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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
R. E. FISK, - - - - Editor. TUtRSDAY, APRIL 10, 1873. FRIGHTFUL, marine disaster. The most appalling marine disaster of cent years was involved in the wrecking the steamship Atlantic, of the White line, off Cape Prospect, Novia Scotia, at o'clock on the morning of the 1st inst. this frightful, almost unparalleled ocean calamity, upwards of five hundred lives, with scarcely a moment's warning, were engulfed in a watery grave ! The dispatch chronicling this terrible disaster was given to the Helena public in the Herald telegraphic report yesterday (Wednesday) evening, within thirty-six hours after the catastrophy. Full details of this horrifying occurrence have been speeding to us on lightning wings day, and are spread before the public in columns this afternoon. The Atlantic, one of the first-class steam ships of the White Star line, left Liverpool March 20th, for New York, with a passenger list, in cabin and steerage, of 1,038 souls. Much boisterous weather was experienced the "middle passage," but otherwise that por tion of the ocean trip was not noteworthy. Itunniug short of coal, the steamer headed Halifax to replenish the supply sufficient complete the remainder of the voyage. the darkness of night, while attempting make port, the shore lights were mistaken the navigator, and the steamer was soon upon the rocks of Cape Prospect, with the angry waters of a tempestuous sea breaking over her. With few exceptions, the entire list cabin passengers added its numbers to the hundreds of humbler but equally precious lives of the steerage that were swallowed in this terrifying ocean lialocaust. For fuller particulars, we refer the public to our tele graphic report. PRACTICAL SCHOOLING. There is a movement in New York for the establishment of a training school for nurses, wherein shall be taught the essentials of sick room management, and ^he elements of com mon household surgery—such as is liable be needed at times in every family. The move is doubtless a sensible one, and its suc cess dcsHable. And why might not a great deal of this invaluable knowledge be imparted in our common schools, in phree of a little of the not absolutely indispensable stuff in the shape of the various ologies which go make up the course of study for advanced pupils ? A teacher of sound sense ought to be able to impress upon the minds of young misses the best method of checking liemmor rhage from cuts and other accidents, the proper appliances for burns, the names and modes of use of antidotes for poisons, and many other things of that sort, which every woman ought to know, and the knowledge of which may at any moment avert the loss of life or alleviate much suffering. An occa sional hour devoted to things of this practi cal kind would be an agreeable relief from the dry routine of the regular studies, and would tend to increase the substantial raine of our school education—an element in which improvement is certainly desirable. As tub Herald remarked recently, "all the laws and parts of laws permitting the transmission by mail of any free matt# what ever," were repealed by the Postal Appropri tion'bill, passed on the last day of the late session. This abolishes the free exchange of newspapers and periodicals, so long permit ted, and also cuts off another pretty extensive class of postal dead-heads, namely, subscrib ers living within the counties where weekly newspapers are printed. There does not seem to have been any reasonable ground for the exemption of either of these special classes from their fair share of the cost of maintaining the Post Office Department, and, as it will involve but a trifle to each person or establishment interested, though amounting to a considerable sum in. the aggregate, it may he presumed the new system, when once fairly in operation, will be generally satisfac tory. The law* takes effect on the first of July, beginning with the fiscal year. Sub scribers will still be able to pay their postage at their own post offices, as heretofore ; and new spaper exchanges will stand in this re spect upon the same footing as individual subscribers. Perhaps w 7 e may safely say that the blessed spring is here at last. We discern certain in dications of the ethereal advent, albeit they may not, in all particulars, be absolutely pro nounced. The tail-end of winter has swept •long our mountains, and given us a few days of disagreeable cold, snow and sleet in March. The worst, however, is gone. Bright skies, balmy airs, the green turf, the gay parterre, the amiable beauties of nature are at hand ; and it will be a treasure worthy of the gods, if we have the gods' patience to wait, to w 7 atch the changes aud the pleasant prospect of the grow ing year. It w ill he our own fault if we do not wax kinder and better aud pleas anter of spirit as the skies deepen and the color comes back to the face of nature. Washington advices state that $125,000 of the Montana Indian War Claims have been paid, and the remainder will be satisfied in the same way at an early day, or as fast as they can be examined. A Kentucky capitalist has consolidated twenty-four farms, and now owes a whole county. re of Star 2:30 By of to our on for to In to by of up GREAT RAILROAD—THE BUSI NESS IT CREATES AND THE HONEY IT HAKES. to The figures which the managers of the Pennsylvania Central Railroad present to its stockholders are simply marvellous. Last year its capital stock amounted to twenty-five millions of dollars, while its funded debt amounted to the same sum. During 1871 carried freight to the amount of six^ and half million tons, upon which the charges w'ere over fourteen million dollars. It trans ported four million seven hundred thousand passengers, who paid nearly four millions of dollars. Its total recipts were almost nine teen million dollars. During 1872 the earn ings of the road and its branches between Phil adelphia and Pittsburg, were in round num bers twenty-two million dollars, the expenses fourteen and the net earnings over eight mil lions of dollars. But this is not the entire amount of business transacted uv the man agemement of the Pennsylvania railroad. Including all the lines operated by the com pany, we find the total receipts to be nearly thirty-seven millions of dollars, the expenses twenty-five millions, and the net profits eleven and a quarter millions of dollars. In addition to all this, it penetrates through twenty States of the Union, controlling nu merous other lines, about whose business and operations the report is entirely silent. It is estimated that the busines of the road doubles every four years, so that if it were simply to content itself with the natural de velopment that is certain to come to it with the growth of the country, it would in a few years, attain an expansion that can hardly be comprehended by the ordinary understanding. But the ambition of the road is as boundless as the continent which it has made the basis of its operations, and it has already planned a number of stupendous enterprises which, if successful, will carry it to still greater heights of pow'er, influence, and, let us hope, useful ness. By a new law r it is authorized to in crease its capital stock to $150,000,000 ; to issue mortgage bonds to the amount of $35, 000,000 ; five millions of dollars to be ex pended in wharfage improvements at Jersey City ; double tracks are now' being laid to Pittsburg, and a "new low grade line" for freight is to be built across the Alleghany mountains. The policy of the road—the ab sorption of existing lines wherever greater facilities of communication can be obtained —is, we suppose, to be steadily pursued in the future, as in the past, so that with its al most limitless resources, comprehensive grasp of the wants and necessities of the country, aud a thorough consciousness of its own opportunities, the metes and bounds of this giant corporation are in all probability des tined to be limited only by the confines of the Republic itself. This road, as indeed all the great trunk fines, is a gauge of the pros perity of the country. Its business doubles because the business of the whole country in creases in the same ratio. Its passenger re ceipts are doubled because our population is increasing in almost the same proportion. We are gratified at the favorable exhibit made by the company for the reason that it is the best evidence that could be offered of our increase in all that goes to make a nation great and powerful. A GALVANIC KICK FROH THE DE \ D. The Gazette of Wednesday resurrected tile finances of Meagher county. They had been forgotten by all save the tax-payers of that unfortunate county. They are quaint, curious, and, we must say, rare. They show that some of the stockholders of the Gazette are in the stationery business without a license, and we presume at large profit to themselves. It is a pretty good book that costs one hun dred and seventy-five dollars. "County against Gaugler," teo, must have been as great a luxury as Bardefi vs. Pickwick. We see it cost over thirteen hundred dollars, say ing nothing about such sums as ai e hidden by "sundries," "etc.," "etc." The Commis sioners, who had the allowing of the bills, seem to have been large investors in stock in that suit. Why they did not deign to tell us the character of that suit we cannot say, or rather, perhaps, we can. If Gaugler's revenge is not satiated, he is sanguinary. County Commissioners there are expensive They give less to the whole school fund than to one lawsuit, and in 1872 their Co. Corns, cost them more than their wrhole system of common schools. So did their County Clerk, aside from receipts from private sources. Sheriff ditto. Learning must be cheap over the river, or offices pretty dear. Some com plaint may doubtless be made of the lAws, but economy under any law w ith such ad ministration, is simply impossible. Where wood grows so plenty, a charge of over $550 for fuel suggests the propriety of moving the county seat down into the valley w here there are milder skies. If they paid more to the Superintendent of Common Schools, perhaps they would pay less to their jailor and sheriff. He ought to be worth half as much, it seems to us, as the county physician, if he is w'orth anything. But we aie glad of the courage which dared to make this exhibit, even if it is a melancholy picture. f Thk evidences of the 'inextinguishable vi tality of the Democracy" which the New York World saw in the New Hampshire election are summed up in a Republican Gov ernor, two out />f three Congressmen Re publicans. three out of five Councilors, eight °, ut oj twelve Senators, and forty majority in the House the same way. But the World can pattmm from the good parson who, after a fruitless attempt to take np a contribution, gave thanks that he had got his hat back from that congregation. the its it a of if OUR LINCOLN LETTER. Lincoln-, M. T. March 31st, 1873. To the Editor of the Herald : Allow 7 me space in the columns of your valuable paper for a few 7 fines about this once great and glorious mining camp. And yet Lincoln is to-day, without doubt, one of the best mining camps in the Territory ; but I am sorry to saj 7 , Lincoln, like many other camps, is owned by large and rich compa nies, who saw 7 the future prosperity of these mines. These men took hold aiul bought ground which w T as thought worthless some three or four years ago. Some of the same ground is yielding from $7 to $15 per day to the hand. All these gold " experts" wear smiles on their faces as they gaze on the hills and there behold in abundance the "beauti ful snow 7 ." The prospects are that they will reap a rich reward the coming season. Laboring men are scarce, and good wages are expected, and some ten or fifteen good hands can find employment here. Sauer Kraut gulch is prospering. It is en tirely owned by three companies. Here the gold is of a coarse quality, which is found plentifully in spots. Messrs. Reese A Co. have been realizing as high as $50 per day to the hand. This ground can be worked in w'inter as well as in summer, and by the ap pearance of these gentlemen's diggings they all seem to he practical miners. Too much credit cannot be given them for their large undertakings. They think themselves hand somely rewarded, as they keep sacking the nuggets. Lincoln, the .past season, has gloried in an organized dancing club. Our young "bloods," like those of Helena, have held a series of gay and festive parties—all of which, with one exception, having proved quite brilliant affairs. Particulars of the "exception" could be best expressed in verse, but I shall not attempt a chronicle of the same even in prose. Any local news of importance will be transmitted to the Herald— towards which no one of your numerous miner read ers liava a warmer "fellow 7 feeling" than JOSHUA.. SOLDIER'S HOMESTEAD LAW. There seems to be some misunderstanding regarding the amendments which passed CoDgress last session in regard to the Sol diers' Homestead law 7 . The amendments proposed w 7 ere various and important, but they ail failed to pass except the following, w'hich embodies all the change that has been made in the Homestead law : "That any person entitled, under the provisions of the foregoing sections, to enter a homestead, who may have heretofore entered under the Homestead laws a quantity of land less than 1G0 acres, shall be permitted to enter so much land as, when added to the quantity previous!} 7 entered, shall not exceed 1G0 acres." That is, that whereas the law of 1872 permits soldiers to enter homesteads on what are called "double minimum lands," or lands within the limits of railroad grants, and whereas many soldiers had entered 80 acres each, they are now permitted to enter a whole quarter section, or 1GÖ acres of such lands. The amendment simply doubles the quantity of land that may be entered under the law. A Washington pen painter does up some of the Senators as follow s : Sumner stands at the head as a mere scholar. Schurz is among the first as a mere writer of speeches without profound thought, solidity of judg ment, or comprehensive knowledge. Morton has no equal as a party leader and vigorous thinker. Roscoe Conkling stands at the head as a general debater, an elegant scholar, a graceful rhetorician, and a statesman of large views ; he adds to the dignity of the Senator the graceful courtesy of the accomplished gentlemen. Buckingham of Connecticut, stands very high, and is always trustworthy and upright. As a lawyer, Thurman is first in the Senate, is thoroughly trained and his opinions carry great influence. But his strong party prejudices sometimes give color even to his legal opinions. Edmunds, of Vermont, is the vigilant sentinel and persistent critic of every thing that comes up, and is regarded as a chronic objector. , The ex-Vice President of the Confederacy is thus described by an irreverent reporter : "Alexander II. Stevens emerged from the Kimball House, wrapped up in three over coats and a loose blanket. The bundle, with a white head sticking out, was put in a carriage right end up and propped in position. The bundle then coughed and said it was all right, and away the carriage rolled to the Capitol, w'here it was taken out and unrolled and un rolled until Mr. Stevens was found. Samuel H. Elbert, who has been ap pointed and confirmed as Governor of Col orada, has resided in and been identified with the affairs of that Territory for a dozen years or more. He w*as Secretary of the Territory while Hon. John Eyans was its Governor. He is Governor Eyans' sou-in-law.—a man of education and dignified bearing, and enjoys the respect and confidence of the people of Colorado to a high degree. * He will prove a faithful and efficient Executive. The Rhode Island State election, which inspired on Tuesday, 2nd inst., resulted, as tisua. , in a complete Republican triumph. Howard, (Rep.) for Governor, was elected by 880 majority. The Legislature is largely Republican. Little Rhody has $42,000,000 in her sav ings banks. I to TELEGRAMS RETORTED SPECIALLY FOR THE IIE11ALD BY WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH COMPANY. UNITED STATES. A Terrible Steatnibip Calamitj'. Halifax, N. S., April 1.—The 3d officer (Brady) says the steamer Atlantic experienced boisterous weather during the passage, but all went well until noon of Monday, when the supply of coal became nearly exhausted and the captain determined to put into Hali fax. The Captain, and 3d officer were on deck until midnight,'at which time the Captain went into his chart room, leaving orders to be called if there was any change in the vessel's position. Brady went to bed about the same time as the Captain, and the next thing he remembers is that he was thrown out of his bunk and he felt the ship strike several times. He then rusliéd on deck and found the Captain and officers there and the deck full of passengers. He got an axe and commenced to clear away a boat, and the Captain aud other officers were busy doing the same thing. Brady got the boat out and put two women in it, when a number of men attempted to get into it and about a dozen succeeded. Just at this moment the steamer fell over on her beams' end and sank. Only one boat bad been out, and that was carried down by the steamer and all in it were lost. Brady scrambled into the mizzen rigging, which was above water, and seeing that he could do nothing there then went forward and unroved the haliiards, being assisted by quartermasters Spearman and Owen. Brady then took the halliards and all three swam to a rock, and the line was hauled ashore and a number of passengers landed by it. A num ber got on the rock, but the tide rising their position was no better than on the vessel. , Halifax, April 2.—A steerage passenger makes the following statement: I turned into my berth about 11 o'clock on Monday night. The night was dark, but it was starlight, and the weather was fine, knew the ship was going into Halifax tor coal. The last I remembered was two bells (1 o'clock) struck, and then went to sleep, was awakened with a shock, and remarked to my mate, there goes the anchor. I thought of course, w r e were safe in Halifax harbor but as soon as she made the second plunge I said, good God, she's ashore, and with that Y got up and dressed. The companion-way was thronged with the lower steerage pas sengers, and seeing that the sea was com mencing to break over the ship, I got as many as possible to take to the bunks and hold by the iron staunchions, and there we remained until after daylight. The ship had fallen over and the steerage was full of water, one side only being out. Our only chance of escape was through the port-holes, and a number of men, probably twenty, got out in that way to the side of the vessel. 1 remained until all who were alive got out. A great many were drowned in their bunks, and others while trying to reach the ports. I got out through a port-hole and held fast to the side of the ship -for about two hours, and then -went to the shore by a life line. When I left the ship there were still a great many in the rigging. The names of the cabin passengers lost are as follows : Cyrus M. Fisher, counsellor-at-law, of Ver mont, and his wife. Miss Brodie and Miss Barker, of Chicago. J. H. Price, of No. 151 Broadway, N. Y. Mr. Kruger, of 54 Exchage Place, N. Y Albert Sumner, of San Francisco. Henry T. Hewitt, of W. J. Best & Co., 448 Broom street, N. Y. Mr. Merritt and wife, New York. Miss Scrymser and Miss Merritt, IS. Y. Mrs. Davidson and daughter, London. W. B. Wellington, Boston. Mr. Street, wife, son and daughter, Nevada. The following cabin passengers were saved : Freeman D. Marchwald, of Thompson, Landon & Co., 391 Broadway, N. Y. S. W. Vick, of Vick & Malone, Wilming ton, North Carolina. I. Spencer Jones, of New Ross, Ireland. Lewis Levinson, A. Gardner and Chas. W. Allen, London. Henry Hersfell, Switzerland. Simeon Camachio, New York. B. B. Richmond, Detroit. Adolphus Jugla, glove dealer, 737 Broad way, N< Y. William John Brindley, of Bristol, Eng land. Daniel Kinane, Springfield, Ohio. James Brown, Manchester. Nicholas Braudt, New York. The following arë the officers saved : James A. Williams, Captain; J. W. Firth, chief officer; Cornelius Brady, 3d officer; Jolm Brown, 4th officer; Cuppaize, surgeon. The 2d officer, Henry Metcalf, is among the lost, as well as Ambrose Worthington, the purser, and Hugh Christie, chief steward. About seventy of the crew were lost, and the same number saved. Four hundred and thirteen steerage passengers were saved, which is about one-balf of the number on board. The following is the Captain's statement : We sailed from Liverpool on March 20th. During the first part of the passage we had favorable weather and easterly winds. On the 24th, 25th and 26th we experienced heavy southwest and westerly gales, which brought the ship down to 118 miles a day. On the 31st of March the engineer reported but about 127 tons of Goal on board. We were then 460 miles east of Sandy Hook, with the wind southwest and a high westerly swell, falling barometer, and the ship going only eight knots an hour. We considered the risk too great to push on, as we might find ourselves in the event of a gale shut out from any port of sup ply, so we decided to bear up for Halifax. At 1 o clock pi m. on the 31st Sambro island was distant 170 miles, the ship's speed vary ing from eight to twelve knots per hour, the wind south, with rain, which veered to the westward at 8 p. m., with clear weather. At midnight I judged the ship to have made 122 miles, which would place her 48 miles south of Sambro island, and I then left the deck and went into the chart room, leaving orders for the lookout to let me know if they saw anything, and to call me at 3 a. m., intending then to put the ship's head to the southward and await daylight. My first intimation of the catastrophe was the striking of the ship on Marr s Island and remaining there fast The sea immedmtely swept away all the port boats. The officers went to their stations and commenced clearing away the weathpr boats, and rockets were fired by the second officer. Before the boats could be cleared. vÜSLÎt? n 5 nut ** h**in& elapsed, theship keeled heyily to the port side, rendering tlie •taiboard boats useless. Seeing that no heln could be got from the boats, I went to the BY but on to he to a , it I Y passengers in the rigging and on the outsit rails and encouraged them to go forward where the ship was the highest and less et posed to the water. The 3d officer, Bradv quartermasters Owens and Speakman, bv this time having established communication with the out-going rock, about forty yards distant by means of a line got four other lines to the rock, along which about 200 people passed Between the rock and shore there was a pa« sage 100 yards wide, and a rope was success" fully passed across this, by which means about fifty persons got to land, though manr were drowned in the attempt. At 5 a. ni the first boat appeared from the island, but she was too small to he of any assisiaiice Through the exertions of Mr. Brady, the 3d officer, the islanders were aroused, and by tlïfcm three larger boats came to our assist ance, and by their efforts all that remained on the side of the ship or the rock were landed in safety, and were cared for by a fisherman named Clancy and lus daughter During the day the survivors to the number of 429 were drafted off to the various houses scattered about, the resident Magistrate, Ed mund Ryan, rendering valuable assistance. The chief officer having got up in the mizzen rigging the seat cut off his retreat, and he stood for six hours by a woman who had been placed in the rigging, the sea being too high to attempt his rescue. At 3 p. m. a clergyman named Mr. Ancient, succeeded in getting him a line and took him off. Many of the passengers, saloon and steerage, died in the rigging from cold, among them the purser of the ship. Before the boats went out 1 placed two ladies iu a lifeboat, but find ing that the boat was useless I carried them to tlie main-rigging, w liefe I left them, and went to encourage others to go forward on the side of the ship. At this juncture the boilers exploded and the boat rolled over to the leeward, the ship at this time being on her beam ends. Finding myself useless there, I went to take the ladies forward, but they were gone, nor did I see them after wards. Many passengers at this time could not be stimulated to any effort to save them selves, but lay in the rigging and died from fright and exposure. I remained on the side encouraging, helping and directing, until about fifteen were landed, w hen, finding that my bands and legs were becoming useless, ] left the ship, two other boats being close to her and embarked the remainder. On reach ing the shore I dispatched the 3d officer to Halifax across the country, to telegraph the news of the disaster and to obtain assistance. Mr. Morrow, the Cunard Line Agent, promptly responded and sent two steamers, with pro visions, to convey the survivors to Halifax, where they will be cared for, and forwarded to New York at the first opportunity, in charge of the 1st and 4th officers. The 3d officer and four men are left at the island to care for the dead as they come ashore. Cap tain Sheridan has received provisional au thority as to the saving of the cargo and materials. The 2d officer was lost, with No. 30 life-boat. Early this morning the Dominion govern ment steamer Lady Head, the Cunard steam er Delta, and the steam tug Goliah left for the scene of the wreck, to render such as sistance as they could. The Lady Head had on board a number of custom house oflicers, and the Delta's party included several news paper reporters. The start was made about 3 o'clock, so that the steamers might reach the scene immediately after daylight. As the morning broke, the steamers approached Prospect, and those on board quickly learned the whereabouts of the ill-fated Atlantic from the presence around her of a large fleet of Ashing schooners and small boats. The locality is one that a mariner would be disposed to give a wide berth to, if possi ble, the shore being a succession of large beds of rock, with dangerous shoals running out for some distance, while the bay is stud ded with innumerable islands, large and small, all solid rock, with scarcely a sign of vegetation or soil for anything to grow on ; yet, frowning and dangerous as the place was, there was grandeur and beauty in the scene on this bright morning when the angry waves were breaking against the rocks and enveloping the shore almost continually in clouds of glistening spray. The business of the vessels was to get on board the passengers and others who had been rescued from the wreck aud put on shore, where, with such a large number in so small a place, not even the large hearted generosity and kindness of the fishermen could be expected to make them comfortable. The Delta arid Lady Head, being unable to venture near the shore, came to anchor, and the Goliah with a lifeboat went in to embark the shipwrecked people. No time was lost. The Goliah and boats soon returned filled with men, who proceeded to get on board the Delta, and such a motley party—English, Irish. Scotch, Welsh, German, Dutch, Nor wegian, Swede, Swiss—indeed, representa tives of every country in Europe and of the United States were huddled together talking, laughing, crying, praying, and thanksgiving. Scarcely one-half of them had a complete and respectable looking suit of clothes. The wealthy merchant of London and New York, the professional gentleman, and the lowest of emigrants appeared in clothing much of which had been gi ren to them by the good people of Prospect. Some were without coats, many without hats, others without boots, and all with the absence of some com fort in the clothing line. The scene may more easily be imagined than described. All were warmly welcomed on board the Delta, and no pains were spared to make them as comfortable as possible. The Goliah returned to shore and was soon back again with just such a crowd as the previous one. Tliert 1 were several affecting scenes on the Delta as the passengers were collecting on her from different points where they had been stop- • ping. Friends who had separated from each other after the Atlantic struck, and never ex pected to meet again in this world, were brought face to face in the Delta's cabin, where they grasped hands and wept for joy and returned thanks to Him whose mercy had spared them, while so many of their fellows had been sent into eternity. By 12 o'clock, all those who had reached shore safely were (excepting an officer aud four men, who remained, and those who walked inland) taken on board the steamers Delta and Lady Head, the former having about 330 on board, and the latter 77. A calcula tion was now made by Capt Williams show ing that the loss of life, though immense, was not so large as has been reported. The Atlantic had on board 33 cabin passengers, 800 steerage passengers, and a crew (officers included) of 143 men —total 976 souls—lea> - ing the number lost 546. This may not be precisely correct, but is nearly so. The wreck remained in the same position as be fore reported, the bow and masts only shove water, and the sea was breaking so rough, that the boats conld not approach with safety 8he was broken in some places, and a fe" packages bad washed out and drifted to sea.