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Volume 7. Helena, Montana, Thursday, April 3, 1873. No. 19 TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION TERMS FOR THE DAILY HERALD. City S;ib»cribern, delivered by Carrier, per month, |3 00 One copy one,month.............................$3 00 One copy three mouths......................... 6 00 One copy six months............................ It 00 One copy one year...............................S2 00 . TERMS FOR THE WEEKLY HERALD. One year........................................£6 00 Six months.............................. 4 00 Three months....................................2 50 THE WEEKLY HERALD PUBLISHED EVERT THURSDAY MORNING. . FISK, 1 FISK- f FISK BROS,, Publishers A Ten Thousand Dollar Bible. The New York World says : In the book store of Mr. Bouton, on Broadway, there is now on exhibition what is certainly the mos* valuable copy of the Holy Bible ever com piled. It represents the industrious toil for thirty years of an English collector of Bibli cal prints, eatellings, engravings, original drawings in oil and water colors, and author tative or curious editions of the scriptures, and is now roughly valued at $10,000, though its real price may very likely prove to be very much higher. The complete text used is that of Dr. Kitto's edition of King Jame's Bible. But this is but a fractional part of the sixty huge folio volumes through which it is spread. Sometimes the reader will turn over fifty consecutive pages of illustrations be tween those scattered fragments. Such sub jects, for example, as "Susanna and the Elders," or "Daniel in the Lion's Den," are enriched with scenes of illustration drawn from every field of art—the convent missels of the mediaeval ages, the strange, fanciful, strikingly false drawing of the Italian mas ters, the grotesque works of Dutch and Ger man painters, and the later and more truth ful efforts of modern times. In all this monu ment of loving devotion to a worthy hobby, are included no less than 30,000 illustrations of various kinds, some of them from $50 to $100 each, and extracts from some thirty editions of the sacred text. Such a treasure ought speedily to find a purchaser in some of our few great libraries, where it could be an unfailing spring of delight and instruction to artists and mon of letters. End oft the Dodge JDivorcc Suit. St. Paul Dispatch to Louisville Ledger. The divorce suit of Dodge vs. Dodge has ended in a most singular manner. One of the most astonishing affidavits ever made in court, was read by the counsel for the defend ant, from the plaintiff, Mrs Dodge, on Sat urday. The affidavit sets forth that the pro ceedings against Dodge were a conspiracy, undertaken at the instance of her attorney, Finley ; that this Finley, having got her un der his power, arranged the plans to enable her to secure a divorce, the chief of which was the pretended assignation scheme of the 1st of January, in which Dodge and a Julia Fierce figured ; that the affidavit making such charges was false ; that under the threats of said Finley she had entered into this conspir acy : and that she had signed a paper agree ing to pay Julia Pierce $1,000 for entrapping Dodge. The document also sets forth that her previous affidavits, charging bad treat ment, and in fact all the principal points em braced in the original affidavits under which the suit was commenced were false, and only made under the threats of Finley. Finley told Mrs. Dodge that uuless she made such affida vits she would certainly go to the State's Prison. Finley, furthermore,'when he fount; that Dodge had found out the conspiracy, urged her to poison him, as the only way of clearing themselves, The Judge has ad journed a final settlement of the case until to-day. Mrs. Dodge will probably be taken back by her husband. A Valuable Friend for a Dog. Yesterday afternoon as a cow aud dog be longing to Ii. N. Graves were passing along B street together a big, quarrelsome, hoodlum cur rushed out from the sidewalk and pounced upon the canine companion of the cow. The hoodlum seemed to be getting the best of the tight, when the cow—probably a descendant in a direct line of the "cow with the crumpled horn that tossed the dog that worried the cat r —seeing how things were going with her companion, charged upon the strange dog, and at the first pass elevated him some ten feet in the air. She was on hand again about the time he struck the ground, and charging upon him with arched neck and erect tail, pitched him from the middle of the street into a pile of packing-eases standing on the edge or the side-walk. This done, she turned affectionately t© her canine friend, and the pair moved on together, while the discom fitted hoodlum raised his head above the edge of the dry goods box in which he had landed and looked about to see if lightning had struck any other dog.— Virginia City (Ners.) enterprise 6 th inst. A Michigan exchange tells us of a strange sect which has its abiding place at Battle Frcek, in that State. It is called the Seventh •lay Adventists, and its members look'for the coming of the Saviour very soon, but do . fix any precise date—wherein they are wiser than the Millerites. They are wealthy as.a commun^ and noted for strict integrity nil the scrupulous cleanliness of their dwell ,if believe in the water cure, and a ^! / 8t * bllsl . iment at Battle Creek is the re T , °! lnva ^s from all parts of the country, iimi Bt#T. ave a Pushing house, tract house, as if 1?« CS ' r l i ld are as f° D( l °f making money some\i >^ K 110t ex l )ec t to go to heaven for a by his and I the Mr. in cate your for me you. the cal vote your and that of fall, Life in JLand Kansas—Slaughtering Pirates. A letter written from Sargent Station, in the wilds of -Kansas, gives the particulars of an astounding encounter between six des peradoes and a settler. Last week six des peradoes, Thomas McLeland, Samuel Wright, Jack Stutzman, Thomas Giffin, Joseph Clark, and a fellow they call Colorado, undertook to rob and murder Christopher Gilson. They sqM he killed one of their boys, and they would have revenge. Gilson killed a fellow by the name of William Clayburn on the 15th of November last. Clayburn wanted to murder a fellow' for his money, and because Gilson stopped him he turned loose at Gilson with a six-shooter, and Gilson killed him with a shot-gun. This party last night made their brags what they would do to Gilson. One proposed to take him out and go through him in his own tent. They asked him out to take a walk, and Gilson said, "No, I don't want to walk out just now." They replied, "You must." Gilson got his pistols and shot-gun, and said, " Boys, I am ready to walk out with you now." Gilson then started across the railroad track, and stayed in a car all night. Before going he made the remark, "You fellow's will have to fight me to-mor row." The party then started off and got their needle-guns " and pistols (two of each) and went into every house in town, breaking stoves, smashing the doors and window's, and drove several men out of town, robbed others, and made night hideous with their yells. At 4:30 in the morning Gilson went over to his tent, and told a fellow by the name of Pete to go and tell these fellows to keep away from his tent. He did so. They said : " We will kill him or bust, and will afterwafd run this tow T n." At 8 o'clock the six boys armed themselves with a Henry rifle and two six-shooters each, and w ent to Gilson's tent to kill him. Gilson was on the look-out for them, having two six-shooters and a shot-gun in his hands. As soon as the party came up Gilson went out and said "Open the ball or I w'ill!" Jack Stutzman drew a bead and fired, but missed. Gilson fired and killed Sam. Wright ; fired again and killed Thomas McLeland. Stutzman's shot, however, came past Gilson's head, when he said: "Close calf, boys," and fired with a six-shooter, killing Jack Stutzman. The balance then ran, and Gilson fired after them, shooting Joe Clark's arm off. It was a bat tle of one man against six, w ith the result— three killed and one wounded. The citizens got together and returned Gilson a vote of thanks for the good he had done the country and himself. Mr. Criley, General Superin tendent of tiio construction of the A. T. & ». if. road, presented Gilgon with a pass for one year. The citizens presented him with a $150 shot-gun. Gilson then took advantage of his pass and started for Dodge City, where he was met by many friends. Taking his trusty sliot-gun, he went around and stirred up the citizens of Dodge, who turned out, led by him, against the desperadoes, cut throats, and robbers of that place. Over two hundred shots were fired inside of ten minutes. Two desperate characters, by the name of Texas and Williams, were killed. The balance of the cut-throats ran for life. Gilsdn is from Brooklyn, N. Y., and has a brother connected with the Brooklyn Jingle. He is a man that has always behaved him self, is a hard worker and a perfect gentle man. He lias been in the employ of the government since 1863, is highly mentioned by officers he has served under in the army, and w'as with Gen. Sheridan as a scout during the campaign against the Che^vennes, Arra pahoes and Kiowas, In the w'iuter of 1868-9, and w r as employed in the same capacity by Generals Augur and Myers, at Omaha. Every one of these gentlemen give him excellent recommendations. ►►►*< An Incident in the House. As soon as the vote on the question of cen suring Mr. Brooks was announced from the chair, Mr. Brooks arose from his seat and approached Mr. Rainey's and Mr. Elliott's seats. Mr. Elliott was standing a little in rear of his seat, and was surrounded by a dozen or more persons, when Mr. Brooks approached and extended his hand, and grasping the hand of Mr. Elliott in a cordial manner, said substantially. "Mr. Elliott, from the bottom of my heart, thank you for the vote you have just now recorded. . For years past I have been the opponent of your race. I appreciate highly the fact that in this, the hour of my adversity, when I am deserted by men of my ow r n race whom I have stood by in the past, you and Mr. Rainey have ignored all prejudices and have acted justly. I desire to assure you that the future I shall, by my humble voice and influence, be as ready to protect and vindi cate the rights and aid the advancement of your race as I shall my own." Mr. Elliott replied : "I thank you heartily this assurance of your good will toward and mine. Mine was no easy task, but I thank God that He gave me the fortitude necessary to overcome those feelings of pre- judice to which you have alluded. I did for you. sir, what I would under like circum- stances have done for any one else. Under solemn obligations of my oath as a Rep- resentative I looked not upon you as a polit- opponent, but as an American Represen- tative, who had a right to demand judgment founded upon the law and evidence. I voted against the resolution because, in my humble judgment, you were clearly entitled to such a vote at my hands. I again thank you for your expressions of good will.— Washington Chronide. - I •m I ci - A man named Simmons has just been ex amined by physicians in Troy, New York, pronounced insane. Among other freaks were testified to, it was said that on one occasion he hung oqt a placard in front of a vacant store belonging to him, on which was inscribed : " Stand still and see the salvation the Lord ; hell and destruction is never and the eye of man is never satisfied." if in of des des they 15th to him to and to car got the to the to of & The Yellowstone Geysers. From Chicago Tribune Correspondence. But the most wonderful discoveries made within the last five years are the geysers at the headwaters of the Yellowstone. They will ever be ranked among the wonders of the world. From childhood, we have all seen pictures of the great geysers in Iceland. They are still in all our sch# geographies. The voyage thither is so long and expensive ; the journey inland, for fifty or one hundred miles, so dangerous and difficult, and, withal, Iceland is so near the north pole, that pro bably not one in a million who had read ac counts of them have ever expected to see a real, live, spouting geyser. The Iceland geyser in its most angly moods throws the water and mud 100 feet high ; but, according to careful measuremênt, the Yellowstone geysers belch their mud and boiling water more than 200 feet in air. Notices of them, derived from trappers and mountain guides, began to make their way into the newspapers in 1869 or 1870. In the latter year, if we mistake not, Prof. Hayden, United States Geologist, and a small detachment of the army, under command of Gen. Barlow, oi Gen. Sheridan's staff, visited them. Their descriptions of tiic geysers.on the Fire Hole, near a branch of the Madison, with a series of illustrated articles in Scribner's Monthly, attracted very general attention to this new world of wonders. The same parties also visited them last year. The pictures of them begin to come back to us in the European il lustrated papers, and tourists and scientific men on the other side of the Atlantic will be equally anxious to visit this wonderful local ity. The falls and the canyon of the Yellow stone, on the way to the geysers, are them selves worth a journey of a thousand miles to see. Yellowstone Lake, nestled far up among the summits of the Rocky Mountains, might well employ a couple of weeks, while the geysers themselves, across a divide some twenty miles to the north, might well detain the tourist and the scientific explorer for a month. Congress wisely devoted this nook of the mountains to a public park. Avarice will, therefore, never be able to control it for private benefit. Curiosities of Vision* The reason that we see some things yellow, others red, others blue, etc., is found in the peculiar surfaces of the different objects, some reflecting the yellow of the light which shows it to our eye, some only the red, etc. But the combination and contrasts of colors in nature are a curious mysteiy, and likely to remain so, though experiments like the fol lowing may hint at the explanation : After looking through green spectacles for some time, white paper appears red ; after looking through red spectacles, white paper appears green. There are only three original colors in nature, blue, red and yellow. All the rest are compounds; white is a mixture of all. Now in looking long at red, the eye becomes tired, so that, when the white, which contains all three, is presented to it, it abstracts or overlooks the red ; and the blue and yellow alone being left, the paper appears green; for blue and yellow make green. So,^ after looking through green, it abstracts the blue and yellow (or green) from the paper, and red is left. Oh the same principal, if you look through yellow spectacles, ' the white will afterwards appear purple. After look ing through blue spectacles, the white ap pears orange, or red and yellow, and so ou. This is a Taw of nature, which leads to a knowledge of lmrmoi.y n colors ; blue makes the finest contrast to orange, and red to green. S a Discount on Dullness* The New York Observer being a religious paper, may be. appropriately heard on the question treated below'. It says: The time has gone by for dull preachers. The activi- ties of the age, the diffusion of knowledge by schools, books and periodicals, the spirit of inquiry, the spread of infidelity, the pre- valence of doubt, the subtlety of false science demand live, strong, earnest, capable men to preach the gospel. It will not answer to edu- cate dullness or mediocrity. It Avas forbidden that a son of Aaron should be a priest if he had any blemish. Even a flat nose excluded him. And the age wants no half-baked min- isters. The West will not hear them. The East cannot bear them. The heathen know too much to take them. They are not wanted on this earth. To get money to educate dull boys because they are pious is robbing God, and a fraud upon the Church, it is a crime or a blunder, aud sometime» both. - — ♦< f I - Speaker Blaine. The Louisville Courier-Jokrnal on Blaine : " The Speaker of the House of Representa tives is noAv the strongest man in America. After the Presidency, the office of Speaker of the House is the most Important in the country. In it a w'eak man blight be power ful, hut a strong man is all-powerful, and Mr. Blaine is perhaps the strongest man in Washington. If Mr. Morton had good health, it would probably be nip and tuck be tween them, but, for the long run, Blaine is the coming man of the Republican party. He is the one man w'liosc name was connected with the Credit Mobilier Avho came out of it unscathed. He is sure of the succession. He is rich, active, of good address and pop ular manners, young and ambitious. Our backAVoods readers may as well get familiar with him, for he will be the pivot about which the parti.es will revolve the next few years. ' '__ ^ ^ _ Facts. —If a tallow candle be placed in a gun and shot at the door, it will go through without sustaining any injury ; and if a mus ket ball be fired into water, it will not only rebound, but be flattened as if fired against a solid substance. A musket ball may be fired through a pane of glass, making the hole the size of the ball, without cracking the glass ; if the glass be suspended by a thread it will make no difference, and the thread will not even vibrate. see she her ask can and ers, there iz ple, tu but first that I ioned, trived which yield more of saving of flour citizen It mine The True Story of the First Telegram* The bill met with neither sneers or opposi tion in the Senate, but the business of that house went on with discouraging slowness. At twilight on the last evening of the session (March 3, 1843,) there were 119 bills before it. As it seemed impossible to reach it in the regular course before the hour of adjourn ment should |arrive, the Professor, who had anxiously watched the tardy movements of busiuess all day from the gallery of the Sen ate Chamber, went with a sad heart to his hotel, and prepared to leave for New York at an early hour the next morning. While at breakfast a servant informed him that a young lady desired to see him in the parlor. There he met Miss Annie Ellsworth, then a young school girl—the daughter of his in timate friend, Hon. Henry L. Ellsworth, the first Commissioner of Patents—who said, as she extended her hand to him : "I have come to congratulate you." "Upon what?" inquired the professor. "Upon the passage of your bill," she re plied." "Impossible ! Its fate was sealed at dusk last evening. You must be mistaken." "Not at all," she responded, "father ! me to tell you that your bill had passed, remained until after the session closed, and yours was the last bill but oue acted upon and it was passed just five minutes before the adjournment, and I am so glad be the first one to tell you. Mother says, too that you must come home with me to break fast." The invitation was readily accepted, and the joy of the household was unbounded Both Mr. and Mrs. Ellsworth had fully be lieved in the project, and the former, in his confidence in it, and in his warm friendship for Professor Morse, had spent all the closing hours of the session iû the Senate Chamber, doing w hat he could to help the bill along and giving it all the influence of his high personal and official position. Grasping the hand of his young friend, the Professor thanked her again and again for bearing him such pleasant tidings, and as sured her that she should send over the wires the first message as her reward. The matter was talked over in the family, and Mrs. Ells Avorth suggested a message, which Professor Morse referred to the daughter for her ap proval, and this was the one Avhich was sub sequeutly sent. A little more than a year after that time, the line between Washington and Baltimore Avas completed. Prof. Morse Avas in the for mer city, and Alfred Yail, his assistant, in the latter—the first in the Chamber of the Su preme Court, the last in the Mount Clare De S ot, Avhen, the circuit being perfect, Prof, [orse sent to Miss Ellsworth for her mes sage, and it came— "avhat path god wrought?" It Avas sent in triplicate, in the dot and line language of the instrument, to Baltimore, and Avas the first message êver transmitted by a recording telegraph.— Scribner's for March. How to Pick Out a SVife* Find a girl that is nineteen years old last May, about the right height, Avith a blue eye and dark brown hair aud white teeth. Let the girl be good to look at, not too phond of musik, a firm disbeliever in ghosts and ov six children in the same family. Look well to the karakter oy her father ; see that he iz not the member ov any club, don't bet on eleckshuns, and gits shaved at least three times a week. Find out all about her mother, and see if she hez got a heap ov good common sense ; study well her likes and dislikes, eat sum ov her hum-made bread and apple dumplings, notiss whether she abuses all ov her nabors, ask her servants how long they have lived thare, and don't fail tew observe Avhetherher dresses are last year's ones fixed over. If j f u are satisfied that the mother Avould make the right kind ov a mother-in-law, vu can safely konklude that the dauter would make the right kind ov a wife. After these preliminaries are all settled, and yu hav done a reasonable amount ov' sparking, ask the young lady for heart and hand, and if she refuzes yu can konsider yourself euchered. If, on the contrary, she should say yes, git married at once, without any fuss and feath ers, and proceed to take the chances. I say take the chances, for there ain't no resipee for a perfek wife, enny more tliyi there iz for a perfek husband. There iz just as many good wives as there good husbands, and I never knew two peo ple, married or single, who were déterminée make themselves agreeable tu each other, but what, they sukceeded. Name your oldest boy some good stout name, not after some hero, but should the first boy be a girl, I ask it as a favor to me that you kaul her Rebekker. I du Avant some ov them good, old-fash- ioned, tuff girl names reviyed and extended. —Josh Billings. - <m I iai - The End of millstones. An inventor of Bristol, England, has con trived a mill, for reducing wheat to flour, which is said to do the work much more rapidly than millstones, and at the same time yield a vastly superior product. The ar rangement consists of iron cages containing revolving radii, driven at the rate of 400 revolutions per minute, which almost instan taneously reduces the wheat to powder. At Edinburg two mills have been running for more than a yeai* Each one does the work 27 pairs of ordinary millstones, with a saving of five and a half per cent, in favor the new mill. The bread made from the which this mill turns out is pronounced remarkable for its lightness and good keeping of A. the of sion even the Avith these pass ity, seen the in inch half side judge stone. but to Maryland claims for a recently deceased citizen named Dixon the honor of being the original discoverer of the edibility of oysters. was, perhaps, from this gentleman that Shakespeare got his simile of "this world's oyster, which I with sword will open." 1. 2. 3. the 4. time, fold 5. tend 6. cattle fields, 7. ments 8. and 9. shelter taking 10. dogs a time. 11. going B " and ever b» talked ants, does martriage on Wheels- Wedding in a JN agon on a Public Square* On last Friday afternoon as one of our popular justices, Wm. P. Ashbury, was m meditation deep among the papers pertaining to his laAv cases, a sAvift and heavy tread was heard on the stainvay and along the hall lead ing to his office. The door was opened without any ceremony, and in rushed a man in a state of excitement not usually seen in our quiet city. "Are you the squire!" he asked, as he wiped the prespiration from his heated brow. "I am,'' replied the justice. " Well, I Avant to get married, and want the thing done right aA\'ay." "All right/' said the Justice, "bring on your Avoman." The excited individual then informed Jus tice A. that the fair and expectant one was in town, and that he wanted the 'squire to go to her with him, and perform the ceremony. After a feAv preliminary arrangemer'i, which included the fee and marriage certifi cate, the Justice folloAved the gentleman and finally broaght up with him at the side of a covered Avagon on the street near the public square. "Here, Mary," said the man, "I'vebrought the 'Squire," and raising the side of the wagon-cover the form and features of a handsome young woman were revealed to the astonished Justice. "Mary, do you wish to marry this man ?" inquired the Justice solemnly. "I do," faltered the blushing bride. "Shall—shall she get out on the street, sir ?" stammered the soon-to-be husband. "No," said the Justice. **Sh—shall I get in the wagon, then ?" con tinued the man, who had some faint idea of the propriety of the thing. " No," said the Justice, " stand up by the side of the wagon and take Maiy by- the hand." This being done the tAvo were solemnly made one, under cover only of the white sheeted wagon and the blue canopy of heaA r - en. A number of ladies and gentlemen passed by near the parties, but knew nothing of the interesting ceremony that was taking place. Thus the legal bonds were bound around the already united souls of William Mize and Mary Catherine Palmer.— War rensburg (Mo.) Standard. A Wonderful Stone* The Virginia (Nevada) Enterprise says: A. M. Stewart, one of the locators of the great gravel deposits on the summit of the Sierra Nevada mountains, California, has shoAvn us a stone that is different from any thing we have ever yet seen. The stone ap pears to be a ruby, and is doubtless of great value. Stewart has several times been offered from $50 to $500 for his "find," but he has always refused to sell. The stone is sur rounded by a ring of white stone of peculiar formation. The gem, or central stone, is about the size of a ten-ceut piece; while the whole specimen is about the size of .a half dollar. This stone, being viewed through a powerful glass, shoAvs the most wonderful rays of light—rays more than rivaling the Aurora Borealis, with specks of silver and gold. SteAvart picked up the stone from the surface gravel in a ravine upon his claim. He sent it to San Francisco to a lapi dary asking that it be cut on one side. The lapidary tried to cut it, but made a poor job it. He got off some of the rough outside shell, but was unable to make much impres sion upon the stone itself. We saw the hardest of files tried upon it, and they did not even make a scratch. The owner of this stone informs us that three other stones of same kind are in the possession of the Indians of that region, who hold them in great respect as talismans and refuse to part Avith them at any price. By showing one of these stones an Indian, for instance, may pass through all the northern tribes of In dians. The stone is certainly a great curios and Ave believe this is the only one ever seen in the hands of a white man. It is in shape of a magnifying glass, being thick the middlé. It is probably a quarter of an inch thick in the centre, though but about an inch in diameter. Being cut on one only, and poorly cut at that, it is hard to judge of the full beauty aud value of the stone. The owner does not call it a ruby, thinks it is a new' and rare stone unknown the lapidaries. It is certainly a most unique and beautiful gem. A Dozen Rules for Farmers* 1. Take good papers and read them. 2. Keep account of farm operations. 3. Do not leave implements scattered over farm, exposed to snow, rain and heat. 4. Repair tools and buildings at a proper and do not suffer a subsequent three expenditure of time and money. 5. Use money judiciously, and cfo not at auction sales to purchase all kinds of trumpery because it is cheap. 6. See that fences are well repaired and cattle not grazing in the meadow's, or grain fields, or orchards. 7. Do not refuse to make correct experi ments in a small way, of many new things. 8. Plant fruit trees well, care for them, of course get good crops. 9. Practice economy by giving stock good shelter during the winter ; also good food, taking out all that is unsound, half rotten or mouldy. 10. Do not keep tribes of cats or snarling around the premises, who eat more in month than they are worth id a whole life 11. Read the advertisements, know what is on, and frequently save money by it. Arnum has engaged Professor Faber's talking machine " for the season of 1878, will match it against any woman that wagged her jaw, for stamps, wherever exhibits. He expects the stuffing will be out of the machine by many contest but the money goes to the poor, so he not care.