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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
R. E. FI8K, - - - - Editor. THCBSMT, MAY 30, 187*. PEBTAimilG VO TWB JUDICIARY, PTC. Upon Authority of letter #d vices from the Capital, the statement is made, that the official decaptation of Judge Murphy, of the First District, is soon to take place. Such, at least, ia the announcement which Hi« Excellency, the Governor, is credited with publicly mak ing at Virginia. Governor Potts, we are in formed, goes so far as to name Judge Mur phy's successor, who, he states, will be Mr. P. G. Servis, a lawyer of Outfield, Mahoning County, Ohio. This gentleman is personally unknown to us; sod we do not remember to have previously beard of him, save as he figured in Washington bolding the duplicate of a double-headed endorsement furnished by His Excellency, to fill the vacancy on the Bench caused by the resignation of Chief Justice Warren. We have steadily and con sistently interposed our objections, joined to those of the Bar of the Territory, to the re moval of Judge Murphy. Unscrupulous men, however, have not halted these six months in their nefarious schemes to accomplish bis overthrow. It will be a cruel hardship and injustice to the Judge if his enemies succeed at hup in displacing him from the Bench. We «hall fully believe another change in the Judiciary has been brought about when the appointment of Judge Murphy's successor is officially announced—not before. To Mr. Servis, whom His Excellency, the Governor, so mach desires to import from Ohio and foist upon this Territory in a judi cial capacity, let ns say : Your presence in Montana as Judge, or in any other official position, is not desired by our people. In the condition and frame of mind in which the people of Montana now are, your reception as an office-holder sent from abroad to rule or govern over them, would be neither com forting or cheering to yon. You may be a good man, and able and honest ; but you are not needed any the more on that acccunt to hold office in this country. You may be a first-class lawyer fat all we know, but we have a seme of such who are first-class too, and who, from long residence and practice here, are your peers in legal qualifications adapted to the Ter rito ry . Numbers of our officials have been imported from the States and billeted upon the Territory. Some of these officers have proven, themselves ex cellent persons, and made themselves accept able and popular with our citizens. Others have shown themselves tricksters and rascals, and the country and people have suffered greatly through their forced presence among ml /We favor citizen immigration to any extent; but we distinctly avow that die good folks of the Territory offer no encourage ment nor the country any inducement to the further colonization of office-holders. What offices there are to fill in any of the depart ments, plenty of home material abounds to supply them. For these among many other reasons, which we have not opportunity at this witting to amplify, we counsel Mr. Ser vis to stick to his Ohio law practice and not go " fooling around " the Territories after a paltry Judgeship. Aft AWm.BII.ElUU. The Concord (N. H.) Monitor is authority for saying that the leading Democratic papers and politicians had pretty much made up their minds to swallow the Cincinnati nominations, whatever they might be. But they had no serious thought of being invited to swallow Horace Greeley, And yet, what better can the Democracy do ? Alone they are utterly powerless to defeat die re-election of Gen. Grant To nominate a Democratic candidate against Greeley, then, would, in its practical and immediate consequences, be equivalent to nominating Grant himself. It is a difficult strait the Democracy find themselves placed in. To take Greeley, is to take a pill such as Democracy never took before—one which may cure and may kill. While to reject Greeley Is certain death. It is an awful dilemma for a party tobe in, where its leaders are obliged to choose between possible life with humiliation, and certain death. How they will finally choose, it is not easy to pre dict ; and the country will wait with impa tience to Bee. UNlTE»;rO TWEYTt ACKER. Mr. Geo. Foote is in receipt of a letter from Delegate Clagett, stating that the new mining bill was amended in no important particular, except the limiting of placer entries to twenty acres per man. Let our placer miners make a note of this, us a guide to their locations in future. Hon. Geo. G. Stubs, having been reported hy a correspondent writing this paper from Jefferson, as one among a number of aspir ants for Congress, denies in a card over his own signature, published to-day, the truth of the report. We are personally knowing to the fact that overtures made to the Judge by influential Republicans of Lewis and Clarke, to induce him to become a candidate for Delegate before the approaching Convention, were declined, he refusing to give up his lucrative law practice for the uncertainties and annoyances of political life. Fatiiss McMahon, the Catholic priest who accompanied the first Fenian raid into Cana da and was captured and confined for two years in a Canadian prison, died in Indiana a few days ago. BEPKTITIOÜ OP HISTORY. How true it is that " History repeats itself." The fact that it does, is plainly manifested in the political affairs of the United States. The condition of the country right years ago is still fresh in the minds of most of our readers. We were in the last year of the war. The administration of Mr. Lincoln was giving general satisfaction, except to rebels and copperheads. Popular sentiment was decidedly in favor of renominating a President who was doing so well in the great office he was filling. Yet a few malcontents early in the canvass began to doubt the pro priety of such action, and at length took open ground against Mr. Lincoln as a candi date. Prominent in this movement wss Mr. Horace Greeley, whose paper became the organ of the anti-administration party, which culminated in a convention at Cleveland, where Fremont and Cochrane were nomi nated for Présidait and Vice-President. TTils movement had less support after the convention than it had before. The present so-called Liberal Republican movement was conceived in the same spirit that instigated the opposition to Mr. Lincoln, and it is noteworthy that it is supported in the main by the same persons. Greeley was the leader of the rebellion of 1864, and he is the most prominent in that of 1873. The Chicago Tribune, or its proprietors, were ad vocates of the Cleveland Convention, and they have now joined the Cincinnati move ment. BOYTAYA INDIAN WAR CLAIYK8. The New York Tribune, of the 12th inst., in noticing the hearing before the House Mil itary Committee of persons interested in the Montana Indian war claims, says : These claims amount in all to nearly $1,000,000, and are for horses, provision, forage, and all kinds of materials used for equipping and transporting a military force, furnished by citizens of Montana to the Territorial author ities, in the expectation that the United States would assume the debt and pay the claims. Congress has been very reluctant to act upon the claims, but in 1870 the Secretary of War was directed to cause them to be examined, and report what amount was equitably due the claimants. Inspector-General Hardie was selected to do this work, and a result of his labors is a recommendation for the pay ment of about half a million dollars. He rejected many of the claims aitirely, and nearly all those he allowed he cut down from 25 to 50 per cent., acting upon information be obtained as to the market prices of the articles in Montana at the time they were fur nished. There is a numerous lobby here urging the payment of the claims as allowed by Hardie, there being no expectation of getting more than he recommended. A CABS. RAOKBsnro, M. T., May 22, 1872. To the Editor of tbe IIcntkL I see by a communication from this place, in your paper of the 20th inst, that lam a rival of other gentlemen named as candidates, and, to use the elegant language of the scrib bler, "doing my level best," for Congress. Whoever penned that letter must have known that he was writing a falsehood. You, and all of my friends, know that I am not a can didate. It is stooping a great deal to notice such **a thing," but, some who read it might believe that, instead of being here attending strictly and only to my professional business, I was "bumming around lively" in politics. Very truly, G. G. 8YMSS. Now hoist the name of " U. 8. Grant, sub ject to tbe decision of the Baltimore Conven tion.— Omette. Tbe above advice is addressed to the Her ald. The inference is that our cotemporary, after all its bush-whacking attacks upon tbe Présidait, is in favor of Grant for a second term. Grant, os it knows, is our first choice, but we prefer his nomination to come from the Republicans at Philadelphia instead of the Democrats at Baltimore. We don't know how it will be to-morrow, but to-day the only discernable difference between the Herald and Gazette on the Presidential question is, that the one is for Grant at Phil adelphia, under Republican auspices, and the other for Grant at Baltimore, under Dem ocratic auspices._ Tin figures reach us in this shape : 640 40 What sum? $ 26,600 1 nephew of his uncle " claims this Oub city cotemporary this morning as much as says that Grant may be taken up hy the Democrats and nominated by the Baltimore Convention. We confess to great surprise that the Gazette , in the face of its years of gross slander and abuse of the President, should dare to suggest such a possibility. If our neighbor and its political friends are pre paring to come over to the Republican stand ard-bearer and his patriotic legions, let their intentions be known at once, and this con temptible skulking in Democratic and Liberal Republican camps cease instanter. The politics of the Gazette fairly summed qp, amount to about this : Tuesdays and Wednesdays—Democratic. Thursdays and Fridays—Liberal Repub lican. Saturdays and Sundays—Labor Reform. Mondays—No issue ; but, as the saying is, " silence is golden so the nuggets of its political love are supposed to volubly clink for Mrs. Woodhull on that day. »KONTI EM rROTECTlOY. We are favored by Mr. G»«tt with the following letter, transmitting a copy of his bill "authorizing the issue of a supply of arms to the authorities of the Territoiy of Montana." The act has been substantially anticipated bv advices already spread before the public by the Herald, but we lay both the letter and bill before our readers for fuller information of all concerned : Washington, May 18th, 1872. To the Editor of tbe Herald. Inclosed yog will find bill, which will speak for itself. The bill has passed both houses, and the arms will be shipped in a «lay or two—just as soon as the bill lias been sUmed by tbe President, and a certified copy obtained from the State Department. The guns are the breech-loading Springfield musket—the finest arm in the service. Their distribution will, I hope, add to the security of the frontier. Truly Yoara, WM. H. CLAOETT. AN ACT To sothorize the issue of « supply of amis to the Ter ritory of Montana. Be it enacted by the Senate and Home of Rcpreeentatiee* of the United State » of Amer - ica in Congre»* assembled, That the Secretary of War be, and he is hereby, instructed, without delay, to cause one thousand effective breech-loading rifled muskets and two hun dred thousand cartridges to be forwarded to and placed at the disposal of the governor of the Territory of Montana, delivered at Vir ginia City, in said Territoiy, for distribution among the settlers of the Gallatin Valley and other exposed localities in said Territory, for home defense against Indian raids ; and the governor of said Territory, in making said distribution, shall take from the parties to whom they may be distributed good and suffi cient security for the return of said arms to the United States after the necessity for their use has cease«!. " Who in h—11 can we elect if not Greeley?" roared a profane, red-hot, fire-eating Demo crat yesterday. We are not much acquainted with the Democratic favorites down there, but surely the party can't expect to succeed with an outside candidate. It is said that careful inquiries into the em ployments of 220 delegates, elected by seven teen States to tbe National Republican Con vention at Philadelphia show that the only Federal officers among them are tbe follow ing : One Collector of Customs, one Collec tor of Internal Revenue, two United States Marshals, three Postmasters, one Pension Agent, one District Attorney, and three De puty Marshals—thirteen in all. Of these, six are from the State of Kentucky, which sends also sixteen delegates who are not office holders, and three from Pennsylvania, which sends also fifty, delegates who are not office holders. A letter from Winona to the Chicago Time* earnestly urges the nomination of Gen. Hancock by the Democratic party. The Minnesota Democracy are generally enthusi astic admirers of Hancock, and believe him to be of all others the nun to pit against Grant ; and we are not altogether sure that be would not prove a ùaugerou» adversary. For his war record is excellent, and with the exception of a little splurge for political cap ital in New Orleans, be has minded bis own business in a modest, inoffensive, soldierly fashion, which is admirable in a man who is so prominently put forward by his admirers for the Presidency, and who has consequently so many temptations to slop over. As an indication of the effect of high rents in New York city, it is stated that there are at present forty-five stores on the ground floor to let on Broadway with rents ranging from $1,500 to $12,000. A number of tbe stores have been to let over a year, tbe pro prietors having put exorbitant figures for tbe rent, and rather than take a less sum have allowed them to remain empty. is of in Gen. John P. C. Shanks, one of the ablest members in the Lower House of Congress, has kindly furnished us with a copy of his speech on "Indian Affairs," recently delivered in the House of Representatives. It is an ex cellent and meritorious document, embracing historical matter of great interest in reference to existing treaties between the Government and certain of the Indian tribes of the coun try. _ The Society of the Army of the Potomac met nt Cleveland on the 7th. Gen. Burnside was elected President; Gen. G. II. Sharpe, Recording Secretary; Gen. W. C. Church, Correspondifig Secretary ; Gen. H. E. Davis, Jr., Treasurer. The next meeting will be at New Haven, Conn., in May, 1873. The following epitaph will he put on Maz zini's tomb : "Tribute of nomage to Guiseppe Mazzini. His body to Genoa, his name to the centuries, his soul to humanity." Garri baldi is honorary President of the Monument Committee. The steamers of the Inman line arc nauuxl after cities, the White Star line after oceans and seas, the National line after nations, the Williams & Guioa after American States, the Cunard after islands and colonies and the French line after eminent men. Victor Hugo says of the Paris gamin-. " There are two things of which he is the Tantalus, which he is always wishing for, but never attains—the overthrow of the gov ernment, and to get his trousers mended." f The second track through Mont Genus tun nel has been laid and opened, and the double track is now in actual use. Our Deep Creek Valley Letter. Deep Creek Valley—Sisck-Growini, Africolisre, and Yllaln*—Thonip ■on't Caleb, and What Is Using There—military Chanpes-PolUlcal. Deep Creek Valley, May 20, 1872. To the Editor of the Herald : The valley of the Deep creek is looking beautifully bright and green. Copious show ers of rain have stimulated vegetation greatly here, and I doubt if any other section of the Territory can show more abundantly tbe favors of spring. The success which at tended certain ' exptniments in agriculture, last season, by a few ranchmen in this valley, has induced others to break considerable land for cereals and root crops this year. Grass is rich and most abundant ; in fact, has been during the winter in the lower valley of this creek. Over the divide, in the valley of the Musclesheli, there seems to be a perennial summer. One or two sagacious ranchmen of the Missouri valley had the foresight to take advantage of this remote but favored section, and by driving over their stock and wintering there, have suffered none of what others have called ill luck in the loss of cat tle. Messrs. Barter, Clark, Pratt «& Majors, Sherman, Greenwood, and others, all located in the vicinity of Camp Baker, have met with no loss in stock worthy of mention dur ing all the late long and unprecedentedly severe winter. "Facts arc stubborn things." Statistics will show a smaller percentage in the loss of cattle during lost winter tban in any other section of Montana. Nature has been as lavish in her favors to this section in mineral as in agricultural re sources. Prospectors make cheering reports of gold and silver deposits in the mountain ranges which wall in the valley. The prin cipal mining camp in this vicinity is Thompson's gilch. Near the beads of Camus and Birch creeks, and about ten miles from Camp Baker. This camp is well known throughout the Territoiy as yielding a quality of dust which has al ways brought the highest price in the market. The following named companies have been busily engaged In erecting telegraphs for hy draulic work on the bars: Smith Bros., and Sam Alleb&ugh, (or the California Company) Timble & Collins and B. F. Johnson. At the head of the gulch Crittenden & Anderson, Rice & Williams, Hemingav & Young, r.nd Jackson & Co., are all ready to commence work on their respective claims. A new sil ver lode has been located at the head of Birch creek, by McLain and Scanlin. Considerable excitement now exists at Thomson, in conse quence of a report that certain prospectors have struck fabulously rich diggings just over the divide in the vicinity of Duck creek; the lucky prospectors while exhibiting their dust, (which they claim was washed from dirt which yielded from 25 cts. to $2 50 per pan) declined to hint, even, of the locality of their new El Dorado. Such a locality, however, can not long remain a secret, for parties are scour ing the contiguous country in every direction, and we may soon hear of the truth or falsity of the report. Thompson's gulch bears evi dences of unusual life this season, thus far, and we hope to hear of an unprecedented yield of the precious metal as soon as work is fairly in progress. "G" Company, of the 7th Infantry, have been relieved from duty at Baker, by "H" Com pany of the same Regiment, and are now en route to Fort Shaw. We hear that a meeting of the Territorial Central Republican Committee has been called for May 25th The coming contest is but little thought of in this section, but we will doubtless be heard from when the skirmish ing commences. Yours, etc. HAMILTON. Jim Davenport, a Wall street broker and "sport" generally, has taken up the wager which the Hon. John Morrissey offered through a card in the New York Herald on the morning after the nomination of Horace Greeley. The parties met at a saloon on Broadway and put up their money. The fol lowing is the shape in which Morrissey's banter appeared in the Herald: To the Editor of the Nere York Herald: As the Hon. norace Greeley has been nomi nated by the Cincinnati Convention for Pres ident of the United States, I wish to make three propositions : First, I will bet $5,000 that he will carry the State of New York; second, I will bet $5,000 he will carry the State of Pennsylvania ; third, I will bet $5, 000 he is elected President of the United States, providing that the Democratic party make no nomination ; one-half of the amount ($7,500) to be put up when the bet is taken, the balance ($7,500) to be put up thirty days before the election. The above propositions are opoi for ten «lays. JOHN MORRISSEY. Horace Greei.ey relinquishes his place as editor-in-chief of the Tribune, pending the Presidential campaign, or "until further notic." Here's his card: "The Tribune has ceased to be a party or gan, hut the unexpected nomination of its editor at Cincinnati seems to involve it in new embarrasments. All must be aware that the position of the journalist who is at the same time a candidate is at best irksome and diffi cult, that he is fettered in action and restrained in criticism by the knowledge that whatever he may say or do is closely scanned by thou sands eager to find in it what may be inter preted so as to annoy or perplex those who are supporting him as candidate, and to whom his shackled condition will not allow him to be serviceable. The undersigned, therefore, withdraws absolutely from the conduct of the Tribune, and henceforth, until further notice, will exercise no control or supervision over its columns. SlgaeJ. HORACE GREELEY." The editorial management of the Tribune falls on Whitelaw Reid. It has been stated that the Dominion Gov ernment was to give the Canada Pacific Rail road a subscription of $20,000,000, scattered over ten years. It appears now, from a re mark made in Parliament by Mr. Gladstone, that the Imperial Government has agreed to guarantee a Canadian loan of £2,500,000 ster ling for the construction of a railway to the Pacific, provided Canada should accept the Washington treaty. That, perhaps, accounts for the ready acceptance of the treaty by Canada. Adroit» of the wood-chopper of Chippa qua. It is stated that the day after his nomi nation, Horace Greeley walked to his farm, took off ids coat, and 8]>ent three hours in chopping wood. He handled the ax with the scientific vigor of a Maine lumberman. After chopping a great deal of wood, varying the exercise with an occasional drink from an old-fashioned spring. Dr. Greeley rctume<l to a hotel near the depot and dined on chicken pot pie. _ John M. Barclay, the Journal Clerk of the lower house of Congress, has held the posi tion for over thirty years. He is th«r author of "Barclay's Digest," which is considered the best parliamentary manual ever published, and has been the prop and mainstay of the Speakers for many terms. It is the deliberate opinions of the Speakers and ex-Spcakers of the House that for the past fifteen or twenty years Barclay has not his equal as a parlia mentarian. _ There is great excitement in the Lake Su perior region in consequence of gold discov eries at Jackfish Lake, about 75 miles north of Thunder Bay. The mine is thought by r C ap. True to be the highest on the continent, and he said some of the specimens of ore which he had picked up would yield $20,000 to the ton. There is mach prospecting in consequence of these reports. Some of the London newspapers do not favor the renomination of General Grant for the Presidency. Those "hlarsted Ameri cans, you know," never could please their English cousins. However, when the A la bama question is satisfactorily disposed of, we may then talk to them about the Presi dency. __ Thu is a good time to plant cats. The cat should be prepared with a boot-jack, revol ver, or some other utensil, and then planted under a plum tree. If you have not got a plum tree, plant anywhere. Plant all you can plant, and plant deep. This branch of agriculture is much neglected. What Mr. Greeley knows about rural pur suits is epitomized by Punch in the advice to farmers to "sow their P's, keep their U's warm, hive their B's, shoot their J'a, fee«l their 'N's, l«x>k after their potatoes' IV, and take their E's." A Democratic paper in Kentucky repre sents no inconsiderable amount of the feeling of its party when it says: "We advise Democrats to be quiet. We cannot vote for Grunt, and it is very distasteful to shout for Greeley. We have waited long for a chance. " The Time*, of Marshall, Iowa, is an out and-out Wilson paper. It is for James F. Wilson for President, Henry Wilson for Vice President, and James Wilson, of Tama, for Congress in the new Fifth District. Tub Amnesty bill, having passed both Houses of Congress, was promptly signed hy the President. Davis and Breckenridge and about 200 other persons are excepted from its provisions.__ The United States now manufactures yearly pig iron to the amount of $202,000,000 ; wool to the amount of $176,000 ? and cotton $170, 000,000 ; making the total of the three staples $548,000,000.__ Mr. Greeley's persistent devotion to the business of wood-chopping is explained on the theory that he wants to provide timber for plenty of Greeley clubs. New Jersey and West Virginia instruct for Grant. Beecher oa Darwin. Mr. Beecher recently preached a sermon ou Progressive Christian Manhood, taking as his text the first eleven verses of the first chapter of the second epistle of Peter. In the course of his sermon he thus allude«! to what is known as the Darwinian theory : It is of little consequence to me where I came from; it is of a great deal of consequence to me to know where I am going. There are a great many men at the present day investigating the road which has brought man up to the present state, and I confess to a curiosity in the mat ter, and I do not say that these" researchers may not be of benefit. I reganl the labors of Mr. Darwin with profound interest, believing that the world will in time accord him a grew deal of credit. Although I am not prepare«! to accept all his speculations, I thank him for all his deductions of fact. I do not partici pate a particle with those that drea«l the idea of man's having sprung from some lower form of existence; all Iask is that you show me how I got clear from monkeys and then I am quite satisfied to have had one tor an ances tor fifty centuries ago. (Laughter.) Only make the ilifference great enougli and I am content. I had just as lieve spring from a monkey as from some men I know around here. (Renewed laughter.) I look upon the Patagonians ">rthe miserable crawling Es quimaux and I d-jtt't see much to choose be tween them and any latent animalhood. I don't care so much about that thing, for 1 liave never been there. I had no early asso ciations a great while ago. I have not the least recollection of what huppened a million of years ago. All my life is looking forward. I want to know where I am going; I don't care where I came from.