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n t â 9a Volume 6. Helena, Montana, Thursday, May 16, 1872. No. 25-1 TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION TERMS FOR THE DAILY HERALD. Single Copy............................ ffl.28 One Week.................. 1.00 One Month.............,.........................8.50 Three Months...................... 9.00 One Copy Six Months............................I 8.00 One Copy One Year............. 27.00 TMKM8 FOR THE WEEKLY HERALD. One Copy One Year..............................js.00 " " Six Month*............................ 6.00 " " Three Months.......................... 3.00 THE WEEKLY HERALD. PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING. ° j w Æ '} FISK BEOS., Publishers I*fa.in Language to Untruthful null. W. A. Croffnt, the genial table talker of the Chicago Pont, puts the American argument In favor of indirect damages In the following printed form: Which 1 rise to reply. And my language 11 That for ways that are sly And my language is cool, 'hat for ways that are sly In shenanigan. Bull, You beat all creation, I swan, you're as sot as an olwtl udte mule. It's not good to call names. But concernin' this fuss About indirect daims And the Al'bamy muss. There's a story I've laid ont to tell, vidoliclt—for in stance—as thus: Ah, Jim was his name, And his cattle and swinu Every now and then came And broke over the line ; For we lived close together, thtmgh he was a distant relation of rr.inn. My house was bran-new. And my garden was best ; My shamrocks they grew Like potatoes possessed : And Jim, getting leulous, threw stouua at my hen when she sot on her nest. Wall—I went oif one week. When he grabbed up his ax, And the cowardly sneak « Give a conple of whacks, Which he covo in my fence and my door, and (he beast* fullered in his tracks. Those er» homed critters et The com, lettuce and peas, And a drove of hogs met At the butter and cheese. And through basement and pantry they rampaged In cooked victuals up to their knees. They capsized the hot stove ; The flames darted and broke Through tlie ceilings above. And—ah. Johnny, no joke— I arrovc, and them ruin* was taking the nicest kind of u smoko. Jim—he'd scooted homo And had locked himself in ; To the winder he come, And ho said with a grin, " Don't tie mad, for we're consuls, you know and we ought to be cronies agin." " James," said I, "perhaps You have did as you chose, But you've burned up my trajis. And I'm free to suppose, II yon are the person I think, you will pay me lor these and for those." Then calmly spoke James: " I am sony. And more: I will nay direct claims For the loss yon bave bore. I'U fork over the damage I've done ; here's a dollar for breaking your door!'' Now, John, 1 must wait Like an owl on a limb. But I'll catch, soon or late, That 'ere jocular Jim. And by jingo! I'll wuUop him blind, am! a head I'll erect upon him. HENNE AMO NONHENHE. Sylubles govern tlie world.—[John Sekleu. What one dies for, not his dying, glorifies him.—[Lowell. Men blush less for their crimes tliau for their weaknesses.—[Bruyere. Take away the sword ; States can be saved without it; bring tlie pen! [Bulwer. To lead an uninstructed people to war is to throw them away.—[Confucius. Characters never change. Opinions alter: characters are only developed.—[Disraeli. At night thou must go in prayer as a beg gar, if by day thou wilt carry thyself as a king.—[Saadi. , , Genius unexalLed is no more gcuius than a bushel of acorns is a forest of oaks.—Beecher. The elephant lives 200 years.—[Ex. If you don't believe It, buy oue and see for yourself.—[Chicago Poet, Learning without thought is labor lost; thought without learning is perilous.—[Con fucius. The pleasure of love is in loving. We aie happier in tlie passion we fed than in that we excite.— [Rochefoucauld. We cannot look, however imperfectly, upon a great man without gaining something by him.—[Carlyle. Lobsters will be vorv ?cnice this year— "probably because the long winter has killed the yines, suggests Mr. Greeley. "Tlie myriad-legged, the gleaming, glitter ing farrago of nothingness," is what Boston people call the Black Crook, To a man who looks long at the sun, the sun imprints itself on everything he looks at. So it is with a man who looks long at God.—[Tnaler. Dr. Johnson once said, it mattere not how a man dies, but bow he lives. The art of dying is not of Importance, it lasts so short a time. Dead Stanley lately said, in a serin? 11 to thQ printers of London, that once architecture was the press, and told great thoughts to the world in stone; but now the press was arohi ., tecture, aiyl is building up tug world (ff ,ideas and 1 ' A Vigorous Generation. It is reported, on good authority, that Mr. Seward is busily engaged writing his autobi ography, and an account of his recent trip around the world. Mr. Bryant is preparing for a trip to Mexico, having finished his great labor of translating Homer. Mr. Gideon Welles is proving, by frequent and trenchant articles for the magazines, that age has neither withered his intellect nor dimmed the brightness of liis memory of "wrongs" en dured. Mr. J. S. Black, while continuing his legal practice, is still finding time to deal hard blows at bis political adversaries in other magazine essays. Caleb Cushing's hand is discernable in some of thejmost powerful of our late State papers, and he is on the eve of departing forTieneva, as counsel in the Ala bama claims arbitration. Mr. Charles Math ews—to pass to another sphere—has just de lighted us with acting which, for grace, ease, and facility of expression, is hardly to be equalled by the younger generation of actors, at whose birth, it might be said, this veteran comedian attended. Mr. A. B. Durand, the oldest of our artists, has just completed a picture which in size is one of his largest, and in strength of execution one of his most important. Mr. Havemeyer has proved his' capacity for effective work for the public as Chairman of the Committee of Seventy, and has shown us that energy and ability to render great service for the public do not always de part with the coming of many years. The venerable Judge Lowell, of Boston, furnishes the bar with decisions which for clear and compact statement, and compre hensive grasp of the subjects with which they deal, are models of American judicial opin ions. Mr. Ralph Waldo Emerson, whose years count up so many as to make those of us who knew of him in his "Dial" days, sadly turn to count our own gray hairs, has never produced more finished work than that he has lately given us—work rich with the ripeness of thought and experence, and pol ished with diamond like brilliancy. Bishop Potter avoids no episcopal duties, and even resented it as almost a reflection on bis char acter when the division of the diocese of New York, now accomplished, was first proposed. Mr. Vanderbilt directs his half dozen great railroads, and pushes his yast financial enter prises with a clearness and soundness of judg ment in eveiy way wonderful—and with a blow that tells no story of care, plays his lit tle game of whist in the evening as if he were nothing but an easy, well-to-do old gentleman outside tlie turmoil of business or adventure. Capt. John Ericsson, who presided at the birth of the locomotive, being a rival of Stevenson as far back as 1821, and whose pu pils are now old men, and distinguished • en gineers, is still working with a vigor and clearness of intellect really unexampled even in his own marvelous career. He is now en uponthe most abstruse study of his ife—solar physics—and has already' accom plished enough therein to make a reputation, even if he had done nothing else.— Ncv> York Tinte». Useful Hints to Young Writers. Bouquet is a French word ; hoquet is not. Sobriquet is a French word ; soubriquet is not. Hors dc combat is a correct French ex pression; hors du combat is not. Illy is not an English wird. To say that a person is illy adapted to any employment is as incorrect as it would be to say that he is welly adapted for it. Ill adapted is the f.or rect expression. Firstly Is not an English word; first should be used. Secondly, thirdly, etc., are correct. The use of the word most Instead of almost is a vulgarism of New England origin. The Atlantic Monthly lately exhibited it in some verses. * Nouns ending in ey form their plural regu larly adding s ; as key, keys ; mopkey, mon keys; journey, journeys; attorney, attorneys; money, moneys. Ignorance leads-eomc per sons to write attornles and monies instead of the correct spelling. The word whisky has no c in it, and its plural is whiskies, not whiskeys. It would be correct to say that "It is not unlikely that Mr. Boutwell will )>e only too glad;" but it is Incorrect to say that "it is not unlikely but Mr. Boutwell will be only too dad," or "it is not unlikely but that Mr. Boutwell will be only too glad." This last form apjjeared recently in a prominent news paper. If it means anything, it means that •'it is not unlikely except that whicli Mr. Bout well will be only too glad,...... temted nonsense. which Is untulul Tue Frankixg Privilege. —The Washing ton correspondent of the New York Herald under date of April 11th says : There was another attempt in the House to-day, to abolish the franking privilege. Tlie question was discussed by a few who seemed to have a duty to perform. Butler, of Massachusetts, opposed the bill. He said it was a privilege that belonged to tho people, and resulted In more good to them than the abolishment of it could possibly do. He said he voted for this bill before because he knew the Senate would never do so foolish a thing as to pass it. A considerable amount of buncombe was indulged in for the benefit of the rural dis tricts, but when the question came to a vote Mr. Sargent, of Californio, moved to recom mit the bill and amendments, which was done. Mr. Holman objected, saying that would kill it, and when the ayes and noes were asked for only thirteen voted to order them. The question was thus summarily disposed of for this season, us it will not be reached again. The SL Paul Pres» says that Mr. H. M. Dwyer, who hot) charge of N. P. Railroad colouy matters, will soon leave for a trip along the line of the Northern Pacific Rail road, in company with Mr. Wright, the Pres ident of the road, with the view of the Im mediate settlement of two or three colonies. The entire plan soems to be the perfection of colonization, and its progress Will be watched with 1 • '""i Non* of Hla Funeral. A Western paper tells a story of a deaf gentleman's mistake. It seems that in fol lowing the good Deacon Jones to the gravé last summer, Rev. Mr. Sampler, the new clergyman of East Town, found himself In the same carriage with an elderly man he had never before met. They rode in grave silence for a few moments, when the clergyman en deavored to improve the occasion by a seri ous conversation. "This is a solemn duty in which we are engaged, my friend," said he. "Hey ? What do you say,' sir ?" the old man returned. "Can't you speak louder? I'm liardof hearin'!" "I was remarking," shouted the clergyman, "that this is a solemn road we are traveling to-day." "Sandy road. You don't call tbifi'ere sandy, do ye ? Guess you ain't been down to the south district yet. That's a stretch of road on the old pike that beets all I ever see for hard travelin'. Only a week before the Deacon was tuk sick, I met him driviu' his ox team along there, and the sand was up to tlie hubs of the wheels. The Deacon used to get dreadfully riled 'bout that piece of road ; and East Town does go ahead of all creution for sand." The young clergyman looked blauk at the unexpected turn given to his remark, but quickly recov ering himself, and raising his voice to the highest pitch, he resumed the conversation, "our friend here is done with all the discom forts of earth," he said solemnly. "A small spot of ground will soon cover his senseless clay." "Did you sav clay, sir ?" cried the oltfman, eagerly. "Taint neigh so good to cover sand with as Redder loam. Sez I to Mr. Brewer, last town meetin' day, if you cart on half a dozen löads —and there's acres of it on the fiver bank, says I—you'd make as pretty a plpce of road as there is in Hart ford county. But we tire slow folks in Ehst Town, sir." It was, peihaps, fortunate for the clergyman that the smell of pew-made hay from n neighboring field suggested a fresh tram of thöugnt. "Look!" said he, with a graceful waive of the haud; ''what an emblem of the brevity of human life ! As the grass of the field so man flourlslieth, and to-inor row lie is cut down." "I dont calculate to cut mine till next week," said his companion. "You mustn't cut 'ally; and then, again, you mustn't cut too late." "My friend!" shrieked the Clergyman, In a last desperat? effort to make htmBclf understood, "this is no place for vaiil Conversation, we are approaching the narrow house fôr all the living." They were entering the graveyard, but the old man stretched his head from'the carriage window in the opposite direction. "Do you mean Squire Hubbard's, over yonder? 'Tis rather narrer. They build all them new-fangled houses that way now. To my mind they ain't nigh so handsome nor so handy as the old-fashioned square ones with a broad entry runnin' clear through to the back door. Well, this is the gettin'-out place, ain't it? Much obleeged to ye, parson, for yer entertainin' remarks!" , ... - i ff* e y*children, were left ulone in the dark Ten Years of Pot lent Watting;. Here is a story of love and constancy which has made material for a few day's gos sip at Washington : Ten yean ago the daugh ter of one of our naval officers stationed at Ban Erancisco, became engaged to a hand some young Russian, who visited that port with the Russian fleet The lovers were soon separated; the Lieutenant sailed away; the lady, in course of time, went with her father to Washington. A correspondence was main tained regularly, but there was uo opportu nity for a meeting.. Finally the officer was ordered to a distant post, where mails were unknown. No word was heard of him for three years. In spite of the remonstrances of her. friends, the lady trusted and waited, and a few weeks ago a letter came to say that he was on his way to America to claim the fulfillment of her promise. He brought with him a sister, of whom report speaks as the most beautiful woman ever seen in Washing ton, and the constancy of ten years were re warded by a quiet wedding at Georgetown.— San Francisco Chronicle. How Children Buffer from Fear. —No pain is more dreadful to endure than fear. Few parents realize how much their children suffer from this cause. "There is nothing to hurt you," is an assurance which does not allay the apprehension. • An undefined some thing, existing often only in tlie imagination, is the occasion of just as real suffering as the most tangible evil could be. This suffer ing from fear has much to do with the ulmost universal dislike which children have of go ing to bed. They are left alone In some chamber away from the family—a wise ar rangement so far as quietness is concerned, and judicious entirely if the child exhibits no fear. But only those who remember what horrors possessed the imagination when can fully realize the sufferings of a nervous child. "I don't mind your whipping me, father," said a little fellow, who had been re peatedly puDisliod for dying when put to bed alone, "if you will only stay with me." Several years ago there was sueh a tre mendous freshet on tlie Illinois river that it was for a long time referred to as "the flood." During a lawsuit in Peoria, an old man named Adam, living in a little hamlet on the river know as Paradise, was examined ns a witness. "What is your name ?" was the first question asked him. "Adam, sir," said he. "Your name is Adam, is it. Well where do you live ?" "In Paradise, sir." "Oh, yoor name is Adam and you live in Paradise, do you ? Well, how long have you lived there ?" "Ever since the flood," replied the simple old mai whose words were downed in a roar of laughter, in which the court, jury, dounsel and spectators all joined. •[■■■ ——1—«»i-.— - ■ Iff the Electoral College, of 83? votes, this year, the former slave-holding States will have "184 votes, the Western States 102, the New ;kusd and Middle 8tafés lÖ9 f and the Paci fic States 12 votes. ABOUT WOMEN. —The last question that has troubled phi losophers is this: Which causes a girl most pleasure, to hear herself praised or another girl run down? —There is a Bootblack Brigade in Boston made up of girls. One of the rules of the as sociation is that the young lady who shines for less than a dime does so at the penalty of losing her chignon. , —At the Logansport, Ind., Mite Society meetings, the ladies play Copenhagen for the good of tlie cause, and make the gentlemen who participate pay at the rate of a dollar an hour or ten cents a single buss. —A wretched husband in St. Paul advertises for the recovery of his wife, " a taul woman, with gray eyes and a small bable just begin nin' to wank, who have been appropriated by "a taul pok markt feller with red hare." —A Mississippi girl who was graduated at a Northern boarding-school two years ago., has Liken to farming, and tlie result? were at the end of tho first year, eight banks of potatoes, six hundred bushels of com, and $969 in cash after all expenses were paid. —While their Brazilian Majesties, when at Naples, were paying a visit to the Azure Grotto a man fell overboard and would un doubtedly have perished had not the Empress dived after him, and at the peril of her own august life held him by the hair until assist ance came. —Marriage between kindred in Russia, however distant, even unto so-called "forty second cousins," is against the law, and con sidered by all Russians as an abomination. Neither may a young person marry a god parent,, tlie latter coming under the bead of "spiritual relations." —The Supreme Court of thé United States having doeided that a husband can recover damages for the loss of his wife-proportioned to her usefulness and capacity to earn money, a Boston man whose spouse perished in a recent railway accident was allowed by a dis criminating jury exactly six cents. —A few Sundays ago several ' 'court" belles, impious and fond of tlie "Boston," were caught by the sexton dancing tba mazy meas ure witli their equally impious beaux in the vestibule of a fashionable Washington church to the tune of "Come, Ye Disconsolate," •which was being sung at the time by the choir. , 1 —Jones and his wife were always quarrel ing about their comparative talent for keep ing a fire. She insisted that just so surely äs lie attempted to rearrange the sticks with tho tongs, he put the fire out. One night the church bell sounded an alarm, ana Jones Bprang for bis fire-bucket, eager to rush to the conflagration. "Mr. Jones," cried hla wife, as he reached the door, "Mr. Jones, take the tongs! " How Near Ben Wade Came t» Being a Cbleagoan. Ben Wade is an older man than most people supposes, lie having been bom at Feeding Hills, parish of West Springfield, Mass., October 27th, 1800. In 1818, when 18 years of age, he chopped cord wood at Ashtabula, Ohio, for fifty centsper cord. He had walked on foot from New York to this, and was on his way to Detroit and Chicago, where he proposed to settle. Winter overtook him at Ashtabula, and to cam bis board he built a cabin, and, as before stated, chopped wood. It was bis intention to cross the lake by boat early in the spring to Detroit, and then finish the journey to Chicago on foot. HU brother, who lived at Ashtabula, persuaded Wade to give up going further West, and in 1821-'22 he taught school in winter, and grabbing du ring bummer months. Being now in his twenty-third year, he longed to revisit his home, and hired himself to a drover, whom lie assisted in taking a herd of cattle to New York. Wade conducted the lead ox, and his earthly property was contained in a small carpet-sack tied behind the ox's horns. In 1823 he worked as a day laborer on the Erie canal, where Mr. Seward saw him using the wheelbarrow and shovel. Mr. Seward after wards, in referring to this great work, said in one of hU speeches delivered on tlie floor of the Senate: "I know one American who labored on the great improvement, and he sits to-day among us, one of the most talented and able members of this body." (Pointing to Mr. Wade.) Japanese Breach of Promise. After a Japanese lover lias proven false to bis vows, the deserted müden rises at about two o'clock in the morning, and dons a white robe and high sandals or clogs. Her coif is a metal t4pou, in which arc thrust three lighted candles; around her neck she hangs a mirror, which falls upon her bosom; in her left hand she carries a small straw figure—the effigy of her faithless in ver-, and in her right she grasps a hammer and nail, with which she nails it to one of the sacred trees that surround the shrine. Then she prays for the death of the traitor, vowing that if her petition be heard she will herself pull out the nails which offend the god by wounding tlie mystic tree. Night after night she conies to the shrine, and each night strikes in two or more nails, believing that every nail will shorten her lover's life; for the god to save his tree, will surely strike him dead. It is a curious illustration of the hold superstition yet has on the Japanese mind. Tb« Tear 187*. The year 1872 contains fifty-two Sundays. September and December each beginning on a Sunday. January, April and July on Mon day. October Is the only month beginning on Tuesday. February began and ended on Thursday. Consequently we had five Thurs days, which will not occur again until the year 1900. The year 1880, February will have five Sundays, which will not occur again lay until the year 1920. The year 1871 began on Sunday and ended on Sunday. This will occur again In 1882, and ever}' eleventh year thereafter. GENERAL ITEMS. Chicago is putting up $12,000,000 worth of hotels." —Sixteen railways in England own 8,400 locomotives. —Four people meet a violent death every day in New York city. A three-eighths interest in the Toledo Blade has just been sold for $80,000. —A million dollars in gold, according to the figures at the mint, weighs just atout two tons. The subscriptions for the proposed m ment to General Thomas, in New York, ! reached $2,720. Nearly two thousand farms were taken and improved in Washington Territory last year by actual settlers. monu , have Wilson (Republican) and Burnett (Demo- - (crat), candidate for Congress in Oregon, opened th? campaign at Portland on the 15th* Two things indicate an obscure understand ing—to be silent when we ought to converse, sn.t to speak when we should be silent.— : [Saadi. Dr. Franklin says that "every little frag ment of the day should be saved." The mo ment the day breaks set yourself at once to save the pieces. Wherever there is tpuch to offend, there is ; much to pardon; and Where there is anything to pardon, be sure there is something to love. —[George Sand. Mb. Stewart's fortune is estimated at be tween fifty and sixty millions. Comfortable *j amount when there is a margin of ten mil lions to'guess by. Thb price asked for the Indianapolis Sen tinel establishment is $175,000; and L. G. Matthews, of the New Albany Ledger, <is to be the purchaser. Religion is the basis upon which civil gov ernment rests—that from which power de rives its anthority, laws their efficacy, and both their sanction. —The average value of the direct trade be tween Great Britain tnd New York for the past year has been estimated in round num bers at $280,000,000. TnE Selma (Ala.) Time» speaks of Gen. Longstreet ns "disgustingly degraded," be cause be believes that the war is over and that the rebel cause is really lost. Tot is, who in 1880.was going to call the roll o* 11 L slaves from Bunker Hill in short orde is figuring as an attorney for an inves tigating committee in Georgia. —The students in the New England colleges tue about to try the question in the courts as to the right of a college to require the attend ance of American citizens at prayer. ' —The marriage of two sons of the second wife to two daughters of the third wife of the same man is a curious event, which is said to have occurred in Essex county, Virginia. The second wife of tlie late S. F. B. Morse, father of the telegraph, is a deaf mute gradu ate of the New York City Institute. Her prop erty is worth £500,000 bequeath»! by him. —The most stupendous canal In the world is one in China, which passes over two thou sand miles, and to forty-two cities. It was commenced as far back as the tenth century. ■Mr. Siemens, the well known English mich the sea. Mrs. Hoes, of California, not 1 down a 220 pound buck while out he recently, but carried the hindquarters home herself. Hence the familiar saying, "Strong as a boss.'' "All Flesh is Grass—Half a Ton of It Gone to the Grave," is the feeling way in which the Cincinnati Enquirer heads a notice of tlie death of Mrs. Amelia Brooks, who weighed over 900 pounds. •At a California fair recently, several bot tles of strained honey were put on exhibition, when a chap put a bottle of castor-oil with the rest. The opinion of all who tried it was. that the toe that made it was a fraud. —Henry Ward Beecher's congregation is reported to have contributed last year $250, 000 to charitable and religious purposes at home and abroad. If that be true, it must be admitted that Beecher preaches to some effect. —According to recent accounts, famine and pestilence still prevail in the once mighty empire of Persia. Such is the destruction of the population that it will not be strange if the remainder of the people be ere long swept out of existence. ' —The longest bridge in the world is the Tensas and Mobile bridge, at the city of Mobile. It is fifteen mUes long, crossing both rivers, where there are draws. It is supported on iron cylinders driven into the bed of the morass. Two facts seem patent with reference to the Cincinnati Convention. One is, that it will have absolutely to depend for its success on a combination with the Democrats ; and the other, that such a combination is necessa rily fatal to any reforms which its authors and participants may seek. The inventor of hydrate of chloral has Introduced a new organic compound called croton-chloral, by which it is claimed, the head may be rendered insensible while the other parts of the body remain unaffected. It promises to produce all the good effect« of hydrate of chloral, without any drawbacks. TnE Sacramento Vnion estimates that there is or will be planted in wheat this year all over California an area one-fourth greater than that of any proceeding year, and thinks the total yield of the State may be over 26, 000,000 of bushels, of which not more than 8,000,000 will be needed for home consump tion.