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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, May 30, 1872, Image 4

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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
R. E. FI8K, - - - - Editor.
THCBSMT, MAY 30, 187*.
PEBTAimilG VO TWB JUDICIARY,
PTC.
Upon Authority of letter #d vices from the
Capital, the statement is made, that the official
decaptation of Judge Murphy, of the First
District, is soon to take place. Such, at least,
ia the announcement which Hi« Excellency,
the Governor, is credited with publicly mak
ing at Virginia. Governor Potts, we are in
formed, goes so far as to name Judge Mur
phy's successor, who, he states, will be Mr.
P. G. Servis, a lawyer of Outfield, Mahoning
County, Ohio. This gentleman is personally
unknown to us; sod we do not remember to
have previously beard of him, save as he
figured in Washington bolding the duplicate
of a double-headed endorsement furnished by
His Excellency, to fill the vacancy on the
Bench caused by the resignation of Chief
Justice Warren. We have steadily and con
sistently interposed our objections, joined to
those of the Bar of the Territory, to the re
moval of Judge Murphy. Unscrupulous men,
however, have not halted these six months in
their nefarious schemes to accomplish bis
overthrow. It will be a cruel hardship and
injustice to the Judge if his enemies succeed
at hup in displacing him from the Bench.
We «hall fully believe another change in the
Judiciary has been brought about when the
appointment of Judge Murphy's successor is
officially announced—not before.
To Mr. Servis, whom His Excellency, the
Governor, so mach desires to import from
Ohio and foist upon this Territory in a judi
cial capacity, let ns say : Your presence in
Montana as Judge, or in any other official
position, is not desired by our people. In the
condition and frame of mind in which the
people of Montana now are, your reception
as an office-holder sent from abroad to rule
or govern over them, would be neither com
forting or cheering to yon. You may be a
good man, and able and honest ; but you are
not needed any the more on that acccunt to
hold office in this country. You may be a
first-class lawyer fat all we know, but we
have a seme of such who are first-class too,
and who, from long residence and practice
here, are your peers in legal qualifications
adapted to the Ter rito ry . Numbers of our
officials have been imported from the States
and billeted upon the Territory. Some
of these officers have proven, themselves ex
cellent persons, and made themselves accept
able and popular with our citizens. Others
have shown themselves tricksters and rascals,
and the country and people have suffered
greatly through their forced presence among
ml /We favor citizen immigration to any
extent; but we distinctly avow that die good
folks of the Territory offer no encourage
ment nor the country any inducement to the
further colonization of office-holders. What
offices there are to fill in any of the depart
ments, plenty of home material abounds to
supply them. For these among many other
reasons, which we have not opportunity at
this witting to amplify, we counsel Mr. Ser
vis to stick to his Ohio law practice and not
go " fooling around " the Territories after a
paltry Judgeship.
Aft AWm.BII.ElUU.
The Concord (N. H.) Monitor is authority
for saying that the leading Democratic papers
and politicians had pretty much made up their
minds to swallow the Cincinnati nominations,
whatever they might be. But they had no
serious thought of being invited to swallow
Horace Greeley, And yet, what better can
the Democracy do ? Alone they are utterly
powerless to defeat die re-election of Gen.
Grant To nominate a Democratic candidate
against Greeley, then, would, in its practical
and immediate consequences, be equivalent
to nominating Grant himself. It is a difficult
strait the Democracy find themselves placed
in. To take Greeley, is to take a pill such as
Democracy never took before—one which
may cure and may kill. While to reject
Greeley Is certain death. It is an awful
dilemma for a party tobe in, where its leaders
are obliged to choose between possible life
with humiliation, and certain death. How
they will finally choose, it is not easy to pre
dict ; and the country will wait with impa
tience to Bee.
UNlTE»;rO TWEYTt ACKER.
Mr. Geo. Foote is in receipt of a letter
from Delegate Clagett, stating that the new
mining bill was amended in no important
particular, except the limiting of placer
entries to twenty acres per man. Let our
placer miners make a note of this, us a guide
to their locations in future.
Hon. Geo. G. Stubs, having been reported
hy a correspondent writing this paper from
Jefferson, as one among a number of aspir
ants for Congress, denies in a card over his
own signature, published to-day, the truth of
the report. We are personally knowing to
the fact that overtures made to the Judge by
influential Republicans of Lewis and Clarke,
to induce him to become a candidate for
Delegate before the approaching Convention,
were declined, he refusing to give up his
lucrative law practice for the uncertainties
and annoyances of political life.
Fatiiss McMahon, the Catholic priest who
accompanied the first Fenian raid into Cana
da and was captured and confined for two
years in a Canadian prison, died in Indiana a
few days ago.
BEPKTITIOÜ OP HISTORY.
How true it is that " History repeats itself."
The fact that it does, is plainly manifested
in the political affairs of the United States.
The condition of the country right years ago
is still fresh in the minds of most of our
readers. We were in the last year of the
war. The administration of Mr. Lincoln
was giving general satisfaction, except to
rebels and copperheads. Popular sentiment
was decidedly in favor of renominating a
President who was doing so well in the great
office he was filling. Yet a few malcontents
early in the canvass began to doubt the pro
priety of such action, and at length took
open ground against Mr. Lincoln as a candi
date. Prominent in this movement wss Mr.
Horace Greeley, whose paper became the
organ of the anti-administration party, which
culminated in a convention at Cleveland,
where Fremont and Cochrane were nomi
nated for Présidait and Vice-President.
TTils movement had less support after the
convention than it had before.
The present so-called Liberal Republican
movement was conceived in the same spirit
that instigated the opposition to Mr. Lincoln,
and it is noteworthy that it is supported in
the main by the same persons. Greeley was
the leader of the rebellion of 1864, and he is
the most prominent in that of 1873. The
Chicago Tribune, or its proprietors, were ad
vocates of the Cleveland Convention, and
they have now joined the Cincinnati move
ment.
BOYTAYA INDIAN WAR CLAIYK8.
The New York Tribune, of the 12th inst.,
in noticing the hearing before the House Mil
itary Committee of persons interested in the
Montana Indian war claims, says : These
claims amount in all to nearly $1,000,000,
and are for horses, provision, forage, and all
kinds of materials used for equipping and
transporting a military force, furnished by
citizens of Montana to the Territorial author
ities, in the expectation that the United States
would assume the debt and pay the claims.
Congress has been very reluctant to act upon
the claims, but in 1870 the Secretary of War
was directed to cause them to be examined,
and report what amount was equitably due
the claimants. Inspector-General Hardie
was selected to do this work, and a result of
his labors is a recommendation for the pay
ment of about half a million dollars. He
rejected many of the claims aitirely, and
nearly all those he allowed he cut down from
25 to 50 per cent., acting upon information
be obtained as to the market prices of the
articles in Montana at the time they were fur
nished. There is a numerous lobby here
urging the payment of the claims as allowed
by Hardie, there being no expectation of
getting more than he recommended.
A CABS.
RAOKBsnro, M. T., May 22, 1872.
To the Editor of tbe IIcntkL
I see by a communication from this place,
in your paper of the 20th inst, that lam a
rival of other gentlemen named as candidates,
and, to use the elegant language of the scrib
bler, "doing my level best," for Congress.
Whoever penned that letter must have known
that he was writing a falsehood. You, and
all of my friends, know that I am not a can
didate.
It is stooping a great deal to notice such **a
thing," but, some who read it might believe
that, instead of being here attending strictly
and only to my professional business, I was
"bumming around lively" in politics.
Very truly, G. G. 8YMSS.
Now hoist the name of " U. 8. Grant, sub
ject to tbe decision of the Baltimore Conven
tion.— Omette.
Tbe above advice is addressed to the Her
ald. The inference is that our cotemporary,
after all its bush-whacking attacks upon tbe
Présidait, is in favor of Grant for a second
term. Grant, os it knows, is our first choice,
but we prefer his nomination to come from
the Republicans at Philadelphia instead of
the Democrats at Baltimore. We don't
know how it will be to-morrow, but to-day
the only discernable difference between the
Herald and Gazette on the Presidential
question is, that the one is for Grant at Phil
adelphia, under Republican auspices, and
the other for Grant at Baltimore, under Dem
ocratic auspices._
Tin figures reach us in this shape :
640
40
What
sum?
$ 26,600
1 nephew of his uncle " claims this
Oub city cotemporary this morning as much
as says that Grant may be taken up hy the
Democrats and nominated by the Baltimore
Convention. We confess to great surprise
that the Gazette , in the face of its years of
gross slander and abuse of the President,
should dare to suggest such a possibility. If
our neighbor and its political friends are pre
paring to come over to the Republican stand
ard-bearer and his patriotic legions, let their
intentions be known at once, and this con
temptible skulking in Democratic and Liberal
Republican camps cease instanter.
The politics of the Gazette fairly summed
qp, amount to about this :
Tuesdays and Wednesdays—Democratic.
Thursdays and Fridays—Liberal Repub
lican.
Saturdays and Sundays—Labor Reform.
Mondays—No issue ; but, as the saying is,
" silence is golden so the nuggets of its
political love are supposed to volubly clink
for Mrs. Woodhull on that day.
»KONTI EM rROTECTlOY.
We are favored by Mr. G»«tt with the
following letter, transmitting a copy of his
bill "authorizing the issue of a supply of
arms to the authorities of the Territoiy of
Montana." The act has been substantially
anticipated bv advices already spread before
the public by the Herald, but we lay both
the letter and bill before our readers for fuller
information of all concerned :
Washington, May 18th, 1872.
To the Editor of tbe Herald.
Inclosed yog will find bill, which will
speak for itself. The bill has passed both
houses, and the arms will be shipped in a
«lay or two—just as soon as the bill lias been
sUmed by tbe President, and a certified copy
obtained from the State Department. The
guns are the breech-loading Springfield
musket—the finest arm in the service. Their
distribution will, I hope, add to the security
of the frontier.
Truly Yoara, WM. H. CLAOETT.
AN ACT
To sothorize the issue of « supply of amis to the Ter
ritory of Montana.
Be it enacted by the Senate and Home of
Rcpreeentatiee* of the United State » of Amer -
ica in Congre»* assembled, That the Secretary
of War be, and he is hereby, instructed,
without delay, to cause one thousand effective
breech-loading rifled muskets and two hun
dred thousand cartridges to be forwarded to
and placed at the disposal of the governor of
the Territory of Montana, delivered at Vir
ginia City, in said Territoiy, for distribution
among the settlers of the Gallatin Valley and
other exposed localities in said Territory, for
home defense against Indian raids ; and the
governor of said Territory, in making said
distribution, shall take from the parties to
whom they may be distributed good and suffi
cient security for the return of said arms to
the United States after the necessity for their
use has cease«!.
" Who in h—11 can we elect if not Greeley?"
roared a profane, red-hot, fire-eating Demo
crat yesterday. We are not much acquainted
with the Democratic favorites down there,
but surely the party can't expect to succeed
with an outside candidate.
It is said that careful inquiries into the em
ployments of 220 delegates, elected by seven
teen States to tbe National Republican Con
vention at Philadelphia show that the only
Federal officers among them are tbe follow
ing : One Collector of Customs, one Collec
tor of Internal Revenue, two United States
Marshals, three Postmasters, one Pension
Agent, one District Attorney, and three De
puty Marshals—thirteen in all. Of these,
six are from the State of Kentucky, which
sends also sixteen delegates who are not office
holders, and three from Pennsylvania, which
sends also fifty, delegates who are not office
holders.
A letter from Winona to the Chicago
Time* earnestly urges the nomination of
Gen. Hancock by the Democratic party. The
Minnesota Democracy are generally enthusi
astic admirers of Hancock, and believe him
to be of all others the nun to pit against
Grant ; and we are not altogether sure that
be would not prove a ùaugerou» adversary.
For his war record is excellent, and with the
exception of a little splurge for political cap
ital in New Orleans, be has minded bis own
business in a modest, inoffensive, soldierly
fashion, which is admirable in a man who is
so prominently put forward by his admirers
for the Presidency, and who has consequently
so many temptations to slop over.
As an indication of the effect of high rents
in New York city, it is stated that there are
at present forty-five stores on the ground
floor to let on Broadway with rents ranging
from $1,500 to $12,000. A number of tbe
stores have been to let over a year, tbe pro
prietors having put exorbitant figures for tbe
rent, and rather than take a less sum have
allowed them to remain empty.
is
of
in
Gen. John P. C. Shanks, one of the ablest
members in the Lower House of Congress,
has kindly furnished us with a copy of his
speech on "Indian Affairs," recently delivered
in the House of Representatives. It is an ex
cellent and meritorious document, embracing
historical matter of great interest in reference
to existing treaties between the Government
and certain of the Indian tribes of the coun
try. _
The Society of the Army of the Potomac
met nt Cleveland on the 7th. Gen. Burnside
was elected President; Gen. G. II. Sharpe,
Recording Secretary; Gen. W. C. Church,
Correspondifig Secretary ; Gen. H. E. Davis,
Jr., Treasurer. The next meeting will be at
New Haven, Conn., in May, 1873.
The following epitaph will he put on Maz
zini's tomb : "Tribute of nomage to Guiseppe
Mazzini. His body to Genoa, his name to
the centuries, his soul to humanity." Garri
baldi is honorary President of the Monument
Committee.
The steamers of the Inman line arc nauuxl
after cities, the White Star line after oceans
and seas, the National line after nations, the
Williams & Guioa after American States, the
Cunard after islands and colonies and the
French line after eminent men.
Victor Hugo says of the Paris gamin-.
" There are two things of which he is the
Tantalus, which he is always wishing for,
but never attains—the overthrow of the gov
ernment, and to get his trousers mended." f
The second track through Mont Genus tun
nel has been laid and opened, and the double
track is now in actual use.
Our Deep Creek Valley Letter.
Deep Creek Valley—Sisck-Growini,
Africolisre, and Yllaln*—Thonip
■on't Caleb, and What Is Using
There—military Chanpes-PolUlcal.
Deep Creek Valley, May 20, 1872.
To the Editor of the Herald :
The valley of the Deep creek is looking
beautifully bright and green. Copious show
ers of rain have stimulated vegetation greatly
here, and I doubt if any other section of the
Territory can show more abundantly tbe
favors of spring. The success which at
tended certain ' exptniments in agriculture,
last season, by a few ranchmen in this valley,
has induced others to break considerable land
for cereals and root crops this year. Grass
is rich and most abundant ; in fact, has been
during the winter in the lower valley of this
creek. Over the divide, in the valley of the
Musclesheli, there seems to be a perennial
summer. One or two sagacious ranchmen
of the Missouri valley had the foresight to
take advantage of this remote but favored
section, and by driving over their stock and
wintering there, have suffered none of what
others have called ill luck in the loss of cat
tle. Messrs. Barter, Clark, Pratt «& Majors,
Sherman, Greenwood, and others, all located
in the vicinity of Camp Baker, have met
with no loss in stock worthy of mention dur
ing all the late long and unprecedentedly
severe winter.
"Facts arc stubborn things." Statistics
will show a smaller percentage in the loss of
cattle during lost winter tban in any other
section of Montana.
Nature has been as lavish in her favors to
this section in mineral as in agricultural re
sources. Prospectors make cheering reports
of gold and silver deposits in the mountain
ranges which wall in the valley. The prin
cipal mining camp in this vicinity is
Thompson's gilch.
Near the beads of Camus and Birch creeks,
and about ten miles from Camp Baker. This
camp is well known throughout the Territoiy
as yielding a quality of dust which has al
ways brought the highest price in the market.
The following named companies have been
busily engaged In erecting telegraphs for hy
draulic work on the bars: Smith Bros., and
Sam Alleb&ugh, (or the California Company)
Timble & Collins and B. F. Johnson. At the
head of the gulch Crittenden & Anderson,
Rice & Williams, Hemingav & Young, r.nd
Jackson & Co., are all ready to commence
work on their respective claims. A new sil
ver lode has been located at the head of Birch
creek, by McLain and Scanlin. Considerable
excitement now exists at Thomson, in conse
quence of a report that certain prospectors
have struck fabulously rich diggings just over
the divide in the vicinity of Duck creek; the
lucky prospectors while exhibiting their dust,
(which they claim was washed from dirt
which yielded from 25 cts. to $2 50 per pan)
declined to hint, even, of the locality of their
new El Dorado. Such a locality, however, can
not long remain a secret, for parties are scour
ing the contiguous country in every direction,
and we may soon hear of the truth or falsity
of the report. Thompson's gulch bears evi
dences of unusual life this season, thus far,
and we hope to hear of an unprecedented
yield of the precious metal as soon as work is
fairly in progress.
"G" Company, of the 7th Infantry, have
been relieved from duty at Baker, by "H" Com
pany of the same Regiment, and are now en
route to Fort Shaw.
We hear that a meeting of the Territorial
Central Republican Committee has been called
for May 25th The coming contest is but
little thought of in this section, but we will
doubtless be heard from when the skirmish
ing commences.
Yours, etc. HAMILTON.
Jim Davenport, a Wall street broker and
"sport" generally, has taken up the wager
which the Hon. John Morrissey offered
through a card in the New York Herald on
the morning after the nomination of Horace
Greeley. The parties met at a saloon on
Broadway and put up their money. The fol
lowing is the shape in which Morrissey's
banter appeared in the Herald:
To the Editor of the Nere York Herald:
As the Hon. norace Greeley has been nomi
nated by the Cincinnati Convention for Pres
ident of the United States, I wish to make
three propositions : First, I will bet $5,000
that he will carry the State of New York;
second, I will bet $5,000 he will carry the
State of Pennsylvania ; third, I will bet $5,
000 he is elected President of the United
States, providing that the Democratic party
make no nomination ; one-half of the amount
($7,500) to be put up when the bet is taken,
the balance ($7,500) to be put up thirty days
before the election. The above propositions
are opoi for ten «lays.
JOHN MORRISSEY.
Horace Greei.ey relinquishes his place as
editor-in-chief of the Tribune, pending the
Presidential campaign, or "until further
notic." Here's his card:
"The Tribune has ceased to be a party or
gan, hut the unexpected nomination of its
editor at Cincinnati seems to involve it in new
embarrasments. All must be aware that the
position of the journalist who is at the same
time a candidate is at best irksome and diffi
cult, that he is fettered in action and restrained
in criticism by the knowledge that whatever
he may say or do is closely scanned by thou
sands eager to find in it what may be inter
preted so as to annoy or perplex those who are
supporting him as candidate, and to whom
his shackled condition will not allow him to
be serviceable. The undersigned, therefore,
withdraws absolutely from the conduct of the
Tribune, and henceforth, until further notice,
will exercise no control or supervision over
its columns.
SlgaeJ. HORACE GREELEY."
The editorial management of the Tribune
falls on Whitelaw Reid.
It has been stated that the Dominion Gov
ernment was to give the Canada Pacific Rail
road a subscription of $20,000,000, scattered
over ten years. It appears now, from a re
mark made in Parliament by Mr. Gladstone,
that the Imperial Government has agreed to
guarantee a Canadian loan of £2,500,000 ster
ling for the construction of a railway to the
Pacific, provided Canada should accept the
Washington treaty. That, perhaps, accounts
for the ready acceptance of the treaty by
Canada.
Adroit» of the wood-chopper of Chippa
qua. It is stated that the day after his nomi
nation, Horace Greeley walked to his farm,
took off ids coat, and 8]>ent three hours in
chopping wood. He handled the ax with the
scientific vigor of a Maine lumberman. After
chopping a great deal of wood, varying the
exercise with an occasional drink from an
old-fashioned spring. Dr. Greeley rctume<l to
a hotel near the depot and dined on chicken
pot pie. _
John M. Barclay, the Journal Clerk of the
lower house of Congress, has held the posi
tion for over thirty years. He is th«r author
of "Barclay's Digest," which is considered
the best parliamentary manual ever published,
and has been the prop and mainstay of the
Speakers for many terms. It is the deliberate
opinions of the Speakers and ex-Spcakers of
the House that for the past fifteen or twenty
years Barclay has not his equal as a parlia
mentarian. _
There is great excitement in the Lake Su
perior region in consequence of gold discov
eries at Jackfish Lake, about 75 miles north
of Thunder Bay. The mine is thought by r
C ap. True to be the highest on the continent,
and he said some of the specimens of ore
which he had picked up would yield $20,000
to the ton. There is mach prospecting in
consequence of these reports.
Some of the London newspapers do not
favor the renomination of General Grant for
the Presidency. Those "hlarsted Ameri
cans, you know," never could please their
English cousins. However, when the A la
bama question is satisfactorily disposed of,
we may then talk to them about the Presi
dency. __
Thu is a good time to plant cats. The cat
should be prepared with a boot-jack, revol
ver, or some other utensil, and then planted
under a plum tree. If you have not got a
plum tree, plant anywhere. Plant all you
can plant, and plant deep. This branch of
agriculture is much neglected.
What Mr. Greeley knows about rural pur
suits is epitomized by Punch in the advice to
farmers to "sow their P's, keep their U's
warm, hive their B's, shoot their J'a, fee«l
their 'N's, l«x>k after their potatoes' IV, and
take their E's."
A Democratic paper in Kentucky repre
sents no inconsiderable amount of the feeling
of its party when it says: "We advise
Democrats to be quiet. We cannot vote for
Grunt, and it is very distasteful to shout for
Greeley. We have waited long for a chance. "
The Time*, of Marshall, Iowa, is an out
and-out Wilson paper. It is for James F.
Wilson for President, Henry Wilson for Vice
President, and James Wilson, of Tama, for
Congress in the new Fifth District.
Tub Amnesty bill, having passed both
Houses of Congress, was promptly signed hy
the President. Davis and Breckenridge and
about 200 other persons are excepted from
its provisions.__
The United States now manufactures yearly
pig iron to the amount of $202,000,000 ; wool
to the amount of $176,000 ? and cotton $170,
000,000 ; making the total of the three staples
$548,000,000.__
Mr. Greeley's persistent devotion to the
business of wood-chopping is explained on
the theory that he wants to provide timber
for plenty of Greeley clubs.
New Jersey and West Virginia instruct for
Grant.
Beecher oa Darwin.
Mr. Beecher recently preached a sermon ou
Progressive Christian Manhood, taking as his
text the first eleven verses of the first chapter
of the second epistle of Peter. In the course
of his sermon he thus allude«! to what is
known as the Darwinian theory : It is of little
consequence to me where I came from; it is
of a great deal of consequence to me to know
where I am going. There are a great many
men at the present day investigating the road
which has brought man up to the present
state, and I confess to a curiosity in the mat
ter, and I do not say that these" researchers
may not be of benefit. I reganl the labors of
Mr. Darwin with profound interest, believing
that the world will in time accord him a grew
deal of credit. Although I am not prepare«!
to accept all his speculations, I thank him for
all his deductions of fact. I do not partici
pate a particle with those that drea«l the idea
of man's having sprung from some lower form
of existence; all Iask is that you show me
how I got clear from monkeys and then I am
quite satisfied to have had one tor an ances
tor fifty centuries ago. (Laughter.) Only
make the ilifference great enougli and I am
content. I had just as lieve spring from
a monkey as from some men I know around
here. (Renewed laughter.) I look upon
the Patagonians ">rthe miserable crawling Es
quimaux and I d-jtt't see much to choose be
tween them and any latent animalhood. I
don't care so much about that thing, for 1
liave never been there. I had no early asso
ciations a great while ago. I have not the
least recollection of what huppened a million
of years ago. All my life is looking forward.
I want to know where I am going; I don't
care where I came from.

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