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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, January 25, 1872, Image 2

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R. E. FISK, - - - • Editor.
The time approaches when numbers of the
mercantile class of Helena, Bozeman, Vir
ginia, Deèr Lodge, Missoula, and other towns
of the Territory are preparing for their an
nual business trips to the States. The trade
prospects of Helena—the commercial me
tropolis of Montana—and the towns and
■Camps outside, never promised better than
for the present year. The extraordinary fall
of snow in every portion of the Territory
insures a mining season more prosperous
than we have probably ever experienced be
fore. The successful inauguration of smelt
ing works by Mr. S. H. Bohm and his co
laborers at Argenta and Helena, has given an
impetus to a new and exceedingly profitable
branch of mining, and put hundreds of
hardy, experienced men at work opening and
developing rich ledges of the dormant pre
cious metal. The tide of immigration which
will commence, witjti the opening of spring,
to flow in upon us, as the result of the highly
prospered condition of the Territory, seeking
homes and investment of means in this grand
country at the interior, toward which a con
tinental line of railway is hastening to give
us direct outlets east to the Atlantic and west
to the Pacific, will surpass in magnitude tlio
numbers added to our population during any
one of the preceding years of our Territorial
existence. In view of these, among other
fact», it is safe for us to predict ah unusually
favorable year for those of our people en
gaged in mercantile pursuits ; and to such
we wish at this tiiqe particularly ; tö speak,
in connection with several of the great job
bing merchants and manufacturers of St
Louis, with whom this Territory has for
oeme yean held close and very important
commercial frelations. ,J £
fi I an article, yesterday, wo devoted con
siderable space to a description of the mam
moth dry goods establishment of J Dodd,
Brown <fc Oo-r-a firm that has sold largely in
their Use to Montana, and spoke of the house
as we saw it in October last We have to
day to refer to other houses equally impor
tant in other channels of trade—aqy one of
whiah will be familiarly recognized upon
their simple mention. ;■ 1 ;><
In gv'owies, there Is probably 1 no house in
St Iculs canying the stock or doing the
business that E. Fenlon & Co. are. Their
immense establishment is located at Nos.
518 <fc 515 North Second street, and its spa
oious apartments comprise basement, ground
entrance, and five upper doom With this
hoese nse connected our former well known
townsmen, Cb&s. H. Ingram and James
Caldwell The enterprise, energy, and rare
business qualifications of these young men
have long been recognizee by the active mer
cantile public of the Great West, and their
talent and worth in the world of trade baye
•found fitting Appreciation in the ranks of
representative merchants in the country "be
yond the Mississippi"—conspicuous among
whom, in tiuiea past, as at present, stands
the sterling, genial,.ubiquitous Gov. Kearney.
To both Mr. Ingram and Mr. Caldwell we
wore indebted, while .in St. «Louis, for num
berless oowrteeies such as »hose gentlemen
are in the habit of bestowing upon all Mon
1 anions visiting their city. These gentlemen
stole away, for brief periods «from their con
ßtariüy pressing business duties, and escorted
us through their house ; gave us an insight
as to the Immense amount of goods carried
by the Ann, ami the enormous annual trade
</t tiie house. We thanked them for their
attentions, and .promised to "blow" on them
the first good .opportunity that offered after
becoming faitjy re-domiciled In our mountain
sanctum. ■ a
Of the soap, candles and lard oil men, we
obtained introduction to the two great firms
of &L Louis—Goodwin, P ehr A Co., and N;
Schaeffer—the farmer firm located at No, 114
Pine'Street, and the latter at Nos. 325 «& 827
N. Second street. Both of these houses are
widely awl favorably known throughout the
West sad Northwest. Their goods are
largely to demand to Montana, and their sev
eral brands and qualities of soaps, candles
and oil aie regularly quoted in the market
reports of the Territory. We had the pleas
ure of making the personal acquaintance of
Mr. Behr, as also of Mr. Schaeffer and were
Jdadlj received bjr both gentlemen. Their
trade relations with the mountain country have
existed for years, and are growing and ex
panting continually. Both firms well deserve
the generous patronage that Montana mer
chants are discriminating enough to bestow
upon them, and that patronage they are des
tined to receive in still larger ratio as the
years go by.
The tobacco works of Leggatt, Hudson &
Co. is another of the great " staple" manu
facturing institutions that add to the promi
nence of St. Louis as a western trade centre.
Their brands of smoking and chewing tobac
cos are known and adopted in oveiy town
and mining camp in Montana, and are popu
larized by their excellent qualities—no in
ferior goods being put up by the firm for this
country. Their trade with Helena and other
towns in the Territory aggregates many
thousands of dollars annually, and is con
stantly growing in raagnitnde and importance.
Hh* name I» Mre. Harvey Brown, of Mln
D * * a < *> "d die English estate amounts to
The mercantile people of Montana have for
several months past had their attention largely
directed to one of the greatest dry goods
houses in the United States through the pub
lication of its advertisement in the columns
of the Herald. It is unnecessary to say
that we refer to the firm of Dodd, Brown &
Co., of St. Louis.
While paying a flying visit to the States, in
October last, in quest of a new printing out
fit fo take the place of that destroyed by fire,
we returned to Montana by way of St. Louis,
where we tarried over a couple of days
During our stay there we visited a number of
the leading mercantile houses vvith whom this
Territory has for some years been doing a
large trade. Prominent among these houses
was that of Dodd, Brown «& Co., above
referred to. This wealthy and enterprising
firm had just then occupied their new palatial
block on Fifth street—a full description of
which would occupy several columns of our
space. In speaking of the building, it is
sufficient for us to say that the structure dis
plays a high order of taste and architectural
skill, and is the most convenient and elegantly
appointed house of its kind in the West, hav
ing, indeed, few equal to it, either in beauty
or magnitude, in the great cities of the far
I Of the five groat prince Dry Goods Estab
lishments of the United States, whose busi
ness is 'estimated in millions in place of
thousands, that of Dodd, Brown «St Co., of
St. Louis, is much the youngest, but has
grown more rapidly than either of the others.
They Inaugurated their Wholesale Dry Goods
house near the close of the year I860, and
within the short period of five years have
been compelled to transfer their stock of
goods to larger, houses two different times,
to enable them to transact their immensely
increasing business—and, to-day, the Whole
sale Dry Goods house of Dodd, Brown &
Co. occupies the relation to St. Louis, that
A. T. Stewart, or H. B. Clafllin & Co., occupy
to New York. Their business now extends
throughout the length and breadth of the
great Mississippi Valley, including New Mex
ico, Colorado, Utah, and Montana, embracing
an area of country much larger and wider,
than pays tribute to either of the other great
cities of the West.
Dodd, Brown & Co. were the first to dem
onstrate practically that merchandise could
be imported direct to St. Louis at but little
cost over that of New York, and that it
could be sold at New York quotations, and
upon as favorable and liberal terras. The
far Western merchant has learned within the
past few years that it is to his interest to
make bis purchases at the nearest'market to
his place of business, wlien he can do so
upon as favorable teTms. The past three
years have brought to St. Louis an immense,
trade that formerly passed through, without
stopping to examine goods and prices. The
two great lines of railroads, now lending to
the Missouri river and Western States and
Territories, and two of the largest navigable
rivers upon the globe, with two additional
competing lines of road now under contract
leading tp the same points, with the most
flattering prospects of the early completion
of the bridge, spanning the great Father of
Walers, will give to St. Louis the advantage
of low freights to the west, that cannot be
secured to Chicago or Cincinnati; hence a
large trade that formerly went to these points
will ultimately seek a market in St. Louis.
The rapid change being brought about in the
grain and stock market, that formerly went
to the cities above named is being transferred
to St. Louis as fast as they supply the facili
ties to receive it. The late census returns
have demonstrated that in spite of the epithet
"old fogy," that has been attributed to the
busidess men of St. Loqis, she sold several
millions of dollars more goods, since the
close of the war, than either of her western
rivals, and her population has increased in
numbers, placing her the fourth city in size
in onr countijr.
The following laws, enacted by the last
Assembly, ore printed for the benefit of the
public :
Sec. 1. That in all cases where any legal
advertisement is required by law to be pub
lished in any newspaper, the plaintiff in the
action or proceeding, or his attorney of
record, shall have the right to contract with
the publisher for the price of such advertise
ment, and to designate in what newspaper,
m the proper county, the same shall be pub
Seo. 2. This act to take effect and be in
force from and after its passage.
Section L No county warrants issued
after the passage of this act shall bear inter
Sec. 2. One-fourth of all taxes hereafter
collected for county purposes may be paya
ble in county warrants; provided no man
shall pay more than one-fourth of county
taxes in county warrants, whether drawn in
his own name or not.
Seo. 8. All county bonds hereafter issued
in pursuance of law, shall bear interest at a
rate not to exceed twelve per cent, per an
Sec. 4. The county clerk of each county
shall, in issuing warrants for any county in
debtedness, issue to each creditor of said
county the amount of his claim in one or
more warrants as said 'creditor inuy elect ;
provided, that no county warrant shall be is
sued for a sum less thau one dollar, unless
the whole amount of any individual claim
hiav be less than that sum.
Sec. 5. All acts and parts of acts in any
wise conflicting with the provisions of this
act, are hereby repealed.
8*c. 6. This act shall take affect and be
in force from and after its passage.
The first of the course of lectures given by
the Helena Library Association, was deliver
ed by the Rev. William H. Stoy, Episcopal
clergyman of Deer Lodge. Owing to the un
fortunate evening selected for this lecture,
the attendance was not as good as might have
been expected. The lecture was a master
piece of logic and composition, and was lis
tened to throughout with never flagging in
terest and attention.
The lecturer commenced by saying that
"The History of the world may justly be re
garded as the introduction to the science of
ethnology, that science which seeks to inves
tigate the mental, physical differences of man
kind, and the organic laws upon which they
depend, and which seeks to deduce from these
investigations principles for human guidance
in all the important relations of social and
national existence." He then proceeded to
show, that in accordance with the wise de
signs of the Great Ruler, the rise and fall of
nations were made subservient to the progress
and civilization of mankind. That while, in
a single nation, civilization might decline,
this retrogression itself aided in promoting
the progress of civilization in the world.
Thus, while individual nations rose and fell,
civilization was always progressive. Further,
that although races had died away, their
death was not the result of an unchanging
law, but was brought about by their own ac
The Rev. gentleman then considered the
probable destiny of the Anglo-Saxon race,
examined by the light of these laws. First,
he showed how, in spite of all obstacles and
opposition, this great English speaking peo
ple had steadily advanced to its present mag
nificent and universal glory. While the gloiy
of the Greeks and Romans had faded away
as a vision, the Anglo-Saxon race had erected
massive and substantial civilization that
would soon cover the whole earth. In Eng
land, America, India and Australia, this Eng
lish speaking people were the rulers, while
from thaïe gïeat centers the influence of its
Christian civilization was acting upon the
entire universe. The civilizations of Greece
and Rome, based as they were upon unstable
foundations, could not stand, but yielded be
fore that sublime power of equal rights and
of human brotherhood, which at last found
its embodiment and its strong defender in the
Anglo-Saxon race. The apparent inequality
of force» for the production of a given result;
the seeming inudequency of the meant to the
end, is a wonderful fact which cannot fail to
strike every genuine enquirer with admiration.
Who would have predicted when tlio British
Isles were an obscure province of the Roman
Empire, that herein would one day arise a
race more imperial in extent than that of
Rome ? But so it has been. Mr. Stoy then
showed at considerable length the distinctive
features of the Greek, Roman and Anglo-Sax
on civilizations, and the causes which led to
the supremacy of the latter. He says : " Let us
inquire then, what is the nature of our Anglo
Saxon civilization. What chiefly distinguish
es it from the Latin civilization? and had the
empire of the Anglo-Saxons any principle in
it which which can render it final and per
petual ? Is it, in short, to be superceded by
any other great race or power in the earth ?
Wö answer that it can never he superceded
nor overthrown, and that it is intimately
hound up and interwoven in the final consum
mation of all things ; for these reasons : It is
an empire which depends upon and requires
no centralized political unity, and in this re
spect it differs in toto coeto from the Latin
idea. All the political dependencies of Eng
land may become independent of her control;
they may become each a separate nation just
as these States of America have ; their forms
of government may vary; the English mon
archy itself may be swept away, and the polit
ical theory of government in these States may
change ; and yet the Anglo-Saxon Empire in
the world will remain. The foundation upon
which this Empire rests cannot be affected by
the political divisions into which it is seper
ated; nor yet by the political forms of gov
ernment under which it subsists. The foun
dations of this Empire are human liberty and
human progress, secured through the intellec
tual and moral development of the people,
and the whole under the guidance and con
trol of justice and truth." The lecture con
cluded with the following:
"The present Empire of the Anglo Saxons,
as seen in Greift Britain, her vast dependen
cies, and in this grand Republic of the United
States, is indeed sufficiently i'lusnative of the
glory of that Dominion, but wh. u the moral
influence of our civilization, under the guid
ance of England and America, shall restore
Europe to liberty, peace and harmony ; and
when the same influence shall bring the mil
lions of India, China, and Africa to a Chris
tian standard of civilization, then shall we
comprehend, in its fullest realization, the
glory and the splendor of the Empire of the
Anglo Saxons."
We feel that we have not been able to give
even a faint idea of this lecture in so short a
space, but we hope that all our fellow towns
men will soon have a chance of hearing this
gentlemen for themselves. If this is a fair
sample of what we may expect from the Hel
ena Library Lectures, the course will certainly
be a credit to that worthy institution.
TnE Apportionment Bill, passed by the
last Legisture, provides for one additional
member of the House from the fifth repre
sentative district,(Missoula county,) and one
additional member from the eighth repre
sentative district, (Jefferson county.) The
other districts of the Territory remain un
A long telegram from Gov. Warmouth,
dated New Orleans 21st, to Senator West, at
Washington, gives the contents of posters
and notices issued by G. 51 Carter, Speaker
of the Louisiana House of Representetives,
calling upon the colored people and citizens
of New Orleana to rally to-day (Monday) for
the purpose of placing said Speaker and
members of said House in possession of the
Legislative Hall in the shape that said body
occupied it on the 4th of January. Carter's no
tice, or proclamation, as published in the
New Orleans papers of the 21st, reads, in
part, as follows:
"The question before our people is no
longer the simple one of reform, but a graver
issue is presented by the revolutionary acts of
tlieGovcmor, and Gratis, whetherthey will qui
etly permit him to subvert the State govern
ment and destroy the independence of the
legislative department thereof by the most
violent and revolutionary acts. These pre.
mises considered, we earnestly Invite the cit
izens, irrespective of race or party, to organ
ize and ann themselves as well as they may
be able, and report in force in the neighbor
hood of 207 Cabal street, where they will be
provided with the necessary commissions,
and sworn in by the assistant Sergeant-at
Arms, and thus,with the law, he prepared to
protect their rights. I want a force so po
tent in numbers, and so representative of the
community as will preclude bloodshed and
insure abstinence on the part of the Execu
tive from further interfering with the General
Assembly. You are invited to meet at Ram
part street, near the canal, at 10 o'clock on
Monday morning, when the necessary orders
will be given. Receiving our powers from
the people, and desiring to exercise the same
in their interests, we invoke their presence
and support as the only protection to the State
against the crimes and encroachments of a
recreant and traitorous Executive.
(Signed) G. M. CARTER,
Speaker of the House of Representatives of
the State of Louisiana."
The odious license tax levied against the
several telegraph offices in Montana—the ab
rogation of which was so stoutly contended
for by the Herald, followed by other news
papers of the Territory—was repealed by the
Legislature which recently terminated its ses
sion at Virginia. Although we were politi
cally at variance with the Assembly, it is due
to that body to say, that it had the good sense
to confess that the Herai.d's faculty of "put
ting things" in a comprehensive way, and of
moulding and directing public opinion touch
ing various items of legislation important to
the people, resulted largely in shaping the ac
tion of our law makers on this among many
other measures which came before them for
consideration and disposal.
U vather Items Slock 1.oases in MxmII
nom fount v—W liolcMome Suggestion*—
Washington Bar, M. T., )
January 19th, 1872./
To the Editor of the Herald.
The present state of the feather, as com
pared with that of the Old Year, seems to be
"Happy Days." And it is undoubtedly the
wish of nearly all that they may "roll on
ward, leading up the golden year."
Stock had a heavy seige of it during the
months of November and December last, and
had the weather continued as severe through
this month, over one-half of the stock in this
section would have perished. As it is, I have
not learned that any native stock have died,
or any that have wintered here one winter
and upwards—save, perchance, some old
cow's, very young calves, or extremely thin
work cattle. Î hear that Mr. Jeffries, on the
Madison, has lost about three hundred head
of Texan cattle—at least, he said he knew
of 100 head that were dead, and that 200
head more were still not accounted for. He
refuses to sell any that can "stand alone" for
less than $15 per head, (yearlings past.) Mr.
Jeffries had 1,500 head last fall, I am in
formed. Mr. J. W. Hyde, of Sterling, started
in last fall with 500 head of Texan cattle.
Like Mr, Jeffries, he has lost heavily, al
though, at present writing, the exact number
is not known, it being variously estimated at
from 100 to 250 head. But "By Ned" still
keeps a stiff upper lip. He says "they were
paid for, and he has money to buy more if
they go up." Mr. H. refused $1,200 for 100
head soon after their arrival here last au
The severe ordeal through which stock
raisers have passed since bunch-grass was
green last, will undoubtedly prompt them to
put up more feed another season. The vast
straw piles or stacks will not probably be
allowed to go to waste as before. Straw is
valuable, both for feed and manure. For the
former purpose the straw in this country is
nearly as good as the average quality of the
hay that is fed; and if the straw' is sprinkled
with brine of moderate strength, stock eat it
heartily and thrive. For the purpose of ma
nure many farmers turn up their noses, and
scout the idea of manuring Montana soil.
One thing is certain—every crop that is cut
from the soil of Montana takes with it a cer
tain proportion of minerel elements and com
pounds that must be replaced by some means,
or the soil will refuse, after a time, to bring
forth abundant returns. What do the farm
ers say? I suppose, Mr. F., you would have
no objections it an agricultural column was
added to your already useful paper?
Enclosed find some of the "wherewith,"
from your prompt paying subscribers in this
vicinity. LOUVE.
The Holiday Seanon-PbilOKopblalnc-—
A "Illirh Old Time'»—Man, a very
''Weak Sluter"—Shudow an 1 Sun
New Y'ork, January 2, 1872.
To the Editor of tho Herald :
The holidays are almost over, and for the
first time in my life I scarcely know whether
I am glad or sorry. During childhood the
sensation was always one of regret. Thanks
giving, Christmas, and New Years, were
crammed so full of sweetness and jollity, so
full of charity, friendship and friendly greet
ings, that the anticipation of the finale was
almost as distressing as the thoughtsjof losing
a dear friend. By what means I grew into
an entirely different state of feeling, might
perhaps afford a very interesting chapter for
a few earnest thinkers of my own sex, and
would, I have no doubt, be of service in lo
cating the most common and dangerous of
the shoals and quicksands wrecking the lives
of so many enthusiastic and well-intentioned
women. But, my friend, the editor would,
in all probability,consider himself constrained
to say to your correspondent: "Madame,
please to remember in future that we bar
gained for news—not intellectual philosophy,
or personal experience." But this much I
must say—whatever the consequences—that
I am not sufficiently egotistical to believe that
dottlngs from my life-book would be of as
much, or perhaps of equal, service with those
of many others of my sisters; but the more
experience I have, the more impressed I am
with the feeling that women, by keeping si
lent in regard to their own mistakes, urc not
only possessed with the meanest of false
pride, but are really guilty of the shipwreck
of their sisters.
Do not understand by this that I would
counsel the blazoning forth of secrets calcu
lated to damage or create false impressions.
By no means. There are things which should
never be told—never hinted at, even—unhap
py episodes in the lives of hosts of women,
too wretched for any abiding place save in
the very heart of our Saviour.
As I glance over the above I find that it re
quires to be interpreted. I shouldn't know
myself what it meant, were it not that my
heart is so full of it. The philosophy will
be apparent, if you stop to consider a mo
Childhood saay me joyous—ready to serve
and be served—and consequently everything
calculated to promote joy was enthusiastically
welcomed. A little further on, there is no
rest for the spirit, save by constant, unremit
ting employment; work, which shall keep
the brain and hands so busy that thought of
self is utmost out of the question; and now
comes a state when I can hardly tell whether
these days of fun and visiting are welcome
or not. Certainly something must have pro
duced theie changes of feeling; and what that
underground apparently intangible something
is, would, I persist in saying, if analyzed and
properly described, be of service to other
women, wading through the same deep waters.
To pursue the subject for a moment, and
to ease my conclence, please let me say, that
according to my own little experience, 1 find
the truth is held in a nut shell. Women do
really suffer during the disciplinaiy process
of growth, much more than there is any need
of. A tree is shaken by the stern north wind,
but after a little the loving south breeze
whispers gently and tenderly through its
branches, and the result is instant recupera
tion, an immediate lifting of the leaves to the
sunshine. Not so with woman. The storm
drenches, but the sunlight fails to restore.
Very few women ever look outside of them
selves for examples. They are miserable;
they yield wholly to the storm, and when for
the sake of a true and healthy growth, condi
tions are changed by those having this devel
opment in charge ; then the nerves from un
necessary raspings are no longer able to re
spond naturally.
There ! This all came from a comparison
of states. Please congratulate me, because
there certainly must be an improvement when
a woman who has almost despised holidays
comes to say she is not sure but she had a
very good time.
Sick headache is an indispensiblc adjunct
of the day after New Year's, and from all I
can observe, to-day is no exception to the
rule. After five O'clock yesterday afternoon,
the majority of the calling community were
in an unmistakable condition of exhileration.
Men walked the streets buoyantly ; tlieir hats
were tipped back with a certain degree of
jauntiness, common to the first stages of in
toxication. They were, as I was confiden
tially informed by one of 'em, "high."
Gradually thev descended from this happy
condition ; little by little they entered into a
description of sidewalk curves and diagonals ;
hats loomed backwards from their possessors'
heads in a desperate can't-help-it sort of man
ner, very suggestive of a sudden downfall.
By eleven o,clock p. m., drunkenness of the
most emphatic kind reigned paramount.
Now all this was very sad. I must confess
to a good share of disgust and indignation as
couple after couple, and crowd atter crowd
of noisy revelers passed by the door. I was
not so very angry with them, either. Long
years ago I made the discovery that man is
not the moral and mental Hercules he is re
presented ; that in reality he is one of the
weakest products of creation; and ever
since, when I see a staggering masculine, I
look past him as only an instrument to the
cause farce, which directed his descent.
Yesterday my anger was almost entirely
bestowed upon the stupid, senseless women
who offered the liquor whose pernicious
effect was so revolting. How any mother,
sister, wife or sweetheart can offer wine to
any son, brother, husband or lover is a story
which passeth my comprehension.
Now, hoping that 1872 may bring to you
a great deal of sunshine and very little
shadow, believe me your friend

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