been tojd by,high .authority
that only two persons had demanded appoint
ments in terms that could hâve been insulting
r disrespectful. Thy were high In the legist
ative department of the government, and
hat having had that application refused.on
of unfitnfess bf the can
cases, and beim
they were now high champions
vice reform. Carpenter said there was a
special reason why the scheme ought not to
be adopted at this time. At the breaking oat
of the war patriotic fathers sent their sobs to
the army, while others less patriotic seat theirs
to school ; and now, if this system was adop
ted, the sons of the first class who were fict
remaining at sah'
eluded from public office, because th
not know oil about the fluctuations of
at bow near the moon pomes to the eortn, or
tiw names wf the four principal rivers that
flow into the Caspian sea. (Laughter.)
Trumbull replied to Carpenter's speech at
some length, defending the principles of the
proposed civil service reform and the report
of the commission, from which he read to
•how that one-foam of the entire revenue of
the Government was annually lost in collec
Sherman questioned the correctness of this
statement, asserting that the entire cost of
collection of the revenue is less than five per
cent. In reply to the remark of TrumbuU
in reference to the Custom House investiga
tion going on in New York, Sherman
ced that he 1
' in New York.
with hl| argument,
contre verting'COrpenter's views a* to the ex
tent and importance of the President's pow
ert. Under the Constitution, |tw true, he
said, that the appointing power belonged to
the Executive, and the great evil was that
member* of the legislative deportment of the
the Government had assumed to dictate the
appointment!, and th
relations of the applicants
of civil Ber
ing for their country while the others were
' oof or college would ha ex
nounced <
.he hoped soon to report a btil to
»such abuses
the great aim of the «flail
- ttg - fotfore to the Exeçu
instend of taking it aWa^TranbuU^ti
the report wM endorsed by the President,
Tn AAn aLwIam ft* *ni*U*«
In conchnloh,fo speaking of the usé of&
ernraent patronage for party purpose«, he
said: Now, I am free to
said : Now. I am free to flay, and will say
it here and elsewhere, If the Republican party
has not virtue enough to sustain itself with
out using the patronage of the Government,
it deserve« to go down. No parfy ought to
be sustained that can't be sustained by the
unbiased votes of the people, and uninflu
enced by parfy patronage.
Sherman followed with a I
. few remarks, in
the course of which he said, he believed 'the
em have been j
evils of the present system J
exaggerated, but he believed that t________
result from a discussion of the question, and
he had made up his mind to give it a fair
Morton did not propore to discuss the ques
tion, but said that so tar as he was concerned
what the President proposes shall have a fair
trial. He also denied the truth of the asser
tion that the cost of collecting tiie revenue
was one-fourth of the whole amount, and
said it was less than five per cent
Edmunds announced that on Monday, he
would speak in reply to Carpenter.
Garfield was opposed to one of these Mils
which allowed a widow who has been draw
ings pension for lB^rears to receiro 14 yrera
back pension, on the principle of thé bill
passed yesterday making a pension com
mence from the death or discharge of the
soldier. He said that the bill although only ap
plying to pensioners of the late war, will
take $20,000,000 out of the treasury, and
commented upon the inattention of tiie House
to these pension bills. The bill passed by a
vote of 109 to 65.
The Post Office appropriation bill was re
ported and made the special order for next
eluding 1.
for Brazil,
The pens
480,000, and is mode the special ordre for
next Thursday:
A resolution was adopted that tiie Printing
Committee ascertain the amount of money
paid[to ten yean post to the flW«.
The report that Braxton wo* entitled to a
teat from Virginia was adopted. Adjourned,
ill M. d i Wtiflu*1 ttcruu
A wager is a fool's argument
A young man idle, a® old man needy.
^Make not vour soil too huge for your
Attempt not too hastily, bor pursue too
Be nke a spring lock, readier to shat than
to open. i, , n ,-w.
Adversity willingly undergone is the greats
est virtue, .... ,i, ,,
An honest employment is a most excellent
Apprehension of evil Is often worse than
the evil itself.
Contentment Is of so great value that it
can never be dearly purchased.
The rays of happiness, like those of light,
are colorless when unbroken.
Many a man's vices have at first been
nothing else than good qualities run wild.
Hope is like a bad clock, forever striking
the hour Of happiness, whether it has come
or not.
We hate some persons because we do not
know them, and we will not know them be
cause we hate them.
Profanity never did any man the least
good. No man is the richer, or happier, or
Wiser for it. It commends no one to society.
H is disgusting to the refined; abominable to
the good; insulting to those with whom We
associate; degrading to the mirtd« unprofit
able, needless, and Injurious jo society. ;
John J. Piatt, the poet, toubere
Librarian of th« United States
Housed Re
________ Chas. Lanman and Whwrèw
have both held the same positip*.

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