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TEE WEEKLY HEEALD.
R. E. FISK, - - - • Editor. THIB8BAY, JANUARY 25, 1872. MONTANA AND THE ST. LOUIS TRADE. The time approaches when numbers of the mercantile class of Helena, Bozeman, Vir ginia, Deèr Lodge, Missoula, and other towns of the Territory are preparing for their an nual business trips to the States. The trade prospects of Helena—the commercial me tropolis of Montana—and the towns and ■Camps outside, never promised better than for the present year. The extraordinary fall of snow in every portion of the Territory insures a mining season more prosperous than we have probably ever experienced be fore. The successful inauguration of smelt ing works by Mr. S. H. Bohm and his co laborers at Argenta and Helena, has given an impetus to a new and exceedingly profitable branch of mining, and put hundreds of hardy, experienced men at work opening and developing rich ledges of the dormant pre cious metal. The tide of immigration which will commence, witjti the opening of spring, to flow in upon us, as the result of the highly prospered condition of the Territory, seeking homes and investment of means in this grand country at the interior, toward which a con tinental line of railway is hastening to give us direct outlets east to the Atlantic and west to the Pacific, will surpass in magnitude tlio numbers added to our population during any one of the preceding years of our Territorial existence. In view of these, among other fact», it is safe for us to predict ah unusually favorable year for those of our people en gaged in mercantile pursuits ; and to such we wish at this tiiqe particularly ; tö speak, in connection with several of the great job bing merchants and manufacturers of St Louis, with whom this Territory has for oeme yean held close and very important commercial frelations. ,J £ fi I an article, yesterday, wo devoted con siderable space to a description of the mam moth dry goods establishment of J Dodd, Brown <fc Oo-r-a firm that has sold largely in their Use to Montana, and spoke of the house as we saw it in October last We have to day to refer to other houses equally impor tant in other channels of trade—aqy one of whiah will be familiarly recognized upon their simple mention. ;■ 1 ;>< In gv'owies, there Is probably 1 no house in St Iculs canying the stock or doing the business that E. Fenlon & Co. are. Their immense establishment is located at Nos. 518 <fc 515 North Second street, and its spa oious apartments comprise basement, ground entrance, and five upper doom With this hoese nse connected our former well known townsmen, Cb&s. H. Ingram and James Caldwell The enterprise, energy, and rare business qualifications of these young men have long been recognizee by the active mer cantile public of the Great West, and their talent and worth in the world of trade baye •found fitting Appreciation in the ranks of representative merchants in the country "be yond the Mississippi"—conspicuous among whom, in tiuiea past, as at present, stands the sterling, genial,.ubiquitous Gov. Kearney. To both Mr. Ingram and Mr. Caldwell we wore indebted, while .in St. «Louis, for num berless oowrteeies such as »hose gentlemen are in the habit of bestowing upon all Mon 1 anions visiting their city. These gentlemen stole away, for brief periods «from their con ßtariüy pressing business duties, and escorted us through their house ; gave us an insight as to the Immense amount of goods carried by the Ann, ami the enormous annual trade </t tiie house. We thanked them for their attentions, and .promised to "blow" on them the first good .opportunity that offered after becoming faitjy re-domiciled In our mountain sanctum. ■ a Of the soap, candles and lard oil men, we obtained introduction to the two great firms of &L Louis—Goodwin, P ehr A Co., and N; Schaeffer—the farmer firm located at No, 114 Pine'Street, and the latter at Nos. 325 «& 827 N. Second street. Both of these houses are widely awl favorably known throughout the West sad Northwest. Their goods are largely to demand to Montana, and their sev eral brands and qualities of soaps, candles and oil aie regularly quoted in the market reports of the Territory. We had the pleas ure of making the personal acquaintance of Mr. Behr, as also of Mr. Schaeffer and were Jdadlj received bjr both gentlemen. Their trade relations with the mountain country have existed for years, and are growing and ex panting continually. Both firms well deserve the generous patronage that Montana mer chants are discriminating enough to bestow upon them, and that patronage they are des tined to receive in still larger ratio as the years go by. The tobacco works of Leggatt, Hudson & Co. is another of the great " staple" manu facturing institutions that add to the promi nence of St. Louis as a western trade centre. Their brands of smoking and chewing tobac cos are known and adopted in oveiy town and mining camp in Montana, and are popu larized by their excellent qualities—no in ferior goods being put up by the firm for this country. Their trade with Helena and other towns in the Territory aggregates many thousands of dollars annually, and is con stantly growing in raagnitnde and importance. Hh* name I» Mre. Harvey Brown, of Mln D * * a < *> "d die English estate amounts to $125.000,600. in A REPRESENTATIVE WESTERN DRV GOODS HOUSE. The mercantile people of Montana have for several months past had their attention largely directed to one of the greatest dry goods houses in the United States through the pub lication of its advertisement in the columns of the Herald. It is unnecessary to say that we refer to the firm of Dodd, Brown & Co., of St. Louis. While paying a flying visit to the States, in October last, in quest of a new printing out fit fo take the place of that destroyed by fire, we returned to Montana by way of St. Louis, where we tarried over a couple of days During our stay there we visited a number of the leading mercantile houses vvith whom this Territory has for some years been doing a large trade. Prominent among these houses was that of Dodd, Brown «& Co., above referred to. This wealthy and enterprising firm had just then occupied their new palatial block on Fifth street—a full description of which would occupy several columns of our space. In speaking of the building, it is sufficient for us to say that the structure dis plays a high order of taste and architectural skill, and is the most convenient and elegantly appointed house of its kind in the West, hav ing, indeed, few equal to it, either in beauty or magnitude, in the great cities of the far East. I Of the five groat prince Dry Goods Estab lishments of the United States, whose busi ness is 'estimated in millions in place of thousands, that of Dodd, Brown «St Co., of St. Louis, is much the youngest, but has grown more rapidly than either of the others. They Inaugurated their Wholesale Dry Goods house near the close of the year I860, and within the short period of five years have been compelled to transfer their stock of goods to larger, houses two different times, to enable them to transact their immensely increasing business—and, to-day, the Whole sale Dry Goods house of Dodd, Brown & Co. occupies the relation to St. Louis, that A. T. Stewart, or H. B. Clafllin & Co., occupy to New York. Their business now extends throughout the length and breadth of the great Mississippi Valley, including New Mex ico, Colorado, Utah, and Montana, embracing an area of country much larger and wider, than pays tribute to either of the other great cities of the West. Dodd, Brown & Co. were the first to dem onstrate practically that merchandise could be imported direct to St. Louis at but little cost over that of New York, and that it could be sold at New York quotations, and upon as favorable and liberal terras. The far Western merchant has learned within the past few years that it is to his interest to make bis purchases at the nearest'market to his place of business, wlien he can do so upon as favorable teTms. The past three years have brought to St. Louis an immense, trade that formerly passed through, without stopping to examine goods and prices. The two great lines of railroads, now lending to the Missouri river and Western States and Territories, and two of the largest navigable rivers upon the globe, with two additional competing lines of road now under contract leading tp the same points, with the most flattering prospects of the early completion of the bridge, spanning the great Father of Walers, will give to St. Louis the advantage of low freights to the west, that cannot be secured to Chicago or Cincinnati; hence a large trade that formerly went to these points will ultimately seek a market in St. Louis. The rapid change being brought about in the grain and stock market, that formerly went to the cities above named is being transferred to St. Louis as fast as they supply the facili ties to receive it. The late census returns have demonstrated that in spite of the epithet "old fogy," that has been attributed to the busidess men of St. Loqis, she sold several millions of dollars more goods, since the close of the war, than either of her western rivals, and her population has increased in numbers, placing her the fourth city in size in onr countijr. RIOH ,T 8 . **' LITIGANTS—RELATING 'JO COUNTY WARRANTS. The following laws, enacted by the last Assembly, ore printed for the benefit of the public : AN ACT HELAflNa TO THE RIGHTS OP LITIGANTS. Sec. 1. That in all cases where any legal advertisement is required by law to be pub lished in any newspaper, the plaintiff in the action or proceeding, or his attorney of record, shall have the right to contract with the publisher for the price of such advertise ment, and to designate in what newspaper, m the proper county, the same shall be pub lished. Seo. 2. This act to take effect and be in force from and after its passage. AN ACT CONCERNING COUNTY WARRANTS. Section L No county warrants issued after the passage of this act shall bear inter est. Sec. 2. One-fourth of all taxes hereafter collected for county purposes may be paya ble in county warrants; provided no man shall pay more than one-fourth of county taxes in county warrants, whether drawn in his own name or not. Seo. 8. All county bonds hereafter issued in pursuance of law, shall bear interest at a rate not to exceed twelve per cent, per an num. Sec. 4. The county clerk of each county shall, in issuing warrants for any county in debtedness, issue to each creditor of said county the amount of his claim in one or more warrants as said 'creditor inuy elect ; provided, that no county warrant shall be is sued for a sum less thau one dollar, unless the whole amount of any individual claim hiav be less than that sum. Sec. 5. All acts and parts of acts in any wise conflicting with the provisions of this act, are hereby repealed. 8*c. 6. This act shall take affect and be in force from and after its passage. & in a is THE LECTURE ON SATURDAY EVE NING. The first of the course of lectures given by the Helena Library Association, was deliver ed by the Rev. William H. Stoy, Episcopal clergyman of Deer Lodge. Owing to the un fortunate evening selected for this lecture, the attendance was not as good as might have been expected. The lecture was a master piece of logic and composition, and was lis tened to throughout with never flagging in terest and attention. The lecturer commenced by saying that "The History of the world may justly be re garded as the introduction to the science of ethnology, that science which seeks to inves tigate the mental, physical differences of man kind, and the organic laws upon which they depend, and which seeks to deduce from these investigations principles for human guidance in all the important relations of social and national existence." He then proceeded to show, that in accordance with the wise de signs of the Great Ruler, the rise and fall of nations were made subservient to the progress and civilization of mankind. That while, in a single nation, civilization might decline, this retrogression itself aided in promoting the progress of civilization in the world. Thus, while individual nations rose and fell, civilization was always progressive. Further, that although races had died away, their death was not the result of an unchanging law, but was brought about by their own ac tions. The Rev. gentleman then considered the probable destiny of the Anglo-Saxon race, examined by the light of these laws. First, he showed how, in spite of all obstacles and opposition, this great English speaking peo ple had steadily advanced to its present mag nificent and universal glory. While the gloiy of the Greeks and Romans had faded away as a vision, the Anglo-Saxon race had erected massive and substantial civilization that would soon cover the whole earth. In Eng land, America, India and Australia, this Eng lish speaking people were the rulers, while from thaïe gïeat centers the influence of its Christian civilization was acting upon the entire universe. The civilizations of Greece and Rome, based as they were upon unstable foundations, could not stand, but yielded be fore that sublime power of equal rights and of human brotherhood, which at last found its embodiment and its strong defender in the Anglo-Saxon race. The apparent inequality of force» for the production of a given result; the seeming inudequency of the meant to the end, is a wonderful fact which cannot fail to strike every genuine enquirer with admiration. Who would have predicted when tlio British Isles were an obscure province of the Roman Empire, that herein would one day arise a race more imperial in extent than that of Rome ? But so it has been. Mr. Stoy then showed at considerable length the distinctive features of the Greek, Roman and Anglo-Sax on civilizations, and the causes which led to the supremacy of the latter. He says : " Let us inquire then, what is the nature of our Anglo Saxon civilization. What chiefly distinguish es it from the Latin civilization? and had the empire of the Anglo-Saxons any principle in it which which can render it final and per petual ? Is it, in short, to be superceded by any other great race or power in the earth ? Wö answer that it can never he superceded nor overthrown, and that it is intimately hound up and interwoven in the final consum mation of all things ; for these reasons : It is an empire which depends upon and requires no centralized political unity, and in this re spect it differs in toto coeto from the Latin idea. All the political dependencies of Eng land may become independent of her control; they may become each a separate nation just as these States of America have ; their forms of government may vary; the English mon archy itself may be swept away, and the polit ical theory of government in these States may change ; and yet the Anglo-Saxon Empire in the world will remain. The foundation upon which this Empire rests cannot be affected by the political divisions into which it is seper ated; nor yet by the political forms of gov ernment under which it subsists. The foun dations of this Empire are human liberty and human progress, secured through the intellec tual and moral development of the people, and the whole under the guidance and con trol of justice and truth." The lecture con cluded with the following: "The present Empire of the Anglo Saxons, as seen in Greift Britain, her vast dependen cies, and in this grand Republic of the United States, is indeed sufficiently i'lusnative of the glory of that Dominion, but wh. u the moral influence of our civilization, under the guid ance of England and America, shall restore Europe to liberty, peace and harmony ; and when the same influence shall bring the mil lions of India, China, and Africa to a Chris tian standard of civilization, then shall we comprehend, in its fullest realization, the glory and the splendor of the Empire of the Anglo Saxons." We feel that we have not been able to give even a faint idea of this lecture in so short a space, but we hope that all our fellow towns men will soon have a chance of hearing this gentlemen for themselves. If this is a fair sample of what we may expect from the Hel ena Library Lectures, the course will certainly be a credit to that worthy institution. TnE Apportionment Bill, passed by the last Legisture, provides for one additional member of the House from the fifth repre sentative district,(Missoula county,) and one additional member from the eighth repre sentative district, (Jefferson county.) The other districts of the Territory remain un changed. THE LOUISIANA LEGISLATIVE IM BROGLIO. A long telegram from Gov. Warmouth, dated New Orleans 21st, to Senator West, at Washington, gives the contents of posters and notices issued by G. 51 Carter, Speaker of the Louisiana House of Representetives, calling upon the colored people and citizens of New Orleana to rally to-day (Monday) for the purpose of placing said Speaker and members of said House in possession of the Legislative Hall in the shape that said body occupied it on the 4th of January. Carter's no tice, or proclamation, as published in the New Orleans papers of the 21st, reads, in part, as follows: "The question before our people is no longer the simple one of reform, but a graver issue is presented by the revolutionary acts of tlieGovcmor, and Gratis, whetherthey will qui etly permit him to subvert the State govern ment and destroy the independence of the legislative department thereof by the most violent and revolutionary acts. These pre. mises considered, we earnestly Invite the cit izens, irrespective of race or party, to organ ize and ann themselves as well as they may be able, and report in force in the neighbor hood of 207 Cabal street, where they will be provided with the necessary commissions, and sworn in by the assistant Sergeant-at Arms, and thus,with the law, he prepared to protect their rights. I want a force so po tent in numbers, and so representative of the community as will preclude bloodshed and insure abstinence on the part of the Execu tive from further interfering with the General Assembly. You are invited to meet at Ram part street, near the canal, at 10 o'clock on Monday morning, when the necessary orders will be given. Receiving our powers from the people, and desiring to exercise the same in their interests, we invoke their presence and support as the only protection to the State against the crimes and encroachments of a recreant and traitorous Executive. (Signed) G. M. CARTER, Speaker of the House of Representatives of the State of Louisiana." REPEALED. The odious license tax levied against the several telegraph offices in Montana—the ab rogation of which was so stoutly contended for by the Herald, followed by other news papers of the Territory—was repealed by the Legislature which recently terminated its ses sion at Virginia. Although we were politi cally at variance with the Assembly, it is due to that body to say, that it had the good sense to confess that the Herai.d's faculty of "put ting things" in a comprehensive way, and of moulding and directing public opinion touch ing various items of legislation important to the people, resulted largely in shaping the ac tion of our law makers on this among many other measures which came before them for consideration and disposal. LOUVES LETTER. U vather Items Slock 1.oases in MxmII nom fount v—W liolcMome Suggestion*— etc. Washington Bar, M. T., ) January 19th, 1872./ To the Editor of the Herald. The present state of the feather, as com pared with that of the Old Year, seems to be "Happy Days." And it is undoubtedly the wish of nearly all that they may "roll on ward, leading up the golden year." Stock had a heavy seige of it during the months of November and December last, and had the weather continued as severe through this month, over one-half of the stock in this section would have perished. As it is, I have not learned that any native stock have died, or any that have wintered here one winter and upwards—save, perchance, some old cow's, very young calves, or extremely thin work cattle. Î hear that Mr. Jeffries, on the Madison, has lost about three hundred head of Texan cattle—at least, he said he knew of 100 head that were dead, and that 200 head more were still not accounted for. He refuses to sell any that can "stand alone" for less than $15 per head, (yearlings past.) Mr. Jeffries had 1,500 head last fall, I am in formed. Mr. J. W. Hyde, of Sterling, started in last fall with 500 head of Texan cattle. Like Mr, Jeffries, he has lost heavily, al though, at present writing, the exact number is not known, it being variously estimated at from 100 to 250 head. But "By Ned" still keeps a stiff upper lip. He says "they were paid for, and he has money to buy more if they go up." Mr. H. refused $1,200 for 100 head soon after their arrival here last au tumn. The severe ordeal through which stock raisers have passed since bunch-grass was green last, will undoubtedly prompt them to put up more feed another season. The vast straw piles or stacks will not probably be allowed to go to waste as before. Straw is valuable, both for feed and manure. For the former purpose the straw in this country is nearly as good as the average quality of the hay that is fed; and if the straw' is sprinkled with brine of moderate strength, stock eat it heartily and thrive. For the purpose of ma nure many farmers turn up their noses, and scout the idea of manuring Montana soil. One thing is certain—every crop that is cut from the soil of Montana takes with it a cer tain proportion of minerel elements and com pounds that must be replaced by some means, or the soil will refuse, after a time, to bring forth abundant returns. What do the farm ers say? I suppose, Mr. F., you would have no objections it an agricultural column was added to your already useful paper? Enclosed find some of the "wherewith," from your prompt paying subscribers in this vicinity. LOUVE. OUR NEW YORKLETTER. The Holiday Seanon-PbilOKopblalnc-— A "Illirh Old Time'»—Man, a very ''Weak Sluter"—Shudow an 1 Sun shine. New Y'ork, January 2, 1872. To the Editor of tho Herald : The holidays are almost over, and for the first time in my life I scarcely know whether I am glad or sorry. During childhood the sensation was always one of regret. Thanks giving, Christmas, and New Years, were crammed so full of sweetness and jollity, so full of charity, friendship and friendly greet ings, that the anticipation of the finale was almost as distressing as the thoughtsjof losing a dear friend. By what means I grew into an entirely different state of feeling, might perhaps afford a very interesting chapter for a few earnest thinkers of my own sex, and would, I have no doubt, be of service in lo cating the most common and dangerous of the shoals and quicksands wrecking the lives of so many enthusiastic and well-intentioned women. But, my friend, the editor would, in all probability,consider himself constrained to say to your correspondent: "Madame, please to remember in future that we bar gained for news—not intellectual philosophy, or personal experience." But this much I must say—whatever the consequences—that I am not sufficiently egotistical to believe that dottlngs from my life-book would be of as much, or perhaps of equal, service with those of many others of my sisters; but the more experience I have, the more impressed I am with the feeling that women, by keeping si lent in regard to their own mistakes, urc not only possessed with the meanest of false pride, but are really guilty of the shipwreck of their sisters. Do not understand by this that I would counsel the blazoning forth of secrets calcu lated to damage or create false impressions. By no means. There are things which should never be told—never hinted at, even—unhap py episodes in the lives of hosts of women, too wretched for any abiding place save in the very heart of our Saviour. As I glance over the above I find that it re quires to be interpreted. I shouldn't know myself what it meant, were it not that my heart is so full of it. The philosophy will be apparent, if you stop to consider a mo ment: Childhood saay me joyous—ready to serve and be served—and consequently everything calculated to promote joy was enthusiastically welcomed. A little further on, there is no rest for the spirit, save by constant, unremit ting employment; work, which shall keep the brain and hands so busy that thought of self is utmost out of the question; and now comes a state when I can hardly tell whether these days of fun and visiting are welcome or not. Certainly something must have pro duced theie changes of feeling; and what that underground apparently intangible something is, would, I persist in saying, if analyzed and properly described, be of service to other women, wading through the same deep waters. To pursue the subject for a moment, and to ease my conclence, please let me say, that according to my own little experience, 1 find the truth is held in a nut shell. Women do really suffer during the disciplinaiy process of growth, much more than there is any need of. A tree is shaken by the stern north wind, but after a little the loving south breeze whispers gently and tenderly through its branches, and the result is instant recupera tion, an immediate lifting of the leaves to the sunshine. Not so with woman. The storm drenches, but the sunlight fails to restore. Very few women ever look outside of them selves for examples. They are miserable; they yield wholly to the storm, and when for the sake of a true and healthy growth, condi tions are changed by those having this devel opment in charge ; then the nerves from un necessary raspings are no longer able to re spond naturally. There ! This all came from a comparison of states. Please congratulate me, because there certainly must be an improvement when a woman who has almost despised holidays comes to say she is not sure but she had a very good time. Sick headache is an indispensiblc adjunct of the day after New Year's, and from all I can observe, to-day is no exception to the rule. After five O'clock yesterday afternoon, the majority of the calling community were in an unmistakable condition of exhileration. Men walked the streets buoyantly ; tlieir hats were tipped back with a certain degree of jauntiness, common to the first stages of in toxication. They were, as I was confiden tially informed by one of 'em, "high." Gradually thev descended from this happy condition ; little by little they entered into a description of sidewalk curves and diagonals ; hats loomed backwards from their possessors' heads in a desperate can't-help-it sort of man ner, very suggestive of a sudden downfall. By eleven o,clock p. m., drunkenness of the most emphatic kind reigned paramount. Now all this was very sad. I must confess to a good share of disgust and indignation as couple after couple, and crowd atter crowd of noisy revelers passed by the door. I was not so very angry with them, either. Long years ago I made the discovery that man is not the moral and mental Hercules he is re presented ; that in reality he is one of the weakest products of creation; and ever since, when I see a staggering masculine, I look past him as only an instrument to the cause farce, which directed his descent. Yesterday my anger was almost entirely bestowed upon the stupid, senseless women who offered the liquor whose pernicious effect was so revolting. How any mother, sister, wife or sweetheart can offer wine to any son, brother, husband or lover is a story which passeth my comprehension. Now, hoping that 1872 may bring to you a great deal of sunshine and very little shadow, believe me your friend ELEANOR KIRK.