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» m Volume 6. Helena, Montana, Thursday, May 2, 1872. No. 23 TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION TERMS FOR TUB DAIL* IIERALU. SAffle Copy...................................$0.25 One Week........................................ LOO One Month.......................................S.50 Three Months....................................0.00 One Copy Six Months............................18.00 One Copy One Year..............................27.0# TMRMS FOR THE WEEKLY HERALD. One Copy One Year..............................$8.00 " " Six Months............................ 5.00 " " Three Months..........................3.00 THE WEEKLY HERALD. PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING. ° j W Visk k '} FISK BROS., Publishers. "A THING OF BEAUTY IB A JOY FOR' EVER." [Written for the Helena Herald. Oh ! truest words, so sweetly sung ; What response from our hearts is wrnng; As thought flics back with fond delight, Through brightest day and darkest night, To visions of beanty that gladden the heart, Long years ago, yet still are a part Of/UI that we love; the sunshine of life Shining bright through the clouds of the world's bitter strife. Who hnth not paused at close of day, Beside some streamlet's flowery way, And gazing o'er that happy scene, Before ills eyes had vision's gleam Of Paradise ; that blessed abode Of which we dream, as o'er life's road We wander, grooping for the light, That ilinmines even death's dark night. What heart so dead, it hath not felt, When looking up to Heaven's broad belt. Through the mystic moon's pale silvery light, That beauty flils e'en shadowy night : The full orb'd moon, the glittering star, Perhaps an erring world afar. Speak to tlie soul in fullest measure. Their beauty is "a joy forever." * . The tree» that lift their lofty heads ; The flowers that bloom in mossy beds ; . The matin bird that greets the sun ; The nightingale's song when day is done ; Are " things of beanty" ne'er forgot, They cheer, they bless, tho humblest lot ; Life's flowers, o'er life's dark pathway cast, What wonder that we hold them fast? Drink deep, O heart ! of beauty's cup ; Drink deep, and long ; and looking up. Thank Him who made His works so fair. Who tills the earth with beauty rare. Of mountain, vale, and tinkling rill, Of flowery plains, and Bnow eap'd hill ; Whose simplest work is without measure, "A tiling of beauty," "a joy forever." G. L. B. Fort Baker, M. T.. April 20th, 1872. What in the Width of Our Lead Minen ; For the benefit of our lead miners we clip the following from the Engineering and Mining Journal . giving the dimensions of several veins in Colorado, showing what sort of leads are worked there and counted among the best. If we had dimensions of the mines in our neighborhood, we are certain that we could make as good, if not a better, showing than this. Will our miners furnish us with names of leads and width of crevice? "It may be interesting to mention a few of the largest and best know n of the lead veins. The Bush and Menouta, on Sherman Moun tain, show one and two feet of mineral on the surface, and where the lode has been struck in Burleigh's Tunnel, 900 feet from the en trance, it is stated to be five feet from wall to wall. The Gilpin, on Leavenworth, is a huge vein of galena, often two feet wide and more. In the Henry Ward Beecher, on Democrat Mountain, the seam is two feet solid; and in the New Boston, higher up on the same mountain, with a crevice over 40 feet across there are seams varying in width from a quar ter inch to six feet Many other lodes could be named, containing as large bodies of galena, assaying 50 ana 60 per cent, of lead, and carrying silver enough to cover even' expense of mining and milling. Often nar row veins expand in places and pockets of considerable size and extent as in the last end of the Phœnix (Maine discovery.) The west Plueni.'v rarely shows more than 6 or 8 inches, while the Maine opens upon a chimney which has varied from one to four feet iu width, carrying from 100 to 2,000 ounces of silver per ton." Unfortunate Predicament of a Poof Debtor. A bill to amend the Poor Debtors law, dis cussed in the House yesterday, shows a sin ...........* * u! — -------- ' the _________ r _______icon- ------ —J amending bill was suggested by the case of John Dennis, now' lying in Charles Street jail a prisoner for debt, and who, unless the Legislature acts on the mat- ter, or a forcible release is made, must remain there for life. He was arrested for debt, but, in an examination as to his power to take the poor debtor's oath, fraud on his part Was dis- covered, and he was sentenced to thirty days in jail. He served out his time and again ap- plied to take the oath, which was administer- ed to him m the jail. The sheriff declined to release him, on the ground that he had for- feited his rights under the law by such im- prisonment, The Supreme Court sustained the sheriff, and the prison gates seemed scaled against the poor debtor for life. The amend- ing bill, started on its passage in the House yesterday, and will probably set the prisoner at liberty.— Boston Times, April 6. ►* WATER BIGHTS. c. 1,411. The appropriation must be for ; useful or beneficial purpose, and when The following are the provisions of the California Civil Code, recently enacted, re lating to water rights : Sec. 1,410. The right to the use of run ning water flowing in a river or stream or down a canyon or ravine may be acquired by appropriation Sec, some _ _ ______ the appropriator or his successor in interest ceases to use it for such a purpose the right Ceases. Sec. 1,412. The person entitled to the use may change the place of diversion if others are not injured by such change, and may ex tend the ditch, flume, pipe or aqueduct by which the diversion is made to places beyond that where the first use was made. Seo. 1,413. The water appropriated may be turned into the channel of another stream and mingled with its water ami then re claimed, but in reclaiming it the water al ready appropriated by another must not be diminished. Sec. 1,414. As between appropriates, the one first in time is the first in right. Sec. 1,415. A person desiring to appro priate water must post a notice, in writing, m a conspicuous place at the point of in tended diversion, stating therein: 1. That he claims the water there flowing to the ex tent of (giving the number) inches, measured under a four inch pressure ; 2. The purposes for which he claims it, and the place of in tended use ; 8. The means by which he in tends to divert it, and the size of the flume, ditch, pipe or aqueduct in which he intends to divert it. A copy of the notice must, within ten days after it is posted, be recorded in the office of the Recorder of the county in which it is posted. Sec. 1,416. Within sixty days after the notice is posted the claimant must commence |he excavation or construction of the works in which he intends to divert the water, and must prosecute the work diligently and unin terruptedly to completion, imless temporarily interrupted by snow or rain. Sec. 1,417. By "completion" is meant conducting the waters to the place of intended use. Sec. 1,418. By a compliance with the above rules, the claimant's right to the use of the water relates back to the time the notice was posted. Sec. 1,419. A failure to comply with such rules deprives the claimants or the right to the use of the water as against a subsequent claimant who complies therewith. Sec. 1,420. Persons who have heretofore claimed the right to wuter, and who have constructed works in which to divert it, and who have not diverted or applied it to some useful purpose, must, after this title takes effect, and within twenty days thereafter, proceed as in this title provided, or their right ceases. Sec. 1,421. The Recorder of each county must keep a book, in which he must record the notices provided for in this title. Sec. 1,422. The rights of riparian pro prietors are not affected by the provisions of this title. The Davis Party. Judge Davis' non-committal, half-way ac ceptance of the Labor Reform Presidential nomination reminds the Berkshire (Massa chusetts) people of a similar instance in the E flitical history of Mr. Henry Shaw, of anesboro, the father of "Josh Billings." Mr. Shaw was one day nominated by the old Native American party for Governor of Mas sachusetts, and accepted the nomination. But it soon came out that he was the author, under the signature of "Greylock," of a series of newspaper articles which denounced the party and its principles with all the logic and pungency for which he was distinguished. Of course this was a bombshell in the eatnp, and a committee was dispatched to interview tlie standard-bearer. The candidate received them with his characteristic urbanity, but at once acknowledged the paternity of the "Greylock" letters, and cut short their per plexed remonstrances by saying, " Yes, gen tlemen, I am, as you say, the candidate of your party ; I have accepted their nomina tion, but not their principles. That is your affair, you must look out for that." There are a number of words in the En- glish language each of which contains all the five regular vowels, but it would puzzle almost any one to think of more than one or two at short notice. The following may be given as examples: Education, Reputation, Regu- lation, Emulation, Perturbation, Mensura- tion, Repudiation. Besides these there are several words each containing all the vow- els, including the "y." Of these we may mention^ Revolutionary, Elocutionary and Unquestionably. The word "indivisibility" may be noted as a peculiar word, for it con- tains the letter "i" six times. 1 Mississippi and Tennessee are each spelled with only four different letters of the alphabet, although one contains eleven letters and the other e. Schnapps, a word of one syllable and eight letter, contains but one vowel. There are no words in the English language of more than eight syllables, and of those containing that number we may mention "incompre- hensibility." -—•< * — The oldest pieces ot wrought-iron known are - - -..... Belzoni under nak, the blade foimd by uoionei vyse ded in the masonry of the great pyramid, and the portion of a cross-cut saw exhumed at Nimrod bv Mr. Layard, all of which are now in the British Museum. A wrought liar of Damascus steel was presented by King Porus to Alexander the Great, and the razor steel of China for many centuries has surpassed all European steel in temper and durability of edge. The Hindoos appear to have made wrought-iron directly from the ore, from time immemorial. A is a aU ed The President and Mrs. tirant. A French Woman's Opinion of the White House and Its Residents. [Countess de Pauls in the London Cosmopolitan.] The White House is a shabby residence. The President, however, is so much loved that one soon forgets the discomfort. Like all great men, he is simplicity itself. I had heard a great deal of the gallant soldier, but I never felt more impressed, and, as a French woman, I wished we bad had such a man du ring the war—at all events at Metz. The President talks little—if possible re ceives every one who has business with him. Many of his subjects only desire the honor of shaking hands. I found this great, simple man _ affable, just in his remarks, courteous in his demeanor ; and the mode in which he shakes hands tells you at once he is honest. I saw Thiers' likeness in his cabinet, and compared Grant—the great man, tho victori ous—to that small, egotistical individual, so difficult of approach. The President simply told me Mr. Washbume had sentthe likeness, adding that he never was abroad. While I was there letters arrived, the President put ting them into his pocket with the gallantry of a Talleyrand and the manner of a soldier, which he is every inch. None of his por traits do him justice. His head is larger than any of the portraits represent His beard is fair, and there is a peculiar softness in the eye. As I am gifted with double sight and can enter on the domains of " craimand," I was sure of welcome. The fact is, ladies here are the first in all—first received. It is only a pity that American belles do not use their mighty power for something else than coquetry. As a proof of the welcome and interest President Grant felt in your sister editor, I was requested to give him another call, and iu the few sentences with which now and then he favored nie*I saw robust common sense. I was pleased—in truth, delighted—and I admiral tlie chief of the Great Republic. I left the Executive man sion convinced that the United States had an honest man at its head ; a soldier with an iron will ; and God knows how soon his skill may be required to put down the enemies at home or abroad. Tlie receptions of Mrs. Grant are closed for the Lent ; but she receives calls—rests awhile from the hard duties of the reception season, and now enjoys the family circle and the company of a few friends. Her manner is perfectly in accordance with her position of Présidente. Great in her simplicity she represents the true woman—the fond com panion the star of tlie Union, the inspirer of her husband and children ; and I only won der that with such an example at the head of the State I see no such folly and extrava gance. Jim Fisk'ii Finit Composition. From Me Alpine's Life and Times of James Fisk, Jr. One of his copy-books, used when he was about twelve years of age, is still preserved by his step-mother at her home in BrattleborO, and to say that it is a literary curiosity is to do meager justice to one of the most original of all the written results of schoolboy labor ever examined by the critic. Hardly a page but shows the antipathy of the boy to every thing like set forms, and hardly a line but bears evidence of his natural contempt for uniformity. Tlie little book contains three or four compositions, one of which, entitled, "A Piece about the Dog," is as unique as auy tiling ever penned by Artemus Want. The young writer says in his " Piece " (which had originaliy been written "Peace"): "A Dog is an animal with forelegs be cause he is a quadrooped. I like large dogs because they can run further and fight better than little dogs and they can also cetch rabits. A big dog ain't worth much without he's got good breed into him. Then I had dratlier nev a little one. They can also drag sleds some has been learned to carry sticks and baskets and seterer. The buldog is the best fighting dog because most likely he was made for that purpus. A terrier goes mostly for rats, but they can also fight. I think the new foundland is the noblest dog he saves children from drowning, and they are sogasious. This is all for the present" Great Loss of Cattle In Texas. Both the late cold weather and the drouth have occasioned an immense loss of cattle in many portions of Texas. Indeed, the stock interest has not received for many years such a severe blow. According to the Texas pa- pers, it is estimated that 200,000 head of 6at- tle have died during the past few weeks iii western Texas. The loss lias been fearful between the Guadalupe and Nueces rivers. In Goliad alone, 20,000 animals have been skinned, about an equal number in San Pat- rico and Karnes counties. The Herald says that in a space of one mile, opposite Helene, l,000or more animais have been skinned Within a space of three miles, near Kennedy's ferry, on the Neuces, 5,000 more died, and many of the carcasses have been stripped of the hides. At last accounts the cattle were dying in Texas at a fearful rate, from starva- tion. After the cold weather came a fearful drouth, and there was literally no grass for for them to subsist upon. So the loss of stock in the counties above named, in Victoria, DeWitt, Gonzales, and other neighboring portions, this winter and spring, may be esti- mated at about one half. We rejoice to learn that abundant rains have recently fallen over aU the State.— N. 0. Picayune, Marc/i 21 st. --- A fashion reporter describes some of the toilettes at a recent party at Cheyenne : "The belle of the evening was Miss W. She dress ed faultlessly in linsey-woolsey of the pale e au lait cut en train and trimmed Itlessiv shade of cafe with Chicago relics. Miss H. wore a polo naise made of blue jeans, postiliioned in the back, cut viz-a-viz with a detrop bias, and gored in the most sanguinary manner." a to to in of or ed How a Newspaper Was Started. Years ago an educated, but rather fast young Englishman, having run through all his ready money by a long course of fashion able dissipation in the chief cities of the con tinent, found himself one day in Paris with his means of livelihood nearly exhausted and credit entirely gone. This state of things— almost face to face with want—set him to re flecting seriously, for tlie first time in several years. "Something must be done," mused he, "and that right nuickly. Bread and butter must be bad, and there is no money in my trousers wherewith to get it ; or, at best, only sufficient to last, with economy, three or four days longer, and then what ?" Being naturally shrewd, of an inventive turn of mind, and a very ready ink slingist, he quickly formed the determination of turning these qualities to present account. "Neces sity is the mother of invention," it is said. His resolution to strike out in his new course was no sooner taken than he proceeded to put it into execution. On taking account of stock our impecuni ous friend finds that he has just sufficient funds'On hand to settle up with his landlady for his last lodgings, take him across the channel to London, and insert an advertise ment he had studied, up and prepared, three times in two daily papers of the city. " And what was this curious advertisement?" very naturally asks the reader. It simply called for five hundred newsboys to sell a new daily about to start. As their commissions for do ing this, they were to receive an extra per centage, but as a guarantee (and here comes tlie joke) each boy to be employed must leave with bis employer just one pound sterling. This condition was peremptorily insisted on in every case. But the extra inducement had the desired effect—in fact, it took admirably, for in less than a week the five hundred boys, or their friends for them, had applied, regis tered their names, and Æ500 sterling was duly deposited. Air. Smithson, our embryo journalist, now set himself to work night and day to get up a daily |paper. Aside from a few paying adver tisements and some shilling notices, he him self wrote up the entire contents or the little sheet, and on the day the boys were told to come for their papers the first number was ready. The paper was no longer a myth, but a living reality. Little did these ragged urchins or their friends suspect, however that the whole thing was got up on their money. The venture proved a great success; but, on the other hand, had it been a failure, then what ? Ha ! in that case our friend would suddenly have found it necessary to resume his travels again, otherwise he would have foutid him self ticketed for ten years at least at Bridge well. From the first number of the paper the en terprise rapidly grew and flourished ; the shoe less little fellows, who so unwittingly fur nished the capital to set np a newspaper, soon had their money returned, and none were the wiser, nono the worse, for the clever ruse that bad been played. Thus was ushered into the world that powerful institution, known to-day-all over two hemispheres as the London Daily Tele graph, with correspondents on every part of the globe, employing a corpse of writers and weilding an influence second only to the "Thunderer" itself. Smithson, the projector, died several years ago, wealthy from the pro ceeds of an enterprise begotten of sheer des peration, and, though rash in its inception, yet highly successful in its results. A GREATJOIIHNAL. The Missouri Democrat is conceded to be one of the ablest and most influential Republican journals in the West. Recently it underwent a polical change of proprietorship, the prop erty passing into the hands of the senior of the old firm, Mr. Geo. W. Fishback, for the sum of $456,000. Tho Democrat now comes to us enlarged to a ten column sheet, printed on a new six-cylinder Hoe press, and much improved in appearance. When the pending chnnge was in prospect the Chicago Tribune took occasion to predict that it ,\voukl be fol lowed by a change in the political attitude of the Democrat. This is the Democrat's answer to the vaticinations of tlie false prophet : " And now a word as to the Democrat of the future. Believing that the nearest ap proach to political perfection which men as beings can make, is attainable through the success of the Republican party, we fehall adhere to and support the principles, .politics and properly nominated candidates of that party. Believing General Grant to be the wisest choice or the Republican party ; hav ing indorsement for his pasf and confidence in his future career as a civil ruler, we shall continue the advocacy of his nomination until tije Philadelphia Convention shall have crystalized the party wiil in an accredited nominee, who—be he General Grant or some other worthy man—will receive our earnest support in the great straggle between dis guised Democracy and avowed Republican ism, which is certain to be the complexion of the Presidential contest." Tbe Individual Responsibility of a Judge. Washington, April 9.—The Supreme Court has given an opinion in the Bradley-Fisher suit. One feature in the decision has never before been announced in this country. In this case Bradley sued Fisher for damages because the latter, as Judge of the Court in the district, had disbarred Bradley for alleged contempt. Justice Field delivered the opinion of the Court. It held that a Judge of a Court having general jurisdiction was not liable in a civil suit for any decision it may have rendered, even though it should appear that the decision was influenced by malicious or corrupt motives, and had been given out side of his jurisdiction. In alluding to the merits of the case, Justice Field said that Judge Fisher had no right to disbar Bradley without first giving _hlm a hearing. „ „ _____ _____ D . The opinion of Justice Field is in accordance with an English custom not heretofore adopt ed in our Courts. Aasthsr •'Innocent" Abroad. Annie Brewster's Rome Letter, in Philadelphia Bulletin One of the most refreshing specimens of ignorance and common sense has been de lighting a portion of American Rome the last fortnight. It is one of our countrymen. He has become famous. His witty sayings have been repeated at the dinner parties of "the elect made perfect." As Alonsieure Jourdan, he has spoken prose without knowing it. I made even the calm languid features of Mr. Leckey, the author of Rationalism, relax into a be nignant smile, at a dinner the other night, and the rest of the company pealed out laugh ter, by recounting in the simplest manner the delicious bon mots of this wit unawares. "Here," he said to a gentleman, whom he met in the reading-room of the hotel at which they both lodged, "here, tell me what there is to see in this infernal old one-horse town." The gentleman appealed to was stunned for an instant; then he suddenly thought of 8t Peter's as a place likely to effect all manner of persons, ignorant as well as educated. "O, I've seen that bildin', sir,'.' answered our wit. "I've walked its huü length and then stepped off its wedth; and then went a top. I know the old place all through and through to bits. None of you can't telfnothing' about that old church. I jest studdied it out all by myself, and I finished it up clean, I tell you. But there's another bildin' I was told I must see, and I can't for the life of me recollect what it is called." Several places were named over in vain; at last the Coliseum was by chance mentioned. "Kolly-see-um! That sounds suthin like it. What sort of bildin' is it? What did they use to do in it?" "It was a place of public amusement,' was told. he : games. "Öh no! it is in rains." "Oh, played out," said our delicious wit, with a snort of contempt "I see. Just like maay another thing In the blasted dirty old hole," and my dear fellow-countryman swag gered off sucking his cigar, filled with intense disgust for the whole d—d nonsense," as he expressed it "of this here Rome and its ruins, its idolatry, ignorance and dirt." A few days after he said he had been visiting some of the galleries; he was asked how he liked the pictures. "Not much; it seems like a useless pack of rubbish to me. But then you see I'm no epicure." Mlracul«ua Cass •( Drunkenness. New York Correspondence Baltimore American. A gentleman arose in the Fulton street Ê raver meeting the other day and stated that e had been a slave to intemperance for ten years past. Every remedy-medical, moral and social—that the ingenuity of man could r 1 on him by his anxious and his anxious self, with no effect. All bad become utterly discouraged, and all, including himself, had given him up for lost and incurable—all except, the praying ones, who loved him ; they alone kept on praying. New Year's day he felt that now was the time to break through this curse or perish forever. One more spasmodic resolve was made only to be broken. From week to week he still struggled, but gained no ground against his oppressor. On the last Sunday morning, more to divert his wretched mind than anything else, he went into a church. There he prostrated himself in his utter help lessness with a ciy for rescue before God. And there the chains fell off from his son]. He walked forth glad and strong in the sense of a new spirit ot life from Jesus Christ, and sure of his freedom by confidence in his Divine Helper. Drink was no temptation— the appetite was gone. Next morning he hastened to his praying and long sorrowing mother to tell the wonderful news. The locomotive was a snail to his eager desire. He spent the happiest day of both their lives with her, and yesterday returned to the city, and to-day had come in here to give Humic a that the Son of God had made him free, and lie was free indeed. After him followed in prayer and thanksgiving a fine specimen of intelligent young manhood, who frequently lifts up his voice for the throng of intemper ate cases every day presented in this meeting for intercession, and who never omits to give fervent thanks tor his own recent emancipa tion by the Son from the Devil and his Prime Minister intemperance. A Span Inh Orator. It is certainly worth a pilgrimage to AJecca or Madrid to see and hear that man of men, the perfect orator. Such an orator, Senor Castelar says, is Figueras, the Spanish Re publican leader. He has the purest, noblest character imaginable,—he is frankness, sin cerity, fidelity personified. He lias indomi table energy, the most delicate political skill, ardent devotion to conviction, and excellent culture, ßo much for the framework of his eloquence. His speeches are sober, correct and brilliant ; earnest, courteous, calm, and reasonable; wonderfully acute, an<J at the same time persuasive. When it is necessary he knows how to thrill the Cortea with his passionate fervor ; and at times he rises to sublimity. He has the keenest perception of the weak points in the enemy's armor, and the most exquisite sense of op ' can call np storms u benches with the same facility '________ calms them among his own partisans. He has a prodigious memory, unalterable serenity and self-possession, wears a benevolent smile when his lips are Bending forth shafts of bitterness, and holds himself in perfect calm while his hearers are quivering with the ex- citement produced by Ms eloquence. And, withali, Ms face, attitude, and action are full of majesty and simplicity. Truly such a sketch as this almost makes us doubt one of two things—Castelar's vision or Figueras' humanity. -^ 1 1^> I, —Russia has recently organized 15,000 pub- lic school*.