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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
R. I. FI8K, Editor. THIBUAT, FESBIIAST t, 1878* THE ALLENTOWN EINE. For the put two years and more the Allen* town Railroad Line, (the New York branch of the Pennsylvania Central R. R., and its western connections,) has found representa tion in Montana, by advertisement published in the Daily Herald without intermission during that time. The amount of goods an nually purchased by the merchants of this Territory, aggregates thousands of tons, and every year adds materially to the weight and bulk of freights transported from that great metropolis, destined to this far western, rap idly developing country of the mountains. In this connection, it affords us no small satis faction, to refer to the favorite route which, by common consent, seems to be adopted by our mercantile classes for the movement of their cargoes west to their destination. No firm in Montana that has been for any time in business, and at all identified in mercantile pursuits, but is familiar with the advantages for speedy, safe, and cheap transportation of fered by the Allentown Line. The Hbrald has patronized this route to a very considera ble extent for the past four years, and we are thus enabled to speak of its admirable man agement and the superior facilities which it affords to shippers from New York, from personal knowledge. In October last, following close upon the destruction of the Herald office by fire, and before the embers of the burned' establish ment had ceased to smoke, we were hastening on our journey to New York fora new print ing outfit We passed through Chicago, which had been destroyed by the great fire one week later than that which visited Helena, and found-ourself in Gotham in rear of all the burned-out publishers of the Garden City, who were beseiging the type foundries and press manufacturers of New York with their orders. Nothing discouraged, we pushed our way into the midst of the unfortunate but enterprising newspaper men crowding upon Farmer, Little & Co., and Gordon, and Hoe A Co., and stuck by the type and press men so closely that the entire new equipment for the Herald was put up and ready for ship ment several days in advance of the first of the publishing outfits hurriedly preparing for Chicago. Hastening, then, to the office of the AllentownLine, at 371 Broadway, we laid ouf case before Col A. T. Wilds, and told him what we expected of him in the way of fast freight for our cargo. Col. Wilds and the Contracting Agent, Mr. W. H. Hoyt, com prehended the situation at once, and without an hour's delay had their men at work load ing presses, type, and stock, and before fairly aware that they had moved in the matter, notice was left at our hotel that the car con taining the Herald material was speeding westward. The day after we started on our return home, and found upon our arrival, the following letter from Mr. Wilds : Office Allentown Railroad Link, 271 Broadway, New York, November 3d, 1871 To the Editor of the Herald. I enclose you papers relating to time on car 834, loaded with your freight: The car left here Monday night, October 23d, 12 p. m., and arrived at Chicago Satur day, October 28th, 1p.m., making 4| days to Chicago. Mr. Veile, assistant of the C. R. L & P. R. R., has provided "lightningtime" to Council Bluffs, and I presume will m»ir» •it in two days time. This will make 6$ days from Mew York to Council Bluffs, and the quickest on record. The U. P. R. R. will do their best to Corinne, and, I trust, soon after the receipt of this letter, you will be running the H e rald on time, as usual. I have done everything I possibly could to hurry these goods through for you, and hope the Overland route will be as successful. We received one case several days after the car left, which you will probably not receive as soon as you will the presses and other ma terial. Yours truly, A. T. WILDS. The car referred to in Mr. Wild's letter, went through to Council Bluffa and was landed on the Omaha side of the Missouri river innde of seven days. There, owing to a defective "box," a change of car was made; but notwithstanding this stoppage, the Her ald equipment, intact, was laid down at Co rinne inside of thirteen days from the time it left New York! At Corinne the whole out fit was placed aboard of the mule t/wm. of the Diamond "R" Fast Freight Line, with the expectation of pushing it through from the railroad to Helena in nine days. The storms came on, however, blockading the roads with snow, and it was some time after ward that tlie wagons rolled into town. The management of the Allentown Rail road Fast Freight Line well deserves the con fidence and commendation of the mercantile and all others of the shipping public of the West. It has put forth manly efforts to ac commodate the people ofüiis^ïerritoiy, and it is to this fact and to the sùpertor induce ments offered to shippers, that it enjoys the patronage of tbb great majority'of the* mer cantile, mining, ' tnanufacfdmig, and pther classes of Montana. Itimf,always done fair ly by us; let os all do fairly by k* :} Tral Rumfond medal for 1871 has been awarded to Joseph Harrison, jr. t of Phila delphia, for a boite» which is a l mos t non-ex plosive, and which, in the event of accident, will do but little damage. i A NATIONAL PARK. The telegraphic dispatches this morning announce that the bill introduced by Senator Pomeroy, providing for a National Park on the headwaters of the Yellowstone, has passed the Senate. We have not seen the text of this particular bût, and cannot say whether it is identical with that introduced into the House by our Delegate, but presume it to be essentially the same; and judging from the readiness with which the idea has been taken up, put into shape, and passed the Senate, there can be little doubt that very soon it will receive the sanction of all the necessary parties and become a law. In fact, since the idea was first conceived by the party of gentlemen from this city, who vis ited this region of wonders in the summer of 1869, and gave to the world the first reliable reports concerning its marvelous wealth of natural curiosities, the project has gained ground with surprising rapidity. The letters of Mr. Hedges, first published In the Hebald, the lectures of Mr. Lang ford, the articles of Mr. Trumbull, and later still, the story of peril and adventure of Mr. Everts, all of the same party, were widely circulated by the press of the country, and not merely excited a passing curiosity, but created a living, general interest that has since received strength and larger proportions by the publication of Lieutenant Doone's official report to the War Department of the same expedition ; followed, as that was, by the expedition of Professor Hayden, during the last summer, under the patronage of the Smithsonian Institute, with its fully appointed corps of scientific gentlemen and distin guished artists, whose reports have more than confirmed all descriptions of the Washburn party. Such, in brief, has been the origin and progress of this project now about to re ceive a definite and permanent shape in the establishment of a National Park. It will be a park worthy of the Great Republic. If it contains the proportions set forth in Clagett's bill, it will embrace about 2,500 square miles, and include the great canyon, the Falls and Lake of the Yellowstone, with a score of other magnificent lakes, the great geyser basin of the Madison, and thousands of min eral and boiling springs. Should the whole surface of the earth be gleaned, another spot of equal dimensions could not be found that contains on such a magnificent scale one-half of the attractions here grouped together. Without a doubt the Northern Pacific Rail road will have a branch track penetrating this Plutonian region, and few seasons will pass before excursion trains will daily be sweeping into this great park thousands of the curious from all parts of the world. A steamboat will be plying upon the ciystal waters of Yellowstone Lake, and excited sportsmen will be decoying the speckled beauties from its déptbs or aiming for the swans, geese, duckB or gulls that heretofore have boated undisturbed upon its surface. The picture is altogether exhilerating to con template, and wt advise our citizens who would look upon this scene in its wild, prim itive beauty, before art has practised any of its tricks upon nature, to be prepared to go soon. Helena, though it probably will be less ben efited than Bozeman or Virginia City, by the influx of visitors from abroad, will deserve the chief gloiy, not only of having made known to the world the wealth of attractive wonders this region contains, but of having conceived the project of making it a National Park, and haying pushed it forward to real ization before a swarm of greedy sharks had fastened their monopolizing fangs upon it. HANCOCK AGAIN DISAPPOINTED. The recent death of General Halleck leaves but three Major Generals available for the four great military commands into which the country is divided. One of these is com manded by Lieutenant General Sheridan, and the two others—the Atlantic and Pacific—are commanded by Generals Meade and Schofield. The decease of Halleck leaves the division South vacant. This circumstance renders it almost certain that General Hancock will assert his alleged right to a higher command than the Department of Dakota. Our Wash ington advices, however, state that no new assignment will be made ; that an order from the War Department will soon issue to dis continue the Military Division of the South, and that instructions will be given to the two Department commanders, General Terry and Col. Emory, to report directly to the Secretary of War. This action will retain Hancock in command of the Department of Dakota. LEGAL TENDER DECISION. The Supreme Court of tlr Uuited States has finally decided the legal tender question Five of the nine Judges hold that the Consti tutional grant to Congress of power to coin money, cannot be regarded as containing an implied prohibition against the issue of legal tender notes, and if it raises any implication they are of its complete power over the cur rency ; that the objection that the legal tender act impairs the obligation of contracts can not be accepted, as there can be no valid obli gation to pity a particular' kind of money, ®Tcn ^f both parties understand and expect payment to be made in > a certain kind of money* that all the law compels in payment Is whatever the law shall tecögnize as money when the payment is made. , The former de cision by the same tribunal* that the legal tender acts were unwarranted by fhe Conatitti tion, Is thn r overruled . } ' —A man in Cincinnati is organizing a brass band of twenty women. His theory is. that if they learn only half « many "airs" as they put on, it will be a success. Responsibility of LI«nor Sellers. An Act to provide against the evils resulting from the sale of intoxicating liquors in the Territory of Montana : Sso. 1. Be it enacted by the Legislative Am. sembty of the Territory of Montana. That every husband, wife, child, parent, guardian, employer or other person, who shall be injured in person or property or means of support by any intoxicated person, or in consequence of the intoxication, habit dal or otherwise of any pesson, such wife, child, parent, guardian, employer or other person, shall have a right of action in his or her own name severally or jointly against any person or persons, who shall, by selling or giving intoxicating liquors, have cause« the intoxication in whole or in part of such per son or persons ; and (the) owner of, lessee, or person or persons renting or leasing any building or premises, having knowledge that intoxicating liquors are to be sold therein in violation of this Act, or having leased the some for other purpose*, shall knowingly per mit intoxicating liquors to be sold in such building or premises that have caused the in toxication in whole or in part, of such person or persons, shall be liable severally or jointly with the person or persons selling or giving intoxicating liquors aforesaid, for all dam ages, sustained as well as exemplary damages and a married woman shall have the same right to bring suits and control the same, and the amount recovered tue same as if a femme sole, and all damages recovered by a minor under this Act, shall be paid either to such minor or to his or her parent or guardian or next friend as the Court may direct ; and the unlawful sale or giving away of intoxicating liquors shall work a forfeiture of ail rights of the lessee or tenant under any lease or con tract of rent upon the premises when such unlawful sale or giving away takes place, and all suits for damages under this, shall be by a civil action in any of the Courts of this Ter ritory having jurisdiction thereof. Sec. 2. For all costs and damages assess ed against any person or persons in conse quence of the sale of any intoxicating liquors as provided in section one of thi9 Act, the real estate and personal property of such per son or persons of eveiy kind and without ex ception or exemption shall be liable for the payment thereof ; and such costs and damages shall be a lien upon such real estate until paid; and in case any person or person shall rent or lease to another or others any building or pre mises to be used or occupied in whole or in part, for the sale of intoxicating liquors to cause intoxication in whole or in part, of any "erson as specified in the first section of this .ct, or shall permit the same to be so used or occupied in whole or in part, such building or ] »remises; and proceedings may be had to sub ; ect the same to the payment of any such dam ages and costs assesed or judgment recovered which remained unpaid or any part thereof, either before or after execution shall issue against whom such costs or judgment shall have been adiudged or assessed ; and where execution shall issue against the property so leased or rented, the officer shall proceed to satisfy said execution out of the building or premises so leased or rented or occupied as aforesaid, and in case such building belong to a minor, insane person or idiot, the guardian of such minor, insane person or idiot, who lias control of such building or premises, shall be liable and account to his or her ward for all damages on account of such use and occupation of such building or premises, and the liabilities for the costs and damages afore said and all contracts whereby any building or premises shall be rented or leased and the same shall be used or occupied in whole or in part for the sale of intoxicating liquors to cause intoxication shall be void, and the les see, parson or persons renting or leasing said building or premises shall, on and after the selling or giving intoxicating liquors as afore said, be considered and held to be in posses sion of said building or premises. Sec. 8. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage. Approved January 12th, 1872. B. F. POTTS, Governor. An Explicit Denial. The Virginia City Enterprise, of the 18th inst., publishes the following letter from Armistead, the man who was said to have had the terrible fight with the convict Jones : Bishop Creek, December 27, 1871. ^ Ed. Enterprise: —I saw a letter in the Sacramento Union, of December 23d, which was a copy from your paper, written by one (liar) George Slawson, stating that I had trailed Charles Jones, the convict, to a sheep ranch on the San Joaquin river, where I found him, and had a terrible fight, in which we were both killed ; which is a lie on the face, for I am still living, and haven't lost any convicts to hunt for, for the simple rea son that Nevada will not pay for dead con victs. The man that says I am dead is a liar. FRANCIS a ARMISTEAD. Northern Pacific Contracta in Penn. sylvanla. The Philadelphia Bulletin says that the Northern Pacific Railroad Company, early in December, closed a contract with the Baldwin Locomotive 'works of that city for fifty first-class locomotives, which, with forty-eight already purchased, mostly from this great manufacturing establishment, makes nearly one hundred locomotives, as one item of the purchases of the Northern Pacific in Pennsylvania. Over forty thou sand tons of iron have also been purchased, and the money paid to Pennsylvania iron manufacturers, together with an immense amount of other material, such as passenger and freight cars, spikes, switches, turn-tables, etc. The aggregate sums up nearly five mil lions of dollars thus scattered among the working men of Philadelphia and Pennsyl vania within a apace of eighteen months. mutilated Currency. The Treasurer of the United States, Mr. qpinner gives notice that after Jan. 1, 1872, (he existing rules governing the redemption of oil kinds of paper money now or hereafter redeemable at the Treasury of the United States, will be changed so as to read as fol lows: I. Fragments of a note, constituting less than one-half, will not be redeemed at all, unless on olear and satisfactory proof of the total destruction of the missing part. » IL An entirety of less than five-eight!': of * note, and being dearly half of a note, will be redeemed at half the facevalne of a whole Dote. • t .o.v • ••ii? •*' hi:.«; ■ k . •• imf » ijl. An entire piece, constituting five elghU of a noté, will be redeemed at its full face va lue. . !■•• :j Yankee, id England being annoyed by the constant bowling as to the superiority of English girts, finally silenced laudation by de r*fV 1 * *** "**«7 » gal in Boston, only 11 years old, wno could chew gum in seven different languages, with her eyes shut. " TELEGRAMS »«ported SPECIALLY FOB TBB HERALD BY WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH COMPANY. UNITED STATES. Senate.— Thurman replied to Morton's speech against the Amnesty Bill. Said Morton was ever singing the same old song, without a new note, about the wickedness of the re* bellion and the Democratic party. Nosanemau believed that the Democracy would assume the rebel debt or pay pensions to rebel soldiers. These they did not want, and if they did it was settled by constitutional prohibition. Slavery is also positively prohibited, and the national debt guaranteed by tbe constitutional amendments. Yet Senator Morton, who is the mouthpiece of the President, endeavors to terrify the Senate by these preposterous threats. Morton replied briefly, saying that Blair owed bis place on the Democratic President liai ticket to a Broadband letter. Blair said that if Morton had not backed out of bia speech in favor of Andrew John son, in 1865, be might have bad hie (Blair s) place on the ticket. (Laughter.) House.— Butler preeented a petition for woman anffrage—referred to Judiciary Com« mitten. Resolutions were presented abolishing the franking privilege and confirming the sale of public lands to actual settlers. Pierce, of Mississippi, introduced a bill to apply the sales of public lands to the National School System. McIntyre opposed the bill, and said the public lands belonged to those who settled on them. Education belonged to tbe states. Washington, January 24.—Tbe British and American Mixed Commission adjourned to Monday without transacting any busi ness. Tne President sent the following nomina tions to the Senate to-day- Edward P. Johnson, for U. 8. Attorney to Wyoming; Addison C. Gibbs, for U. S. Attorney to Oregon. The tobacco question was before the Com mittee on Ways and Meana again to-day. Dr. Spence, of Cincinnati, advocated a uni form tax of sixteen cente per pound. He said that such tax would yield 28 millions of dollars annually. Ho also desired a greater certainty and uniformity in law. The Chicago banks, according to the latest official statements show a ten per cent better reserve fund than that of the banka of any other city excepting Albany. General Emery telegraphs to the War De partment from New Orleans, that all la quiet there; and that the political parties seem to be preparing for the Congressional investiga tion. Trenton, January 24.—Governor Parker refuses to interfere in behalf of Potts, the murderer of Halsted. Potts will be banged on fcrtday. New York, January, 24 — At the Custom House Investigation, L. L. More, a large im porter, testified that a high Government official had offered Grinnell $5.000 lor the g eneral order business and GrinDell ordered im to leave the office. The witness was not requested to name tbe official who made theofler. It ia believed that the profits of the general order business are enormous, probably from two hundred thousand dollars to three hundred thousand dollars annually.. J. J. Roberts, importer of watches, testified to tbe loss ot a case of watches in Nov. 1870 He bad paid duty on the watches, and found that the carman who took the case from the ship, to be an irresponsible person whose bond was signed by fictitious names. He baa instituted proceedings against Murphy. Jefferson City, Jan. 25th.—The Liberal Republican Convention met at the Hall of Representatives to-day. It was the largest ever assembled. Judge D. E. Bald, of the county of Grundy, was temporarily elected President, and Col. Lowder Secretary. Judge Bald made a brief speech, in which be referred to the work which devolved upon the Convention as grand and noble. He stated that it waa his hope that a movement would be inaugurated—one that would com. mand the support-of the majority ot the American people—in reformation of true Republicanism. Various committees were appointed, after which a stirring speech was delivered by Hon. C. H. Johnson. The Convention took a recess until 2 o'clock p. m. The Convention is composed of members of the same political proclivities that nomi nated Brown. Among the lookers on were several prom inent gentlemen from abroad, who seem tobe measuring the extent ot the Grant opposi tion. On the re assembling of the Convention, tbe Committee on Resolutions reported, through their Chairman, Col. Grosvenor, tbe pltaform, which called forth enthusias tic applause, and cheers followed the read ing of the resolutions. They are substantially as follows: The first declares a faitb in the vital prin ciples of true Republicanism, and recog nising the sovereignty of the Union, eman cipation and equality of elvil rights. The second demanda equal auffrage and complete amnesty for all. The third favors a genuine reform of tariff. Fourth denounces shame less abuse of public patronsge in tbe inter est of any party or faction; demanda the re form of the civil service, and compliments the Senators whose courage and course ot action has compelled the disclosure of mis rule. In the fifth it is resolved that local sell government, with impartial suffrage, will guard the rights of all citizens more se curely than any centralized authority. It is to stop the growing encroachment ot executive power; the use of coercion or bribery; to ratify a treaty; the packing of tbe Supreme Court to relieve rich corporations; the seating of members of Congress not elected by the people; to the return of all unconstitutional laws to cure Ku-Klux disorder, religion or imtemperance and the surrender of individual freedom to those who ask that the practice or creed of some shall be the law for all. We demand for each individual the largest liberty consistent with public order,for the State self-government; and for-tbe nation to return to the methods of peace and constitutional limitations of power. And.resolved that being Republi can*, makes it not the less our duty to expose corruption, denounce usurpation of power, and work for the reform necessary for the publie welfare. The times demand an up rising of honest citizens to sweep hrbm power men who prostitute tbe name of the honored party to aelflsh interests. We therefore invite all R« publiasse who deeire tbe reforms herein set forth to meet in a na tional mass convention at tbe city of Cincinnati, on the first Monday of May next at 12 o'clock, and there take auch action as our convictions of doty and public exigency may require. Col. Burns then ad dressed the convention. After whioh let ters were read from Carl Schurz and ex« Senator Fowler, of Tennessee. Gov. Brown then discussed the Reeolutlon, which was adopted, and was folloteed by Judge Oliver, oi Ohio, and James Scovel, of New Jersey, when the convention adjourned. The triends of the Government appear highly pleased with the prospects developed. Several letters were read from gentlemen who conld not be present at tbe Convention. The following dispatch was also received. Cincinnati, Jan. 23,1872. To William W. Grosvenor. Chairman. < The German American Reunion and Re form Association send their greeting to your Convention. We are in perfect harmony with your platform, and promise you to co operate heartily with your movement. We will and shall do our duty for the Executive Committee. Caul Strobel. New York, Jan. 24.—Stokes was arraigned for the murder of Fisk in the court of Oyer and Terminer this morning, but a postpone ment was bad, owing to tbe illness of Judge Ingrabam. Washington, Jan. 23 —It was stated in a Cabinet meeting to-day, that dispatches from General Emery represent everything quiet in New Orleans. Baltimore, Jan 24.—The verdict in the Wharton case is nut guilty. Washington, Jan. 25.—Bates, tUg Attorney General ot Utah, is in Washington, endeav oring to get an appropriation to pay court expenses in Utah. He says that unless means are supplied the prosecution must cease. The committee who heard the argument of the deputation in favor ot woman suf frage report unanimously that the Constitu tional amendments confer no right of suf frage on women. States have atill control of the matter. Omaha, Jan. 25—The Legislative imbrog lio ended last night, and tbe Legislature ad journed. Salt Lake, Jan. 25—Baker, one of tbe witnesses for the prosecution in the llobip son murder case, makes an affidavit that bis testimony before Judge McKean, during the preliminary examination, was wholly nntrue and false. Baker waa arrested for perjury and is now confined at Camp Douglas. The weather has moderated to-day, but still very cold. It ia reported that cattle are dying by thousands. A large number of passengers from the West are waiting here for a break in the snow blockade on the Union Pacific railroad. Pnbllo inquiry has been made to know what has become of the Salt Lake contribu tions for the relief of the snfferers by the Chicaga fire. The published official list makes no mention of anything received from Utah. The amount collected in this city alone was nearly $20.000. There were two fires here last evening and it wks a narrow escape from a general conflagration San Francisco, Jan. 25.—Rose Kelly, a beautiful girl, drowned herself in the bay last night. - Albert Lantnann, a young German, shot himself through tbe heart to-day. It is supposed that the cause in both cases was a disappointment in love New York, Jan. 25.—Tbe Croton Aqueduct laborers have struck for back pay. New Orleans, Jen. 24.—It is snowing at New Orleans, Braozs, Galveston and Houston the first time in many years. Loudon, Jan. 24.—A aevere storm com menced here yesterday evening, lasting all night, and raging with great violence. The gale at timesbecame a hurricane, and the rain poured down in torrents, flooding the lower portion of the city. Washington, January 26.— The Commis sioner of Internal Revenue has given instruc tions to the Supervisors throughout the coun try to cause a reduction to the lowest prac tical estimate, of the clerical force in the offi ces of Assessors. The only confirmation made by the Senate to-day was that of Jas. F. Legate, to be Gov ernor of Washington Territory. New York, January 27.—The Custom House investigation committee adjourned till next Wednesday. The committee will go to Washington to-night. Caleb Cushing says that m his opinion the Geneva arbitration will result in a satisfactory settlement without any difficulty. The Herald's Washington special says a convention of discontented Republicans Ls to be held in Cincinnati immediately after the Philadelphia Convention, and it will prepare a ticket and platform for the Democratic party. The Democratic convention is not to be held until late in the summer, and then only to ratify the work of the discontented Republicans Brick Pomeroy was sued this morning for $25,000 damages for a breach of promise of marriage, by Sadie Wilkenson, of New Haven, she charging that he promised to marry her In 1866. Henry Heprer, a German, this afternoon shot his son, aged 18 years, killing him in stantly, and then dangerously wounded him self. Intemperance was the cause. Gold is very firm. The bank statement is unfavorably showing a net loss in legal re serve of $1,700,000. The Yonkers and New York Insurance Company have been mutually dissolved. Twelve cases of small-pox were reported yesterday ; and there have been five deaths since yesterday. New York, January 28. —The committee of citizens has rejected Commodore Vander bilt's plan for regulating the track of the Harlem railroad on Fourth Avenue, and insist upon the road being placed under ground, for which they will appeal to the Legislature. Spinal meningitis is raging among the horses in this city. The best constructed and appointed stables have been visited by it, and a fearful death rate has been the result. The grand jury of Hudson county, New Jqrsey, have indicted "Boss" Bumstead of the Board of Public Works. Fire Commis sioner, Thomas Fielder; Chief of Police, McWilliams ; Police Captain, McHarney, and a number of other Republican politicians are charged with ring jobs. Aft Havana letter says that President Ces pedea is /suffering from an affection of the , eyes and is jn danger of blindness. ■ A Raie/gh special says that one branch of the Legislature has authorized a reward of $10,00$ for the arrest of Henry B. Lowt*y, mid $5,000 for each of his gang, $300,000 in all. The Conservative caucus nominated General Mat. W. Ran so tue (Dem.) «for U. S. Senator to fill the vacancy caused by Vance's resignation. This 4s equivalent to an election. The Republican Siate Convention meets at Raleigh on April 17th, and the Conservative Convention at Greeneboro on the first of May. In the suit of John J. Townsend and Eger-