Helena, Montana, Thursday, April 24, 1873.
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Three month*....................................2 50
THE WEEKLY HERALD
rrnusHxn every Thursday morning.
J. FISK, f
FISK BROS., Publishers
I.ooli out for the Horse Disease.
It appears from the following, taken from
îe Enterprise, Virginia, Nevada, that man is
abject to the epizootic in a modified form
wherever it prevails. Although the disease
in this climate is of the mildest type and
weakens the animals attacked but little, a
proper precaution in handling them should
be observed :
"Quite a number of well known citizens
cf this place who have been obliged to be
much among horses sick of the epizootic,
have contracted it in a somewhat modified
form. Col. Abe Edgington had the roughest
time with it, and was for some days confined
t.o his bed. Frank F. Osbiston bad it pretty
bad and. has not entirely recovered. Mr.
Crosby, of the firm of Breed & Crosby, has
had a touch of it. Johnny Hereford is now T
suffering from it. Even physicians are not
exempt, as Dr. Bronson had a slight attack
of it. Besides the persons named, w'C have
heard of many others who have had the dis
ease more or Jess severely. In the case of
human beings, the cough and great soreness
of the lungs and throat are the most distress
ing features, though most of the other symp
toms are generally to be traced. Most of the
persons w r e have mentioned are superintend
ents of mines and mills, and persons obliged
to have to do with horses, but some have been
covnpunumg c-jnij/umis ur me uisuase who
have not handled horses, sick or well. Human
patients are given cough medicines, quinine
and similar drugs—they would doubtless ob
ject to having brimstone burned under their
noses, or lard and gunpow'der crammed into
The ^Medicated Towel."
The Patent office has recently issued papers
to a California lady, the invention consisting
in rather a novel method of applying medi
cine externally, for the benefit of a certain
class of patients, by means of a specially
adapted towel. This towel is used for dry
ing the person after bathing, and it is
claimed, is medicated with such substances
and by such a process that it will arrest con
tagious diseases, paralysis and local affec
tions, while it imparts at the same time a
healthy action and glow to the skin and frees
it from bad humor. A towel prepared in the
manner specified in this patent will, it is said,
retain its medical virtues effectively during
two months' use, when the process of medica
tion has to he repeated.
Tin' business prospects for the coming sea
Tin' business prospects for the coming sea
son in Utah are better than any time since
the settlement of the Territory. TheSaltLsike
Endowment says: "In addition to mining
operations, several other enterprises of a pub
lic nature arc projected, which will contrib
ute largely to the general prosperity ; among
which are the construction of three or four
narrow-gauge railroads, connecting the Utah
Southern Railroad with several of the most
Important mining camps ; also one leading
from the city via Tooele, Stockton, Opliir,
('amp Floyd and other points to Pioche. The
"ire edge of our big excitement has by a re
*ctionary movement been worn off, and from
Hds time henceforward, a healthier condition
°f things is assured. The cry of the Church
press, that threatened unfriendly legislation
toward the Mormons has affected and wdll
continue to affect the mining interests of the
Territory, by discouraging foreign invest
ments, iias no foundation whatever. The
temporary stagnation has been produced by
tangible and very common- causes, and no
•me need be afraid to invest his capital in
I tab mines by reason of any such such bug
dear. These are unglossed facts, from which
:i prosperous season in 1873 can be readily
England's pretended devotion to the cos
mopolitan doctrine of the free trade extrem
es seems, after all, to be governed by selfish
considerations. The high and increasing
pnee of coal has added largely to the cost of
living and the expense of carrying on manu
What shall be done? Tempted by
tocir cupidity, the unpatriotic Englishmen
'I 10 <nvn mines are selling their coals w'here
1( y can get the most for them, and free
, .w* them,
, c f) lA*iis up a tine market tor them with
« "k count, ies. This is the way it should
"ik, say the disciples of Mill an Bastiat.
nrn W 00111(18 the announcement that, at the
c^ent rate of consumption, Englishmen will
compelled to import coal to warm their
ls with the next tw'enty-five years,'and
1IV,B "* gans clamor for an
Free trade is an ex
,lie public organs clartior for an
export duty upon coal. "
cl,ent thing—in the a
isos says: "Mackrel inhabit
generally ; but those which inhabit
had?^» 7. alv t' U9 taste lo as though they
on salt. They want a deal
wavs nH ,Ung V efo T ro they're eat'n, and al
l ! Plenty of
the othiT^ rekfast ' I kin generally make
c olber two meals out of water.
How it Affected Other Tombs' Prison
ers—Stokes, Train, Simmons and
From the New York Graphic, March 21.
The execution of Foster does not affect
Stokes. He is as happy and light as the
writer has ever seen him.
When the w'riter asked him if the Govern
or's action in Foster's case affected him, he
"No, not in the slightest. I never expect,
nor would I take anything from the Governor
but a free pardon. I would rather die than
go out of here to be imprisoned."
"Wliat are your hopes based on now ?'
asked the writer.
"On a new T trial, and I shall surely have it.
Two jurymen said, before they got on the
last jury, that they would try aud get ou the
jury, and hang mt. We have the affidavits
to prove it My counsel here made out a list
of not two, but fifty-two executions, and
am informed by the best legal talent in the
country that another trial will surety be
g ranted to me. It cannot be avoided without
reaking all law, and outraging all pre
"Who concurs with you in this belief ?"
"YVhy, hundreds of people w ho write me
every day—and here I have just received a
note from George Francis Train, who always
sees things about twenty years ahead of other
people, and he says—well, you can read it."
"Suppose we print it in the Daily Graphic?''
"All right; but first tell the reader that
this is au impromtu note, in answer to one
from me, asking him if he would give me
a copy of the telegram which he sent Dix,
relative to Foster."
Then Stokes handed us the letter.
E. S. Stokes:
Certainty, this is the telegram :
To Major General Dix , Albany :
If this judicial murder is committed outlie
brutal demands of the New York Herald, I
make the prediction that yon will die a
natural death before the end of the year.
George Francis Train.
Of unsound mind, though harmless* *
"P. S.—The gallow's does not punish
Foster, only his family, his connections and
friends. Breaking stone at Sing Sing w ould
be punishment. Did you hear Foster's wife
shriek last night as she fell fainting on the
floor? Slioli flpvr^ir}*.,-——*— * -4*onrl
ance. so characteristic m true woman, should
nerve Foster to manhood. To quiver or
shake now indicates lack of blood and intel
lect. The church decrees that his loving
wife and children must suffer for the* crime
of a drunken husband. You could die game
under any circumstances, but your mission is
not ended. You are only convicted upon
perjured evidence concocted by Fisk's ring
Your former counsel turned and pursued you
like bloodhounds, obtaining a partial and
prejudiced jury. Even with our rotten law's
a new trial is inevitable.
"Don't you think it strange to see such ex
citement over the death of one man w'ben so
many have been murdered since I have been
in the Tombs?—as endorsed by report of
commissioners yesterday, 'not fit for human
"Every spectator to the hanging of Foster
will be as giiilty of murder (unless publicly
protesting) as the Governor. The difference
between Dix and Foster is, "Foster, drunk,
killed Putnam ; but Dix, sober, murders
George Francis Train.
Of unsound mind, tbo' harmless.
"There," said Stokes, as w'e finished read
ing the letter, "Train hits my case exactly."
Simmons, wlio cut up Duryca in the most
approved style, didn't seem to care much
about Foster's fate. His ancle is still lame,
and he goes on crutches. His plea will be
self-defense, and if he walks into the jury
room on crutches he will get off. He says
Duiyea carried a pistol and threatened to
shoot him on previous occasions, and attacked
him on the night when, to save his own life,
he had to kill him. Simmons talked long
and free, but requested us not to put liis con
versation in the Graphic.
John Scannell is generally the happiest
man in the Tombs. To-day he is a little sad.
He feels as free as the air. generalty, and is
very sanguine of acquittal at a new trial.
He evidently "fixed" his jurymen at the last
trial. John's wife, a large, handsome, blonde
woman, who keeps the Glenham Hotel, cor
ner of Third avenue and Twenty-fourth
street, comes to see him daily.
When we asked John about his crazy dodge
he replied :
* ' Why, everybody has crazy spells. Train,
over there, is crazy on breaking up the peo
ple w ho put him in the Tombs. Bergh is
crazy on his cruelty business, and Johnny
O'Brien is crazy on taking cold baths. I'm
not crazy now', but I suppose I was w'lien I
saw' the murderer of my brother Flony."
BLEAK LEY. ^ '
Bleakley, who murdered his neice in Emma
Cozen 's den, is the worst murderer in the
Tombs. The other murderers look down on
him. They refuse to associate with him, or
or speak to him. King and Scannell and
Stokes and Simmons and Sharkey are aristo
cratic fèllows. They wear good clothes,
have nice Brussels carpets on their cells and
smoke good cigars. Poor Bleakley is so
cially ostracised. He's a mean murderer,
they all say ; he killed a woman. Bleakley
is discouraged and hopeless. The execution
of Foster fills him with remorse, for his is «
similar case, only a good deal worse.
,|, KING. , * ;
There is a w oman in. King's case, and, like
Sickles and McFarland and Cole, he will get
off. The man he killed, they all say, de
served it, too. King has a good plea, if
Sickles' case is to be taken as a precedent.
His victim was a worse man than Philip
Barton Key. King don't seem to care much
about Foster's execution. ,
Changed Her Mind.
A young lady who arrived in Montana re
cently wrote to a friend who resides on the
shores of Lake Erie, "where the sportive al
ligator wags his tail, as he basks in the genial
rays of a tropical sun," announcing the ex
tent of her wanderings, and received the fol
lowing reply :
* * * * "I want to lecture you about
traveling so far away from the center of light
and heat and comfort and refinement and
culture and goodness, etc., etc., ad infinitum,
yclept not Boston but Cleveland. How yon
could /oluntarily exile yourself from all the
aforesaid, is a deep, dark unfathomable mys
tery to myself as w r ell as to the rest of your
friends, who 'live and move and have their
being' in this delightful spot. Perhaps, liow'
ever, the exile was not a voluntary one ; per
haps some cause, as mysterious as the afore
said, or more mysterious still, over which the
forces of your nature were powerless, led
you on until you reached the final terminus
of the world, your present abode. It is in
deed sad to think of you, buried alive among
the dark, deep aud gloomy recesses of the
Rocky Mountains—I shall go into mourning
for 30 days."
In reply to the above the Montana Miss re
marked that she had "only received seven
teen invitations from gentlemen w'ho wished
to escort her to church the next day, Sunday,
Which remark elicited the following :
"You have the advantage of girls in civili
zation in one respect, any way, for here the
'moths and lights' are vice versa, as to sex,
which is not always pleasant. Mrs. B. was
out here the other day, (to come down to bus
iness,) and said that in your tow n, you were
the only young lady unmarried, or it might
have been within twenty or thirty miles of
your town, I've forgotten which. Now' that's
business, wouldn't I enjoy that, tbo'—espe
cially if the young men were nice. If you
find one who wants a kindred 'bein' for his
own ; who longs for a heart to beat in unison
with 'liisen,' w'ho craves sympathy and hun
gers for 'luv,' don't appropriate the precious
feller' yourself, but be magnanimous and
send him dow r n out of the clouds for nie. I
am so delighted w'itli your grand descriptions
of natural scenery, climate, etc., and I think
Montana must be a charming ( country to live
in. This letter, remember..jp strictly confi
avino- found « ' ,<llie portcmonaie contam
mg~à smîltt quantity of currency, "trinkets
and tresses of hair," and severed little articles
of value to the owner, including these letters,
we thought this the most successful way of
calling attention to the "find." The ow'ner can
have The property by calling at this office.—
Why They're Going 1 to Strike.
From the Boston Commercial Bulletin.
A labor strike is said to be impending.
The carpenters sry they don't get enough to
pay their board.
Shoemakers, that it takes their awl to keep
them at work, and their sole dependence is
often in their last job.
Painters say that they have become lite
rally liue-ers of wood.
Upholsterers complain that hangings have
gone out of fashion.
Boilermakers aver that Congress has kept
the country in hot w r ater to such a tlegree
that they have no chance.
Blacksmiths complain that all the forging
is done in Wall street, and there is no chance.
Taylors say they mean to give their cus
The hatters have kept ahead.
The gas-fitters will go in for light w'ork.
Printers say they are tired, and can't " set
up" any longer—that's what's the matter.
Bakers say they knead more, and don't
like to see so many rich loafers.
Butchers complain of being asked to work
at killing prices.
Candlemakers urge that wick-ed .work
ought to be well paid for.
Wheelwrights say that all the spokesmen in
Congress voted more pay before retiring, and
they expect to do as well as their felloes.
The paper-makers say their business is
such that it brings them to rags.
And, finally, the plumbers propose to have
their customers do the wofic, and charge
double^price for superintending it themselves.
Each superintendent will have three tenders,
one to fill his pipe, another lo hold his hat,
and a third to act as substitute when he goes
out "to see a man."
built a tannery at Bristol, NSW Hampshire,
Ex-Governor Berry, of
in 1836. It took twelve barrils of cider and
one barrel of rum to build it |od three extra
gallons to put the ridge-pole on. The result
was there was so much spifit infused into
the undertaking that it culminated in a fight,
and one man had his leg broken. Upon this,
Governor B. formed a temperance society
among the employes of the tan-yard, and has
kept, it up ever since. This U, we think, the
first temperance society forded in the State
of New Hampshire.
- ^ « I — I Kt«-*-—
During the month of January the Com-
stock (eight mines) yielded $1,242,919 82.
This was from Belcher, Btckeye, Crown
Point, Chollar, Hale & Nor cross, Savage,
Sierra Nevada and Keutucfc. During the
month of February seven mines (the list
above given, less the Siqrrà Nevada) yielded
#1.684^068 88—$441,146 55 more than in
- T- -
Eù>ek Hammond has half the prisoners in
thejail at Denver''under conviction:" but
as the Police Justices had the whole number
in that condidion before hé came, they insist
on getting mortgages on higher^ places in the
heavenly mansions, and Denver is going to
submit it to a
WniTELAw Reid isn't going to marry
Anna Dickinson ; he says he ain't, but what
does, a man know about such things in these
days of strong-minded women ?
About Eittlc Girls—By a Eittle Boy.
I see a little girl has bin a tellin' what she
know's about little boys. Now' I w'ant to tell
about little girls. Although they are some
times very provoking, I will not say that I
hate 'em , no 1 hope not, for I alw ays remem
ber that my mother was once a little girl,
being born when quite young. Little girls
are alw ays on the pout or giggle. You don't
know how' to take 'em. Boys cultivate more
manly persoots than to have dolls and play
houses, as their muscle and so forth, W'hich
girls don't do. They are full of teaze and
cultivate it, when they ought to remember
that they air to be the "Mothers of America."
For instance, a girl will sing out to a feller
when he's coming along from school—
"Charley is mad and I am glad,
But I know what'll please him ;
A bottle of wine to make him shine
And a pretty iittle girl to squeeze him !"
"When Freedom from her mountain
height," and the like of that they won't learn.
Their strong suit is giggle, if they have any
besides pout. I like to see them pout. When
they git me right mad I jis grab 'em and kiss
'em and it sets 'em to poutin' for a whole
hour. You jist ought to see how easy I git
mad sometimes A feller can't hit 'em, you
"The man that lays his hand upon a woman
To black her eve, is a hoodlum."
A feller that has sisters is pretty apt to be
a good deal bothered with the nabors' little
girls, for then they all git after him and teaze.
Then they'll sing—
•'What are little girls made of, made of ?
Sugar and spice and everything that's nice,
And that's what little girls are made of.
What are little boys made of, made of ?
Suit* and snots and the skimins of pots,
And that's what little boys are made of.
This always makes me mad and they know
"In Adam's fall,
We sinned all,
With Freedom's soil beneath our feet.
And Freedom's banner streaming o'er us !
. And besides gigglin' little girls are always
a pullin'*eacli other to one side and tellm'
one another something; then they all say O!
O ! ! O ! ! ! and look at a feller in sich a way,
forgettin' all manners. If they do get their
hair mussed it's their own fault. I was born
an American ; I live an American ; I shall
die ati American. When my eyes shall be
turned for the last ti»«p to uphold the sun in
the heaven, may I not see him shining on the
broken and dishonored fragments of a once
glorious Union !" aud that is all from
A LITTLE BOY,
N. B.—I believe that "Little Girl" has the
best of us in üer article, however, "Millions
for defense, but not one cent for tribute!"
- «4 ««<
Self-ma.de Rich Hen*
New Y'ork Correspondence of the St. Louis Globe.
The New York millionaires, hardly any
one I can think of, except William B. Astor,
inherited any part of his property, and Astor
is one of the very few men of vast inheri
tance who have increased instead of dimin
ishing it. What a long fist of self-created
sons of Croesus have we here?
I'hero is Cornelius Vanderbilt, who began
fife with an old pirouge, running between
Staten Island and this city, and carrying
garden stuff to market. With two or three
thousand dollars raised from that source, he
entered upon steadily increasing enterprises
until he hat, amassed the enormous sum of
Alexander T. Stewart first bought a few
laces at auction and opened his way to suc
cess in a dingy little shop in Broadway, near
the site of his wholesale establishment.
Daniel Drew, in his early career, was a
cattle-driver, at the magnificent rate of
seventy-five cents a day, and he has now
driven himself into an estate valued at from
$25,000,000 to $30,000,000.
George Law, forty-five years ago, was a
common day laborer on the docks, and at
present counts his fortune at something like
Robert L. and Alexander Stuart, the noted
sugar refiners, in their boyhood sold molasses
candy, which their widowed mother had
made, at a cent a stick ; and to-day are w'orth
probably from $5,000,000 to 6,000,000 apiece.
Marshal O. Roberts is the possessor of $4,
000,000 or $5,000,000; and yet, until he was
twenty-five, lie did not have $100 lie could
call his own.
Horace B. Claflin, the eminent dry goods
merchant, w'orth, it is estimated, from #12,
000,000 to $15,000,000, commenced the world
w ith nothing but energy, determination and
A Sagacious Dog,
The well known California sheep dealers,
Maxwell & Pope, w r ere driving a band of
8,000 sheep from Denver westward, when
they encountered a severe snow storm.* The
sheep scattered to the mountains in bands of
from 20 to 100, and the flock became so
thoroughly separated that in endeavoring to
get them together again after the storm 800
head were missing. Time was precious, and
being owners of a fine shepherd dog they de
tailed him to stay behind, look up the missing
animals and overtake the main herd at his
earliest convenience. The faithful cur at
once comprehended the situation and set out
to accomplish his mission ; and the narrator
says in three days time that "dorg" had got.
together and driven up to his masters over
400 of the lost sheep ; and furthermore, that
teamsters who watched his operations aver
that he would regularly camp with his charge
aud allow' them to graze when hungiy, while
he would appease his own hunger daily by
slaughtering one of the flock, On the fourth
d»y he had driven the band up to those under
care of his master, reporting by significant
demonstrations that those still missing were
not w be found.
moni A crippl
the vood and
widow of eighty-thrte and two unmarried
girls »f seventy-three and seventy-nine divide
the edinary department.
The Most Destructive Implement of
Yesterday, at Holskie's machine shop,
comer of Cherry and Jefferson streets, says
the New York Times of March 26, a trial
was made of a new mitrailleur, invented by
J. P. Taylor, of Tennessee. This most de
structive implement of modem warfare has
quite a number of novel features, which dis
tinguish it from the Gatlin or Imperial mi
trailleurs. One important one is that the
gun barrels are in a water casing, so that the
heating of the barrels is impossible. The
other is that the twenty-four barrels, starting
at the breech in a circle, at their muzzles, are
grouped in an ellipse. By this means, a late
ral or horizontal range is given, instead of
one in w'hich other guns of a similar charac
ter throw the projectiles, up and down, at
right angles with the ground. The device
for loading is also exceedingly novel. It is
self-charging, something like the Henry rifle.
Metallic cartridges are placed in hollow'
tubes, which are fed up to the chambers by
the motion of a lever. A most ingenious de
vice is used for firing, and on moving a crank
and adjusting a simple mechanism, the mi
trailleur may either be used to discharge its
load en fusillade, the twenty-four shots going
off one after the other, or the whole may be
fired at once. It has four chambers, each
one of which can be put instantly in position,
fired, and cleared of its cartridges. In the
fusillade firing, as exhibited yesterday, it dis
charged about 700 rounds a minute ; when
fired in volley about 1,000. The calibre of
cartridge used is 44, and at a distance of 300
yards the lateral range spread the balls about
35 feet to the right and left of a given centre.
It is intended for the Vienna Exhibition.
For use against cavalry and infantry it would
be a most terrible arm, and it has excited
great interest among our own artillery officers.
A Major-General in the Gutter.
From the Kansas City Newa.
The other day there was a man going about
the streets of this city, ragged, dirty and penni
less, subsisting on free lunches and the chari
ties of gamblers, and has not slept in a bed
for months, who, during the war, was one
of the most dashing cavalry officers in the
Union army, and was promoted from the
rank of first Lieutenant to full Brigadier and
brevet Major-General for brilliant exploits on
the field of battle, and who, for a long time,
had a large and important command. He
has been here for two or three months under
an assumed name, being ashamed to dim the
brilliancy of his record in the service of his
country by an exhibition of his degradation
under his former honored name, lie is gen
eralty very reticent, having little to do with
any one, or talking but little, save when
"engineering" for a drink, at which he is
remarkably successful. The other night,
W'hile tying helplessly drunk in the rear part
of a Third street saloon, some men thought
to play a joke on him by stealing his shirt,
and proceeded to strip him. Underneath bis
shirt, and suspended by a String around his
neck, was a small canvass bag, which the
men opened and found it to contain liis com
mission as a brevet Major-General, two con
gratulatory letters, one from Grant and one
from the late President Lincoln, a photograph
of a little girl and a curl of hair—a "chestnut
shadow " that doubtless one day crept over
the brow of some loved one.
When these things were discovered, even
the half-drunken men who found them felt a
respect for the man's former greatness, aud
pity for his fallen condition, and quietly re
turned the bag and contents to where they
found them, and replaced the sleeper's clothes
upon him. A News reporter tried to inter
view the man and endeavor to learn some
thing of his life in the past few' years, but he
declined to communicate anything. He cried
like a child when told how his right name
and former position w r ere ascertained, and,
w'itli tears trickling down his cheeks, said :
"For God's sake, sir, don't publish my degra
tion, or my name at least, if you are deter
mined to say something about it. It is enough
that I know myself how low I have become.
Will you promise that much? It will do no
good, but will do mv friends a great deal of
harm, as, fortunately, they think I died in
South America, where I went at the close of
the war." Intçmperance and the gaming
table, he said, had wrought his ruin.
Mr. Plimsoll, M. P., whose book in be
half of English seamen has kicked up such
a row, writes to the Times to say that "young
as this year is, no less than forty-four ships
have been posted up at Lloyd's as missing
ships, with a loss of life of over 1,000 men.
Money is pouring in upon Mr. Plimsoll from
every quarter to enable him to defend him
self in the libel suit W'hich his book has
brought upon him.
The St. Louis Republican has this to say
of the Missouri Legislature: "The fact is,
tlie session has been frittered away, and the
proceedings have not redounded to the credit
of the State. We greatly regret having to
sty this, for in behalf of the Democracy we
had promised the people a far different result
of last fall's election."
One of the carions features of the new
stlary bill is the clause affecting the Supreme
Cburt of the District of Columbia. The sal
aries of the Judges were left unchanged—
the Chief Justice at $4,5006, and Associate
Justices at $4,000. The salary of the Clerk
ol the Court, however, was raised from
$4,000 to $6,000.
Thkhb is said to be, in the region of the
Cdorado River, a mountain of solid salt 500
feet in height, and extending fifteen miles.
Thp width of the stratum is not vet knowh,
but it has bean penetrated through a cave to
a distance of three miles.
Recent evidence goes to show that the De
mocracy are wonderfully afire.— Gasette.
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