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« i â w Mb -CT Volume 6. Helena, Montana, Thursday, August 29, 1872. No. 40 TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION TERMS FOR TltE DAILY HERALD. Single Copy...,..............*i «"> ...fO.25 One Week..................... -in,...1.00 One Month.................. 3.50 Three Months.................................... 9 .00 One Copy Six Months............. .16.00 One Copy One Year.................. ;......v .4T.00 TMRMS FOR THE WEEKLY HERALD. OneCopyOnc Year.......... $8.00 " " Six Months.............. ...8.00 " " Three Months.......... 8.00 THE WEEKLY HERALD. PUBLISHED WEB Y THURSDAY MORNING. ( FISK BROS,, Publishers Tlmt Horrible Dinner of Crow. One Daniel, whose surname is Yoorheee— An orator mighty, yon know— Wrote a letter not long Bince declaring That, for one, he would never eat crow. The diet, he swore, was disgusting : The thought of it made him cry, " Oh !" Rut that was before the Convention ; At Baltimore all dhied on crow. The Democracy now, for a decade, Have been down in the valley of woe. And rather than stay there forever, They made up their minds to eat crow. So they pounced upon one Doctor Greeley. Who writeivaboul farming, so, so, And he decided that for the occasion He'd make a respectable crow. It was dreadfully hard to support hint, For his record was awful, you know, That is from aYTaiqmany stand-point, And then, nobody likes to eat crow. We pity the Possums and Bourbons, They stand In a sorrowful row. And think with disgust of what's coming, That horrible dinner of crow. fiEHEUALlTüns. —A Philadelphia paper says that one-half of the servant girls in that city arc drunkards. —An invention is on foot for sawing wood with a platinum wire heated red-hot by a galvanic battery. —In Switzerland a law is proposed making it unlawful for any one under 14 years of age to smoke tobacco. —A Georgia baby has a double set of jaws, all full of teeth with which to chew its food, but no eyes with which to see it. —A lake 1ms been discovered in the Cascade Mountains, Oregon, completely surrounded by a wall of rock 2,000 feet high. . * —A Michigan dag recently followed a rail road train thirteen miles, and overtook it at last. His master was on the train. —One Mrs. Archibald Kemper, of Harri son county, Indiana, was stung recently by a wasp and died in fifteen minutes thereafter. She was 00 years old. — G. A. Sala writes that in no country in the world are so many men of shining talents, of noble mind, of refined taste, boned alive as in the United States. —The learned Professor Porson had a great horror of the east wind, and Tom Sher idan is said to have once kept him.a prisoner in the house for a fortnight by fixing the weathercock in that direction. Spanish Office Seekers. A correspondent writing from Madrid gives some curious facts relative to the fre quent changes of government, or rather changes of Cabinet, which take place at the Spanish capital. In Madrid alone, we are told, there are some 80,000 office-holders, and when a Ministry fulls these people fall with it. As there have been seven changes of Ministry within two years, some idea may be formed of the chaotic state of affairs among the noble army of office-holders. Imme diately upon the forming of a Cabinet the army is " reorganized" by the retirement of all its officers, from generals to lieutenants ; the Governors of the provinces are removed ; the staffs of the bureaus and departments, and sometimes even the servants, arp dis missed. Then, as soon as the new Cabinet is known, comes ,the grand descent of office seekers upon the trail of the new Ministers. These unfortunates find too late how dearly bought their newly acquired honors are. They are literally worried to death ; they are compelled to go in hiding, to deny them selves, to take their meals in the seclusion of their departments, and steal home like thieves in the night; to avoid the theatre, their clubs, and even that much loved stroll on the Prado, which is the golden hour in each Spaniard's^ daily existence. With such a state of things, and with 80,000 hungry ex- office-holders hanging about cafes, drinking cheap wine and ventilating their grievances, it is no wonder that Spain is a land of con- spiracies and assassinations. --«•«•fH*.-- The Invention of (innpowder. When was gunpowder first invented ? Com mon tradition lias fixed the date as about the year 1207, and the inventor as a certain old English friar, known as Roger Bqcon. The Germans claim the honor of first discovery for one of their countrymen, one Bartholdus Scwhartz, also a monk. But Bartholdus made no hint of his discovery until the year 1320, fifty-three years afterward, so that Roger Bacon must remain in possession of the field until newer evidences crop up. JBut there is nothing new under the sun. After all, Bacon does not lay claim to having dis covered gunpowder, only mentioning it ns something known in his time ; and as the worthy friar had studied among the Spanish Saracens, it is not at all improbable that he drew the secret from one of their scientific books .—Once a ITech, Vanderbilt at Saratoga. [George Alfred Townsend In the Chicago Tribune ] Yonder is Vanderbilt, with an income of #12,000 a day, as one of his family admitted to me. He refuses all telegraph dispatches; will see none of his subordinates on business ; plays five-handed euchre twice a day, for two dollars and a half at each stretch; takes one carriage ride with bis wife and Mrs. Craw ford, his mother-in-law, who is about young enough to be his grand-daughter, and talks with his cronies, lie is seventy-eight years old, and if he should endeavor to realize cash for his personal railway stocks, bonds, and mortgages to-morrow there would be a finan cial panic. There is nothing suggestive about Vanderbilt, except his wealth, which, to any high-thinking man, is the superfluous and vulgar burden of a long-extended life of money-seeking—useless to him, useless to his fellow-men, and useless to his children—ex cept that he demonstrates in his life how faith can grow richer than fear. He was born a bull, in the stock sense ; that is, one who bet that whatever he bought would win. Every railway security he ever touched seemed to grow bupyant from contact with his grim Mohammedan will and predestinating con fidence. All that he ever did with the prop erty represented by such stocks was to give orders to manage it as meanly as possible, so that it should cost the least for the most re turn ; _ but to the stooks themselves he was the uplifting bull, tossing them aloft, and repre senting a broader religious faith than he ever knew in the surety of his country's judicious enterprises. No "bear" in the history of the world ever touched his mark of prosperity, and it would seem that the materialist who bets systematically that all things must lose has no better luck than the skeptic who some times grows rich in wisdom by pursuing bis doubts but at last, with all his wisdom, doubts himself. q Vanderbilt's life at seventy-eight, though always essentially a gambling life, selfish and single in his own interests, is still what one might expect of such a bull. He is never out of spirits; he is never above spirits; he is Cornelius Vanderbilt, the bull. " All is clear again above 70," he says to visitors. "My lire is eight years ahead." And he says it in the cool tone of a man wlio would take his own age even now, though prolonged eight years beyond the dispensation of God to other men, and over-issue stock upon it, and bull it up to be a security. It is a security. The stocks of his railways will show it when death, the great bear, gets Van derbilt down. Those motley and dissimilar people whom, oy freaks and spells, he takes undor his capricious protection, are guarded while his contract lasts : but what man of such riches ever picked such friends? The best of them are successful materialists like himself, all kinder and more ponderable than himself, and recommended to him by their masculine qualities, heavy health, and gross sincerity. They all admire him ; lie knows it, and en 'oys the consciousness of it without thank iov full illness or egotism. John Morrissey, who keeps the club-house around the corner, can get money from him with tho understanding that it is to be gambling capital, certain to win by the percentage in favor of the player capitalists, and to be repaid at that rate of profit, as if Vanderbilt himself were a pro prietor of the house. He has no scruples about law or appear ances; litigation, over-issue, injunction, seiz ure, are human processes to be availed of. He does pay bis stockholders, and make his roads pay their interest. His son, William Vanderbilt, assisted by one of the ablest corps of actual railroad leaders in the country, make these dividends by handling the rail ways, while Vanderbilt watches the people who bother his stocks, and, now and then descending upon the street, like a dog upon the weasel, he bites the backs in twain of hundreds of little people who would get his securities from the roost. Probably no living man has sent deserved beggary to more game sters than this old chap. He wears light breeches and a black coat and a standing collar. He is tall and straight, and white whiskered; the firmness of the mouth is giving way, and he sleeps a great deal. His wire is less than half his age, and she is agreeable! and as individual as him self. "May I ask which Mrs. Vanderbilt I am addressing?" said a gentleman soon after being introduced. "Old Mrs. Vanderbilt," she said, naively. The Tichborne Claimant. The Tichborne claimant, after a triumphal tour through the provinces of Ehglaiid, has at last returned to London, accompanied as usual by his two warm supporters, Messrs. Onslow and Whalley. He there held a mon ster meeting, at which 3,000 people are re ported to have assembled. The claimant made a speech of an hour's length, in which he attacked, as usual, the arguments that had been brought against him in the late trial, and declared that he wanted nothing more than for his fellow-countrymen to aid him in obtaining a fair trial. One Alexander Ken nedy. an ex-sergeant of carbineers, came for ward and declared the speaker to be the same Sir Roger Doughty Tichborne who had com manded him in Ireland. At the conclusion of the speeches the meeting unanimously voted a resolution to the effect the claimant was no other than Sir Roger Doughty Tich borne, and avowing that the counsel who had hitherto undertaken his defense had not done their duty. Even the press is coming over to his side, the Morning Advertiser remark ing significantly that if the claimant is really no other than Arthur Orton, it is strange that out of 3,000 persons living in the immediate viciait)' of his birth no one should have as yet been able to recognize him as the sou of the butche r of W appifi". ^ No man can ran a newspaper without in curring enmities which will rise up in solid phalanx against him when he subtracts him self from his journal. . Sleep the Best Stimulant. The pulpit, the bench, the bar, the forum, have contributed their legions of victims to drunken habits. The beautiful woman, the sweet singer, the conversationalist, the peri odical writer, have filled, but too often, the drunkard's grave. Now that the press has become such a great power in the land, when the magazine must come out on a certain day, and the daily newspaper at a fixed hour, no thing waits, everything must give way to the inexorable call for copy, and sick or well, disposed or indisposed, ' sleep or awake, the copy must come. The writer must compose his article whether he feels like jt or not, and if lie is not in the vein of writing, he must whip himself up to it by the stimulus of drink. Some of the greatest writers of .the country have confessed to the practice, on urgent occasions, of taking a sip of brandy a.t the end of every page or even often«'. It may have escaped the general reader's no. tico that more men have died young who have been connected with the New York press within ten years, and that too from in temperance, than in all the other educational callings put together—young men whose tal ents have been of the first order, and gave promise of usefulness, honor and eminence. The best possible thing for a man to do when he feels too tired to perform a task or too weak to carry it through, is to go to bed and sleep a week if he can. This is the only true recuperation of brain power, the only actual renewal of brain force. Because, during sleep the brain is in a sense of rest, in a con dition to receive and appropriate particles of nutriment from the blood, which take the place of tluise which have been consumed in previous labor, since the very act of thinking consumes, bums up solid particles, as every turn of the wheel or screw of the splendid steamer is the result of the consumption by fire of the fuel in the furnace. The supply of consumed brain substance can only be hail from the nutriment particles in the blood which were obtained from the food eaten previously, and the brain issu constituted that it can best receive and appropriate to itself those nutriment particles during the state of rest, of quiet, and of stillness in sleep. Mere ly nothing in themselves— stimulants sir they only goad tlie brain, force it to a greater consumption of substance, until that sub stance bas been so fully exhausted that there is not power enough left lo receive a supply, just as men are so near death by thinst or starvation, tbat there is not power enough left to swallow anything, and all is over. The incapacity of the brain for receiving re cuperative particles sometimes comes on with the rapidity of a stroke of lightning, and the man becomes mail in an instant, loses sense, and is an idiot. It was under circumstances of this very sort, in the very middle of a sen tenec of great oratorical power, one of the most eminent minds of the age forgot his ideas, pressed bis had upon his forehead, and after a moment's silence said, "God, as with a sponge, has blotted out my mind.' 1 Be as sured, readers, "There is rest for the weary," only in early and abundant sleep, and wise and happy are they who have firmness to re solve that "IJy God's help I will seek it in no oilier way."— Half« Journal of Health. Of the two leading branches of trout-fish ing—fly-fishing anil worm-fishing—the latter is that which of late years has been most im proved. Indeed, fishing with the worm is a branch of the angler's art which has only been recently properly cultivated, and which by many good sportsmen is, as yet, but im perfectly understood. It is no' uncommon thing, even at present, to meet with veteran fishers who, forming their ideas from bait fishing in flooded streams, sneer at worm fishing as utterly beneath the notice of the practiced angler. To each oncof our angling brethern who is a proficient in this art, and who, therefore, know its difficulty, we say, "never argue Vi ith any mere fly-fisher who despises the worm-fisher's craft. Ask him to accompany you to a well-fished stream for a day's fishing on a warm and sunny day. He will request you to lend him a few worms be fore you have been an hour at the river, when he [sees your basket beginning to fill. Give them to him and leave him to his own devices —the trout will be in little danger. Do not press the contrast between yonr well-filled creel and his empty one on your homeward route, for human nature is human nature, and he will be 'in no humor for joking for that evening at least. You may, however, recur to the subject when you meet him a few days after, and you will find him prepared to admit that clear water worm-fishing Is a worthy branch of the angler's art ."—The Gentleman's Maya tine. Another reason for the personal hostility of Schurz to the President may be found in an incident which is related by the Missouri Staats Zeitung, a German paper, whose au thority will not be questioned by the Senator with impunity : Immediately after Schurz came to Wash ington as Senator he appeared at the White House to procure ofllcc for his friends. His first request was that the office of Consul at Lyons should be given to Linderman, who had aided his election. The President con sented to make the change, and sent in the nomination. I 11 the meantime Sehurz's friends told him that the name of Osterhans was worth more to him than that of Liniler man. Thereupon Schurz waited upon the President and desired that Lindermau's name should be recalled. The nomination had already gone to the country, and the Presi dent said its withdrawal would be an unjust reflection on Linderman. Schurz persisted, and finally asserted that Linderman would not make a proper representative of the Gov ernment. After reminding him that the nomination had been made on his own re commendation, the President, indignant at the Senator's persistence, said he wonkl re call the nomination, but that he conld not consent in the future to consider the Sena tor's recommendations as conclusive if they were to be subject to such caprice and vaeil lation. A SAD DISAPPOINTMENT. The story of the rural maid's tribulations arising from the mistake of counting her chickens before they were hatched, has been duplicated in the case of the New York coa lition journals, in counting North Carolina for the Democracy before they had full re turns. The Tribune announces the assumed victory with much grandiloquence. It says, August 3d : True to its traditions, the Tribune did not announce its triumph in North Carolina be fore the vote had been counted. Yesterday we assured our readers that in our judgment the scattering, returns clearly indicated an ad ministration defeat and the election of Mer rimon. To-day, with the vote of over one third the State in, with such scattering re turns as may fairly indicate the vote of an, other third, and with the certainty that heavy Liberal gains have been made in the western part, from which returns are yet missing, we congratulate the friends of reunion and re form upon an inspiring victory at the very outset of our campaign, on the most doubt ful field we are likely to find. * * * * Well done! noble North Carolina! On your soil the first declaration of independence was made! On your soil Jefferson Davis held Ills last cabinet council, and the rebellion dissolved. On your soil Las been won the first great victory of the campaign that is to make us once more a united people. That will do pretty well for "Uncle Hor ace's" chief funglcman and editorial succes sor. He gives it in the shape of a double leaded leader, and makes it as attractive as possible with capital letters and admiration points, after the fashion of the Chappaqua farmer's fulminations. Hero is another of like character, from the Democratic World of tho same date : The "Old North State" is a traditional leader in the work of liberty. In May, 1775, her sturdy sons at Mecklenburg took their lives in their hands and drew tip that immor tal protest against British oppression, which more than a year afterward the United Colo nies of America reiterated at Philadelphia and made effectual in the Declaration of In dependence. And now in August, 1872, after the lapse of a century, the same high spirit rises against a tyranny more indecent and more attrocious than the tyranny of En glish King Qeorge. King George made war upon the pockets of his American subjects. Grant and the radicals make war upon the persons, the honor and the most sacred indi- vidual rights of their American fellow-citi- zens. Into the campaign of North Carolina they threw all the patronage, all the prestige, all tho disposable funds or their colossal or- ganization. They had not to win a fortress, but to keep it; not to subjugate, but to keep in ^subjection the State they have so long trampled upon. The most sanguine friends of right and of justice hardly hoped to see North Carolina do more than vindicate by lier stout resistance her title to the help which November must surely bring her. She has done vastly more than this. She has thrown the garrison of her oppressors over the bat- tlements, and is marshaling her forces to take an active part in the liberation of her sister States. She sends forth from her mountains and her pine forests to the listening land not a cry for deliverance, but a about of victory. She has unfurled again the flag of 1775. It meant independence then ; it means liberty now. - m x »•> ►» m - (•reclry'a "l.lfe-lonir Devotion to Truth." Senator Chandler is a rare joker. In a re cent speech lie quoted the following editorial expression from the Detroit Free Press , the Democratic Greeley organ.- "No estimation of Greeley eonld be complete which did not mention his ]ife-)ong devotion to truth." Then he quoted Greeley's denunciations of the Democracy, closing up each by rehears ing the above extract. As follows: "Every one who chooses to live by pugil ism, or gambling, or harlotry, with nearly every keeper of a tippling-house, is political ly a Democrat."— Horace Greeley. [Laugh ter.] "No estimation of Greeley would be com plete which did not mention his life-long de votion to truth."— Free Press. [Much Luughter.] "If there were not a newspaper nor a com mon school in the country, the Democratic party would be far stronger than it is."— Hor ace Greeley. [Renewed li "No ei pletc which did not mention his life-long de votion to truth ."—Free Press. [More laugh ter.] "The essential articles of the Democratic creed are, 'love rum and hate niggers.' The less one learns and knows the more certain he is to vote the regular ticket from A to Iz zard ."—Horace Greeley. [Prolonged re newed laughter.] "No estimation of Greeley would be com plete wbich did not mention bis life-long de votion to truth ."—Free Press. [Irrepressi ble and reiterated laughter.] The scene seems to have been quite dra matic. A story is told of a teacher who was talk ing to her scholars regarding the order of the highest beings. It was a very profitable subject, and one in which the children took an uncommon interest. She told them that the angels came first in perfection ; and when she asked them who came next, and was readily answered by one boy, "Man P she felt encouraged to ask, "What comes next to man ?" And here a little sharer, who was evidently stuurting under a defeat in the pre ceding question, immediately distanced all competition by promptly shouting, "His un dershirt, mn'rm?" [Renewed laughter. ] .filiation of Greeley would be com James Fisk and the Newsboy. Stories of Col. Fisk are constantly in cir culation—some true, others not; but a little inck&nt which occurred not Enany months before his death is, perhaps, one of the most touching of any that have been given to the --- sympathy to help those who needed aid. Col. Fisk had often noticed in Twenty-third street a little crippled newsboy, and one day he spoke to him In his bluff off hand manner. "Well, my boy, how's business?" " Not very good, sir," was tho reply. " What's the matter ?" * " Why, you see I'm lame and I can't sell my papers very well." . "Not a very good lookout for you, Is It? I say, roy boy, how would you like to go into business will) me ?" The boy looked perplexed and eyed the Colonel curiously. • " I think w'e might strike up a bargain. You come to the Opera house at 11 this ruôming. 1'vo got a plan for you. Now be on time." At 11 o'clock the boy was there, quite cu rious to know what the Colonel wanted. "Hulloa, boy, you're a good one. Now see here, do you know a good place for a paper stand ?" " Yfes, sir, tip-top." " Where is it ?" "Down here at the comer." " How much will a stand cost ?" "Lots of money; much as fifty or a hun dred dollars." " You don't say so ; why, that's a fortuné. Do you think there's money to be made there?" " Yes, I do. It's a first-rate place." "Well, I'll get a carpenter to make the stand and I'll stock it ; then yon shall take care of it and vre'll be partners ; you and I will go into the paper business. " Col. Fisk then arranged with the boy wbat part of the profits he should receive, told him when the stand should be ready and sent him on bis way rejoicing. The plan was very successful. Trade was good, and every week the boy carried bis share of the money to bis partner. Seeing the boy's determina 1 , Col. Fisk quietly put the money aside, and gave it aii to the boy, releasing him from tion, his contract to pay any par. of the money to himself. When Cdl„ Fisk died there was nowhere a slnccrer mourner than this little newsboy, and the little stand on the corner was heavily draped on the day of the burial. WIE AT THEY WANT IN INDIANA. [Prom the MlanaooUs Journal. 1 Grats Brown wants crabs—and reform. David Burson wants his above proof, and without sugar—and reform. Father Alvonl wants the cards shuffled, so as to give us' Greeley—and reform. Bayless W. llanna wants to be honorably exiled to the Cour t of St. James—and re form. George \V. Julian wants a little plain soda to settle his stomach, a seat in Congress— anil reform. Barton D. Able, of St Louis, wants his sureties to pay up #250,000 he is owing the Government—and reform. Tom Stillwell wants to go to South Amer ica again, where be won't have to sleep with his armor on—and reform. T. A. Hendricks wants to turn his hack on appol Car the past and rest himself In a cushioned chair at Washington—and reform. John 8. Williams wants to get tire letter he wrote to the Pension Bureau, asking for an ointment, off the files—and reform, arl Schurz wants to know what the Sen tinel meant by calling him a "mercenary Hessian who would fight on any side for pay"—and reform. Voorhees wants to know, since he has swallowed Greeley, whether be is "standing by bis life-long principles," or whether he is a "dishonest man, unworthy of his own re spect or the respect of anybody else"—and reform. —^———— • Drew» at Saratoga. A Saratoga fetter writer says: "Themen dress even worse -than the women. They enter the parlor arrayed in tweed and light traveling suits. Alpaca coats, the most com fortable and ugliest garment a man can wear —a garment without style, fit or fashion ; a garment limp, shabby and forlorn; agar ment to draw tears from the eyes of a fash ionable tailor ; a garment which is an insult to the name of garment—alpaca coats, I say, are in vogue. Half the men at the hotels wear them ; and, again, the awful thought arises : are we retrograding from the stand ard of civilization! Has American taste culminated and passed into the decline? Melancholy idea ! Are alpaca coats but a step toward white hats and white overcoats ? Is the Cinclmore Baltinati nomination but typical of the future of American dress? Ominous suggestion." A Blind Man May Hold Office. It has been decided in Iowa that a blind man may legally hold office. The circum stances of the peculiar case arc thus given by the Fort Dodge Messengen "Mr. J. M. Da vis was duly elected director of sub district No. 4, township of Sherman, Calhoun coun ty, Iowa, and was ousted because be was blind. Davis appealed to the county, and then to the State Superintendent of Schools, who decided that they had no jurisdiction, lie then caused a suit to be instituted in the District Court in the name of the Kate vs S. L. Kent, who was appointai to fill hi« place. The Court déclded that MVt Kent occupied the place illegally, and declared Mr. Davis entitled to the (rince. We do not know Mr. Kent, but presume be is a good man, yet it seems to us this is a just and righteous decis ion, as Mr. Davis is thoroughly qualified for the position,"